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Prenatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070257/the-relation-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#1
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Ehsan Shahverdi
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relationship between prenatal psychosocial risk factors and breastfeeding are disjointed. Maternal health status has a great influence on breastfeeding, growth, and general health of the neonates. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relation between maternal mental health and breastfeeding status of mothers in Kazerun (Fars province, Iran). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 92 pregnant women recruited from clinics in Kazerun in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069620/prenatal-exposure-to-antiepileptic-drugs-and-use-of-primary-healthcare-during-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#2
Anne Mette Würtz, Dorte Rytter, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) has been associated with adverse outcomes in the offspring such as congenital malformations and neuropsychiatric disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate whether prenatal exposure to AEDs is also associated with more frequent use of primary healthcare during childhood. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide national registers in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 identified in the Danish National Patient Register and followed until 31 December 2013 (n=963 010)...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063625/regulation-of-insulin-receptor-phosphorylation-in-the-brains-of-prenatally-stressed-rats-new-insight-into-the-benefits-of-antidepressant-drug-treatment
#3
Katarzyna Głombik, Joanna Ślusarczyk, Ewa Trojan, Katarzyna Chamera, Bogusława Budziszewska, Władysław Lasoń, Agnieszka Basta-Kaim
A growing body of evidence supports the involvement of disturbances in the brain insulin pathway in the pathogenesis of depression. On the other hand, data concerning the impact of antidepressant drug therapy on brain insulin signaling remain scare and insufficient. We determinated the influence of chronic treatment with antidepressant drugs (imipramine, fluoxetine and tianeptine) on the insulin signaling pathway of the brain of adult prenatally stressed rats. 3-month-old prenatally stressed and control rats were treated for 21 days with imipramine, fluoxetine or tianeptine (10mg/kg/day i...
January 4, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058505/a-randomized-controlled-trial-effects-of-a-prenatal-depression-intervention-on-perinatal-outcomes-among-chinese-high-risk-pregnant-women-with-medically-defined-complications
#4
Ying Zhao, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Shenxun Shi, Jing Wang, Jianfeng Luo
: Prenatal psychosocial health has been linked with health behaviors, maternal health, and birth outcomes. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effects of a prenatal depression intervention on birth outcomes and maternal physical and psychological status at 42 days postpartum. Three hundred fifty-two high-risk pregnant women exposed to obstetric complications with an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) ≥ 9 or a Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS) ≥ 60 were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 176) and control group (n = 176)...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038377/brief-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-during-pregnancy-in-a-low-income-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shannon N Lenze, Mary Anne Potts
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in low-income pregnant women, and treatments need to be fitted to meet their needs. We conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy (brief-IPT) to enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) for perinatal depression in low-income women. The brief-IPT model is designed to better engage low-income women by utilizing an engagement session, providing flexible delivery of sessions, and pragmatic case management. METHODS: Pregnant women, aged ≥18, between 12 and 30 weeks gestation were recruited from an urban prenatal clinic...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034730/association-between-postpartum-depression-and-the-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-the-first-three-months-of-life
#6
Catarine S Silva, Marilia C Lima, Leopoldina A S Sequeira-de-Andrade, Juliana S Oliveira, Jailma S Monteiro, Niedja M S Lima, Rijane M A B Santos, Pedro I C Lira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between postpartum depression and the occurrence of exclusive breastfeeding. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the states of the Northeast region, during the vaccination campaign in 2010. The sample consisted of 2583 mother-child pairs, with children aged from 15 days to 3 months. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to screen for postpartum depression. The outcome was lack of exclusive breastfeeding, defined as the occurrence of this practice in the 24h preceding the interview...
December 26, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028599/circadian-behavior-of-adult-mice-exposed-to-stress-and-fluoxetine-during-development
#7
Veronika Kiryanova, Victoria M Smith, Richard H Dyck, Michael C Antle
INTRODUCTION: Women of child-bearing age are the population at greatest risk for depression. The stress experienced during pregnancy and the associated antidepressant treatments can both affect fetal development. Fluoxetine (FLX) is among the most common antidepressants used by pregnant women. We have previously demonstrated that perinatal exposure to FLX can alter expression of circadian rhythms in adulthood. Here, we examine the combined effects of maternal stress during pregnancy and perinatal exposure to the antidepressant FLX on the circadian behavior of mice as adults...
