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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917790/retrospective-air-bone-gap-evaluation-of-patients-with-tympanic-membrane-central-perforation
#1
Levent Küçükkavruk, Esra Temügan, Mesut Kaya, Selim Unsal, Nebi Mustafa Gumus, Mustafa Yüksel, Mehmet Gündüz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hearing recovery and air-bone gap (ABG) before and after tympanoplasty surgery in patients with tympanic membrane central perforation. METHODS: Histories and audiological assessments of 160 cases (total of 26 ears from 22 patients; 11 men and 11 women) from patients who had undergone tympanoplasty surgery and hearing reconstruction due to tympanic membrane central perforation were evaluated. Pre-postoperative audiograms and the pure tone, air-bone hearing thresholds and ABG gains were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917144/vocal-age-disguise-the-role-of-fundamental-frequency-and-speech-rate-and-its-perceived-effects
#2
Sara Skoog Waller, Mårten Eriksson
The relationship between vocal characteristics and perceived age is of interest in various contexts, as is the possibility to affect age perception through vocal manipulation. A few examples of such situations are when age is staged by actors, when ear witnesses make age assessments based on vocal cues only or when offenders (e.g., online groomers) disguise their voice to appear younger or older. This paper investigates how speakers spontaneously manipulate two age related vocal characteristics (f0 and speech rate) in attempt to sound younger versus older than their true age, and if the manipulations correspond to actual age related changes in f0 and speech rate (Study 1)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913750/congenital-heart-block-and-immune-mediated-sensorineural-hearing-loss-possible-cross-reactivity-of-immune-response
#3
C Bason, I Pagnini, A Brucato, S Maestroni, A Puccetti, C Lunardi, R Cimaz
Immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss may complicate systemic autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported the presence of antibodies directed against inner ear antigens in patients with Cogan syndrome, a disease characterized by sudden hearing loss and interstitial keratitis. Such autoantibodies cross-react with an epitope of SSA/Ro60 protein. Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies in pregnant women cross the placenta and reach the fetal tissues inducing an immune-mediated damage of the cardiac conduction system...
December 2, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912205/the-prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Alexandra Neiman, Salil Ginde, Michael G Earing, Peter J Bartz, Scott Cohen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD) and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) is not well known. The aims of this study were to: determine the prevalence of SD, evaluate the risk factors associated with SD, and determine the association between SD and QOL in adults with CHD. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of adults (≥18years) with CHD presenting for routine follow-up at our institution. Subjects completed the CDC HRQOL-14 "Health Days Measure" to assess mental and physical health, and either the Sexual Health Inventory for Men or the Female Sexual Function Index to assess sexual function...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892984/anatomical-distributions-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-population-based-study-in-queensland-australia
#5
Padmini Subramaniam, Catherine M Olsen, Bridie S Thompson, David C Whiteman, Rachel E Neale
Importance: Keratinocyte cancers (KCs), including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), are the most common cancers among fair-skinned populations worldwide. Although studies have indicated that the anatomical distribution of BCC and SCC differ, few have compared them directly in well-defined population samples. Objectives: To describe and compare the anatomical distribution of BCC and SCC in a population-based sample in Queensland, Australia...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876480/noise-dosimetry-for-tactical-environments
#6
Christopher J Smalt, Joe Lacirignola, Shakti K Davis, Paul T Calamia, Paula P Collins
Noise exposure and the subsequent hearing loss are well documented aspects of military life. Numerous studies have indicated high rates of noise-induced hearing injury (NIHI) in active-duty service men and women, and recent statistics from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs indicate a population of veterans with hearing loss that is growing at an increasing rate. In an effort to minimize hearing loss, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) updated its Hearing Conservation Program in 2010, and also has recently revised the DoD Design Criteria Standard Noise Limits (MIL-STD-1474E) which defines allowable noise levels in the design of all military acquisitions including weapons and vehicles...
