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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017680/carotid-intima-media-thickness-percentiles-for-pakistani-population
#1
Waseem Mirza, Mubashir Aslam Arain, Arif Ali, Vaqar Bari, Mirza Kazim Ali, Kainat Fatima
Carotid artery intima media thickness estimation is a well-established way of cardio vascular disease evaluation. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to develop normal carotid intima media thickness percentile values for a Pakistani cohort. Data was collected at the Departments of Radiology and Family Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from April 2014 to August 2015. High frequency ultrasound of carotid was done in 257 patients [97 male (38%), 160 female (62%)] without any known carotid artery disease...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016297/case-series-of-naegleria-fowleri-primary-ameobic-meningoencephalitis-from-karachi-pakistan
#2
Najia K Ghanchi, Bushra Jamil, Erum Khan, Zeeshan Ansar, Azra Samreen, Afia Zafar, Zahra Hasan
Naegleria fowleri causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) which is almost always fatal. Naegleria fowleri is waterborne, and its infections are usually associated with aquatic activities but it can also be transmitted via the domestic water supply. An increasing number of N. fowleri cases have been reported from Pakistan. Improved methods for diagnosis are required. We report the utility of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the diagnosis of N. fowleri in patients suspected of PAM. One hundred and sixteen cases suspected of having PAM were examined...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989830/combining-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnosing-focal-brain-lesions-in-children
#3
Farah Naz, Waseem A Mirza, Nauman Hashmani
Introduction We attempted to find the sensitivity and specificity of various pediatric brain masses in the Pakistani population while keeping histopathology or clinical diagnosis as the gold standard.   Methods This was a retrospective study that was conducted from January 2007 to January 2016. We reviewed the records of 204 patients that presented to the radiology department of Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH). Out of the 204, 135 pediatric patients in the 0-18 age group with focal brain lesions who underwent magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and a biopsy or clinical diagnosis were included...
August 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955089/pancreaticogastrostomy-an-alternate-for-dealing-with-pancreatic-remnant-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-of-pakistan
#4
Tabish Chawla, Hassaan Bari, Shahrukh Effendi
Whipple's pancreaticoduodenectomy has been refined over the years to be a safe operation though the morbidity rate still remains high (30-50%). Pancreatic fistula is the most important cause of mortality following pancreaticoduodenectomy. To prevent it, surgeons have used two anastomotic techniques: pancreaticojejunostomy and pancreaticogastrostomy. Recent studies found that pancreaticogastrostomy is associated with fewer overall complications than pancreaticojejunostomy. This is a retrospective review of patients who underwent Whipple's at Aga Khan University Hospital and had pancreaticogastrostomy as a preferred anastomosis for pancreatic stump...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924298/impressions-and-attitudes-of-adult-residents-of-karachi-towards-a-possible-public-health-insurance-scheme
#5
Vishal Farid Raza, Mustafa Iftikhar, Asma Gulab, Javeria Anwar, Maryam Tetlay, Sara Atif, Zoya Butt, Muhammad Hamza Khan, Asad Moiz, Marium Nadeem, Sarah Saleem
OBJECTIVE: To gauge the general population's knowledge and attitude towards a possible public health insurance scheme. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from April to May 2015, and comprised permanent residents of the city. Convenience sampling was used. Data was collected via questionnaires. SPSS 22 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: There were 340 participants in the study with an overall mean age of 32...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924266/effects-of-bomb-blast-injury-on-the-ears-the-aga-khan-university-hospital-experience
#6
Talha Ahmed Qureshi, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nabeel Hamayun Hassan, Agha Hussain Aftab, Syed Adnan Ali
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and effects of blast-related otologic injuries. METHODS: his retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised charts of patients who were victims of bomb explosions between January 2011 and July 2013. Frequency and percentages were reported using cross tabulation with size of bomb, distance of person from blast and the presence of victim in open or closed space. Association of associated variables were also analysed...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856073/correlation-of-tp53-overexpression-and-clinical-parameters-with-five-year-survival-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#7
Syed A Ali, Hamza A Khan, Omar Irfan, Adeel Samad, Yumna Mirza, Muhammad S Awan
Introduction TP53 mutation and overexpression have been correlated with poor survival in many cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We aim to understand the role of TP53 overexpression in OSCC in our population and correlate it with five-year survival to test its viability as a prognostic marker for OSCC patients. Materials and methods Patients with biopsy proven OSCC at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2000 to January 2008 were recruited. Immunohistochemistry was used to establish TP53 status and the results were published...
