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Prenatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209281/association-among-father-involvement-partner-violence-and-paternal-health-un-multi-country-cross-sectional-study-on-men-and-violence
#1
Ko Ling Chan, Clifton R Emery, Emma Fulu, Richard M Tolman, Patrick Ip
INTRODUCTION: The influence of father involvement on intimate partner violence (IPV) and men's health is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of six aspects of father involvement in delivery and child care, and to explore their individual associations with IPV against women and paternal health in an Asia-Pacific context. METHODS: This study analyzed data from the 2011-2012 UN Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study on Men and Violence, which surveyed >10,000 men from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208851/2d-4d-ratio-and-its-implications-in-medicine
#2
Saravanakumar Jeevanandam, Prathibha K Muthu
Digit ratios, especially 2D:4D ratio, a potential proxy marker for prenatal androgen exposure shows sexual dimorphism. Existing literature and recent research show accumulating evidence on 2D:4D ratio showing correlations with various phenotypic traits in humans. Ratio of 2D:4D is found to correlate negatively to testosterone and positively to oestrogen in the foetus. Interestingly, it is constant since birth and not influenced by the adult hormone levels. Usually, males have lower ratios when compared to females...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198797/erratum-risk-of-prenatal-depression-and-stress-treatment-alteration-on-serotonin-system-of-offspring-through-exposure-to-fluoxetine
#3
Siran Pei, Li Liu, Zhaomin Zhong, Han Wang, Shuo Lin, Jing Shang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197749/the-effect-of-life-style-based-education-on-the-fathers-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-periods-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Fovzieh Sanaati
Due to the harmful effects of prenatal and postnatal anxiety and depression on fathers, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of lifestyle-based training on paternal depression and anxiety (primary outcomes) during the prenatal and postnatal periods. This single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 126 spouses of pregnant women with gestational ages of 24-28 weeks. They were followed up until 6 weeks after childbirth. Using the block randomization method and stratified based on the number of children, the eligible samples were divided into two groups (one receiving two weekly group lifestyle-based training session (lasting 60-90 min) and a control group)...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192175/increased-anxiety-like-phenotype-in-female-guinea-pigs-following-reduced-neurosteroid-exposure-in-utero
#5
Angela L Cumberland, Hannah K Palliser, Gabrielle K Crombie, David W Walker, Jonathan J Hirst
Neurosteroids are essential for aiding proper fetal neurodevelopment. Pregnancy compromises such as preterm birth, prenatal stress and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with an increased risk of developing behavioural and mood disorders, particularly during adolescence. These pathologies involve the premature loss or alteration of trophic steroid hormones reaching the fetus leading to impaired neurodevelopment. While the specific programming mechanisms are yet to be fully elucidated, in adult life, dysfunctions of allopregnanolone action are prevalent in individuals with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety disorders...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187401/a-preliminary-study-to-assess-the-impact-of-maternal-age-on-stress-related-variables-in-healthy-nulliparous-women
#6
Ana García-Blanco, Alberto Monferrer, Jorge Grimaldos, David Hervás, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Vicente Diago, Máximo Vento, Consuelo Cháfer-Pericás
PURPOSE: Childbearing age has progressively increased in industrialized countries. The impact of this delay on motherhood, however, requires further research. METHODS: The study sample included a prospective cohort of healthy nulliparous pregnant women aged between 18 and 40 years (n=148) assessed at 38 weeks gestation (Time#1, T1), 48h after birth (Time#2, T2), and 3 months after birth (Time#3, T3). The effect of age on psychological, biological, and social variables was evaluated...
January 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185983/prenatal-melamine-exposure-impairs-spatial-cognition-and-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-by-presynaptic-and-postsynaptic-inhibition-of-glutamatergic-transmission-in-adolescent-offspring
#7
Lei An, Wei Sun
Our previous studies showed that prenatal melamine exposure (PME) could impair spatial cognition and hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). More importantly, the synaptic dysfunction induced by PME was associated with the probability of presynaptic glutamate release. Considering the crucial role of the other form of synaptic plasticity, long-term depression (LTD), in some types of learning and memory process, the aim of present study was to investigate if the hippocampal LTD and cognitive flexibility were affected...
