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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231680/-a-review-on-the-advancement-of-internet-based-public-health-surveillance-program
#1
Y Q Zhao, W J Ma
Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230324/effects-of-short-term-energy-restriction-on-liver-lipid-content-and-inflammatory-status-in-severely-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-using-two-dietary-approaches
#2
Emma L Baldry, Guruprasad P Aithal, Philip Kaye, Iskandar R Idris, Andrew Bennett, Paul C Leeder, Ian A Macdonald
Short-term very low energy diets (VLED) are used in clinical practice prior to bariatric surgery, however, regimens vary and outcomes for a short intervention are unclear. We examined the effect of two VLEDs; a food-based diet (FD) and meal replacement plan (MRP) (LighterLife) over two weeks in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). We collected clinical and anthropometric data, fasting blood samples, and dietary evaluation questionnaires. Surgeons took liver biopsies and made a visual assessment of the liver...
February 23, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#3
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228425/prebiotic-supplementation-improves-appetite-control-in-children-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Megan P Hume, Alissa C Nicolucci, Raylene A Reimer
Background: Prebiotics have been shown to improve satiety in adults with overweight and obesity; however, studies in children are limited.Objective: We examined the effects of prebiotic supplementation on appetite control and energy intake in children with overweight and obesity.Design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Forty-two boys and girls, ages 7-12 y, with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th percentile were randomly assigned to 8 g oligofructose-enriched inulin/d or placebo (maltodextrin) for 16 wk...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228332/calorically-restricted-diets-decrease-pcsk9-in-overweight-adolescents
#5
A E Levenson, C E Milliren, S B Biddinger, C B Ebbeling, H A Feldman, D S Ludwig, S D de Ferranti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutritional therapy is the first line approach to treatment of hyperlipidemia in childhood. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key regulator of plasma cholesterol levels and a target of novel lipid-lowering pharmacotherapies. We examined the effects of an intensive nutritional intervention on PCSK9 levels in overweight adolescents with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty seven obese and overweight adolescents with CVD risk factors were assigned to either a low fat or low glycemic load diet...
January 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225937/relative-validity-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-identify-dietary-patterns-in-an-adult-mexican-population
#6
Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Katherine L Tucker, Jorge Salmerón, Mario Flores, Simón Barquera
Objective: To examine the validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) to identify dietary patterns in an adult Mexican population. Materials and methods: A 140-item SFFQ and two 24-hour dietary recalls (24DRs) were administered. Foods were categorized into 29 food groups used to derive dietary patterns via factor analysis. Pearson and intraclass correlations coefficients between dietary pattern scores identified from the SFFQ and 24DRs were assessed...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225380/effect-of-fasting-on-24-h-blood-pressure-values-of-individuals-with-no-previous-history-of-hypertension
#7
Ayse Seker, Hakan Demirci, Gokhan Ocakoglu, Ufuk Aydin, Hakan Ucar, Gursel Yildiz, Ozen Yaman
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the difference in 24-h blood pressure values during Ramadan of fasting and nonfasting individuals with no previous history of hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was planned as a multicenter research study in the cities of Izmit, Zonguldak, Sivas, and Adana. The percentage changes in the blood pressure of the patients were calculated from their blood pressure measurements at 0 h while they were resting. A Food Frequency Questionnaire was filled out by all participants...
February 20, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224774/comparison-of-luminex-nxtag-respiratory-pathogen-panel-and-xtag-respiratory-viral-panel-fast-version-2-for-the-detection-of-respiratory-viruses
#8
Chun Kiat Lee, Hong Kai Lee, Christopher Wei Siong Ng, Lily Chiu, Julian Wei Tze Tang, Tze Ping Loh, Evelyn Siew Chuan Koay
Owing to advancements in molecular diagnostics, recent years have seen an increasing number of laboratories adopting respiratory viral panels to detect respiratory pathogens. In December 2015, the NxTAG respiratory pathogen panel (NxTAG RPP) was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. We compared the clinical performance of this new assay with that of the xTAG respiratory viral panel (xTAG RVP) FAST v2 using 142 clinical samples and 12 external quality assessment samples. Discordant results were resolved by using a laboratory-developed respiratory viral panel...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224473/relationship-between-major-dietary-patterns-and-sarcopenia-among-menopausal-women
#9
Reza Mohseni, Sima Aliakbar, Afsoun Abdollahi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Zhila Maghbooli, Khadijeh Mirzaei
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary habits have been associated with the prevalence of the sarcopenia and limited data are available in this field for menopausal women. This study focused on the relationship between dietary patterns and prevalence of the sarcopenia in menopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in 250 menopausal women 45 years old or older. Dietary data were collected using a food-frequency questionnaire and physical activity was assessed by International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)...
