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Bulimia nervosa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653375/feeling-fat-in-eating-disorders-testing-the-unique-relationships-between-feeling-fat-and-measures-of-disordered-eating-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#1
Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, David Castle, Richard Newton, Philippa Harrison, Leonardo L Cistullo, Scott Griffiths, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
Although widely discussed in theories of eating disorders, the experience of "feeling fat" in this population has received little research attention. This study tested the unique relationships between feeling fat and measures of problematic eating behaviours and attitudes. Data were analysed from individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 123) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 51). Correlations revealed considerable unshared variance between feeling fat and shape and weight over-evaluation and depressive symptoms...
April 10, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653254/interactions-between-risk-factors-in-the-prediction-of-onset-of-eating-disorders-exploratory-hypothesis-generating-analyses
#2
Eric Stice, Christopher D Desjardins
OBJECTIVE: Because no study has tested for interactions between risk factors in the prediction of future onset of each eating disorder, this exploratory study addressed this lacuna to generate hypotheses to be tested in future confirmatory studies. METHOD: Data from three prevention trials that targeted young women at high risk for eating disorders due to body dissatisfaction (N = 1271; M age 18.5, SD 4.2) and collected diagnostic interview data over 3-year follow-up were combined to permit sufficient power to predict onset of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and purging disorder (PD) using classification tree analyses, an analytic technique uniquely suited to detecting interactions...
March 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627003/using-real-time-fmri-brain-computer-interfacing-to-treat-eating-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Moses O Sokunbi
Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging based brain-computer interfacing (fMRI neurofeedback) has shown encouraging outcomes in the treatment of psychiatric and behavioural disorders. However, its use in the treatment of eating disorders is very limited. Here, we give a brief overview of how to design and implement fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of eating disorders, considering the basic and essential components. We also attempt to develop potential adaptations of fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626825/emotional-eating-and-temperamental-traits-in-eating-disorders-a-dimensional-approach
#4
Francesco Rotella, Edoardo Mannucci, Sara Gemignani, Lisa Lazzeretti, Giulia Fioravanti, Valdo Ricca
Growing evidence shows that temperamental features and emotional dysregulation are linked to Eating Disorders (EDs). Aim of this study was to explore the possible relationship between temperament and emotional eating (EE) from a dimensional standpoint, and the association of specific temperamental dimensions with overeating triggered by specific emotions. We enrolled 253 women with Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder. Of those, 189 (74.7%), 73 (28.8%), and 80 (31.6%) reported binge eating, purging, or restrictive behaviors, respectively (the categories are not mutually exclusive)...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618874/bilateral-parotid-sialadenosis-associated-with-long-standing-bulimia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Blas Garcia Garcia, Alicia Dean Ferrer, Nelida Diaz Jimenez, Francisco Jesus Alamillos Granados
Purpose: Bulimia is a common cause of sialadenosis. This paper presents a case of bilateral parotid sialadenosis associated with long-standing bulimia, and reviews the relevant literature and current treatment options. Methods and Results: A 32-year-old woman had severe bilateral parotid sialomegaly for the last 6 years, which had occurred secondary to bulimia nervosa, which she had since 14 years. Treatment with pilocarpine was unsuccessful, so she underwent bilateral conservative parotidectomy...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608897/uses-of-fluoxetine-in-nociceptive-pain-management-a-literature-overview
#6
REVIEW
Ahmed Barakat, Mostafa M Hamdy, Mohamed M Elbadr
Fluoxetine is one of the top ten prescribed antidepressants. Other therapeutic applications were approved for fluoxetine including, anxiety disorders, bulimia nervosa, and premature ejaculation. However, the role of fluoxetine in nociceptive pain management is still unclear. In this review, we discuss an overview of five possible roles of fluoxetine in pain management: intrinsic antinociceptive effect, enhancement of acute opioid analgesia, attenuation of tolerance development to opioid analgesia, attenuation of dependence development and abstinence syndrome, and attenuation of opioid induced hyperalgesia...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601104/the-impact-of-weight-suppression-and-weight-loss-speed-on-baseline-clinical-characteristics-and-response-to-treatment
#7
Marco Solmi, Davide Gallicchio, Enrico Collantoni, Paolo Meneguzzo, Tatiana Zanetti, Daniela Degortes, Elena Tenconi, Elisa Bonello, Angela Veronese, Andrea Ronzan, Angela Favaro
