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C-type lectin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916358/the-functional-characterization-and-comparison-of-two-single-crd-containing-c-type-lectins-with-novel-and-typical-key-motifs-from-portunus-trituberculatus
#1
Mengmeng Huang, Changkao Mu, Yuehong Wu, Fei Ye, Dan Wang, Cong Sun, Zhengbing Lv, Bingnan Han, Chunlin Wang, Xue-Wei Xu
C-type lectins are a superfamily of Ca(2+)-dependent carbohydrate-recognition proteins, which play crucial roles in innate immunity including nonself-recognition and pathogen elimination. In the present study, two single-CRD containing C-type lectins were identified from swimming crab Portunus trituberculatus (designated as PtCTL-2 and PtCTL-3). The open reading frame (ORF) of PtCTL-2 encoded polypeptides of 485 amino acids with a signal peptide and a single carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD), while PtCTL-3's ORF encoded polypeptides of 241 amino acids with a coiled-coil region and a single-CRD...
September 12, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898769/lox-1-is-involved-in-il-1%C3%AE-production-and-extracellular-matrix-breakdown-in-dental-peri-implantitis
#2
Chengye Che, Jie Liu, Lei Ma, Huirong Xu, Na Bai, Qian Zhang
PURPOSE: To explore whether lectin-type oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) are involved in the nosogenesis of human dental peri-implantitis and determine the role of LOX-1 in IL-1β, MMP2 and MMP9 production in response to Porphyromonas gingivalis. METHODS: Peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) was collected from ten patients with healthy implants and ten patients with peri-implantitis...
September 9, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898525/analyses-of-n-linked-glycans-of-prp-s-c-revealed-predominantly-2-6-linked-sialic-acid-residues
#3
Elizaveta Katorcha, Ilia V Baskakov
Mammalian prions (PrP(S)(c) ) consist of misfolded, conformationally altered, self-replicating states of the sialoglycoprotein called prion protein or PrP(C) . Recent studies revealed that the sialylation status of PrP(S)(c) plays a major role in evading innate immunity and infecting a host. Establishing the type of linkage by which sialic acid residues are attached to galactose is important, as it helps to identify the sialyltransferases responsible for sialylating PrP(C) and outline strategies for manipulating the sialyation status of PrP(S)(c) ...
September 12, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890547/innate-immunity-in-tuberculosis-host-defense-vs-pathogen-evasion
#4
REVIEW
Cui Hua Liu, Haiying Liu, Baoxue Ge
The major innate immune cell types involved in tuberculosis (TB) infection are macrophages, dendritic cells (DCs), neutrophils and natural killer (NK) cells. These immune cells recognize the TB-causing pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) through various pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), including but not limited to Toll-like receptors (TLRs), Nod-like receptors (NLRs) and C-type lectin receptors (CLRs). Upon infection by Mtb, the host orchestrates multiple signaling cascades via the PRRs to launch a variety of innate immune defense functions such as phagocytosis, autophagy, apoptosis and inflammasome activation...
September 11, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888778/mincle-inhibits-neutrophils-and-macrophages-apoptosis-in-a-fumigatus-keratitis
#5
Jing Lin, Kun He, Guiqiu Zhao, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Guoqiang Zhu, Yawen Niu, Guipei Hao
PURPOSE: To determine whether macrophage inducible C-type lectin (Mincle) regulates neutrophils and macrophages apoptosis in A. fumigatus keratitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A murine model (C57BL/6) of fungal keratitis (AF) was established by gently scraping corneal central epithelium, smearing A. fumigatus on the epithelium surface and covering the eye with contact lenses. AF cell model was established by extracting neutrophils (PMN) and macrophages, and then infecting cells with A...
