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laparoscopic cholecystectomy and complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774157/risk-assessment-of-choledocholithiasis-prior-to-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-and-its-management-options
#1
Ausra Aleknaite, Gintaras Simutis, Juozas Stanaitis, Jonas Valantinas, Kestutis Strupas
Background: Accurate risk evaluation of choledocholithiasis prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy is essential to determine optimal management strategy. Objective: Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of separate predictors and Vilnius University Hospital Index (VUHI = A/30 + 0.4 × B; A = total bilirubin concentration (µmol/l), B = common bile duct (CBD) diameter (mm) measured by ultrasound) diagnosing choledocholithiasis and to assess different management strategies (cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP))...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773783/cholesteryl-ester-storage-disease-fatal-outcome-without-causal-therapy-in-a-female-patient-with-the-preventable-sequelae-of-progressive-liver-disease-after-many-years-of-mild-symptoms
#2
Ali Canbay, Meike N Müller, Stathis Philippou, Guido Gerken, Andreas Tromm
BACKGROUND Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD), also known as lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D), is a rare autosomal-recessive inheritable lysosomal storage disease. Since 2015, a causal treatment with sebelipase alfa, which replaces the missing LAL enzyme, has been approved. We report a fatal course of LAL-D in a female patient. CASE REPORT In 1979, CESD was first diagnosed in a 13-year-old female with marked hepatomegaly. At that time, no specific treatment for CESD was available and the spontaneous course of the disease had to be awaited...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770882/does-obesity-influence-the-results-in-transvaginal-hybrid-notes-cholecystectomy
#3
Dirk R Bulian, Jurgen Knuth, Panagiotis Thomaidis, Anna Rieger, Claudia Simone Seefeldt, Jonas Lange, Jurgen Meyer, Michael A Stroehlein, Markus M Heiss
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients are usually excluded from studies that compare Transvaginal Hybrid-NOTES Cholecystectomy (TVC) with traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Therefore, these study results cannot necessarily be transferred to this group of patients. In this study, we have analyzed and compared the outcomes of the procedure with obese and non-obese patients. METHODS: Data from a prospectively maintained database were retrospectively analyzed. All the TVCs performed in our clinic since 2008 were divided into groups according to their body mass index (BMI)...
May 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766134/protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-the-effect-of-timing-of-cholecystectomy-during-initial-admission-for-predicted-mild-gallstone-pancreatitis-at-a-safety-net-hospital
#4
Krislynn M Mueck, Shuyan Wei, Mike K Liang, Tien C Ko, Jon E Tyson, Lillian S Kao
Background: There is evidence-based consensus for laparoscopic cholecystectomy during index admission for predicted mild gallstone pancreatitis, defined by the absence of organ failure and of local or systemic complications. However, the optimal timing for surgery within that admission is controversial. Early cholecystectomy may shorten hospital length of stay (LOS) and increase patient satisfaction. Alternatively, it may increase operative difficulty and complications resulting in readmissions...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760967/blood-vessel-detection-localization-and-estimation-using-a-smart-laparoscopic-grasper-a-monte-carlo-study
#5
Amal Chaturvedi, Shetha A Shukair, Paul Le Rolland, Mayank Vijayvergia, Jonathan W Gunn, Hariharan Subramanian
For centuries, surgeons have relied on their sense of touch to identify vital structures such as blood vessels in traditional open surgery. Over the past two decades, surgeons have shifted to minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approaches, including laparoscopic surgery, which include benefits such as less scarring, less risk for infection, and quicker recovery times. In fact, some surgeries such as cholecystectomies have seen more than an 80% adoption of this technique because of those benefits. However, due to the fundamental challenges associated with using laparoscopic surgery, there has been a lower adoption in more complex specialties, such as colorectal and thoracic surgery, where the field of surgery has bleeding, fat, scar tissue, and adhesions...