February 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224277/energy-metabolism-during-endurance-flight-and-the-post-flight-recovery-phase
#10
REVIEW
Susanne Jenni-Eiermann
Migrating birds are known to fly non-stop for thousands of kilometres without food or water intake and at a high metabolic rate thereby relying on energy stores which were built up preceding a flight bout. Hence, from a physiological point of view the metabolism of a migrant has to switch between an active fasting phase during flight and a fuelling phase during stopover. To meet the energetic and water requirements of endurance flight, migratory birds have to store an optimal fuel composition and they have to be able to quickly mobilize and deliver sufficient energy to the working flight muscles...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221956/microbiological-quality-and-occurrence-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-fresh-squeezed-orange-juice-samples-purchased-from-street-vendors-in-mexico-city
#11
Jorge F Cerna-Cortes, Ana Laura Cortes-Cueto, Maria Rosalia Cano-Gaona, Nancy Leon-Montes, Addy C Helguera-Repetto, Sandra Rivera-Gutierrez, Laura P Salas-Rangel, Javier Castro-Rosas, Jorge A Gonzalez-Y-Merchand
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are potentially pathogenic agents commonly found in a natural ecosystem. For this reason, food is considered another source of NTM transmission for humans. The aims of this study were to evaluate the microbiological quality and the occurrence of NTM in fresh-squeezed orange juice samples purchased from street vendors. All 102 samples analyzed were positive for aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB), with limits ranging from 1.8 to 6.2 log CFU/ml. A total of 55 (54%), 25 (25%), and 13 (13%) orange juice samples were positive for total coliforms (TC), fecal coliforms (FC), and Escherichia coli , respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220903/application-of-carbohydrate-arrays-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry-to-detect-activity-of-plant-polysaccharide-degradative-enzymes-from-the-fungus-aspergillus-niger
#12
Jolanda M van Munster, Baptiste Thomas, Michel Riese, Adrienne L Davis, Christopher J Gray, David B Archer, Sabine L Flitsch
Renewables-based biotechnology depends on enzymes to degrade plant lignocellulose to simple sugars that are converted to fuels or high-value products. Identification and characterization of such lignocellulose degradative enzymes could be fast-tracked by availability of an enzyme activity measurement method that is fast, label-free, uses minimal resources and allows direct identification of generated products. We developed such a method by applying carbohydrate arrays coupled with MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry to identify reaction products of carbohydrate active enzymes (CAZymes) of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220106/synchronization-by-daytime-restricted-food-access-modulates-the-presence-and-subcellular-distribution-of-%C3%AE-catenin-and-its-phosphorylated-forms-in-the-rat-liver
#13
Dalia Luz De Ita-Pérez, Mauricio Díaz-Muñoz
β-catenin, the principal effector of the Wnt pathway, is also one of the cadherin cell adhesion molecules; therefore, it fulfills signaling and structural roles in most of the tissues and organs. It has been reported that β-catenin in the liver regulates metabolic responses such as gluconeogenesis and histological changes in response to obesity-promoting diets. The function and cellular location of β-catenin is finely modulated by coordinated sequences of phosphorylation-dephosphorylation events. In this article, we evaluated the levels and cellular localization of liver β-catenin variants, more specifically β-catenin phosphorylated in serine 33 (this phosphorylation provides recognizing sites for β-TrCP, which results in ubiquitination and posterior proteasomal degradation of β-catenin) and β-catenin phosphorylated in serine 675 (phosphorylation that enhances signaling and transcriptional activity of β-catenin through recruitment of different transcriptional coactivators)...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219696/irisin-in-goldfish-carassius-auratus-effects-of-irisin-injections-on-feeding-behavior-and-expression-of-appetite-regulators-uncoupling-proteins-and-lipoprotein-lipase-and-fasting-induced-changes-in-fndc5-expression
#14
Zahndra Diann Butt, Jessica Dalton Hackett, Hélène Volkoff
Irisin is a peptide cleaved from the fibronectin type III domain containing protein 5 (FNDC5) gene that is secreted predominantly by muscle cells but also by other tissues including brain and intestine. In mammals, irisin has been shown to have thermogenic actions via the modulation of uncoupling proteins (UCPs) and to affect feeding and energy homeostasis via actions in brain, adipose tissue, liver, muscle and gastrointestinal tract. To examine the role of irisin on feeding and metabolism in fish, the effects of peripheral (intraperitoneal) injections of irisin on feeding behavior, glucose levels and the mRNA expressions of appetite regulators (cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript CART, agouti related protein AgRP, orexin), UCPs and lipoprotein lipase LPL and brain factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor , BDNF and tyrosine hydroxylase TH) were assessed in brain, white muscle and intestine...
