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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#1
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630733/return-to-running-after-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-literature-review-and-proposal-of-a-physical-therapy-protocol
#2
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Joy Anderson, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Robyn Thompson-Etzel, Omer Mei-Dan, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
The number of hip arthroscopy procedures has significantly increased in the last several years, thereby necessitating individualized rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy and to describe a new protocol specifically designed for patients to return to running following hip arthroscopy. A search of PubMed was performed through October 2016 to locate studies of rehabilitation protocols for patients wishing to return to sport/general activity following hip arthroscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613407/school-mental-healthcare-services-using-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-young-male-athletes-in-japan
#4
Ryo Sekizaki, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Chieko Takano, Chie Yoshida, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Yutaka Ono, Masafumi Mizuno
AIM: Preventive intervention and treatment using internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) can be easily administered to school students, as they are quite familiar with internet tools. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and contribution of iCBT to mental healthcare in a school setting. METHODS: Eighty Japanese high school boys who were participating in a sports specialist course were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the iCBT intervention group or the control group...
June 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607764/chronic-medial-instability-of-the-elbow
#5
REVIEW
Felix H Savoie, Michael O'Brien
Damage to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow from an instability episode usually heals with non-operative treatment. In some cases, residual instability may occur, leading to functional impairment.Non-operative management can be successful when bracing, taping and therapy are used to stabilise the elbow.A recent report detailing the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in effectively treating ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in throwers has shown promise. However, there remain specific groups that should be considered for repair or reconstruction...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590374/return-to-sport-after-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#6
Travis J Dekker, Jonathan A Godin, Kevin M Dale, William E Garrett, Dean C Taylor, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft failure and contralateral ACL tears are more frequent in children and adolescents than adults. The reasons for higher subsequent injury rates in this population are incompletely understood. METHODS: We analyzed a continuous cohort of patients who were <18 years of age. Subjects underwent isolated, primary ACL reconstruction with autograft between 2006 and January 1, 2014, and had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Return-to-sport characteristics were described, and multivariable Cox regression modeling was used to identify predictors of a second ACL injury...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589160/flexion-posteroanterior-radiographs-affect-both-enrollment-for-and-outcomes-after-injection-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
Maximilian A Meyer, Timothy S Leroux, David M Levy, Annemarie K Tilton, Paul B Lewis, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Knee injection therapy is less effective for severe osteoarthritis (OA), specifically Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade 4. Patient selection for knee injection trials has historically been based on extension anteroposterior (AP) radiographic evaluation; however, emerging evidence suggests that KL grading using a flexion posteroanterior (PA) radiograph more accurately and reproducibly predicts disease severity. The impact of radiographic view on patient selection and outcome after knee injection therapy remains unknown...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582871/global-yet-incomplete-overview-of-cohort-studies-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Sebastian Heinzel, Stefanie Lerche, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by heterogeneity and multifactorial longitudinal changes. To identify PD subtypes and factors influencing the disease course, multiple cohort studies have been designed globally. Knowledge about existing cohorts is pivotal to foster collaboration, which may help to advance the understanding of PD. OBJECTIVE: To raise the awareness about PD cohorts and potential global collaboration opportunities. METHODS: Observational cohort studies in clinical PD were identified by a European working group (JPND BioLoC-PD) and through literature search...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578328/gene-and-cell-doping-the-new-frontier-beyond-myth-or-reality
#9
Elmo W I Neuberger, Perikles Simon
The advent of gene transfer technologies in clinical studies aroused concerns that these technologies will be misused for performance-enhancing purposes in sports. However, during the last 2 decades, the field of gene therapy has taken a long and winding road with just a few gene therapeutic drugs demonstrating clinical benefits in humans. The current state of gene therapy is that viral vector-mediated gene transfer shows the now long-awaited initial success for safe, and in some cases efficient, gene transfer in clinical trials...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566053/hip-pain-and-mobility-deficits-hip-osteoarthritis-revision-2017
#10
Michael T Cibulka, Nancy J Bloom, Keelan R Enseki, Cameron W Macdonald, Judith Woehrle, Christine M McDonough
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to hip pain and mobility deficits...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566052/buttock-pain-and-sciatica-caused-by-a-femoral-osteochondroma
#11
Olaoye A Akinyemi, Lance M Mabry, Sonja I Dardenelle
A 26-year-old woman was referred to physical therapy with lower back pain extending into the right buttock. Palpation of the right buttock revealed a firm, immobile mass of considerable size, which the patient identified as her locus of symptoms. Due to the noted palpable mass, her pain, her inability to sit normally, and the longevity of symptoms, the physical therapist ordered radiographs, which identified multiple osteochondromas. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(6):442. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.6877.
