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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408155/arthroscopic-capsular-plication-and-labral-seal-restoration-in-borderline-hip-dysplasia-2-year-clinical-outcomes-in-55-cases
#1
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Nader Darwish, Timothy J Martin, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Parth Lodhia, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To report clinical outcomes in patients with borderline dysplasia undergoing an arthroscopic technique of labral seal restoration with minimal acetabular rim resection and capsular plication. METHODS: Patients younger than 40 years with a lateral center-edge angle of 18° greater and 25° or less and 2-year follow-up after undergoing an arthroscopic technique of labral seal restoration with minimal rim resection (≤2 mm) and capsular plication (3-5 sutures placed in an oblique orientation to create an imbrication and inferior shift) were included...
April 10, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#2
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363275/2016-jospt-awards-additive-effects-and-biological-mechanisms-of-interventions-offer-important-insights
#3
J Haxby Abbott
During the American Physical Therapy Association's Combined Sections Meeting in San Antonio, TX in February 2017, JOSPT recognized the authors of the most outstanding research and clinical practice manuscripts published in JOSPT during 2016. The 2016 JOSPT Excellence in Research Award was presented to Carol A. Courtney, Alana D. Steffen, César Fernández-de-las-Peñas, John Kim, and Samuel J. Chmell, MD, for their March 2016 article "Joint Mobilization Enhances Mechanisms of Conditioned Pain Modulation in Individuals With Osteoarthritis of the Knee...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363273/intra-articular-focal-nodular-synovitis-of-the-knee
#4
Cortney Shewmaker
A 32-year-old woman was referred to physical therapy by her primary care provider (PCP) for complaints of limited right knee extension and pain. Radiographs of her right knee ordered by her PCP prior to physical therapy evaluation were noncontributory. To rule out intra-articular pathology, the physical therapist ordered magnetic resonance imaging, which revealed an intra-articular mass. The radiologist recommended contrast imaging to further characterize the mass, which was found to be consistent with focal nodular synovitis...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355979/serial-monitoring-of-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-during-physical-therapy-treatment-using-the-start-back-screening-tool
#5
Flávia Cordeiro Medeiros, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Marco Aurélio Nemitalla Added, Evelyn Cassia Salomão, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa
Study Design Pre-planned secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. Background The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) was developed to screen and to classify patients with low back pain (LBP) into subgroups for the risk of having a poor prognosis. However, this classification at baseline does not take into account variables that can influence the prognosis during treatment or over time. Objectives 1) To investigate the changes in the risk subgroup measured by the SBST over a period of 6 months and 2) to assess the long-term predictive ability of the SBST when administered at different time points...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355977/three-patients-with-lower-extremity-tumors-referred-through-medical-channels-to-physical-therapists-a-description-of-clinical-reasoning-screening-and-collaborative-practice
#6
Seth Peterson, Thomas Denninger, Scott Porter
Study Design Resident's case problem. Background Although rare in the general population, bone and soft tissue tumors may be more frequently encountered in patients seeking physical therapy because of the propensity to mimic commonly treated musculoskeletal disorders. Screening for tumors requires the physical therapist be attentive to unexpected findings. The purpose of this paper was to describe the clinical reasoning and screening processes of physical therapists that facilitated the timely recognition of bone and soft tumors in 3 patients referred through medical channels...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349656/equine-performance-genes-and-the-future-of-doping-in-horseracing
#7
Tessa Wilkin, Anna Baoutina, Natasha Hamilton
A horse's success on the racetrack is determined by genetics, training and nutrition, and their translation into physical traits such as speed, endurance and muscle strength. Advances in genetic technologies are slowly explaining the roles of specific genes in equine performance, and offering new insights into the development of novel therapies for diseases and musculoskeletal injuries that cause early retirement of many racehorses. Gene therapy approaches may also soon provide new means to artificially enhance the physical performance of racehorses...
March 27, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#8
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#9
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289908/why-should-people-with-type-1-diabetes-exercise-regularly
#10
Roberto Codella, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
Plethoric evidence reminds of the protective effects of exercise against a number of health risks, across all ages, in the general population. The benefits of exercise for individuals with type 2 diabetes are indisputable. An in-depth understanding of energy metabolism has reasonably entailed exercise as a cornerstone in the lifestyle of almost all subjects with type 1 diabetes. Nevertheless, individuals with type 1 diabetes often fail in accomplishing exercise guidelines and they are less active than their peer without diabetes...
March 14, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259265/benign-natural-history-of-spondylolysis-in-adolescence-with-midterm-follow-up
#11
Ted Sousa, David L Skaggs, Priscella Chan, Kent T Yamaguchi, Jerald Borgella, Christopher Lee, Jeffrey Sawyer, Alice Moisan, John M Flynn, Melissa Gunderson, M Timothy Hresko, Pierre D'Hemecourt, Lindsay M Andras
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To use the Micheli Functional Scale to assess adolescent patients with spondylolysis treated conservatively at midterm follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: Spondylolysis is a common source of back pain for adolescents and is generally managed with bracing and physical therapy. There is little data regarding the results of conservative management of spondylolysis over time. METHODS: Four major academic pediatric institutions performed a retrospective chart review of patients from 5 to 21 years of age with the initial diagnosis of spondylolysis...
