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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#1
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079262/pediatric-obesity-pharmacokinetic-alterations-and-effects-on-antimicrobial-dosing
#2
Stephanie Natale, John Bradley, William Huy Nguyen, Tri Tran, Pamela Ny, Kirsten La, Eva Vivian, Jennifer Le
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist for appropriate drug dosing in obese children. This comprehensive review summarizes pharmacokinetic alterations that occur with age and obesity, and these effects on antimicrobial dosing. A thorough comparison of different measures of body weight and specific antimicrobial agents, including cefazolin, cefepime, ceftazidime, daptomycin, doripenem, gentamicin, linezolid, meropenem, piperacill-tazobactam, tobramycin, vancomycin, and voriconazole, are presented...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071024/effect-of-barley-%C3%AE-glucan-addition-as-a-fat-replacer-on-muffin-quality
#3
Sylwia Onacik-Gür, Anna Żbikowska, Ewa Kapler, Hanna Kowalska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to perform the partial replacement of bakery fat with barley β-glucan in muffins and to determine its effect on the physical properties of products. Most shortenings used in the industry are solid fats rich in saturated fatty acids and often trans fatty isomers, which are nutritionally unfavorable. METHODS: Dough and baked muffins were used as the research material. Five muffin recipes were prepared: control (K0%) with 16% fat content in the total dough weight, with fat content decreased by 10% (PG10%), 15% (PG15%), 20% (PG20%) and 25% (PG25%)...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063804/feasibility-and-potential-benefits-of-a-self-monitoring-enhanced-lifestyle-intervention-to-prevent-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-in-women-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#4
Carol Shieh, Ziyi Yang, David M Haas, Janet S Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. DESIGN: A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. SETTING: Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m(2), without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059097/fibrous-hamartoma-of-infancy-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-145-cases-including-2-with-sarcomatous-features
#5
Alyaa Al-Ibraheemi, Anthony Martinez, Sharon W Weiss, Harry P Kozakewich, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Henry Tran, David M Parham, William R Sukov, Karen J Fritchie, Andrew L Folpe
Fibrous hamartoma of infancy is a rare soft tissue lesion of infants and young children with characteristic triphasic morphology, which typically occurs in the axilla and less commonly in other locations. We reviewed 145 cases of fibrous hamartoma of infancy from our consultation archives. Cases occurred in 106 males and 39 females (mean age-15 months; range-birth to 14 years), and involved both typical sites (eg, axilla/back/upper arm) (n=69) and unusual locations (n=76). Six were congenital. The tumors presented as subcutaneous masses and ranged from 0...
January 6, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045194/the-effect-of-increasing-levels-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-seed-on-the-performance-ruminal-fermentation-antioxidant-status-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-of-saanen-dairy-goats
#6
M Sharifi, M Bashtani, A A Naserian, H Farhangfar
This study was conducted to examine the effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seed (DPS) on the performance, ruminal fermentation, antioxidant status and milk fatty acid (FA) profile of dairy goats. Eight multiparous Saanen dairy goats, averaging 97 ± 7 days in milk (DIM) and 2150 ± 130 g of milk production, were used in a 4 × 4 replicated Latin square design. Experimental diets contained 0% (control), 6% (DPS6), 12% (DPS12) and 18% (DPS18) of DPS. Dry matter intake (DMI), milk production, and the composition and digestibility of the dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and crude protein (CP) were not affected by the diets...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041737/potassium-carbonate-as-a-cation-source-for-early-lactation-dairy-cows-fed-high-concentrate-diets
#7
A R Alfonso-Avila, É Charbonneau, P Y Chouinard, G F Tremblay, R Gervais
Previous studies reported that addition of K2CO3 to high-concentrate diets improved milk fat synthesis, although the mechanism is yet to be established. The objective of the current experiment was to investigate the effects of dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD), cation source, and buffering ability of the mineral supplement on rumen biohydrogenation of fatty acids and production performance in dairy cows fed a high-concentrate diet. Thirty-five early-lactation Holstein cows (25 multiparous ruminally fistulated and 10 primiparous nonfistulated) were used in a randomized complete block design (7 blocks) with 33-d periods, including a 5-d pre-treatment collection period used as a covariate...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030556/hepatocyte-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-mediates-the-development-of-liver-fibrosis-in-a-mouse-model-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Omar A Mesarwi, Mi-Kyung Shin, Shannon Bevans-Fonti, Christina Schlesinger, Janet Shaw, Vsevolod Y Polotsky
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to steatohepatitis and fibrosis. This progression correlates with the severity of OSA-associated hypoxia. In mice with diet induced obesity, hepatic steatosis leads to liver tissue hypoxia, which worsens with exposure to intermittent hypoxia. Emerging data has implicated hepatocyte cell signaling as an important factor in hepatic fibrogenesis. We hypothesized that hepatocyte specific knockout of the oxygen sensing α subunit of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a master regulator of the global response to hypoxia, may be protective against the development of liver fibrosis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009050/factors-influencing-micronutrient-bioavailability-in-biofortified-crops
#9
Aurélie Bechoff, Claudie Dhuique-Mayer
Dietary and human factors have been found to be the major factors influencing the bioavailability of micronutrients, such as provitamin A carotenoid (pVAC), iron, and zinc, in biofortified crops. Dietary factors are related to food matrix structure and composition. Processing can improve pVAC bioavailability by disrupting the food matrix but can also result in carotenoid losses. By degrading antinutrients, such as phytate, processing can also enhance mineral bioavailability. In in vivo interventions, biofortified crops have been shown to be overall efficacious in reducing micronutrient deficiency, with bioconversion factors varying between 2...
