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Prenatal anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319354/when-joy-turns-to-anxiety-parental-experience-with-counselling-after-prenatal-diagnosis-of-congenital-anomaly
#1
EDITORIAL
Nathalie R Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316272/prenatal-noise-and-restraint-stress-interact-to-alter-exploratory-behavior-and-balance-in-juvenile-rats-and-mixed-stress-reverses-these-effects
#2
Soumeya Badache, Slim Bouslama, Oualid Brahmia, Abdel Madjid Baïri, Abdel Krim Tahraoui, Ali Ladjamaa
We aimed to investigate in adolescent rats the individual and combined effects of prenatal noise and restraint stress on balance control, exploration, locomotion and anxiety behavior. Three groups of pregnant rats were exposed to daily repeated stress from day 11 to day 19 of pregnancy: 3 min noise (Noise Stress, NS); 10 min restraint (Restraint Stress, RS); or 3 min noise followed by 10 min restraint (Mixed Stress, MS). On postnatal days (PND) 44, 45 and 46, four groups of male rats (Control, NS, RS:, MS; 16 rats each), were tested as follows: 1) Beam walking (BW), 2) Open Field (OF), and 3) Elevated plus maze (EPM)...
March 19, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302658/analysis-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-caretaking-on-the-parents-of-an-infant-with-severe-congenital-heart-defect
#3
Jessica Lazar, Mark Justin Hylarides
This case report considers the psychosocial burden of caring for an infant with a severe congenital heart defect (CHD) on parents. Improved prenatal diagnostics and postnatal surgical intervention have created a new and increasing demographic of children and adults with CHDs that require lifelong medical care. For this reason, primary caregivers spend excessive amounts of time in hospitals and medical facilities, and must regularly decipher vast amounts of unfamiliar medical terminology and concepts with varying levels of assistance from medical personnel...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288806/effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-wifi-signal-2-45ghz-on-postnatal-development-and-behavior-in-rat-influence-of-maternal-restraint
#4
Haifa Othman, Mohamed Ammari, Mohsen Sakly, Hafedh Abdelmelek
The present study was carried out to investigate the potential combined influence of maternal restraint stress (and 2.45GHz WiFi signal exposure on postnatal development and behavior in the offspring of exposed rats. 24 pregnant albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups: Control, WiFi-exposed, restrained and both WiFi-exposed and restrained groups. Each of WiFi exposure and restraint occurred 2h/day along gestation till parturition. The pups were evaluated for physical development and neuromotor maturation...
March 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287019/effect-of-prenatal-restraint-stress-and-morphine-co-administration-on-plasma-vasopressin-concentration-and-anxiety-behaviors-in-adult-rat-offspring
#5
Elnaz Nakhjiri, Ehsan Saboory, Shiva Roshan-Milani, Yousef Rasmi, Davod Khalafkhani
Stressful events and exposure to opiates during gestation have important effects on the later mental health of the offspring. Anxiety is among the most common mental disorders. The present study aimed to identify effects of prenatal restraint stress and morphine co-administration on plasma vasopressin concentration (PVC) and anxiety behaviors in rats. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups (n = 6, each): saline, morphine, stress+saline and stress+morphine treatment. The stress procedure consisted of restraint twice per day, two hours per session, for three consecutive days starting on day 15 of pregnancy...
March 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287005/effects-of-prenatal-music-stimulation-on-state-trait-anxiety-in-full-term-pregnancy-and-its-influence-on-childbirth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
J García González, M I Ventura Miranda, M Requena Mullor, T Parron Carreño, R Alarcón Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Many researchers have pointed out the strong relationship between maternal psychological well-being and fetal welfare during pregnancy. The impact of music interventions during pregnancy should be examined in depth, as they could have an impact on stress reduction, not only during pregnancy but also during the course of delivery, and furthermore induce fetal awareness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of music on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of music on the birthing process...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264638/to-ignore-or-not-to-ignore-placental-calcifications-on-prenatal-ultrasound-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Fadi G Mirza, Labib M Ghulmiyyah, Hani Tamim, Maha Makki, Dima Jeha, Anwar Nassar
OBJECTIVE: The human placenta is known to calcify with advancing gestational age, and, in fact, the presence of significant calcifications is one of the components of grade III placenta, typical of late gestation. As such, the presence of significant placental calcifications often prompts obstetric providers to expedite delivery. This practice has been attributed, in part, to the presumed association between grade III placenta and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Such approach, however, can be the source of major anxiety and may lead to unnecessary induction of labor, with its associated predisposition to cesarean delivery as well as a myriad of maternal and neonatal morbidities...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259732/prenatal-exposure-to-anxiolytic-and-hypnotic-medication-in-relation-to-behavioral-problems-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Maja R Radojčić, Hanan El Marroun, Branislava Miljković, Bruno H C Stricker, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Tonya White, Henning Tiemeier
Benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related medications (BBRMs) are anxiolytics and hypnotics acting on γ-amino butyric acid (GABA)A receptors. BBRMs are assumed to have a low potential for major congenital malformations, but research on more subtle and protracted developing symptoms of these medications is lacking. Therefore, we prospectively investigated the association between BBRM use in pregnancy and long-term effects on child behavior in a large population-based cohort study. The study population consisted of 104 children prenatally exposed to BBRM, 527 children exposed to maternal prenatal anxiety or phobic anxiety symptoms (without exposure to BBRM), and 5609 control children...
