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Prenatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914249/fewer-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-exposed-to-maternal-depressed-mood-during-pregnancy
#1
Katrin Zohsel, Nathalie E Holz, Erika Hohm, Martin H Schmidt, Günter Esser, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
BACKGROUND: Depressed mood is prevalent during pregnancy, with accumulating evidence suggesting an impact on developmental outcome in the offspring. However, the long-term effects of prenatal maternal depression regarding internalizing psychopathology in the offspring are as yet unclear. METHODS: As part of an ongoing epidemiological cohort study, prenatal maternal depressed mood was assessed at the child's age of 3 months. In a sample of n=307 offspring, depressive symptoms were obtained via questionnaire at the ages of 19, 22, 23 and 25 years...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899401/neonatal-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-health-and-educational-outcomes-of-children-exposed-to-antidepressants-and-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-administrative-data
#2
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Chelsea Ruth, Laurence Y Katz
INTRODUCTION: Antidepressants are commonly prescribed during pregnancy; however, there are inconsistent data on the safety of these medications during the prenatal period. To address this gap, this study will investigate short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental, physical and mental health, and educational outcomes of children who have been exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and/or maternal depression during pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888970/paternal-depression-rates-in-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods-and-affecting-factors
#3
Ekin Dila Top, Nuray Egelioglu Cetisli, Serkan Guclu, Esma Burcak Zengin
The objective of this study was to determine the paternal depression rates and affecting factors in prenatal and postpartum periods. The study, which was descriptive and cross-sectional, was conducted with 92 volunteer couples that suited the criteria for the sample. These participants were selected from couples that applied to the gynecology clinic of a private hospital between September 2014 and April 2015 and who were in their 37th-40th weeks of pregnancy. Data collection was planned in two interviews; the first one was done between the 37th and 40th weeks of the pregnancy, and the second was conducted between the 4th and 6th weeks after the birth...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885145/trajectories-of-postpartum-depression-depression-in-italian-first-time-fathers
#4
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Matteo Malgaroli, Emanuela Saita
Paternal postpartum depression (PPD) has received little attention compared with maternal prenatal and postpartum depression, despite research reporting that paternal PPD concerns a substantial number of fathers. History of depression and antenatal depression have been identified as important PPD's risk factors, underlining the continuity of depressive symptoms during the transition to parenthood. However, only few studies have focused on the evolution of depressive symptoms with longitudinal research design...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879500/implications-of-preterm-birth-for-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-development
#5
Cheryl Anderson, Priscila Cacola
Preterm birth remains a major contributor to infant mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental delay and childhood disability. Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are reviewed...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865988/persistent-and-new-onset-daytime-sleepiness-in-pregnant-women-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#6
Shao-Yu Tsai, Pei-Lin Lee, Jou-Wei Lin, Chien-Nan Lee
BACKGROUND: Daytime sleepiness is a frequent complaint in women during pregnancy. It has also been linked to negative obstetric consequences. Although high prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness throughout pregnancy is well-documented, neither the causes of persistent daytime sleepiness nor new-onset daytime sleepiness during pregnancy have been investigated. Identifying predictive factors may play an important role in the management of daytime sleepiness in pregnant women and improve prenatal care and maternal-fetal outcomes...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837574/there-is-no-safe-threshold-for-lead-exposure-%C3%AE-literature-review
#7
Th Vorvolakos, S Arseniou, M Samakouri
: Lead was one of the most dangerous environmental toxic substances for a long time in western countries, and this is still the case for many places on earth today. Its neurotoxic potential is highly significant but its secure blood level concentration remains unknown. The aim of this study was to approach the above issue from the perspective of social psychiatry. A systematic search was made of Dialog and Datastar interfaces for data regarding the neuropsychiatric complications of direct or chronic exposure to lead, and a review of the relevant literature was conducted using the databases Medline, Embase, CAB Global Health and Cochrane...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835662/marijuana-use-is-associated-with-behavioral-approach-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#8
Natasha E Wright, Danny Scerpella, Krista M Lisdahl
BACKGROUND: Repeated CB1 binding due to THC results in downregulation of the endocannabinoid system in cortex and limbic regions, perhaps disrupting frontolimbic functioning. This is particularly a concern in young adults who are still undergoing neurodevelopment in frontal and limbic regions. Such disruptions may be linked to increased depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and executive dysfunction, and decreased behavioral approach. OBJECTIVES: Here we examine the influence of young adult marijuana use on anxiety, depressive symptoms, behavioral approach, and executive dysfunction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826783/predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-partnered-mothers-and-fathers-from-a-longitudinal-cohort
#9
Brenda M Y Leung, Nicole L Letourneau, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Martha Hart
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern in new mothers and fathers. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of depression at 3 months postpartum, comparing depressed couples to couples with only one depressed partner or no depressed partner, using data from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study. Data from mothers and fathers were collected at second trimester and 3 months postpartum. Results showed predictors of PPD in mothers to be low household income, high prenatal depressive symptoms, and postnatally, low social support and higher number of stressful life events...
