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Paediatric orthopaedics, pediatric orthopedic

Danuta Smoląg, Małgorzata Kulesa-Mrowiecka, Jerzy Sułko
According to epidemiological data, muscular dysfunctions of the masticatory system occur in 15-23% of the population. Preventive examinations of functional disorders of the stomatognathic system are, therefore, of particular importance. A distinct group of patients exposed to dysfunctions in the area of the masticatory organ locomotor apparatus comprises those with genetic diseases characterised by disorders in collagen formation. One of such diseases is osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and dentinogenesis imperfecta that usually goes together with the former...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
Sharat Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Children may present to an orthopaedic surgeon with congenital bone diseases, nutritional disorders like rickets, infective or traumatic due to fall etc of bones and joints. AIM: To know the percentage, common orthopaedic problems and demographic profile of paediatric orthopaedic problem in patients attending the orthopaedic OPD of NEIGRIHMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective study was conducted for the duration of one year from May'2012-May'2013 in the Department of Orthopaedics in North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Sciences (NEIGRIHMS), Shillong, India...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Andreas Roposch, Liang Q Liu, Evangelia Protopapa
BACKGROUND: Wide variation exists in reported prevalence estimates and management standards of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Discrepancies in diagnosticians' opinions may explain some of this variation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We sought to determine (1) the consistency with which pediatric orthopaedic surgeons rate the importance of diagnostic criteria for DDH, and (2) whether there were geographic differences in how the diagnostic criteria were rated by surgeons...
June 2013: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
A Bertani, F Launay, P Candoni, L Mathieu, F Rongieras, F Chauvin
BACKGROUND: Djibouti has no paediatric orthopaedics department and three options are available for difficult cases: transfer of the patient to another country; overseas mission transfer to Djibouti by a specialised surgical team; and management by a local orthopaedic surgeon receiving guidance from an expert. The extreme poverty of part of the population of Djibouti often precludes the first two options. Telemedecine can allow the local orthopaedic surgeon to receive expert advice. HYPOTHESES AND STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively recorded all the paediatric orthopaedics teleconsultations that occurred between November 2009 and November 2011...
November 2012: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
J Cottalorda, P Violas, R Seringe
Orthopaedic surgeons are often the first physicians to evaluate paediatric patients in the event of delayed walking, gait abnormalities, or parental concern about motor abilities. Therefore, orthopaedic surgeons must be thoroughly familiar with the normal neurodevelopmental stages. Neurological disorders are often first recognised during an orthopaedic evaluation. Minimal neurological abnormalities should be taken as warning signs that require additional investigations. Consequently, the evaluation must follow a strict protocol, even in children referred for apparently trivial functional disorders...
October 2012: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Nicholas M P Clarke, Jonathan E Page
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: At the turn of the last century, rickets (vitamin D deficiency) was one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases of the paediatric population presenting to physicians. Today, the most common referral pathway for these patients ends in a paediatric orthopaedic outpatient clinic. Vitamin D deficiency is a clinical entity that can affect all children and should be looked for in all children with musculoskeletal symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: The child at risk of rickets is now white, breastfed, protected from the sun and obese...
February 2012: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Zorica Terzić, Zoran Vukasinović, Vesna Bjegović-Mikanović, Vesna Jovanović, Radmila Janicić
INTRODUCTION: SWOT analysis is a managerial tool used to evaluate internal and external environment through strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to demonstrate the application of the SWOT analysis on the example of the Department for Paediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology at the Institute of Orthopaedic Surgery "Banjica" in Belgrade. METHODS: Qualitative research was conducted during December 2008 at the Department for Paediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology of the Institute of Orthopaedic Surgery "Banjica" by applying the focus group technique...
July 2010: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Mark S Gaston, Alastair W Murray, Daniel E Porter
Pretibial swellings in children usually represent erythema nodosum which exhibits characteristic skin changes. Three cases of pretibial subcutaneous lesions are presented which had no skin involvement or bony abnormalities on plain radiographs. At initial presentation, concerns of malignancy were raised but these lesions were ultimately diagnosed as granuloma annulare, fat necrosis and subcutaneous infection. In combination with clinical assessment and plain radiographs, MRI proved invaluable in reaching diagnosis and excluding neoplasia...
