Read by QxMD icon Read


Habib Rostami, Ali G Moghaddam, Reza Asgari
We investigate the spin relaxation and Kondo resistivity caused by magnetic impurities in doped transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers. We show that momentum and spin relaxation times, due to the exchange interaction by magnetic impurities, are much longer when the Fermi level is inside the spin-split region of the valence band. In contrast to the spin relaxation, we find that the dependence of Kondo temperature T K on the doping is not strongly affected by the spin-orbit induced splitting, although only one of the spin species are present at each valley...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
G Sybren de Hoog, Karolina Dukik, Michel Monod, Ann Packeu, Dirk Stubbe, Marijke Hendrickx, Christiane Kupsch, J Benjamin Stielow, Joanna Freeke, Markus Göker, Ali Rezaei-Matehkolaei, Hossein Mirhendi, Yvonne Gräser
Type and reference strains of members of the onygenalean family Arthrodermataceae have been sequenced for rDNA ITS and partial LSU, the ribosomal 60S protein, and fragments of β-tubulin and translation elongation factor 3. The resulting phylogenetic trees showed a large degree of correspondence, and topologies matched those of earlier published phylogenies demonstrating that the phylogenetic representation of dermatophytes and dermatophyte-like fungi has reached an acceptable level of stability. All trees showed Trichophyton to be polyphyletic...
October 25, 2016: Mycopathologia
Zeineb Kamoun, Alya Sellami Kamoun, Ali Bougatef, Rim Marrakchi Kharrat, Houssem Youssfi, Tahia Boudawara, Mouna Chakroun, Moncef Nasri, Najiba Zeghal
Ethanol consumption-induced oxidative stress that is a major etiological factor has been proven to play important roles in organs' injury. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of fish protein hydrolysate prepared from the heads and viscera of sardinelle (Sardinella aurita) (SPH) against the toxicity of ethanol on the liver and kidney of adult male rats. Animals were divided into four groups of six animals each: group C served as control, group Eth received 30 % ethanol solution at the dose of 3 g/kg body weight, group SPH received only 7...
October 25, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zhale Rajavi, Ali Lashgari, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and related risk factors of reoperation among patients with infantile exotropia who were operated on at Imam Hossein Medical Center, Tehran, Iran, from 2001 to 2015. METHODS: In this study, 82 children (55 girls and 27 boys) with infantile exotropia were divided into two groups 3 months after their first operation: children with horizontal deviation of 10 prism diopters (PD) or less (n = 64; success group) and those with horizontal deviation greater than 10 PD (n = 18; failure group)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Patrick Kellner, Mattia Müller, Tobias Piegeler, Philipp Eugster, Christa Booy, Martin Schläpfer, Beatrice Beck-Schimmer
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing acute lung injury (ALI) often need mechanical ventilation for which sedation may be required. In such patients, usually the first choice an intravenously administered drug. However, growing evidence suggests that volatile anesthetics such as sevoflurane are a valuable alternative. In this study, we evaluate pulmonary and systemic effects of long-term (24-hour) sedation with sevoflurane compared with propofol in an in vivo animal model of ALI. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to ALI by intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) application, mechanically ventilated and sedated for varying intervals up to 24 hours with either sevoflurane or propofol...
October 24, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Kimberly Howard-Quijano, Ali Salem, Charles Barkulis, Einat Mazor, Jennifer C Scovotti, Jonathan K Ho, Richard J Shemin, Tristan Grogan, David Elashoff, Aman Mahajan
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography-based speckle-tracking strain imaging is an emerging modality to assess left ventricular function. The aim of this study was to investigate the change in left ventricular systolic function after cardiac surgery with 3-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking strain imaging and to determine whether preoperative 3D strain is an independent predictor of acute and long-term clinical outcomes after aortic valve, mitral valve, and coronary artery bypass grafting operations...