May 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758389/gallbladder-perforation-into-the-greater-omentum-following-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-case-report-study
#6
Suhaib J S Ahmad, Sherif M Hakky, Douglas McWhinnie, Claire J Stocker, Peter Thomas, Sami Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is considered a major risk factor for gallstone formation and is important due to its increasing prevalence worldwide. Many studies have reported an increased incidence of gallstone formation following bariatric surgery. This report documents a rare case of a complicated cholecystitis following sleeve gastrectomy and describes our management of the case and the management options for gallbladder disease in bariatric patients. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old male was diagnosed with asymptomatic cholelithiasis at the time of sleeve gastrectomy for obesity treatment...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756102/management-of-iatrogenic-injuries-due-to-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-surgical-or-conservative-approaches
#7
Özgür Bostancı, Muharrem Battal, Pınar Yazıcı, Uygar Demir, Canan Alkım
Objective: The best therapeutic approach for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related perforations remains controversial; while some authors suggest routine conservative management, others advocate mandatory surgical exploration. We aimed to evaluate our clinical experience of perforations during endoscopic sphincterotomy. Material and Methods: A retrospective chart review from January 2010 to October 2015 identified 20 patients with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related perforations...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755786/laparoscopic-assisted-transgastric-ercp-a-single-institution-experience
#8
Katherine Habenicht Yancey, Lauren Katherine McCormack, Stephen Samuel McNatt, Myron Sheavictor Powell, Adolfo Zachariah Fernandez, Carl Joseph Westcott
Background: Laparoscopic-assisted transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LAERCP) is used for treatment in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), where transoral access to the biliary tree is not possible. We describe our technique and experience with this procedure. Methods: Electronic medical record search was performed from September 2012 to January 2016, identifying patients who underwent LAERCP per operative records. Charts were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and outcomes data...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752150/timing-of-cholecystectomy-in-acute-cholecystitis
#9
Arasi Thangavelu, Steven Rosenbaum, Devi Thangavelu
BACKGROUND: Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that most commonly occurs as a result of obstruction of the cystic duct by gallstones. The current standard of treatment for acute cholecystitis is cholecystectomy. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to discuss the benefits of and compare early laparoscopic cholecystectomy and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Medline literature search was performed dating from January 1982 to July 2015...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742709/spontaneous-acalculous-gallbladder-perforation-in-a-man-secondary-to-chemotherapy-and-radiation-a-rare-case-report
#10
Jungang Zhang, Guoliang Shen, Ying Shi, Chengwu Zhang, Defei Hong, Li Jin, Hongguo Yang, Wei Sun, Hanhui Cai, Zhiming Hu, Weiding Wu
RATIONALE: Gallbladder perforation is a serious clinical condition and associated with high morbidity and mortality. A definitive diagnosis is contentious before surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: We herein report a case of perforation of the gallbladder neck secondary to chemotherapy and radiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient. DIAGNOSES: Gallbladder perforation secondary to chemotherapy and radiation. INTERVENTIONS: To decrease the mortality associated with gallbladder perforation, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and peritoneal lavage were performed followed for gallbladder perforation patient because of chemotherapy and radiation...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737313/laparoscopic-management-of-a-case-of-accessory-gall-bladder-with-review-of-literature
#11
Guru Prasad Painuly, Ankur Gupta, Mini Singhal, Bhavna Bansal
Gall bladder duplication is a rare congenital anomaly. True duplication is still rarer. Pre-operative detection helps in avoiding complications or missing the gall bladder during surgery. Ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance cholangiography are investigation of choice. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred modality for management of double gall bladder. We present a case diagnosed as cholelithiasis on USG. While doing laparoscopic surgery 2 gall bladders were found. She had a normal gall bladder that was lying in the supraduodenal area...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730174/a-systematic-review-of-the-aetiology-and-management-of-post-cholecystectomy-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Isherwood, Kathryn Oakland, Achal Khanna
BACKGROUND: 10% of patients who undergo a cholecystectomy go on to develop post-cholecystectomy syndrome (PCS). The majority of these patients may suffer from extra-biliary or unrelated organic disorders that may have been present before cholecystectomy. The numerous aetiological causes of PCS result in a wide spectrum of management options, each with varying success in abating symptoms. This systematic review aims to provide a summary of the causative aetiologies of post cholecystectomy syndrome, their incidences and efficacy of available management options...
