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Compounding in dermatological therapy

Stephanie A Castillo, Anh Khoa Pham, James G Dinulos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dermatologic findings may be the first signs of a neonatal viral infection. This review provides an update of the diagnostic features and therapies for selected viral illnesses [herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus, enterovirus, and Zika virus] that present with cutaneous manifestations in the neonate. RECENT FINDINGS: HSV DNA polymerase chain reaction of plasma and cerebrospinal fluid, routinely used in the diagnosis of neonatal HSV, may have expanded utility in assessing prognosis and acyclovir therapeutic efficacy...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Dorota Jenerowicz, Joanna Szulczyńska-Gabor, Ewa Teresiak-Mikołajczak, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska
Dear Editor, Erythema multiforme is considered an acute skin condition, characterized by a self-limiting and sometimes recurrent course. It is regarded as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction associated with certain infections, medications, and other various triggers. Allergic contact dermatitis is in turn a delayed type of induced allergy as a result of cutaneous contact with a specific allergen to which the patient develops specific sensitivity. This type of cutaneous reaction is associated with inflammation manifesting with erythema, edema, and vesicles...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Murat Durdu, Macit Ilkit, Yalda Tamadon, Ali Tolooe, Haleh Rafati, Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi
Dermatophytosis is generally defined as an infection of the hair, nails, or glabrous skin. These infections are caused by the keratinophilic fungi Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp., and Epidermophyton, which have been recovered from both symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. Although dermatophytosis is generally not a life-threatening condition, these types of infections are among the most common infections worldwide, and their incidence has continued to increase consistently in recent years. Area covered: This article provides an overview of the general characteristics of dermatophytes, including their taxonomy and epidemiology, as well as the different clinical forms and laboratory diagnostics of dermatophytosis...
February 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Beata Bergler-Czop, Monika Bilewicz-Stebel, Anna Stańkowska, Teresa Bilewicz-Wyrozumska
Retinoids are compounds chemically related to vitamin A, which are frequently used in dermatological practice (1). They are characterized by numerous mechanisms of action leading to normalization of keratinocyte proliferation and maturation. They have anti-seborrhoeic, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects (1, 2). A number of side effects to retinoid treatment have been recorded; one group of such side effects relates to eyes and vision. Dry eye syndrome and blepharoconjunctivitis are the most common side effects, appearing in 20-50 % of patients treated with retinoids...
December 1, 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica
Manuel Pedro Pereira, Sonja Ständer
Pruritus is a symptom arising from a plethora of dermatological, neurological, and systemic conditions. The pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the transmission of acute and chronic pruritus are of high complexity and not yet fully understood. Recent research has enhanced the understanding of these mechanisms, enabling the development of novel drugs. Specifically, new therapies for inflammatory dermatoses, uremic pruritus, cholestatic pruritus, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, and prurigo nodularis are being tested in ongoing randomized clinical trials...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Feng Zhang, Jin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of our therapeutic options on toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) patients. METHODS: After giving informed consent, patients affected by TEN were included in the study between January 2001 and December 2013. Suspected causative drugs, onset to hospitalization, complications, management, outcome, laboratory investigations of blood tests and therapeutic options were recorded and analyzed. SCORTEN scoring system was used to evaluate the complications and the survival rate...
March 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Felix Lauffer, Johannes Ring
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a life-time prevalence of 10 - 20% in western countries. Patients suffer from stigmatizing eczematous skin lesions, persisting itch and sleep disorders. Starting usually in early childhood the course of AD is heterogeneous. While most frequently AD disappears before adolescence, about 30% of patients show a chronic persisting course. There is an urgent need for new therapeutic options as until now, specific drugs are missing...
2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Allister Benjamin Chase, Kristen Markel, Marianne C Tawa
BACKGROUND: Mycosis fungoides is the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (MF-CTCL). Quality nursing care is necessary for effective diagnosis and treatment of patients with MF-CTCL. Early-stage MF-CTCL (stages Ia and Ib) is most often managed in both dermatology and multidisciplinary settings. These stages can be effectively controlled by skin-directed therapies such as mechlorethamine gel (Valchlor®). Topical mechlorethamine has been used since the 1940s as an alkylating agent; however, compounded formulas have disadvantages that limit patient compliance...
December 2015: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Tarun Garg, Nitin K Jain, Goutam Rath, Amit Kumar Goyal
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a photoactive process that uses the combination of photosensitizers (PSs) and specific wavelengths of light for the treatment of solid tumors and other diseases. PDT received increased attention after regulatory approval of several photosensitizing drugs and light applicators worldwide. With the advent of newer PSs, the role of PDT in the treatment of cancer and other diseases has been revolutionized. In addition, various targeting strategies developed for site-specific delivery of PSs will be helpful for avoiding phototoxicity to normal tissues...
2015: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Sivaprakash Shanmugam, Jiangtao Xu, Cyrille Boyer
The use of metalloporphyrins has been gaining popularity particularly in the area of medicine concerning sensitizers for the treatment of cancer and dermatological diseases through photodynamic therapy (PDT), and advanced materials for engineering molecular antenna for harvesting solar energy. In line with the myriad functions of metalloporphyrins, we investigated their capability for photoinduced living polymerization under visible light irradiation over a broad range of wavelengths. We discovered that zinc porphyrins (i...
July 22, 2015: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Anna Baldisserotto, Silvia Vertuani, Alessia Bino, Daniela De Lucia, Ilaria Lampronti, Roberta Milani, Roberto Gambari, Stefano Manfredini
Recent interest in flavonoids has increased greatly due to their biological and pharmacological activities. Flavonoids, consist of a large group of low molecular weight polyphenolic substances, naturally occurring in fruits, vegetables, tea, and wine, and are an integral part of the human diet. Rutin is a common dietary flavonoid that is widely consumed worldwide from plant-derived beverages and foods as traditional and folk medicine remedy as well. Rutin exhibit important pharmacological activities, including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetic, anti-adipogenic, neuroprotective and hormone therapy...
