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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803908/comparative-analysis-of-basidiomycete-transcriptomes-reveals-a-core-set-of-expressed-genes-encoding-plant-biomass-degrading-enzymes
#1
Mao Peng, Maria Victoria Aguilar-Pontes, Matthieu Hainaut, Bernard Henrissat, Kristiina Hildén, Miia R Mäkelä, Ronald P de Vries
Basidiomycete fungi can degrade a wide range of plant biomass, including living and dead trees, forest litter, crops, and plant matter in soils. Understanding the process of plant biomass decay by basidiomycetes could facilitate their application in various industrial sectors such as food & feed, detergent, and biofuels, and also provide new insights into their essential biological role in the global carbon cycle. The fast expansion of basidiomycete genomic and functional genomics data (e.g. transcriptomics, proteomics) has facilitated exploration of key genes and regulatory mechanisms of plant biomass degradation...
August 10, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803071/responses-of-szarvasi-1-energy-grass-to-sewage-sludge-treatments-in-hydroponics
#2
Ambrus Rév, Brigitta Tóth, Ádám Solti, Gyula Sipos, Ferenc Fodor
Sewage sludge (SS) originating from communal wastewater is a hazardous material but have a potentially great nutritive value. Its disposal after treatment in agricultural lands can be a very economical and safe way of utilization once fast growing, high biomass, perennial plants of renewable energy production are cultivated. Szarvasi-1 energy grass (Elymus elongatus subsp. ponticus cv. Szarvasi-1), a good candidate for this application, was grown in hydroponics in order to assess its metal accumulation and tolerance under increasing SS amendments...
August 1, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802639/body-weight-perception-and-body-weight-control-behaviors-in-adolescents
#3
Robson Frank, Gaia S Claumann, Érico P G Felden, Diego A S Silva, Andreia Pelegrini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of body weight (as above or below the desired) and behaviors for body weight control in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 1051 adolescents (aged 15-19 years) who were high school students attending public schools. The authors collected information on the perception of body weight (dependent variable), weight control behaviors (initiative to change the weight, physical exercise, eating less or cutting calories, fasting for 24h, taking medications, vomiting, or taking laxatives), and measured body weight and height to calculate the body mass index and then classify the weight status...
August 10, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802575/military-experience-can-influence-women-s-eating-habits
#4
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Andrea Nevedal, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802300/media-exposure-and-parental-mediation-on-fast-food-consumption-among-children-in-metropolitan-and-suburban-indonesian
#5
May O Lwin, Shelly Malik, Hardinsyah Ridwan, Cyndy Sook Sum Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fast-food companies have been reproached for rising obesity levels due to aggressive marketing tactics targeted at children. They have countered that parents should be held responsible considering their critical role as nutritional gatekeepers. This study examined the comparative effects of media exposure and parental mediation on Indonesian children's fast food consumption and how the effects compare in the metropolitan versus suburban areas. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 394 child-mother pairs comprising grade three and four children and their mothers from two schools each in Jakarta and Bogor representing 40...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#6
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#7
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800211/pharmacokinetics-and-bioequivalence-of-branded-and-generic-formulations-of-dofetilide-0-5-mg-capsules-after-single-dose-administration-in-healthy-subjects
#8
James T VanderLugt, Charles Bon, Dean Knuth, Rhonda Schreiber, Michael D Ruff
Class III antiarrhythmics are preferred therapy for managing atrial fibrillation/flutter. Dofetilide 0.5-mg capsules were US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in 1999 to treat atrial fibrillation/flutter. Bioequivalence of generic dofetilide is important for treating arrhythmias because drug concentrations must be consistent to maintain normal sinus rhythm. Generic dofetilide 0.5-mg capsule pharmacokinetics were compared with branded product in 2 open-label, 2-way crossover, single-dose studies - 1 study each in fasted and fed healthy subjects...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799896/neurosecretory-protein-gl-stimulates-food-intake-de-novo-lipogenesis-and-onset-of-obesity
#9
Eiko Iwakoshi-Ukena, Kenshiro Shikano, Kunihiro Kondo, Shusuke Taniuchi, Megumi Furumitsu, Yuta Ochi, Tsutomu Sasaki, Shiki Okamoto, George E Bentley, Lance J Kriegsfeld, Yasuhiko Minokoshi, Kazuyoshi Ukena
Mechanisms underlying the central regulation of food intake and fat accumulation are not fully understood. We found that neurosecretory protein GL (NPGL), a newly-identified neuropeptide, increased food intake and white adipose tissue (WAT) in rats. NPGL-precursor gene overexpression in the hypothalamus caused increases in food intake, WAT, body mass, and circulating insulin when fed a high calorie diet. Intracerebroventricular administration of NPGL induced de novo lipogenesis in WAT, increased insulin, and it selectively induced carbohydrate intake...
