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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630614/a-plant-based-diet-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Michelle McMacken, Sapana Shah
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, especially in older adults. Diet and lifestyle, particularly plant-based diets, are effective tools for type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Plant-based diets are eating patterns that emphasize legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds and discourage most or all animal products. Cohort studies strongly support the role of plant-based diets, and food and nutrient components of plant-based diets, in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628271/surgical-treatment-of-trans-sphincteric-anal-fistulas-with-the-fat-graft-technique-a-minimally-invasive-procedure
#2
N Stroumza, G Fuzco, J Laporte, R Nail Barthelemy, S Houry, M Atlan
AIM: Anal fistulas are common pathologies with a significant social impact; however their treatment is often complex and the recurrence rate can be significant. Some surgical treatments for fistula are also associated with the risk of sphincter injury. In this technical note, we aim to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of the Fat GRAFT technique (Fat Grafting in Anal Fistula Treatment) in the treatment of recurrent anal fistulas. METHOD: All patients presenting with recurrent trans-sphincteric anal fistulas over an 18-month period were included...
June 19, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625206/organic-food-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-health-related-characteristics-the-koala-birth-cohort-study
#3
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí, Eugene Hjm Jansen, Martien Cjm van Dongen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carel Thijs
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of organic food consumption with maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and several blood biomarkers of pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited at midwives' practices and through channels related to consumption of food from organic origin. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women who filled in FFQ and donated a blood sample (n 1339)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625013/anti-mutagenic-properties-of-mono-and-dienoic-acid-biohydrogenation-products-from-beef-fat
#4
Jeyachchandran Visvalingam, Payam Vahmani, David C Rolland, Michael E R Dugan, Xianqin Yang
Unsaturated fatty acid biohydrogenation products from beef fat and pure fatty acids were subjected to the Ames Salmonella mutagenicity testing, including monounsaturated fatty acids [MUFA: oleic acid, vaccenic acid, elaidic acid; beef fatty acid fractions rich in trans (t)11/t13-t14-18:1 (t11,13,14-Frac), t10-18:1 (t10-Frac)] and dienoic fatty acids [linoleic acid, conjugated linoleic isomers cis (c)9,t11-18:2 and t10,c12-18:2, and a mixed beef dienoic fatty acid fraction high in c9,t13-/t8,c12/t11c15-18:2 (MD)]...
June 17, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624284/comparing-the-effect-of-homogenization-and-heat-processing-on-the-properties-and-in-vitro-digestion-of-milk-from-organic-and-conventional-dairy-herds
#5
D L Van Hekken, M H Tunick, D X Ren, P M Tomasula
We compared the effects of homogenization and heat processing on the chemical and in vitro digestion traits of milk from organic and conventional herds. Raw milk from organic (>50% of dry matter intake from pasture) and conventional (no access to pasture) farms were adjusted to commercial whole and nonfat milk fat standards, and processed with or without homogenization, and with high-temperature-short-time or UHT pasteurization. The milk then underwent in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Comparison of milk from organic and conventional herds showed that the milks responded to processing in similar ways...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624283/effect-of-pasture-versus-indoor-feeding-systems-on-quality-characteristics-nutritional-composition-and-sensory-and-volatile-properties-of-full-fat-cheddar-cheese
#6
Tom F O'Callaghan, David T Mannion, Deirdre Hennessy, Stephen McAuliffe, Maurice G O'Sullivan, Natasha Leeuwendaal, Tom P Beresford, Pat Dillon, Kieran N Kilcawley, Jeremiah J Sheehan, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pasture-based versus indoor total mixed ration (TMR) feeding systems on the chemical composition, quality characteristics, and sensory properties of full fat Cheddar cheeses. Fifty-four multiparous and primiparous Friesian cows were divided into 3 groups (n = 18) for an entire lactation. Group 1 was housed indoors and fed a TMR diet of grass silage, maize silage, and concentrates; group 2 was maintained outdoors on perennial ryegrass only pasture (GRS); and group 3 was maintained outdoors on perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture (CLV)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614447/package-design-and-nutritional-profile-of-foods-targeted-at-children-in-supermarkets-in-montevideo-uruguay
#7
Ana Giménez, Luis de Saldamando, María Rosa Curutchet, Gastón Ares
Marketing of unhealthy products has been identified as one of the main characteristics of the food environment that negatively affects children's eating patterns. Restrictions on advertising of unhealthy foods to children have already been imposed in different countries. However, marketing strategies are not limited to broadcast and digital advertising, but also include package design. In this context, the current study aimed to describe the food products targeted at children and sold in supermarkets in Montevideo, Uruguay, in terms of package design and nutrient profile...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612831/abdominal-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-asian-indians-dietary-strategies-including-edible-oils-cooking-practices-and-sugar-intake
#8
REVIEW
S Gulati, A Misra
