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Bhaskar Dudem, Yeong Hwan Ko, Jung Woo Leem, Joo Ho Lim, Jae Su Yu
We report the hierarchical nano/micro architectured (HNMA)-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film-based hybrid energy cells with multi-functionality to simultaneously harvest mechanical, solar, and wind energies. These films consist of nano/micro dual-scale architectures (i.e., nanonipples on inverted micro pyramidal arrays) on the PDMS surface. The HNMA-PDMS is replicable by a facile and cost-effective soft imprint lithography (SIL) using a nanoporous anodic alumina oxide (AAO) film formed on the micro-pyramidal (MP) structured silicon substrate...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sang Jun Lee, Ji Yoon Kang, Wonjoon Choi, Rhokyun Kwak
Nanofluidic resistive pulse sensing (RPS) has been extensively used to measure the size, concentration, and surface charge of nanoparticles in electrically conducting solutions. Although various methods have been explored for improving detection performances, intrinsic problems including the extremely low particle-to-pore volume ratio (<0.01%) and fast nanoparticle translocation (10-1000 µs) still induce difficulties in detection, such as low signal magnitudes and short translocation times. Herein, we present an aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) in a nanofluidic RPS for amplifying translocation signals and decreasing translocation speeds simultaneously...
October 18, 2016: Small
Mélanie V Trudel, Antony T Vincent, Sabrina A Attéré, Myriam Labbé, Nicolas Derome, Alexander I Culley, Steve J Charette
The bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida is a common pathogen in fish farms worldwide. Since the antibiotic resistance of this bacterial species is on the increase, it is important to have a broader view on this issue. In the present study, we tested the presence of known plasmids conferring multi-drug resistance as well as antibiotic resistance genes by a PCR approach in 100 Canadian A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida isolates. Our study highlighted the dominance of the conjugative pSN254b plasmid, which confers multi-drug resistance...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jeonghun Kim, Christine Young, Jaewoo Lee, Min-Sik Park, Mohammed Shahabuddin, Yusuke Yamauchi, Jung Ho Kim
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) grown on nanoporous carbon (NPC), which yields coexisting amorphous and graphitic nanoarchitectures, have been prepared on a large scale from zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) by introducing bimetallic ions (Co(2+) and Zn(2+)). Interestingly, the hybrid Co/Zn-ZIF-derived NPC showed rich graphitic CNTs on the surface. This NPC was utilized for a coin-type supercapacitor cell with an aqueous electrolyte, which showed enhanced retention at high current density and good stability over 10 000 cycles...
October 17, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
James Wilson, Leila Sloman, Zhiren He, Aleksei Aksimentiev
An inexpensive, reliable method for protein sequencing is essential to unraveling the biological mechanisms governing cellular behavior and disease. Current protein sequencing methods suffer from limitations associated with the size of proteins that can be sequenced, the time, and the cost of the sequencing procedures. Here, we report the results of all-atom molecular dynamics simulations that investigated the feasibility of using graphene nanopores for protein sequencing. We focus our study on the biologically significant phenylalanine-glycine repeat peptides (FG-nups)-parts of the nuclear pore transport machinery...
July 19, 2016: Advanced Functional Materials
Sarwar Beg, Mahfoozur Rahman, Atul Jain, Sumant Saini, Patrick Midoux, Chantal Pichon, Farhan Jalees Ahmad, Sohail Akhter
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs), porous hybrid polymer-metal composites at the nanoscale, are recent innovations in the field of chemistry; they are novel polymeric materials with diverse biomedical applications. MOFs are nanoporous materials, consisting of metal ions linked together by organic bridging ligands. The unique physical and chemical characteristics of MOFs have attracted wider attention from the scientific community, exploring their utility in the field of material science, biology, nanotechnology and drug delivery...
October 11, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
Yong Hee Kim, Gook Hwa Kim, Min Sun Kim, Sang-Don Jung
A Multi-electrode array (MEA) was fabricated with electrodes consisting of iridium oxide (IrOx) electrochemically deposited on nanoporous gold (NPG) to improve the moderate charge injection limit (ca. 1 mC cm-2) of NPG MEA. IrOx was electrodeposited by performing cyclic voltammetry with an IrOx deposition solution. The IrOx was electrodeposited on Au (EIROF/Au) and on NPG (EIROF/NPG) MEA, and the samples were analyzed in terms of the charge injection limit, charge storage capacity (CSC), and electrochemical impedance...
