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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230080/demonstrating-the-potential-of-yttrium-doped-barium-zirconate-electrolyte-for-high-performance-fuel-cells
#1
Kiho Bae, Dong Young Jang, Hyung Jong Choi, Donghwan Kim, Jongsup Hong, Byung-Kook Kim, Jong-Ho Lee, Ji-Won Son, Joon Hyung Shim
In reducing the high operating temperatures (≥800 °C) of solid-oxide fuel cells, use of protonic ceramics as an alternative electrolyte material is attractive due to their high conductivity and low activation energy in a low-temperature regime (≤600 °C). Among many protonic ceramics, yttrium-doped barium zirconate has attracted attention due to its excellent chemical stability, which is the main issue in protonic-ceramic fuel cells. However, poor sinterability of yttrium-doped barium zirconate discourages its fabrication as a thin-film electrolyte and integration on porous anode supports, both of which are essential to achieve high performance...
February 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227814/embedded-cmos-basecalling-for-nanopore-dna-sequencing
#2
Chengjie Wang, Junli Zheng, Sebastian Magierowski, Ebrahim Ghafar-Zadeh, Chengjie Wang, Junli Zheng, Sebastian Magierowski, Ebrahim Ghafar-Zadeh, Junli Zheng, Chengjie Wang, Ebrahim Ghafar-Zadeh, Sebastian Magierowski
DNA sequencing based on nanopore sensors is now entering the marketplace. The ability to interface this technology to established CMOS microelectronics promises significant improvements in functionality and miniaturization. Among the key functions to benefit from this interface will be basecalling, the conversion of raw electronic molecular signatures to nucleotide sequence predictions. This paper presents the design and performance potential of custom CMOS base-callers embedded alongside nanopore sensors. A basecalliing architecture implemented in 32-nm technology is discussed with the ability to process the equivalent of 20 human genomes per day in real-time at a power density of 5 W/cm(2) assuming a 3-mer nanopore sensor...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226899/nanoporous-membrane-robustness-stability-in-small-form-factor-microfluidic-filtration-system
#3
Dean G Johnson, Sabrina Pan, Andrew Hayden, James L McGrath, Dean G Johnson, Sabrina Pan, Andrew Hayden, James L McGrath, Andrew Hayden, Sabrina Pan, Dean G Johnson, James L McGrath
The development of wearable hemodialysis (HD) devices that replace center-based HD holds the promise to improve both outcomes and quality-of-life for patients with end-stage-renal disease (ERD). A prerequisite for these devices is the development of highly efficient membranes that can achieve high toxin clearance in small footprints. The ultrathin nanoporous membrane material developed by our group is orders of magnitude more permeable than conventional HD membranes. We report on our progress making a prototype wearable dialysis unit...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225551/rational-design-and-controllable-preparation-of-holey-mno2-nanosheets
#4
Gaini Zhang, Lijun Ren, Zhe Yan, Liping Kang, Zhibin Lei, Hua Xu, Feng Shi, Zong-Huai Liu
A novel technique for the design and controllable preparation of holey MnO2 nanosheets was first developed by an in situ redox reaction between the MnO2 nanosheets and adsorbed Fe(2+) ions at room temperature, in which Fe(2+) ions originated from a redox reaction between Cu wire and Fe(3+) ions. The formation of in-plane nanopores on the MnO2 nanosheets obviously improved the rate capability when they were used as promising supercapacitor electrodes.
