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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329568/localized-cutaneous-argyria-report-of-two-patients-and-literature-review
#1
Bryce David Beutler, Robert A Lee, Philip R Cohen
BackgroundLocalized cutaneous argyria is a rare skin condition caused by direct contact with silver or silver particles. It presents as asymptomatic gray or blue-gray macules that appear similar to blue nevi. Histologic features include brown-colored or black-colored silver granules in the basement membrane and dermis, most commonly surrounding eccrine glands, elastic fibers, and collagen fibrils. The condition is most frequently observed in individuals who are regularly exposed to small silver particles, such as silversmiths and welders...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328735/building-workforce-capacity-abroad-while-strengthening-global-health-programs-at-home-participation-of-seven-harvard-affiliated-institutions-in-a-health-professional-training-initiative-in-rwanda
#2
Corrado Cancedda, Robert Riviello, Kim Wilson, Kirstin W Scott, Meenu Tuteja, Jane R Barrow, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Gene Bukhman, Jennifer Scott, Danny Milner, Giuseppe Raviola, Barbara Weissman, Stacy Smith, Tej Nuthulaganti, Craig D McClain, Barbara E Bierer, Paul E Farmer, Anne E Becker, Agnes Binagwaho, Joseph Rhatigan, David E Golan
A consortium of 22 U.S. academic institutions is currently participating in the Rwanda Human Resources for Health Program (HRH Program). Led by the Rwandan Ministry of Health and funded by both the U.S. Government and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the primary goal of this seven-year initiative is to help Rwanda train the number of health professionals necessary to reach the country's health workforce targets. Since 2012, the participating U.S. academic institutions have deployed faculty from a variety of health-related disciplines and clinical specialties to Rwanda...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325532/effectiveness-of-binaural-beats-in-reducing-preoperative-dental-anxiety
#3
B K Isik, A Esen, B Büyükerkmen, A Kilinç, D Menziletoglu
Binaural beats are an auditory illusion perceived when two different pure-tone sine waves are presented one to each ear at a steady intensity and frequency. We evaluated their effectiveness in reducing preoperative anxiety in dentistry. Sixty patients (30 in each group) who were to have impacted third molars removed were studied (experimental group: 20 women and 10 men, mean (range) age 24 (18-35) years, and control group: 22 women and 8 men, mean (range) age 28 (15-47) years). All patients were fully informed about the operation preoperatively, and their anxiety recorded on a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 18, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293505/accurate-measurements-of-the-skin-surface-area-of-the-healthy-auricle-and-skin-deficiency-in-microtia-patients
#4
Iris A Otto, Rob F M van Doremalen, Ferry P W Melchels, Michail N Kolodzynski, Behdad Pouran, Jos Malda, Moshe Kon, Corstiaan C Breugem
BACKGROUND: The limited cranial skin covering auricular implants is an important yet underrated factor in auricular reconstruction for both reconstruction surgery and tissue engineering strategies. We report exact measurements on skin deficiency in microtia patients and propose an accessible preoperative method for these measurements. METHODS: Plaster ear models (n = 11; male:female = 2:1) of lobular-type microtia patients admitted to the University Medical Center Utrecht in The Netherlands were scanned using a micro-computed tomographic scanner or a cone-beam computed tomographic scanner...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291987/evaluation-of-hearing-sensitivity-in-young-adults-with-normal-hearing-using-a-40-hz-auditory-steady-state-response-with-ce-chirp
#5
Hidehiko Maeda, Eiko Tamashige, Narumi Iwasaki, Daisuke Urano, Ayaka Kanazawa
Purpose: The present study aimed to measure hearing sensitivity in young adults with normal hearing using a 40-Hz auditory steady-state response with CE-Chirp and to evaluate the speed and accuracy of this method. Method: Twelve young adults (1 man, 11 women; mean age = 22.1 ± 3.1 years) each completed two auditory steady-state response measurement sessions with CE-Chirp. The difference score was calculated at each of the four pure-tone frequencies. The measurement time and residual noise level in all stimulus levels were also determined...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283126/environmental-heat-stress-among-young-working-women-a-pilot-study
#6
Juma Rahman, S H M Fakhruddin, A K M Fazlur Rahman, M A Halim
BACKGROUND: Heat waves are increasing significantly in frequency and severity and threaten the health and income of outdoor workers. Pregnant women workers are particularly at risk due to their delicate physiological systems and accountabilities to future generations. Animal and human studies propose that elevated body temperatures during pregnancy can induce adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To measure the change in internal body temperature (Tcore) in young working women before, after, and during work (both outdoor and indoor) on hot humid days and relate threshold temperature to the upshot adverse effects of pregnancy (teratogenicity and related miscarriage)...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282932/iodine-and-selenium-intakes-of-postmenopausal-women-in-new-zealand
#7
Louise Brough, Caroline A Gunn, Janet L Weber, Jane Coad, Ying Jin, Jasmine S Thomson, Mathilde Mauze, Marlena C Kruger
Iodine and selenium are required for thyroid function. This study investigated iodine and selenium intakes in healthy, women aged 50-70 years (n = 97) from three cities in the North Island of New Zealand, after mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt. Iodine and selenium concentrations were determined in 24-h urine samples; daily intakes were extrapolated from amounts in urine (90% and 55% of daily intake, respectively). Three day diet diaries (3DDD) also estimated selenium and iodine (excluding iodised salt) intake...