September 7, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886250/dectin-2-is-a-c-type-lectin-receptor-that-recognizes-pneumocystis-and-participates-in-innate-immune-responses
#6
Theodore J Kottom, Deanne M Hebrink, Paige E Jenson, Paige L Marsolek, Marcel Wüthrich, Huafeng Wang, Bruce Klein, Sho Yamasaki, Andrew H Limper
Pneumocystis remains an important fungal pathogen causing life-threatening pneumonia in patients with AIDS and malignancy. Lung fungal pathogens are recognized by C-type Lectin Receptors (CLRs), which bind specific ligands and stimulate innate immune responses. Previously, a role for the CLR Dectin-1 has been shown to mediate immune responses to Pneumocystis spp. For this reason, we investigated a potential role for Dectin-2. Rats with Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) exhibited elevated Dectin-2 mRNA levels. Soluble Dectin-2 CRD fusions protein showed binding to intact Pneumocystis carinii (Pc) and to native Pneumocystis major surface glycoprotein/glycoprotein A (Msg/gpA)...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878328/clec14a-hsp70-1a-interaction-regulates-hsp70-1a-induced-angiogenesis
#7
Jihye Jang, Mi Ra Kim, Taek-Keun Kim, Woo Ran Lee, Jong Heon Kim, Kyun Heo, Sukmook Lee
CLEC14a (C-type lectin domain family 14 member) is a tumor endothelial cell marker protein that is known to play an important role in tumor angiogenesis, but the basic molecular mechanisms underlying this function have not yet been clearly elucidated. In this study, using various proteomic tools, we isolated a 70-kDa protein that interacts with the C-type lectin-like domain of CLEC14a (CLEC14a-CTLD) and identified it as heat shock protein 70-1A (HSP70-1A). Co-immunoprecipitation showed that HSP70-1A and CLEC14a interact on endothelial cells...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873980/human-primary-myeloid-dendritic-cells-interact-with-the-opportunistic-fungal-pathogen-aspergillus-fumigatus-via-the-c-type-lectin-receptor-dectin-1
#8
Maike Hefter, Jasmin Lother, Esther Weiß, Anna Lena Schmitt, Mirjam Fliesser, Hermann Einsele, Juergen Loeffler
Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic fungal pathogen causing detrimental infections in immunocompromised individuals. Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells and recognize the A. fumigatus cell wall component β-1,3 glucan via Dectin-1, followed by DC maturation and cytokine release. Here, we demonstrate that human primary myeloid DCs (mDCs) interact with different morphotypes of A. fumigatus. Dectin-1 is expressed on mDCs and is down-regulated after contact with A. fumigatus, indicating that mDCs recognize A...
July 1, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871230/comparative-analysis-for-glycopatterns-and-complex-type-n-glycans-of-glycoprotein-in-sera-from-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-infected-patients
#9
Xinmin Qin, Yonghong Guo, Haoqi Du, Yaogang Zhong, Jiaxu Zhang, Xuetian Li, Hanjie Yu, Zhiwei Zhang, Zhansheng Jia, Zheng Li
Background: Chronic infection with HBV (CHB) or HCV (CHC) is the most common chronic viral hepatitis that can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in humans, their infections have distinct pathogenic processes, however, little is known about the difference of glycoprotein glycopatterns in serum between hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. Methods: A method combining the lectin microarrays, letin-mediated affinity capture glycoproteins, and MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS was employed to analyze serum protein glycopatterns and identify the glycan structures from patients with CHB (n = 54) or CHC(n = 47), and healthy volunteers (HV, n = 35)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870859/ocean-acidification-and-pathogen-exposure-modulate-the-immune-response-of-the-edible-mussel-mytilus-chilensis
#10
Nicole Castillo, Luisa M Saavedra, Cristian A Vargas, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate, Camille Détrée
Ocean acidification (OA) is one of the main consequences of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), impacting key biological processes of marine organisms such as development, growth and immune response. However, there are scarce studies on the influence of OA on marine invertebrates' ability to cope with pathogens. This study evaluated the single and combined effects of OA and bacterial infection on the transcription expression of genes related to antioxidant system, antimicrobial peptides and pattern recognition receptors in the edible mussel Mytilus chilensis...
