keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fate protocol

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207000/spatial-transcriptomic-analysis-of-cryosectioned-tissue-samples-with-geo-seq
#1
Jun Chen, Shengbao Suo, Patrick Pl Tam, Jing-Dong J Han, Guangdun Peng, Naihe Jing
Conventional gene expression studies analyze multiple cells simultaneously or single cells, for which the exact in vivo or in situ position is unknown. Although cellular heterogeneity can be discerned when analyzing single cells, any spatially defined attributes that underpin the heterogeneous nature of the cells cannot be identified. Here, we describe how to use Geo-seq, a method that combines laser capture microdissection (LCM) and single-cell RNA-seq technology. The combination of these two methods enables the elucidation of cellular heterogeneity and spatial variance simultaneously...
March 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191772/human-induced-pluripotent-cell-derived-sensory-neurons-for-fate-commitment-of-bone-marrow-derived-schwann-cells-implications-for-remyelination-therapy
#2
Sa Cai, Lei Han, Qiang Ao, Ying-Shing Chan, Daisy Kwok-Yan Shum
Strategies that exploit induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to derive neurons have relied on cocktails of cytokines and growth factors to bias cell-signaling events in the course of fate choice. These are often costly and inefficient, involving multiple steps. In this study, we took an alternative approach and selected 5 small-molecule inhibitors of key signaling pathways in an 8-day program to induce differentiation of human iPSCs into sensory neurons, reaching ≥80% yield in terms of marker proteins. Continuing culture in maintenance medium resulted in neuronal networks immunopositive for synaptic vesicle markers and vesicular glutamate transporters suggestive of excitatory neurotransmission...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191760/directing-differentiation-of-pluripotent-stem-cells-toward-retinal-pigment-epithelium-lineage
#3
Parul Choudhary, Heather Booth, Alex Gutteridge, Beata Surmacz, Irene Louca, Juliette Steer, Julie Kerby, Paul John Whiting
Development of efficient and reproducible conditions for directed differentiation of pluripotent stem cells into specific cell types is important not only to understand early human development but also to enable more practical applications, such as in vitro disease modeling, drug discovery, and cell therapies. The differentiation of stem cells to retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in particular holds promise as a source of cells for therapeutic replacement in age-related macular degeneration. Here we show development of an efficient method for deriving homogeneous RPE populations in a period of 45 days using an adherent, monolayer system and defined xeno-free media and matrices...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191758/preclinical-analysis-of-fetal-human-mesencephalic-neural-progenitor-cell-lines-characterization-and-safety-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Jisook Moon, Sigrid C Schwarz, Hyun-Seob Lee, Jun Mo Kang, Young-Eun Lee, Bona Kim, Mi-Young Sung, Günter Höglinger, Florian Wegner, Jin Su Kim, Hyung-Min Chung, Sung Woon Chang, Kwang Yul Cha, Kwang-Soo Kim, Johannes Schwarz
We have developed a good manufacturing practice for long-term cultivation of fetal human midbrain-derived neural progenitor cells. The generation of human dopaminergic neurons may serve as a tool of either restorative cell therapies or cellular models, particularly as a reference for phenotyping region-specific human neural stem cell lines such as human embryonic stem cells and human inducible pluripotent stem cells. We cultivated 3 different midbrain neural progenitor lines at 10, 12, and 14 weeks of gestation for more than a year and characterized them in great detail, as well as in comparison with Lund mesencephalic cells...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167799/cell-population-structure-prior-to-bifurcation-predicts-efficiency-of-directed-differentiation-in-human-induced-pluripotent-cells
#5
Rhishikesh Bargaje, Kalliopi Trachana, Martin N Shelton, Christopher S McGinnis, Joseph X Zhou, Cora Chadick, Savannah Cook, Christopher Cavanaugh, Sui Huang, Leroy Hood
Steering the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) toward specific cell types is crucial for patient-specific disease modeling and drug testing. This effort requires the capacity to predict and control when and how multipotent progenitor cells commit to the desired cell fate. Cell fate commitment represents a critical state transition or "tipping point" at which complex systems undergo a sudden qualitative shift. To characterize such transitions during iPSC to cardiomyocyte differentiation, we analyzed the gene expression patterns of 96 developmental genes at single-cell resolution...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165731/a-novel-experimental-modeling-approach-to-characterize-perfluorinated-surfactants-in-soils
#6
Denis Courtier-Murias, Eric Michel, Stéphane Rodts, François Lafolie
Soil contamination is still poorly understood and modeled in part due to the difficulties of looking inside the "black box" constituted by soils. Here, we investigated the application of a recently developed 1H NMR technique to 19F NMR relaxometry experiments and utilized the results as inputs for an existing model. This novel approach yields 19F T2 NMR relaxation values of any fluorinated contaminant, which are among the most dangerous ones, allowing us to non-invasively and directly monitor their fate in soils...
