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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227353/epidemiology-of-osteoarthritis-literature-update
#1
Ernest R Vina, C Kent Kwoh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies of osteoarthritis epidemiology, including research on prevalence, disease impact, and potential risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent in the United States and around the globe. It is a leading cause of disability and can negatively impact people's physical and mental well being. Healthcare resources and costs associated with managing the disease can be substantial...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216768/a-mysterious-case-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#2
Angela Burian, Othmar Schuhfried, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood. METHODS: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II. RESULTS: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212511/comparing-the-chinese-versions-of-two-knee-specific-questionnaires-ikdc-and-koos-reliability-validity-and-responsiveness
#3
Chien-Chih Huang, Wen-Shiang Chen, Mei-Wun Tsai, Wendy Tzyy-Jiuan Wang
BACKGROUND: The International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC) and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) are knee-specific questionnaires that have been widely used and translated into numerous languages. However, the differences in the psychometric properties between the Chinese IKDC and KOOS remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of the Chinese IKDC and Chinese KOOS and to compare the psychometric properties of these two measures in patients with various knee injuries from the acute stage up to 12 weeks after receiving treatment...
December 6, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191120/thank-you-to-all-jospt-contributors-for-2017
#4
J Haxby Abbott
On behalf of the many stakeholders in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT), including the Sections and international partners, readers, Editorial Board, and authors, Editor-in-Chief J. Haxby Abbott gives thanks and recognizes all of the many individuals who have contributed to the editorial process and content of JOSPT this past year. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(12):889-891. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.0110.
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191119/centers-for-medicare-and-medicaid-services-policy-regarding-supervised-exercise-for-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly
#5
Dianne V Jewell, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Matthew K Walsworth
On May 25, 2017, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a decision memo establishing coverage for supervised exercise therapy (SET) for Medicare beneficiaries experiencing intermittent claudication due to peripheral artery disease (PAD). A meaningful impact on population health is possible with greater freedom to participate in regular physical activity. The authors of this editorial explain the potential roles of physical therapists in the SET program and argue for further integration of physical therapists through collaborative practice...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191117/addressing-intervention-fidelity-within-physical-therapy-research-and-clinical-practice
#6
Elaine Toomey, Wendy Hardeman
Intervention fidelity is a key component of the design and conduct of physical therapy research, defined as "the methodological strategies used to enhance and monitor the reliability and validity of behavioral interventions." This includes enhancing and assessing the extent to which an intervention is implemented as intended by its developers, including how they envisage the participants or patients to interact with the intervention. The authors of this Viewpoint focus predominantly on the fidelity of intervention delivery; highlight the importance of intervention fidelity for the physical therapy profession and its relevance for both physical therapy researchers and practitioners; and explore potential barriers to enhancing and assessing the fidelity of intervention delivery in physical therapy research...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181262/exercise-manual-therapy-and-postural-re-education-for-uncontrolled-ear-twitching-and-related-impairments-after-whiplash-injury-a-case-report
#7
Kelsey Flanders, Heather Feldner
Background and Purpose: Whiplash Associated Disorders and the interventions used to remediate them are well documented in physical therapy literature. However, specific interventions for spasms of the neck musculature that also involve constant ear twitching have yet to be addressed. The purpose of this case report is twofold. First, to describe comprehensive physical therapy management and outcomes for a subject with uncontrolled ear twitching and related musculoskeletal impairments, and second, to discuss the physical therapist's approach to evidence-based care when faced with a paucity of literature addressing physical therapy interventions for subjects with uncontrolled ear twitching...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181256/sports-physical-therapy-curricula-in-physical-therapist-professional-degree-programs
#8
Edward P Mulligan, Julie DeVahl
Background: The specialty niche of sports physical therapy has grown at a significant rate over the past 40 years. Despite this growth there is little information or direction from the physical therapy education accreditation body or professional association to guide academic programs on the interest or necessity of this type of practice content in physical therapy professional degree programs. Purpose: The purpose of this survey study is to report on the prevalence, attitudes, barriers, resources, and faculty expertise in providing required or elective sports physical therapy course work...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168034/physical-activity-among-cancer-survivors-what-is-their-perception-and-experience
#9
Jan-Christoph Höh, Thorsten Schmidt, Jutta Hübner
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) plays an important role relating to cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude to and experience with the subject of PA in cancer in a large group of tumour patients. METHODS: A standardised questionnaire was carried out and distributed to patients online and in printed form. RESULTS: Nine hundred five patients answered the questionnaire. Most tumour patients (60%) received information about PA after their cancer therapy...
