keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plant pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628020/-study-of-cytotoxic-activity-of-methanol-extracts-of-the-endemic-plant-of-the-genus-erysimum-of-the-adjarian-floristic-district-of-georgia
#1
D Beridze, M Metreveli, M Joxadze, K Bakuridze, D Berashvili, A Bakuridze
According to the results, investigated methanolic extracts of endemic plant from Adjarian floristic region of Georgia do not have specific cytotoxicity against the cell lines of breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 human, which is typical, e.g., for plant pigment curcumin. At the same time, the high specific cytotoxicity of 2 and 3 fractions towards keratinocytes gives reason for considering endemic plant extracts, of Adjarian floristic region of Georgia, as a potential pharmacological means for topical treatment of pathologies caused by increased proliferation of keratinocytes, such as psoriasis...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622708/pharmacokinetic-comparison-of-two-phenolic-acids-after-oral-administration-of-typhae-pollen-to-normal-rats-and-rats-with-acute-cold-blood-stasis
#2
Yingni Pan, Wenjie Zhang, Wei Zhang, Xuewei Bai, Shumeng Ren, Jiang Zheng, Dongmei Wang, Xiaoqiu Liu
Typhae Pollen (TP), dried pollen of Typha angustifolia L., Typha orientalis Presl or other plants of the same genus (Typhaeceae), has effect of activating the circulation to cure blood stasis in traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The purpose of this study was to set up an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method that could determine p-hydroxybenzoic acid and vanillic acid simultaneously in rat plasma, and to compare their pharmacokinetics in normal rats and rats with acute cold blood stasis, and further to investigate the influence of different dosages of oral administration...
June 16, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618131/pharmacognosy-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-achillea-millefolium-l-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Sofi Imtiyaz Ali, B Gopalakrishnan, V Venkatesalu
Achillea millefoilum L. (Yarrow) is an important species of Asteraceae family with common utilization in traditional medicine of several cultures from Europe to Asia for the treatment of spasmodic gastrointestinal disorders, hepatobiliary, gynecological disorders, against inflammation and for wound healing. An extensive review of literature was made on A. millefoilum L. using ethno botanical text books, published articles in peer-reviewed journals, unpublished materials and scientific databases. The Plant List, International Plant Name Index and Kew Botanical Garden databases were used to authenticate the scientific names...
June 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617260/pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-in-southern-italy-a-5-years-study
#4
Gianmarco Troiano, Nicola Nante, Guglielmo Lucio Citarelli
INTRODUCTION: Baropodometrical digital techniques map the pressures exerted on the foot plant during both static and dynamic loadings. The study of the distribution of such pressures makes it possible to evaluate the postural and locomotory biomechanics together with its pathological variations. METHODS: From January 2011 to August 2016 we conducted a cross sectional study in order to diagnose flatfoot and hollowfoot through the baropodometric analysis, and collecting additional information such as gender and the age...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614812/the-discovery-of-water-channels-aquaporins
#5
Dennis Brown
The movement of water into and out of cells is a fundamental biological process that is essential for life. Such water movement not only regulates the activity of individual cells but also is responsible for the functioning of many organ systems and for maintaining whole body water balance. It had long been suspected that water movement across biological cell membranes was in some way enhanced or facilitated by pores or channels, but the search to identify these channels was long and tedious. As is often the case in science, the secret of the water channel was eventually discovered by chance in 1992 by Peter Agre and his colleagues at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, who were working on red blood cell membrane proteins...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611658/neuroprotective-and-anti-aging-potentials-of-essential-oils-from-aromatic-and-medicinal-plants
#6
REVIEW
Muhammad Ayaz, Abdul Sadiq, Muhammad Junaid, Farhat Ullah, Fazal Subhan, Jawad Ahmed
The use of essential oils (EOs) and their components is known since long in traditional medicine and aromatherapy for the management of various diseases, and is further increased in the recent times. The neuroprotective and anti-aging potentials of EOs and their possible mechanism of actions were evaluated by numerous researchers around the globe. Several clinically important EOs and their components from Nigella sativa, Acorus gramineus, Lavandula angustifolia, Eucalyptus globulus, Mentha piperita, Rosmarinus officinalis, Jasminum sambac, Piper nigrum and so many other plants are reported for neuroprotective effects...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608141/triterpenoids-principle-of-wedelia-calendulacea-attenuated-diethynitrosamine-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-down-regulating-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-pathology-via-nf-kb-pathway
#7
Amita Verma, Deepika Singh, Firoz Anwar, Prakash Chandra Bhatt, Fahad Al-Abbasi, Vikas Kumar
The aerial part of Wedelia calendulacea have been used in Ayurveda, Unani, Tibetan, Siddha and other folk medicine systems to protect the liver and renal tissue. Liver is considered as primary metabolizing site of body, which is prone to damage by endogenous and exogenous toxicants. A reason for liver toxicity, and major causes of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 19-α-Hydroxyurs-12(13)-ene-28 oic acid-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (HEG), a triterpenoids found in the higher plants, has been known to possess protective effect against various toxicants...