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing in rural and urban regions of South Asia including India. Pattern of fat deposition in abdomen, ectopic fat deposition (liver, pancreas) and also low lean mass are contributory to early-onset insulin resistance, dysmetabolic state and diabetes in Asian Indians. These metabolic perturbations are further exacerbated by changing lifestyle, diet urbanization, and mechanization. Important dietary imbalances include increasing use of oils containing high amount of trans fatty acids and saturated fats (partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, palmolein oil) use of deep frying method and reheating of oils for cooking, high intake of saturated fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates, low intake of protein, fiber and increasing intake of processed foods...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601459/in-vitro-response-to-epa-dpa-and-dha-comparison-of-effects-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-biohydrogenation-of-18-carbon-fatty-acids-in-cows-and-ewes
#9
P G Toral, G Hervás, D Carreño, H Leskinen, A Belenguer, K J Shingfield, P Frutos
The modulation of milk fat nutritional quality through fish oil supplementation seems to be largely explained by the action of n-3 very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) of C18 fatty acids (FA). However, relationships among this action, disappearance of those PUFA in the rumen, and potential detrimental consequences on ruminal fermentation remain uncertain. This study compared the effect of 20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid; EPA), 22:5n-3 (docosapentaenoic acid; DPA), and 22:6n-3 (docosahexaenoic acid; DHA) on rumen fermentation and BH of C18 FA and was conducted simultaneously in cows and sheep to provide novel insights into interspecies differences...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601456/inclusion-of-wheat-and-triticale-silage-in-the-diet-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#10
M T Harper, J Oh, F Giallongo, G W Roth, A N Hristov
The objective of this experiment was to partially replace corn silage with 2 alternative forages, wheat (Triticum aestivum) or triticale (X Triticosecale) silages at 10% of the diet dry matter (DM), and investigate the effects on dairy cow productivity, nutrient utilization, enteric CH4 emissions, and farm income over feed costs. Wheat and triticale were planted in the fall as cover crops and harvested in the spring at the boot stage. Neutral- and acid-detergent fiber and lignin concentrations were higher in the wheat and triticale silages compared with corn silage...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596583/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-in-renal-tumors-common-subtype-differentiation-using-pharmacokinetics
#11
Hai-Yi Wang, Zi-Hua Su, Xiao Xu, Ning Huang, Zhi-Peng Sun, Ying-Wei Wang, Lu Li, Ai-Tao Guo, Xin Chen, Xin Ma, Lin Ma, Hui-Yi Ye
Preoperative renal tumor subtype differentiation is important for radiology and urology in clinical practice. Pharmacokinetic data (K (trans) & V e, etc.) derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) have been used to investigate tumor vessel permeability. In this prospective study on DCE-MRI pharmacokinetic studies, we enrolled patients with five common renal tumor subtypes: clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC; n = 65), papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC; n = 12), chromophobic renal cell carcinoma (cRCC; n = 9), uroepithelial carcinoma (UEC; n = 14), and fat-poor angiomyolipoma (fpAML; n = 10)...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595290/dietary-fat-intake-and-fecundability-in-two-preconception-cohort-studies
#12
Lauren A Wise, Amelia K Wesselink, Katherine L Tucker, Shilpa Saklani, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Heidi Cueto, Anders H Riis, Ellen Trolle, Craig J McKinnon, Kristen A Hahn, Kenneth J Rothman, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Elizabeth E Hatch
The association between dietary fat and fertility is not well-studied. We evaluated intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids (TFA), and omega-3 and-6 fatty acids in relation to fecundability in Danish and North American preconception cohort studies. Female pregnancy planners completed a validated food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Pregnancy status was updated bimonthly for 12 months or until pregnancy. Fecundability ratios (FR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using multivariable proportional probabilities regression...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591940/cost-analysis-of-postmastectomy-reconstruction-a-comparison-of-two-staged-implant-reconstruction-using-tissue-expander-and-acellular-dermal-matrix-with-abdominal-based-perforator-free-flaps
#13
Bao Ngoc N Tran, Ayotunde Fadayomi, Samuel J Lin, Dhruv Singhal, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Two staged tissue expander-implant with acellular dermal matrix (TE/I + ADM) and deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap are the most common implant and autologous methods of reconstruction in the U.S. Implant-based techniques are disproportionally more popular, partially due to its presumed cost effectiveness. We performed a comprehensive cost analysis to compare TE/I + ADM and DIEP flap. METHODS: A comparative cost analysis of TE/I + ADM and DIEP flap was performed...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583073/does-the-presence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-or-established-disease-influence-the-dietary-intake-of-affected-adults-and-their-children-residing-in-the-same-household-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-australian-health-survey-2011-2013
#14
Jolene Thomas, Lily Chan, Amanda Wray, Jacqueline Miller, Kaye Mehta, Alison Yaxley, Kacie Dickinson, Louisa Matwiejczyk, Kathryn Jackson, Michelle Miller
BACKGROUND: Diet is an important contributor to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and integral in management and delaying progression. Little is known however about whether increased CVD risk or established CVD has any influence on dietary intakes of Australian adults or children residing in the same household. This study aimed to determine whether the presence of CVD or CVD risk factors influences dietary intake of Australian adults and if the presence of an adult with increased CVD risk influences the dietary intake of a child living in the same household...
