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Prenatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812324/parents-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-mental-health-screening-using-home-visiting-programs-a-pilot-study
#1
Katie Johnson, Alicia Woodward, Sadie Swenson, Christine Weis, Margene Gunderson, Marilyn Deling, Valeria Cristiani, Brian Lynch
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with adult high-risk behaviors and diseases. There is value in screening parents for ACEs given the repercussions parental ACEs may have on parenting behaviors and child development. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of parental ACE screening in the home setting. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether or not maternal ACEs correlated with maternal mental health measures. METHODS: Two home visiting programs that support early childhood development and conduct parental mental health screening implemented ACE screening for parents of infants <1 year of age...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#2
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811121/emergency-department-use-in-the-perinatal-period-an-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#3
Saloni Malik, Catherine Kothari, Colleen MacCallum, Michael Liepman, Shama Tareen, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We characterize emergency department (ED) utilization among perinatal women and identify differences in risk factors and outcomes between women who use versus do not use the ED during the perinatal period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study comparing patients who used the ED versus did not use the ED during the perinatal period. Patient data were collected from medical chart review and postpartum interviews. RESULTS: Of the 678 participants, 218 (33%) had at least 1 perinatal ED visit...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810501/relational-resilience-as-a-potential-mediator-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-prenatal-depression
#4
Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Miller-Graff, Lauren M Schaefer, Kathryn E Scrafford
This study examined the indirect effects of individual, relational, and contextual resilience in the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and prenatal depression. Participants included 101 pregnant women. Adverse childhood experiences had a direct effect on depression, B = 1.11, standard error = .44, p = .01, and relational resilience, B = -1.15, standard error = .19, p < .001, but not individual or contextual resilience. With resilience as a mediator, the effect of adverse childhood experiences on depression was no longer significant...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794224/increased-prenatal-maternal-investment-reduces-inbreeding-depression-in-offspring
#5
Kate E Ihle, Pascale Hutter, Barbara Tschirren
Inbreeding depression refers to the reduction of fitness that results from matings between relatives. Evidence for reduced fitness in inbred individuals is widespread, but the strength of inbreeding depression varies widely both within and among taxa. Environmental conditions can mediate this variation in the strength of inbreeding depression, with environmental stress exacerbating the negative consequences of inbreeding. Parents can modify the environment experienced by offspring, and have thus the potential to mitigate the negative consequences of inbreeding...
August 16, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783546/smoking-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-2005-2014-the-role-of-depression
#6
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Deborah B Nelson, Philip H Smith, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin, Yoko Nomura, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Despite success of public health-oriented tobacco control programs in lowering the smoking prevalence over the past several decades, it is unclear whether similar reductions in smoking have been experienced among pregnant women, especially in vulnerable groups such as those with major depression and/or lower socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between major depressive episode (MDE) and smoking among pregnant women overall, and by demographics and to estimate changes in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among pregnant women with and without MDE from 2005 to 2014...
July 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780256/perinatal-depression-adverse-life-events-and-hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary-axis-response-to-cold-pressor-stress-in-latinas-an-exploratory-study
#7
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Karen M Grewen, Susan S Girdler, Jayme Wood, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Latinas are disproportionately affected by perinatal depression (PND) as well as by adverse life events (ALEs), an independent predictor of PND. Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been seen both in women with PND and with a history of ALEs in non-Latinas. Although some evidence suggests that HPA axis dysregulation may mediate the link between ALEs and PND, this hypothesis has received little attention and there are no studies that have examined these pathways in Latinas...
August 2, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770524/interactive-effects-of-prenatal-antidepressant-exposure-and-likely-gene-disrupting-mutations-on-the-severity-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Sean Ackerman, Sarah Schoenrbun, Caitlin Hudac, Raphael Bernier
To examine the interactive effects of two proposed risk factors which may contribute to symptom severity of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): prenatal antidepressant exposure and likely gene-disrupting (LGD) mutations. Participants included 2748 individuals with ASD from the Simons Simplex Collection. We examined the effects of prenatal antidepressant exposure, maternal depression, presence of an LGD mutation and their interaction on ASD severity. We found a significant interactive effect between antidepressant exposure and the presence of an LGD mutation on ASD severity in the ADOS and ADI-R verbal communication domains...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770341/prenatal-depression-screening-and-antidepressant-prescription-obstetrician-gynecologists-practices-opinions-and-interpretation-of-evidence
#9
Laura H Taouk, Kristen A Matteson, Lauren M Stark, Jay Schulkin
Obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) are well-positioned to detect symptoms of perinatal depression; however, little is known about how ob-gyns respond. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ob-gyns' beliefs and practices related to prenatal depression screening and antidepressant prescription during pregnancy. A larger survey on prenatal medication was developed at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and distributed to a sample of 1000 Fellows. The overall response rate was 37...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755751/drinking-and-smoking-patterns-during-pregnancy-development-of-group-based-trajectories-in-the-safe-passage-study
#10
Kimberly Dukes, Tara Tripp, Marian Willinger, Hein Odendaal, Amy J Elliott, Hannah C Kinney, Fay Robinson, Julie M Petersen, Cheryl Raffo, Dale Hereld, Coen Groenewald, Jyoti Angal, Gary Hankins, Larry Burd, William P Fifer, Michael M Myers, Howard J Hoffman, Lisa Sullivan
Precise identification of drinking and smoking patterns during pregnancy is crucial to better understand the risk to the fetus. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the methodological approach used to define prenatal drinking and smoking trajectories from a large prospective pregnancy cohort, and to describe maternal characteristics associated with different exposure patterns. In the Safe Passage Study, detailed information regarding quantity, frequency, and timing of exposure was self-reported up to four times during pregnancy and at 1 month post-delivery...
