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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712432/alexithymia-in-eating-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-studies-using-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale
#1
REVIEW
Heather Westwood, Jess Kerr-Gaffney, Daniel Stahl, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to synthesise the literature on the use of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) in eating disorder populations and Healthy Controls (HCs) and to compare TAS scores in these groups. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched systematically for studies using the TAS and meta-analyses were performed to statistically compare scores on the TAS between individuals with eating disorders and HCs. RESULTS: Forty-eight studies using the TAS with both a clinical eating disorder group and HCs were identified...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711113/effects-of-tailored-and-act-influenced-internet-based-cbt-for-eating-disorders-and-the-relation-between-knowledge-acquisition-and-outcome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sandra Weineland Strandskov, Ata Ghaderi, Hedvig Andersson, Nicole Parmskog, Emelie Hjort, Anna Svanberg Wärn, Maria Jannert, Gerhard Andersson
This is the first trial to investigate the outcome of tailored and ACT-influenced, cognitive behavioral Internet treatment for eating disorder psychopathology, and the relation between knowledge acquisition and outcome. This study utilized a randomized controlled design, with computer-based allocation to treatment or waiting list control group. Participants were recruited via advertisements in social media and newspapers in Sweden. Participants fulfilling the criteria for bulimia nervosa (BN), or Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS), with a BMI above 17...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#3
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
July 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707477/response-to-the-best-available-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-is-disease-severity-dependent
#4
Antonios Dakanalis, Massimo Clerici
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700663/predictors-and-long-term-health-outcomes-of-eating-disorders
#5
Katie M O'Brien, Denis R Whelan, Dale P Sandler, Janet E Hall, Clarice R Weinberg
Anorexia and bulimia nervosa may have long-term effects on overall and reproductive health. We studied predictors of self-reported eating disorders and associations with later health events. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) for these associations in 47,759 participants from the Sister Study. Two percent (n = 967) of participants reported a history of an eating disorder. Risk factors included being non-Hispanic white, having well-educated parents, recent birth cohort (OR = 2.16, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698483/virtual-reality-as-a-promising-strategy-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Marcele Regine de Carvalho, Thiago Rodrigues de Santana Dias, Monica Duchesne, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Jose Carlos Appolinario
Several lines of evidence suggest that Virtual Reality (VR) has a potential utility in eating disorders. The objective of this study is to review the literature on the use of VR in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). Using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement for reporting systematic reviews, we performed a PubMed, Web of Knowledge and SCOPUS search to identify studies employing VR in the assessment and treatment of BN and BED. The following search terms were used: "virtual reality", "eating disorders", "binge eating", and "bulimia nervosa"...
July 9, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698012/the-relation-between-craving-and-binge-eating-integrating-neuroimaging-and-ecological-momentary-assessment
#7
Joseph A Wonderlich, Lauren E Breithaupt, Ross D Crosby, James C Thompson, Scott G Engel, Sarah Fischer
The role of craving in binge eating characteristic of bulimia nervosa (BN) is inconclusive. A network of regions associated with cue reactivity to food and substances has been identified, comprised of the amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, insula, and striatum. The goal of this study was to examine individual differences in BOLD response in this appetitive network as moderators of the relationship between craving and binging in the natural environment in women with BN. Women with BN (N = 16) completed a baseline measure of craving and a fMRI scan, where they viewed neutral cues and food cues...
July 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691846/a-review-of-purging-disorder-through-meta-analysis
#8
Kathryn E Smith, Janis H Crowther, Jason M Lavender
Although a growing body of research has examined Purging Disorder (PD), there remains a lack of conclusive evidence regarding the diagnostic validity of PD. This meta-analysis compared PD to DSM-5 eating disorders (i.e., Anorexia Nervosa [AN], Bulimia Nervosa [BN], and Binge Eating Disorder [BED]) and controls. A comprehensive literature search identified 38 eligible studies. Group differences on indicators of course of illness and both general and eating psychopathology were assessed using standardized effect sizes...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691845/maternal-eating-disorders-and-perinatal-outcomes-a-three-generation-study-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#9
Hunna J Watson, Stephanie Zerwas, Leila Torgersen, Kristin Gustavson, Elizabeth W Diemer, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Cynthia M Bulik
Previous studies of the relationship between maternal eating disorders and adverse perinatal outcomes have failed to control for familial transmission of perinatal phenotypes, which may confound the reported association. In a unique design afforded by the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and Medical Birth Registry of Norway, we linked three generations through birth register records and maternal-reported survey data to investigate whether maternal eating disorders increase risk after parsing out the contribution of familial transmission of perinatal phenotypes...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691844/the-impact-of-acute-stress-on-the-neural-processing-of-food-cues-in-bulimia-nervosa-replication-in-two-samples
#10
Brittany Collins, Lauren Breithaupt, Jennifer E McDowell, L Stephen Miller, James Thompson, Sarah Fischer
The impact of acute stress on the neural processing of food cues in bulimia nervosa (BN) is unknown, despite theory that acute stress decreases cognitive control over food and hence increases vulnerability to environmental triggers for binge eating. Thus, the goals of this manuscript were to explore the impact of acute stress on the neural processing of food cues in BN. In Study 1, 10 women with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) BN and 10 healthy controls participated in an fMRI paradigm examining the neural correlates of visual food cue processing pre and post an acute stress induction...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#11
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691842/response-in-taste-circuitry-is-not-modulated-by-hunger-and-satiety-in-women-remitted-from-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Alice V Ely, Christina E Wierenga, Amanda Bischoff-Grethe, Ursula F Bailer, Laura A Berner, Julie L Fudge, Martin P Paulus, Walter H Kaye
Individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) engage in episodes of binge eating, marked by loss of control and eating despite fullness. Does altered reward and metabolic state contribute to BN pathophysiology? Normally, hunger increases (and satiety decreases) reward salience to regulate eating. We investigated whether BN is associated with an abnormal response in a neural circuit involved in translating taste signals into motivated behavior, when hungry and fed. Twenty-six women remitted from BN (RBN) and 22 control women (CW) were administered water and sucrose during 2 counterbalanced fMRI visits, following a 16-hr fast or a standardized breakfast...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682280/oral-health-considerations-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-1-symptomatology-and-diagnosis
#13
Mohamed A Bassiouny
Eating disorders have captured the attention of medical and dental professionals as well as the public for decades and continue to raise concern today. The literature devoted to anorexia and bulimia highlights myriad psychological, systemic, and dental health complications. Dental practitioners are in a unique position to discover early manifestations of these disorders. The present article reviews anorexia and bulimia, summarizing telltale behavioral traits, systemic manifestations, and dental features to facilitate recognition and enable accurate diagnosis...