February 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163723/activin-a-modulates-cripto-1-hnf4%C3%AE-cells-to-guide-cardiac-differentiation-from-human-embryonic-stem-cells
#7
Robin Duelen, Guillaume Gilbert, Abdulsamie Patel, Nathalie de Schaetzen, Liesbeth De Waele, Llewelyn Roderick, Karin R Sipido, Catherine M Verfaillie, Gunnar M Buyse, Lieven Thorrez, Maurilio Sampaolesi
The use of human pluripotent stem cells in basic and translational cardiac research requires efficient differentiation protocols towards cardiomyocytes. In vitro differentiation yields heterogeneous populations of ventricular-, atrial-, and nodal-like cells hindering their potential applications in regenerative therapies. We described the effect of the growth factor Activin A during early human embryonic stem cell fate determination in cardiac differentiation. Addition of high levels of Activin A during embryoid body cardiac differentiation augmented the generation of endoderm derivatives, which in turn promoted cardiomyocyte differentiation...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154867/single-cell-laden-protease-sensitive-microniches-for-long-term-culture-in-3d
#8
Philipp S Lienemann, Torsten Rossow, Angelo S Mao, Queralt Vallmajo-Martin, Martin Ehrbar, David J Mooney
Single cell-laden three-dimensional (3D) microgels that can serve to mimic stem cell niches in vitro, and are therefore termed microniches, can be efficiently fabricated by droplet-based microfluidics. In this technique an aqueous polymer solution along with a highly diluted cell solution is injected into a microfluidic device to create monodisperse pre-microgel droplets that are then solidified by a polymer crosslinking reaction to obtain monodisperse single cell-laden microniches. However, problems limiting this approach studying the fate of single cells include Poisson encapsulation statistics that result in mostly empty microniches, and cells egressing from the microniches during subsequent cell culture...
February 3, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143895/raman-spectroscopic-imaging-of-human-macrophages-incubated-with-triglyceride-enriched-oxldl-visualizes-translocation-of-lipids-between-endocytic-vesicles-and-lipid-droplets
#9
Clara Stiebing, Lisa Schmoelz, Maria Wallert, Christian Matthaeus, Stefan Lorkowski, Juergen Popp
Raman spectroscopic imaging was used to investigate the uptake of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) by human macrophages. To better understand the receptor-mediated pathway and the intracellular fate of modified lipoproteins is of foremost interest with regard to the development of atherosclerotic plaques. To obtain information on the storage process of lipids caused by oxLDL uptake, Raman spectroscopic imaging was used because of its unique chemical specificity, especially for lipids. For the present study, a protocol was established to incorporate deuterated tripalmitate into oxLDL...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132888/differentiation-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-to-mammary-like-organoids
#10
Ying Qu, Bingchen Han, Bowen Gao, Shikha Bose, Yiping Gong, Kolja Wawrowsky, Armando E Giuliano, Dhruv Sareen, Xiaojiang Cui
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can give rise to multiple cell types and hold great promise in regenerative medicine and disease-modeling applications. We have developed a reliable two-step protocol to generate human mammary-like organoids from iPSCs. Non-neural ectoderm-cell-containing spheres, referred to as mEBs, were first differentiated and enriched from iPSCs using MammoCult medium. Gene expression profile analysis suggested that mammary gland function-associated signaling pathways were hallmarks of 10-day differentiated mEBs...