December 27, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027927/prenatal-stress-affects-placental-cytokines-and-neurotrophins-commensal-microbes-and-anxiety-like-behavior-in-adult-female-offspring-abbreviated-title-prenatal-stress-and-microbiome
#8
Tamar L Gur, Lena Shay, Aditi Vadodkar Palkar, Sydney Fisher, Vanessa A Varaljay, Scot Dowd, Michael T Bailey
Recent studies demonstrate that exposure to stress changes the composition of the intestinal microbiota, which is associated with development of stress-induced changes to social behavior, anxiety, and depression. Stress during pregnancy has also been related to the emergence of these disorders; whether commensal microbes are part of a maternal intrauterine environment during prenatal stress is not known. Here, we demonstrate that microbiome changes are manifested in the mother, and also found in female offspring in adulthood, with a correlation between stressed mothers and female offspring...
December 24, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024303/depression-in-women-with-recurrent-miscarriages-an-exploratory-study
#9
Ariel Cesar de Carvalho, Michele Eugênio da Silva, Bárbara Magueta Matos, Cassio Machado de Campos Bottino, Anelise Riedel Abrahão, Frederico Molina Cohrs, Sara Mota Borges Bottino
Objective To assess depression, domestic violence and the use of substances in women with recurrent miscarriages. Methods The Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were used to assess violence, depression and the use of substances among women with recurrent miscarriages. The population corresponded to patients receiving prenatal care from June to August 2014. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the multivariable relationship between depression and sociodemographic, psychosocial and medical characteristics (p < 0,10)...
December 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012571/perinatal-nutrition-interventions-and-post-partum-depressive-symptoms
#11
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Gould, Karen Best, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mood disorder associated with childbirth. No single cause of PPD has been identified, however the increased risk of nutritional deficiencies incurred through the high nutritional requirements of pregnancy may play a role in the pathology of depressive symptoms. Three nutritional interventions have drawn particular interest as possible non-invasive and cost-effective prevention and/or treatment strategies for PPD; omega-3 (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), vitamin D and overall diet...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993226/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-psychiatric-problems-in-children
#12
Marius Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Soile Tuovinen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Esa Hämäläinen, Hannele Laivuori, Pia M Villa, Rebecca M Reynolds, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of psychiatric problems in children. A more precise understanding of the timing of the symptoms during pregnancy and their independence of other prenatal and postnatal factors in predicting child psychopathology risk is needed. We examined whether maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy predict child psychiatric problems, whether these associations are trimester- or gestational-week-specific and/or independent of pregnancy disorders, and whether maternal depressive symptoms after pregnancy mediate or add to the prenatal effects...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988822/promoting-improved-social-support-and-quality-of-life-with-the-centeringpregnancy-%C3%A2-group-model-of-prenatal-care
#13
Sung Y Chae, Mark H Chae, Sridevi Kandula, Robin O Winter
This prospective cohort study compared women participating in CenteringPregnancy® group prenatal care (N = 120) with those in standard individual care (N = 221) to determine if participation in Centering was associated with improvements in perceived social support and quality of life, with concomitant decreases in screens of postpartum depression and improvements in breastfeeding rates. Participants completed surveys at the onset of prenatal care, in the late third trimester and in the postpartum period...
December 17, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984086/fetal-heart-rate-variability-mediates-prenatal-depression-effects-on-neonatal-neurobehavioral-maturity
#14
Bárbara Figueiredo, Tiago Miguel Pinto, Alexandra Pacheco, Tiffany Field
This study analyzed the mediating role of fetal heart rate variability (FHR) on prenatal depression and neonatal neurobehavioral maturity. A sample of 104 pregnant women was recruited and divided into two groups according to their Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores (depressed/non-depressed). FHR variability in response to speech stimuli was assessed at term (between 37 and 39 weeks gestation). The neonates were then assessed on the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) during the first 5days after birth...
