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laparoscopic cholecystectomy and complications

Samina Ismail, Aliya Ahmed, Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Muhammad Sohaib, Zia-Ur-Rehman
All laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) patients in our hospital setting are admitted overnight. This article assesses the contribution of factors like postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), postoperative pain and surgical complications to overnight stay after elective LC. This 1-year observational study included patients having normal liver functions undergoing elective LC before 1400 h. The collected data included patient demographics, co-morbidities, PONV, pain scores, complications, surgical time, anesthesia technique, use of prophylactic antiemetics, analgesics, patient satisfaction and desire to have this surgery as day case or in-patient procedure...
October 20, 2016: Updates in Surgery
A J Sutton, R S Vohra, M Hollyman, P J Marriott, A Buja, D Alderson, S Pasquali, E A Griffiths
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of cholecystectomy for patients admitted with acute gallbladder pathology is unclear. Some studies have shown that emergency cholecystectomy during the index admission can reduce length of hospital stay with similar rates of conversion to open surgery, complications and mortality compared with a 'delayed' operation following discharge. Others have reported that cholecystectomy during the index acute admission results in higher morbidity, extended length of stay and increased costs...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Márcio Alexandre Terra Passos, Pedro Eder Portari-Filho
Background: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy has very low risk for infectious complications, ranging the infection rate from 0.4% to 1.1%. Many surgeons still use routine antibiotic prophylaxis. Aim: Evaluate the real impact of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies in low risk patients. Method: Prospective, randomized and double-blind study. Were evaluated 100 patients that underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy divided in two groups: group A (n=50), patients that received prophylaxis using intravenous Cephazolin (2 g) during anesthetic induction and group B (n=50), patients that didn't receive any antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Homero Rivas, Ignacio Robles, Francisco Riquelme, Marcelo Vivanco, Julio Jiménez, Boris Marinkovic, Mario Uribe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new magnetic surgical system during reduced-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a prospective, multicenter clinical trial. BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic instrumentation coupled by magnetic fields may enhance surgeon performance by allowing for shaft-less retraction and mobilization. The movements can be performed under direct visualization, generating different angles of traction and reducing the number of trocars to perform the procedure. This may reduce well-known associated complications of trocars, including incisional pain, scarring, infection, bowel, and vascular injuries, among others...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Chad M Hall, Daniel C Jupiter, Justin L Regner
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is routinely performed as an outpatient operation. NSQIP tracks acute or symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) within 30 days of the index operation. This study aims to quantify adverse events after LC and determine if patients with CHF may benefit from pre-operative optimization or post-operative admission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective NSQIP database review of all adults undergoing LC between 2008 and 2012...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Didier Roulin, Alend Saadi, Luca Di Mare, Nicolas Demartines, Nermin Halkic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in acute cholecystitis with more than 72 hours of symptoms. BACKGROUND: LC is the treatment of acute cholecystitis, with consensus recommendation that patients should be operated within 72 hours of evolution. Data however remain weak with no prospective study focusing on patients beyond 72 hours of symptoms. METHODS: Patients with acute cholecystitis and more than 72 hours of symptoms were randomly assigned to early LC (ELC) or delayed LC (DLC)...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
Abdelrahman A Nimeri, Ahmed Maasher, Talat Al Shaban, Elnazeer Salim, Maha Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to other operations is commonly done for significant weight recidivism and complications. METHODS: This is a consecutive series of LAGB converted to RYGB done at the Bariatric and Metabolic Institute (BMI) Abu Dhabi from 2009 to 2013 for weight recidivism. Our preferred approach is to convert LAGB to LRYGB in one stage. All patients undergo upper endoscopy (EGD) and upper gastrointestinal series and are started on clears liquids 2 h after surgery without performing UGI studies...
October 12, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Kristy Kummerow Broman, Li-Ching Huang, Adil Faqih, Sharon E Phillips, Rebeccah B Baucom, Richard A Pierce, Michael D Holzman, Kenneth W Sharp, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Ventral hernia repair with mesh is increasingly common, but the incidence of long term complications that necessitate mesh explantation is unknown. We aimed to determine the epidemiology of mesh explantation after ventral hernia repair and to compare this with common bile duct injury, a dreaded complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing ventral hernia repair by linking the all-payers State Inpatient Databases and State Ambulatory Surgery Databases for NY, CA, and FL...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Vittorio Bresadola, Riccardo Pravisani, Marina Pighin, Luca Seriau, Vittorio Cherchi, Sergio Giuseppe, Andrea Risaliti
BACKGROUND: Training programs for resident surgeons represent a challenge for the mentoring activity. The aim of the present study is to investigate the impact of our training program for laparoscopic cholecystectomy on patient's safety and on the modulation of the residents' exposure to clinical scenario with different grades of complexity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study based on a clinical series of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in a teaching hospital...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Alex B Blair, Nathaniel McQuay
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis and cholelithiasis is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. Inadvertent perforation and spillage of gallbladder contents are not uncommon. The potential impact of subsequent retained gallstones is understated. We present the case of an intraperitoneal gallstone retained from a previous cholecystectomy eroding into the bowel and leading to intraluminal mechanical bowel obstruction requiring operative intervention. This case illustrates the potential risks of retained gallstones and reinforces the need to diligently collect any dropped stones at the time of initial operation...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Dietmar H Borchert, Matthias Federlein, Oskar Rückbeil, Jakob Schöpe
BACKGROUND: We previously reported outcome after transvaginal cholecystectomy (TVC) from two cohort studies and a randomized controlled trial. We now present a pooled analysis of postoperative pain scores. DESIGN: Single-center data of postoperative pain after TVC from a level II hospital between October 2007 and June 2012. METHODS: Female patients, above 18 years with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, received either TVC or conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC)...