October 13, 2016: Nano Letters
Dongmei Xi, Jizhen Shang, Enguo Fan, Jin-Mao You, Shusheng Zhang, Hua Wang
The accurate discrimination of microRNAs (miRNAs) with highly similar sequences would greatly facilitate the screening and early diagnosis of diseases. In the present work, a locked nucleic acid (LNA)-modified probe was designed and used for α-hemolysin (α-HL) nanopore to selectively and specifically identify miRNAs. The hybridization of the LNA probe with the target miRNAs generated unique long-lived signals in the nanopore thus facilitated an accurate discrimination of miRNAs with similar sequences, even a single-nucleotide difference...
October 13, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Christine Young, Rahul R Salunkhe, Jing Tang, Chi-Chang Hu, Mohammed Shahabuddin, Ekrem Yanmaz, Md Shahriar A Hossain, Jung Ho Kim, Yusuke Yamauchi
Nanoporous carbon materials are a versatile source of carbons that would be useful in applications ranging from electronics to electrochemical energy storage. Here, we focus on nanoporous carbon materials prepared by direct carbonization of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8) towards supercapacitor applications. Several types of nanoporous carbons have been prepared by varying the applied carbonization temperature. The symmetric devices assembled using nanoporous carbon electrodes were tested for their optimal performance in the electrolyte of sulfuric acid solution...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Junsheng Li, Barbara Kwiatkowska, Hao Lu, Maren Voglstätter, Erika Ueda, Michael Grunze, Jonathan Sleeman, Pavel A Levkin, Irina Nazarenko
Malignant transformation is associated with enhancement of cell plasticity, which allows cancer cells to survive under different conditions by adapting to their microenvironment during growth and metastatic spread. Much effort has been devoted to understanding the molecular mechanisms of these processes. Although the importance of the extracellular matrix and of surface properties in these mechanisms is evident, the direct impact of distinct physical and chemical surfaces characteristics on cell fate remains unclear...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jian-Ke Sun, Markus Antonietti, Jiayin Yuan
The past decade has witnessed rapid progress in the synthesis of nanoporous organic networks or polymer frameworks for various potential applications. Generally speaking, functionalization of porous networks to add extra properties and enhance materials performance could be achieved either during the pore formation (thus a concurrent approach) or by post-synthetic modification (a sequential approach). Nanoporous organic networks which include ion pairs bound in a covalent manner are of special importance and possess extreme application profiles...
October 12, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
P Benjamin Stranges, Mirkó Palla, Sergey Kalachikov, Jeff Nivala, Michael Dorwart, Andrew Trans, Shiv Kumar, Mintu Porel, Minchen Chien, Chuanjuan Tao, Irina Morozova, Zengmin Li, Shundi Shi, Aman Aberra, Cleoma Arnold, Alexander Yang, Anne Aguirre, Eric T Harada, Daniel Korenblum, James Pollard, Ashwini Bhat, Dmitriy Gremyachinskiy, Arek Bibillo, Roger Chen, Randy Davis, James J Russo, Carl W Fuller, Stefan Roever, Jingyue Ju, George M Church
Scalable, high-throughput DNA sequencing is a prerequisite for precision medicine and biomedical research. Recently, we presented a nanopore-based sequencing-by-synthesis (Nanopore-SBS) approach, which used a set of nucleotides with polymer tags that allow discrimination of the nucleotides in a biological nanopore. Here, we designed and covalently coupled a DNA polymerase to an α-hemolysin (αHL) heptamer using the SpyCatcher/SpyTag conjugation approach. These porin-polymerase conjugates were inserted into lipid bilayers on a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-based electrode array for high-throughput electrical recording of DNA synthesis...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yoichi Tanabe, Yoshikazu Ito, Katsuaki Sugawara, Daisuke Hojo, Mikito Koshino, Takeshi Fujita, Tsutomu Aida, Xiandong Xu, Khuong Kim Huynh, Hidekazu Shimotani, Tadafumi Adschiri, Takashi Takahashi, Katsumi Tanigaki, Hideo Aoki, Mingwei Chen
Nanoporous graphene- based electric-double-layer transistors (EDLTs) are successfully fabricated. Transport measurements of the EDLTs demonstrate that the ambipolar electronic states of massless Dirac fermions with a high carrier mobility are well preserved in 3D nanoporous graphene along with anomalous nonlinear Hall resistance and exceptional transistor on/off ratio. This study may open a new avenue for device applications of graphene.