January 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Daniel Banov, Fabiana Banov, August S Bassani
INTRODUCTION: Wounding affects the integrity of the skin and can ultimately result in skin scarring. Current therapeutic goals of wound treatment focus on the reduction of scar formation and severity. However, scar formation itself varies not only between individuals based on factors such as ethnicity, but also within an individual based on the location of the wound. Therefore, the preparation of customized treatments for individual patients represents an important therapeutic goal in the fields of dermatology and wound healing...
December 2014: Dermatology and Therapy
Rachael M Anforth, Giuliana R M Carlos, Richard A Scolyer, Shaun Chou, Pablo Fernandez-Peñas
LGX818 is a new-generation BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi) that is currently undergoing phase 3 trials for the treatment of BRAF mutant metastatic melanoma patients (NCT01909453). Cutaneous toxicities associated with the administration of BRAF inhibitors are considered to be induced by the paradoxical activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in wild-type BRAF cells. Changes in naevi, including new naevi, hyperpigmentation and fading of existing naevi, have also been reported. In addition, some patients receiving these therapies have developed second primary melanomas...
February 2015: Melanoma Research
Shohreh Nafisi, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Howard I Maibach
Nanotechnology is a rapidly expanding area of research involved in developing science-based solutions for innovative therapeutics. Silica nanoparticles (SNPs) have received wide attention in several industries and medicine and are being developed for biomedical and biotechnological applications such as drug delivery, DNA transfection, and targeted molecular imaging of cancer. Recently, they are emerging in the fields of cosmetics and dermal preparations. SNP may offer a revolutionized treatment of several skin diseases by controlled and sustained release of drugs to skin, as well as enhanced skin penetration of encapsulated drug ingredients...
2015: Nanotoxicology
Maria Reig, Alessia Gazzola, Roberto Di Donato, Jordi Bruix
In the last years the management of patients with liver cancer has been improved. The BCLC staging/treatment strategy identifies the optimal candidates for each treatment option and sorafenib is the only effective systemic treatment. Others (sunitinib, brivanib, linifanib, everolimus, ramucirumab) have failed in terms of safety/survival benefit. Some patients at intermediate/early stage, may be considered for systemic therapy when options of higher priority may have failed or not be feasible. The 800 mg/day is the recommended starting dose...
October 2014: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Ze-Huai Wen, Mei-Ling Xuan, Yu-Hong Yan, Xiao-Yan Li, Dan-Ni Yao, Geng Li, Xin-Feng Guo, Ai-Hua Ou, Chuan-Jian Lu
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis causes worldwide concern because of its high-prevalence, as well as its harmful, and incurable characteristics. Topical therapy is a conventional treatment for psoriasis vulgaris. Chinese medicine (CM) has been commonly used in an integrative way for psoriasis patients for many years. Some CM therapies have shown therapeutic effects for psoriasis vulgaris (PV), including relieving symptoms and improving quality of life, and may reduce the relapse rate. However, explicit evidence has not yet been obtained...
2014: Trials
Susan H Corbett, Gary Cuddeback, Jasmine Lewis, Swasan As-Sanie, Denniz Zolnoun
OBJECTIVES: To identify trends in compounding pharmacies with a focus on women's health and, more specifically, the types and combinations of medications used in the treatment of vulvodynia. METHODS: This survey study was conducted with 653 nonchain pharmacies that compound medications. Each pharmacy was asked to complete a 19-item online survey assessing general practice and common compounding indications, focusing on women's health. RESULTS: Of the 653 pharmacies contacted, 200 (31%) responded to our survey...
July 2014: Southern Medical Journal
John Strasswimmer, Benjamin Latimer, Steven Ory
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel mechanism suggestive of early ovarian failure secondary to the anti-tumor hedgehog-pathway inhibitor vismodegib. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Academic and private dermatology and fertility practices. PATIENT(S): A 34-year-old nulliparous woman with locally advanced basal cell carcinomas who became amenorrheic while receiving oral therapy with vismodegib. INTERVENTION(S): Physical examination and endocrine evaluation...
August 2014: Fertility and Sterility
Xiaoqing Si, Lingzhi Ge, Hongyan Xin, Wang Cao, Xiaohui Sun, Wenfei Li
UNLABELLED: We report a case of erythrodermic psoriasis with bullous pemphigoid (BP) in a 68-year-old male. The patient had a history of psoriasis for 35 years and tense, blisterlike lesions for 4 months. He presented with diffuse flushing, infiltrative swelling, and tense blisterlike lesions on his head, trunk, and limbs. This patient was successfully treated by a combination of methotrexate and compound glycyrrhizin. We also discuss the clinical manifestations, histopathological features, and differentiation of erythrodermic psoriasis with BP and present a review of the pertinent literature...
2014: Diagnostic Pathology
Axel Grothey, Suzanne George, Eric van Cutsem, Jean-Yves Blay, Alberto Sobrero, George D Demetri
Regorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that inhibits several kinases relevant to tumor biology in several cancers, including colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). In phase III trials, regorafenib significantly improved overall survival versus placebo in patients with metastatic CRC progressing after all available standard therapies, and significantly prolonged progression-free survival in patients with advanced GIST in whom at least imatinib and sunitinib had failed. Thus, this agent holds promise as a new standard of care for CRC and GIST patients after disease progression following all other approved therapies...
June 2014: Oncologist
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