keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mannoprotein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648596/unraveling-synthesis-of-the-cryptococcal-cell-wall-and-capsule
#1
Zhuo A Wang, Lucy X Li, Tamara L Doering
Fungal pathogens cause devastating infections in millions of individuals each year, representing a huge but underappreciated burden on human health. One of these, the opportunistic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, kills hundreds of thousands of patients annually, disproportionately affecting people in resource-limited areas. This yeast is distinguished from other pathogenic fungi by a polysaccharide capsule that is displayed on the cell surface. The capsule consists of two complex polysaccharide polymers: a mannan substituted with xylose and glucuronic acid, and a galactan with galactomannan side chains that bear variable amounts of glucuronic acid and xylose...
April 10, 2018: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628914/non-saccharomyces-in-wine-effect-upon-oenococcus-oeni-and-malolactic-fermentation
#2
REVIEW
Aitor Balmaseda, Albert Bordons, Cristina Reguant, Joaquín Bautista-Gallego
This work is a short review of the interactions between oenological yeasts and lactic acid bacteria (LAB), especially Oenococcus oeni , the main species carrying out the malolactic fermentation (MLF). The emphasis has been placed on non- Saccharomyces effects due to their recent increased interest in winemaking. Those interactions are variable, ranging from inhibitory, to neutral and stimulatory and are mediated by some known compounds, which will be discussed. One phenomena responsible of inhibitory interactions is the media exhaustion by yeasts, and particularly a decrease in L-malic acid by some non- Saccharomyces ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598974/%C3%AE-lapachone-and-%C3%AE-nor-lapachone-modulate-candida-albicans-viability-and-virulence-factors
#3
D C Moraes, J A R Curvelo, C A Anjos, K C G Moura, M C F R Pinto, M B Portela, R M A Soares
BACKGROUND: Candida albicans is the most important fungal pathogen that causes infections in humans, and the search for new therapeutic strategies for its treatment is essential. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of seven naphthoquinones (β-lapachone, β-nor-lapachone, bromide-β-lapachone, hydroxy-β-lapachone, α-lapachone, α-nor-lapachone and α-xyloidone) on the growth of a fluconazole-resistant C. albicans oral clinical isolate and the effects of these compounds on the viability of mammalian cells, on yeast's morphogenesis, biofilm formation and cell wall mannoproteins availability...
March 26, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526228/factors-influencing-autolysis-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-cells-induced-by-pulsed-electric-fields
#4
Juan M Martínez, Carlota Delso, Diederich Aguilar, Guillermo Cebrián, Ignacio Álvarez, Javier Raso
The influence of temperature (7-43 °C), pH (3.5-7.0) and ethanol concentration (6-25%) on PEFinduced autolysis and the release of mannose from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Changes in the release of intracellular compounds absorbing at 260 nm and 280 nm depended on storage conditions and differed among untreated and PEF-treated cells. For untreated cells, the increase of the Abs260 and Abs280 values during 3 weeks of storage was very low when incubated in media of different pH, different ethanol concentrations, or at 7° and 25 °C...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492641/the-impact-of-torulaspora-delbrueckii-yeast-in-winemaking
#5
REVIEW
Santiago Benito
Commercial Saccharomyces strains are usually inoculated to ferment alcoholic beverages due to their ability to convert all fermentable sugars into ethanol. However, modern trends in winemaking have turned toward less known, non-Saccharomyces yeast species. These species perform the first stages of natural spontaneous fermentation and play important roles in wine variety. New alcoholic fermentation trends have begun to consider objectives other than alcohol production to improve flavor diversity. This review explores the influence of the most used and commercialized non-Saccharomyces yeast, Torulaspora delbrueckii, on fermentation quality parameters, such as ethanol, glycerol, volatile acidity, volatile profile, succinic acid, mannoproteins, polysaccharides, color, anthocyanins, amino acids, and sensory perception...