October 11, 2016: Advanced Materials
Crescenzio Francesco Minervini, Cosimo Cumbo, Paola Orsini, Claudia Brunetti, Luisa Anelli, Antonella Zagaria, Angela Minervini, Paola Casieri, Nicoletta Coccaro, Giuseppina Tota, Luciana Impera, Annamaria Giordano, Giorgina Specchia, Francesco Albano
BACKGROUND: The assessment of TP53 mutational status is becoming a routine clinical practice for chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients (CLL). A broad spectrum of molecular techniques has been employed so far, including both direct Sanger sequencing and next generation sequencing. Oxford Nanopore Technologies recently released the MinION an USB-interfaced sequencer. In this paper we report our experience, with the MinION technology for the detection of the TP53 gene mutation in CLL patients...
October 10, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Yoshikazu Ito, Yuhao Shen, Daisuke Hojo, Yoji Itagaki, Takeshi Fujita, Linghan Chen, Tsutomu Aida, Zheng Tang, Tadafumi Adschiri, Mingwei Chen
The interplay between chemical dopants and topological defects plays a crucial role in electrocatalysis of doped graphene. By systematically tuning the curvatures, thereby the density of topological defects, of 3D nanoporous graphene, the intrinsic correlation of topological defects with chemical doping contents and dopant configurations is revealed, shining lights into the structural and chemical origins of HER activities of graphene.
October 10, 2016: Advanced Materials
G C A da Hora, N L Archilha, J L S Lopes, D M Müller, K Coutinho, R Itri, T A Soares
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are cationic peptides that kill bacteria with a broad spectrum of action, low toxicity to mammalian cells and exceptionally low rates of bacterial resistance. These features have led to considerable efforts in developing AMPs as an alternative antibacterial therapy. In vitro studies have shown that AMPs interfere with membrane bilayer integrity via several possible mechanisms, which are not entirely understood. We have performed the synthesis, membrane lysis measurements, and biophysical characterization of a novel hybrid peptide...
September 26, 2016: Soft Matter
Pavel Y Apel, Valery V Bashevoy, Irina V Blonskaya, Nikolay E Lizunov, Oleg L Orelovitch, Christina Trautmann
The method of producing single track-etched conical nanopores has received considerable attention and found many applications in diverse fields such as biosensing, nanofluidics, information processing and others. The performance of an asymmetric nanopore is largely determined by its geometry, especially by the size and shape of its tip. In this paper we reconstruct the profiles of so-called conical pores fabricated by asymmetric chemical etching of ion tracks in polymer foil. Conductometric measurements during etching and field emission scanning electron microscopy examinations of the resulting pores were employed in order to determine the pore geometry...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chengcheng Tian, Xiang Zhu, Carter W Abney, Ziqi Tian, De-En Jiang, Kee Sung Han, Shannon M Mahurin, Nancy M Washton, Sheng Dai
The design and synthesis of metal-free heterogeneous catalysts for efficient hydrogenation remains a great challenge. Here we report a novel approach to create conjugated nanoporous polymers with efficient hydrogenation activities toward unsaturated ketones by leveraging the innate steric encumbrance. The steric bulk of the framework as well as the local sterics of the Lewis basic sites within the polymeric skeleton result in the generation of the putative catalyst. This approach opens up new possibilities for the development of innovative metal-free heterogeneous catalysts...
September 29, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Zehao Pan, Ceming Wang, Meng Li, Hsueh-Chia Chang
A stable nanoscale thermal hot spot, with temperature approaching 100 °C, is shown to be sustained by localized Ohmic heating of a focused electric field at the tip of a slender conic nanopore. The self-similar (length-independent) conic geometry allows us to match the singular heat source at the tip to the singular radial heat loss from the slender cone to obtain a self-similar steady temperature profile along the cone and the resulting ionic current conductance enhancement due to viscosity reduction. The universal scaling, which depends only on a single dimensionless parameter Z, collapses the measured conductance data and computed temperature profiles in ion-track conic nanopores and conic nanopipettes...
September 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Ming-Hsiang Cheng, Hao-Wen Ko, Pei-Yun Chung, Chun-Wei Chang, Jiun-Tai Chen
The microphase separation behavior of block copolymers confined in cylindrical nanopores has been extensively investigated. Recently, the solvent-annealing-induced nanowetting in templates (SAINT) method has been demonstrated to be a versatile approach for the infiltration of block copolymers into the nanopores of porous templates. The function of the annealing solvents, however, is still not well understood, especially in the morphology control of the fabricated block copolymer nanostructures. In this work, we elucidate the function of the annealing solvents in the SAINT method using a lamella-forming block copolymer, polystyrene-block-polydimethylsiloxane (PS-b-PDMS), and anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates...
October 4, 2016: Soft Matter
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