February 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225183/protective-effects-of-araloside-c-against-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-potential-involvement-of-heat-shock-protein-90
#5
Min Wang, Yu Tian, Yu-Yang Du, Gui-Bo Sun, Xu-Dong Xu, Hai Jiang, Hui-Bo Xu, Xiang-Bao Meng, Jing-Yi Zhang, Shi-Lan Ding, Miao-di Zhang, Ming-Hua Yang, Xiao-Bo Sun
The present study was designed to investigate whether Araloside C, one of the major triterpenoid compounds isolated from Aralia elata known to be cardioprotective, can improve heart function following ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. We observed that Araloside C concentration-dependently improved cardiac function and depressed oxidative stress induced by I/R. Similar protection was confirmed in isolated cardiomyocytes characterized by maintaining Ca(2+) transients and cell shortening against I/R...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224420/early-osseointegration-of-implants-with-cortex-like-tio2-coatings-formed-by-micro-arc-oxidation-a-histomorphometric-study-in-rabbits
#6
Hong-Zhi Zhou, Ya-da Li, Lin Liu, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei-Qiang Wang, Guo-Wu Ma, Yu-Cheng Su, Min Qi, Bin Shi
In our previous studies, a novel cortex-like TiO2 coating was prepared on Ti surface through micro-arc oxidation (MAO) by using sodium tetraborate as electrolyte, and the effects of the coating on cell attachment were testified. This study aimed to investigate the effects of this cortex-like MAO coating on osseointegration. A sand-blasting and acid-etching (SLA) coating that has been widely used in clinical practice served as control. Topographical and chemical characterizations were conducted by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, contact angle meter, and step profiler...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221754/nanoporous-polymer-infiltrated-nanoparticle-films-with-uniform-or-graded-porosity-via-undersaturated-capillary-rise-infiltration
#7
Jyo Lyn Hor, Yijie Jiang, David J Ring, Robert A Riggleman, Kevin T Turner, Daeyeon Lee
In this work, we present the fabrication of nanoporous polymer-infiltrated nanoparticle films (PINFs) with either uniform or graded porosity based on undersaturated capillary rise infiltration (UCaRI) and study the processing-structure-property relationship of these nanoporous PINFs. The UCaRI process involves first generating a bilayer film of randomly packed nanoparticle layer atop a polymer layer, such that the volume of polymer is less than the void volume in the nanoparticle packing. Subsequently, the bilayer film is annealed above the glass transition temperature of the polymer to induce polymer infiltration into the voids of the nanoparticle packing...
February 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218898/detecting-dna-cytosine-methylation-using-nanopore-sequencing
#8
Jared T Simpson, Rachael E Workman, P C Zuzarte, Matei David, L J Dursi, Winston Timp
In nanopore sequencing devices, electrolytic current signals are sensitive to base modifications, such as 5-methylcytosine (5-mC). Here we quantified the strength of this effect for the Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION sequencer. By using synthetically methylated DNA, we were able to train a hidden Markov model to distinguish 5-mC from unmethylated cytosine. We applied our method to sequence the methylome of human DNA, without requiring special steps for library preparation.
February 20, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218897/mapping-dna-methylation-with-high-throughput-nanopore-sequencing
#9
Arthur C Rand, Miten Jain, Jordan M Eizenga, Audrey Musselman-Brown, Hugh E Olsen, Mark Akeson, Benedict Paten
DNA chemical modifications regulate genomic function. We present a framework for mapping cytosine and adenosine methylation with the Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION using this nanopore sequencer's ionic current signal. We map three cytosine variants and two adenine variants. The results show that our model is sensitive enough to detect changes in genomic DNA methylation levels as a function of growth phase in Escherichia coli.
February 20, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218811/hierarchically-arranged-helical-fiber-actuators-derived-from-commercial-cloth
#10
Jiang Gong, Huijuan Lin, John W C Dunlop, Jiayin Yuan
The first hygroscopically tunable cloth actuator is realized via impregnation of a commercial cloth template by a three dimensionally (3D) nanoporous polymer/carbon nanotube hybrid network. The nanoporous hybrid guarantees diffusion of water into the cloth actuator and amplifies the deformation scale. The cloth actuators are mechanically stable with high tensile strength. Because the commercial cotton cloth is inexpensive, such actuators capable of complex motions can be produced in a large size and scale for a wide variety of utilities (e...