June 12, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603122/chromatographic-fractionation-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activities-of-urginea-maritima-methanolic-extract
#8
Oum Elkheir Belhaddad, Noureddine Charef, Samra Amamra, Fatima Zerargui, Abderrahmane Baghiani, Seddik Khennouf, Lekhmici Arrar
The present work concerns a phytochemical study of Urginea maritima L. from Algeria, and an evaluation of antioxidant activity of the methanolic extract (UMME) and its chromatographic fractions. UMME was fractionated using open glass chromatography on silica gel and antioxidant effects were evaluated using DPPH and β-carotene/linoleate assays. The phytochemical screening revealed that the bulb of plant contains flavonoids, glycosides, tannins, reducing compounds, anthraquinones combined, anthocyanins, mucilage, triterpenes and steroids...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602857/current-health-risk-assessment-practice-for-dietary-cadmium-data-from-different-countries
#9
REVIEW
Soisungwan Satarug, David A Vesey, Glenda C Gobe
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant with high rates of soil-to-plant transference. This makes exposure to Cd through the food-chain contamination a public health concern. Cd accumulates in kidneys, and the most frequently reported adverse effect of long-term Cd intake is injury to kidneys. The FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives established a tolerable dietary intake level and a threshold to safeguard population health. The FAO/WHO tolerable intake was set at 25 μg per kg body weight per month (58 μg per day for a 70-kg person) with urinary Cd threshold at 5...
June 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602271/animal-microbial-and-fungal-borne-skin-pathology-in-the-mountain-wilderness-a-review
#10
REVIEW
William E Brandenburg, William Levandowski, Tom Califf, Cory Manly, Cecilia Blair Levandowski
Mountains are home to numerous organisms known to cause skin disease. Bites, stings, poisons, chemicals, toxins, trauma, and infections all contribute to this end. Numerous plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, viruses, and protozoa are responsible. This paper aims to review skin illness and injury sustained from organisms in the mountains of North America. Other factors such as increased ultraviolet radiation, temperature extremes, and decreasing atmospheric pressure along with human physiologic parameters, which contribute to disease severity, will also be discussed...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588301/protective-effects-of-gingerol-on-streptozotocin-induced-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease-emphasis-on-inhibition-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-cox-2-alpha-beta-secretases-and-aph1a
#11
Ali M El Halawany, Nesrine S El Sayed, Hossam M Abdallah, Riham Salah El Dine
Gingerol is a major dietary compound that occurs in several plants belonging to the Zingiberaceae family. In the current study, the protective effect of gingerol on STZ-induced sporadic Alzheimer's disease (SAD) was determined. Gingerol was isolated from the seeds of Aframomum melegueta K. Schum and tested at doses of 10 and 20 mg/kgbwt for its possible effect on the SAD model in mice, using celecoxib (30 mg/kg bwt) as a reference standard. The curative effects of gingerol were assessed through measurement of β-amyloid (Aβ-42), α-, β- secretases, APH1a and COX-2 levels...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587155/dietary-intervention-by-phytochemicals-and-their-role-in-modulating-coding-and-non-coding-genes-in-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Liviuta Budisan, Diana Gulei, Oana Mihaela Zanoaga, Alexandra Iulia Irimie, Chira Sergiu, Cornelia Braicu, Claudia Diana Gherman, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe
Phytochemicals are natural compounds synthesized as secondary metabolites in plants, representing an important source of molecules with a wide range of therapeutic applications. These natural agents are important regulators of key pathological processes/conditions, including cancer, as they are able to modulate the expression of coding and non-coding transcripts with an oncogenic or tumour suppressor role. These natural agents are currently exploited for the development of therapeutic strategies alone or in tandem with conventional treatments for cancer...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587078/morinda-citrifolia-linn-noni-and-its-potential-in-obesity-related-metabolic-dysfunction
#13
REVIEW
Aline Carla Inada, Priscila Silva Figueiredo, Rosângela Aparecida Dos Santos-Eichler, Karine de Cássia Freitas, Priscila Aiko Hiane, Alinne Pereira de Castro, Rita de Cássia Avellaneda Guimarães
Cultural and economic shifts in the early 19th century led to the rapid development of companies that made good profits from technologically-produced commodities. In this way, some habits changed in society, such as the overconsumption of processed and micronutrient-poor foods and devices that gave rise to a sedentary lifestyle. These factors influenced host-microbiome interactions which, in turn, mediated the etiopathogenesis of "new-era" disorders and diseases, which are closely related, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertension, and inflammatory bowel disease, which are characterized by chronic dysregulation of metabolic and immune processes...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579088/on-farm-conditions-that-compromise-animal-welfare-that-can-be-monitored-at-the-slaughter-plant
#14
REVIEW
Temple Grandin
Handling and stunning at slaughter plants has greatly improved through the use of numerical scoring. The purpose of this paper is to encourage the use of numerical scoring systems at the slaughter plants to assess conditions that compromise welfare that occurred either during transport or on the farm. Some of the transport problems that can be assessed are bruises, death losses, and injured animals. Welfare issues that occurred on the farm that can be assessed at the abattoir are body condition, lameness, lesions, injuries, animal cleanliness and internal pathology...