February 17, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219000/acute-ghrelin-changes-food-preference-from-high-fat-diet-to-chow-during-binge-like-eating-in-rodents
#15
Tina Bake, Kim T Hellgren, Suzanne L Dickson
Ghrelin, an orexigenic hormone released from the empty stomach, provides a gut-brain signal that promotes many appetitive behaviors, including anticipatory and goal-directed behaviors for palatable treats high in sugar and/or fat. Here we sought to determine whether ghrelin is able to influence and/or may even have a role in binge-like behavior in rodents. To this end, we used a palatable scheduled feeding (PSF) paradigm in which ad libitum chow-fed rodents are trained to "binge" on high fat diet (HFD) offered each day for a limited period of 2 hr...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218736/patterns-of-dairy-food-intake-body-composition-and-markers-of-metabolic-health-in-ireland-results-from-the-national-adult-nutrition-survey
#16
E L Feeney, A O'Sullivan, A P Nugent, B McNulty, J Walton, A Flynn, E R Gibney
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic health, identify patterns of dairy food consumption and determine whether dairy dietary patterns are associated with outcomes of metabolic health, in a cross-sectional survey...
February 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218622/activation-of-murine-pre-proglucagon-producing-neurons-reduces-food-intake-and-body-weight
#17
Ronald P Gaykema, Brandon A Newmyer, Matteo Ottolini, Vidisha Raje, Daniel M Warthen, Philip S Lambeth, Maria Niccum, Ting Yao, Yiru Huang, Ira G Schulman, Thurl E Harris, Manoj K Patel, Kevin W Williams, Michael M Scott
Peptides derived from pre-proglucagon (GCG peptides) act in both the periphery and the CNS to change food intake, glucose homeostasis, and metabolic rate while playing a role in anxiety behaviors and physiological responses to stress. Although the actions of GCG peptides produced in the gut and pancreas are well described, the role of glutamatergic GGC peptide-secreting hindbrain neurons in regulating metabolic homeostasis has not been investigated. Here, we have shown that chemogenetic stimulation of GCG-producing neurons reduces metabolic rate and food intake in fed and fasted states and suppresses glucose production without an effect on glucose uptake...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217808/-lipid-lowering-effect-of-seven-traditional-chinese-medicine-monomers-in-zebrafish-system
#18
Kan Chen, Chang-Qian Wang, Yu-Qi Fan, Zhi-Hua Han, Yue Wang, Lin Gao, Hua-Su Zeng
The present study aimed to study lipid-lowering effect of seven traditional Chinese medicine monomers in zebrafish system. Zebrafish were fed with high fat diet to establish a hyperlipemia model, then fasted and bathed with seven traditional Chinese medicine monomers stigmasterol, triacontanol, chrysophanol, vanillic acid, shikimic acid, polydatin and oleanolic acid respectively. The oil red O staining was used to detect the blood lipids of zebrafish. Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were detected to validate the lipid-lowering effect...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217587/is-small-town-india-falling-into-the-nutritional-trap-of-metro-cities-a-study-in-school-going-adolescents
#19
Tabassum Nawab, Zulfia Khan, Iqbal Mohammed Khan, Mohammed Athar Ansari
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increasing secular trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developing countries. The prevalence reported among children and adolescents of some metro cities in India are comparable to that in some developed countries. Westernization of culture, rapid mushrooming of fast food joints, lack of physical activity, and increasing sedentary pursuits in the metro cities are some of the reasons implicated for this. The nutritional changes in small town school children might be following the same pattern of larger cities...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216454/protective-effects-of-short-term-dietary-restriction-in-surgical-stress-and-chemotherapy
#20
REVIEW
Sebastian Brandhorst, Eylul Harputlugil, James R Mitchell, Valter D Longo
Reduced caloric intake including fasting, as well as the dietary composition or the timing of food intake impact longevity, likely through a modification in the onset or the severity of chronic aging-related diseases such as cancer. As with pre- and post-operative dietary recommendations, evidence-based nutritional advice from healthcare professionals during and after cancer treatment is often vague or conflicting. We hypothesize that preventive dietary recommendations can help in the context of both chronic cancer treatment efficacy and the avoidance of development of secondary malignancies, as well as in the context of protection from the acute stress of surgery...
February 16, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
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