keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prenatal anxiety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230862/patient-perspectives-on-loss-of-local-obstetrical-services-in-rural-northern-minnesota
#1
Jennifer Pearson, Kale Siebert, Samantha Carlson, Nathan Ratner
BACKGROUND: Obstetrical care has been declining in rural communities. We examined patient choices and perspectives from two rural northern Minnesota communities who lost their local obstetrical services in July 2015. Our purpose was to characterize obstetrical use patterns through the years leading to and following the closure and to explore the effects of the closure on these communities. METHODS: Information introducing the project and providing access to the survey was mailed to women who received prenatal care in the communities of interest...
December 12, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227584/npas4-deficiency-and-prenatal-stress-interact-to-affect-social-recognition-in-mice
#2
Kelsey Heslin, Laurence Coutellier
Neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia have an expansive array of reported genetic and environmental contributing factors. However, none of these factors alone can account for a substantial proportion of cases of either disorder. Instead, many gene-by-environment interactions are responsible for neurodevelopmental disturbances that lead to these disorders. The current experiment used heterozygous knock-out mice to examine a potential interaction between two factors commonly linked to neurodevelopmental disorders and cognitive deficit: imbalanced excitatory/inhibitory signaling in the cortex and prenatal stress (PNS) exposure...
December 11, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223750/choosing-pre-conception-planning-for-women-families-counselling-and-informed-consent-part-2-pre-conception-reproductive-planning-lifestyle-immunization-and-psychosocial-issues
#3
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for reproductive planning, lifestyle modification, immunization status and attitudes, and psychosocial issues. OPTIONS: This counselling information can be used for patient education and planning and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow for improved risk assessment when pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families is used...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223527/low-doses-of-prenatal-ethanol-exposure-and-maternal-separation-alter-hpa-axis-function-and-ethanol-consumption-in-adult-male-rats
#4
F Biggio, G Talani, V Locci, M G Pisu, G Boero, B Ciarlo, D R Grayson, M Serra
Adverse maternal behaviors during pregnancy and unfavorable postnatal experiences during development are associated with an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders, as well as, a vulnerability to alcohol addiction in adulthood. Here, we examined the effects of combined ethanol exposure during late pregnancy and postnatal maternal separation (MS) on HPA responsiveness, anxiety behavior and preference for alcohol consumption in adult male rats. Animals exposed to both conditions revealed a decrease in blood levels of allopregnanolone accompanied by increased anxiety behavior...
December 6, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221334/minimally-invasive-multi-disciplinary-approach-for-surgical-management-of-a-mediastinal-congenital-bronchogenic-cyst-in-a-6-month-old-infant
#5
Xiao-Hua Li, Tao Zhang, Sheng Wang, Biao-Chuan He, Xue-Ning Yang, Wen-Zhao Zhong, Ji-Mei Chen
We present a case of prenatal diagnosis of a mediastinal cyst by ultrasound, confirmed during infancy through computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A 6-month-old male infant was admitted to the hospital. A mid-mediastinal cyst was detected through a province-wide fetal ultrasonography screening program. During the infancy stage, the CT scan and the MRI confirmed the finding of a mediastinal cyst. Based on the findings on prenatal ultrasonography and postnatal imaging studies (CT, MRI), a benign mediastinal cyst was suspected...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205599/postnatal-separation-prevents-the-development-of-prenatal-stress-induced-anxiety-in-association-with-changes-in-estrogen-receptor-and-oxytocin-immunoreactivity-in-female-mandarin-vole-microtus-mandarinus-offspring
#6
Fengqin He, Zijian Wang, Guanlin Guo
Estrogen has both anxiogenic and anxiolytic effects because of variation in opposing action on alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) estrogen receptors in the medial preoptic area (mPOA), bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and medial amygdala (MeA). Oxytocin (OT) reverses some of the anxiogenic effects of estrogen in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON). Because anxiety disorders are twice as common in women as in men, and estrogen and OT are more important in females, we examined interactions between prenatal restraint stress (GS) and postnatal early short-term maternal separation (MS) and female mandarin vole behavior, estrogen receptors and OT...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203227/behaviour-of-adult-5-ht1a-receptor-knockout-mice-exposed-to-stress-during-prenatal-development
#7
Veronika Kiryanova, Victoria M Smith, Michael C Antle, Richard H Dyck
Chronic maternal stress during pregnancy can have long-term, detrimental consequences for the offspring. An understanding of the mechanisms responsible for mediating these effects is essential for devising therapeutic interventions. Here, we examined whether serotonin 1A receptor (5-HT1AR) mediates the effects of maternal stress on the behavioural outcomes of the offspring as adults. Heterozygous (HET) mouse dams were bred with HET males and were randomly assigned to stress or control groups. Pregnant dams in the stress group were exposed to a regime of chronic unpredictable stress from embryonic day 7 to 18...