June 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839312/short-term-outcomes-after-hepatic-resection-perspective-from-a-developing-country
#8
Saleema Begum, Muhammad Rizwan Khan
OBJECTIVE: To review the early outcomes of hepatic resection at our hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2008 to December 2015, and comprised patients who underwent hepatic resection. We analysed the pathology, magnitude of hepatic resection and short-term outcomes in the patients. Mean and standard deviations were used to describe categorical data whereas frequencies and proportions to describe quantitative data...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839295/knowledge-attitude-and-perceptions-of-muslim-cancer-patients-regarding-cancer-treatment-during-ramadan-results-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-karachi
#9
Afshan Asghar Rasheed, Yasmin Abdul Rashid, Farah Tahir Pirzada, Fawad Haroon, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Ahmed Rahim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitude of Muslim cancer patients regarding cancer treatment during Ramadan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from July to August 2015, and comprised cancer patients. .Adult Muslim cancer patients receiving active oncological treatment or on surveillance were included. Patients on only supportive treatment were excluded. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 265 patients, 87(32...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818163/evaluation-of-ckd-epi-pakistan-equation-for-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-egfr-acomparison-of-egfr-prediction-equations-in-pakistani-population
#10
Sibtain Ahmed, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of 24-hour urinary creatinine clearance (CrCl) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), CKD-EPI Pakistan (CKD-EPI Pak), Cockcroft Gault (CG) and 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Section of Clinical Chemistry, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, from June to October 2013...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814888/frequency-of-colistin-and-fosfomycin-resistance-in-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karachi
#11
Salima Qamar, Najma Shaheen, Sadia Shakoor, Joveria Farooqi, Kauser Jabeen, Rumina Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Management of infections with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is challenging. In recent times, agents such as colistin and fosfomycin have been used in combination with other antibiotics to treat such infections. In this study, we aim to seek frequency of colistin and fosfomycin resistance in CRE from Pakistan. METHODS: This study was conducted at clinical laboratories, Aga Khan University Hospital. In total, 251 CRE were included in the study...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811770/clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center-in-pakistan
#12
Danish Abdul Aziz, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Ahad Qureshi, Misha Khalid, Salman Kirmani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentation, diagnostic investigations and laboratory workup done in admitted children with cystic fibrosis at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: This is athree years retrospective study from January 2013 to December 2015 conducted at The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi Pakistan, enrolling admitted patient from birth to 15 years of either gender, diagnosed with CF on the basis of clinical features and positive sweat chloride test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811763/microalbuminuria-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-tip-of-iceberg-of-diabetic-complications
#13
Tauseef Ahmad, Imran Ulhaq, Minaz Mawani, Najmul Islam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria and its association with hypertension and other diabetic complications among Type-2 diabetic patients attending at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. METHODS: 1280 Type-2 diabetes patients who visited the outpatient department of Aga Khan University Hospital from September 2014 to August 2016 were included in the study. Microalbuminuria was diagnosed if spot urinary microalbumin excretion was confirmed to be more than 20mg/l...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794871/bleeding-complications-post-ultrasound-guided-renal-biopsy-a-single-centre-experience-from-pakistan
#14
Rabeea Azmat, Abdul Basit Siddiqui, M Tahir Rizwan Khan, Shiyam Sunder, Waqar Kashif
INTRODUCTION: Renal biopsy is the diagnostic modality of choice for the diagnosis of renal parenchymal diseases. The advent of improved imaging techniques and biopsy needles over the years has increased the safety of the procedure and the ability to obtain adequate renal tissue for diagnosis. However, there is paucity of data in this regard from Pakistan. This study shall help in establishing the local perspective of the frequency of bleeding complications in percutaneous ultrasound guided renal biopsy...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770888/spectrum-of-interstitial-lung-disease-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karachi