October 24, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Asmaa N Mohammad, Khairy H Morsy, Moustafa A Ali
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To find the most accurate, suitable, and applicable scoring system for the prediction of outcome in cirrhotic patients with bleeding varices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted comprising 120 cirrhotic patients with acute variceal bleeding who were admitted to Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology Department in Sohag University Hospital, over a 1-year period (1/2015 to 1/2016). The clinical, laboratory, and endoscopic parameters were studied...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Muhammad Afzal, Maqbool Hussain, Wajahat Ali Khan, Taqdir Ali, Arif Jamshed, Sungyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: With the increasing use of electronic health records (EHRs), there is a growing need to expand the utilization of EHR data to support clinical research. The key challenge in achieving this goal is the unavailability of smart systems and methods to overcome the issue of data preparation, structuring, and sharing for smooth clinical research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a robust analysis system called the smart extraction and analysis system (SEAS) that consists of two subsystems: (1) the information extraction system (IES), for extracting information from clinical documents, and (2) the survival analysis system (SAS), for a descriptive and predictive analysis to compile the survival statistics and predict the future chance of survivability...
October 26, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Amiri Qandashtani Roya, Mohamadi Sani Ali
Levels of the heavy metals arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) were determined in rice samples imported from India and Pakistan and marketed in Torbat-Heidarieh, Iran. To assess the safety of dietary intake of these metals by rice, the estimated weekly intake (EWI) was calculated and compared with the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI). The results indicated that mean values for Pb and cadmium in imported rice were considerably higher than the safe limit as set by FAO/WHO. EWI for cadmium and As among the consumed types of imported rice was lower than the PTWI...
October 26, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Miren Larrañaga, M Mounir Bou-Ali, Estela Lapeira, Ion Lizarraga, Carlos Santamaría
In the present work, we have measured the thermodiffusion coefficient of 51 binary liquid mixtures at 25 (o)C. These mixtures correspond to the series of the aromatics toluene and 1-methylnaphthalene with n-alkanes nCi (i = 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14) at different mass fractions in the whole range. For that, we have used the thermogravitational technique. It is shown that the thermodiffusion coefficient is a linear function of the mass fraction in all the mixtures. Extrapolating the lines, we obtain the thermodiffusion coefficient in dilute solutions of n-alkanes for both toluene and 1-methylnaphthalene...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Ali Alawieh, Stephen Tomlinson
Cumulative evidence indicates a role for the complement system in both pathology and recovery after ischemic stroke. Here, we review the current understanding of the dual role of complement in poststroke injury and recovery, and discuss the challenges of anti-complement therapies. Most complement directed therapeutics currently under investigation or development systemically inhibit the complement system, but since complement is important for immune surveillance and is involved in various homeostatic activities, there are potential risks associated with systemic inhibition...
November 2016: Immunological Reviews
Ali Saber Abdelhameed, Gordon A Morris, Fahad Almutairi, Gary G Adams, Pierre Duvivier, Karel Conrath, Stephen E Harding
The structural integrity of meningococcal native, micro-fluidized and activated capsular polysaccharides and their glycoconjugates - in the form most relevant to their potential use as vaccines (dilute solution) - have been investigated with respect to their homogeneity, conformation and flexibility. Sedimentation velocity analysis showed that the polysaccharide size distributions were generally bimodal with some evidence for higher molar mass forms at higher concentration. Weight average molar masses Mw where lower for activated polysaccharides...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Raman Bahal, Nicole Ali McNeer, Elias Quijano, Yanfeng Liu, Parker Sulkowski, Audrey Turchick, Yi-Chien Lu, Dinesh C Bhunia, Arunava Manna, Dale L Greiner, Michael A Brehm, Christopher J Cheng, Francesc López-Giráldez, Adele Ricciardi, Jagadish Beloor, Diane S Krause, Priti Kumar, Patrick G Gallagher, Demetrios T Braddock, W Mark Saltzman, Danith H Ly, Peter M Glazer
The blood disorder, β-thalassaemia, is considered an attractive target for gene correction. Site-specific triplex formation has been shown to induce DNA repair and thereby catalyse genome editing. Here we report that triplex-forming peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) substituted at the γ position plus stimulation of the stem cell factor (SCF)/c-Kit pathway yielded high levels of gene editing in haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in a mouse model of human β-thalassaemia. Injection of thalassemic mice with SCF plus nanoparticles containing γPNAs and donor DNAs ameliorated the disease phenotype, with sustained elevation of blood haemoglobin levels into the normal range, reduced reticulocytosis, reversal of splenomegaly and up to 7% β-globin gene correction in HSCs, with extremely low off-target effects...