December 23, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007489/proposal-for-a-breakfast-quality-index-for-brazilian-population-rationale-and-application-in-the-brazilian-national-dietary-survey
#10
Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Michelle Alessandra de Castro, Sinead Hopkins, Carolyn Gugger, Regina Mara Fisberg, Mauro Fisberg
Breakfast has been related to positive nutrition and health outcomes, but criteria for an optimal composition of this meal are not well established. The aim of this study was to propose a breakfast quality index (BQI) for the Brazilian population, and to describe the relationship between breakfast quality, socio-demographic factors, dietary intake at breakfast and for the total day. BQI was constructed based on individual dietary data of 22,279 breakfast consumers, aged 20+ years from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study...
December 19, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001085/biomarkers-of-dairy-fat-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#11
Jingjing Liang, Quan Zhou, Amakye William Kwame, Yixiang Su, Zheqing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Circulating biomarkers of dairy fat provide objective measures of dairy fat intake and facilitate conclusions relevant to populations with different diets and susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between circulating pentadecanoic acid (15:0), heptadecanoic acid (17:0) and trans-palmitoleic acid (trans-16:1n-7) and the risk of CVD. METHODS: Pubmed, Medline and Embase were searched for prospective cohort studies of the relationship between biomarkers of dairy fat and CVD risk, which included coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, heart failure and CVD mortality, supplemented by bibliographies of retrieved articles and previous reviews...
December 21, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998197/saturated-and-trans-fatty-acids-content-in-unpackaged-traditional-bakery-products-in-santa-fe-city-argentina-nutrition-labeling-relevance
#12
Emilse Negro, Marcela Aída González, Claudio Adrián Bernal, María Rosa Williner
Studies have reported the relationship between the excessive intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and trans fatty acids (t-FA) and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Since 2006, the MERCOSUR countries require that the mandatory nutrition labeling should include information not only about the content of SFA but also about the content of t-FA. This does not apply to fractionated products at the point of retail, such as bakery products. This paper aimed to determine the total fat content and the fatty acid profile in unpackaged traditional bakery products (breads, biscuits and pastries) in Santa Fe, Argentina...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988886/naturally-occurring-high-oleic-acid-cottonseed-oil-identification-and-functional-analysis-of-a-mutant-allele-of-gossypium-barbadense-fatty-acid-desaturase-2
#13
Jay Shockey, Michael Dowd, Brian Mack, Matthew Gilbert, Brian Scheffler, Linda Ballard, James Frelichowski, Catherine Mason
Some naturally occurring cotton accessions contain commercially attractive seed oil fatty acid profiles. The likely causal factor for a high-oleate trait in pima cotton ( Gossypium barbadense ) accession GB-713 is described here. Vegetable oils are broadly used in the manufacture of many human and animal nutritional products, and in various industrial applications. Along with other well-known edible plant oils from soybean, corn, and canola, cottonseed oil is a valuable commodity. Cottonseed oil is a co-product derived from the processing of cottonseed fiber...
December 17, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988126/effect-of-high-oleic-acid-soybeans-on-production-performance-milk-fatty-acid-composition-and-enteric-methane-emission-in-dairy-cows
#14
J C Lopes, M T Harper, F Giallongo, J Oh, L Smith, A M Ortega-Perez, S A Harper, A Melgar, D M Kniffen, R A Fabin, A N Hristov
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of 3 soybean sources differing in fatty acid profile and processing method on productivity, milk composition, digestibility, rumen fermentation, and enteric methane emission in lactating dairy cows. The soybean sources were conventional, high-linoleic-acid variety extruded soybean meal (ESBM; 8.7% ether extract with 15% oleic and 54% linoleic acids); extruded Plenish (DuPont Pioneer, Johnston, IA), high-oleic-acid variety soybean meal (EPSBM; 8.4% ether extract with 73% oleic and 8% linoleic acids); and whole, heated Plenish soybeans (WPSB; 20...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940315/a-high-fat-high-sugar-diet-induced-impairment-in-place-recognition-memory-is-reversible-and-training-dependent
#15
Dominic M D Tran, R Frederick Westbrook
A high-fat high-sugar (HFHS) diet is associated with cognitive deficits in people and produces spatial learning and memory deficits in rodents. Notable, such diets rapidly impair place-, but not object-recognition memory in rats within one week of exposure. Three experiments examined whether this impairment was reversed by removal of the diet, or prevented by pre-diet training. Experiment 1 showed that rats switched from HFHS to chow recovered from the place-recognition impairment that they displayed while on HFHS...