September 1, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870445/gene-expression-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-novel-c-type-lectin-encapsulation-promoting-lectin-epl-in-the-rice-armyworm-mythimna-separata
#11
Teruhito Ishihara, Yuki Maruyama, Seiichi Furukawa
Insect cellular immune reactions differ depending on the target species. Phagocytosis is activated to scavenge microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. On the other hand, larger invaders such as parasitoid wasps are eliminated by activation of encapsulation. In this study, we hypothesized that novel determinants regulate cellular immunities independent of surface molecular pattern recognition involving pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). Immune-related genes differentially expressed depending on the treated material size were screened in larval hemocytes of the rice armyworm, Mythimna separata...
September 1, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867209/identification-and-molecular-profiling-of-dc-sign-like-from-big-belly-seahorse-hippocampus-abdominalis-inferring-its-potential-relevancy-in-host-immunity
#12
Eunyoung Jo, Don Anushka Sandaruwan Elvitigala, Qiang Wan, Minyoung Oh, Chulhong Oh, Jehee Lee
Dendritic-cell-specific ICAM-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) is a C-type lectin that functions as a pattern recognition receptor by recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). It is also involved in various events of the dendritic cell (DC) life cycle, such as DC migration, antigen capture and presentation, and T cell priming. In this study, a DC-SIGN-like gene from the big belly seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis (designated as ShDCS-like) was identified and molecularly characterized. The putative, complete ORF was found to be 1368 bp in length, encoding a protein of 462 amino acids with a molecular mass of 52...
September 1, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865053/dc-sign-promotes-japanese-encephalitis-virus-transmission-from-dendritic-cells-to-t-cells-via-virological-synapses
#13
Ping Wang, Mei Li, Wei Lu, Di Zhang, Qinxue Hu, Yalan Liu
Skin-resident dendritic cells (DCs) likely encounter incoming viruses in the first place, and their migration to lymph nodes following virus capture may promote viral replication. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes remain unclear. In the present study, we found that compared to cell-free viruses, DC-bound viruses showed enhanced capture of JEV by T cells. Additionally, JEV infection was increased by co-culturing DCs and T cells. Blocking the C-type lectin receptor DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) with neutralizing antibodies or antagonists blocked JEV transmission to T cells...
August 31, 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858830/exposure-to-low-levels-of-lead-in-utero-and-umbilical-cord-blood-dna-methylation-in-project-viva-an-epigenome-wide-association-study
#14
Shaowei Wu, Marie-France Hivert, Andres Cardenas, Jia Zhong, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Golareh Agha, Elena Colicino, Allan C Just, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Xihong Lin, Augusto A Litonjua, Dawn L DeMeo, Matthew W Gillman, Robert O Wright, Emily Oken, Andrea A Baccarelli
BACKGROUND: Early-life exposure to lead is associated with deficits in neurodevelopment and with hematopoietic system toxicity. DNA methylation may be one of the underlying mechanisms for the adverse effects of prenatal lead on the offspring, but epigenome-wide methylation data for low levels of prenatal lead exposure are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between prenatal maternal lead exposure and epigenome-wide DNA methylation in umbilical cord blood nucleated cells in Project Viva, a prospective U...
