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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816298/-multiple-endoscopy-for-the-treatment-of-upper-urinary-tract-calculi-following-ileal-conduit-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
B Wang, J F Ye, L Zhao, H Bi, J Lu, L L Ma
Upper urinary tract calculi with infection is a quite difficult acute urologic emergency. And what is more, upper urinary tract obstruction after radical cystectomy following urinary diversion may be fatal in the vulnerable patients with this kind of situation. Postoperative anatomy and other factors affect the upper urinary tract calculi, and urinary tract infection greatly increased the risk. But it is particularly difficult to handle with patients with poor general condition and septic shock treatment, so how to optimize the selection program is worth further studying...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816278/-analysis-of-development-safety-and-efficacy-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-management-of-upper-urinary-tract-calculi-in-pediatric-patients
#2
L P Yu, T Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the development, safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PNL) for management of upper urinary tract calculi in pediatric patients. METHODS: In the study, 77 pediatric patients undergoing 87 PNLs through mini or standard tract for upper urinary tract calculi between January 2005 and December 2016 in Peking University People's hospital were reviewed, including 69 renal calculi, 6 upper ureteral calculi, 12 renal and upper ureteral calculi, 35 single calculi, 43 multiple calculi and 9 staghorn calculi...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811768/clinical-predictors-of-an-abnormal-ultrasound-in-patients-presenting-with-suspected-nephrolithiasis
#3
Salman Tahir Shafi, Roshina Anjum, Tahir Shafi
OBJECTIVE: To determine any clinical features associated with an abnormal ultrasound in patients with suspected nephrolithiasis in an out-patient setting. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional in nature. The study was conducted at an out-patient nephrology department of a tertiary care facility over a 3 month period. Patients included in the study were 18-80 years old, who presented with unilateral flank or costovertebral angle pain with or without other clinical features suggestive of renal or ureteric calculus based on clinician's judgement...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810891/the-variation-in-urinary-calcium-levels-in-adult-patients-with-fracture-and-surgical-intervention
#4
Junfei Wang, Xin Zheng, Liming Zhang, Yifan Zhang, Jin Xiong, Yixin Cheng, Hongfei Shi, Xusheng Qiu, Leqin Zhou, Xizhao Sun
BACKGROUND: Generally, a higher calcium diet is fed to fracture patients after surgery. However, recent studies have indicated that higher dietary calcium intakes increase the risk of urinary stones for fracture patients. Therefore, this study aimed to observe the variation in urinary calcium levels among fracture patients who underwent surgery, based on fracture type, fracture location, age and gender. METHODS: A total of 768 subjects were enrolled in this study from 2012 to 2015 and were divided into 2 groups: group A (fracture patients who underwent surgery) and group B (normal patients without fracture)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808392/antiurolithiatic-effect-of-sirupeelai-samoola-kudineer-a-polyherbal-siddha-decoction-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-renal-calculus-in-experimental-rats
#5
A Hannah Rachel Vasanthi, V Muthulakshmi, V Gayathri, R Manikandan, S Ananthi, Sarah Kuruvilla
BACKGROUND: Sirupeelai Samoola Kudineer (SK), a polyherbal decoction containing four medicinal plants has been used in Siddha system of medicine, practiced in Southern parts of India for the management of urolithiasis. OBJECTIVE: The present study is carried out to scientifically validate the traditional claim and to study the mechanism of action of the drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, anti-urolithiatic effect of SK was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats using ethylene glycol through drinking water and intraperitoneal injection of sodium oxalate...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808281/surveillance-bias-in-cancer-risk-after-unrelated-medical-conditions-example-urolithiasis
#6
Kari Hemminki, Otto Hemminki, Asta Försti, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist, Xinjun Li
We analysed cancer risks in patients with urinary tract stones but some features of the generated results alarmed us about possible surveillance bias, which we describe in this report. We used nationwide Swedish hospital records to identify patients with urinary tract stones (N = 211,718) and cancer registration data for cancer patients for years 1987 to 2012. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) for cancer were calculated after the last medical contact for urinary tract stones. All cancers were increased after kidney (SIR 1...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802985/clinical-analysis-of-48-h-emergency-department-visit-post-outpatient-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-urolithiasis
#7
Chin-Heng Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Tzu-Ping Lin, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from renal or ureteral stones can undergo significant discomfort, even when timely diagnosed and treated. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and safety of outpatient Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of patients with renal or ureteral stones. METHODS: In this study, our cohort consisted of 844 outpatients who underwent outpatient ESWL treated between February 2012 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802643/update-on-urinary-stones-in-children-current-and-future-concepts-in-surgical-treatment-and-shockwave-lithotripsy
#8
REVIEW
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas Tailly, Paolo Caione
CONTEXT: Miniaturized instrumentation used for endoscopic treatment of urinary stone disease in children has been readily adopted in clinical practice. However, there is a need to optimize and individualize the surgical approach according to the patient's age, body habitus, and stone characteristics. Promising novel equipment and techniques will continue to advance the surgical care of these children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding surgical and shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment of urinary stone disease in children and provide an overview on future treatment innovations...
