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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816002/maternal-body-mass-index-relation-with-infant-respiratory-symptoms-and-infections
#1
Ashley Rajappan, Anna Pearce, Hazel M Inskip, Janis Baird, Sarah R Crozier, Cyrus Cooper, Keith M Godfrey, Graham Roberts, Jane S A Lucas, Katharine C Pike
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is increasingly prevalent in many westernized countries. Many studies report associations between maternal obesity and childhood wheeze or asthma but few have considered maternal obesity in relation to respiratory infections or symptoms other than wheeze during infancy. This study assesses the relationship between maternal BMI and reported wheeze, cough and respiratory infections during the first year of life. METHODS: In 2799 mother-child pairs, we examined the relations between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and pregnancy weight gain and reported offspring wheeze, prolonged cough, lower respiratory tract infection, croup, and ear infection before age 1 year, along with reported diarrhea or vomiting...
August 16, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750130/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-children-9-to-11-years-old-the-generation-r-study
#2
Carlijn M P le Clercq, Gijs van Ingen, Liesbet Ruytjens, André Goedegebure, Henriette A Moll, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Rob J Baatenburg de Jong, Marc P van der Schroeff
Importance: Hearing loss (HL), a major cause of disability globally, negatively affects both personal and professional life. Objective: To describe the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) among a population-based cohort of 9- to 11-year-old children, and to examine potential associations between purported risk factors and SNHL in early childhood. Design, Setting, and Participants: The study was among the general, nonclinical, pediatric community within the city of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and was conducted between 2012 and 2015 as a cross-sectional assessment within the Generation R Study, a population-based longitudinal cohort study from fetal life until adulthood...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744752/radiotherapy-for-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-and-risk-of-second-non-breast-cancers
#3
Diana R Withrow, Lindsay M Morton, Rochelle E Curtis, Sara J Schonfeld, Amy Berrington de González
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy for ductal carcinoma (DCIS) is increasing, but the risks and benefits of the treatment remain uncertain. We aimed to investigate the relationship between radiotherapy for DCIS and risk of second non-breast cancers in a large US cohort. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 52,556 women in 12 U.S. population-based cancer registries diagnosed with first primary DCIS during 1992-2008 at age 25-79 years. We estimated relative risks (RRs), attributable risks (AR), and excess absolute risks (EAR) of second non-breast cancers associated with radiotherapy using Poisson regression adjusted for age at year of diagnosis, grade, hormonal therapy (yes/no or unknown), and time since diagnosis...
July 25, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742632/the-middle-ear-cleft-status-in-a-natural-cohort-with-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#4
Udi Cinamon, Dov Albukrek, Yahav Oron, Sharon Ovnat Tamir, Abraham Goldfarb, David Dvir, Tal Marom
BACKGROUND: The Eustachian tube (ET) has a major role in the middle ear (ME) pressure homeostasis. ET dysfunction is the accepted paradigm for pressure-related ME disorders. We studied the ME status in patients with severely diminished ET opening abilities, and anticipated to find ME disorders in most of them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ME status was evaluated in unconscious adults, who were hospitalized in a rehabilitation center with severe brain damage, requiring tracheotomy and gastrostomy...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719716/the-sophono-bone-conduction-system-surgical-audiologic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#5
Timothy Mclean, Irumee Pai, Andrew Philipatos, Michael Gordon
We prospectively evaluated the surgical, audiologic, and quality-of-life outcomes in 5 patients-2 men and 3 women, aged 22 to 64 years (mean: 41.8)-who were implanted with the Sophono Alpha 2 MPO Processor. The indications for implantation of this bone-conduction device included recurrent ear canal infections with hearing aids (n = 3), single-sided deafness (n = 1), and patient preference in view of difficulty using a conventional hearing aid (n = 1). In addition to the patient with single-sided deafness, 3 patients had a bilateral mixed hearing loss and 1 had a bilateral conductive hearing loss...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680491/relation-between-ossicular-erosion-and-destruction-of-facial-and-lateral-semicircular-canals-in-chronic-otitis-media
#6
Suphi Bulğurcu, İlker Burak Arslan, Bünyamin Dikilitaş, İbrahim Çukurova
Introduction  Chronic otitis media can cause multiple middle ear pathogeneses. The surgeon should be aware of relation between ossicular chain erosion and other destructions because of the possibility of complications. Objective  This study aimed to investigate the rates of ossicular erosion in cases of patients with and without facial nerve canal destruction, who had undergone mastoidectomy due to chronic otitis media with or without cholesteatoma. Methods  We retrospectively analyzed three hundred twenty-seven patients who had undergone tympanomastoidectomy between April 2008 and February 2014...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680490/auditory-evoked-potential-mismatch-negativity-in-normal-hearing-adults
#7
Laura Flach Schwade, Dayane Domeneghini Didoné, Pricila Sleifer
Introduction  Mismatch Negativity (MMN) corresponds to a response of the central auditory nervous system. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze MMN latencies and amplitudes in normal-hearing adults and compare the results between ears, gender and hand dominance. Methods  This is a cross-sectional study. Forty subjects participated, 20 women and 20 men, aged 18 to 29 years and having normal auditory thresholds. A frequency of 1000Hz (standard stimuli) and 2000Hz (deviant stimuli) was used to evoked the MMN...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670248/allergic-contact-dermatitis-pattern-in-kuwait-nickel-leads-the-pack-in-depth-analysis-of-nickel-allergy-based-on-the-results-from-a-large-prospective-patch-test-series-report
#8
Nawaf Almutairi, Fahad Almutawa
INTRODUCTION: Contact dermatitis is a relatively common dermatosis reported among several population groups from all around the globe. However, the data from Kuwait is unavailable. Patch tests are essential for the diagnosis of contact sensitization. AIM: To determine a relative frequency and pattern of sensitizers to different allergens in patients of suspected contact dermatitis in Kuwait and, also to study the role of the commonest sensitizer in detail. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patch tests were performed in 2461 consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of contact dermatitis seen at our hospital between September 1, 2014 and August 31, 2015...