March 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282792/effects-of-kinesio-taping-and-exercise-on-forward-head-posture
#8
Hsu-Sheng Shih, Shu-Shi Chen, Su-Chun Cheng, Hsun-Wen Chang, Pei-Rong Wu, Jin-Shiou Yang, Yi-Shuang Lee, Jui-Yi Tsou
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of Kinesio taping and therapeutic exercise on correcting forward head posture. OBJECTIVE: To compare Kinesio taping versus therapeutic exercise for forward head posture on static posture, dynamic mobility and functional outcomes. METHODS: Sixty subjects (31 women, 29 men) with forward head postures participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to either one of the three groups: (1) exercise group (n = 20), (2) taping group (n = 20), and (3) control groups (n = 20)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281692/ibuprofen-results-in-alterations-of-human-fetal-testis-development
#9
Millissia Ben Maamar, Laurianne Lesné, Kristin Hennig, Christèle Desdoits-Lethimonier, Karen R Kilcoyne, Isabelle Coiffec, Antoine D Rolland, Cécile Chevrier, David M Kristensen, Vincent Lavoué, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Bruno Le Bizec, Nathalie Dejucq-Rainsford, Rod T Mitchell, Séverine Mazaud-Guittot, Bernard Jégou
Among pregnant women ibuprofen is one of the most frequently used pharmaceutical compounds with up to 28% reporting use. Regardless of this, it remains unknown whether ibuprofen could act as an endocrine disruptor as reported for fellow analgesics paracetamol and aspirin. To investigate this, we exposed human fetal testes (7-17 gestational weeks (GW)) to ibuprofen using ex vivo culture and xenograft systems. Ibuprofen suppressed testosterone and Leydig cell hormone INSL3 during culture of 8-9 GW fetal testes with concomitant reduction in expression of the steroidogenic enzymes CYP11A1, CYP17A1 and HSD17B3, and of INSL3...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240820/structural-equation-modeling-of-associations-among-taste-related-risk-factors-taste-functioning-and-adiposity
#10
Shristi Rawal, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Howard J Hoffman, Helen Swede, Valerie B Duffy
OBJECTIVE: Variation in taste perception and exposure to risk factors of taste alterations have been independently linked with elevated adiposity. Using a laboratory database, taste-adiposity associations were modeled and examined for whether taste functioning mediates the association between taste-related risk factors and adiposity. METHODS: Healthy women (n = 407, 35.5 ± 16.9 y) self-reported histories of risk factors of altered taste functioning (tonsillectomy, multiple ear infections, head trauma) and were assessed for taste functioning (tongue-tip and whole-mouth intensities of quinine and salt) and density of taste papillae...
February 27, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239560/risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-among-adults-with-diabetes-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#11
Kathleen E Bainbridge, Catherine C Cowie, Franklyn Gonzalez, Howard J Hoffman, Elizabeth Dinces, Jeremiah Stamler, Karen J Cruickshanks
AIM: The aim was to examine risk factors for hearing impairment among Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. METHODS: Findings are based on 3384 participants aged 18-76 years with diagnosed or previously undetected diabetes who completed audiometric testing as part of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. We defined hearing impairment as the pure-tone average (PTA) >25 decibels hearing level [dB HL] of pure-tone thresholds at high frequencies (3000, 4000, 6000, and 8000 Hz) in the worse ear and defined a second hearing impairment outcome with the additional requirement of PTA >25 dB HL of low/mid-frequency (500, 1000, and 2000 Hz) thresholds in the worse ear...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231274/early-skin-to-skin-contact-after-cesarean-section-a-randomized-clinical-pilot-study
#12
Martina Kollmann, Lisa Aldrian, Anna Scheuchenegger, Eva Mautner, Sereina A Herzog, Berndt Urlesberger, Reinhard B Raggam, Uwe Lang, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Philipp Klaritsch
OBJECTIVE: Early bonding by skin-to-skin contact (SSC) has been demonstrated to be beneficial for mothers and newborns following vaginal delivery. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of intraoperative bonding (early SSC) after cesarean section on neonatal adaptation, maternal pain and stress response. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, randomized-controlled pilot study was performed at a single academic tertiary hospital (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Austria) between September 2013 and January 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217403/hearing-loss-and-quality-of-life-qol-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-adults
#13
N Duong, P Torre, G Springer, C Cox, M W Plankey
OBJECTIVE: Research has established that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes hearing loss. Studies have yet to evaluate the impact on quality of life (QOL). This project evaluates the effect of hearing loss on QOL by HIV status. METHODS: The study participants were from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) and the Women's Interagency HIV study (WIHS). A total of 248 men and 127 women participated. Pure-tone air conduction thresholds were collected for each ear at frequencies from 250 through 8000 Hz...
