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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231504/effect-of-biochar-on-cadmium-bioavailability-and-uptake-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-grown-in-a-soil-with-aged-contamination
#1
Tahir Abbas, Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Farooq Qayyum, Farhat Abbas, Fakhir Hannan, Jörg Rinklebe, Yong Sik Ok
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known and widespread toxic heavy metal while the effects of biochar (BC) on Cd bioavailability and toxicity in wheat, especially in soils with aged contamination are largely unknown. In the present study, the effect of rice straw BC on Cd immobilization in soil and uptake by wheat in an agricultural contaminated-soil was investigated. Different levels of rice straw BC (0%, 1.5%, 3.0% and 5% w/w) were incorporated into the soil and incubated for two weeks. After this, wheat plants were grown in the amended soil until maturity...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231406/fungal-adaptation-to-contemporary-fungicide-applications-the-case-of-botrytis-cinerea-populations-from-champagne-vineyards-france
#2
A-S Walker, V Ravigne, A Rieux, S Ali, F Carpentier, E Fournier
In addition to being one of the most acute problems impeding chemical control of fungal diseases, the evolution of fungicide resistance is an emblematic case of local adaptation to spatially heterogeneous and temporally variable selection pressures. Here we dissected the adaptation of Botrytis cinerea (the causal agent of grey mould) populations on grapes to several fungicides. We carried out a two-year survey (four collection dates) on three treated/untreated pairs of plots from vineyards in Champagne (France), and monitored the frequency of four resistant phenotypes that are unambiguously associated to four distinct genotypes...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231371/efficacy-of-intralipid-infusion-in-reducing-amphotericin-b-associated-nephrotoxicity-in-head-and-neck-invasive-fungal-infection-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Mehrdad Hasibi, Sirous Jafari, Seyyed Ali Manshadi, Marjan Asadollahi, Mohammadreza Salehi, Varasteh Vakili Zarch, Ali Kouhi
Amphotericin B deoxycholate (ABD) is the best therapeutic agent available for the treatment of most systemic fungal infections. However, some untoward adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity may limit its appropriate therapeutic use. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial ofthe infusion of fat emulsion (Intralipid) shortly after the infusion of ABD to evaluate its effects on reducing ABD-associated nephrotoxicity. Our patient population was made up of 31 patients who were randomized into two groups: an intervention group (n = 16) and a control group (15 patients)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231327/functionally-focused-algorithmic-analysis-of-high-resolution-microarray-cgh-genomic-landscapes-demonstrates-comparable-genomic-copy-number-aberrations-in-msi-and-mss-sporadic-colorectal-cancer
#4
Hamad Ali, Milad S Bitar, Ashraf Al Madhoun, Makia Marafie, Fahd Al-Mulla
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) emerged as a powerful technology for studying copy number variations at higher resolution in many cancers including colorectal cancer. However, the lack of standardized systematic protocols including bioinformatic algorithms to obtain and analyze genomic data resulted in significant variation in the reported copy number aberration (CNA) data. Here, we present genomic aCGH data obtained using highly stringent and functionally relevant statistical algorithms from 116 well-defined microsatellites instable (MSI) and microsatellite stable (MSS) colorectal cancers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231286/lexicon-enhanced-sentiment-analysis-framework-using-rule-based-classification-scheme
#5
Muhammad Zubair Asghar, Aurangzeb Khan, Shakeel Ahmad, Maria Qasim, Imran Ali Khan
With the rapid increase in social networks and blogs, the social media services are increasingly being used by online communities to share their views and experiences about a particular product, policy and event. Due to economic importance of these reviews, there is growing trend of writing user reviews to promote a product. Nowadays, users prefer online blogs and review sites to purchase products. Therefore, user reviews are considered as an important source of information in Sentiment Analysis (SA) applications for decision making...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231264/precision-engineering-for-prrsv-resistance-in-pigs-macrophages-from-genome-edited-pigs-lacking-cd163-srcr5-domain-are-fully-resistant-to-both-prrsv-genotypes-while-maintaining-biological-function
#6
Christine Burkard, Simon G Lillico, Elizabeth Reid, Ben Jackson, Alan J Mileham, Tahar Ait-Ali, C Bruce A Whitelaw, Alan L Archibald
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is a panzootic infectious disease of pigs, causing major economic losses to the world-wide pig industry. PRRS manifests differently in pigs of all ages but primarily causes late-term abortions and stillbirths in sows and respiratory disease in piglets. The causative agent of the disease is the positive-strand RNA PRRS virus (PRRSV). PRRSV has a narrow host cell tropism, limited to cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. CD163 has been described as a fusion receptor for PRRSV, whereby the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domain 5 (SRCR5) region was shown to be an interaction site for the virus in vitro...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231174/optimization-of-ultrasound-assisted-extraction-preliminary-characterization-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-activity-of-polysaccharides-from-green-pea-pods
#7
Maryam Jalili Safaryan, Ali Ganjloo, Mandana Bimakr, Soheila Zarringhalami
In this study, ultrasound-assisted extraction of green pea pod polysaccharide (GPPP) was investigated and optimized using a central composite response surface design coupled with a numerical optimization technique. The effects of ultrasonic power (50-150 W), sonication time (20-80 min), ratio of water to raw material (20:1-40:1 mL/g) and extraction temperature (40-80 °C) on polysaccharide extraction yield were studied. The maximum extraction yield was obtained with a sonication power of 135.34 W, extraction time of 48...
