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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166149/journal-club-redefining-the-radiology-curriculum-in-medical-school-vertical-integration-and-global-accessibility
#1
Michele Retrouvey, Anthony Paul Trace, Craig W Goodmurphy, Sarah Shaves
OBJECTIVE: Radiology interconnects medical disciplines given that a working understanding of imaging is essential to clinicians of every specialty. Using online education, we created a globally accessible, web-based undergraduate medical radiology curriculum modeled after the National Medical Student Curriculum in Radiology program of the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four radiology faculty-mentored video modules were produced, 50 of which were integrated into the 1st-year anatomy course...
November 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162758/public-health-challenges-for-the-21st-century-convergence-of-demography-economics-environment-and-biology-nalanda-distinguished-lecture
#2
K M Venkat Narayan
The rapidly changing and interdependent world under the mega-force of globalization presents unique challenges and opportunities for public health. Focusing on the example of type 2 diabetes, I argue that an appreciation for the evolution of demographic and economic contexts is essential to appropriately address today's dynamic and complex health challenges. For the vast majority of the past 2000 years, India and China were the world's largest economies until the rise of western European nations in the 18th century and later the USA...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161530/family-centered-breastfeeding-education-to-promote-primiparas-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-china
#3
Jian Ke, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Sharon R Redding
BACKGROUND: Few breastfeeding education programs focus on primiparas and the importance of family members on exclusive breastfeeding in China. Research aim: This study aimed to explore the influence of a family-centered breastfeeding education program in promoting exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months postpartum and to improve women's attitude and knowledge, family members' knowledge, and family support. METHODS: This was a two-group quasi-experimental design with multiple comparisons...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158949/diagnosis-dialog-recap-and-relevance-to-recent-apta-actions
#4
Barbara J Norton
For at least 40 years, physical therapists have been contemplating the issue of diagnosis. After the profession chose to require completion of doctoral-level training for entry into the profession, making some decisions about diagnosis became essential. In the 2004 Maley Lecture, Cynthia Coffin-Zadai called the profession to action on the question of diagnosis. One response to her call was the formation of a group of physical therapists from across the country to engage in an extended conversation about diagnosis...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157651/is-science-important-a-recent-lecture
#5
EDITORIAL
Joseph S Alpert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157229/computer-model-for-the-cardiovascular-system-development-of-an-e-learning-tool-for-teaching-of-medical-students
#6
David Roy Warriner, Martin Bayley, Yubing Shi, Patricia Victoria Lawford, Andrew Narracott, John Fenner
BACKGROUND: This study combined themes in cardiovascular modelling, clinical cardiology and e-learning to create an on-line environment that would assist undergraduate medical students in understanding key physiological and pathophysiological processes in the cardiovascular system. METHODS: An interactive on-line environment was developed incorporating a lumped-parameter mathematical model of the human cardiovascular system. The model outputs were used to characterise the progression of key disease processes and allowed students to classify disease severity with the aim of improving their understanding of abnormal physiology in a clinical context...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156486/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives
#7
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the society for Obstetric anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
November 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156067/pilot-testing-a-coaching-intervention-to-improve-certified-nursing-assistants-dressing-of-nursing-home-residents
#8
Kerry Jean Jordan, Pao-Feng Tsai, Seongkum Heo, Shasha Bai, Deborah Dailey, Cornelia K Beck, Lindsey M Butler, Rachel L Greenwood
The purpose of the current study was to identify initial effects of a coaching training intervention using Level of Assistance (LoA) strategies compared with traditional lecture techniques on the appropriateness of LoA use by certified nursing assistants (CNAs) and independence of dressing of nursing home residents with dementia. Seventeen CNA-resident dyads participated in this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). Control and experimental group CNAs received a 25-minute traditional lecture. Experimental group CNAs also underwent three coaching sessions over 4 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155969/reducing-barriers-to-consulting-a-general-practitioner-in-patients-at-increased-risk-of-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-chest-australia-intervention
#9
Sonya R Murray, Yvonne Kutzer, Emily Habgood, Peter Murchie, Fiona M Walter, Danielle Mazza, Shaouli Shahid, Jon D Emery
Background: Lung cancer has one of the lowest survival outcomes of any cancer because over two-thirds of patients are diagnosed when curative treatment is no longer possible, partly due to later presentation with symptoms to a healthcare provider. Objective: To explore the theoretical underpinning of the Scottish CHEST intervention in participants randomized to the intervention group within the CHEST Australia trial. Methods: A purposive maximum variation sample of participants who received the intervention in the CHEST trial in Perth, Western Australia (N = 13) and Melbourne, Victoria, (N = 7) were interviewed...
November 16, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154748/cdc-safety-training-course-for-ebola-virus-disease-healthcare-workers
#10
Rupa Narra, Jeremy Sobel, Catherine Piper, Deborah Gould, Nahid Bhadelia, Mary Dott, Anthony Fiore, William A Fischer, Mary Jo Frawley, Patricia M Griffin, Douglas Hamilton, Barbara Mahon, Satish K Pillai, Emily F Veltus, Robert Tauxe, Michael Jhung
Response to sudden epidemic infectious disease emergencies can demand intensive and specialized training, as demonstrated in 2014 when Ebola virus disease (EVD) rapidly spread throughout West Africa. The medical community quickly became overwhelmed because of limited staff, supplies, and Ebola treatment units (ETUs). Because a mechanism to rapidly increase trained healthcare workers was needed, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed and implemented an introductory EVD safety training course to prepare US healthcare workers to work in West Africa ETUs...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151362/elimination-of-schistosomiasis-the-tools-required
#11
REVIEW
Robert Bergquist, Xiao-Nong Zhou, David Rollinson, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Katharina Klohe
BACKGROUND: Historically, the target in the schistosomiasis control has shifted from infection to morbidity, then back to infection, but now as a public health problem, before moving on to transmission control. Currently, all endemic countries are encouraged to increase control efforts and move towards elimination as required by the World Health Organization (WHO) roadmap for the global control of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and the WHA65.21 resolution issued by the World Health Assembly...