November 8, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826628/perceptual-interference-processing-in-preschool-children-with-and-without-prenatal-exposure-to-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#10
Tone Kristine Hermansen, Santeri Yrttiaho, Espen Røysamb, Annika Melinder
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to maternal depression, with or without maternal medical antidepressant treatment, may pose a risk to the child's cognitive and behavioral development. Targeting one of the core functions of behavioral regulation, we investigated both behavioral and neural indices of interference suppression in both exposed and control participants at preschool age. METHODS: Children (N = 80, M = 68.60 months, SD = 5.57) with prenatal exposure to maternal depression with (SSRI, N = 21) and without (DEP, N = 33) antidepressant treatment were tested together with unexposed children (CON, N = 26) on a behavioral flanker task while recording event-related potentials (ERPs)...
November 8, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819151/depression-retention-in-care-and-uptake-of-pmtct-service-in-kinshasa-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-prospective-cohort
#11
Kelly A Yotebieng, Kunuwo Fokong, Marcel Yotebieng
There is a clear need for effective strategies to address the factors that affect retention, or lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) and adherence to HIV care and treatment. Depression in particular may play an important role in the high rates of LTFU along the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) cascade in sub-Saharan Africa. This study assessed the association between prenatal depression and (1) LTFU or (2) uptake of PMTCT services. As part of a randomized control trial to evaluate the effect of conditional cash transfers on retention in and uptake of PMTCT services, newly diagnosed HIV-infected women, ≤32 weeks pregnant, registering for antenatal care (ANC), in 85 clinics in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), were recruited and followed-up until LTFU, death, transfer out, or six weeks postpartum...
November 6, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818729/maternal-nicotine-exposure-during-late-gestation-and-lactation-increases-anxiety-like-and-impulsive-decision-making-behavior-in-adolescent-offspring-of-rat
#12
Hyunchan Lee, Sooyeon Chung, Jihyun Noh
Prenatal nicotine exposure over an entire pregnancy has been associated with an increased prevalence of hyperactivity, anxiety-like behavior and depression-like behavior in mature rats. However, the effects of maternal nicotine exposure in late gestation and lactation on the psychology and behavior of adolescent rat offspring are unclear. Thus, we investigated the effect of nicotine exposure during late gestation and lactation on anxiety-like and impulsive decision-making behavior in adolescent offspring of rat...
October 2016: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801949/maternal-prenatal-stress-and-child-atopic-dermatitis-up-to-age-2-years-the-ulm-spatz-health-study
#13
Stefanie Braig, Johannes M Weiss, Tobias Stalder, Clemens Kirschbaum, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jon Genuneit
BACKGROUND: Evidence linking maternal psychosocial stress during pregnancy to subsequent child atopic dermatitis (AD) is growing but the definition of AD is diverse and results are inconsistent. We aimed to analyze the relationship between stress and AD using alternative methods of measurement of stress and AD. METHODS: In the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, chronic stress and symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed by standardized self-reported questionnaires in 934 mothers of singletons following delivery in Ulm, Germany, from 04/2012-05/2013...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801896/alterations-in-amygdala-prefrontal-circuits-in-infants-exposed-to-prenatal-maternal-depression
#14
J Posner, J Cha, A K Roy, B S Peterson, R Bansal, H C Gustafsson, E Raffanello, J Gingrich, C Monk
Prenatal exposure to maternal depression is common and puts offspring at risk for developing a range of neuropsychiatric disorders. Despite its prevalence and adverse associations, neurobiological processes by which prenatal maternal depression (PMD) confers risk remain poorly understood. Maternal mood and fetal behavior were assessed between 34 and 37 gestational weeks. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion MRI, we examined functional and structural connectivity within amygdala-prefrontal circuits in 64 infants (mean age=5...