November 28, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230751/the-feasibility-of-embedding-data-collection-into-the-routine-service-delivery-of-a-multi-component-program-for-high-risk-young-people
#8
Alice Knight, Alys Havard, Anthony Shakeshaft, Myfanwy Maple, Mieke Snijder, Bernie Shakeshaft
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people, of whom Indigenous young people are disproportionately represented, due to few evaluation studies of interventions. One way to increase the evidence is to have researchers and service providers collaborate to embed evaluation into the routine delivery of services, so program delivery and evaluation occur simultaneously. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating best-evidence measures into the routine data collection processes of a service for high-risk young people, and identify the number and nature of risk factors experienced by participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230734/deep%C3%A2-transcriptome%C3%A2-sequencing%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-two%C3%A2-green%C3%A2-algae-chara%C3%A2-vulgaris%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-chlamydomonas%C3%A2-reinhardtii-%C3%A2-provides%C3%A2-no%C3%A2-evidence%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-organellar%C3%A2-rna%C3%A2-editing
#9
A Bruce Cahoon, John A Nauss, Conner D Stanley, Ali Qureshi
Nearly all land plants post-transcriptionally modify specific nucleotides within RNAs, a process known as RNA editing. This adaptation allows the correction of deleterious mutations within the asexually reproducing and presumably non-recombinant chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes. There are no reports of RNA editing in any of the green algae so this phenomenon is presumed to have originated in embryophytes either after the invasion of land or in the now extinct algal ancestor of all land plants. This was challenged when a recent in silico screen for RNA edit sites based on genomic sequence homology predicted edit sites in the green alga Chara vulgaris, a multicellular alga found within the Streptophyta clade and one of the closest extant algal relatives of land plants...
February 20, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230596/the-efficacy-of-immediate-implant-placement-in-extraction-sockets-for-alveolar-bone-preservation-a-clinical-evaluation-using-three-dimensional-cone-beam-computerized-tomography-and-resonance-frequency-analysis-value
#10
Ali Al Qabbani, Noor Hayati A Razak, Sausan Al Kawas, Suzina Sheikh Abdul Hamid, Saad Wahbi, A R Samsudin
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of immediate implant placement with alveolar bone augmentation on socket preservation following atraumatic tooth extraction and comparing it with a tooth alveolar socket that was allowed to heal in a conventional way.Twenty medically fit patients (8 males and 12 females aged between 18 and 40 years) who needed noncomplicated tooth extraction of mandibular premolar teeth were divided randomly and equally into 2 groups. In Group I, the empty extraction socket was left untreated and allowed to heal in a conventional way...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230539/polyenergetic-known-component-ct-reconstruction-with-unknown-material-compositions-and-unknown-x-ray-spectra
#11
Shiyu Xu, Ali Uneri, Akhil Khanna, Jeffrey Siewerdsen, Joseph Webster Stayman
Metal artifacts can cause substantial image quality issues in computed tomography. This is particularly true in interventional imaging where surgical tools or metal implants are in the field-of-view. Moreover, the region-of-interest is often near such devices which is exactly where image quality degradations are largest. Previous work on known-component reconstruction (KCR) has shown the incorporation of a physical model (e.g. shape, material composition, etc.) of the metal component into the reconstruction algorithm can significantly reduce artifacts even near the edge of a metal component...
