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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934848/profiling-of-serum-metabolites-using-maldi-tof-and-triple-tof-mass-spectrometry-to-develop-a-screen-for-ovarian-cancer
#1
Jun Hwa Lee, Yun Hwan Kim, Kyung-Hee Kim, Jae Youl Cho, Sang Myung Woo, Byong Chul Yoo, Seung Cheol Kim
Purpose: We sought to develop a matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF)-based, ovarian cancer (OVC), low-mass-ion discriminant equation (LOME) and to evaluate a possible supportive role for triple-TOF mass analysis in identifying metabolic biomarkers. Materials and Methods: A total of 114 serum samples from patients with OVC and benign ovarian tumors were subjected to MALDI-TOF analysis and a total of 137 serum samples from healthy female individuals and patients with OVC, colorectal cancer, hepatobiliary cancer, and pancreatic cancer were subjected to triple-TOF analysis...
September 18, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934708/different-partition-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-on-environmental-particulates-in-freshwater-microplastics-in-comparison-to-natural-sediment
#2
Wenfeng Wang, Jun Wang
Microplastics pollution in the aquatic ecosystems has aroused increasing concerns in recent years. Though microplastics are known to sorb organic contaminants from water, the interaction mechanisms between microplastics and organic chemicals are not yet well understood. Here we investigated the partition characteristics of phenanthrene (Phe) in three mass-produced plastic particles, including polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS) and polyvinylchloride (PVC), and one natural sediment, as a comparison. The sorption kinetics of Phe onto microplastics and natural sediment were successfully described by the pseudo-second-order model (R(2) > 0...
September 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934660/antimicrobial-activity-of-some-natural-extracts-encapsulated-within-silica-matrices
#3
Alexandra Duprates Steiner, Alvaro Vargas, Nei Fronza, Adriano Brandelli, João Henrique Zimnoch Dos Santos
Natural extracts (anthocyanins, tannin, anatto, curcuma and olive leaf extracts) were encapsulated within a silica network by acid or base-catalyzed sol-gel methods. The nominal encapsulated contents were between 2.5 and 50wt.-%. The resulting materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance in the UV region, nitrogen adsorption/desorption porosimetry and small angle X-ray scattering. Encapsulated anthocyanin and tannin afforded inhibition zones between 9-21mm towards Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Candida sp...
September 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934029/comparative-proteomics-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-response-to-vancomycin-treatment
#4
Xiao-Yan Yang, Jing-Yu Xu, Qiu-Xia Wei, Xuesong Sun, Qing-Yu He
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a gram-positive pathogen that causes otitis media, pneumonia, meningitis, and other serious diseases. Vancomycin is one of the most important drugs currently used for the treatment of gram-positive bacterial infections, representing, importantly, the last line of defense against bacteria that have developed resistance to other antibiotics. While primary efforts of most investigations focused on the antibacterial mechanism of vancomycin, few studies have been performed to assess the tolerance mechanism of bacteria to vancomycin...
September 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933830/immobilized-cobalt-bis-benzenedithiolate-complexes-exceptionally-active-heterogeneous-electrocatalysts-for-dihydrogen-production-from-mildly-acidic-aqueous-solutions
#5
Shawn C Eady, Molly M MacInnes, Nicolai Lehnert
A series of cobalt bis(benzenedithiolate) complexes with varying benzenedithiolate (general abbreviation: bdt(2-)) ring substitutions (S2C6X4(2-)) were prepared and adsorbed on inexpensive electrodes composed of (a) reduced graphene oxide (RGO) electrodeposited on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) and (b) highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG). The catalyst-adsorbed electrodes are characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Catalyst loading across the ligand series improved notably with increasing halide substitution [from 2...
September 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933279/zinc-transporter-protein-tzn-1-may-also-play-a-role-in-conidiation-pathway-of-neurospora-crassa-an-insight-using-proteogenomic-approachusing-proteogenomic-approach
#6
Divya Rupa Venkata Pandala, Jogeswar Gadi, Kiranmayi Patnala
Zinc transporter (tzn-1) of Neurospora crassa plays a crucial role in conidiation pathway, as its removal results in aconidiation which was reported in our earlier studies. Present study depicts the role of tzn-1 in conidiation process, by comparing knockout (KO) mutants zinc transporter KO (Δtzn-1) and aconidiating gene KO (Δacon-3) with wild oak ridge (OR) 74 'A' strain by 'Proteo-genomic' approach. Firstly, nine commonly overexpressed protein spots from the two sets (Δtzn-1 to wild and Δacon-3 to wild) were analyzed by combining 2-Dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) with Matrix Associated Laser Desorption/Ionization mass spectrometry -Peptide Mass Fingerprint (MALDI-PMF)...
September 19, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929771/kinetic-and-thermodynamic-control-in-porphyrin-and-phthalocyanine-self-assembled-monolayers
#7
K W Hipps, Ursula Mazur
Porphyrins and phthalocyanines are ubiquitous in modern science and technology. Their stability, redox properties, and photoresponse make them candidates for numerous applications. Many of these applications rely on thin films, and these are critically dependent on the first monolayer. In this article, we focus on noncovalently bound self-assembled monolayers of porphyrins and phthalocyanines at the solution-solid interface with special emphasis on the kinetic and thermodynamic processes that define the films and their reaction chemistry...
