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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907146/are-women-with-history-of-pre-eclampsia-starting-a-new-pregnancy-in-good-nutritional-status-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#1
Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H Seuc, James M Roberts, José M Belizán, G Justus Hofmeyr
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status and dietary intake during pregnancy in high-risk women from South Africa and Zimbabwe. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, nested to the CAP trial. Anthropometric measurements before and during pregnancy and dietary intake using 24-h recall during pregnancy were assessed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890817/nonshaved-ear-surgery-effect-of-hair-on-surgical-site-infection-of-the-middle-ear-mastoid-surgery-and-patients-preference-for-the-hair-removal
#2
Dong-Hee Lee, Soonil Yoo, Eunhye Shin, Yesun Cho
Background and Objectives: This study aimed 1) to compare the rates of surgical site infection (SSI) between two groups with and without preoperative hair shaving, 2) to compare the bacterial colonization just before the skin incision between them, and 3) to evaluate people's preference for the hair shaving. Subjects and Methods: The retrospective study enrolled cases in which middle ear and mastoid surgery was performed with as well as without hair removal. Main measurement outcomes were the SSI rate within 3 months following the surgery, bacterial culture results obtained from the incision area just before the skin incision, and questionnaire to evaluate the preference for hair shaving from patients with chronic suppurative otitis media but without experience with the ear surgery...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852040/association-of-the-gutta-induced-microenvironment-with-corneal-endothelial-cell-behavior-and-demise-in-fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy
#3
Viridiana Kocaba, Kishore Reddy Katikireddy, Ilene Gipson, Marianne O Price, Francis W Price, Ula V Jurkunas
Importance: The number and size of guttae increase over time in Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD); however, the association between these physical parameters and disease pathogenesis is unclear. Objective: To determine the role of guttae in corneal endothelial cell function. Design, Settings, and Participants: In an in vitro model, cells from a human corneal endothelial cell line, HCENC-21T, were seeded on decellularized normal (n = 30) and FECD (n = 70) endothelial basement (Descemet) membranes (DMs)...
May 31, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850642/radiation-effects-of-mobile-phones-and-tablets-on-the-skin-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A Keykhosravi, M Neamatshahi, R Mahmoodi, E Navipour
Background: Skin health has become a worldwide concern. Most of the studies investigated the effect of mobile phone radiation on DNA and animals, but a few studies were carried out about skin diseases in mobile phone and tablet users. Few systematic studies have examined the relationship between mobile phone exposure and skin diseases. Methods: We evaluated the association between mobile phones and tablets and skin diseases. We checked databases including PubMed, Scopus, Springer, Cochrane, and Google Scholar from 1995 to 2013...
2018: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847467/retrospective-analysis-of-hearing-impaired-adult-patients-treated-with-an-active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant
#5
Tobias Rader, Timo Stöver, Thomas Lenarz, Hannes Maier, Thomas Zahnert, Thomas Beleites, Rudolf Hagen, Robert Mlynski, Wolf Dieter Baumgartner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the therapeutic success and safety of an active transcutaneous bone conduction implant (tBCI) in adult patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Five university hospitals in Frankfurt, Hannover, Dresden, Würzburg, and Vienna. PATIENTS: Data were analyzed from 61 patients (31 women, 30 men) with a mean age of 50 years (min. 26, max. 80). Forty patients had mixed, and 21 conductive hearing loss...