March 1, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245192/the-effect-of-attending-a-prenatal-childbirth-preparedness-course-on-labor-duration-and-outcomes
#9
David Yohai, Debi Alharar, Ruthi Cohen, Zohar Kaltian, Barak Aricha-Tamir, Saviona Ben Aion, Zehava Yohai, Adi Y Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of attending a prenatal childbirth preparation course (CPC) on labor duration and outcomes. METHODS: A cross sectional study of 53 primiparous women who attended and 54 women who did not attend a CPC was conducted. The state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) score was used to diagnose anxiety. Clinical and obstetrical data were collected from the perinatal database of our center. Through post-partum interviews, coping strategies were assessed, patients graded their childbirth experience and breastfeeding was evaluated...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241016/rapid-and-simultaneous-detection-of-common-aneuploidies-by-quadruplex-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-combined-with-melting-curve-analysis
#10
Jiwu Lou, Manna Sun, Ying Zhao, Zhisong Ji, Fenghua Liu, Dongzhi Li, Wanfang Xu, Yangyang Lin, Yanhui Liu
BACKGROUND: During the prenatal period, the number variation of chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y accounts for more than 80% of the clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities diagnosed. Rapid tests for prenatal diagnosis of these abnormalities can improve pregnancy management and alleviate parental anxiety. Here, we present a molecular alternative method for detecting common aneuploidies. METHODS: This method is based on co-amplification of segmental duplications located on two different chromosomes using a single pair of primers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229104/prenatal-stressors-in-rodents-effects-on-behavior
#11
REVIEW
Marta Weinstock
The current review focuses on studies in rodents published since 2008 and explores possible reasons for any differences they report in the effects of gestational stress on various types of behavior in the offspring. An abundance of experimental data shows that different maternal stressors in rodents can replicate some of the abnormalities in offspring behavior observed in humans. These include, anxiety, in juvenile and adult rats and mice, assessed in the elevated plus maze and open field tests and depression, detected in the forced swim and sucrose-preference tests...
February 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223149/long-term-behavioral-change-as-a-result-of-acute-ethanol-exposure-in-zebrafish-evidence-for-a-role-for-sonic-hedgehog-but-not-retinoic-acid-signaling
#12
Derek F Burton, Chengjin Zhang, Oswald Boa-Amponsem, Shanta Mackinnon, Gregory J Cole
BACKGROUND: Developmental exposure to ethanol is recognized to produce long-term neurobehavioral impairment in multiple animal models. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these deficits remain poorly understood. The present study was undertaken to ascertain whether two well-characterized targets of prenatal alcohol exposure, sonic hedgehog (Shh) and retinoic acid (RA), that induce the hallmark morphological phenotypes of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), are involved in the generation of behavioral alterations as a result of alcohol exposure...
February 20, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219626/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-and-fetal-neonatal-growth
#13
Tiago Miguel Pinto, Filipa Caldas, Cristina Nogueira-Silva, Bárbara Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depression and anxiety have been found to negatively affect fetal and neonatal growth. However, the independent effects of maternal depression and anxiety on fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze simultaneously the effects of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety on (1) neonatal growth outcomes, and (2), on fetal-neonatal growth trajectories, from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth. METHODS: A sample of 172 women was recruited and completed self-reported measures of depression and anxiety during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, and at childbirth...