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559670/manual-therapy-and-eccentric-exercise-in-the-management-of-achilles-tendinopathy
#12
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Michael Kecman, Daniel Alcorn, Josiah D Sault
Chronic Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is an overuse condition seen among runners. Eccentric exercise can decrease pain and improve function for those with chronic degenerative tendon changes; however, some individuals have continued pain requiring additional intervention. While joint mobilization and manipulation has not been studied in the management in Achilles tendinopathy, other chronic tendon dysfunction, such as lateral epicondylalgia, has responded well to manual therapy (MT). Three runners were seen in physical therapy (PT) for chronic AT...
May 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542108/contralateral-spondylolysis-and-fracture-of-the-lumbar-pedicle-in-a-young-athlete
#13
Eran Kessous, Tracy Borsinger, Ayesha Rahman, Pierre A d'Hemecourt
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report of unilateral pedicular stress fracture with a contralateral spondylolysis in a male high school athlete presenting with low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To report this uncommon cause of low back pain in an adolescent athlete, and review the relevant literature. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of spondylolysis in the caucasian population was found to be about 3-6%. This number is probably higher in the athletic adolescent age group, with reports ranging from 8-15%...
May 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520532/effectiveness-of-smartguard-technology-in-the-prevention-of-nocturnal-hypoglycemia-after-prolonged-physical-activity
#15
Lenka Petruzelkova, Klara Pickova, Zdenek Sumnik, Jan Soupal, Barbora Obermannova
BACKGROUND: The prevention of postexercise nocturnal hypoglycemia after prolonged physical activity using sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy with predictive low-glucose management (PLGM) has not been well studied. We conducted a study at a pediatric diabetes camp to determine whether a SAP with PLGM reduces the frequency of nocturnal hypoglycemia after prolonged physical activity more effectively than a SAP with a carbohydrate intake algorithm. METHODS: During a 1-week sport camp, 20 children (aged 10-13 years) with type 1 diabetes (T1D) managed by SAP therapy either with (n = 7) or without PLGM (n = 13) were studied...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515983/a-conceptual-model-for-physical-therapists-treating-athletes-with-protracted-recovery-following-a-concussion
#16
Mark Lundblad
Sports-related concussions are receiving growing attention in healthcare. Most concussions resolve spontaneously with little or no treatment, but twenty percent of concussions take longer than three weeks to resolve. In some cases, symptoms can last for five years following a traumatic brain injury. Physical Therapists have unique skills that can assist patients experiencing protracted recovery. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to describe a new conceptual model that provides a framework for Physical Therapy management of patients with protracted recovery following a sports-related concussion...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515982/current-concepts-on-the-genetic-factors-in-rotator-cuff-pathology-and-future-implications-for-sports-physical-therapists
#17
Travis Orth, Jessica Paré, John E Froehlich
CONTEXT: Recent advances within the field of genetics are currently changing many of the methodologies in which medicine is practiced. These advances are also beginning to influence the manner in which physical therapy services are rendered. Rotator cuff pathology is one of the most common diagnoses treated by the sports physical therapist. The purpose of this commentary is to educate sports physical therapists on the recent advances regarding how genetics influences rotator cuff pathology, including rotator cuff tears, and provide a perspective on how this information will likely influence post-operative shoulder rehabilitation in the near future...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515981/a-six-week-supervised-exercise-and-educational-intervention-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#18
Federico Pozzi, Kathleen Madara, Joseph A Zeni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most rehabilitation interventions after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are not designed to return patients to high-levels of physical activity and, thus, low levels of physical activity and residual weakness are common. The purpose of this case series was to describe the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an exercise and education intervention for patients after THA who have already completed formal outpatient physical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512432/whole-body-cryotherapy-in-athletes-from-therapy-to-stimulation-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Giovanni Lombardi, Ewa Ziemann, Giuseppe Banfi
Nowadays, whole-body cryotherapy is a medical physical treatment widely used in sports medicine. Recovery from injuries (e.g., trauma, overuse) and after-season recovery are the main purposes for application. However, the most recent studies confirmed the anti-inflammatory, anti-analgesic, and anti-oxidant effects of this therapy by highlighting the underlying physiological responses. In addition to its therapeutic effects, whole-body cryotherapy has been demonstrated to be a preventive strategy against the deleterious effects of exercise-induced inflammation and soreness...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483928/approach-to-investigation-and-treatment-of-persistent-symptoms-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Michael Makdissi, Kathryn J Schneider, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Sidney Hinds, John J Leddy, Michael McCrea, Michael Turner, Karen M Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature regarding assessment and treatment modalities in patients with persistent symptoms following sport-related concussion (SRC). DATA SOURCES: We searched Medline, Embase, SPORTSDiscus, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane library and ProQuest Dissertation & Theses Global electronic databases. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies were included if they were original research, reported on SRC as the primary source of injury, included patients with persistent postconcussive symptoms (>10 days) and investigated the role of assessment or treatment modalities...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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