November 20, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865940/alterations-in-nasal-mucociliary-activity-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Suna Kabil Kucur, Ali Seven, Beril Yuksel, Cuneyt Kucur, Halime Sencan, Ilay Gozukara, Nadi Keskin
OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. It can affect various organ systems, and respiratory mucosa has been reported as being hormone responsive. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study consisting of 50 women with PCOS and 30 control subjects matched for age and body mass index was conducted, in order to investigate nasal mucociliary clearance time (NMCT) in patients with PCOS. Serum basal hormonal-biochemical parameters and NMCT were evaluated on menstrual cycle days 2-5 for all participants...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861194/cochlear-implantation-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-with-and-without-labyrinthectomy
#8
Payal Mukherjee, Kate Eykamp, Daniel Brown, Ian Curthoys, Sean Flanagan, Nigel Biggs, Celene McNeill, William Gibson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate outcomes of cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with Ménière's disease (MD) with and without surgical labyrinthectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Multiple tertiary referral centers. SUBJECTS: Thirty one ears from 27 patients (17 men, 10 women, aged 42-84) with CI in ipsilateral MD ear. INTERVENTION: CI in ears with intact labyrinths (Group 1), CI with simultaneous surgical labyrinthectomy (Group 2), and CI sequential to surgical labyrinthectomy (Group 3)...
November 16, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853057/noise-induced-hearing-loss-among-professional-musicians
#9
Pouryaghoub Gholamreza, Ramin Mehrdad, Saeed Pourhosein
OBJECTIVES: After presbycusis, noise exposure is considered the second cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Due to exposure to high-intensity sounds, musicians may be at risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Given the importance of good hearing in music career, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of hearing loss and use of protective measures among Iranian musicians. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 125 musicians, including 21 women (16.8%) and 104 men (83...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846196/the-relationship-between-hearing-thresholds-and-hyperandrogenism-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Mahfuz Turan, Rıfkı Ucler, Mehmet Fatih Garca, Zehra Kurdoglu, Hakan Cankaya, Abdurrahman Ayral, Nazım Bozan, Ahmet Faruk Kıroglu, Mertihan Kurdoglu
BACKGROUND The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hearing thresholds. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty women diagnosed with PCOS (mean age, 24.33±6.38 years) and 40 healthy women controls (mean age, 26.38±6.75 years) were included in prospective study. Each case was tested with low (250, 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz), high (4000, 6000, and 8000 Hz) and extended high (EH) (9000-20000 Hz) frequency audiometry. The fasting plasma glucose, insulin, FSH, LH, total testosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin were measured in all patients...
November 15, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837216/-the-heidelberg-ci-database-module-quality-control-in-hearing-restoration-with-cochlear-implants
#11
I T Herisanu, S Hoth, M Praetorius
BACKGROUND: Cochlear implants (CI) have been established as the therapy of choice for functional deafness. The number of CI-rehabilitated patients is continuously growing. The resulting data can provide important information for physicians, health insurance companies, and scientists. Assessment and structuring of data becomes more feasible with the application of modern database systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In collaboration with Innoforce Est., Liechtenstein, the authors developed a database module for the specific needs of CI patients...
December 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818377/diabetes-mellitus-and-the-incidence-of-hearing-loss-a-cohort-study
#12
Min-Beom Kim, Yiyi Zhang, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu, Yuni Choi, Min-Jung Kwon, Il Joon Moon, Jennifer A Deal, Frank R Lin, Eliseo Guallar, Eun Chul Chung, Sung Hwa Hong, Jae Ho Ban, Hocheol Shin, Juhee Cho
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and the development of incident hearing loss. METHODS: Prospective cohort study was performed in 253 301 adults with normal hearing tests who participated in a regular health-screening exam between 2002 and 2014. The main exposure was the presence of DM at baseline, defined as a fasting serum glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL, a self-reported history of DM or current use of anti-diabetic medications. Pre-diabetes was defined as a fasting glucose 100-125 mg/dL and no history of DM or anti-diabetic medication use...
November 6, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812691/identification-of-the-bacterial-reservoirs-for-the-middle-ear-using-phylogenic-analysis
#13
Chun Ling Chan, David Wabnitz, Ahmed Bassiouni, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde, Alkis James Psaltis
Importance: The adenoid pad has long been considered a reservoir for bacteria in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). However, bacteria more reminiscent of external auditory canal (EAC) commensals are often demonstrated within middle ear aspirates. Objective: To compare the microbiota of the EAC, the middle ear with OME, and the adenoid pad to further clarify the true source of middle ear bacteria. Design, Setting, and Participants: Middle ear fluid (MEF) aspirates and EAC lavages were collected from 18 children with OME undergoing ventilation tube insertion from June 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015, at Women and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia...
November 3, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792830/chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-following-radiation-therapy
#14
Anya Miller, Francis Hall, Syed Ahsan
The incidence of chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal or sinonasal tumors is relatively high. It is often a difficult-to-treat problem in these patients. In this retrospective study, we sought to describe the clinical course of COME in 51 patients-33 men and 18 women, aged 39 to 90 years (mean: 58.9 ± 15)-who had been referred to the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit between 2001 and 2011 for management of a tumor that had involved either the nasopharyngeal area or the sinonasal area...
