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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675082/susac-s-syndrome-retinocochleocerebral-vasculopathy-follow-up-of-a-pediatric-patient
#1
Zeynep Selen Karalok, Birce Dilge Taskin, Alev Guven, Cemile Atilgan Ucgul, Omer Faruk Aydin
Susac's syndrome (SS) is a triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), and sensorineural hearing loss as a result of microvascular occlusions of the brain, retina, and inner ear. It is also a disorder of autoimmune endotheliopathy. SS usually affects young women between the age of 20 and 40 years. SS can be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) because of similar findings. A 15-year-old girl presented in June 2015 with vomiting and severe headache...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673835/effects-of-ovarian-reserve-and-hormone-therapy-on-hearing-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jingfei Zhang, Tingyue Zhang, Lisheng Yu, Qianying Ruan, Lingxue Yin, Dong Liu, Haicheng Zhang, Wenpei Bai, Zhenghong Ren
OBJECTIVES: To observe the hearing function around menopause, to analyze the effects of ovarian reserve and hormone therapy on hearing, and to study factors related to hearing loss among women around menopause. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 109 women around menopause aged 45-55 years, including 40 women with ovarian failure, 48 with ovarian non-failure, and 21 receiving hormone therapy. All women underwent an audiologic evaluation, and hormone blood testing was performed...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651396/correcting-flank-skin-laxity-and-dog-ear-plus-aggressive-liposuction-a-technique-for-classic-abdominoplasty-in-middle-eastern-obese-women
#3
Seyed Nejat Hosseini, Ali Ammari, Seyed Mehdi Mousavizadeh
BACKGROUND: Nowadays obesity is a common problem as it leads to abdominal deformation and people's dissatisfaction of their own body. This study has explored using a new surgical technique based on a different incision to reform the flank skin laxity and dog ear plus aggressive liposuction on women with abdominal deformities. METHODS: From May 2014 to February 2016 , 25 women were chosen for this study. All women had a body mass index more than 28 kg/m2 , flank folding, bulging and excess fat, abdominal and flank skin sagging and laxity...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573626/effects-of-combined-oral-contraception-containing-drospirenone-on-premenstrual-exacerbation-of-meniere-s-disease-preliminary-study
#4
Salvatore Caruso, Diletta Mauro, Luigi Maiolino, Caterina Grillo, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Stefano Cianci
OBJECTIVES: Meniere's disease is caused by an augmented endolymph pressure in the inner ear; symptoms are vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus. Exacerbations has been noted during premenstrual phase. The study aims to evaluate the effects of a 20 μm Ethinylestradiol (EE) and 3 mg Drospirenone (DRSP) oral contraceptive (20 μmEE/3mgDRSP) in continuous regimen, associated with rehabilitation therapy on Meniere's disease. STUDY DESIGN: This non-randomized controlled study was performed from October 2015 to October 2017...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565230/idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-dialysis-patients
#5
Sun-Myoung Kang, Hyun Woo Lim, Hoon Yu
Although sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) affects chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients more frequently than non-CKD patients, few reports have described SSNHL in dialysis patients. We aimed to review the characteristics of SSNHL in chronic dialysis patients and evaluate treatment responses to steroid therapy. We retrospectively reviewed the records of dialysis patients diagnosed with idiopathic SSNHL at Asan Medical Center between January 2000 and December 2014. Pure tone and speech audiometry analyzes were performed before and 2 weeks and 2 months after treatment onset to evaluate outcomes...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559801/vertical-transmission-of-group-b-streptococcus-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-a-cross-sectional-study-eastern-ethiopia
#6
Tesfaye Assebe Yadeta, Alemayehu Worku, Gudina Egata, Berhanu Seyoum, Dadi Marami, Yemane Berhane
Background: Vertically transmitted group B Streptococcus (GBS) causes fetal and neonatal infections. However, there is limited information on the vertical transmission of GBS in low-income countries. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the rate of vertical transmission of GBS and associated factors among pregnant women in Eastern Ethiopia. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional, facility-based study was conducted among pregnant women in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia, from June to October, 2016...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558248/patterns-of-migraine-disease-in-otolaryngology-a-cheer-network-study
#7
Kristine A Schulz, Elnaz Esmati, Frederick A Godley, Claude L Hill, Ashkan Monfared, Michael Teixido, Debara L Tucci, David L Witsell