August 11, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799894/meal-specific-food-patterns-and-the-incidence-of-hyperglycemia-in-a-chinese-adult-population
#10
Zumin Shi, Malcolm Riley, Anne Taylor, Manny Noakes
This study aimed to examine the association between meal-specific food patterns and incident hyperglycaemia in a Chinese adult population. Adults aged 20 years and older (n 1056) were followed from 2002 to 2007. Dietary data were collected using a 3-d food record and meal-specific (breakfast, lunch and dinner) food patterns were independently described by factor analysis based on the consumption of thirty-five food groups at each eating occasion. Each food pattern score was recoded as quartiles. Hyperglycaemia was defined as fasting plasma glucose >5·6 mmol/l at baseline and follow-up...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797239/nutrient-supply-affects-the-mrna-expression-profile-of-the-porcine-skeletal-muscle
#11
Tainã Figueiredo Cardoso, Raquel Quintanilla, Joan Tibau, Marta Gil, Emilio Mármol-Sánchez, Olga González-Rodríguez, Rayner González-Prendes, Marcel Amills
BACKGROUND: The genetic basis of muscle fat deposition in pigs is not well known. So far, we have only identified a limited number of genes involved in the absorption, transport, storage and catabolism of lipids. Such information is crucial to interpret, from a biological perspective, the results of genome-wide association analyses for intramuscular fat content and composition traits. Herewith, we have investigated how the ingestion of food changes gene expression in the gluteus medius muscle of Duroc pigs...
August 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794952/potassium-ion-selective-fluorescent-sensors-to-detect-cereulide-the-emetic-toxin-of-b-%C3%A2-cereus-in-food-samples-and-hela-cells
#12
José García-Calvo, Saturnino Ibeas, Eva-Clara Antón-García, Tomás Torroba, Gerardo González-Aguilar, Wilson Antunes, Eloísa González-Lavado, Mónica L Fanarraga
We report the development of new chemical probes for cereulide, a toxic metabolite produced by specific strains of Bacillus cereus, through displacement of potassium cations from a preformed specific complex and a subsequent change in the fluorescence emission. For this purpose, we designed fluorescent probes for potassium cations that were suitable for displacement assays with cereulide from organic extracts. The fluorescence detection of natural cereulide in rice samples was achieved by using synthetic cereulide as a reference and a potassium fluorescent reporter, and this was found to be useful as a portable and fast method for the in situ detection of cereulide in food extracts...
August 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794208/estimation-of-chicken-intake-by-adults-using-metabolomics-derived-markers
#13
Xiaofei Yin, Helena Gibbons, Milena Rundle, Gary Frost, Breige A McNulty, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan
Background: Improved assessment of meat intake with the use of metabolomics-derived markers can provide objective data and could be helpful in clarifying proposed associations between meat intake and health.Objective: The objective of this study was to identify novel markers of chicken intake using a metabolomics approach and use markers to determine intake in an independent cohort.Methods: Ten participants [age: 62 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 28.25] in the NutriTech food intake study consumed increasing amounts of chicken, from 88 to 290 g/d, in a 3-wk span...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793887/examining-the-relationship-between-the-food-environment-and-adult-diabetes-prevalence-by-county-economic-and-racial-composition-an-ecological-study
#14
Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Lucia A Leone
BACKGROUND: Inequitable access to healthy food may contribute to health disparities. This study examines the relationship between the prevalence of adult diabetes and food access in the U.S. by county economic/racial composition. METHODS: An ecological study from 2012 was used to estimate the relationship between diabetes and retail food outlet access. County diabetes prevalence was measured based on individual responses to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey question, "Have you ever been told by a doctor that you have diabetes?" If the answer was "yes" individuals were classified as having diabetes...