February 14, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125881/microplastic-exposure-assessment-in-aquatic-environments-learning-from-similarities-and-differences-to-engineered-nanoparticles
#11
Thorsten Hüffer, Antonia Praetorius, Stephan Wagner, Frank Von Der Kammer, Thilo Hofmann
Microplastics (MPs) have been identified as contaminants of emerging concern in aquatic environments and research into their behavior and fate has been sharply increasing in recent years. Nevertheless, significant gaps remain in our understanding of several crucial aspects of MP exposure and risk assessment, including the quantification of emissions, dominant fate processes, types of analytical tools required for characterization and monitoring, and adequate laboratory protocols for analysis and hazard testing...
January 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118409/epigenetic-landscape-of-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-genome-in-classic-kaposi-s-sarcoma-tissues
#12
Rui Sun, Xiaohua Tan, Xing Wang, Xiaodong Wang, Lei Yang, Erle S Robertson, Ke Lan
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically related to Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD). It typically displays two different phases in its life cycle, the default latency and occasional lytic replication. The epigenetic modifications are thought to determine the fate of KSHV infection. Previous studies elegantly depicted epigenetic landscape of latent viral genome in in vitro cell culture systems. However, the physiologically relevant scenario in clinical KS tissue samples is unclear...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107664/safety-and-efficacy-of-cardiopoietic-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-post-infarction-left-ventricular-dysfunction-from-cardioprotection-to-functional-repair-in-a-translational-pig-infarction-model
#13
Maximilian Y Emmert, Petra Wolint, Andras Jakab, Sean P Sheehy, Francesco S Pasqualini, Thi Dan Linh Nguyen, Monika Hilbe, Burkhardt Seifert, Benedikt Weber, Chad E Brokopp, Dominika Macejovska, Etem Caliskan, Arnold von Eckardstein, Ruth Schwartlander, Viola Vogel, Volkmar Falk, Kevin Kit Parker, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Simon P Hoerstrup
To date, clinical success of cardiac cell-therapies remains limited. To enhance the cardioreparative properties of stem cells, the concept of lineage-specification through cardiopoietic-guidance has been recently suggested. However, so far, only results from murine studies and from a clinical pilot-trial in chronic heart-failure (CHF) are available, while systematic evidence of its therapeutic-efficacy is still lacking. Importantly, also no data from large animals or for other indications are available. Therefore, we here investigate the therapeutic-efficacy of human cardiopoietic stem cells in the treatment of post-infarction LV-dysfunction using a translational pig-model...
November 23, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102836/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-dosimetry-of-dispersed-engineered-nanomaterials
#14
Glen M DeLoid, Joel M Cohen, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Philip Demokritou
Evidence continues to grow of the importance of in vitro and in vivo dosimetry in the hazard assessment and ranking of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). Accurate dose metrics are particularly important for in vitro cellular screening to assess the potential health risks or bioactivity of ENMs. To ensure meaningful and reproducible quantification of in vitro dose, with consistent measurement and reporting between laboratories, it is necessary to adopt standardized and integrated methodologies for (i) generation of stable ENM suspensions in cell culture media; (ii) colloidal characterization of suspended ENMs, particularly of properties that determine particle kinetics in an in vitro system (size distribution and formed agglomerate effective density); and (iii) robust numerical fate and transport modeling for accurate determination of the ENM dose delivered to cells over the course of the in vitro exposure...