February 28, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484956/targeting-the-gpi-biosynthetic-pathway
#6
Usha Yadav, Mohd Ashraf Khan
The GPI (Glycosylphosphatidylinositol) biosynthetic pathway is a multistep conserved pathway in eukaryotes that culminates in the generation of GPI glycolipid which in turn anchors many proteins (GPI-APs) to the cell surface. In spite of the overall conservation of the pathway, there still exist subtle differences in the GPI pathway of mammals and other eukaryotes which holds a great promise so far as the development of drugs/inhibitors against specific targets in the GPI pathway of pathogens is concerned. Many of the GPI structures and their anchored proteins in pathogenic protozoans and fungi act as pathogenicity factors...
February 27, 2018: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329339/accessibility-and-contribution-to-glucan-masking-of-natural-and-genetically-tagged-versions-of-yeast-wall-protein-1-of-candida-albicans
#7
Bruce L Granger
Yeast wall protein 1 (Ywp1) is an abundant glycoprotein of the cell wall of the yeast form of Candida albicans, the most prevalent fungal pathogen of humans. Antibodies that bind to the polypeptide backbone of isolated Ywp1 show little binding to intact yeast cells, presumably because the Ywp1 epitopes are masked by the polysaccharides of the mannoproteins that form the outer layer of the cell wall. Rare cells do exhibit much greater anti-Ywp1 binding, however, and one of these was isolated and characterized...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299842/structural-analysis-of-n-o-glycans-assembled-on-proteins-in-yeasts
#8
Eun Jung Thak, Jungho Kim, Dong-Jik Lee, Jeong Yoon Kim, Hyun Ah Kang
Protein glycosylation, the most universal and diverse post-translational modification, can affect protein secretion, stability, and immunogenicity. The structures of glycans attached to proteins are quite diverse among different organisms and even within yeast species. In yeast, protein glycosylation plays key roles in the quality control of secretory proteins, and particularly in maintaining cell wall integrity. Moreover, in pathogenic yeasts, glycans assembled on cell-surface glycoproteins can mediate their interactions with host cells...
January 2018: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281684/candida-albicans-derived-mannoproteins-activate-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-reporter-cells-expressing-tlr4-md2-and-cd14
#9
Traci Ness, Mahmud Abdallah, Jaime Adams, Claudia Alvarado, Edwin Gunn, Brittany House, John Lamb, Jack Macguire, Emily Norris, Rebekah Robinson, Morgan Sapp, Jill Sharma, Ronald Garner
The ability of soluble C. albicans 20A (serotype A) mannoprotein (CMP) to serve as a ligand for toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its co-receptors was examined using commercially available and stably-transfected HEK293 cells that express human TLR4, MD2 and CD14, but not MR. These TLR4 reporter cells also express an NF-κB-dependent, secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) reporter gene. TLR4-reporter cells exhibited a dose-dependent SEAP response to both LPS and CMP, wherein peak activation was achieved after stimulation with 40-50 μg/mL of CMP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164392/maturation-and-cytokine-pattern-of-human-dendritic-cells-in-response-to-different-yeasts
#10
Silvia Boschi Bazan, Barbara Walch-Rückheim, Manfred J Schmitt, Frank Breinig
Activated dendritic cells (DC) induce and polarize T-cell responses by expression of distinct maturation markers and cytokines. This study systematically investigated the capacity of different biotechnically relevant yeast species and strains including Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Kluyveromyces lactis, Pichia pastoris, Hansenula polymorpha, Yarrowia lipolytica, and Candida glabrata to initiate maturation of human DC. As important prerequisite for T-cell activation, all yeasts were shown to effectively induce, though to a different extent, the expression of the activation marker CD83, the co-stimulatory molecules CD80, CD86, CD54, CD58, and CD40, as well as the antigen-presenting molecules MHCs I and II...
