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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149262/a-food-environments-feedback-system-foodback-for-empowering-citizens-and-change-agents-to-create-healthier-community-food-places
#1
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Rachel Williams, Essa Tawfiq, Boyd Swinburn
This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was constructed to crowdsource key indicators of the healthiness of diverse community food places (i...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149071/sleep-and-dietary-patterns-in-pregnancy-findings-from-the-gusto-cohort
#2
Linde van Lee, Ai-Ru Chia, See Ling Loy, Marjorelee Colega, Elaine K H Tham, Shirong Cai, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Oon Hoe Teoh, Daniel Goh, Kok Hian Tan, Yap-Seng Chong, Birit F P Broekman, Mary F F Chong
Evidence on the association between sleep, diet, and eating behaviors in pregnant women is lacking. We examine this in a cohort of apparently healthy pregnant women. At 26-28 weeks gestation, 497 participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to assess sleep and a 24-h recall to assess dietary intake. Diet quality was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index for pregnant women in Singapore (HEI-SGP) score and previously derived dietary patterns (vegetables-fruit-rice, seafood-noodles, and pasta-cheese-meat pattern)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146498/synthesis-and-characterization-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-gelidium-amansii-and-its-antimicrobial-property-against-various-pathogenic-bacteria
#3
Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Desika Prabakar, Jaya Mary Jacob, Indira Karuppusamy, Rijuta Ganesh Saratale
Microfouling is evolving at a fast rate causing augmented mortality rates and damage worldwide. Until now, several remedial measures have been exploited to overcome microfouling, amongst them nanoparticles play a superior role. Currently, green synthesized nanoparticles have been centered owing to its eco-friendly, cost effectively and non-toxic nature which has also increased its industrial applications (biomedicine, food and textile). In the present research Silver Nanoparticles (Ag NPs) synthesized using marine red algae Gelidium amansii...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144430/a-correlation-study-of-dha-intake-estimated-by-a-ffq-and-concentrations-in-plasma-and-erythrocytes-in-mid-and-late-pregnancy
#4
Yu-Bo Zhou, Hong-Tian Li, Leonardo Trasande, Lin-Lin Wang, Ya-Li Zhang, Ke-Yi Si, Man-Xi Bai, Jian-Meng Liu
Adequate docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is essential for the optimal growth and development of the fetus. Maternal DHA content fluctuates during pregnancy. The correlation of DHA content with dietary intake might be varied over the course of pregnancy. We aimed to compare the dietary DHA intake, estimated by a DHA-specific semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against its blood content, among mid- and late-term pregnant women. A total of 804 Chinese pregnant women completed the tailored FFQ and provided fasting venous blood samples...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143945/one-evidence-of-cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-cart-has-the-bidirectional-effects-on-appetite-in-siberian-sturgeon-acipenser-baerii
#5
Xin Zhang, Yundi Gao, Ni Tang, Jinwen Qi, Yuanbing Wu, Jin Hao, Shuyao Wang, Defang Chen, Zhiqiong Li
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), discovered in 1995, with various biological functions, has received much attention recently due to its role in the regulation of appetite in mammals. However, the function of CART on the appetite control in fish species is still not very clear. In this study, Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii Brandt) cart gene was cloned for the first time, and the cart mRNA levels in 11 feeding-related tissues was investigated. The Siberian sturgeon cart gene sequence was 1459 base pairs (bp), including a 3'-terminal untranslated region (3'-UTR) of 39 bp, a 5'-terminal untranslated region (5'-UTR) of 52 bp, and an open reading frame (ORF) of 348 bp encoding 115 amino acids...
