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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926849/-a-nationwide-survey-of-undergraduate-training-in-orthopaedics-and-trauma-surgery
#1
Miriam Ruesseler, Susanne Froehlich, Sigrid Ruesseler, Julian Zabel, Jasmina Sterz, Udo Obertacke
Background Musculoskeletal conditions are the most frequent cause of long-term pain and disability. Scientifically funded, structured training would be highly desirable for all medical students and of great economic relevance for the health care system. The present article portrays the status quo of undergraduate training in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, with a comparison to the status quo of 2008. Material and Methods A 51-item questionnaire was sent to all heads of the departments of orthopaedics or trauma surgery at the 37 medical faculties in Germany...
September 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926820/guided-university-debate-effect-of-a-new-teaching-learning-strategy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#2
Marta Arrue, Saloa Unanue, David Merida
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown that the traditional lecture suffers from limitations in the development of many important competencies such as reasoning ability for nursing professionals. OBJECTIVES: In view of this issue, the authors present a promising alternative to the traditional lecture: the Guided University Debate (GUD). With regard to this aim a teaching-learning sequence of schizophrenia is described based on the GUD. Next, the improvement in the argumentative and declarative knowledge of the students who have participated in the said methodology is demonstrated...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925173/introduction-olga-m-jonasson-md-lecture
#3
Rosemary Kozar, Susan Pories
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923046/short-duration-podcasts-as-a-supplementary-learning-tool-perceptions-of-medical-students-and-impact-on-assessment-performance
#4
S S Prakash, N Muthuraman, R Anand
BACKGROUND: Use of podcasts has several advantages in medical education. Podcasts can be of different types based on their length: short (1-5 min), moderate (6-15 min) and long (>15 min) duration. Short-duration podcasts are unique since they can deliver high-yield information in a short time. The perceptions of medical students towards short-duration podcasts are not well understood and this study aimed to analyze the same. An exploratory analysis of students' podcast usage and performance in summative assessments was also undertaken...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922841/interactive-problem-solving-sessions-in-an-introductory-bioscience-course-engaged-students-and-gave-them-feedback-but-did-not-increase-their-exam-scores
#5
James P McEvoy
Active learning, including the promotion of student interactivity in lectures, has been found to improve student engagement and performance in university science classes. This letter describes the use of Pearson's Learning Catalytics to run regular, formatively assessed problem-solving sessions as part of the semiflipped redesign of an introductory level university bioscience course. Students found the problem-solving sessions more engaging than a traditional lecture, and felt that they were receiving better feedback on their progress in the course...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#6
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922352/60-years-ago-francis-crick-changed-the-logic-of-biology
#7
Matthew Cobb
In September 1957, Francis Crick gave a lecture in which he outlined key ideas about gene function, in particular what he called the central dogma. These ideas still frame how we understand life. This essay explores the concepts he developed in this influential lecture, including his prediction that we would study evolution by comparing sequences.
September 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922302/resident-knowledge-surgical-skill-and-confidence-in-transobturator-vaginal-tape-placement-the-value-of-a-cadaver-laboratory
#8
Woojin Chong, Keith Downing, Ava Leegant, Erika Banks, Dmitry Fridman, Sherry Downie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of additional cadaver laboratory use in training obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents on transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) insertion. METHODS: Thirty-four OBGYN residents were randomized into 2 groups (group 1, control; group 2, intervention; 17 in each group). Before and after the interventions, written knowledge and confidence levels were assessed. Both groups received didactic lectures using a bony pelvis and an instructional video on TOT insertion; group 2 participated in a half day cadaver laboratory...
