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Bulimia nervosa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439806/a-case-of-symptom-relapse-post-placement-of-intrauterine-device-iud-in-a-patient-with-bulimia-nervosa-consequence-or-coincidence
#1
Brad A Mac Neil, Chloe C Hudson, Kathleen Dempsey, Pallavi Nadkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434177/eating-disorders-and-food-addiction-in-men-with-heroin-use-disorder-a-controlled-study
#2
Fatih Canan, Servet Karaca, Suna Sogucak, Omer Gecici, Murat Kuloglu
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the prevalence estimates of binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and food addiction in men with heroin use disorder and a matched sample of control participants. METHODS: A group of 100 men with heroin use disorder, consecutively admitted to a detoxification and therapy unit, were screened for DSM-5 eating disorders, along with a group of 100 male controls of similar age, education, and body mass index. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale-version 11, and the Eating Attitudes Test were used for data collection...
April 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432804/premorbid-bmi-predicts-binge-purge-symptomatology-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Elin L Lantz, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: A finding consistent with the transdiagnostic approach to eating disorders is that about half of those with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN) eventually undergo a transition to the binge/purge (BP) subtype or to bulimia nervosa. Given evidence that individuals with bulimic symptoms exhibit elevated weights premorbidly, we tested the hypothesis that among those with AN, highest premorbid BMI would predict which individuals with AN would develop AN-BP. METHOD: The current study used longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents with AN in Sweden...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429386/relationship-between-desired-weight-and-eating-disorder-pathology-in-youth
#4
Hope K Boyd, Andrea E Kass, Erin C Accurso, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jennifer E Wildes, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with eating disorders (ED), particularly anorexia nervosa (AN), and bulimia nervosa (BN), often wish to reduce their body weight in pursuit of a thin ideal, but no study has examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in a clinical population of youth. Given the potential impact of desired weight on normalization of eating patterns and weight restoration, we examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in youth with AN or BN. METHODS: Participants were 340 youth presenting to an outpatient ED clinical research program...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428765/content-analysis-of-the-construction-of-self-and-others-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#5
Gloria Dada, Sheila Izu, Claudia Montebruno, Antoni Grau, Guillem Feixas
The purpose of this study was to explore the content of personal constructs in people diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (BN). We expected to find differences in the predominant content of the construct systems between women with and without BN. We analyzed the constructs elicited using the repertory grid technique from 120 women aged between 18 to 45 years, divided into two groups: a clinical group of women diagnosed with bulimia (n = 62) and a control group of university students (n = 58). The constructs were categorized using the Classification System for Personal Constructs (CSPC), composed of six themes which are broken down into 45 categories...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424379/-risk-factors-of-eating-disorders-in-the-narratives-of-fashion-models
#6
Nikolett Bogár, Ferenc Túry
INTRODUCTION: The risk of eating disorders is high in populations who are exposed to slimness ideal, so among fashion models. The present qualitative study evaluates the risk factors of eating disorders in a group of fashion models with semistructured interview. Moreover, the aim of the study was to examine the impact of professional requirements on the health of models. METHODS: The study group was internationally heterogeneous. The models were involved by personal professional relationship...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399092/-the-affective-pathology-in-patients-with-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#7
V V Grachev
AIM: To investigate affective pathology in patients with adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) and to analyze comorbid mutual influences of these clinical entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 52 young female patients, aged from 13.9 to 17.4 years, who simultaneously meet ICD-10 criteria of F50.2 - typical BN and F30-F39 - mood disorders. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for psychometric assessment. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 7 years...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398162/control-over-interfering-memories-in-eating-disorders
#8
Davide Francesco Stramaccia, Barbara Penolazzi, Arianna Libardi, Aldo Genovese, Luigi Castelli, Daniela Palomba, Giovanni Galfano
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that patients suffering from either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) exhibit abnormal performance in the ability to control cognitive interference in response selection. METHOD: We assessed the status of cognitive control in episodic memory by addressing the ability to inhibit interfering memories. To this end, we used the retrieval-practice paradigm, which allows for measuring both the beneficial and the detrimental effects of memory practice...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392917/now-you-see-it-now-you-don-t-compulsive-exercise-in-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder
#9
Johanna Levallius, Christina Collin, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise (CE) has been proposed as significant in the etiology, development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), resulting in more severe and enduring pathology. However, few studies have investigated CE longitudinally in adolescents with EDs. We aimed to test if adolescents show the same associations between CE and other clinical variables as previous research has found in adults. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred sixteen girls and 139 boys from a clinical ED database were investigated regarding prevalence and frequency of CE and its relation to psychiatric symptoms, associated features and outcome...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386243/validation-and-factor-structure-of-the-french-language-version-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire-emaq
#10
Léna Bourdier, Christophe Lalanne, Yannick Morvan, Laurence Kern, Lucia Romo, Sylvie Berthoz