February 20, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218240/scaffolding-and-completing-genome-assemblies-in-real-time-with-nanopore-sequencing
#11
Minh Duc Cao, Son Hoang Nguyen, Devika Ganesamoorthy, Alysha G Elliott, Matthew A Cooper, Lachlan J M Coin
Third generation sequencing technologies provide the opportunity to improve genome assemblies by generating long reads spanning most repeat sequences. However, current analysis methods require substantial amounts of sequence data and computational resources to overcome the high error rates. Furthermore, they can only perform analysis after sequencing has completed, resulting in either over-sequencing, or in a low quality assembly due to under-sequencing. Here we present npScarf, which can scaffold and complete short read assemblies while the long read sequencing run is in progress...
February 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215086/salt-segregation-and-sample-cleanup-on-perfluoro-coated-nanostructured-surfaces-for-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-of-biofluid-samples
#12
Ya Zhou, Chen Peng, Kenneth D Harris, Rupasri Mandal, D Jed Harrison
We present a surface assisted laser desorption ionization (SALDI) technique, coupled with fluorocarbon coating, to achieve selective segregation of ionic and/or hydrophilic analytes from background biofluid electrolytes for quantiatve mass spectrometric analysis. By controlling the contact angle of (1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl) trichlorosilane or (1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl) dimethylchlorosilane to a specific range (105-120°), background electrolytes can be made to segregate from hydrophilic analytes during a drying step on the surface of a highly nanoporous thin film...
February 19, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213257/a-zeolitic-imidazolate-framework-based-nanoporous-carbon-as-a-novel-fiber-coating-for-solid-phase-microextraction-of-pyrethroid-pesticides
#13
Shuaihua Zhang, Qian Yang, Xiumin Yang, Wenchang Wang, Zhi Li, Lihong Zhang, Chun Wang, Zhi Wang
A high-surface-area nanoporous carbon (NPC) has been successfully synthesized by using the metal-organic framework ZIF-90 as both the template and precursor together with furfuryl alcohol as a secondary carbon source. The prepared ZIF-90 templated NPC (ZIF-90-NPC) was then coated onto a stainless steel wire by a simple physical adhesion approach to prepare solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber. By coupling the ZIF-90-NPC coated fiber-based SPME with gas chromatography-microelectron capture detection (GC-μECD), the developed method gave a large enhancement factor (984-2869), low limit of detection (0...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211275/suppression-of-hydrogen-evolution-by-oxygen-reduction-in-nanoporous-electrocatalysts
#14
Ellen Benn, Bernard Gaskey, Jonah D Erlebacher
Electroreduction of small molecules in aqueous solution often competes with the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), especially if the reaction is driven even moderately hard using a large overpotential. Here, the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was studied under proton diffusion-limited conditions in slightly acidic electrolytes - a model system to study the relative transport kinetics of protons and reactants to an electrocatalyst and the relationship between transport and catalytic performance. Using dealloyed nanoporous nickel-platinum (np-NiPt) electrodes, we find the hydrogen evolution reaction can be completely suppressed even at high overpotentials (-400 mV vs...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209027/silicon-nanostructures-produced-by-modified-macetch-method-for-antireflective-si-surface
#15
Stepan Nichkalo, Anatoly Druzhinin, Anatoliy Evtukh, Oleg Bratus', Olga Steblova
This work pertains to the method for modification of silicon (Si) wafer morphology by metal-assisted chemical etching (MacEtch) technique suitable for fabrication of antireflective Si surfaces. For this purpose, we made different Au catalyst patterns on the surface of Si substrate. This modification allowed to obtain the close-packed Au nanodrop (ND) pattern that generates the nanowires (NWs) and the well-separated Au NDs, which induce the nanopore (NP) formation. The antireflective properties of these structures in comparison with NWs produced by the conventional Ag-MacEtch method were analysed...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208324/adsorption-induced-shape-transitions-in-bistable-nanopores-with-atomically-thin-walls