October 26, 2016: Nature Communications
Ali Ebrahim, Elizabeth Brunk, Justin Tan, Edward J O'Brien, Donghyuk Kim, Richard Szubin, Joshua A Lerman, Anna Lechner, Anand Sastry, Aarash Bordbar, Adam M Feist, Bernhard O Palsson
Rapid growth in size and complexity of biological data sets has led to the 'Big Data to Knowledge' challenge. We develop advanced data integration methods for multi-level analysis of genomic, transcriptomic, ribosomal profiling, proteomic and fluxomic data. First, we show that pairwise integration of primary omics data reveals regularities that tie cellular processes together in Escherichia coli: the number of protein molecules made per mRNA transcript and the number of ribosomes required per translated protein molecule...
October 26, 2016: Nature Communications
Golam Sorwar, Mortuza Ali, Md Kamrul Islam, Mohammad Selim Miah
Modern healthcare systems are undergoing a paradigm shift from in-hospital care to in-home monitoring, leveraging the emerging technologies in the area of bio-sensing, wireless communication, mobile computing, and artificial intelligence. In-home monitoring promises to significantly reduce healthcare spending by preventing unnecessary hospital admissions and visits to healthcare professionals. Most of the in-home monitoring systems, proposed in the literature, focus on monitoring a set of specific vital signs...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Mohammad Naderan, Ali Jahanrad
PURPOSE: This study aimed at evaluating the effect of pregnancy on topographic, tomographic and biomechanical parameters of patients with keratoconus (KC) in comparison with non-pregnant patients with KC. METHOD: In a cohort study, patients with KC, whose disease was stable for at least 2 years, were evaluated before pregnancy, at their third trimester of pregnancy (34th week of pregnancy) and 6 months after pregnancy. As the control group, an equivalent number of age- and severity-matched non-pregnant female patients with KC were evaluated at the corresponding times...
October 26, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Alexander Fawcett, Dominik Nitsch, Muhammad Ali, Joseph M Bateman, Eddie L Myers, Varinder K Aggarwal
1,2-Bis(boronic esters), derived from the enantioselective diboration of terminal alkenes, can be selectively homologated at the primary boronic ester by using enantioenriched primary/secondary lithiated carbamates or benzoates to give 1,3-bis(boronic esters), which can be subsequently oxidized to the corresponding secondary-secondary and secondary-tertiary 1,3-diols with full stereocontrol. The transformation was applied to a concise total synthesis of the 14-membered macrolactone, Sch 725674. The nine-step synthetic route also features a novel desymmetrizing enantioselective diboration of a divinyl carbinol derivative and high-yielding late-stage cross-metathesis and Yamaguchi macrolactonization reactions...
October 26, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Sara Moradipoor, Patimah Ismail, Ali Etemad, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Salma Ahmadloo
Endothelial dysfunction appears to be an early sign indicating vascular damage and predicts the progression of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disorders. Extensive clinical and experimental evidence suggests that endothelial dysfunction occurs in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and prediabetes patients. This study was carried out with an aim to appraise the expression levels in the peripheral blood of 84 genes related to endothelial cells biology in patients with diagnosed T2DM or prediabetes, trying to identify new genes whose expression might be changed under these pathological conditions...
2016: BioMed Research International
Wahhida Latip, Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abd Rahman, Adam Thean Chor Leow, Fairolniza Mohd Shariff, Mohd Shukuri Mohamad Ali
A gene encoding a thermotolerant lipase with broad pH was isolated from an Antarctic Pseudomonas strain AMS3. The recombinant lipase AMS3 was purified by single-step purification using affinity chromatography, yielding a purification fold of approximately 1.52 and a recovery of 50%. The molecular weight was approximately ∼60 kDa including the strep and affinity tags. Interestingly, the purified Antarctic AMS3 lipase exhibited broad temperature profile from 10-70 °C and stable over a broad pH range from 5...
2016: PeerJ
Alireza Azizzadeh Delshad, Mohammadreza Jalali Nadoushan, Ali Davati, Aida Rostami
BACKGROUND: Nasal inflammatory disorders such as chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyp are among the most prevalent complications with high socioeconomic costs. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) plays a key role in angiogenesis and cell proliferation. In the present study the effect of VEGF on the development and prognosis of chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyp was investigated. METHODS: This cross sectional study was performed on the nasal histological specimens of two groups of patients suffering from nasal polyp or chronic rhinosinusitis, and the expression of VEGF in the two groups was compared immunohistochemically...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pathology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"