May 2, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727330/perfect-registration-leads-to-imperfect-performance-a-randomized-trial-of-multimodal-intraoperative-image-guidance
#13
James W R Dilley, Archie Hughes-Hallett, Philip J Pratt, Philip H Pucher, Mafalda Camara, Ara W Darzi, Erik K Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To compare surgical safety and efficiency of 2 image guidance modalities, perfect augmented reality (AR) and side-by-side unregistered image guidance (IG), against a no guidance control (NG), when performing a simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). BACKGROUND: Image guidance using AR offers the potential to improve understanding of subsurface anatomy, with positive ramifications for surgical safety and efficiency. No intra-abdominal study has demonstrated any advantage for the technology...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724681/incidence-of-cholecystectomy-after-bariatric-surgery
#14
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Lizhou Nie, Salvatore Docimo, Mark Talamini, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery predisposes patients to development of cholelithiasis, and therefore the need of a subsequent cholecystectomy; however, the incidence of cholecystectomy after bariatric surgery is debated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is to assess the incidence of cholecystectomy after 3 of the most common bariatric procedures. SETTING: University Hospital, involving a large database in New York State. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System administrative longitudinal database was used to identify all patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) between 2004 and 2010...
March 30, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697682/-choice-of-surgical-tactics-in-patients-with-acute-cholecystitis-complicated-by-cholelithiasis
#15
M L Rogal, S V Novikov, M M Magomedbekov, N E Kudryashova, A V Mironov
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Comparison of the methods of surgical treatment of cholelithiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The work is based on the experience of treating 139 patients with acute cholecystitis complicated by choledocholithiasis from 2008 to 2016, who were on treatment of the department of acute surgical diseases of the liver and pancreas, N.V. Sklifosovsky. RESULTS: The use of percutaneous drainage of the gallbladder in an acute period can reduce complications and reduce the number of urgent video-laparoscopic cholecystectomies to 1%...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694307/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-are-intended-operative-approach-timing-and-outcome-affected-by-bmi-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#16
A Lauro, S Vaccari, M Cervellera, Giuseppina Casella, V D'Andrea, F M Di Matteo, A Panarese, A Santoro, R Cirocchi, V Tonini
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy is the gold-standard for cholecystectomy after acute cholecystitis, but the issue is controversial in obese subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 464 patients operated for acute cholecystitis (59 open and 405 laparoscopic) over the last five years at St Orsola University Hospital-Bologna and Umberto I University Hospital-Rome, comparing retrospectively: 1) BMI < 30 (397 patients) and BMI =/> 30 (67 patients) and moreover 2) BMI < 25 (207 patients) and BMI =/> 25 (257 patients)...
March 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690970/role-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-tube-placement-in-the-management-of-acute-calculus-cholecystitis-in-high-risk-patients
#17
K M Inam Pal, Arif Ali, Hassaan Bari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of percutaneous cholecystostomy tube in patients with acute calculus cholecystitis, who are considered unfit for immediate surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January 2010 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: All adult patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy tube placement for acute calculous cholecystitis were included...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687556/total-5-mm-port-approach-a-feasible-technique-for-both-elective-and-emergency-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#18
Kyle Bender, Joel Lewin, Harriet O'Rourke, Freya C Hugh, Nicholas O'Rourke, Thomas J Hugh
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic approach is considered the standard of care for cholecystectomy. Attempts to minimize incisions with single site and natural orifice approaches have shown promise but also have limitations. Technological advances have facilitated decreased port size, which may have a variety of benefits. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of an all 5-mm port approach for patients undergoing both elective and emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A consecutive series of laparoscopic cholecystectomies at three different hospitals using all 5-mm ports was prospectively evaluated...
April 24, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676053/increasing-success-in-outpatient-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-by-an-optimal-clinical-pathway
#19
Tristan Greilsamer, François Orion, Fabrice Denimal, Benoît De Kerviler, Marc-Henri Jean, Jérôme Dimet, Michel Comy, Emeric Abet
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of more convincing and reassuring remarks from the surgeon in the preoperative consult associated with a dedicated outpatient facility to increase our rate of success in outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A one-centre prospective clinical study was conducted between February 2013 and May 2015. During the first time period (February 2013-March 2014), patients were hospitalized in conventional care unit and given the possibility to choose an outpatient procedure...
April 19, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668667/effects-and-results-of-omentopexy-during-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#20
Ergin Arslan, Oktay Banli, Mesut Sipahi, Gokhan Yagci
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that gastric volvulus can be prevented by omentopexy and sleeve gastrectomy without increasing other complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1385 patients who underwent omentopexy and sleeve gastrectomy between April 2013 and September 2017 were included this study. Body mass index, age, sex, comorbidities, and postoperative complications of the patients were recorded as data. RESULTS: A total of 1385 patients underwent sleeve gastrectomy and omentopexy...
April 17, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
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