September 27, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Xiao-Kun Lin, Da-Zhou Wu, Jing-Li Cai, Cong-De Chen, Ke-Lai Wang
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic surgery is the current accepted approach in most pediatric surgical centers. In an attempt to further minimize the surgical trauma and improve cosmetic outcome, new techniques with a single incision through the umbilicus have been proposed and we believe they will become the standard choices for pediatric surgery. This report describes our initial experience with transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic surgery (TSILS) in children with conventional instruments...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Jie-Gao Zhu, Wei Guo, Wei Han, Zhong-Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis represents a greater proportion of gallstone in the elderly. Elderly patients have more comorbidity, which could increase the operative risk and postoperative complications. However, no study has focused on the effect and safety of laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LTCBDE can be performed effectively and safely in elderly patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent LTCBDE for choledocholithiasis performed from January 2010 to December 2012...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Daniel C Steinemann, Andreas Zerz, Michel Adamina, Walter Brunner, Andreas Keerl, Antonio Nocito, Andreas Scheiwiller, Rene Spalinger, Stephan A Vorburger, Sebastian H Lamm
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) and natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) aim at reducing surgical access trauma. To monitor the introduction of emerging technologies, the Swiss Association for Laparo- and Thoracoscopic Surgeons launched a database in 2010. The current status of SIL and NOTES in Switzerland is reported, and the techniques are compared. METHODS: The number and type of procedures, surgeon experience, their impressions of performance, conversion, and complications between 2010 and 2015 are described...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Rodolfo J Oviedo, Jarrod C Robertson, Sharifah Alrajhi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general surgeon's robotic learning curve may improve if the experience is classified into categories based on the complexity of the procedures in a small community hospital. The intraoperative time should decrease and the incidence of complications should be comparable to conventional laparoscopy. The learning curve of a single robotic general surgeon in a small community hospital using the da Vinci S platform was analyzed. METHODS: Measured parameters were operative time, console time, conversion rates, complications, surgical site infections (SSIs), surgical site occurrences (SSOs), length of stay, and patient demographics...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Joanna L Gould, Ashwini S Poola, Shawn D St Peter, Pablo Aguayo
PURPOSE: After investigating barriers for same day discharge (SDD) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), we employed a protocol which we have followed with a prospective, observational study. METHODS: A single institution, prospective observational study was performed from July 2014 to 2015 (2nd period). These data were compared to our initial experience with an SDD protocol from January 2013 to July 2014 (1st period). RESULTS: A total of 191 LCs were analyzed, 116 in the 1st period and 75 in the second period...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Khosro Farhadi, Mansour Choubsaz, Khosro Setayeshi, Mohammad Kameli, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Zahra Heidari Zadie, Alireza Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after general anesthesia, and the prevalence ranges between 25% and 30%. The aim of this study was to determine the preventive effects of dry cupping on PONV by stimulating point P6 in the wrist. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted at the Imam Reza Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran. The final study sample included 206 patients (107 experimental and 99 controls). Inclusion criteria included the following: female sex; age>18 years; ASA Class I-II; type of surgery: laparoscopic cholecystectomy; type of anesthesia: general anesthesia...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mariyah Anwer, Shahneela Manzoor, Nadeem Muneer, Shamim Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To assess World Health Organization (WHO) Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC), compliance and its effectiveness in reducing complications and final outcome of patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study done in Department of General Surgery (Ward 02), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi. The study included Total 3638 patients who underwent surgical procedure in elective theatre in four years from November 2011 to October 2015 since the SSC was included as part of history sheets in ward...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Muhamed Hamid Majid, Babak Meshkat, Haseeb Kohar, Sherif El Masry
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of laparoscopic surgery for gallbladder disease different types of retrieval devices have been used to extract the gallbladder from the peritoneal cavity. These devises infer additional costs and may lead to associated risks and complications. We aimed to evaluate the safety of gallbladder retrieval without the use of a retrieval device. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted across two teaching hospitals in the Republic of Ireland from July 2010-2013...
2016: BMC Surgery
Tomasz Gaszynski
INTRODUCTION: We report on the anesthetic management using opioid-free method of a patient with Steinert syndrome (myotonic dystrophy, MD), autosomal dominant dystrophy which is characterized by consistent contracture of muscle following stimulation. A myotonic crisis can be induced by numerous factors including hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In patients with MD, hypersensitivity to anesthetic drugs, especially muscle relaxants and opioids, may complicate postoperative management...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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