March 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917437/nicotine-plus-a-high-fat-diet-triggers-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis
#16
Indrani Sinha-Hikim, Theodore C Friedman, Mark Falz, Victor Chalfant, Mohammad Kamrul Hasan, Jorge Espinoza-Derout, Desean L Lee, Carl Sims, Peter Tran, Sushil K Mahata, Amiya P Sinha-Hikim
Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for diabetes, cardiovascular disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The health risk associated with smoking can be aggravated by obesity. Smoking might also trigger cardiomyocyte (CM) apoptosis. Given that CM apoptosis has been implicated as a potential mechanism in the development of cardiomyopathy and heart failure, we characterize the key signaling pathways in nicotine plus high-fat diet (HFD)-induced CM apoptosis. Adult C57BL6 male mice were fed a normal diet (ND) or HFD and received twice-daily intraperitoneal (IP) injections of nicotine (0...
December 5, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914980/cloning-and-characterization-of-adipogenin-and-its-overexpression-enhances-fat-accumulation-of-bovine-myosatellite-cells
#17
Yang Liu, Bijie Jiang, Changzhen Fu, Ruijie Hao
Adipogenin (ADIG) is an adipocyte-specific membrane protein highly expressed in adipose tissues and is increased during the adipocyte differentiation. However, the roles and mechanisms of ADIG on fat accumulation and adipocyte differentiation in ex vivo still largely unknown. In this study, we isolated bovine myosatellite cells based on adhesion characteristics to investigate whether ADIG overexpression could promote trans-differentiation and increase fat accumulation in myosatellite cells. Immunofluorescence labeling was then used for the phenotypic characteristics of myosatellite...
February 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908687/fertility-response-of-artificial-insemination-methods-in-sheep-with-fresh-and-frozen-thawed-semen
#18
Reza Masoudi, Ahmad Zare Shahneh, Armin Towhidi, Hamid Kohram, Abbas Akbarisharif, Mohsen Sharafi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the fertility response of artificial insemination (AI) methods with fresh and frozen sperm in sheep. In experiment 1, one hundred and fifty fat tailed Zandi ewes were assigned into 3 equal groups and inseminated with three AI methods consisting of vaginal, laparoscopic and trans-cervical AI with fresh semen. In experiment 2, a factorial study (3 AI methods × 2 extenders) was used to analyze the effects of three AI methods and two freezing extenders containing soybean lecithin (SL) or Egg yolk (EY) on reproductive performance of 300 fat tailed Zandi ewes...
November 29, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901036/the-effects-of-policy-actions-to-improve-population-dietary-patterns-and-prevent-diet-related-non-communicable-diseases-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
L Hyseni, M Atkinson, H Bromley, L Orton, F Lloyd-Williams, R McGill, S Capewell
Poor diet generates a bigger non-communicable disease (NCD) burden than tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity combined. We reviewed the potential effectiveness of policy actions to improve healthy food consumption and thus prevent NCDs. This scoping review focused on systematic and non-systematic reviews and categorised data using a seven-part framework: price, promotion, provision, composition, labelling, supply chain, trade/investment and multi-component interventions. We screened 1805 candidate publications and included 58 systematic and non-systematic reviews...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899529/short-term-effects-of-trans-fatty-acids-from-ruminant-and-industrial-sources-on-surrogate-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-healthy-men-and-women-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#20
Thomas Radtke, Alexandra Schmid, Anja Trepp, Frieda Dähler, Michael Coslovsky, Prisca Eser, Matthias Wilhelm, Hugo Saner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine short-term effects of trans fatty acid (TFA) intake from ruminant and industrial sources on surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk in the context of a balanced diet with 30-36% of daily energy from fat. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-design study. METHODS: In this study, 142 healthy volunteers aged 45 to 69 years were randomly allocated to three different diets: either a diet enriched with 2% of daily energy intake from ruminant TFA (rTFA) or with industrial TFA (iTFA), or a diet without TFA (wTFA), for a duration of four weeks...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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