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Bulimia nervosa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231147/neuroendocrine-and-metabolic-disorders-in-bulimia-nervosa
#1
Walter Milano, Anna Capasso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bulimia nervosa, is an eating disorder characterized by excessive influence of weight and body shape on the levels of self-esteem, with pervasive feelings of failure and inadequacy. The eating is characterized by the presence of episodes of uncontrolled eating (Binge), during which the person ingests mass wide variety of foods and the feeling of not being able to stop eating. This review focuses on the metabolic and hormonal alterations in the in bulimia nervosa...
December 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228517/cost-effectiveness-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Hunna J Watson, Nicole McLagan, Stephanie C Zerwas, Ross D Crosby, Michele D Levine, Cristin D Runfola, Christine M Peat, Markus Moessner, Benjamin Zimmer, Sara M Hofmeier, Robert M Hamer, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik, Scott J Crow
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa (CBT-BN) compared to face-to-face delivery of CBT-BN. METHODS: This study is a planned secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial. Participants were 179 adults (98% female, mean age = 28 years) meeting DSM-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa who were randomized to group face-to-face or group Internet-based CBT-BN for 16 sessions during 20 weeks...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219202/disturbance-of-gut-satiety-peptide-in-purging-disorder
#3
Pamela K Keel, Lisa A Eckel, Britny A Hildebrandt, Alissa A Haedt-Matt, Jonathan Appelbaum, David C Jimerson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about biological factors that contribute to purging after normal amounts of food-the central feature of purging disorder (PD). This study comes from a series of nested studies examining ingestive behaviors in bulimic syndromes and specifically evaluated the satiety peptide YY (PYY) and the hunger peptide ghrelin in women with PD (n = 25), bulimia nervosa-purging (BNp) (n = 26), and controls (n = 26). Based on distinct subjective responses to a fixed meal in PD (Keel, Wolfe, Liddle, DeYoung, & Jimerson, ), we tested whether postprandial PYY response was significantly greater and ghrelin levels significantly lower in women with PD compared to controls and women with BNp...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218756/weight-suppression-but-not-symptom-improvement-predicts-weight-gain-during-inpatient-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa
#4
Johannes Baltasar Hessler, Alice Diedrich, Martin Greetfeld, Sandra Schlegl, Caroline Schwartz, Ulrich Voderholzer
OBJECTIVE: Fear of gaining weight is a common obstacle to seeking treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN). We investigated changes in body mass index (BMI) during inpatient treatment for BN in relation to treatment outcome and weight suppression (WS). METHODS: Female inpatients of a specialized eating disorders clinic were grouped as deteriorated/unchanged, reliably improved, and clinically significantly improved based on Eating Disorder Inventory-2 scores. Repeated measures ANOVA was employed to examine changes in BMI between admission and discharge depending on treatment outcome and WS...
December 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205115/the-overlap-between-binge-eating-behaviors-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-an-etiological-integrative-model
#5
Chiara Paganini, Gregory Peterson, Vasilis Stavropoulos, Isabel Krug
Studies indicate that Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) features (e.g. insulin instability, food cravings, overproduction of androgens and menstrual irregularities) associate with increased appetite, impaired impulse control and feelings of body dissatisfaction. Counter intuitively, binge eating behaviors have been shown to reinforce PCOS symptomatology, precipitating concurrently body dissatisfaction, weight gain, insulin instability and overproduction of androgens. The present systematic literature review aspires to investigate the relationship between binge eating, in the broader context of eating disorder behaviors, and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), taking into account shared characteristics between EDs (Eating Disorders) and PCOS...