The concept of Emotional Eating (EE) is increasingly considered to be implicated in overeating and obesity, and in different subtypes of eating disorders. Among the self-report questionnaires assessing EE, the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) includes recent advances in this area: it evaluates a broad range of emotions and situations both positive and negative, and the way they modulate food intake (decrease, stability, or increase). The main objective of our study was to further investigate the psychometric properties of the French version of the EMAQ in a large sample of students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376408/impact-of-the-neural-correlates-of-stress-and-cue-reactivity-on-stress-related-binge-eating-in-the-natural-environment
#11
Sarah Fischer, Lauren Breithaupt, Joseph Wonderlich, Margaret L Westwater, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James Thompson, Jason Lavender, Stephen Wonderlich
Women with symptoms of bulimia nervosa (BN) exhibit decreased response to visual food cues in several limbic and frontal regions compared to controls. Stress causes decreased blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) response in these regions in non-clinical samples; there is a lack of data on this topic in BN. This study examined the impact of individual differences in neural reactivity to palatable food cues following acute stress on stress-binge trajectories in everyday life. 16 women with BN symptoms viewed palatable food cues prior to and immediately following an acute stress induction in the scanner...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370208/attitudes-toward-orthorexia-nervosa-relative-to-dsm-5-eating-disorders
#12
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
OBJECTIVE: A pattern of disordered eating involving a pathological fixation with healthy food consumption, labeled orthorexia nervosa (ON), has recently generated attention; however, research has not yet investigated perceptions of ON-related behaviors. This study examined potential stigmatization of ON, compared with DSM-5 ED diagnoses. METHOD: Participants (N = 505) were randomly assigned to read a vignette depicting a woman with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), or ON...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361213/food-addiction-as-a-proxy-for-eating-disorder-and-obesity-severity-trauma-history-ptsd-symptoms-and-comorbidity
#13
REVIEW
Timothy D Brewerton
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) is a newly defined yet still controversial condition that has important etiological, developmental, treatment, prevention, and social policy implications. In this review, the case is made that FA (or high scores on the Yale Food Addiction Scale) may be used as a proxy measure for a matrix of interrelated clinical features, including greater eating disorder severity, greater obesity severity, more severe trauma histories, greater symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), greater psychiatric comorbidity, as well as greater medical morbidity and mortality...
March 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345215/temporal-discounting-and-the-tendency-to-delay-gratification-across-the-eating-disorder-spectrum
#14
Savani Bartholdy, Samantha Rennalls, Hollie Danby, Claire Jacques, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt, Owen G O'Daly
Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) have been associated with poorer reward-related inhibitory control, reflected by a reduced tendency to delay gratification. The opposite has been reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but differences have not been directly compared across eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated self-reported (Delaying Gratification Inventory) and task-based (temporal discounting) inhibitory control in 66 women with an ED and 28 healthy controls (HCs). Poorer task-based inhibitory control was observed in the BN compared with the AN group and poorer self-reported inhibitory control in the BN and in the BED groups compared with the AN and the HC groups, suggesting that reward-related inhibitory control varies across EDs...
March 27, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335877/cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-therapy-in-female-adolescents-with-bulimia-nervosa-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Annette Stefini, Simone Salzer, Günter Reich, Hildegard Horn, Klaus Winkelmann, Hinrich Bents, Ursula Rutz, Ulrike Frost, Antje von Boetticher, Uwe Ruhl, Nicole Specht, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) in female adolescents. METHOD: In this randomized controlled trial, 81 female adolescents with BN or partial BN according to the DSM-IV received a mean of 36.6 sessions of manualized disorder-oriented PDT or CBT. Trained psychologists blinded to treatment condition administered the outcome measures at baseline, during treatment, at the end of treatment, and 12 months after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334570/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-disordered-eating-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#16
REVIEW
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Suzanne Higgs
Preliminary findings suggest that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be associated with disordered eating behaviour, but whether there is sufficient evidence to suggest an association between ADHD and specific types of disordered eating behaviour is unclear. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether specific features associated with ADHD are differentially associated with disordered eating behaviour. A systematic review of seventy-five studies was conducted to evaluate the potential association between ADHD symptomatology and disordered eating behaviour and to provide an estimate of the strength of evidence for any association...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#18
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
May 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323355/the-modelled-cost-effectiveness-of-cognitive-dissonance-for-the-prevention-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-adolescent-girls-in-australia
#19
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Susan M Sawyer, Susan J Paxton, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), are prevalent disorders that carry substantial economic and social burden. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the modelled population cost-effectiveness of cognitive dissonance (CD), a school-based preventive intervention for EDs, in the Australian health care context. METHOD: A population-based Markov model was developed to estimate the cost per disability adjusted life-year (DALY) averted by CD relative to no intervention...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323350/characteristics-of-seeking-treatment-among-u-s-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#20
Lauren N Forrest, April R Smith, Sonja A Swanson
OBJECTIVE: The majority of persons with eating disorders (EDs) do not seek ED treatment, yet little is known about treatment-seeking barriers or facilitators. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics associated with seeking ED treatment among U.S. adolescents with EDs. METHOD: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of U.S. adolescents ages 13-18 years were used for these analyses. Specifically, adolescents who met criteria for lifetime EDs (N = 281) were included...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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