November 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164165/platelet-rich-plasma-for-primary-treatment-of-partial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-tears-mri-correlation-with-results
#10
J Banks Deal, Ed Smith, Wendell Heard, Michael J O'Brien, Felix H Savoie
Background: Jobe revolutionized the treatment of medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) tears with his reconstruction technique. However, not all MUCL injuries require operative management; Rettig showed that 42% of MUCL injuries respond to conservative management. This was improved by Podesta, who showed that augmentation of nonoperative management with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting partial MUCL tears resulted in significantly higher success rates...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#11
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140169/relationship-between-physical-therapy-characteristics-surgical-procedure-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-after-acl-reconstruction
#12
Ian J Dempsey, Grant E Norte, Matthew Hall, John Goetschius, Lindsay V Slater, Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner, David R Diduch, Joseph M Hart
CONTEXT: Post-operative rehabilitation is critical to optimize outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, the relationship between physical therapy (PT) and clinical outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe PT characteristics following ACLR, and assess the relationships between PT characteristics, surgical procedure, and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125442/long-term-outcomes-after-surgical-treatment-of-pediatric-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#13
Jennifer Hong, Jared M Pisapia, Zarina S Ali, Austin J Heuer, Erin Alexander, Gregory G Heuer, Eric L Zager
OBJECTIVE Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is an uncommon compression syndrome of the brachial plexus that presents with pain, sensory changes, and motor weakness in the affected limb. The authors reviewed the clinical presentations and outcomes in their series of pediatric patients with surgically treated nTOS over a 6-year period. METHODS Cases of nTOS in patients age 18 years or younger were extracted for analysis from a prospective database of peripheral nerve operations. Baseline patient characteristics, imaging and neurophysiological data, operative findings, and outcomes and complications were assessed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113570/a-novel-downhill-gait-training-program-following-a-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report-highlighting-the-impacts-of-self-selected-speed-on-gait-symmetry
#14
Cody Blue, Sara Coomes, Yuri Yoshida
Study Design Case report. Background Walking plays an essential role in activities of daily living that lead to varied health benefits. Studies report gait speed and symmetry are impacted in individuals following TKA. Unfortunately, abnormal gait patterns persistently exist in individuals after TKA. Downhill walking may provide a simple and feasible exercise regimen to improve gait patterns. The purpose of this case report is to describe the application of a downhill treadmill training program and the subsequent changes in gait patterns in an individual following a unilateral TKA...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113569/physical-therapy-rehabilitation-of-an-adolescent-pre-professional-dancer-following-os-trigonum-excision-a-case-report
#15
Alyson Filipa, Kelli Barton
Study Design Case report. Background An os trigonum can be a source of pain for dancers due to impingement during repetitive ankle plantarflexion movements. Following excision of an os trigonum, it is important to have a gradual, progressive return-to-dance program for optimal recovery. The purpose of this case report is to describe the post-operative management and return-to-dance progression of an adolescent dancer status post os trigonum excision. Case Description An adolescent pre-professional female dancer had an extensive history of left posterior heel pain beginning at age eight that led to surgical removal of an os trigonum at age fifteen...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102944/cancer-patients-knowledge-and-acceptance-of-physical-activities-for-rehabilitation
#16
Jens Büntzel, Irene Kusterer, Yvonne Rudolph, Thomas Kubin, Oliver Micke, Jutta Hübner
BACKGROUND/AIM: Physical activities are an essential part of patients' rehabilitation in oncology. For cancer patients special sport groups for rehabilitation exist and are reimbursed by the statutory health system. The aim of our study was to evaluate patients' knowledge and acceptance of these offers and their actual sportive engagement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a standardized questionnaire which was distributed in medical oncology and ENT oncology practice...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094773/availability-of-prostate-cancer-exercise-rehabilitation-resources-and-practice-patterns-in-belgium-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
R Bultijnck, B Van Ruymbeke, S Everaert, H Bagué, E Rammant, S Rimbaut, V Fonteyne, N Lumen, K Decaestecker, P Ost
Exercise is recommended for prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy. The goal of the study was to assess the availability of hospital-based rehabilitation resources and national practice patterns for PCa in Belgium. A questionnaire was conducted with rehabilitation physical therapists in all Belgian hospital with urology and rehabilitation departments. Practice patterns were compared with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. PCa prevalence data were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry and attitude of physicians towards physical activity was documented...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089005/knee-ligament-sprain-guidelines-revision-2017-using-the-evidence-to-guide-physical-therapist-practice
#18
(no author information available yet)
Knee ligament sprain is one of the most common orthopaedic and sports injuries. Knee stability and movement coordination impairments can be improved by physical therapists during nonoperative and operative management. Implementation recommendations from clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), such as the revised guidelines on knee ligament sprains published in the November 2017 issue of JOSPT, can help to reduce unwarranted variation in clinical physical therapy practice, support evidence-informed practice, and add value at the point of care...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089004/knee-stability-and-movement-coordination-impairments-knee-ligament-sprain-revision-2017
#19
David S Logerstedt, David Scalzitti, May Arna Risberg, Lars Engebretsen, Kate E Webster, Julian Feller, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Michael J Axe, Christine M McDonough
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to knee ligament sprain...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089003/knee-ligament-sprains-and-tears-clinical-practice-guidelines-ensuring-best-care
#20
(no author information available yet)
Knee injuries can sideline anyone. Physical therapists are leading the way to ensure that people with knee ligament injuries, including competitive and recreational athletes, receive the best care to optimize their recovery. JOSPT and the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association first published clinical practice guidelines about knee ligament sprains in 2010. Now, revised guidelines in JOSPT's November 2017 issue provide updated recommendations based on best practices for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating knee ligament injuries...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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