May 10, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576552/poisoning-in-goats-by-the-monofluoracetate-containing-plant-palicourea-aeneofusca-rubiaceae
#15
Temístocles Soares de Oliveira Neto, Franklin Riet-Correa, Stephen T Lee, Daniel Cook, Francisca Maria Sousa Barbosa, José Ferreira da Silva Neto, Sara Vilar Dantas Simões, Ricardo Barbosa Lucena
The epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of a spontaneous outbreak of Palicourea aeneofusca poisoning in goats are reported. The main clinical signs were motor incoordination, generalized muscle tremors, broad-based posture, tachypnea, tachycardia, vocalization and respiratory distress. Two goats died 5 and 20 min after the observation of the first clinical signs. Another that was found recumbent died 80 h later. One goat with mild clinical signs recovered. Congestion and hemorrhages were observed macroscopically and histologically in most organs...
May 31, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573222/the-biological-activities-of-moltkia-aurea-boiss-an-endemic-species-to-turkey
#16
Neslihan Balpinar, Gulten Okmen
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is the direct reason of mastitis. Mastitis is a disease characterized by pathological changes in mammary glands as well as physical, chemical, bacteriological changes in milk. This disease causes loses in milk yield and quality. In recent years, it is reported that mastitis pathogens have developed a resistance to antibiotics as a natural consequence of widespread use of it. Today's researches are focused on discovering and using new antibiotics against bacteria...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552505/non-nodulated-bacterial-leaf-symbiosis-promotes-the-evolutionary-success-of-its-host-plants-in-the-coffee-family-rubiaceae
#17
Brecht Verstraete, Steven Janssens, Nina Rønsted
Every plant species on Earth interacts in some way or another with microorganisms and it is well known that certain forms of symbiosis between different organisms can drive evolution. Within some clades of Rubiaceae (coffee family), a specific plant-bacteria interaction exists in which non-pathological endophytes are present in the leaves of their hosts. It is hypothesized that the bacterial endophytes, either alone or by interacting with the host, provide chemical protection against herbivory or pathogens by producing toxic or otherwise advantageous secondary metabolites...
May 25, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552269/reprint-of-the-non-mammalian-mif-superfamily
#18
REVIEW
Amanda Sparkes, Patrick De Baetselier, Kim Roelants, Carl De Trez, Stefan Magez, Jo A Van Ginderachter, Geert Raes, Richard Bucala, Benoît Stijlemans
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was first described as a cytokine 50 years ago, and emerged in mammals as a pleiotropic protein with pro-inflammatory, chemotactic, and growth-promoting activities. In addition, MIF has gained substantial attention as a pivotal upstream mediator of innate and adaptive immune responses and with pathologic roles in several diseases. Of less importance in mammals is an intrinsic but non-physiologic enzymatic activity that points to MIF's evolution from an ancient defense molecule...
June 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544038/supplementation-with-herbal-extracts-to-promote-behavioral-and-neuroprotective-effects-in-experimental-models-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ianara Mendonça da Costa, José Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti, Dinalva Brito de Queiroz, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Amália Cinthia Meneses do Rêgo, Irami Araújo Filho, Paulo Parente, Marco Antônio Botelho, Fausto Pierdoná Guzen
Parkinson's disease (PD) consists of a neurodegenerative pathology that has received a considerable amount of attention because of its clinical manifestations. The most common treatment consists of administering the drugs levodopa and biperiden, which reduce the effectiveness of the disease and the progress of its symptoms. However, phytotherapy treatment of PD has shown great potential in retarding the loss of dopaminergic neurons and minimizing the behavioral abnormalities. The aim of this study is to systematically review the use of supplemental herbal plants with cellular protective effect and behavioral activity in in vivo and in vitro experimental models...
May 22, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536379/plant-toxin-based-immunotoxins-for-cancer-therapy-a-short-overview
#20
REVIEW
Letizia Polito, Alice Djemil, Massimo Bortolotti
Immunotoxins are chimeric proteins obtained by linking a toxin to either an intact antibody or an antibody fragment. Conjugation can be obtained by chemical or genetic engineering, where the latter yields recombinant conjugates. An essential requirement is that the target molecule recognized by the antibody is confined to the cell population to be deleted, or at least that it is not present on stem cells or other cell types essential for the organism's survival. Hundreds of different studies have demonstrated the potential for applying immunotoxins to many models in pre-clinical studies and in clinical trials...
June 1, 2016: Biomedicines
keyword
keyword
59677
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"