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests an impact of weight suppression (WS) on severity and course of symptoms in patients with eating disorders (ED), but no study explored also the role of the weight loss speed (WLS) together with WS on the same clinical variables, which is the aim of the present work. METHOD: A mixed cross-sectional and longitudinal cohort study was employed. Four hundred and fourteen patients with anorexia nervosa (AN = 208) or bulimia nervosa (BN = 206) according to DSM-5 criteria were recruited and assessed at referral by means of clinical interviews and self-reported questionnaires...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593595/how-does-food-taste-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-cross-sectional-design-to-investigate-taste-aversion-or-increased-hedonic-valence-of-food-in-eating-disorders
#8
David Garcia-Burgos, Sabine Maglieri, Claus Vögele, Simone Munsch
Background: Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception of and responses to food properties in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) remain largely unknown; both during the course of the illness and compared to healthy populations. It is, therefore, necessary to systematically investigate the gustatory perception and hedonics of taste in patients with AN and BN...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565629/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others
#9
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Cohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
Bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are unique nosological entities. Both show a large variability related to its presentation and severity which involves different therapeutic approaches and the need to individualize the treatment, thus it is indispensable a multidisciplinary approach. Patients with bulimia nervosa may suffer from malnutrition and deficiency states or even excess weight, while in binge eating disorders, it is common overweight or obesity, which determine other comorbidities. Many of the symptoms and complications are associated with compensatory behaviors...
March 7, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565627/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others
#10
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
Eating disorders (ED) are characterized by persistent changes in eating habits that negatively affect a person's health and psychosocial abilities. They are considered psychiatric disorders, highly variable in their presentation and severity, with a huge impact on nutrition, which conditions various therapeutic approaches within a key multidisciplinary context. A group of experts in nutrition, we decided to set up a task force adscribed to the "Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral" (SENPE), which has stated as one of its goals the development of a consensus document to generate a protocol based on the best scientific evidence and professional experience available in order to improve health care in this field...
March 7, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558632/the-impact-of-neural-responses-to-food-cues-following-stress-on-trajectories-of-negative-and-positive-affect-and-binge-eating-in-daily-life
#11
Joseph A Wonderlich, Lauren Breithaupt, James C Thompson, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, Sarah Fischer
Stress and affect have been implicated in the maintenance of binge eating for women with symptoms of bulimia nervosa (BN). Neuroimaging and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) have separately examined how these variables may contribute to eating disorder behavior. Though both methodologies have their own strengths, it's unclear how either methodology might inform the other. This study examined the impact of individual differences in neural reactivity to food cues following acute stress on the trajectories of positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) surrounding binge eating...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546861/emotional-dysregulation-and-attachment-dimensions-in-female-patients-with-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Trpimir Jakovina, Maja Crnković Batista, Andrea RaŽić Pavičić, Iva Žurić Jakovina, Ivan Begovac
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a difference in the dimensions of attachment and difference in emotional regulation between the group of female patients suffering from bulimia nervosa (BN) and the control group. We also wanted to examine whether emotional regulation has a mediating role in the relationship between dimensions of attachment and severity of BN symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 100 female participants from 15 to 25 years of age (M=20...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542211/efficacy-of-a-partial-hospital-programme-for-adults-with-eating-disorders
#13
Tiffany A Brown, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Julie Trim, Tiffany Nakamura, Mary Ellen Trunko, Walter H Kaye
Partial hospital programmes (PHPs) have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs); however, few programmes have examined long-term outcomes across diagnoses, including subtypes of anorexia nervosa (AN). The present study examined the effectiveness of PHP for adult patients (n = 243) with AN-restricting subtype (n = 79), AN binge/purge subtype (n = 46), and bulimia nervosa (n = 118). These patients tended to have long-standing courses of illness (43%, illness duration >7 years) and high levels of psychiatric comorbidity (92...