May 24, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798311/-the-comparison-of-clinical-features-and-laboratory-indexes-between-flat-descending-hearing-loss-and-total-hearing-loss
#6
R L Wang, D M Zhang
Objective: To discuss similarities and differences in clinical features and laboratory indexes between patients with flat descending type sudden hearing loss and those with total hearing loss. Method: The clinical data of 123 patients with full frequencies hearing loss were retrospectively analyzed. The differences in clinical features and laboratory tests(platelet, coagulation series, D-dimer, blood lipids, hemorheology) between patients with flat descending hearing loss and those with total hearing loss were analyzed by gender, age and ear side, treatment time, concomitant symptom (tinnitus, dizziness), original underlying diseases (hypertension, diabetes), etc...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794547/constipation-in-critical-care-patients-both-timing-and-duration-matter
#7
Dominique Prat, Jonathan Messika, Maude Millereux, Corentin Gouezel, Olfa Hamzaoui, Nadège Demars, Frédéric Jacobs, Pierre Trouiller, Jean-Damien Ricard, Benjamin Sztrymf
OBJECTIVE: Most of the studies have defined constipation as a period without stool after ICU admission. We aimed to test the impact of both duration and timing of infrequent defecation in critical care patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, bi-center, observational study. Patients were divided into three subgroups: 'not constipated', '3-5 days', and 'at least 6 days' (longest period without stool passage, respectively, shorter than 3 days, 3-5 days, and ≥6 days)...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757562/-effect-observation-of-cleaning-up-the-external-auditory-canal-by-otoendoscope-combined-with-clotrimazole-ointment-in-the-treatment-of-pregnancy-with-otitis-externa-mycotica
#8
Xian Mei Wei, Ling Lu, Xia Gao
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of cleaning up the external auditory canal under otoendoscope combined with Clotrimazole Ointment in the treatment of pregnancy with otitis externa mycotica. Method: From May 2015 to May 2017,16 cases of pregnant patients(19 ears)with otitis externa mycotica were divided into two groups:pure cleaning up group and cleaning up combined with medication group.In the pure cleaning up group,external auditory canal were only cleaned up under otoendoscope conventionally in 9 patients(11 ears),while in the cleaning up combined with medication group,Clotrimazole Ointment was topically applied after cleaning up the external auditory canal under otoendoscope in 7 patients(8 ears)...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756346/evaluation-and-treatment-of-pulsatile-tinnitus-associated-with-sigmoid-sinus-wall-anomalies
#9
David J Eisenman, Prashant Raghavan, Ronna Hertzano, Robert Morales
OBJECTIVE: Describe clinical and radiographic features of sigmoid sinus wall anomalies (SSWA) associated with pulsatile tinnitus (PT) and determine factors predictive of response to surgery. METHODS: Preoperative diagnostic imaging and treatment response were reviewed after surgical repair of 40 ears among 38 consecutive patients presenting with PT associated with SSWA who underwent transtemporal sinus wall reconstruction. RESULTS: Twenty-three ears had isolated sigmoid sinus dehiscence, and 17 had diverticulum...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750126/vitamin-d-intake-among-premenopausal-women-living-in-jeddah-food-sources-and-relationship-to-demographic-factors-and-bone-health
#10
Tahani A Zareef, Robert T Jackson, Abdulkareem A Alkahtani
Background: Saudi women depend on food sources to maintain their serum 25(OH) D concentrations because covering by traditional clothing and time spent indoors limit their sun exposure. Little is known about vitamin D intake and its main food sources in Saudi Arabia. In addition, the association between vitamin D and calcium intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in young women is not well researched. Objectives: To assess the adequacy of vitamin D intake among Saudi women as compared to the estimated average requirements (EARs), to identify dietary vitamin D sources, to examine potential determinants of vitamin D intake, and to assess bone health and the association of calcium and vitamin D intake with BMD...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743779/hearing-threshold-status-and-risk-estimate-of-hearing-impairment-among-administrative-workforce
#11
Joydeep Majumder, Ramanlal C Patel, Sanjay Kotadiya, Priyanka Shah
Background: Administrative workers working in quieter environment workplace are considered unaffected by noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Aim: To create a baseline data of the administrative workers so as to monitor them with prospective years of exposure with the hypothesis that workers working in the administrative jobs may not be affected by NIHL. Settings and Design: The study was conducted among men and women administrative workers working in an office in Ahmedabad city, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742557/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-sclerosing-features-an-uncommon-and-potentially-aggressive-variant
#12
Shira Ronen, Alejandro A Gru, Mary M Noland, David M Rowe, Mark R Wick
Sclerosing squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), also known as "desmoplastic" SCC, is a rare subtype of cutaneous malignancy. This variant is clinically significant because it is associated with an increased risk of local recurrence and metastasis. We herein present 16 examples of sclerotic SCC of the skin in 8 men and 3 women, with a median age of 66 years. The most common site of origin for this tumor is the skin of the head and neck, including the scalp (5 tumors in 2 different patients), forehead (3 cases), nasal ala (2 cases), neck (2 cases in the same patient), ear (2 cases), cheek (1 case), and chest (1 case)...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740979/otoplasty-techniques-in-children-a-comparative-study-of-outcomes
#13
Puvesh Punj, Hsu Phie Chong, Thomas P Cundy, Michelle Lodge, Roger Woods
BACKGROUND: Numerous otoplasty techniques have been described in the literature to correct prominent ears; however, few have focused on the complication rates. We reviewed our experience aiming to assess peri-operative care requirements and complication rates. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective review of 207 otoplasty procedures performed in 119 patients over a 5-year period (2009-2014) at the Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide. Information pertaining to demographic details, length of stay, otoplasty technique and complications (early and late) were obtained...