February 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065310/analysis-of-postcytokinetic-roles-of-cytokinetic-components-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#15
Y Chai, D Tian, W Li, G Ou
Cytokinesis requires the interplay between the cytoskeleton and plasma membrane. Emerging evidence indicates that some cytokinetic components are essential for the postcytokinetic events such as epithelium organization and neural development. We have recently developed live cell imaging and conditional knockout techniques to visualize cytokinetic proteins in Caenorhabditis elegans Q neuroblasts and separate their postcytokinetic functions from cytokinetic ones. Here we describe how the fluorescent reporter strains and conditional knockout C...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063600/rna-in-situ-hybridization-characterization-of-non-enzymatic-derived-bovine-intervertebral-disc-cell-lineages-suggests-progenitor-cell-potential
#16
Petra Kraus, Rachel Yerden, Victoria Kocsis, Thomas Lufkin
Degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is a meritorious target for therapeutic cell based regenerative medicine approaches, however, controversy over what defines the precise identity of mature IVD cells and lack of single cell based quality control measures is of concern. Bos taurus and human IVDs are histologically more similar than is Mus musculus. The mature bovine IVD is well suited as model system for technology development to be translated into therapeutic cell based regenerative medicine applications...
January 4, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060340/reprogramming-mouse-embryonic-fibroblasts-with-transcription-factors-to-induce-a-hemogenic-program
#17
Michael G Daniel, Carlos-Filipe Pereira, Jeffrey M Bernitz, Ihor R Lemischka, Kateri Moore
This protocol details the induction of a hemogenic program in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) via overexpression of transcription factors (TFs). We first designed a reporter screen using MEFs from human CD34-tTA/TetO-H2BGFP (34/H2BGFP) double transgenic mice. CD34(+) cells from these mice label H2B histones with GFP, and cease labeling upon addition of doxycycline (DOX). MEFS were transduced with candidate TFs and then observed for the emergence of GFP(+) cells that would indicate the acquisition of a hematopoietic or endothelial cell fate...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060261/study-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-and-mitochondria-interactions-by-in-situ-proximity-ligation-assay-in-fixed-cells
#18
Emily Tubbs, Jennifer Rieusset
Structural interactions between the endoplasmic reticular (ER) and mitochondrial membranes, in domains known as mitochondria-associated membranes (MAM), are crucial hubs for cellular signaling and cell fate. Particularly, these inter-organelle contact sites allow the transfer of calcium from the ER to mitochondria through the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC)/glucose-regulated protein 75 (GRP75)/inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor (IP3R) calcium channeling complex. While this subcellular compartment is under intense investigation in both physiological and pathological conditions, no simple and sensitive method exists to quantify the endogenous amount of ER-mitochondria contact in cells...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013130/biosynthesis-of-uniformly-labeled-13-c-and-14-c-arachidonic-acid-in-mortierella-alpina
#19
Jin V Lee, Ran Furman, Paul H Axelsen
Arachidonic acid (ARA) is one of the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the mammalian brain. Many enzymatically- and nonenzymatically-produced metabolic products have important and potent pharmacological properties. However, uniformly isotope labeled forms of ARA are not commercially available for studying the metabolic fates of ARA. This study describes a simple and efficient protocol for the biosynthesis of U-(13)C-ARA from U-(13)C-glucose, and U-(14)C-ARA from U-(14)C-glucose by Mortierella alpina...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965839/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychopathology-in-relatives-of-missing-persons-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Ineke Wessel, Jos de Keijser, Paul A Boelen
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that the grieving process of relatives of missing persons is complicated by having to deal with uncertainty about the fate of their loved one. We developed a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with mindfulness that focuses on dealing with this uncertainty. In this article, we elucidate the rationale of a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) for testing the feasibility and potential effectiveness of this CBT for reducing symptoms of psychopathology in relatives of missing persons...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
keyword
keyword
59623
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"