August 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793756/pharmacokinetics-of-rhodamine-110-and-its-organ-distribution-in-rats
#15
Shiau-Han Jiang, Yung-Yi Cheng, Teh-Ia Huo, Tung-Hu Tsai
Rhodamine dyes have been banned as food additives due to their potential tumorigenicity. Rhodamine 110 is illegal as a food additive, although its pharmacokinetics have not been characterized, and no accurate bioanalytical methods are available to quantify rhodamine 110. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a fast, stable, sensitive method to quantify rhodamine 110 using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) to assess its pharmacokinetics and organ distribution in awake rats...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791828/energy-exchangers-with-lct-as-a-precision-method-for-diet-control-in-lchadd
#16
REVIEW
Renata Mozrzymas, Klaudia Konikowska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHADD) is a rare genetic disease. The LCHADD treatment is mainly based on special diet. In this diet, energy from long-chain triglycerides (LCT) cannot exceed 10%, however energy intake from the consumption of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) should increase. The daily intake of energy should be compatible with energy requirements and treatment should involve frequent meals including during the night to avoid periods of fasting. In fact, there are no recommendations for total content of LCT in all of the allowed food in the LCHADD diet...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790294/-nutrient-assessment-and-perioperative-management-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy
#17
Makoto Sohda, Hiroyuki Kuwano
Esophagectomy is a most invasive operation, as compared with other operations of the gastrointestinal tract. Obstructions of the food passageway and the overgrowth of tissue postoperatively may lead to malnutrition. Therefore, significant assessment and management of nutrients is very important for esophageal cancer patients. The body mass index, albumin, the prognostic nutritional index, controlling nutritional status, and the Glasgow Prognostic Score are reported as useful assessment tools for esophageal cancer...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789729/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-the-gut-microbiota-pattern-and-gastrointestinal-characteristics-in-an-adult-population
#18
Evdokia K Mitsou, Aimilia Kakali, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Konstantinos C Mountzouris, Mary Yannakoulia, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Adamantini Kyriacou
This study aimed to explore the potential associations of adherence to the Mediterranean diet with gut microbiota characteristics and gastrointestinal symptomatology in an adult population. Other long-term dietary habits (e.g. consumption of snacks and junk food or stimulant intake) were also evaluated in terms of the gut microbiota profile. Participants (n 120) underwent anthropometric, dietary, physical activity and lifestyle evaluation. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed using a Mediterranean diet score, the MedDietScore, and subjects were classified into three tertiles according to individual adherence scoring...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782998/evaluation-of-whole-genome-mapping-as-a-fast-and-automated-molecular-epidemiological-tool-for-the-study-of-cronobacter-spp-in-powdered-infant-formula-processing-facilities
#19
Yanjie Tang, Geertrui Rasschaert, Liping Yu, Claire Chilton, Leen Baert
Cronobacter has been identified as the causative agent of outbreaks or sporadic cases of meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and septicemia associated with powdered infant formula. Food processing environments may provide a possible contamination route. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whole genome mapping (WGM) as a fast and automated molecular epidemiological method for characterizing Cronobacter spp. in the processing environment. This is the first study indicating the applicability of WGM to Cronobacter...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782535/alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-induced-anorexia-in-japanese-quail-coturnix-japonica-likely-involves-the-ventromedial-hypothalamus-and-paraventricular-nucleus-of-the-hypothalamus
#20
Taylor Lear, Lingbin Liu, Madison O'Donnell, Betty R McConn, D Michael Denbow, Mark A Cline, Elizabeth R Gilbert
Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) reduces food intake in birds and mammals. The objective of this experiment was to determine effects of α-MSH on food and water intake, and hypothalamic c-Fos immunoreactivity and appetite-associated factor mRNA in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), a species that has not undergone the same artificial selection for growth-related traits as the chicken. At 7days post-hatch, 3-h-fasted quail were intracerebroventricularly (ICV) injected into the lateral ventricle with 0 (vehicle), 0...
August 4, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
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