February 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197749/the-effect-of-life-style-based-education-on-the-fathers-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-periods-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Fovzieh Sanaati
Due to the harmful effects of prenatal and postnatal anxiety and depression on fathers, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of lifestyle-based training on paternal depression and anxiety (primary outcomes) during the prenatal and postnatal periods. This single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 126 spouses of pregnant women with gestational ages of 24-28 weeks. They were followed up until 6 weeks after childbirth. Using the block randomization method and stratified based on the number of children, the eligible samples were divided into two groups (one receiving two weekly group lifestyle-based training session (lasting 60-90 min) and a control group)...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192175/increased-anxiety-like-phenotype-in-female-guinea-pigs-following-reduced-neurosteroid-exposure-in-utero
#15
Angela L Cumberland, Hannah K Palliser, Gabrielle K Crombie, David W Walker, Jonathan J Hirst
Neurosteroids are essential for aiding proper fetal neurodevelopment. Pregnancy compromises such as preterm birth, prenatal stress and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with an increased risk of developing behavioural and mood disorders, particularly during adolescence. These pathologies involve the premature loss or alteration of trophic steroid hormones reaching the fetus leading to impaired neurodevelopment. While the specific programming mechanisms are yet to be fully elucidated, in adult life, dysfunctions of allopregnanolone action are prevalent in individuals with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety disorders...
May 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187401/a-preliminary-study-to-assess-the-impact-of-maternal-age-on-stress-related-variables-in-healthy-nulliparous-women
#16
Ana García-Blanco, Alberto Monferrer, Jorge Grimaldos, David Hervás, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Vicente Diago, Máximo Vento, Consuelo Cháfer-Pericás
PURPOSE: Childbearing age has progressively increased in industrialized countries. The impact of this delay on motherhood, however, requires further research. METHODS: The study sample included a prospective cohort of healthy nulliparous pregnant women aged between 18 and 40 years (n=148) assessed at 38 weeks gestation (Time#1, T1), 48h after birth (Time#2, T2), and 3 months after birth (Time#3, T3). The effect of age on psychological, biological, and social variables was evaluated...
January 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178022/the-impact-of-essential-fatty-acid-b-vitamins-vitamin-c-magnesium-and-zinc-supplementation-on-stress-levels-in-women-a-systematic-review
#17
Delia McCabe, Karolina Lisy, Craig Lockwood, Marc Colbeck
BACKGROUND: Women juggling multiple roles in our complex society are increasingly experiencing psychological stress. Dietary supplementation to manage stress is widespread despite limited supporting evidence. A systematic review of the available literature was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of specific dietary supplements in managing female stress and anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of essential fatty acids (EFAs), B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and/or zinc, consumed as dietary supplements to the daily diet, on female stress and anxiety levels...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152450/maternal-attachment-style-and-psychiatric-history-as-independent-predictors-of-mood-symptoms-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period
#18
Roberta Croce Nanni, Alfonso Troisi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that both a past history of psychiatric illness and insecure attachment put women at risk for mood disturbances in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether maternal insecure attachment is a risk factor for mood symptoms in the immediate postpartum period independently of the confounding effect of maternal psychiatric history. METHODS: A convenience sample of 120 mothers was assessed prenatally with the Maternal History of Mood Disturbances (MHMD), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), and in the first week after delivery with the Profile of Mood States (POMS)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148230/specialist-antenatal-clinics-for-women-at-high-risk-of-preterm-birth-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-research
#19
Reem Malouf, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Women with previous prenatal loss are at higher risk of preterm birth. A specialist antenatal clinic is considered as one approach to improve maternity and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review of quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies conducted on women at high risk of preterm birth (PTB). The review primary outcomes were to report on the specialist antenatal clinics effect in preventing or reducing preterm birth, perinatal mortality and morbidity and women's perceptions and experiences of a specialist clinic whether compared or not compared with standard antenatal care...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145992/different-effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-erk2-creb-bcl-2-expression-in-the-hippocampus-and-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-adult-offspring-rats
#20
Zeen Zhu, Hongli Sun, Xiaojie Gong, Hui Li
It has become increasingly evident that prenatal stress and its psychological and physiological concomitants are associated with the pathophysiology of mood disorders. However, the mechanisms underlying the prenatal stress-induced offspring's anxiety disorders remain unknown. We recently reported that prenatal stress enhanced anxiety-like behavior in adult offspring rat, and involved N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits, including NR1 and NR2A. In the present research, using the same prenatal stress model, we measured the ERK2/CREB/Bcl-2 mRNA levels by real-time PCR...
January 31, 2017: Neuroreport
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