August 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752260/correlates-of-early-pregnancy-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-a-peruvian-population
#11
Na Yang, Elizabeth Levey, Bizu Gelaye, Qiu-Yue Zhong, Marta B Rondon, Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams
Knowledge about factors that influence serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations during early pregnancy is lacking. The aim of the study is to examine the correlates of early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations. A total of 982 women attending prenatal care clinics in Lima, Peru, were recruited in early pregnancy. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the relation between BDNF concentrations and continuous covariates. Analysis of variance and generalized linear models were used to compare the unadjusted and adjusted BDNF concentrations according to categorical variables...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751158/mentors-offering-maternal-support-reduces-prenatal-pregnancy-specific-anxiety-in-a-sample-of-military-women
#12
Karen L Weis, Regina P Lederman, Katherine C Walker, Wenyaw Chan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of the Mentors Offering Maternal Support (MOMS) program to reduce pregnancy-specific anxiety and depression and build self-esteem and resilience in military women. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with repeated measures. SETTING: Large military community in Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women (N = 246) in a military sample defined as active duty or spouse of military personnel...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749705/associations-between-postpartum-depression-breastfeeding-and-oxytocin-levels-in-latina-mothers
#13
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kathryn McKenney, Arianna Di Florio, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD), often comorbid with anxiety, is the leading medical complication among new mothers. Latinas have elevated risk of PPD, which has been associated with early breastfeeding cessation. Lower plasma oxytocin (OT) levels have also been associated with PPD in non-Latinas. This pilot study explores associations between PPD, anxiety, breastfeeding, and OT in Latinas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four Latinas were enrolled during their third trimester of pregnancy and followed through 8 weeks postpartum...
July 27, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749487/autoimmune-conditions-and-comorbid-depression-in-pregnancy-examining-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-and-preeclampsia
#14
G Bandoli, C D Chambers
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether prenatal depression interacts with autoimmune conditions to further increase the risk of preterm birth or preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Our sample included 3034 pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn's disease (CD) or psoriasis, or controls that were prospectively enrolled into MothertoBaby pregnancy studies. We estimated the independent and joint effects of the three autoimmune conditions and depression on the select outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746341/association-of-prenatal-exposure-to-benzodiazepines-and-child-internalizing-problems-a-sibling-controlled-cohort-study
#15
Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Eivind Ystrom, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Svetlana Skurtveit, Randi Selmer, Marte Handal, Hedvig Nordeng
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, many women experience sleep problems and anxiety that require treatment. The long-term safety for the child of maternal benzodiazepine (BZD) and z-hypnotic use during pregnancy remains controversial. METHOD: We conducted a cohort and a sibling control study using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Data on use of BZD and z-hypnotics, internalizing and externalizing outcomes, and covariates were collected from mothers at gestational weeks 17 and 30 and when children were 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742930/information-about-first-trimester-screening-and-self-reported-distress-among-pregnant-women-and-partners-comparing-two-methods-of-information-giving-in-sweden
#16
Peter Lindgren, Magdalena Stadin, Inger Blomberg, Karin Nordin, Hanna Sahlgren, Charlotta Ingvoldstad Malmgren
INTRODUCTION: Balanced information prior to prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress...
July 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738757/determinants-of-sleep-quality-among-pregnant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Ying Yang, Jing Mao, Zhiying Ye, Xiaoli Zheng, Huimin Zhao, Yueting Liu, Jie Li
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy, yet few studies are currently available regarding the determinants of sleep quality among pregnant women in China. This study aimed to (a) calculate the prevalence of sleep disorder during pregnancy, (b) examine the difference in sleep quality among three trimesters, and (c) identify determinants of sleep quality in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as a cross-sectional survey...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728787/prenatal-co-exposure-to-manganese-and-depression-and-24-months-neurodevelopment
#18
Teresa Verenice Muñoz-Rocha, Marcela Tamayo Y Ortiz, Martín Romero, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, David Bellinger, Birgit Claus-Henn, Rosalind Wright, Robert O Wright, Mara Téllez-Rojo
BACKGROUND: Normal prenatal neurodevelopment follows stages that are potentially influenced by both chemical and psychosocial environments. Exposure to elevated manganese during this critically vulnerable period has been found to be neurotoxic. Independently, maternal prenatal depression has been associated with subsequent neurodevelopmental decrements in children. The association between child neurodevelopment and prenatal co-exposure to manganese and maternal depression has not been sufficiently studied...
July 17, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724023/-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-anxiety-and-interference-in-the-mother-child-relationship-based-on-a-prenatal-cohort-an-approach-with-structural-equations-modeling
#19
Adriana Oliveira Dias de Sousa Morais, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Lívia Dos Santos Rodrigues, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Zeni Carvalho Lamy, Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro
This study aimed to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and anxiety and interference in the mother/child relationship, using structural equations modeling. Data were used from a prospective cohort study initiated during the prenatal period with 1,140 mothers in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. Data were collected during prenatal care and when the children reached two years of age. Interference in the mother/child relationship was measured with the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire - PBQ (N = 1,140)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719808/activated-neuro-oxidative-and-neuro-nitrosative-pathways-at-the-end-of-term-are-associated-with-inflammation-and-physio-somatic-and-depression-symptoms-while-predicting-outcome-characteristics-in-mother-and-baby
#20
Chutima Roomruangwong, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, André de Souza Nogueira, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Estefania Gastaldello Moreira, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVES: To examine oxidative & nitrosative stress (O&NS) biomarkers at the end of term in relation to perinatal affective symptoms, neuro-immune biomarkers and pregnancy-related outcome variables. METHODS: We measured plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), -sulfhydryl (-SH), peroxides (LOOH) and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity in pregnant women with and without prenatal depression and non-pregnant controls...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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