December 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191579/prenatal-stress-increases-adult-vulnerability-to-cocaine-reward-without-affecting-pubertal-anxiety-or-novelty-response
#8
Verónica Pastor, María Eugenia Pallarés, Marta C Antonelli
Prenatal stress (PS) induces long-lasting molecular alterations in brain circuits of the offspring and increases the propensity to develop neuropsychiatric diseases during adulthood, including mood disorders and drug addiction. A major goal of this study was to assess the impact of PS on pubertal behaviour and adult vulnerability to cocaine-induced conditioning place preference (CPP). We therefore evaluated pubertal novelty response and anxiety-like behaviour in control (C) and PS rats, and then, we examined cocaine-induced CPP in those animals during adulthood...
November 27, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186532/loss-of-offspring-peg3-reduces-neonatal-ultrasonic-vocalisations-and-increases-maternal-anxiety-in-wild-type-mothers
#9
G I McNamara, H D J Creeth, D J Harrison, K E Tansey, R M Andrews, A R Isles, R M John
Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health conditions during pregnancy and can impair the normal development of mother-infant interactions. These adversities are associated with low birth weight and increased risk of behavioural disorders in children. We recently reported reduced expression of the imprinted gene PATERNALLY EXPRESSED GENE 3 (PEG3) in placenta of human infants born to depressed mothers. Expression of Peg3 in brain has previously been linked maternal behaviour in rodents, at least in some studies, with mutant dams neglecting their pups...
November 24, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186413/antenatal-paternal-adjustment-and-paternal-attitudes-after-infertility-treatment
#10
T M Pinto, C Samorinha, I Tendais, S Silva, B Figueiredo
STUDY QUESTION: Do mode of conception [ART versus Natural (NC)] and depression have an interactive effect on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Depression increased the negative effect of ART on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes, specifically on antenatal marital relationship satisfaction. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Research on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes after ART is scarce and has produced inconsistent results...
November 24, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183765/developmental-expression-of-anxiety-and-depressive-behaviours-after-prenatal-predator-exposure-and-early-life-homecage-enhancement
#11
Amanda Green, Michael J Esser, Tara S Perrot
Stressful events during gestation can have sex-specific effects on brain and behavior, and may contribute to some of the differences observed in adult stress responding and psychopathology. We investigated the impact of a novel repeated prenatal psychological stress (prenatal predator exposure - PPS) during the last week of gestation in rats on offspring behaviours related to social interaction (play behaviour), open field test (OFT), forced swim test (FST) and sucrose preference test (SP) during the juvenile period and in adulthood...
November 25, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171010/prenatal-exposure-to-ketamine-in-rats-implications-on-animal-models-of-schizophrenia
#12
Carlos M Coronel-Oliveros, Renny Pacheco-Calderón
Schizophrenia is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, anhedonia, flat affect and cognitive impairments. The aim of this study was to propose a prenatal treatment with ketamine, a psychedelic drug that acts as a non-competitive inhibitor of glutamate NMDA receptors, as a neurodevelopmental animal model of schizophrenia. The drug was applied (i.m. 60 mg.kg(-1)  h(-1) ) in pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats on gestational Day 14. Offspring behavior was studied on pubertal (4 weeks old) and adult (10 weeks old) stages...