February 6, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179814/prenatal-stress-immune-programming-of-sex-differences-in-comorbidity-of-depression-and-obesity-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Jill M Goldstein, Laura Holsen, Grace Huang, Bradley D Hammond, Tamarra James-Todd, Sara Cherkerzian, Taben M Hale, Robert J Handa
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the number one cause of disability worldwide and is comorbid with many chronic diseases, including obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS). Women have twice as much risk for MDD and comorbidity with obesity/MetS as men, although pathways for understanding this association remain unclear. On the basis of clinical and preclinical studies, we argue that prenatal maternal stress (ie, excess glucocorticoid expression and associated immune responses) that occurs during the sexual differentiation of the fetal brain has sex-dependent effects on brain development within highly sexually dimorphic regions that regulate mood, stress, metabolic function, the autonomic nervous system, and the vasculature...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178022/the-impact-of-essential-fatty-acid-b-vitamins-vitamin-c-magnesium-and-zinc-supplementation-on-stress-levels-in-women-a-systematic-review
#9
Delia McCabe, Karolina Lisy, Craig Lockwood, Marc Colbeck
BACKGROUND: Women juggling multiple roles in our complex society are increasingly experiencing psychological stress. Dietary supplementation to manage stress is widespread despite limited supporting evidence. A systematic review of the available literature was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of specific dietary supplements in managing female stress and anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of essential fatty acids (EFAs), B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and/or zinc, consumed as dietary supplements to the daily diet, on female stress and anxiety levels...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174149/smartmom-text-messaging-for-prenatal-education-a-qualitative-focus-group-study-to-explore-canadian-women-s-perceptions
#10
Sarah Munro, Amber Hui, Vanessa Salmons, Carolyn Solomon, Emily Gemmell, Nahal Torabi, Patricia A Janssen
BACKGROUND: We engaged Canadian women in the development of a prenatal education program delivered via one-way text messaging called SmartMom. SmartMom is the first peer-reviewed, evidence-based mHealth program for prenatal education in Canada and the first to be endorsed by the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. OBJECTIVE: To explore women's preferences for a prenatal education program by text messaging. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative focus group study in three Canadian communities in the Northern Health Authority...
February 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167151/validation-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-for-pregnant-women
#11
Sajeevika Saumali Daundasekara, Anitra Danielle Beasley, Daniel Patrick O'Connor, McClain Sampson, Daphne Hernandez, Tracey Ledoux
Pre-pregnancy maladaptive eating behaviors have predicted inadequate or excess gestational weight gain and poor dietary intake during pregnancy, but little is known about effects of pre-pregnancy adaptive eating behaviors on pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to produce a valid and reliable measure of adaptive pre-pregnancy eating behaviors for pregnant women using the Intuitive Eating Scale. Data were collected from 266 pregnant women, aged 18 and older who were attending a private prenatal clinic at Texas Children's Hospital Pavilion for Women in Houston, TX using self-administered questionnaires...
February 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152450/maternal-attachment-style-and-psychiatric-history-as-independent-predictors-of-mood-symptoms-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period
#12
Roberta Croce Nanni, Alfonso Troisi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that both a past history of psychiatric illness and insecure attachment put women at risk for mood disturbances in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether maternal insecure attachment is a risk factor for mood symptoms in the immediate postpartum period independently of the confounding effect of maternal psychiatric history. METHODS: A convenience sample of 120 mothers was assessed prenatally with the Maternal History of Mood Disturbances (MHMD), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), and in the first week after delivery with the Profile of Mood States (POMS)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140478/maternal-interpersonal-trauma-and-child-social-emotional-development-an-intergenerational-effect
#13
Alonzo T Folger, Karen T Putnam, Frank W Putnam, James L Peugh, Emily A Eismann, Ting Sa, Robert A Shapiro, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that maternal interpersonal trauma can adversely affect offspring health, but little is known about potential transmission pathways. We investigated whether interpersonal trauma exposure had direct and indirect associations with offspring social-emotional development at 12-months of age in an at-risk, home visited population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 1172 mother-child dyads who participated in a multi-site, early childhood home visiting program...