July 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682231/g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tique-et-%C3%A3-pig%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tique-des-troubles-des-conduites-alimentaires
#14
Nicolas Ramoz, Julia Clarke, Philip Gorwood
Eating disorders (EDs) are complex and multifactorial psychiatric illnesses that induce significant and sustained pathological disruption of food intake. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illnesses (DSM-5) describes the clinical criteria of major disorders including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The neurobiological basis of food intake is well characterized. Epidemiological studies reported a heritability about 70% in AN and 60% in BN, suggesting that genetic factors are involved in the vulnerability to EDs...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680630/burden-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-eating-disorders-including-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid-in-the-australian-population
#15
Phillipa Hay, Deborah Mitchison, Abraham Ernesto Lopez Collado, David Alejandro González-Chica, Nigel Stocks, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology and health related quality of life (HRQoL) of the new DSM-5 diagnoses, Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) in the Australian population. We aimed to investigate the prevalance and burden of these disorders. METHODS: We conducted two sequential population-based surveys including individuals aged over 15 years who were interviewed in 2014 (n = 2732) and 2015 (n =3005)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673268/confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-beliefs-questionnaire
#16
Amy L Burton, Phillipa Hay, Sabina Kleitman, Evelyn Smith, Jayanthi Raman, Jessica Swinbourne, Stephen W Touyz, Maree J Abbott
BACKGROUND: The Eating Beliefs Questionnaire (EBQ) is a 27-item self-report measure that assesses positive and negative beliefs about binge eating. It has been validated and its factor structure explored in a non-clinical sample. This study tested the psychometric properties of the EBQ in a clinical and a non-clinical sample. METHOD: A sample of 769 participants (573 participants recruited from the university and general community, 76 seeking treatment for an eating disorder and 120 participating in obesity research) completed a battery of questionnaires...
July 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672851/the-role-of-regular-eating-and-self-monitoring-in-the-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-guided-self-help-cbt-program
#17
Sarah Barakat, Sarah Maguire, Lois Surgenor, Brooke Donnelly, Blagica Miceska, Kirsty Fromholtz, Janice Russell, Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
Background: Despite cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) being regarded as the first-line treatment option for bulimia nervosa (BN), barriers such as its time-consuming and expensive nature limit patient access. In order to broaden treatment availability and affordability, the efficacy and convenience of CBT could be improved through the use of online treatments and selective emphasis on its most 'potent' components of which behavioural techniques form the focus. Method: Twenty-six individuals with BN were enrolled in an online CBT-based self-help programme and 17 completed four weeks of regular eating and food-monitoring using the online Food Diary tool...
June 26, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672226/proactive-and-reactive-inhibitory-control-in-eating-disorders
#18
Savani Bartholdy, Samantha J Rennalls, Claire Jacques, Hollie Danby, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt, Owen G O'Daly
Altered inhibitory control has been implicated in the development and maintenance of eating disorders (ED), however it is unclear how different types of inhibitory control are affected across the EDs. We explored whether individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED) and anorexia nervosa (AN) differed from healthy individuals (HC) on two types of motor inhibitory control: proactive inhibition (related to the preparation/initiation of a response) and reactive inhibition (withholding a response in reaction to a signal)...
June 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651098/an-interoceptive-model-of-bulimia-nervosa-a-neurobiological-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Megan Klabunde, Danielle Collado, Cara Bohon
The objective of our study was to examine the neurobiological support for an interoceptive sensory processing model of bulimia nervosa (BN). To do so, we conducted a systematic review of interoceptive sensory processing in BN, using the PRISMA guidelines. We searched PsychInfo, Pubmed, and Web of Knowledge databases to identify biological and behavioral studies that examine interoceptive detection in BN. After screening 390 articles for inclusion and conducting a quality assessment of articles that met inclusion criteria, we reviewed 41 articles...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644914/the-role-of-expectation-in-multisensory-body-representation-neural-evidence
#20
Francesca Ferri, Ettore Ambrosini, Paola Pinti, Arcangelo Merla, Marcello Costantini
Sensory events contribute to body ownership, the feeling that the body belongs to me. However, the encoding of sensory events is not only reactive, but also proactive in that our brain generates prediction about forthcoming stimuli. In previous studies we have shown that prediction of sensory events is a sufficient condition to induce the sense of body ownership. In this study we investigate the underlying neural mechanisms. Participants were seated with their right arm resting upon a table just below another smaller table...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
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