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Prenatal anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445631/effects-of-negative-emotions-and-life-events-on-women-s-missed-miscarriage
#1
Huilin Xing, Yaping Luo, Shouying Wang
Background: To investigate the effects of negative emotions and life events on women's missed miscarriage. Methods: Overall, 214 women diagnosed with a missed miscarriage by prenatal examination from 2016-2017 in Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen, China were selected as the observation group compared to 214 women as control group. The general data of the patients were investigated by self-programmed questionnaires. Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Center Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; Life Events Scale for Pregnant Women were used conduct the study...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428324/pre-and-postnatal-tobacco-and-cannabis-exposure-and-child-behavior-problems-bidirectional-associations-joint-effects-and-sex-differences
#2
Rina D Eiden, Junru Zhao, Meghan Casey, Shannon Shisler, Pamela Schuetze, Craig Colder
AIMS: We examined prospective associations between pre-and-postnatal tobacco and cannabis exposure on child behavior problems from 2 to 3 years of child age, sex differences in these associations, and bidirectional associations between maternal postnatal substance use and child behavior problems across time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 247 primarily young, unmarried, low-income, minority mothers and their children (97 prenatally exposed to tobacco and cannabis, 81 exposed to tobacco only, and 69 non-exposed)...
February 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421306/prenatal-cold-stress-effect-on-maternal-hippocampus-and-offspring-behavior-in-rats
#3
Shuai Lian, Di Wang, Bin Xu, Wenjin Guo, Lipeng Wang, Wenjie Li, Hong Ji, Jianfa Wang, Fanzhi Kong, Li Zhen, Shize Li, Liping Zhang, Jingru Guo, Huanmin Yang
In mammals, environmental factors including cold stress exert dramatic effects on adult health during late gestation, the cold stress response refers to an organism's response to cold. Indeed, cells and organs, including the hippocampus, are coordinated to respond to prevent hypothermia. The hippocampus act as an important brain structure that regulates the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and suppress the stress reaction through feedback regulation of the HPA axis. To evaluate the response of the hippocampus during prenatal cold stress, we established a prenatal cold stress rat model...
February 5, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417369/mental-health-of-mothers-of-infants-with-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-prenatal-opioid-exposure
#4
Laura J Faherty, Meredith Matone, Molly Passarella, Scott Lorch
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of opioid use during pregnancy is increasing. Two downstream effects are neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), a postnatal withdrawal syndrome, and long-term prenatal opioid exposure (LTPOE) without documented withdrawal symptoms in the infant. Mental health characteristics of mothers of infants with NAS and LTPOE have not been described. METHODS: Using linked maternal and infant Medicaid claims and birth certificate data, we analyzed 15,571 infants born to Medicaid-insured women 15-24 years old in a mid-Atlantic city from 2007 to 2010...
February 7, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410007/evaluation-of-behavioral-problems-after-prenatal-dexamethasone-treatment-in-swedish-children-and-adolescents-at-risk-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#5
Lena Wallensteen, Leif Karlsson, Valeria Messina, Anton Gezelius, Malin Thomsen Sandberg, Anna Nordenström, Tatja Hirvikoski, Svetlana Lajic
Prenatal dexamethasone (DEX) treatment in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is effective in reducing virilization in affected girls, but potential long-term adverse effects are largely unknown. In this report we intended to explore potential side effects of DEX therapy to enhance the adequacy of future risk benefit analyses of DEX treatment. We investigated the long-term effects of first trimester prenatal DEX treatment on behavioral problems and temperament in children and adolescents aged 7-17 years...
February 6, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402153/psychological-factors-influencing-choice-of-prenatal-diagnosis-in-chinese-multiparous-women-with-advanced-maternal-age
#6
Bi-Heng Cheng, Jian-Hua Chen, Gao-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the psychological predictors in Chinese multiparous pregnant women of advanced maternal age (AMA) for choosing aneuploidy screening or diagnostic testing. METHODS: A total of 84 pregnant women of AMA were consecutively enrolled from Renming Hospital, Wuhan University. All participants completed three questionnaires: Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Pregnancy Stress Rating Scale (PSRS). Demographic information and the choice of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) versus invasive prenatal diagnosis (PND) were also collected...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400638/the-relationship-between-general-health-and-coping-style-with-the-perceived-stress-in-primigravida-healthy-pregnant-women-using-the-path-model
#7
Farshid Shamsaei, Azam Maleki, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Farzaneh Soltani, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
The aim of this study was to analyze relationships among general health, coping style, and perceived stress in healthy primigravida pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was conducted at public health clinics in Hamadan city, Iran between July and December 2015. In total, 380 pregnant women were selected through stratified random sampling. Data were collected using the Revised Prenatal Coping Inventory and General Health Questionnaire. Perceived stress was assessed through an interview comprised of open-ended questions...