November 16, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140602/the-cardiovascular-safety-of-long-acting-insulin-analogues-in-type-2-diabetes-is-there-a-better-basal-insulin
#6
Chia-Hsuin Chang, Lee-Ming Chuang
In 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration requested that all new type 2 anti-diabetic drugs, including long-acting insulin analogues, need to be rigorously examined to preclude undesirable cardiovascular risks. The Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention (ORIGIN) trial is the first trial to provide conclusive evidence of the cardiovascular safety of insulin glargine. A total of 12,537 people with cardiovascular risk factors plus impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or type 2 diabetes were randomized to receive insulin glargine or standard care...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138421/mperiod2-brdm1-and-other-single-period-mutant-mice-have-normal-food-anticipatory-activity
#7
Julie S Pendergast, Robert H Wendroth, Rio C Stenner, Charles D Keil, Shin Yamazaki
Animals anticipate the timing of food availability via the food-entrainable oscillator (FEO). The anatomical location and timekeeping mechanism of the FEO are unknown. Several studies showed the circadian gene, Period 2, is critical for FEO timekeeping. However, other studies concluded that canonical circadian genes are not essential for FEO timekeeping. In this study, we re-examined the effects of the Per2 (Brdm1) mutation on food entrainment using methods that have revealed robust food anticipatory activity in other mutant lines...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137984/recombinant-human-glp-1-rhglp-1-alleviating-renal-tubulointestitial-injury-in-diabetic-stz-induced-rats
#8
Weiqin Yin, Shiqing Xu, Zai Wang, Honglin Liu, Liang Peng, Qing Fang, Tingting Deng, Wenjian Zhang, Jinning Lou
GLP-1-based treatment improves glycemia through stimulation of insulin secretion and inhibition of glucagon secretion. Recently, more and more findings showed that GLP-1 could also protect kidney from diabetic nephropathy. Most of these studies focused on glomeruli, but the effect of GLP-1 on tubulointerstitial and tubule is not clear yet. In this study, we examined the renoprotective effect of recombinant human GLP-1 (rhGLP-1), and investigated the influence of GLP-1 on inflammation and tubulointerstitial injury using diabetic nephropathy rats model of STZ-induced...
November 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137944/reproductive-factors-nutritional-status-and-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#9
REVIEW
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Lakshmy R, Chander P Yadav, Ravindra M Pandey, Neha Sareen
The study was conducted with an objective to investigate the association between reproductive factors, nutritional status and serum 25(OH)D levels among women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC). A total of 200 women with BC attending a tertiary healthcare institute of Delhi, India matched with 200 healthy women for age (±2years) and socio economic status were included in the study. Data was collected on socio-demographic profile, reproductive factors, physical activity and dietary intake (24hour dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) using interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standard tools...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137730/the-influence-of-bovine-serum-albumin-modified-silica-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-poly-vinyl-alcohol-nanocomposites-synthesized-by-ultrasonication-technique
#10
Shadpour Mallakpour, Hossein Yazdan Nazari
In this study, for the first time polymeric nanocomposite (NC) films of poly(vinyl alcohol)/SiO2@bovine serum albumin (PVA/SiO2@BSA) were synthesized by solution casting method under facile and fast method of sonication. In this regard, SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were modified by BSA, at room temperature by using phosphate buffer and ultrasonic-assisted method. Then, PVA/SiO2@BSA NCs were prepared by insertion of variant amount (3, 6 and 9wt%) of SiO2@BSA into the PVA matrix, under ultrasonic irradiation. The morphological traits of the NCs were surveyed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136796/a-multi-purpose-tool-for-food-inspection-simultaneous-determination-of-various-classes-of-preservatives-and-biogenic-amines-in-meat-and-fish-products-by-lc-ms
#11
Luciano Molognoni, Heitor Daguer, Leandro Antunes de Sá Ploêncio, Juliano De Dea Lindner
This paper describes an innovative fast and multipurpose method for the chemical inspection of meat and fish products by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Solid-liquid extraction and low temperature partitioning were applied to 17 analytes, which included large bacteriocins (3.5kDa) and small molecules (organic acids, heterocyclic compounds, polyene macrolides, alkyl esters of the p-hydroxybenzoic acid, aromatic, and aliphatic biogenic amines and polyamines). Chromatographic separation was achieved in 10min, using stationary phase of di-isopropyl-3-aminopropyl silane bound to hydroxylated silica...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136100/ghrelin-is-related-to-personality-differences-in-reward-sensitivity-and-impulsivity
#12
Elizabeth Ralevski, Marya Shanabrough, Jenelle Newcomb, Erin Gandelman, Ryan Hayden, Tamas L Horvath, Ismene Petrakis
Aims: Ghrelin, a feeding-related peptide mainly produced in the stomach, has been linked to reward mechanisms for food and drugs of abuse in addition to traits of impulsivity. This study is a secondary analysis of an existing data set designed to examine the direct relationships between fasting ghrelin levels and reward sensitivity/impulsivity in healthy social drinkers. Methods: Participants (n = 20) were recruited from an original study examining the subjective effects of alcohol among social drinkers...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135945/nutritional-profile-and-dietary-patterns-of-lebanese-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients-a-case-control-study
#13
Nicole Fakhoury-Sayegh, Hassan Younes, Gessica N H A Heraoui, Raymond Sayegh
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disease in the world. Dietary habits have a significant impact on the biological and physical profile of patients and increase the risk of NAFLD. The overall pattern of diet intake is more associated with health outcomes than nutrients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional profile and the dietary patterns of Lebanese NAFLD patients and compare it with controls. During this study; 112 NAFLD Lebanese adult patients (55 men and 57 women); and 110 controls (44 men and 66 women) were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135931/analytical-parameters-of-an-amperometric-glucose-biosensor-for-fast-analysis-in-food-samples
#14
Margalida Artigues, Jordi Abellà, Sergi Colominas
Amperometric biosensors based on the use of glucose oxidase (GOx) are able to combine the robustness of electrochemical techniques with the specificity of biological recognition processes. However, very little information can be found in literature about the fundamental analytical parameters of these sensors. In this work, the analytical behavior of an amperometric biosensor based on the immobilization of GOx using a hydrogel (Chitosan) onto highly ordered titanium dioxide nanotube arrays (TiO₂NTAs) has been evaluated...