December 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201364/the-association-between-interpersonal-problems-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#6
Elise Meyn Ung, Cecilie Birkmose Erichsen, Stig Poulsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Sebastian Simonsen, Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen
Background: Interpersonal problems are thought to play an essential role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a specific interpersonal profile could be identified in a group of patients diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, or Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, and to explore if specific types of interpersonal problems were systematically related to treatment outcome in this group of patients...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189166/oxytocin-and-eating-disorders-a-narrative-review-on-emerging-findings-and-perspectives
#7
Katrin Giel, Stephan Zipfel, Manfred Hallschmid
The hypothalamic neuropeptide oxytocin regulates reproductive behavior and mother-infant interaction, and conclusive studies in humans indicate that oxytocin is also a potent modulator of psychosocial function. Pilot experiments have yielded first evidence that this neuropeptide moreover influences eating behavior. Brain administration of oxytocin in animals with normal weight, but also with diet-induced or genetically induced obesity, attenuates food intake and reduces body weight. In normal-weight and obese individuals, acute intranasal oxytocin delivery curbs calorie intake from main dishes and snacks...
November 28, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185363/do-hispanic-girls-develop-eating-disorders-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#8
Myanca Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Eating disorders have become increasingly prevalent in North America. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder were previously thought to solely affect Caucasian women. However, contemporary research has studied the occurrence of this phenomenon in ethnic minority women, such as Latinas. METHODS: This article presents a critical review of 12 quantitative, prospective psychological research studies from the past 17 years. RESULTS: The authors in the reviewed literature identified bodily dissatisfaction, environmental influences, and acculturation as significant risk factors in the development of eating disorders in Hispanic girls and women...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183315/prevalence-of-poor-mental-health-among-medical-students-in-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Arjab Adhikari, Aman Dutta, Supriya Sapkota, Abina Chapagain, Anurag Aryal, Amita Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health among medical students is widely acknowledged. Studies on mental health among medical students of Nepal are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the prevalence of mental disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students at KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal from December 2016 to February 2017. Our survey instrument consisted of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) and questions about socio-demographic factors, smoking, marijuana use, suicidal ideation and thoughts of dropping out of medical school...
November 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179911/growth-hormone-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-secretions-in-eating-disorders-correlations-with-psychopathological-aspects-of-the-disorders
#10
Francesca Brambilla, Paolo Santonastaso, Lorenza Caregaro, Angela Favaro
Hormonal alterations in Eating Disorders (ED) may result from the biochemical stress of malnutrition/starvation. The correlations between some hormonal impairments, particularly of the somatotropic axis, and the psychopathological aspects of ED are still undefined. We measured the plasma concentrations of the somatotropic hormone (GH) and the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in 136 patients with various forms of ED, 65 with restricted Anorexia Nervosa (ANR), 19 with bingeing-purging Anorexia Nervosa (ANBP), 12 with purging-non binging Anorexia Nervosa (ANP), 26 with Bulimia Nervosa (BN), 8 with ED not otherwise specified-anorexic type (EDNOS-AN), 7 with ED not otherwise specified-bulimic type (EDNOS-BN) and in 30 healthy controls...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177814/orofacial-manifestations-in-outpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-focusing-on-the-vomiting-behavior
#11
Maria Lourenço, Álvaro Azevedo, Isabel Brandão, Pedro S Gomes
OBJECTIVE: This case-control study aims to evaluate the oral health status and orofacial problems in a group of outpatients with eating disorders (ED)-either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN)-further focusing on the influence of vomit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five women outpatients with AN or BN diagnosis were invited to participate, of which 33 agreed. ED outpatients and matched controls were submitted to a questionnaire and clinical oral examination...
November 25, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172099/associations-between-adhd-and-eating-disorders-in-relation-to-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#12
Hannah Ziobrowski, Timothy D Brewerton, Alexis E Duncan
The objective of this study was to examine whether previously observed associations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with eating disorders (EDs) are at least partially attributable to other underlying psychopathology. Data came from 4719 participants aged 18-44 years in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication and the National Survey of American Life. DSM-IV diagnoses were assessed using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Multinomial logistic regression assessed associations between DSM-IV lifetime and past-12 month diagnoses of ADHD with EDs in unadjusted models and in models adjusted for demographic variables and other psychopathology...