September 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929162/interactions-and-stabilisation-of-acetone-sulfur-dioxide-and-water-with-1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium-tetrafluoroborate-omim-bf4-at-low-temperatures
#8
Matthew Buckley, Karen L Syres, Robert G Jones
The interactions between three small molecules, water (H2O), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and acetone ((CH3)2CO), with the ionic liquid (IL) 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, [OMIM][BF4], have been determined using line of sight temperature programmed desorption (LOSTPD) from a gold surface. Multilayers of the IL were deposited by physical vapour deposition with multilayers of the small molecular species (adsorbed from the gas phase) at 90 K. LOSTPD was then carried out with the small molecular species desorbing first from the mixed multilayer, followed at higher temperatures by desorption of the IL from the gold surface...
September 20, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927258/a-proteomics-based-approach-reveals-differential-regulation-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-proteins-between-metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-obese-patients
#9
Assim A Alfadda, Afshan Masood, Mohammed Y Al-Naami, Pierre Chaurand, Hicham Benabdelkamel
Obesity and the metabolic disorders that constitute metabolic syndrome are a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Nonetheless, the changes in the proteins and the underlying molecular pathways involved in the relevant pathogenesis are poorly understood.In this study a proteomic analysis of the visceral adipose tissue isolated from metabolically healthy and unhealthy obese patients was used to identify presence of altered pathway(s) leading to metabolic dysfunction. Samples were obtained from 18 obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and were subdivided into two groups based on the presence or absence of comorbidities as defined by the International Diabetes Federation...
September 20, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926914/temperature-and-ph-influence-adsorption-of-cellobiohydrolase-onto-lignin-by-changing-the-protein-properties
#10
Xianqin Lu, Can Wang, Xuezhi Li, Jian Zhao
Non-productive adsorption of cellulase onto lignin restricted the movement of cellulase and also hindered the cellulase recycling in bioconversion of lignocellulose. In this study, effect of temperature and pH on adsorption and desorption of cellobiohydrolase (CBH) on lignin and its possible mechanism were discussed. It found that pH value and temperature influenced the adsorption and desorption behaviors of CBH on lignin. Different thermodynamic models suggested that the action between lignin and CBH was physical action...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926810/revisiting-the-biogeochemistry-of-arsenic-in-the-baltic-sea-impact-of-anthropogenic-activity
#11
Lei Li, Christa Pohl, Jing-Ling Ren, Detlef Schulz-Bull, Xiu-Hong Cao, Günther Nausch, Jing Zhang
With the increase in anthropogenic environmental disruption, the behavior of arsenic in the Baltic Sea has received more scientific attention because of its complex forms and toxicity, and was re-visited to determine if there have been measurable changes recently. A cruise was conducted in 10-19 May 2011 to investigate the species and distribution of total dissolved inorganic arsenic (TDIAs: [TDIAs]=[As(V)]+[As(III)]) revealing links between the hydrographic dynamics and biological/chemical reactions in the Baltic Sea...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926806/simultaneous-removal-of-sulfides-and-benzene-in-fcc-gasoline-by-in-situ-hydrogenation-over-nilain-zro2-r-al2o3
#12
Lei Wang, Qian Liu, Chunyu Jing, Jiajia Yin, Nchare Mominou, Shuzhen Li
The ZrO2-r-Al2O3 composite was developed and co-modified with nickel, lanthanum and indium species by the impregnation method. A fixed-bed reactor was utilized to investigate the activity of the resulting catalysts in the removal of sulfides and benzene in fluid catalytic cracking gasoline. The resultant samples were characterized using XRD, TEM, XPS, TGA, H2-TPR, NH3-TPD and N2 adsorption/desorption techniques. XRD analysis indicated no agglomeration of Ni and La species, in good agreement with the TEM image...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925689/highly-efficient-capture-and-electrochemical-release-of-circulating-tumor-cells-by-using-aptamers-modified-gold-nanowire-arrays
#13
Ting-Ting Zhai, Dekai Ye, Qian-Wen Zhang, Zeng-Qiang Wu, Xing-Hua Xia
The effectively capturing and releasing of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is of significant importance in cancer prognose and treatment. Herein, we report a highly efficient method to capture and release human leukemic lymphoblasts (CCRF-CEM) using aptamers modified gold nanowire arrays (AuNWs). The gold nanowires, showing tunable morphologies from relatively random pillar deposit to uniform arrays, were fabricated by electrochemical deposition using anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) as template. Upon simply modification with aptamers by Au-S chemistry, the uniform AuNWs exhibit higher specificity to target cells...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925517/differences-in-protein-expression-among-five-species-of-stream-stonefly-plecoptera-along-a-latitudinal-gradient-in-japan
#14
Maribet Gamboa, Maria Claret Tsuchiya, Suguru Matsumoto, Hisato Iwata, Kozo Watanabe