November 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148871/a-welcome-return-to-lectures-in-jrsm
#12
Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148145/development-of-undergraduate-gerodontology-courses-in-austria-germany-and-switzerland-2004-2014
#13
I Nitschke, M Neitzel, B A J Sobotta
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: In view of the demographic shift, undergraduate dental students should be prepared for growing numbers of older people and their specific needs. The study examines changes in undergraduate dental teaching in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2004 and 2014. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed in 2004, 2009 and 2014 to all deans and all department heads of Austrian (n = 4), German (n = 30) and Swiss (n = 4) dental schools. RESULTS: Response rates were 51% for deans and 47% for heads of department...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147169/uncomplicated-acute-type-b-aortic-dissection-selection-guidelines-for-tevar
#14
Emilia Krol, Jean M Panneton
Traditionally, the surgical management of acute type B aortic dissections was reserved for patients with signs of malperfusion, rapid expansion, retrograde dissection or rupture. The adjunct of endovascular techniques has brought a paradigm shift, leaning towards preventing long term dissection complications. Multiple risk factors have been proposed to identify patients at risk for long term aortic complications. The patients, who are offered a prophylactic endovascular therapy for uncomplicated aortic dissection, should be selected carefully, and offered intervention by an experienced team in a high-volume center...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146665/the-relative-effect-of-team-based-learning-on-motivation-and-learning-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#15
Lucas M Jeno, Arild Raaheim, Sara Madeleine Kristensen, Kjell Daniel Kristensen, Torstein Nielsen Hole, Mildrid J Haugland, Silje Mæland
We investigate the effects of team-based learning (TBL) on motivation and learning in a quasi-experimental study. The study employs a self-determination theory perspective to investigate the motivational effects of implementing TBL in a physiotherapy course in higher education. We adopted a one-group pretest-posttest design. The results show that the students' intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, perceived competence, and perceived autonomy support significantly increased going from lectures to TBL...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146123/planetary-health-protecting-human-health-on-a-rapidly-changing-planet
#16
Samuel S Myers
The impact of human activities on our planet's natural systems has been intensifying rapidly in the past several decades, leading to disruption and transformation of most natural systems. These disruptions in the atmosphere, oceans, and across the terrestrial land surface are not only driving species to extinction, they pose serious threats to human health and wellbeing. Characterising and addressing these threats requires a paradigm shift. In a lecture delivered to the Academy of Medical Sciences on Nov 13, 2017, I describe the scale of human impacts on natural systems and the extensive associated health effects across nearly every dimension of human health...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145675/-implementing-the-cross-disciplinary-subject-palliative-care-lecture-s-perspective
#17
Leonie Isermeyer, Benjamin Ilse, Gabriella Marx, Stephanie Seidemann, Jana Jünger, Friedemann Nauck, Bernd Alt-Epping
Introduction In 2009, palliative care was introduced as a mandatory subject in the undergraduate medical curriculum in Germany. Despite all efforts to integrate this subject into the curriculum, research suggests substantial differences and deficits in the quality of education between the medical schools. The aim of this research was to find out promoting as well as impedimental aspects of implementing palliative care in the medical training program. By this, a suitable framework in terms of content and structure for palliative care teaching should be extracted...
November 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141087/effect-of-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-with-or-without-supervised-exercise-on-walking-performance-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-the-propel-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mary M McDermott, Luigi Ferrucci, Lu Tian, Jack M Guralnik, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Melina R Kibbe, Tamar S Polonsky, Kathryn Domanchuk, James H Stein, Lihui Zhao, Doris Taylor, Christopher Skelly, William Pearce, Harris Perlman, Walter McCarthy, Lingyu Li, Ying Gao, Robert Sufit, Christina L Bloomfield, Michael H Criqui
Importance: Benefits of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for improving walking ability in people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) are unclear. Walking exercise may augment the effects of GM-CSF in PAD, since exercise-induced ischemia enhances progenitor cell release and may promote progenitor cell homing to ischemic calf muscle. Objectives: To determine whether GM-CSF combined with supervised treadmill exercise improves 6-minute walk distance, compared with exercise alone and compared with GM-CSF alone; to determine whether GM-CSF alone improves 6-minute walk more than placebo and whether exercise improves 6-minute walk more than an attention control intervention...
November 15, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138614/development-of-a-health-care-systems-curriculum
#19
Zachary Pruitt, Rahul Mhaskar, Bryan G Kane, Robert D Barraco, Deborah J DeWaay, Alex M Rosenau, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Background: There is currently no gold standard for delivery of systems-based practice in medical education, and it is challenging to incorporate into medical education. Health systems competence requires physicians to understand patient care within the broader health care system and is vital to improving the quality of care clinicians provide. We describe a health systems curriculum that utilizes problem-based learning across 4 years of systems-based practice medical education at a single institution...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138218/lecture-attendance-improves-success-in-medical-physiology
#20
Enver Ahmet Demir, Okan Tutuk, Hatice Dogan, Duygu Egeli, Cemil Tumer
The educators have underlined the importance of lecture attendance for decades. Nowadays, students have ample online educational sources, which began a debate on the necessity of in-class lectures. In the present study, we investigated the influence of lecture attendance on the exam success. To this aim, we adopted a novel approach and matched second-year medicine students' answers in three interim exams with the lectures related to those questions. Thereby, we were able to evaluate if attending lectures increases the chance of giving a correct answer to the exam question generated from the attended lecture...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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