January 31, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134236/-phq-2-as-first-screening-instrument-of-prenatal-depression-in-primary-health-care-spain
#14
María de la Fe Rodríguez-Muñoz, Pilar Carolina Castelao Legazpi, María Eugenia Olivares Crespo, Cristina Soto Balbuena, Nuria Izquierdo Méndez, Francisco Javier Ferrer Barrientos, Le Huynh-Nhu
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal depression is a major public health problem that is barely treated. Based on existing literature, depression during this period is associated with negative consequences for the mother and the baby. Therefore it is important to make an adequate screening in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the discriminant validity and cut-off of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) as a screening tool to identify the depression in pregnant women living in Spain...
January 30, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129022/the-association-between-maternal-early-life-forced-sexual-intercourse-and-offspring-birth-weight-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status
#15
Amelia R Gavin, Julia Morris
BACKGROUND: This study utilizes a life-course framework to investigate whether maternal early life forced sexual intercourse operates in conjunction with health behaviors during adolescence, young adulthood, and the prenatal period to influence offspring birth weight. METHODS: Using data from the 1994-2009 National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we examined whether early life forced sexual intercourse predicted offspring birth weight through a mediated pathway, including depressive symptoms, substance use, and prenatal cigarette smoking...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126057/depressive-symptomatology-and-grief-in-spanish-women-who-have-suffered-a-perinatal-loss
#16
Isabel Ridaura, Eva Penelo, Rosa M Raich
BACKGROUND: Perinatal grief differs from other types of mourning. Two goals were set: to describe the progression of the process of grief and the symptoms of depression throughout the year following perinatal loss, and to study its association with socio-economic and obstetric factors. METHOD: The study involved the participation of 70 women who had suffered a medical termination of pregnancy or a prenatal/postnatal death. Three assessments were made after the loss (after 1 month, 6 months and 1 year) with the Perinatal Grief Scale (PGS) to assess grief and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for depressive symptomatology...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108228/a-preliminary-study-of-endocannabinoid-system-regulation-in-psychosis-distinct-alterations-of-cnr1-promoter-dna-methylation-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Claudio D'Addario, Vincenzo Micale, Martina Di Bartolomeo, Tibor Stark, Mariangela Pucci, Alexandra Sulcova, Mariacarlotta Palazzo, Zuzana Babinska, Laura Cremaschi, Filippo Drago, A Carlo Altamura, Mauro Maccarrone, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Compelling evidence supports the involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in psychosis vulnerability. We here evaluated the transcriptional regulation of ECS components in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from subjects suffering from bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and schizophrenia, focusing in particular on the effects of DNA methylation. We observed selective alterations of DNA methylation at the promoter of CNR1, the gene coding for the type-1 cannabinoid receptor, in schizophrenic patients (N=25) with no changes in any other disorder...
January 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096980/genetic-and-prenatal-findings-in-two-japanese-patients-with-schinzel-giedion-syndrome
#18
Nozomi Hishimura, Michiko Watari, Hiroki Ohata, Naho Fuseya, Sadae Wakiguchi, Tomoharu Tokutomi, Kouji Okuhara, Nobuhiro Takahashi, Susumu Iizuka, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Takashi Mishima, Satoko Fujieda, Ryoji Kobayashi, Kazutoshi Cho, Yukiko Kuroda, Kenji Kurosawa, Hidefumi Tonoki
We report two Japanese patients with Schinzel-Giedion syndrome. When polyhydramnios is observed, additional fetal findings such as overlapping fingers, hydrocephalus, hydronephrosis, and very characteristic facial appearance comprising high, prominent forehead, hypertelorism, and depressed nasal root may suggest Schinzel-Giedion syndrome.
January 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070257/the-relation-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#19
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Ehsan Shahverdi
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relationship between prenatal psychosocial risk factors and breastfeeding are disjointed. Maternal health status has a great influence on breastfeeding, growth, and general health of the neonates. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relation between maternal mental health and breastfeeding status of mothers in Kazerun (Fars province, Iran). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 92 pregnant women recruited from clinics in Kazerun in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069620/prenatal-exposure-to-antiepileptic-drugs-and-use-of-primary-healthcare-during-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#20
Anne Mette Würtz, Dorte Rytter, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) has been associated with adverse outcomes in the offspring such as congenital malformations and neuropsychiatric disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate whether prenatal exposure to AEDs is also associated with more frequent use of primary healthcare during childhood. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide national registers in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 identified in the Danish National Patient Register and followed until 31 December 2013 (n=963 010)...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
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