February 2018: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146314/interaction-of-wine-mannoproteins-and-arabinogalactans-with-anthocyanins
#11
Fernando J Gonçalves, Pedro A R Fernandes, Dulcineia F Wessel, Susana M Cardoso, Silvia M Rocha, Manuel A Coimbra
Wine polymeric material (WPM), which includes polysaccharides, proteins, and polyphenolic compounds, interacts with anthocyanins. To determine the contribution of polysaccharides in these interactions, the diffusion performance of anthocyanins along a dialysis membrane was determined in the presence and absence of isolated mannoproteins (MP) and arabinogalactans (AG) from WPM. Furthermore, to estimate the extent of the interaction between WPM and polyphenolic compounds, the activation energy (Ea) required for their diffusion in the presence of WPM was determined...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144773/cancer-chemopreventive-antiproliferative-and-superoxide-anion-scavenging-properties-of-kluyveromyces-marxianus-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-var-boulardii-cell-wall-components
#12
Olivier Fortin, Blanca Aguilar-Uscanga, Khanh Dang Vu, Stephane Salmieri, Monique Lacroix
This study investigated the cancer chemopreventive, the antiradical, and the antiproliferative properties of polysaccharides extracts from cell wall of Saccharomyces boulardii and Kluyveromyces marxianus. β-glucan, mannan, and chitin were also quantified to identify the most important extract responsible for these biological properties. Soluble and insoluble glucans as well as mannoprotein were extracted from cell wall using single hot-alkaline method. Superoxide anion scavenging (antiradical capacity), NAD(P)H: quinone reductase (QR) (EC 1...
January 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972743/prevention-of-tartrate-crystallization-in-wine-by-hydrocolloids-the-mechanism-studied-by-dynamic-light-scattering
#13
Peter P Lankhorst, Benjamin Voogt, Remco Tuinier, Blandine Lefol, Patrice Pellerin, Cristiana Virone
Young wines are supersaturated in potassium bitartrate, which induces rather uncontrolled crystallization processes. Delayed crystallization may occur even after bottling of the young wines, which is undesirable because it gives rise to a visual defect in the wine. Colloids such as mannoproteins, metatartaric acid, and carboxymethylcellulose are available on the market and may be added to delay crystallization. It has been a matter of debate whether such hydrocolloids prevent nucleation, growth of crystals, or both...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923602/cell-wall-mannoprotein-of-candida-albicans-induces-cell-cycle-alternation-and-inhibits-apoptosis-of-hacat-cells-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signal-pathway
#14
Yang Han, Hang-Hang Jiang, Yu-Jing Zhang, Xing-Jia Hao, Yu-Zhe Sun, Rui-Qun Qi, Hong-Duo Chen, Xing-Hua Gao
Candida albicans (C. albicans) is a commensal organism in human and a well-known dimorphic opportunistic pathogenic fungus. Though plenty of researches on the pathogenesis of C. albicans have been performed, the mechanism is not fully understood. The cell wall components of C. albicans have been documented to play important roles in its pathogenic processes. To further study the infectious mechanism of C. albicans, we investigated the potential functional role of its cell wall mannoprotein in cell cycle and apoptosis of HaCaT cells...