September 15, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919228/stereoscopic-3d-neuroanatomy-lectures-enhance-neurosurgical-training-prospective-comparison-to-traditional-teaching
#9
Anna D Clark, Mathew R Guilfoyle, Nicholas G Candy, Karol P Budohoski, Riikka Hofmann, Damiano G Barone, T Santarius, R W Kirollos, Rikin A Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Stereoscopic three-dimensional (3D) imaging is increasingly used in the teaching of neuroanatomy and although this is mainly aimed at undergraduate medical students, it has enormous potential for enhancing the training of neurosurgeons. This study aims to assess whether 3D lecturing is an effective method of enhancing the knowledge and confidence of neurosurgeons, and how it compares to traditional two-dimensional (2D) lecturing and cadaveric training. METHODS: Three separate teaching sessions for neurosurgical trainees were organised: i) 2D course (2D lecture + cadaveric session), ii) 3D lecture alone, iii) 3D course (3D lecture + cadaveric session)...
September 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918962/the-1990s-and-the-association-for-academic-surgery
#10
David I Soybel
This lecture reviews the progress of the Association for Academic Surgery during the 1990s, a decade of sweeping innovations in technology, communication, and biomedical sciences; a well as a decade of transition in the demographics of surgical trainees; and a decade of new and previously unimagined possibilities for new directions in academic surgical careers.
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918957/introduction-to-the-2017-founders-lecture-of-the-association-for-academic-surgery
#11
Francis Charles Brunicardi, Mitra Jamshidian
This year's Founders' Lecture will focus on the founding and history of the Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), as presented by five past presidents. The lecture will give the readers a unique and condensed perspective on the remarkable history of the AAS. The AAS was founded in 1967 by Dr George Zuidema with the mission to offer young academic surgeons an inclusive forum for discussion about surgical research and the opportunity for professional growth.1 Since its establishment in 1966, with a membership of only 33 people,1the organization has grown into a diverse international organization with over 2800 members...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918571/the-effect-of-communication-skills-training-on-patient-pharmacist-communication-in-pharmacy-education-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Hye Kyung Jin, Jae Hee Choi, Ji Eun Kang, Sandy Jeong Rhie
Communication skills in pharmacy education and practice are increasingly regarded as a crucial component. However, thus far, estimating of the overall communication skills training (CST) effects in a variety of outcomes is lacking. The aim of this study was to synthesize the effects of CST in pharmacy education by performing a meta-analysis of CST studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Communication and Mass Media Complete (CMMC), key journals, and bibliographic databases...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916948/viewer-discretion-advised-is-youtube-a-friend-or-foe-in-surgical-education
#13
H Alejandro Rodriguez, Monica T Young, Hope T Jackson, Brant K Oelschlager, Andrew S Wright
BACKGROUND: In the current era, trainees frequently use unvetted online resources for their own education, including viewing surgical videos on YouTube. While operative videos are an important resource in surgical education, YouTube content is not selected or organized by quality but instead is ranked by popularity and other factors. This creates a potential for videos that feature poor technique or critical safety violations to become the most viewed for a given procedure. METHODS: A YouTube search for "Laparoscopic cholecystectomy" was performed...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916889/teaching-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-poem-to-surgeons-in-practice-an-into-the-fire-pre-post-test-curriculum
#14
Tomokazu Kishiki, Brittany Lapin, Chi Wang, Brandon Jonson, Lava Patel, Matthew Zapf, Matthew Gitelis, Maria A Cassera, Lee L Swanström, Michael B Ujiki
INTRODUCTION: With the increasing adoption of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) as a first-line therapy for achalasia as well as a growing list of other indications, it is apparent that there is a need for effective training methods for both endoscopists in training and those already in practice. We present a hands-on-focused with pre- and post-testing methodology to teach these skills. METHODS: Six POEM courses were taught by 11 experienced POEM endoscopists at two independent simulation laboratories...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913415/forensic-pathology-education-in-pathology-residency-a-survey-of-current-practices-a-novel-curriculum-and-recommendations-for-the-future
#15
Amanda Spencer, Wayne K Ross, Ronald E Domen