Objective To evaluate the prevalence of migraine disease in an otolaryngologic cohort and migraine-related otologic and sinonasal symptoms in this population. Study Design Cross-sectional study utilizing the CHEER (Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research) network for recruitment. Setting Patients were recruited in a cross-sectional and pragmatic manner in 14 CHEER sites between June 2015 and March 2017 (9 academic, 5 community based). Subjects and Methods Patients were included if they were aged ≥18 years and seen for any concern that was not head and neck cancer...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552570/myocardial-infarction-presenting-as-ear-fullness-and-pain
#8
Israel Ugalde, Ibrar Anjum, Saberio Lo Presti, Alfonso Tolentino
Acute coronary syndrome usually presents with retrosternal chest pain, nausea, vomiting, sweating, and jaw and arm pain. Some patients only present with neck, epigastric, or ear discomfort. A 47-year-old male with a history of hypertension and coronary artery disease presented to the emergency department complaining of bilateral otalgia. He never felt chest pain, jaw pain, nausea, diaphoresis, or shortness of breath. He had a history of 2 acute coronary events and had a stress test 2 months prior to admission, which was unremarkable...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544458/dietary-diversity-and-nutritional-adequacy-among-married-filipino-immigrant-women-the-filipino-women-s-diet-and-health-study-filwhel
#9
Grace P Abris, Na-Hui Kim, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Sangmo Hong, Sung Hoon Yu, Chang Beom Lee, Jung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Migration has an influence on health behavior and food intake. Dietary variety is a key component to high-quality diets because a single food item does not contain a variety of nutrients and may not reflect nutritional adequacy. We aimed to compare the dietary diversity scores (DDS), food variety scores (FVS), and nutrient adequacy levels of married Filipino immigrant women in Korea to those of Korean women. METHODS: We matched the data of 474 participants aged 20-57 years from the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL) by age category with those of married Korean women randomly selected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
March 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534885/the-efficacy-of-excision-followed-by-intralesional-5-fluorouracil-and-triamcinolone-acetonide-versus-excision-followed-by-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-ear-keloids-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Farrukh Aslam Khalid, Usman Khalid Farooq, Muhammad Saleem, Jibran Rabbani, Muhammad Amin, Kamal Uddin Khan, Younas Mehrose, Moazzam N Tarar
BACKGROUND: The ear is the common site for keloid formation especially in women after ear piercing. Surgery is the main stay of treatment in these lesions but there are large numbers of treatment failures in surgery alone. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of post-excision intralesional 5-fluorouracil/triamcinolone acetonide (5-FU/TAC) and post-excision radiotherapy in the treatment of ear keloids. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
March 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530721/trends-in-calcium-supplementation-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2014
#11
Mary R Rooney, Erin D Michos, Katie C Hootman, Lisa Harnack, Pamela L Lutsey
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of supplemental calcium are inadequately understood. Recent research suggests that calcium from supplements may not be entirely free from unintended health consequences. Consequently, it is important to understand patterns and trends in use of calcium supplements. OBJECTIVE: To report trends in supplemental calcium intake between 1999 and 2014, using NHANES data, overall and stratified by sex, race/ethnicity and age. METHODS: A total of 42,038 adult NHANES participants were included in this analysis...
March 9, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525415/immune-mediated-inner-ear-disease-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approaches
#12
José Ferreira Penêda, Nuno Barros Lima, Francisco Monteiro, Joana Vilela Silva, Rita Gama, Artur Condé
INTRODUCTION: Immune Mediated Inner Ear Disease (IMIED) is a rare form of sensorineural bilateral hearing loss, usually progressing in weeks to months and responsive to immunosuppressive treatment. Despite recent advances, there is no consensus on diagnosis and optimal treatment. METHODS: A review of articles on IMIED from the last 10 years was conducted using PubMed® database. RESULTS: IMIED is a rare disease, mostly affecting middle aged women...
March 7, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502794/azathioprine-reduces-the-risk-of-audiometric-relapse-in-immune-mediated-hearing-loss
#13
Nieves Mata-Castro, Javier Gavilanes-Plasencia, Rafael Ramírez-Camacho, Alfredo García-Fernández, José Ramón García-Berrocal
INTRODUCTION: Current schemes for treatment of immune-mediated hearing loss with sporadic short-course, low-dose corticosteroids, are insufficient. METHODS: To determine the role of azathioprine in the control of auditory impairment, a longitudinal, observational, descriptive study was performed with 20 patients treated with azathioprine (1.5-2.5mg/kg/day into two doses) for 1year. The loss of 10dB on two consecutive frequencies or 15dB on an isolated frequency was considered as relapse...