October 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791267/a-narrative-analysis-of-the-birth-stories-of-early-age-mothers
#15
Anna Carson, Cathy Chabot, Devon Greyson, Kate Shannon, Putu Duff, Jean Shoveller
The telling of birth stories (i.e. stories that describe women's experiences of giving birth) is a common and important social practice. Whereas most research on birth narratives reflects the stories of middle-class, 'adult' women, we examine how the birth stories told by early-age mothers interconnect with broader narratives regarding social stigma and childbearing at 'too early' an age. Drawing on narrative theory, we analyse in-depth interviews with 81 mothers (ages 15-24 years) conducted in Greater Vancouver and Prince George, Canada, in 2014-15...
October 28, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780188/liver-transplantation-with-older-donors-a-comparison-with-younger-donors-in-a-context-of-organ-shortage
#16
Louise Barbier, Manuela Cesaretti, Federica Dondero, François Cauchy, Linda Khoy-Ear, Takeshi Aoyagi, Emmanuel Weiss, Olivier Roux, Safi Dokmak, Claire Francoz, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Ailton Sepulveda, Jacques Belghiti, François Durand, Olivier Soubrane
BACKGROUND: Older liver grafts have been considered in the past decade due to organ shortage. The aim was to compare outcomes after liver transplantation with either younger or older donors. METHODS: Patients transplanted in our center between 2004 and 2014 with younger donors (younger than 60 years; n = 253) were compared with older donors (older than 75 years; n = 157). Multiorgan transplantations, split grafts, or non-heart-beating donors were not included. RESULTS: Donors in the older group were mostly women deceased from stroke, and only 3 patients had experienced cardiac arrest...
November 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773608/breastfeeding-initiation-and-support-a-literature-review-of-what-women-value-and-the-impact-of-early-discharge
#17
Lucy James, Linda Sweet, Roslyn Donnellan-Fernandez
PROBLEM: Early discharge following birth has become an emerging phenomenon in many countries. It is likely early discharge has an impact on the establishment of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence on what women value in relation to breastfeeding initiation and support, and investigate the impact early discharge can have on these values. METHOD: A literature search was conducted for publications since 2005 using the following databases: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline, Scopus and PsycINFO; 21 primary articles were selected and included in the review...
October 20, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770542/sertraline-use-in-the-first-trimester-and-risk-of-congenital-anomalies-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#18
Zi-Qi Shen, Shan-Yan Gao, Shawn Xiang Li, Tie-Ning Zhang, Cai-Xia Liu, Hai-Chen Lv, Yuan Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Xin Xu, Chao Ji, Qi-Jun Wu, Da Li
AIM: To perform a meta-analysis of available cohort studies on the association between sertraline use by pregnant women in the first trimester and the findings of congenital anomalies in infants. METHODS: A comprehensive search of articles published from the index date through December 31, 2015 investigating the aforementioned associations was conducted on PubMed and Web of Science. Mesh headings used included the terms "serotonin reuptake inhibitor," "sertraline," "congenital anomalies" and "obstetrical outcome...
October 22, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755370/outcomes-of-drill-canalplasty-in-exostoses-and-osteoma-analysis-of-256-cases-and-literature-review
#19
Golda Grinblat, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Gianluca Piras, Jingchun He, Abdelkader Taibah, Alessandra Russo, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: 1) To describe the surgical technique of drill canaplasty for exostosis and osteoma and to evaluate our results. 2) To propose a new grading system for external auditory canal stenosis (EACS). 3) To review the recent literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. SETTING: Quarternary referral center for Otology & Skull Base surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventeen patients (256 ears) with exostosis or osteoma were included in the study...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755366/prevalence-of-headache-in-cochlear-implant-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ulrich Kisser, Christine Adderson-Kisser, Marius Förster, Klaus Stelter, Marion San Nicolo, Florian Schrötzlmair, Joachim Michael Müller, John Martin Hempel
INTRODUCTION: In Internet forums and other social media many reports regarding chronic headaches after cochlear implantation can be found. Although quite rare, there are also some reports in the literature. However, little is known regarding the true prevalence of headaches in persons who have undergone cochlear implant surgery. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the 1-year prevalence of headache in patients having received a cochlear implantation ("cochlear implant group") in comparison with patients having undergone middle ear surgery ("surgery group") and persons with no history of head and neck surgery ("non-ear-nose-throat [ENT] group")...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
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