February 5, 2018: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388042/prenatal-maternal-distress-a-risk-factor-for-child-anxiety
#8
REVIEW
Mia A McLean, Vanessa E Cobham, Gabrielle Simcock
The deleterious association between various types of prenatal maternal psychological distress (PNMS, anxiety, depression, psychological distress, stress) and childhood anxiety symptomatology (internalizing behaviors, anxiety symptoms) has been established using both retrospective and prospective longitudinal studies across varied demographic cohorts and throughout development. Yet, the existing literature cannot claim maternal distress during pregnancy to be a specific risk factor for anxiety symptomatology, as studies utilizing such observational designs are unable to adequately account for confounding of potential genetic factors and the postnatal environment...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380331/neuropsychiatric-sequelae-of-early-nutritional-modifications-a-beginner-s-guide-to-behavioral-analysis
#9
Ann-Katrin Kraeuter, Paul C Guest, Zoltán Sarnyai
Early parental nutritional interventions during prenatal development have been shown to result in neuropsychiatric sequelae in the adult offspring. In order to understand the impact of such nutritional interventions, the behavior of the animal has to be carefully analyzed. This chapter provides a step-by-step guide to conduct behavioral tests in adult mice for investigators without specific expertise or those without the equipment to carry out behavioral studies. We focus on tests tapping into the main behavioral abnormalities that correspond to mental illnesses...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370250/associations-of-psychosocial-factors-with-pregnancy-healthy-life-styles
#10
Shabnam Omidvar, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Karimallah Hajian-Tilak, Fatemeh Nasiri Amiri
Healthy behaviors in pregnant women have a major effect on pregnancy outcomes; however, only few studies have explored the relationship of multiple psychosocial factors with healthy lifestyles during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the five psychosocial factors of anxiety, stress, depression, marital dissatisfaction, and social support are associated with six domains of healthy lifestyles in pregnant women, including nutrition, physical activity, health responsibility, stress management, interpersonal relationships, and self-actualization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369067/evidence-establishing-a-link-between-prenatal-and-early-life-stress-and-asthma-development
#11
Maria José Rosa, Alison G Lee, Rosalind J Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an update on our evolving understanding of the effects of stress in pregnancy and during early development on the onset of asthma-related phenotypes across childhood, adolescence, and into early adulthood. RECENT FINDINGS: Accumulating evidence over the past 2 decades has established that prenatal and early-life psychological stress and stress correlates (e.g., maternal anxiety or depression) increase the risk for childhood respiratory disorders...
January 23, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367495/late-pregnancy-is-vulnerable-period-for-exposure-to-bpa
#12
Naoko Ohtani, Koshi Suda, Erika Tsuji, Kentaro Tanemura, Hiroshi Yokota, Hiroki Inoue, Hidetomo Iwano
Bisphenol A (BPA) is among the better-known endocrine disruptors. BPA is used in various food-contacting materials and is easily eluted into food; as a result, we are exposed to BPA on a daily basis. In adults, BPA is metabolized and eliminated rapidly from the body. However, numerous reports suggest that fetuses and young children are susceptible to BPA. One of the concerning adverse effects of BPA is disruption of behavior, especially anxiety-like behavior. In order to study the mechanism of influences on offspring, it is important to clarify the most vulnerable gestation period...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#13
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331049/prenatal-maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-offspring-s-asthma-and-allergic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Catherine Flanigan, Aziz Sheikh, Audrey DunnGalvin, Bronwyn K Brew, Catarina Almqvist, Bright I Nwaru
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress may influence offspring's atopic risk through sustained cortisol secretion resulting from activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-axis (HPA), leading to Th2-biased cell differentiation in the fetus. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the relationship between prenatal maternal psychosocial stress and risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases from 1960 to 2016, search the grey literature, and contacted experts in the field...