Proteome variation among natural populations along an environmental gradient may provide insights into how the biological functions of species are related to their local adaptation. We investigated protein expression in five stream stonefly species from four geographic regions along a latitudinal gradient in Japan with varying climatic conditions. The extracted proteins were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization of time-of-flight (MALDI TOF/TOF), yielding 446 proteins...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925326/a-nitrogen-transformation-model-for-multi-layer-enhanced-groundwater-remediation-technology
#15
Yu Yang, Zhifei Ma, Yonghai Jiang, Xinying Lian, Beidou Xi, Yu Pei
The multi-layer enhanced groundwater remediation technology (MET) is an innovative platform that integrates physical chemistry, bioremediation, and phytoremediation technology to safely and effectively remediate ammonia nitrogen in groundwater. A nitrogen transformation model was established to study the mechanism of nitrogen transformation within ammonia nitrogen removal in the MET. The model considered organic nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, and nitrate nitrogen as the variables, and ammonification, nitrification, denitrification, microbial assimilation, plant absorption, adsorption-desorption, and volatilization as the influencing factors...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925253/novel-trimodal-maldi-imaging-mass-spectrometry-ims3-at-10-%C3%AE-m-reveals-spatial-lipid-and-peptide-correlates-implicated-in-a%C3%AE-plaque-pathology-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Ibrahim Kaya, Dimitri Brinet, Wojciech Michno, Mehmet Baskurt, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Jörg Hanrieder
Multimodal chemical imaging using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) can provide comprehensive molecular information in situ within the same tissue sections. This is of relevance for studying different brain pathologies such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD), where recent data suggest a critical relevance of co-localizing Aβ peptides and neuronal lipids. We here developed a novel trimodal, high-resolution (10µm) MALDI imaging MS (IMS) paradigm for negative- and positive ion mode lipid analysis and subsequent protein ion imaging on the same tissue section...
September 19, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924079/dynamic-surface-tension-of-heterogemini-surfactants-with-quaternary-ammonium-salt-and-gluconamide-or-sulfobetaine-headgroups
#17
Tomokazu Yoshimura, Kanae Nyuta
Dynamic surface tensions of two types of heterogemini surfactants with nonidentical hydrophilic headgroups consisting of a quaternary ammonium salt (cationic) and a gluconamide (nonionic) or sulfobetaine (zwitterionic) group were measured using the maximum bubble pressure method. For these compounds, effects of alkyl chain length, structure of the hydrophilic groups, and surfactant concentration were investigated using diffusion coefficients and parameter x. The parameter x is related to the difference between the energies of adsorption and desorption of the surfactant...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923736/atomic-layered-mn-clusters-deposited-on-palygorskite-as-powerful-adsorbent-for-recovering-valuable-rees-from-wastewater-with-superior-regeneration-stability
#18
Xujian Li, Xing Zhang, Heng Yang, Qi Zhou
The control of dispersity and size of metal particles deposited on substrate surface are always the major challenges for fabricating the efficient and stable metallic nanoparticles-decorated composite. Herein, we proposed a simple liquid-phase atomic layer deposition (L-ALD) method to obtain an atomic-layered MnO2 nanoparticles loaded palygorskite nanorod (MnO2@Pal), involving two-step procedures comprised of the solid-liquid interfacial reaction between organic manganese precursor and surface hydroxyl groups of palygorskite, and then a calcination treatment to activate surface Mn, which is used as a powerful adsorbent for recovery of REE ions from wastewater...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923734/biomass-derived-hierarchically-porous-and-heteroatom-doped-carbons-for-supercapacitors
#19
Xiaonan Kang, Hui Zhu, Chuanyi Wang, Kang Sun, Jiao Yin
In this research, Rapeseed dregs (RDs), as a byproduct of agriculture (derived from processing of rapeseed for oil production), were originally employed asa new carbonaceous precursor to synthesize hierarchically porous and heteroatom-doped activated carbons (ACs) with the activation of ZnCl2 at various high temperatures. A variety of measurements have been adopted to systemically characterize the RD-derived ACs. The micro-morphology, pore structures and surface chemistry property were fully investigated by SEM, TEM, XRD, Raman, N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, XPS and IR, respectively...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923731/phosphorus-sorption-desorption-and-effects-of-temperature-ph-and-salinity-on-phosphorus-sorption-in-marsh-soils-from-coastal-wetlands-with-different-flooding-conditions
#20
Junhong Bai, Xiaofei Ye, Jia Jia, Guangliang Zhang, Qingqing Zhao, Baoshan Cui, Xinhui Liu
Wetland soils act as a sink or source of phosphorus (P) to the overlaying water due to phosphorus sorption-desorption processes. Litter information is available on sorption and desorption behaviors of phosphorus in coastal wetlands with different flooding conditions. Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate phosphorus sorption-desorption processes, fractions of adsorbed phosphorus, and the effects of salinity, pH and temperature on phosphorus sorption on soils in tidal-flooding wetlands (TW), freshwater-flooding wetlands (FW) and seasonal-flooding wetlands (SW) in the Yellow River Delta...
August 24, 2017: Chemosphere
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