November 1, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801895/prenatal-maternal-depression-is-associated-with-offspring-inflammation-at-25-years-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
D T Plant, S Pawlby, D Sharp, P A Zunszain, C M Pariante
Animal studies and a handful of prospective human studies have demonstrated that young offspring exposed to maternal prenatal stress show abnormalities in immune parameters and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function. No study has examined the effect of maternal prenatal depression on offspring inflammation and HPA axis activity in adulthood, nor the putative role of child maltreatment in inducing these abnormalities. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and awakening cortisol were measured at age 25 in 103 young-adult offspring of the South London Child Development Study (SLCDS), a prospective longitudinal birth cohort of mother-offspring dyads recruited in pregnancy in 1986...
November 1, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785635/prevalence-of-stressful-life-events-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#16
Trina Salm Ward, Florence A Kanu, Sara Wagner Robb
Experiencing stressful life events (SLEs) has negative consequences for both mother and infant. This study examined the predictive contributions of (1) experiences of each SLE separately and its association with postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS), (2) experiences of cumulative number of SLEs and PDS, and (3) the cumulative experiences of SLEs across three domains (relational, financial, physical health). Georgia's Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data were obtained from 2004 to 2011. Chi-square tests and a combination of weighted logistic regression models were conducted to predict self-reported PDS...
October 26, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784204/evaluation-of-molecular-brain-changes-associated-with-environmental-stress-in-rodent-models-compared-to-human-major-depressive-disorder-a-proteomic-systems-approach
#17
David Alan Cox, Michael Gerd Gottschalk, Viktoria Stelzhammer, Hendrik Wesseling, Jason David Cooper, Sabine Bahn
OBJECTIVES: Rodent models of major depressive disorder (MDD) are indispensable when screening for novel treatments, but assessing their translational relevance with human brain pathology has proved difficult. METHODS: Using a novel systems approach, proteomics data obtained from post-mortem MDD anterior prefrontal cortex tissue (n =12) and matched controls (n = 23) were compared with equivalent data from three commonly used preclinical models exposed to environmental stressors (chronic mild stress, prenatal stress, social defeat)...
October 27, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782825/antenatal-psychosocial-risk-status-and-australian-women-s-use-of-primary-care-and-specialist-mental-health-services-in-the-year-after-birth-a-prospective-study
#18
Virginia Schmied, Rachel Langdon, Stephen Matthey, Lynn Kemp, Marie-Paule Austin, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health in the perinatal period can impact negatively on women, their infants and families. Australian State and Territory governments are investing in routine psychosocial assessment and depression screening with referral to services and support, however, little is known about how well these services are used. The aim of this paper is to report on the health services used by women for their physical and mental health needs from pregnancy to 12 months after birth and to compare service use for women who have been identified in pregnancy as having moderate-high psychosocial risk with those with low psychosocial risk...
October 25, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776561/prenatal-exposure-to-very-severe-maternal-obesity-is-associated-with-adverse-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-in-children
#19
T H Mina, M Lahti, A J Drake, K Räikkönen, H Minnis, F C Denison, J E Norman, R M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal obesity has been linked to adverse childhood neuropsychiatric outcomes, including increased symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), internalizing and externalizing problems, affective disorders and neurodevelopmental problems but few studies have studied neuropsychiatric outcomes among offspring born to very severely obese women or assessed potential familial confounding by maternal psychological distress. METHOD: We evaluated neuropsychiatric symptoms in 112 children aged 3-5 years whose mothers had participated in a longitudinal study of obesity in pregnancy (50 very severe obesity, BMI ⩾40 kg/m2, obese class III and 62 lean, BMI 18...
October 25, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774733/maternal-and-infant-affect-at-4%C3%A2-months-predicts-performance-and-verbal-iq-at-4-and-7%C3%A2-years-in-a-diverse-population
#20
Stephen J Sheinkopf, Elena J Tenenbaum, Daniel S Messinger, Cynthia L Miller-Loncar, Ed Tronick, Linda L Lagasse, Seetha Shankaran, Henrietta Bada, Charles Bauer, Toni Whitaker, Jane Hammond, Barry M Lester
Using existing longitudinal data from 570 infants in the Maternal Lifestyle Study, we explored the predictive value of maternal and infant affect and maternal vocalizations during 2 minutes of face-to-face interactions at 4 months on IQ scores at 4.5 and 7 years. After controlling for demographic factors, maternal depression, and prenatal drug exposure, maternal positive affect and maternal positive vocalizations emerged as predictors of both verbal and performance IQ at 4.5 and 7 years. Although infant positive affect during the interaction with the mother was not predictive of these outcome measures, infant positive affect towards an examiner predicted verbal but not performance IQ at 4...
October 23, 2016: Developmental Science
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