August 9, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802568/the-application-of-suctioning-flexible-ureteroscopy-with-intelligent-pressure-control-in-treating-upper-urinary-tract-calculi-on-patients-with-a-solitary-kidney
#9
Jianrong Huang, Donghua Xie, Ruiping Xiong, Xiaolin Deng, Chengbing Huang, Difu Fan, Zuofeng Peng, Wen Qin, Min Zeng, Leming Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usage of intelligently pressure-controlled flexible ureteroscopy (URS) in managing upper urinary tract calculi in patients with a solitary kidney. METHODS: Forty patients with a solitary kidney and upper urinary tract calculus were included in this study. All the patients underwent suctioning URS with intelligent control of renal pelvic pressure by connecting pressure-measuring suctioning ureteral access sheath to an irrigation and suctioning platform...
August 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801217/evaluation-of-unplanned-hospital-readmissions-after-major-urologic-inpatient-surgery-in-the-era-of-accountable-care
#10
Benjamin V Stone, Matthew R Cohn, Nicholas M Donin, Michael Schulster, James S Wysock, Danil V Makarov, Marc A Bjurlin
OBJECTIVE: To provide a multi-institutional analysis of clinical factors predicting unplanned hospital readmission after major inpatient urologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) is a risk-adjusted data collection mechanism for analyzing clinical outcomes data including 30-day perioperative readmissions and complications. We identified 23,108 patients who underwent major inpatient urologic surgery from 2011 to 2012...
August 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794602/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-renal-pelvis-due-to-obstruction-of-pelviureteric-junction-by-renal-stone-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Fatih Yanaral, Arif Ozkan, Nusret Can Cilesiz, Baris Nuhoglu
Spontaneous rupture of the urinary collecting system with extravasation of the urine is a very rare condition. This situation is commonly associated with an obstructing urinary stone. Herein, we report a case of an 86-year-old patient who has admitted to the emergency service with left flank pain continuing for 7 days and pain has exacerbated in the past 24 h. The patient had nausea, vomiting, and tenderness on the left side of the abdomen and left flank region. The patient was diagnosed with an 8 mm left kidney stone a month ago, and hydration and oral analgesics were recommended to the patient...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792192/early-term-effect-of-ureterorenoscopy-urs-on-the-kidney-research-measuring-ngal-kim-1-fabp-and-cys-c-levels-in-urine
#12
Erdal Benli, Sema Nur Ayyildiz, Selma Cirrik, Tevfik Noyan, Ali Ayyildiz, Abdullah Cirakoglu
AIM: URS is a very commonly used procedure for treatment of ureter stones. Increased hydrostatic pressure in the collecting system linked to fluids used during the procedure may cause harmful effects on the kidney. The aim of this study is to determine whether the URS procedure has a negative effect on the kidney by investigating NGAL, KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels in urine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 30 patients undergoing ureterorenoscopy (URS) for ureter stones...
August 8, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792145/impact-of-pretreatment-hydronephrosis-on-the-success-rate-of-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-patients-with-ureteral-stone
#13
Ki Don Chang, Joo Yong Lee, Sung Yoon Park, Dong Hyuk Kang, Hyung Ho Lee, Kang Su Cho
PURPOSE: To evaluate predictors of the success rate for one session of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), focusing on the relationships between pretreatment hydronephrosis grade and one-session SWL success rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 1824 consecutive patients who underwent an initial session of SWL for treatment of urinary stones between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed. After exclusion, 700 patients with a single, 4-20 mm diameter radiopaque calculus were included in the study...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791237/update-on-voiding-dysfunction-managed-with-suprapubic-catheterization
#14
REVIEW
Sharon F English
As the population ages the prevalence of long-term urinary catheters, especially in the elderly, is going to increase. Urinary catheters are usually placed to manage urinary retention or incontinence that cannot be managed any other way. There is significant morbidity associated with an indwelling catheter. The commonest problems are catheter blockages, infection and bladder stones. These will occur with a similar incidence with either a suprapubic or a urethral catheter. Urethral complications such as strictures, scrotal infection and erosion are less common with suprapubic catheterization (SPC)...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782573/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-solitary-kidneys-17-years-of-experience
#15
Hakan Bahadır Haberal, Burak Çitamak, Ali Cansu Bozaci, Mustafa Sertaç Yazici, Fazıl Tuncay Aki, Cenk Yücel Bilen
OBJECTIVE: To compare demographics and results of patients underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with solitary and bilateral kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1998 and August 2014, 2268 patients underwent PCNL at Hacettepe University Hospital. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 91 patients with a solitary kidney and 2177 patients with bilateral kidneys treated by PCNL. We compared the success and complication rates between solitary and bilateral kidney patients...