March 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533964/prelimbic-cortex-deep-brain-stimulation-reduces-binge-size-in-a-chronic-binge-eating-rat-model
#14
Can Sarica, Mazhar Ozkan, Husniye Hacioglu Bay, Umit Sehirli, Filiz Onat, M Ibrahim Ziyal
BACKGROUND: Binge eating (BE) involves the consumption of a large amount of food in a short period of time and a loss of control during the binge episode. It is a key feature of the major subtypes of eating disorders like bulimia nervosa, BE disorder, anorexia nervosa binge/purge type. Alterations in the mesocorticolimbic pathway play a crucial role in its pathophysiology. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that BE rats receiving deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the prelimbic cortex, a functional analog of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in humans, would have a reduced binge size compared with those receiving sham stimulation...
March 13, 2018: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529522/effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-on-the-attentional-bias-to-emotional-stimuli-in-patients-with-bulimia-nervosa
#15
Youl-Ri Kim, Jin-Sup Eom, Jennie Leppanen, Monica Leslie, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by binge eating and emotional dysregulation including increased negative affectivity (anger, anxiety). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of oxytocin on attentional processes towards anger in patients with BN. METHOD: The study design consisted of a double-blind, placebo-controlled within-subject crossover, single dose experiment. Sixty-four women (31 patients with BN and 33 healthy comparisons) completed self-reported measures to evaluate emotional difficulties and were administered a single dose of intranasal oxytocin (40IU) or placebo followed by a visual probe detection task to examine attentional orienting to angry or happy faces...
March 3, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528678/network-analysis-of-pediatric-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-a-treatment-seeking-transdiagnostic-sample
#16
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Markus Moessner, Kelsie T Forbush, Erin C Accurso, Daniel Le Grange
Classifying eating disorders in youth is challenging in light of developmental considerations and high rates of diagnostic migration. Understanding the transactional relationships among eating disorder symptoms, both across the transdiagnostic spectrum and within specific diagnostic categories, may clarify which core eating disorder symptoms contribute to, and maintain, eating-related psychopathology in youth. We utilized network analysis to investigate interrelationships among eating disorder symptoms in 636 treatment-seeking children and adolescents (90...
February 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498331/differential-diagnoses-of-food-related-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-review-of-literature
#17
Inge Ulrike Kress, Georgios Paslakis, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVES: The present review investigates the prevalence and medical causes of food-related gastrointestinal symptoms in eating disorder (ED) patients and recommends a diagnostic algorithm based on the current literature. METHODS: A literature search was conducted, which included publications from January 2000 until January 2017 Results: Over 90% of ED patients suffer from food-related symptoms. There is no evidence for a higher prevalence of immunological or structural gastrointestinal disorders in ED patients compared to the healthy population...
March 2018: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492960/clinical-correlates-of-augmentation-combination-treatment-strategies-in-major-depressive-disorder
#18
M Dold, L Bartova, J Mendlewicz, D Souery, A Serretti, S Porcelli, J Zohar, S Montgomery, S Kasper
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, multinational, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes associated with augmentation/combination treatment strategies in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment features of 1410 adult MDD patients were compared between MDD patients treated with monotherapy and augmentation/combination medication using descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ancova), and Spearman's correlation analyses...
February 28, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489041/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-mental-disorders-a-community-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
Patrizia D Hofer, Karina Wahl, Andrea H Meyer, Marcel Miché, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Shiu F Wong, Jessica R Grisham, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with other mental disorders has been demonstrated repeatedly. Few longitudinal studies, however, have evaluated the temporal association of prior OCD and subsequent mental disorders across the age period of highest risk for first onset of mental disorders. We examined associations between prior OCD and a broad range of subsequent mental disorders and simulated proportions of new onsets of mental disorders that could potentially be attributed to prior OCD, assuming a causal relationship...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488236/distorted-weight-perception-correlates-with-disordered-eating-attitudes-in-kuwaiti-college-women
#20
Dalal Alkazemi, Tasleem A Zafar, Mariam Ebrahim, Stan Kubow
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the presence of disordered eating attitudes and weight perception among young women at body mass index (BMI) values that correspond to underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese weight status. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,147 female undergraduate students (89% Kuwaiti nationals) recruited from Kuwait University through employment of the eating attitude test (EAT-26) together with an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire to determine the prevalence of symptomatology indicative of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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