January 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325791/the-therapeutic-effects-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-an-update-from-the-national-academies-of-sciences-engineering-and-medicine-report
#15
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine conducted a rapid turn-around comprehensive review of recent medical literature on The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. The 16-member committee adopted the key features of a systematic review process, conducting an extensive search of relevant databases and considered 10,000 recent abstracts to determine their relevance. Primacy was given to recently published systematic reviews and primary research that studied one of the committee's 11 prioritized health endpoints- therapeutic effects; cancer incidence; cardiometabolic risk; respiratory disease; immune function; injury and death; prenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes; psychosocial outcomes; mental health; problem Cannabis use; and Cannabis use and abuse of other substances...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317066/an-exploration-of-the-hypothesis-that-testosterone-is-implicated-in-the-psychological-functioning-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#16
J A Barry, F Qu, P J Hardiman
One of the diagnostic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is elevation of the androgen, testosterone. It is known that women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from psychological problems, especially anxiety and depression, than other women. However, little is known of how much of this is due to testosterone, and if so, what the mechanism(s) might be. This study explores the hypothesis that testosterone impacts women with PCOS both directly and indirectly, via testosterone currently in the bloodstream and through prenatal exposure...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316996/a-randomised-trial-of-early-palliative-care-for-maternal-stress-in-infants-prenatally-diagnosed-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease
#17
Hayley S Hancock, Ken Pituch, Karen Uzark, Priya Bhat, Carly Fifer, Maria Silveira, Sunkyung Yu, Suzanne Welch, Janet Donohue, Ray Lowery, Ranjit Aiyagari
Children with single-ventricle disease experience high mortality and complex care. In other life-limiting childhood illnesses, paediatric palliative care may mitigate maternal stress. We hypothesised that early palliative care in the single-ventricle population may have the same benefit for mothers. In this pilot randomised trial of early palliative care, mothers of infants with prenatal single-ventricle diagnoses completed surveys measuring depression, anxiety, coping, and quality of life at a prenatal visit and neonatal discharge...
January 10, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280190/paediatricians-expectations-and-perspectives-regarding-genetic-testing-for-children-with-developmental-disorders
#18
Isabelle Tremblay, Anne-Marie Laberge, Dominique Cousineau, Lionel Carmant, Anita Rowan, Annie Janvier
AIM: Investigate paediatricians' expectations and perspectives of genetic testing for children with developmental disorders. METHODS: Paediatricians working in a developmental clinic were surveyed each time they ordered a chromosomal microarray (CMA) for a child with developmental disorders. Clinical charts were reviewed. Results were analysed using mixed methodology. RESULTS: Ninety-seven % (73/76) of surveys were completed. Pediatricians reported that 36% of parents had difficulties understanding genetic testing and that 40% seemed anxious...
December 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276976/behavioural-phenotypes-in-mice-after-prenatal-and-early-postnatal-exposure-to-intermediate-frequency-magnetic-fields
#19
Kajal Kumari, Hennariikka Koivisto, Capstick Myles, Naarala Jonne, Viluksela Matti, Tanila Heikki, Juutilainen Jukka
Electromagnetic fields are ubiquitous in the environment. Human exposure to intermediate frequency (IF) fields is increasing due to applications like electronic article surveillance systems, wireless power transfer, and induction heating cooking hobs. However, there are limited data on possible health effects of exposure to IF magnetic fields (MF). In the present study, we set out to assess cognitive and behavioural effects of IF MF in mice exposed during prenatal and early postnatal periods. Pregnant female mice were exposed continuously to 7...
December 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246185/early-life-adversity-and-long-term-neurobehavioral-outcomes-epigenome-as-a-bridge
#20
REVIEW
Alexander M Vaiserman, Alexander K Koliada
Accumulating evidence suggests that adversities at critical periods in early life, both pre- and postnatal, can lead to neuroendocrine perturbations, including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysregulation and inflammation persisting up to adulthood. This process, commonly referred to as biological embedding, may cause abnormal cognitive and behavioral functioning, including impaired learning, memory, and depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors, as well as neuropsychiatric outcomes in later life. Currently, the regulation of gene activity by epigenetic mechanisms is suggested to be a key player in mediating the link between adverse early-life events and adult neurobehavioral outcomes...
December 16, 2017: Human Genomics
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