October 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912884/towards-translational-immunopet-mr-imaging-of-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-the-humanised-monoclonal-antibody-jf5-detects-aspergillus-lung-infections-in-vivo
#15
Genna Davies, Anna-Maria Rolle, Andreas Maurer, Philipp R Spycher, Claudia Schillinger, Djamschid Solouk-Saran, Mike Hasenberg, Juliane Weski, Jesper Fonslet, Adrien Dubois, Frederic Boschetti, Franck Denat, Matthias Gunzer, Martin Eichner, Lauren S Ryder, Mikael Jensen, Roger Schibli, Bernd J Pichler, Stefan Wiehr, Christopher R Thornton
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a life-threatening lung disease of hematological malignancy or bone marrow transplant patients caused by the ubiquitous environmental fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. Current diagnostic tests for the disease lack sensitivity as well as specificity, and culture of the fungus from invasive lung biopsy, considered the gold standard for IPA detection, is slow and often not possible in critically ill patients. In a previous study, we reported the development of a novel non-invasive procedure for IPA diagnosis based on antibody-guided positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (immunoPET/MRI) using a [(64)Cu]DOTA-labeled mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb), mJF5, specific to Aspergillus...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855484/recognition-of-cryptococcus-neoformans-by-pattern-recognition-receptors-and-its-role-in-host-defense-to-this-infection
#16
Ko Sato, Kazuyoshi Kawakami
Cryptococcus neoformans is a yeast-type opportunistic fungal pathogen with a capsule structure consisting of polysaccharides, such as glucuronoxylomannan and galactoxylomannan, and infects the lungs via an air-borne route. Most healthy individuals undergo asymptomatic infection with granulomatous lesions in the lungs caused by C. neoformans. However, immunocompromised hosts with severely impaired cellular immunity, such as those with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), often suffer from disseminated infection into the central nervous system, leading to life-threatening meningoencephalitis...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711856/rnaseq-based-transcriptome-comparison-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strains-isolated-from-diverse-fermentative-environments
#17
Clara Ibáñez, Roberto Pérez-Torrado, Miguel Morard, Christina Toft, Eladio Barrio, Amparo Querol
Transcriptome analyses play a central role in unraveling the complexity of gene expression regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This species, one of the most important microorganisms for humans given its industrial applications, shows an astonishing degree of genetic and phenotypic variability among different strains adapted to specific environments. In order to gain novel insights into the Saccharomyces cerevisiae biology of strains adapted to different fermentative environments, we analyzed the whole transcriptome of three strains isolated from wine, flor wine or mezcal fermentations...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669180/polysaccharides-and-oligosaccharides-produced-on-malvar-wines-elaborated-with-torulaspora-delbrueckii-cli-918-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-cli-889-native-yeasts-from-d-o-vinos-de-madrid
#18
Margarita García, Rafael Apolinar-Valiente, Pascale Williams, Braulio Esteve-Zarzoso, Teresa Arroyo, Julia Crespo, Thierry Doco
Polysaccharides and oligosaccharides released into Malvar white wines elaborated through pure, mixed, and sequential cultures with Torulaspora delbrueckii CLI 918 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae CLI 889 native yeasts from D.O. "Vinos de Madrid" were studied. Both fractions from different white wines were separated by high-resolution size-exclusion chromatography. Glycosyl composition and wine polysaccharide linkages were determined by GC-EI-MS chromatography. Molar-mass distributions were determined by SEC-MALLS, and intrinsic viscosity was determined by differential viscometer...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585252/polysaccharides-oligosaccharides-and-nitrogenous-compounds-change-during-the-ageing-of-tempranillo-and-verdejo-sparkling-wines
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Leticia Martínez-Lapuente, Rafael Apolinar-Valiente, Zenaida Guadalupe, Belén Ayestarán, Silvia Pérez-Magariño, Pascale Williams, Thierry Doco
BACKGROUND: Verdejo and Tempranillo are traditional varieties for producing still wines; however, they could provide an alternative for the manufacturing of sparkling wines. Sparkling wines were elaborated by the traditional method, followed by ageing on lees for 9 months. A study on the changes that take place in polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and nitrogenous compounds during the ageing on lees of Tempranillo and Verdejo sparkling wines has been undertaken. RESULTS: Mannoproteins and the glucose residue of oligosaccharides were the major carbohydrates detected in all vinification stages...
January 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528104/effect-of-egg-albumin-fining-progressive-clarification-and-cross-flow-microfiltration-on-the-polysaccharide-and-proanthocyanidin-composition-of-red-varietal-wines
#20
Leticia Martínez-Lapuente, Zenaida Guadalupe, Belén Ayestarán
The effect of egg albumin fining, progressive clarification and cross-flow microfiltration on the polysaccharide and proanthocyanidin composition of four red varietal wines was studied in this work. Discriminant analyses were applied to achieve a possible differentiation of the wines according to treatment or grape variety. Egg albumin fining did no produce a significant decrease in the content of wine polysaccharides. Progressive clarification caused a significant reduction of mannoproteins, homogalacturonans and polysaccharides rich in arabinose and galactose in Graciano wines...
June 2017: Food Research International
keyword
keyword
59660
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"