#16
Oleg E Shklyaev, Milton W Cole, Vincent H Crespi
Atomically thin cylindrical nanopores can change shape in response to physically adsorbed gas inside. Coupled to a gas reservoir, an initially collapsed pore can expand to allow the adsorbed gas to form concentric shells on the inner part of the pore, driven by adsorption energetics, not gas pressure. A lattice gas model describes the evolution of the nanotube pore shape and absorbed gas as a function of gas chemical potential at zero temperature. We found that narrow-enough tubes are always expanded and gas inside adsorbs in sequences of concentric shells as the gas chemical potential increases...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208315/tracer-counterpermeation-analysis-of-diffusivity-in-finite-length-nanopores-with-and-without-single-file-dynamics
#17
David M Ackerman, James W Evans
We perform a tracer counterpermeation (TCP) analysis for a stochastic model of diffusive transport through a narrow linear pore where passing of species within the pore is inhibited or even excluded (single-file diffusion). TCP involves differently labeled but otherwise identical particles from two decoupled infinite reservoirs adsorbing into opposite ends of the pore, and desorbing from either end. In addition to transient behavior, we assess steady-state concentration profiles, spatial correlations, particle number fluctuations, and diffusion fluxes through the pore...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208062/nano-suspension-coating-as-a-technique-to-modulate-the-drug-release-from-controlled-porosity-osmotic-pumps-for-a-soluble-agent
#18
Leila Azharshekoufeh Bahari, Yousef Javadzadeh, Mohammad Barzegar Jalali, Peyvand Johari, Ali Nokhodchi, Javad Shokri
In controlled porosity osmotic pumps (CPOP), usually finding a single solvent with a capability to dissolve both film former (hydrophobic) and pore former (hydrophilic) is extremely challenging. Therefore, the aim of the present investigation was to tackle the issue associated with controlled porosity osmotic pump (CPOP) system using nano-suspension coating method. In the present study 4-Amino pyridine was used as a highly water soluble drug. In this method, a hydrophilic pore former (sucrose or mannitol) in nano range was suspended in polymeric coating solution using ball-mill...
February 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206764/host-guest-chemistry-at-integrated-porous-space-formed-by-molecular-self-assembly-at-liquid-solid-interfaces
#19
Kohei Iritani, Kazukuni Tahara, Steven De Feyter, Yoshito Tobe
Host-guest chemistry in two-dimensional space, that is physisorbed monolayers of a single atom or a single molecular thickness on surfaces, has become a subject of intense current interest because of perspectives for various applications in molecular-scale electronics, selective sensors, and tailored catalysis. Scanning tunneling microscopy, with which we can visualize molecules in actual space, has been used as a powerful tool. For more than a decade, we have been investigating the self-assembly of a series of triangle-shaped molecules with a phenylene-ethynylene macrocycle, called dehydrobenzo[12]annulenes (DBAs), substituted by six flexible alkyl chains, forming hexagonal porous 2D molecular networks via van der Waals interactions between interdigitated alkyl chains at the interface of organic solvent and graphite...
February 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199082/influence-of-solvent-on-the-structure-of-an-amphiphilic-block-copolymer-in-solution-and-in-formation-of-an-integral-asymmetric-membrane
#20
Maryam Radjabian, Clarissa Abetz, Birgit Fischer, Andreas Meyer, Volker Abetz
Nanoporous membranes with tailored size pores and multifunctionality derived from self-assembled block copolymers attract growing interest in ultrafiltration. The influence of the structure of block copolymer in the membrane casting solution on the formation of integral asymmetric isoporous block copolymer membranes using the nonsolvent induced phase separation process (NIPS) has been one of the long-standing questions in this research area. In this work we studied the principal role of the solvent on the micellization and self-assembly of asymmetric polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) diblock copolymers by using a combination of dynamic light scattering (DLS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)...
February 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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