March 1, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495606/suboptimal-iodine-status-among-pregnant-women-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#14
Sigrun Henjum, Inger Aakre, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Sandra Borthne, Zada Pajalic, Ellen Blix, Elin Lovise Folven Gjengedal, Anne Lise Brantsæter
Norway has been considered iodine replete for decades; however, recent studies indicate reemergence of inadequate iodine status in different population groups. We assessed iodine status in pregnant women based on urinary iodine concentration (UIC), urinary iodine excretion (UIE), and iodine intake from food and supplements. In 804 pregnant women, 24-h iodine intakes from iodine-rich foods and iodine-containing supplements were calculated. In 777 women, iodine concentration was measured in spot urine samples by inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
February 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494482/earable-tempo-a-novel-hands-free-input-device-that-uses-the-movement-of-the-tongue-measured-with-a-wearable-ear-sensor
#15
Kazuhiro Taniguchi, Hisashi Kondo, Mami Kurosawa, Atsushi Nishikawa
In this study, an earphone-type interface named "earable TEMPO" was developed for hands-free operation, wherein the user can control the device by simply pushing the tongue against the roof of the mouth for about one second. This interface can be used to start and stop the music from a portable audio player. The earable TEMPO uses an earphone-type sensor equipped with a light emitting diode (LED) and a phototransistor to optically measure shape variations that occur in the external auditory meatus when the tongue is pressed against the roof of the mouth...
March 1, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488495/-the-characteristics-of-broad-band-tympanometry-in-the-volunteers-with-the-unaffected-hearing
#16
V T Pal'chun, N S Tropskaya, Yu V Levina, S P Efimova, A L Guseva
The objective of the present work was to elucidate the characteristics of broad-band tympanometry in the healthy subjects with the unaffected hearing ability. The study involved 54 volunteers (27 men and 27 women) at the age from 21 to 55 years exhibiting no pathologic changes in the ear system as confirmed by the tone threshold audiometry, otoacoustic emission, tympaometry at a frequency of 226 Hz, and reflexometry. All the participants of the study underwent absorbance measurements by broad-band tympanometry within the frequency range from 226 to 8,000 Hz at an ambient pressure...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474844/cardiac-output-in-pre-eclampsia-is-associated-with-the-presence-of-fetal-growth-restriction-not-gestation-at-onset-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Jasmine Tay, Lin Foo, Giulia Masini, Phillip R Bennett, Carmel M Mceniery, Ian B Wilkinson, Christoph C Lees
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pre-eclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) are considered to be placentally-mediated disorders. The clinical manifestations are widely held to relate to gestation age at onset with early- and late-onset PE considered to be phenotypically distinct. Recent studies have reported conflicting findings in relation to cardiovascular function, and in particular cardiac output, in PE and FGR. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated maternal cardiovascular function in relation to clinical subtype in 45 pathological pregnancies (14 'PE only', 16 'FGR only', 15 'PE and FGR') and compared these with 107 healthy person observations...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460899/-the-diagnostic-significance-of-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-in-different-types-of-vertigo
#18
A S Kudryavtseva, A V Amelin
AIM: To study the parameters of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in different types of vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-seven patients, 35 men and 42 women, aged 43.7±12.5 years, with vestibular vertigo and unsteadiness were examined. The activity of the stemocleidomastoid muscle in response to auditory stimulation of the ipsilateral ear was recorded using surface electromyography. RESULTS: There were a trend towards the increase in the N2 latency, the significant reduction of the P1-N2 amplitude (p<0,005) on both sides and significant changes in the coefficient of asymmetry...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433374/objective-evaluation-of-binaural-summation-through-acoustic-reflex-measures
#19
Vishakha W Rawool, Madaline Parrill
OBJECTIVE: A previous study [Rawool, V. W. (2016). Auditory processing deficits: Assessment and intervention. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., pp. 186-187] demonstrated objective assessment of binaural summation through right contralateral acoustic reflex thresholds (ARTs) in women. The current project examined if previous findings could be generalised to men and to the left ear. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty individuals participated in the study...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399296/folate-food-source-usual-intake-and-folate-status-in-korean-adults
#20
Young-Nam Kim, Youn-Ok Cho
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were to investigate folate intakes and plasma folate concentrations as well as estimate folate status in Korean healthy adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 254 healthy 19- to 64-year-old adults (68 men and 186 women) living in Seoul metropolitan area, Gumi, and Kwangju, Korea participated. Three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls, information on folate supplementation, and fasting blood samples were collected from the subjects...
February 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
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