May 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727219/brachial-artery-endothelial-function-is-stable-across-a-menstrual-and-oral-contraceptive-pill-cycle-but-lower-in-premenopausal-women-than-age-matched-men
#14
Ninette Shenouda, Stacey E Priest, Vanessa I Rizzuto, Maureen J MacDonald
Sex hormone concentrations differ between men, premenopausal women with natural menstrual cycles (NAT), and premenopausal women using oral contraceptive pills (OCP), as well as across menstrual or OCP phases. This study sought to investigate how differences in sex hormones, particularly estradiol, between men and women and across cycle phases, may influence brachial artery endothelial function. Fifty-three healthy adults (22{plus minus}3 yrs; 20 men, 15 NAT, 18 second, third or fourth generation OCP) underwent assessments of sex hormones and endothelial (flow-mediated dilation test, FMD) and smooth muscle (nitroglycerin test, NTG) function...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720579/congenital-esophageal-atresia-and-microtia-in-a-newborn-secondary-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-exposure-during-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Musaed Mohammed Alsebayel, Faisal Abdulrahman Abaalkhail, Faisal Mohammed Alsebayel, Dema A Alissa, Ahmed Hamdan Al-Jedai, Hussien Elsiesy
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs to prevent organ transplant rejection in combination with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids. It has a different toxicity profile than tacrolimus and cyclosporine.  Gastrointestinal tract disturbances are the most common adverse effects. The use of MMF in pregnant women, however, holds great risk of miscarriage and fetal development defects such as external ear malformation, ocular anomalies, cleft lip and palate, and abnormality of distal limbs, heart, esophagus, and kidneys...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712782/activity-in-human-auditory-cortex-represents-spatial-separation-between-concurrent-sounds
#16
Martha M Shiell, Lars Hausfeld, Elia Formisano
The primary and posterior auditory cortex (AC) are known for their sensitivity to spatial information, but how this information is processed is not yet understood. AC that is sensitive to spatial manipulations is also modulated by the number of auditory streams present in a scene (Smith et al., 2010), suggesting that spatial and nonspatial cues are integrated for stream segregation. We reasoned that, if this is the case, then it is the distance between sounds rather than their absolute positions that is essential...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710267/association-between-cystatin-c-and-20-year-cumulative-incidence-of-hearing-impairment-in-the-epidemiology-of-hearing-loss-study
#17
Carla R Schubert, Adam J Paulsen, David M Nondahl, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fischer, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Ted S Tweed, Karen J Cruickshanks
Importance: Hearing impairment (HI) is one of the most common conditions affecting older adults. Identification of factors associated with the development of HI may lead to ways to reduce the incidence of this condition. Objective: To investigate the association between cystatin C, both as an independent biomarker and as a marker of kidney function, and the 20-year incidence of HI. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were obtained from the Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study (EHLS), a longitudinal, population-based study in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin...
April 26, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710132/association-of-behavior-with-noise-induced-hearing-loss-among-attendees-of-an-outdoor-music-festival-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, J J C M van Munster, G A van Zanten
Importance: To date, factors associated with noise-induced hearing loss at music festivals have not yet been analyzed in a single comprehensive data set. In addition, little is known about the hearing loss-associated behavior of music festival attendees. Objectives: To assess which factors are associated with the occurrence of a temporary threshold shift (TTS) after music exposure and to investigate the behavior of music festival attendees. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective post hoc analysis gathered data from a randomized, single-blind clinical trial conducted on September 5, 2015, at an outdoor music festival in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
April 19, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675082/susac-s-syndrome-retinocochleocerebral-vasculopathy-follow-up-of-a-pediatric-patient
#19
Zeynep Selen Karalok, Birce Dilge Taskin, Alev Guven, Cemile Atilgan Ucgul, Omer Faruk Aydin
Susac's syndrome (SS) is a triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), and sensorineural hearing loss as a result of microvascular occlusions of the brain, retina, and inner ear. It is also a disorder of autoimmune endotheliopathy. SS usually affects young women between the age of 20 and 40 years. SS can be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) because of similar findings. A 15-year-old girl presented in June 2015 with vomiting and severe headache...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673835/effects-of-ovarian-reserve-and-hormone-therapy-on-hearing-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jingfei Zhang, Tingyue Zhang, Lisheng Yu, Qianying Ruan, Lingxue Yin, Dong Liu, Haicheng Zhang, Wenpei Bai, Zhenghong Ren
OBJECTIVES: To observe the hearing function around menopause, to analyze the effects of ovarian reserve and hormone therapy on hearing, and to study factors related to hearing loss among women around menopause. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 109 women around menopause aged 45-55 years, including 40 women with ovarian failure, 48 with ovarian non-failure, and 21 receiving hormone therapy. All women underwent an audiologic evaluation, and hormone blood testing was performed...
May 2018: Maturitas
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