October 28, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978476/does-maternal-psychological-distress-affect-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-at-a-gestational-age-of-%C3%A2-32weeks
#15
Ozlem Bozkurt, Zeynep Eras, Fatma Nur Sari, Evrim Alyamac Dizdar, Nurdan Uras, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Serife Suna Oguz
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that maternal psychological status in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with infants' cognitive, behavioural, and emotional functions. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of maternal depression and anxiety with neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32weeks, examined at a corrected age of 18 to 22months. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 12, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977563/pathways-from-socioeconomic-status-to-prenatal-smoking-a-test-of-the-reserve-capacity-model
#16
Irene Yang, Lynne A Hall, Kristin Ashford, Sudeshna Paul, Barbara Polivka, S Lee Ridner
BACKGROUND: Low-income, unemployed women with low levels of education are more likely to smoke during pregnancy compared to their higher-income, employed, and well-educated counterparts. The reserve capacity model (RCM) offers a theoretical framework to explain how psychosocial factors may serve as pathways connecting socioeconomic status (SES) to health behaviors. Research supports the link between prenatal smoking and several psychosocial variables such as chronic stressors, depressive symptoms, and social support...
January 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960615/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-may-undermine-abuse-survivors-self-efficacy-in-the-obstetric-care-setting
#17
Natalie R Stevens, Vanessa Tirone, Teresa A Lillis, Lucie Holmgreen, Allison Chen-McCracken, Stevan E Hobfoll
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) are associated with increased risk of obstetric complications among pregnant survivors of trauma, abuse and interpersonal violence, but little is known about how PTS affects women's actual experiences of obstetric care. This study investigated the rate at which abuse history was detected by obstetricians, whether abuse survivors experienced more invasive exams than is typically indicated for routine obstetric care, and whether psychological distress was associated with abuse survivors' sense of self-efficacy when communicating their obstetric care needs...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940036/maternal-history-of-child-maltreatment-and-maternal-depression-risk-in-the-perinatal-period-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Yang Li, Zhouting Long, Danfeng Cao, Fenglin Cao
Existing research is limited, with only a few studies considering each single type and multiple types of child maltreatment (CM) as well as multiple assessments of maternal depression throughout the perinatal period. The purpose of the study was to assess each type and accumulative types of CM in relation to the risk of maternal depression throughout the perinatal period. In total, 276 pregnant women were recruited from the prenatal clinic at a general hospital in China. Maternal CM history and depression risk were assessed at late pregnancy, postpartum week 1, and postpartum week 4 using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930912/poor-sleep-quality-antepartum-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-pregnant-women
#19
Bizu Gelaye, Gifty Addae, Beemnet Neway, Gloria T Larrabure-Torrealva, Chunfang Qiu, Lee Stoner, Miguel Angel Luque Fernandez, Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of maternal self-reported poor sleep quality and antepartum depression with suicidal ideation during the third trimester METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1298 pregnant women (between 24 and 28 gestational weeks) attending prenatal clinics in Lima, Peru. Antepartum depression and suicidal ideation were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire was used to assess sleep quality...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914249/fewer-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-exposed-to-maternal-depressed-mood-during-pregnancy
#20
Katrin Zohsel, Nathalie E Holz, Erika Hohm, Martin H Schmidt, Günter Esser, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
BACKGROUND: Depressed mood is prevalent during pregnancy, with accumulating evidence suggesting an impact on developmental outcome in the offspring. However, the long-term effects of prenatal maternal depression regarding internalizing psychopathology in the offspring are as yet unclear. METHODS: As part of an ongoing epidemiological cohort study, prenatal maternal depressed mood was assessed at the child's age of 3 months. In a sample of n=307 offspring, depressive symptoms were obtained via questionnaire at the ages of 19, 22, 23 and 25 years...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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