November 24, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164970/a-feasibility-study-of-trauma-sensitive-obstetric-care-for-low-income-ethno-racial-minority-pregnant-abuse-survivors
#13
N R Stevens, T A Lillis, L Wagner, V Tirone, S E Hobfoll
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of an integrated (psychological and obstetric) intervention for pregnant abuse survivors with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) from low-income, ethno-racial minority backgrounds. METHODS: Trauma-sensitive obstetrics to promote control, anxiety-reduction and empowerment (TO-CARE) offers cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) coping skills delivered over six sessions by therapists, coupled with trauma-sensitive obstetric care from specially-trained obstetric physicians...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163165/the-modulatory-properties-of-chronic-antidepressant-drugs-treatment-on-the-brain-chemokine-chemokine-receptor-network-a-molecular-study-in-an-animal-model-of-depression
#14
Ewa Trojan, Joanna Ślusarczyk, Katarzyna Chamera, Katarzyna Kotarska, Katarzyna Głombik, Marta Kubera, Agnieszka Basta-Kaim
An increasing number of studies indicate that the chemokine system may be the third major communication system of the brain. Therefore, the role of the chemokine system in the development of brain disorders, including depression, has been recently proposed. However, little is known about the impact of the administration of various antidepressant drugs on the brain chemokine - chemokine receptor axis. In the present study, we used an animal model of depression based on the prenatal stress procedure. We determined whether chronic treatment with tianeptine, venlafaxine, or fluoxetine influenced the evoked by prenatal stress procedure changes in the mRNA and protein levels of the homeostatic chemokines, CXCL12 (SDF-1α), CX3CL1 (fractalkine) and their receptors, in the hippocampus and frontal cortex...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162172/cumulative-prenatal-exposure-to-adversity-reveals-associations-with-a-broad-range-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-that-are-moderated-by-a-novel-biologically-informed-polygenetic-score-based-on-the-serotonin-transporter-solute-carrier-family-c6-member-4-slc6a4
#15
Patrícia P Silveira, Irina Pokhvisneva, Carine Parent, Shirong Cai, Anu Sathyan Sathyapalan Rema, Birit F P Broekman, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Michael Pluess, Kieran J O'Donnell, Michael J Meaney
While many studies focus on the association between early life adversity and the later risk for psychopathology, few simultaneously explore diverse forms of environmental adversity. Moreover, those studies that examined the cumulative impact of early life adversity focus uniquely on postnatal influences. The objective of this study was to focus on the fetal period of development to construct and validate a cumulative prenatal adversity score in relation to a wide range of neurodevelopmental outcomes. We also examined the interaction of this adversity score with a biologically informed genetic score based on the serotonin transporter gene...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162171/positive-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-associated-with-specific-forms-of-adaptive-development-in-early-childhood-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Desiree Y Phua, Michelle K Z L Kee, Dawn X P Koh, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Mary Daniels, Helen Chen, Yap Seng Chong, Birit F P Broekman, Iliana Magiati, Neerja Karnani, Michael Pluess, Michael J Meaney
The quality of prenatal maternal mental health, from psychological stress and depressive symptoms to anxiety and other nonpsychotic mental disorders, profoundly affects fetal neurodevelopment. Despite the evidence for the influence of positive mental well-being on health, there is, to our knowledge, no research examining the possible effects of positive antenatal mental health on the development of the offspring. Using exploratory bifactor analysis, this prospective study (n = 1,066) demonstrated the feasibility of using common psychiatric screening tools to examine the effect of positive maternal mental health...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122228/-depressive-symptoms-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-high-complexity-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-a-critical-care-obstetric-unit-in-cali-colombia
#17
Ana María Guerra, Diana María Dávalos Pérez, Alejandro Castillo Martínez
Depression is the main cause of years lossed due to disability in the world, and it affects 50% more women 50% than men. Perinatal depression has been linked with more anxiety, a chronic course, and disability than depression in other life stages. In spite of its high prevalence and serious health effects on both mother and foetus, it is frequently under-diagnosed. This study was performed on all high risk obstetric patients admitted to a critical care obstetric unit in Cali, Colombia, from January to June, 2014...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116368/n-acetyl-cysteine-reverses-bio-behavioural-changes-induced-by-prenatal-inflammation-adolescent-methamphetamine-exposure-and-combined-challenges
#18
Twanette Swanepoel, Marisa Möller, Brian Herbert Harvey
RATIONALE: Schizophrenia is associated with prenatal inflammation and/or postnatal stressors such as drug abuse, resulting in immune-redox dysfunction. Antioxidants may offer therapeutic benefits. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) as a therapeutic antioxidant to reverse schizophrenia-like bio-behavioural changes in rats exposed to maternal immune activation (MIA), adolescent methamphetamine (MA) or a combination thereof...
November 8, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107787/marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-trends-and-correlates-among-married-and-unmarried-pregnant-women
#19
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Diana M DiNitto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While recent evidence indicates increases in marijuana use among adult women in the United States (US), important questions remain with respect to marijuana use during pregnancy. This study examines trends and correlates of prenatal marijuana use and the effects of marijuana-specific risk/protective factors on marijuana use trends using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data were derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014), a nationally representative survey that included 3640 married and 3987 unmarried pregnant women in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100173/maternal-prenatal-stress-and-placental-gene-expression-of-nr3c1-and-hsd11b2-the-effects-of-maternal-ethnicity
#20
Lauren E Capron, Paul G Ramchandani, Vivette Glover
BACKGROUND: Prenatal stress is associated with altered fetal and infant development. Previous studies have suggested that these effects may be mediated in part via altered functioning of placental enzymes and receptors involved in the HPA-axis, including the glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) and HSD11B2, the enzyme which metabolises cortisol. However, previous studies have not examined the potential ethnicity effects on these associations. This study aimed to characterise the association between maternal prenatal stress and placental genes expression and subsequently, any potential effect of maternal ethnicity...
October 26, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
keyword
keyword
59689
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"