November 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#15
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134463/stir-frying-of-chinese-cabbage-and-pakchoi-retains-health-promoting-glucosinolates
#16
Probo Y Nugrahedi, Teresa Oliviero, Jenneke K Heising, Matthijs Dekker, Ruud Verkerk
Stir-frying is a cooking method, originating from Asia, in which food is fried in small amount of very hot oil. Nowadays in many other parts of the world stir-frying is a very popular method to prepare vegetables, because it is fast and fried vegetables are tasty. However, the retention of phytochemicals like the health-beneficial glucosinolates in Brassica vegetables is less explored for stir-frying in comparison to other cooking methods. This study investigates the retention of glucosinolates in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp...
November 13, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133752/proportion-of-uterine-malignant-tumors-in-patients-with-laparoscopic-myomectomy-a-national-multicenter-study-in-china
#17
Hua Yang, Xiao-Chuan Li, Chen Yao, Jing-He Lang, Hang-Mei Jin, Ming-Rong Xi, Gang Wang, Lu-Wen Wang, Min Hao, Yan Ding, Jie Chen, Jian-Qing Zhang, Lu Han, Cheng-Xiu Guo, Xiang Xue, Yan Li, Jian-Hua Zheng, Man-Hua Cui, Huai-Fang Li, Guang-Shi Tao, Long Chen, Su-Min Wang, An-Wei Lu, Ze-Hua Huang, Qing Liu, Ya-Li Zhuang, Xiang-Hua Huang, Gen-Hai Zhu, Ou-Ping Huang, Li-Na Hu, Mu-Jun Li, Hong-Lin Zhou, Jing-Hui Song, Lan Zhu
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration recently announced that the use of morcellation may cause fibroids or pelvic dissemination and metastasis of uterine sarcoma; therefore, the use of morcellation is limited in the USA. A large sample study is necessary to assess the proportion of uterine malignant tumors found in patients with laparoscopic myomectomy. METHODS: A national multicenter study was performed in China. From 2002 to 2014, 33,723 cases were retrospectively selected...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129385/effect-directed-fingerprints-of-77-botanical-extracts-via-a-generic-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-method-combined-with-assays-and-mass-spectrometry
#18
S Krüger, L Hüsken, R Fornasari, I Scainelli, G E Morlock
Quantitative effect-directed profiles of 77 industrially and freshly extracted botanicals like herbs, spices, vegetables and fruits, widely used as food ingredients, dietary supplements or traditional medicine, gave relevant information on their quality. It allows the assessment of food, dietary supplements and phytomedicines with regard to potential health-promoting activities. In contrary to sum parameter assays and targeted analysis, chromatography combined with effect-directed analysis allows fast assignment of single active compounds and evaluation of their contribution to the overall activity, originating from a food or botanical sample...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127477/maternal-adipose-tissue-becomes-a-source-of-fatty-acids-for-the-fetus-in-fasted-pregnant-rats-given-diets-with-different-fatty-acid-compositions
#19
Iliana López-Soldado, Henar Ortega-Senovilla, Emilio Herrera
PURPOSE: The utilization of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) by the fetus may exceed its capacity to synthesize them from essential fatty acids, so they have to come from the mother. Since adipose tissue lipolytic activity is greatly accelerated under fasting conditions during late pregnancy, the aim was to determine how 24 h fasting in late pregnant rats given diets with different fatty acid compositions affects maternal and fetal tissue fatty acid profiles. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were given isoenergetic diets containing 10% palm-, sunflower-, olive- or fish-oil...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127474/a-traditional-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-preschool-children-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Lara Nasreddine, Hiba Shatila, Leila Itani, Nahla Hwalla, Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja
PURPOSE: The high burden of preschool overweight in the Middle East and North Africa highlights the need for rigorous investigations of its determinants. This study aims at identifying dietary patterns amongst preschoolers in Lebanon and assessing their association with overweight and obesity. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5-year-old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, dietary, lifestyle and anthropometric variables were collected...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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