March 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257620/the-effectiveness-of-combined-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-postmenopausal-bone-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Renqing Zhao, Mengyi Zhang, Qi Zhang
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background It remains unclear whether exercise combining different types of physical activities (combined exercise interventions) would effectively preserve postmenopausal women's bone mineral density (BMD) at different sites. Objective To examine the impact of combined exercise interventions on lumbar spine, femoral neck, total hip, and total body BMD in postmenopausal women. Methods An electronic database search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science up to January 1, 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257618/clinical-specialization-and-adherence-to-evidence-based-practice-guidelines-for-low-back-pain-management-a-survey-of-united-states-physical-therapists
#13
Carlos E Ladeira, M Samuel Cheng, Rubens A da Silva
Study Design Electronic cross-sectional survey. Background The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) EBP guideline for low back pain (LBP) elaborated on strategies to manage non-specific LBP in routine physical therapy practice. This guideline described LBP associated with mobility deficit, leg pain and a directional preference, coordination impairment (lumbar instability), and fear avoidance behavior (FAB). Objectives To assess American physical therapists' (PTs) adherence to the Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) for LBP of the Orthopaedic Section of the APTA, and to compare adherence among PTs with different qualifications...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257616/evaluation-of-the-start-back-screening-tool-for-prediction-of-low-back-pain-intensity-in-an-outpatient-physical-therapy-setting
#14
Irene Toh, Hwei-Chi Chong, Jennifer Suet-Ching Liaw, Yong-Hao Pua
Study Design Prospective cohort study. Background Optimal management of patients with low back pain (LBP) relies on accurate prognosis of future clinical outcomes. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT), a prognostic index developed and validated in the primary care setting, has 3 scoring measures: SBT overall, psychosocial, and categorical scores. Objective Our study aimed to compare the predictive validity of 3 SBT measures with future pain intensity in patients receiving physical therapy for LBP. Methods Two hundred seven patients with LBP receiving physical therapy completed the SBT at initial (baseline) evaluation and were evaluated 12 weeks later for their pain intensity...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250934/team-sport-athletes-perceptions-and-use-of-recovery-strategies-a-mixed-methods-survey-study
#15
Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards, Shona Halson
BACKGROUND: A variety of recovery strategies are used by athletes, although there is currently no research that investigates perceptions and usage of recovery by different competition levels of team sport athletes. METHODS: The recovery techniques used by team sport athletes of different competition levels was investigated by survey. Specifically this study investigated if, when, why and how the following recovery strategies were used: active land-based recovery (ALB), active water-based recovery (AWB), stretching (STR), cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245747/hemangioma-in-the-anterior-thigh-with-corresponding-periosteal-bone-reaction
#16
Robyn K Fuchs, Amy J Bayliss, Stuart J Warden
A 24-year-old female runner presented to physical therapy via direct access with an 8-month history of mid-thigh pain. At the onset of her symptoms, radiographs were negative; following physical therapy evaluation, additional imaging was requested. Lateral-view radiographs revealed cortical hypertrophy with no stress fracture. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an enhancing mass adjacent to the anterolateral surface of the mid shaft of the femur, with associated cortical hypertrophy, consistent with a deep intramuscular hemangioma...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245746/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#17
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Objective To examine the use of traction by physical therapists for patients with neck pain, including how and when traction is used, the delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interventions, and influence of professional demographics on usage. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Methods A random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association were surveyed...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245745/atypical-clinical-presentation-of-rapidly-progressing-femoral-head-avascular-necrosis
#18
Joseph A Signorino, Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Kathleen Brindle
A 51-year-old man presented to an urgent care facility 2 weeks after onset of left lateral hip and buttock pain. Radiographs were noncontributory. An orthopaedist referred him to physical therapy, but due to the worsening clinical presentation, he was referred back to the orthopaedist for additional evaluation. Magnetic resonance imaging was ordered and demonstrated abnormal femoral head and acetabular contour, extensive bone marrow edema, and a complex joint effusion. He was diagnosed with femoral head avascular necrosis...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245744/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-physical-therapy-or-surgery
#19
(no author information available yet)
Carpal tunnel syndrome causes pain, numbness, and weakness in the wrist and hand. Nearly 50% of all work-related injuries are linked to carpal tunnel syndrome, and people with this injury are more likely to miss work because of it. Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated with physical therapy or surgery. Although surgery may be considered when the symptoms are severe, more than a third of patients do not return to work within 8 weeks after an operation. Based on the potential side effects and risks of surgery, patients often ask if they might try physical therapy first...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245743/trigger-point-dry-needling
#20
(no author information available yet)
Increasingly, physical therapists in the United States and throughout the world are using dry needling to treat musculoskeletal pain, even though this treatment has been a controversial addition to practice. To better generalize to physical therapy practice the findings about dry needling thus far, the authors of a study published in the March 2017 issue of JOSPT identified the need for a systematic review examining the effectiveness of dry needling performed by physical therapists on people with musculoskeletal pain...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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