November 2008: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Pierre-Louis Docquier, Laurent Paul, Maryline Mousny, Olivier Cornu, Christian Delloye
Autograft harvesting in a growing child sometimes leads to disastrous consequences. Allograft can advantageously replace autograft in the majority of the cases. This overview presents the most frequently used allografts in paediatric orthopaedic surgery and discusses their benefits. Illustrative cases are presented to highlight specific indications.
October 2007: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Sonya Clarke
This article highlights the development of orthopaedic nurse education in Northern Ireland and how it equates with the United Kingdom and United States when focused on children's nursing. It also examines the historical development of initial preregistration nurse education and equates it to children's nursing where children are generally acknowledged as a vulnerable group. This article concludes by offering recommendations that may further enhance the development of Northern Ireland's orthopaedic nurse education that demonstrate standardization and equality for all practicing nurses within the specialty of orthopaedics...
March 2007: Orthopaedic Nursing
Nicola Ihme, Gabriel Pizà, Bruno Fragnière
The here given report should abridge our experiences and scientific exchanges during a 2-week lasting fellowship in North America sponsored by European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society and Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. We would like to thank all people involved in this extraordinary experience for their efforts, especially the European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, giving us the honor and privilege of exchanging knowledge overseas.
November 2006: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
W Y Kim, M Zenios
INTRODUCTION: Increasing subspecialisation, the introduction of reforms to surgical training, centralisation of hospitals and the reduction of working hours brought about by the European Working Time Directive (EWTD) has direct implications on the training of surgeons in the UK. The aim of this study was to determine the range and number of procedures performed for paediatric orthopaedic fractures, degree of supervision and possible implications for training. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of procedures for paediatric orthopaedic fractures performed in a district general hospital in a year was conducted...
September 2006: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
M Shafi, J H P Hui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2006: Singapore Medical Journal
C Engel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2006: Der Orthopäde
Tomislav Dapić, Darko Anticević
Emergencies in pediatric orthopaedics surgery comprise a wide spectrum of diseases and injuries which demand fast diagnosis and appropriate treatement. If certain diagnostic and therapeutic measures are not undertaken punctual, in diseases like septic arthritis of the hip, acute haematogenous osteomyelitis, acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis, changes that can give arise to permanent consequences and disabilities will be developed. Well knowing of clinical features, using of ultrasound, diagnostic punctures and if necesarry using other investigations are essential for the fast diagnosis of acute infections of the locomotor system, and along with antibiotics, methodes of decompression are basics of the treatment...
July 2005: Lijec̆nic̆ki Vjesnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 1958: Medical Journal of Australia
Yasuo Noguchi, Toyonori Sakamaki et al.
Anationwide survey of the epidemiology and demographics of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) was carried out using questionnaires to investigate the incidence, clinical characteristics, and frequently used treatment procedures in Japan. Inquiries were sent to 2040 of the leading hospitals nationwide. Data were collected for the period between January 1997 and December 1999. Inquiries included onset age, sex, past medical history, type of slip, height, weight, and treatment procedure. Altogether, 314 cases were reported (237 boys, 77 girls) from 131 hospitals...
2002: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
E H Lee
This article traces the development of Paediatric Orthopaedics in Singapore. Ever since the formation of the University Department of Orthopaedics in 1952, orthopaedic surgeons have had a special interest in musculoskeletal problems in children. Special clinics called "Congenital Clinics" were held in the Singapore General Hospital to look after these children. These clinics were continued in the Singapore General Hospital after the University Department moved to the National University Hospital in 1985. In 1987, a Division of Paediatric Orthopaedics was formed at the National University Hospital to streamline the care of children with musculoskeletal problems...
September 2002: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
S Lari, M Cipressi, A Colì, G Fabbri, G Formaro, K Trebbi
When there are no precise indications or contraindications, the choice between general anaesthesia and locoregional anaesthesia is not clear-cut, especially in paediatrics where there are not enough prospective studies about the safety and main complications with the two techniques. This study aims at providing some clarification concerning this problem by outlining the practice of anaesthetics in the Children's Orthopaedic Ward of Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute which, for logistical reasons and based on past experience, was carried out by the exclusive use of general anaesthesia...
September 2001: Minerva Anestesiologica
J Correll, K Parsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2000: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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