Forensic pathology is a fundamental part of anatomic pathology training during pathology residency. However, the lack of information on forensic teaching suggests the highly variable nature of forensic education. A survey of pathology residency program directors was performed to determine key aspects of their respective forensic rotations and curriculum. A total of 38.3% of programs from across the country responded, and the survey results show 5.6% don't require a forensic pathology rotation. In those that do, most forensic pathology rotations are 4 weeks long, are done at a medical examiner's office, and require set prerequisites...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912950/quality-improvement-regarding-handoff
#16
Scott Studeny, Lauren Burley, Kelsey Cowen, Melanie Akers, Kelly O'Neill, Susan L Flesher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have emphasized the importance of effectual communication during patient handoffs. The objectives of this study were to (1) implement a resident-driven quality improvement project to improve handoffs by including key elements that are necessary for a safe and effective handoff. We chose to use the IPASS (illness severity, patient summary, action items, situation awareness and contingency planning, synthesis by receiver) mnemonic as our standardized handoff model; (2) Consider balancing measures in an effort to be aware of any negative effects of our interventions on resident satisfaction with the system...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906542/illuminating-the-pathway-for-the-next-generation-of-cardiovascular-medicine-practitioners-and-researchers-highlights-of-the-joint-pascar-scc-clinical-symposium-on-hypertension-and-heart-failure-cameroon
#17
Martin H Abanda, Anastase Dzudie, Ba Hamadou, Yves Monkam, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Douala, Loryane Nganhyim, Bonaventure S Dzekem, Theophile N Nana, George Nel, Ana O Mocumbi, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Eugene Belley Priso
The Pan-African Society of Cardiology roadmap aims to achieve a 25% control of hypertension by the year 2025. Whether this is attainable or not depends largely on the capacity of healthcare providers and policy makers to address the rising prevalence of hypertension and its complications, including heart failure. Task sharing is fundamental in optimising hypertension control. The Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) engaged with the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) and the Cameroon Cardiac Society (SCC) in a joint hypertension and heart failure symposium at the Douala General Hospital in 2016...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906524/spiers-memorial-lecture-%C3%A2-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-from-single-particle-molecule-spectroscopy-to-%C3%A3-ngstrom-scale-spatial-resolution-and-femtosecond-time-resolution
#18
Anne-Isabelle Henry, Tyler W Ueltschi, Michael O McAnally, Richard P Van Duyne
Four decades on, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) continues to be a vibrant field of research that is growing (approximately) exponentially in scope and applicability while pushing at the ultimate limits of sensitivity, spatial resolution, and time resolution. This introductory paper discusses some aspects related to all four of the themes for this Faraday Discussion. First, the wavelength-scanned SERS excitation spectroscopy (WS-SERES) of single nanosphere oligomers (viz., dimers, trimers, etc.), the distance dependence of SERS, the magnitude of the chemical enhancement mechanism, and the progress toward developing surface-enhanced femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy (SE-FSRS) are discussed...
September 14, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904544/changing-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-vulnerable-women-a-qualitative-study
#19
Zahra Boroumandfar, Masoud Kianpour, Ali Zargham, Samereh Abdoli, Katayoun Tayeri, Mehrdad Salehi, Godratollah Momeni, Farzin Khorvash
BACKGROUND: The first step in health education is awareness of the people and their acceptance to change their behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of empowerment program towards the concept of self-care and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women at risk of STDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a qualitative approach (step of action and observation of an action) by using conventional content analysis method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904215/everyday-exotropia-learning-from-the-littlest
#20
Judy L Petrunak
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early onset exodeviations in systemically and ocularly healthy young children, diagnosed at less than 1 year of age, may be of the constant, "infantile XT" type, or early X(T) type. The onset of common childhood X(T) is not clearly known. The purpose of this lecture is to discuss theories and characteristics of early onset exodeviations, and report on our observations of infantile XT and early X(T) at Children's Eye Care in Michigan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 470 cases of childhood exodeviations (ages 6 months to 15 years) were reviewed and met inclusion criteria of no prior surgical treatment, no ocular, CNS or craniofacial disease, and no significant prematurity...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
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