November 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171644/nutritional-supplements-in-eating-disorders
#13
Marina Díaz-Marsá, Iñigo Alberdi-Páramo, Lluis Niell-Galmés
Eating disorders (EDs) are a series of differentiated nosological entities sharing the common link of a continuous alteration in food intake or in food intake-related behavior. Within this classification, the following disorders are noteworthy: anorexia nerviosa (AN) and bulimia nerviosa (BN). Anorexia nervosa is a chronic disorder characterized mainly by negative or decreased food intake accompanied by a distortion of body image and intense accompanying fear of weight gain. The estimated vital prevalence of this disorder in adolescence is approximately 0...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168283/emotion-regulation-as-a-transdiagnostic-feature-among-eating-disorders-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-approach
#14
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Múrcia, José M Menchón, Janet Treasure, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are observed in eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies have explored ER before and after treatment. The aims are as follows: to explore ER difficulties across ED types and a healthy control (HC) group (Study 1) and to assess pretreatment and post-treatment changes among ED types (Study 2). In Study 1, adult women with EDs (n = 438) and HC (n = 126) completed an assessment including Eating Disorders Inventory-2, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised...
November 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168047/are-eating-disorders-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Juan P González-Rivas, José R Medina-Inojosa, Hermes Florez
RECENT FINDINGS: Eating disorders (ED) affect energy intake modifying body fat depots. Prior evidence suggests that binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN) could increase the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D), while anorexia nervosa (AN) could reduce it. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate if ED are risk factors for T2D. Ten studies were selected out of 1057 screened. Meta-analysis of six studies with T2D as outcome is reported...
November 22, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150136/associations-between-cortical-thickness-structural-connectivity-and-severity-of-dimensional-bulimia-nervosa-symptomatology
#16
Margaret L Westwater, Jakob Seidlitz, Kelly M J Diederen, Sarah Fischer, James C Thompson
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a psychiatric illness defined by preoccupation with body image (cognitive 'symptoms'), binge eating and compensatory behaviors. Although diagnosed BN has been related to grey matter alterations, characterization of brain structure in women with a range of BN symptoms has not been made. This study examined whether cortical thickness (CT) values scaled with severity of BN cognitions in 33 women with variable BN pathology. We then assessed global structural connectivity (SC) of CT to determine if individual differences in global SC relate to BN symptom severity...
November 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142754/inviting-eating-disorder-patients-to-discuss-the-academic-literature-a-model-program-for-psychoeducation
#17
Lauren Belak, Tara Deliberto, Matthew Shear, Sean Kerrigan, Evelyn Attia
Background: Psychoeducation initiatives in which patients read primary scientific literature have not yet been studied as a treatment intervention for eating disorders. In this paper, we discuss and evaluate the acceptability of a novel psychoeducational journal club for individuals with anorexia and bulimia nervosa in inpatient and partial hospitalization program settings. Primary literature about eating disorders is presented and discussed with patients. By presenting scientifically-supported information, our "Psychoeducational Research Group" is designed to help patients restructure disordered thoughts and encourage adherence to evidence-based treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131078/role-of-sexuality-in-the-outcome-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#18
Giovanni Castellini, Lorenzo Lelli, Elisa Corsi, Beatrice Campone, Eleonora Ciampi, Alessandra D Fisher, Luca Mallardo, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Francesco Rotella, Tommaso Tofani, Linda Vignozzi, Francesco Zamponi, Mario Maggi, Valdo Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130718/eating-disorders-during-the-adolescence-personality-characteristics-associated-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#19
Belén Barajas Iglesias, Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Isabel Laporta Herrero, Miguel Ángel Santed Germán
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies provide relevant information about the relationship between personality and eating disorders (ED). The involvement of personality factors in the etiology and maintenance of ED indicates the need of emphasizing the study of the adolescent's personality when diagnosed of ED. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to analyze the adolescent's personality profiles that differ significantly in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and to explore the most common profiles and their associations with those subtypes of eating disorders (ED)...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125969/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-argentina
#20
V C Fernández, N Alonso, L Melamud, A M Villa
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory, secondarily demyelinating astrocytopathy that most commonly affects the optic nerves and the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychopathological profile, presence of current depression, and suicidality in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in an Argentinean cohort, and compare these parameters to those in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in healthy controls (HCs)...
November 7, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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