June 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662700/risk-of-unsafe-abortion-associated-with-long-term-contraception-behaviour-a-case-control-study-from-sri-lanka
#9
Carukshi Arambepola, Lalini C Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: When faced with an unintended pregnancy, some women choose to undergo an unsafe abortion, while others do not. This choice may depend on long-term contraception that shapes the fertility goals of women, along with many other risk factors. We assessed the risk for unsafe abortion associated with contraceptive practices based on women's long-term behaviour, and its likely modification by the use of different types of contraceptives among women in Sri Lanka. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted in nine hospitals among 171 women admitted for care following an unsafe abortion (Cases) and 600 women admitted to same hospitals for delivery of an unintended term pregnancy (Controls)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655036/objective-and-subjective-measures-of-simultaneous-vs-sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, Geerte G J Ramakers, Yvette E Smulders, Alice van Zon, Inge Stegeman, Adriana L Smit, Robert J Stokroos, Nadia Hendrice, Rolien H Free, Bert Maat, Johan H M Frijns, Jeroen J Briaire, E A M Mylanus, Wendy J Huinck, Gijsbert A Van Zanten, Wilko Grolman
Importance: To date, no randomized clinical trial on the comparison between simultaneous and sequential bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs) has been performed. Objective: To investigate the hearing capabilities and the self-reported benefits of simultaneous BiCIs compared with those of sequential BiCIs. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted between January 12, 2010, and September 2, 2012, at 5 tertiary referral centers among 40 participants eligible for BiCIs...
June 22, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645678/endolymphatic-hydrops-imaging-differential-diagnosis-in-patients-with-meniere-disease-symptoms
#11
A Attyé, M Eliezer, A Galloux, J Pietras, I Tropres, S Schmerber, G Dumas, A Krainik
PURPOSE: The goal of this retrospective study was to investigate the differential diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops in patients with Meniere's disease (MD) symptoms by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with intravenous injection of gadolinium chelate and delayed acquisition. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two hundred patients (133 women, 67 men; mean age=67.2±11 ([SD] years) with unilateral MD underwent MRI at 3-T, between 4.5 and 5.5hours after intravenous administration of gadoterate meglumine at a dose of 0...
June 20, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635522/dietary-intake-among-opioid-and-alcohol-using-pregnant-women
#12
Shikhar Shrestha, Elizabeth Jimenez, Laura Garrison, Peter Pribis, Dennis W Raisch, Julia M Stephen, Ludmila N Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse in nonpregnant adults has been associated with increased intake in calories and decreased intake of nutrient-dense foods; however, studies examining dietary intake in opioid-using and alcohol-using pregnant women are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate dietary intake in opioid-using pregnant women with or without concurrent light-to-moderate alcohol use as compared to abstaining controls. METHODS: This prospective birth cohort included 102 pregnant women classified into four study groups: controls (n = 27), medication-assisted treatment (MAT; n = 26), alcohol (ALC; n = 22), and concurrent use of both substances (MAT + ALC; n = 27)...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629584/association-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-serum-levels-with-fertility-results-from-the-lifestyle-and-fertility-study
#13
June L Fung, Terryl J Hartman, Rosemary L Schleicher, Marlene B Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of vitamin D intake and serum levels on conception of clinical pregnancy and live birth. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical centers. PATIENT(S): Healthy, nulliparous women, age 18-39 years, and their male partners. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy and live birth were compared between those who did or did not meet the vitamin D estimated average requirement (EAR) intake (10 μg/d) and with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) considered at risk for inadequacy or deficiency (<50 nmol/L) or sufficient (≥50 nmol/L)...