December 2016: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215376/hearing-related-health-among-adult-american-indians-from-a-pacific-northwest-tribe
#14
Kapuaolaokalaniakea Gellert, William Hal Martin, Jodi A Lapidus, Leslie Wosnig, Thomas M Becker
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss and tinnitus are common in most populations, although few data have addressed hearing-related health among tribal members and the need for public health interventions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined prevalence and risk factors for hearing loss and tinnitus among 217 adults in a Pacific Northwest tribe. Frequency measures were conducted for difficulty hearing certain sounds and hearing aid use. In 2006, risk factors were examined for two outcomes-hearing loss and tinnitus-with analysis conducted in the same year...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215206/iodine-intakes-and-status-in-irish-adults-is-there-cause-for-concern
#15
Breige A McNulty, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Christina Tlustos, Michael J Gibney
I is an important mineral for health, required for the production of key thyroid hormones, which are essential for cellular metabolism, growth and physical development. Hence, adequate I is crucial at all stages of life, but imperative during pregnancy for fetal brain development and during a child's early life for neurodevelopment. Within Ireland, limited information exists on population I intakes and status. Therefore, the purposes of the present analysis were to estimate dietary I intakes and to analyse urinary iodine (UI) status using the cross-sectional National Adult Nutrition Survey 2008-2010 and the most recent Irish Total Diet Study...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207625/a-three-dimensional-geometric-morphometric-study-to-quantify-temporal-bone-growth-and-its-consequences-for-the-success-of-implanting-bone-anchored-hearing-devices
#16
Sebastian Schilde, Stefan K Plontke, Torsten Rahne
OBJECTIVE: A computed tomography (CT)-based morphological-investigation to describe temporal bone growth and to devise a predictive test of the likely success of Bonebridge implantation into the growing mastoid region of the temporal bone in young patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: University Hospital Halle (Saale), Germany. PATIENTS: Two cohorts participated. This first, of patients aged less than 21 years, comprised 42 men, and 33 women patients...
February 15, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192382/endoscopic-management-of-middle-ear-paragangliomas-a-case-series
#17
Daniel E Killeen, Cameron C Wick, Jacob B Hunter, Alejandro Rivas, George B Wanna, João Flávio Nogueira, Joe Walter Kutz, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic middle ear paraganglioma (glomus tympanicum) resection. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Multi-institutional tertiary university medical centers. PATIENTS: Adult patients with middle ear paragangliomas treated via a transcanal endoscopic approach from 1/2012 to 11/2015. INTERVENTION: All tumors were initially approached via a transcanal endoscopic technique...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192381/plasmacytoma-of-the-temporal-bone-a-great-imitator-report-of-seven-cases-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#18
Alex D Sweeney, Jacob B Hunter, S Vincent Rajkumar, John I Lane, Dragan Jevremovic, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical presentation, radiological features, and outcome of patients with plasmacytoma of the temporal bone. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective case series of all patients diagnosed with plasmacytoma of the temporal bone between 1990 and 2015. Comprehensive literature review of all previously published cases. RESULTS: A total of seven patients (average age, 57.3 yr; 57% women) met inclusion criteria. Three (43%) had a known history of multiple myeloma (MM)...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#19
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182173/evaluation-of-retinal-changes-using-optical-coherence-tomography-in-a-pediatric-case-of-susac-syndrome
#20
Mehmet Kola, Hidayet Erdöl, Sevil Ertuğrul Atasoy, Adem Türk
Susac syndrome is a rare occlusive vasculopathy affecting the retina, inner ear and brain. The cause is unknown, although it generally affects young women. This syndrome can be difficult to diagnose because its signs can only be revealed by detailed examination. These signs are not always concomitant, but may appear at different times. This report describes a pediatric case who was diagnosed with Susac syndrome when retinal lesions were identified in the inactive period with the help of optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
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