#15
Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi, Maryam Hassan, Talha Shahzad, Sajjad Sarwar, Aamir Abbas, Huzaifa Ahmad, Muhammad Irfan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical features and patterns of interstitial lung disease. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of patients diagnosed with interstitial lung disease from January 2005 to December 2015. All patients aged 16 years and above diagnosed with interstitial lung disease on the basis of clinical features, radiological features on high-resolution computed tomography of the chest, and lung biopsies were included...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770879/incidence-and-pattern-of-thrombocytopenia-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#16
Mohammad Hamid, Mohammad Irfan Akhtar, Hamid Iqil Naqvi, Khalid Ahsan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the incidence and pattern of thrombocytopenia in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: This prospective, cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from November 2014 to April 2015, and comprised adult cardiac patients. Patients with platelet count less than 150,000 x 109/L, history of malignancy, immune thrombocytopenic purpura and on chemo or radiotherapy were excluded. All information including demographics, platelet count, heparin doses, total cardiopulmonary bypass time, cross-clamp time, blood products transfused, any thromboembolic complication and the presence of infection were recorded on a pre-designed proforma...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764278/comparison-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-immunohistochemistry-assays-for-analysing-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Muhammad Sohail Awan, Babar Irfan, Ibrahim Zahid, Yumna Mirza, Syed Adnan Ali
INTRODUCTION: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC) are two well-known techniques used for the diagnoses of genetic diseases, tumours and different pathogens. PCR basically amplify regions of DNA within a single molecule which may have etiologic significance, it is a method for in vitro amplification of specific DNA or RNA sequences, whereas IHC is used to verify tissue constituents (the antigens) with the utilization of specific antibodies that can be visualized through staining...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748893/complication-rate-and-diagnostic-yield-of-percutaneous-native-kidney-biopsies-a-10-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#18
Sonia Yaqub, Nayla Ahmed, Urooj Fatima, Ayesha Maqbool, Waqar Ashif, Syed A Hussain
The use of an automated biopsy device, and real-time ultrasound for percutaneous kidney biopsies (PKBs) has improved the likelihood of obtaining adequate tissue for diagnosis and also has reduced the complications associated with the procedure. We aimed to determine the frequency and type of complications associated with PKB and to determine the diagnostic yield. It was a retrospective file-based review of cases who underwent PKB of native kidney between January 2003 and December 2013 at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713628/outcomes-of-post-neurosurgical-ventriculostomy-associated-infections
#19
Muhammad E Bari, Ghani Haider, Komail Malik, Muhammad Waqas, Syed F Mahmood, Mubbashira Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Ventriculostomy-associated infection (VAI) is a major concern to physicians. Limited studies have looked at the outcomes of external ventricular drain (EVD) infection and predictors of unfavorable outcomes. In this study, we assessed the outcomes of EVD infection and predictors of unfavorable outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective medical chart review, conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital. All the patients irrespective of age and gender, fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of VAI were included...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709556/intussusception-among-children-less-than-2years-of-age-findings-from-pre-vaccine-introduction-surveillance-in-pakistan
#20
Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rozina Thobani, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir Saddal, Catherine Yen, Negar Aliabadi, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccination introduction in routine immunization is under consideration in Pakistan. Data on the baseline epidemiology of intussusception will inform surveillance strategies for intussusception after rotavirus vaccine introduction in Pakistan. We describe the epidemiology of intussusception-associated hospitalizations among children <2years of age in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review for July 01, 2012 through June 30, 2015 at the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) and Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) Karachi...
July 11, 2017: Vaccine
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