February 23, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230264/isolated-aneurysms-of-the-membranous-ventricular-septum-without-residual-shunts-systematic-review-and-description-of-3-cases-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Ali Abdul Jabbar, Omar Mufti, Wojciech Mazur, Muhammad Bilal Quraishi, Bal K Srivastava, Vijay Tivakaran
A ventricular septal defect is the most common congenital cardiac abnormality encountered in infants and children. Many of them survive through adulthood before diagnosis. Two-thirds of the cases involve the membranous part of the septum. In the absence of an interventricular shunt or concomitant cardiac surgery, guidelines for surgical intervention or resection of isolated aneurysms of the membranous septum are not well established. In this report, we discuss a multi-imaging modality approach for the diagnosis and assessment of membranous ventricular septal aneurysms and review the experts' consensuses for follow-up and treatment strategies...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230174/a-hydrophobic-patch-surrounding-trp154-in-human-neuroserpin-controls-the-helix-f-dynamics-with-implications-in-inhibition-and-aggregation
#13
Mohammad Farhan Ali, Abhinav Kaushik, Charu Kapil, Dinesh Gupta, Mohamad Aman Jairajpuri
Neuroserpin (NS) mediated inhibition of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is important for brain development, synapse formation and memory. Aberrations in helix F and β-sheet A movement during inhibition can directly lead to epilepsy or dementia. Conserved W154 residue in a hydrophobic patch between helix F and β-sheet A is ideally placed to control their movement during inhibition. Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation on wild type (WT) NS and its two variants (W154A and W154P) demonstrated partial deformation in helix F and conformational differences in strands 1A and 2A only in W154P...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229975/diverse-roles-of-wdr5-rbbp5-ash2l-dpy30-wrad-complex-in-the-functions-of-the-set1-histone-methyltransferase-family
#14
Aamir Ali, Shweta Tyagi
WD repeat containing protein 5 (WDR5), Retinoblastoma Binding Protein 5 (RbBP5), Absent-Small-Homeotic-2- Like protein (ASH2L), and Dumpy-30 (Dpy30) have been reported to be the integral and shared components of all the SET1 family of histone 3 lysine 4 histone methyltransferase (HMT) complexes. Collectively called the WRAD complex, these proteins are pivotal to the HMT activity of the SET1 complexes. Recent reports highlight the novel non-canonical functions of WRAD in cellular processes other than its well-studied role in histone methylation and gene expression...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229912/mid-diastolic-left-ventricular-volume-and-mass-normal-values-for-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography
#15
Daniel Juneau, Fernanda Erthal, Owen Clarkin, Atif Alzahrani, Ali Alenazy, Alomgir Hossain, Joao R Inacio, Girish Dwivedi, Alexander J Dick, Frank J Rybicki, Benjamin J W Chow
BACKGROUND: The adoption of prospectively ECG-triggered acquisition coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has resulted in the inability to measure left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic volume and LV ejection fraction. However other prognostic measures such as LV mass and LV mid-diastolic volume (LVMDV) can still be assessed. The objective of this study is to establish normal reference values for LVMDV and LV mass. METHODS: Left ventricular mid-diastolic volumes and LV mass were prospectively measured in 2647 consecutive 'normal' patients undergoing prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229383/mirna-based-heavy-metal-homeostasis-and-plant-growth
#16
Ali Noman, Muhammad Aqeel
Plants have been naturally gifted with mechanisms to adjust under very high or low nutrient concentrations. Heavy metal toxicity is considered as a major growth and yield-limiting factor for plants. This stress includes essential as well as non-essential metals. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known for mediating post-transcriptional regulation by cleaving transcripts or translational inhibition. It is commonly agreed that an extensive understanding of plant miRNAs will significantly help in the induction of tolerance against environmental stresses...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229351/the-relationship-between-religious-coping-and-self-care-behaviors-in-iranian-medical-students
#17
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Kelly A Allen, Saman Jamali, Mohammad Ali Heydari Gorji
In recent years, researchers have identified that coping strategies are an important contributor to an individual's life satisfaction and ability to manage stress. The positive relationship between religious copings, specifically, with physical and mental health has also been identified in some studies. Spirituality and religion have been discussed rigorously in research, but very few studies exist on religious coping. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between religious coping methods (i...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229322/endoscopic-features-of-lacrimal-sac-in-a-case-of-lichen-planus
#18
Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229315/the-utility-of-diagnostic-laparoscopy-in-post-bariatric-surgery-patients-with-chronic-abdominal-pain-of-unknown-etiology
#19
Mohammad Alsulaimy, Suriya Punchai, Fouzeyah A Ali, Matthew Kroh, Philip R Schauer, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian
PURPOSE: Chronic abdominal pain after bariatric surgery is associated with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the yield of laparoscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in post-bariatric surgery patients with chronic abdominal pain who had negative imaging and endoscopic studies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on post-bariatric surgery patients who underwent laparoscopy for diagnosis and treatment of chronic abdominal pain at a single academic center...
February 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229295/benchmarking-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-practice-with-ent-uk-guidelines
#20
Ali S Al-Qahtani
The aim of this study was to benchmark our guidelines of prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in ENT surgical population against ENT.UK guidelines, and also to encourage healthcare providers to utilize benchmarking as an effective method of improving performance. The study design is prospective descriptive analysis. The setting of this study is tertiary referral centre (Assir Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia). In this study, we are benchmarking our practice guidelines of the prevention of VTE in the ENT surgical population against that of ENT...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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