August 3, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782352/cornus-mas-a-review-on-traditional-uses-and-pharmacological-properties
#16
Fatemeh Hosseinpour-Jaghdani, Tahoora Shomali, Sajedeh Gholipour-Shahraki, Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Medicinal plants that are used today have been known by people of ancient cultures around the world and have largely been considered due to their medicinal properties. Cornus mas L. (Cornelian cherry) is one of these medicinal plants with high level of antioxidant activity. Cornelian cherry is an attractive ornamental plant with delicious fruit having nutritional and therapeutic values. The main purpose of this paper is to present and summarize the pharmacological and therapeutic effects from researches done on Cornelian cherry in studies from 2000 to 2016...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781372/uromodulin-from-physiology-to-rare-and-complex-kidney-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Olivier Devuyst, Eric Olinger, Luca Rampoldi
Uromodulin (also known as Tamm-Horsfall protein) is exclusively produced in the kidney and is the most abundant protein in normal urine. The function of uromodulin remains elusive, but the available data suggest that this protein might regulate salt transport, protect against urinary tract infection and kidney stones, and have roles in kidney injury and innate immunity. Interest in uromodulin was boosted by genetic studies that reported involvement of the UMOD gene, which encodes uromodulin, in a spectrum of rare and common kidney diseases...
September 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776346/chronological-trends-in-clinical-and-urinary-metabolic-features-over-20-years-in-korean-urolithiasis-patients
#18
Ho Won Kang, Sung Pil Seo, Yun Sok Ha, Won Tae Kim, Yong June Kim, Seok Joong Yun, Wun Jae Kim, Sang Cheol Lee
Urolithiasis is common and is becoming more prevalent worldwide. This study assessed the chronological trends in clinical and urinary metabolic features over 20 years in Korean urolithiasis patients. We performed a retrospective analysis of 4,076 patients treated at our clinic from 1996 to 2015. Urinary metabolic data and stone analysis data were available for 1,421 and 723 patients (34.9% and 17.7%), respectively. Patients were categorized into 4 groups according to the date of initial diagnosis: group 1 (1996-2000, n = 897), group 2 (2001-2005, n = 1,018), group 3 (2006-2010, n = 1,043), and group 4 (2011-2015, n = 1,118)...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776078/sarna-mediated-activation-of-trpv5-reduces-renal-calcium-oxalate-deposition-in-rat-via-decreasing-urinary-calcium-excretion
#19
Tao Zeng, Xiaolu Duan, Wei Zhu, Yang Liu, Wenqi Wu, Guohua Zeng
Hypercalciuria is a main risk factor for kidney stone  formation. TRPV5 is the gatekeeper protein for mediating calcium transport and reabsorption in the kidney. In the present study, we tested the effect of TRPV5 activation with small activating RNA (saRNA), which could induce gene expression by targeting the promoter of the gene, on ethylene glycol (EG)-induced calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals formation in rat kidney. Five pairs of RNA activation sequences targeting the promoter of rat TRPV5 were designed and synthesized...
August 3, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775126/furosemide-fludrocortisone-test-and-clinical-parameters-to-diagnose-incomplete-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-in-kidney-stone-formers
#20
Nasser A Dhayat, Michael W Gradwell, Ganesh Pathare, Manuel Anderegg, Lisa Schneider, David Luethi, Cedric Mattmann, Orson W Moe, Bruno Vogt, Daniel G Fuster
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis is a well known cause of calcareous nephrolithiasis but the prevalence is unknown, mostly due to lack of accepted diagnostic tests and criteria. The ammonium chloride test is considered as gold standard for the diagnosis of incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis, but the furosemide/fludrocortisone test was recently proposed as an alternative. Because of the lack of rigorous comparative studies, the validity of the furosemide/fludrocortisone test in stone formers remains unknown...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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