August 25, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855949/ileal-antimicrobial-peptide-expression-is-dysregulated-in-old-age
#15
Sarah Tremblay, Nathalie Marie Louise Côté, Guillaume Grenier, Gabriella Duclos-Lasnier, Louis-Charles Fortier, Subburaj Ilangumaran, Alfredo Menendez
In an effort to understand the mechanisms underlying the high prevalence of gastrointestinal tract disorders in old age, we investigated the expression of intestinal antimicrobial peptides in the terminal small intestine of aged mice. Our results show that old mice have reduced transcript levels of ileal α-defensins and lysozyme, two important types of intestinal antimicrobial peptides produced by Paneth cells. In contrast, expression of the C-type lectins Reg3b and Reg3g, as well as β-defensin 1, angiogenin 4 and Relmb, which are made by several epithelial cell types, was significantly upregulated in aged animals suggesting an ongoing response to epithelial distress...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855484/recognition-of-cryptococcus-neoformans-by-pattern-recognition-receptors-and-its-role-in-host-defense-to-this-infection
#16
Ko Sato, Kazuyoshi Kawakami
Cryptococcus neoformans is a yeast-type opportunistic fungal pathogen with a capsule structure consisting of polysaccharides, such as glucuronoxylomannan and galactoxylomannan, and infects the lungs via an air-borne route. Most healthy individuals undergo asymptomatic infection with granulomatous lesions in the lungs caused by C. neoformans. However, immunocompromised hosts with severely impaired cellular immunity, such as those with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), often suffer from disseminated infection into the central nervous system, leading to life-threatening meningoencephalitis...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854748/pattern-recognition-receptor-genes-expression-profiling-in-indigenous-chickens-of-india-and-white-leghorn
#17
S Haunshi, Arun Kumar Burramsetty, T R Kannaki, K S Raja Ravindra, R N Chatterjee
Pattern recognition receptors (PRR) such as Toll-like receptors, NOD-like receptors, RIG-I helicase receptors, and C-type lectin receptors play a critical role in innate immunity as a first line of defense against invading pathogens through recognition of pathogen and/or damage-associated molecular patterns. Genetic makeup of birds is known to play a role in resistance or susceptibility to various infectious diseases. Therefore, the present study was carried out to elucidate the differential expression of PRR and some of the cytokine genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of indigenous chicken breeds such as Ghagus and Nicobari and an exotic chicken breed, White Leghorn (WLH)...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846925/interaction-of-extremophilic-archaeal-viruses-with-human-and-mouse-complement-system-and-viral-biodistribution-in-mice
#18
Linping Wu, Kristine Buch Uldahl, Fangfang Chen, Halli Benasutti, Deborah Logvinski, Vivian Vu, Nirmal K Banda, Xu Peng, Dmitri Simberg, Seyed Moein Moghimi
Archaeal viruses offer exceptional biophysical properties for modification and exploration of their potential in bionanotechnology, bioengineering and nanotherapeutic developments. However, the interaction of archaeal viruses with elements of the innate immune system has not been explored, which is a necessary prerequisite if their potential for biomedical applications to be realized. Here we show complement activation through lectin (via direct binding of MBL/MASPs) and alternative pathways by two extremophilic archaeal viruses (Sulfolobus monocaudavirus 1 and Sulfolobus spindle-shaped virus 2) in human serum...
August 25, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844966/lipopolysaccharide-specific-binding-c-type-lectin-with-one-crd-domain-from-fenneropenaeus-merguiensis-fmlc4-functions-as-a-pattern-recognition-receptor-in-shrimp-innate-immunity
#19
Prapaporn Utarabhand, Supattra Thepnarong, Phanthipha Runsaeng
In crustaceans, an innate immune system is solely required because they lack an adaptive immunity. One kind of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that plays a particular role in the innate immunity of aquatic shrimp is lectin. A new diverse C-type lectin (FmLC4) was cloned from the hepatopancreas of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis by using RT-PCR and 5' and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends approaches. A full-length FmLC4 cDNA comprises 706 bp with an open reading frame of 552 bp, encoding a peptide of 184 amino acids...
August 24, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842004/application-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-cdse-quantum-dots-sensitized-with-of-c-like-lectin-for-detection-of-st-aureus-comparison-of-various-approaches
#20
Varduhi A Hovhannisyan, Inga L Bazukyan, Vardan K Gasparyan
C-type lectin from hen egg shell as a recognition ligand for detection of St. aureus was applied. Three approaches for detection of bacteria were used and the sensitivities of the assays were compared. Two of them included spherical and anisotropic silver nanoparticles sensitized by lectin. In these cases the optical changes as a result of interaction of sensitized nanoparticles with bacteria were measured. In the third approach hybrid system of CdSe quantum dots-anisotropic silver nanoparticles sensitized by lectin was applied...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
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