June 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578832/a-biophysical-approach-to-quantify-skeletal-stem-cells-trans-differentiation-as-a-model-for-the-study-of-osteoporosis
#15
L Petecchia, F Viti, F Sbrana, M Vassalli, P Gavazzo
The stroma of human bone marrow contains a population of skeletal stem cells (hBM-MSC) which are common ancestors, among the others, of osteoblasts and adipocytes. It has been proposed that the imbalance between hBM-MSC osteogenesis and adipogenesis, which naturally accompanies bone marrow senescence, may contribute to the development of bone-associated diseases, like osteoporosis. The possibility to reproduce this mechanism in vitro has been demonstrated, providing a good model to disclose the details of the complex bone-fat generation homeostasis...
May 26, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578056/advances-in-edible-oleogel-technologies-a-decade-in-review
#16
REVIEW
A Singh, F-I Auzanneau, M A Rogers
Trans and saturated fat replacers/substitutes have been a tremendously active area of research for the food industry. Unlike polymers used for hydrogels, oleogels utilize small, amphiphilic molecules that self-assemble via highly specific, non-covalent interactions entrapping liquid oil via capillary forces. Edible applications of oleogels have replaced the need for trans unsaturated and saturated fatty acids to structure processed foods. These innovations mitigate the use of hardstock fats that are associated with deleterious health risks and negative consumer perception...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573557/synthesis-of-the-ddt-metabolite-2-4-dichloro-1-2-chloro-1-4-chlorophenyl-ethenyl-benzene-o-cl-ddmu-and-its-detection-in-abiotic-and-biotic-samples
#17
Christoph Gallistl, Katie Proctor, Korinna Bader, Walter Vetter
Technical dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) has been used worldwide as a pesticide since the beginning of the 1940s. Due to its persistence, DDT residues are still ubiquitously distributed in the environment. Photochemical UV degradation has been shown to be a potent degradation path for DDT and most of the resulting photoproducts have been identified up to now. Nevertheless, in 2012, a new DDT metabolite, most likely formed photochemically from DDE, was detected in ray liver samples from Brazil, an area which is highly contaminated with DDT...
June 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572944/a-potential-bioactive-hard-stock-fat-replacer-comprised-of-a-molecular-gel
#18
Michael A Rogers, Paul A Spagnuolo, Tzu-Min Wang, Leonard Angka
Short-chain ceramides, such as N-acetoyl-d-erythro-sphingosine (C2), have a remarkable ability to structure edible oils, such as canola oil, into self-standing organogels without any added saturated or trans fats. These short-chain ceramides are ubiquitously found in foods ranging from eggs to soybeans. As the ceramide fatty acid chain length increases, there is an increase in the melting temperature of the organogel and a decrease in the elastic modulus. Gelation ability is lost at 2 wt% when the fatty acid chain length increases to six carbons; however, organogels form at 5 wt% up to 18 carbons...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570943/%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitory-effect-of-resveratrol-and-piceatannol
#19
Albert J Zhang, Agnes M Rimando, Cassia S Mizuno, Suresh T Mathews
Dietary polyphenols have been shown to inhibit α-glucosidase, an enzyme target of some antidiabetic drugs. Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in grapes and wine, has been reported to inhibit the activity of yeast α-glucosidase. This triggered our interest to synthesize analogs and determine their effect on mammalian α-glucosidase activity. Using either sucrose or maltose as substrate resveratrol, piceatannol and 3'-hydroxypterostilbene showed strong inhibition of mammalian α-glucosidase activity; pinostilbene, cis-desoxyrhapontigenin and trans-desoxyrhapontigenin had moderate inhibition...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567576/effect-of-a-trans-fatty-acid-enriched-diet-on-mitochondrial-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-the-cortex-and-hippocampus-of-wistar-rats
#20
Rafael Longhi, Roberto Farina Almeida, Leticia Ferreira Pettenuzzo, Débora Guerini Souza, Letiane Machado, André Quincozes-Santos, Diogo Onofre Souza
PURPOSE: Previously showed that dietary trans fatty acids (TFAs) may cause systemic inflammation and affect the central nervous system (CNS) in Wistar rats by increased levels of cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum (Longhi et al. Eur J Nutr 56(3):1003-1016, 1). Here, we aimed to clarifying the impact of diets with different TFA concentrations on cerebral tissue, focusing on hippocampus and cortex and behavioral performance. METHODS: Wistar rats were fed either a normolipidic or a hyperlipidic diet for 90 days; diets had the same ingredients except for fat compositions, concentrations, and calories...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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