August 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617722/prevalence-of-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-in-an-isolated-island-population-of-korea-the-woodo-study
#14
Sang-Yoon Lee, Seondo Kim, Jeong Hong Kim, Sung-Chul Hong, Keun Hwa Lee, Hye-Sook Lee, Aesun Shin, Jinho Jeong
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) within Korean population living in Woodo Island. METHODS: Among the 625 residents aged 50 years or older, 305 residents (197 women and 108 men) participated in the study; a response rate of 48.8%. Participants filled out questionnaires on life style. Intraocular pressure and corneal endothelial cell function was measured. Both pupils were dilated. Fundus photographs and stereo disc photographs were taken...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615265/adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-from-food-and-supplements-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-the-3d-cohort-study-design-develop-discover
#15
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Anne-Sophie Morisset, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Background: Assessments of the dietary intakes in various populations suggest that pregnant women have difficulty meeting all their nutritional requirements through diet alone. Few large-scale studies have considered both food sources and supplements in assessing the adequacy of nutritional intakes during pregnancy.Objective: Our study aimed to assess nutritional intakes during pregnancy by examining dietary sources and supplements. It then compared these findings with Dietary Reference Intakes.Design: We conducted a nutrition study in a large pregnancy cohort using a 3-d food record during the second trimester of pregnancy...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573375/chronic-maxillary-atelectasis-and-silent-sinus-syndrome-two-faces-of-the-same-clinical-entity
#16
Clotilde de Dorlodot, Stephanie Collet, Philippe Rombaux, Mihaela Horoi, Sergio Hassid, Philippe Eloy
Chronic maxillary atelectasis (CMA) and silent sinus syndrome (SSS) are rare clinical entities characterized by an implosion of the maxillary sinus that may or may not be associated with sinonasal symptoms, and are complicated by ipsilateral enophthalmos. The objective of this article is to discuss the definitions, physiopathology, clinical and radiographic characteristics, and surgical management of these entities. We retrospectively reviewed 18 patients (7 women, 11 men, aged 12-70 years) diagnosed and treated in the ear, nose, and throat departments of four Belgian teaching hospitals between 2000 and 2015...
June 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541242/diagnostic-evaluation-of-neck-torsion-test-in-objective-examination-in-patients-with-vertigo-and-or-hearing-impairment
#17
Piotr Niewiadomski, Marzena Bielińska, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: HASH(0x4b181b8) INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17-79 years, who were divided into two groups: I - 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17-79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II - 50 patients - control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536539/mental-status-as-a-common-factor-for-masticatory-muscle-pain-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Mieszko Wieckiewicz, Marek Zietek, Joanna Smardz, Dobrochna Zenczak-Wieckiewicz, Natalia Grychowska
Masticatory muscle pain (MMP) is the primary reason for chronic non-odontogenic orofacial pain in the human population. MMP has become a considerable social problem, which affects about 12-14% of the adult population and is 1.5-2 times more frequent in women than in men. This term defines a pain which has its origins in the masticatory muscles. Although MMP is typically felt in the face, jaws, and preauricular area, MMP can radiate to the ear, teeth, head, and neck. This systematic review explains the relationship between MMP and common mental states, such as anxiety, depression, mood and stress-related disorders, and is reported in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526836/characterisation-of-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-danish-general-practice-a-retrospective-registry-based-cohort-study
#19
Rune Aabenhus, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Laura Trolle Saust, Lars Bjerrum
Inappropriate use of antibiotics is contributing to the increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance. Several Danish guidelines on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in general practice have been issued to promote rational prescribing of antibiotics, however it is unclear if these recommendations are followed. We aimed to characterise the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions for patients diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infections, by means of electronic prescriptions, labeled with clinical indications, from Danish general practice...
May 19, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525626/skin-pigmentation-and-risk-of-hearing-loss-in-women
#20
Brian M Lin, Wen-Qing Li, Sharon G Curhan, Konstantina M Stankovic, Abrar A Qureshi, Gary C Curhan
Black individuals have a lower risk of hearing loss than do whites, possibly because of differences in cochlear melanocytes. Previous studies have suggested that darker-skinned individuals tend to have more inner ear melanin, and cochlear melanocytes are important in generating the endocochlear potential. We investigated the relationship between self-reported hearing loss and skin pigmentation by using hair color, skin tanning ability, and skin reaction to prolonged sun exposure as surrogate measures of pigmentation among 49,323 white women in the Nurses' Health Study...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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