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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914988/imaging-of-macrophage-dynamics-with-optical-coherence-tomography-in-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#1
Despina Kokona, Nathanael U Häner, Andreas Ebneter, Martin S Zinkernagel
Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is a relatively common cause of visual loss and results from hypoperfusion of the small arteries of the anterior portion of the optic nerve. AION is the leading cause of sudden optic nerve related vision loss with approximately 10 cases per 100'000 in the population over 50 years. To date there is no established treatment for AION and therefore a better understanding of the events occurring at the level of the optic nerve head (ONH) would be important to design future therapeutic strategies...
November 30, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914831/optic-nerve-head-drusen-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-clinically-normal-subjects-measured-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Mark P Ghassibi, Jason L Chien, Ramiz K Abumasmah, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Robert Ritch, Sung Chul Park
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) in clinically normal subjects using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to evaluate associated factors. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 130 clinically normal subjects. METHODS: Serial horizontal and vertical EDI OCT B-scans (interval between scans, ∼30 μm) of the optic nerve head (ONH) were obtained in both eyes of clinically normal subjects...
November 30, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909833/verification-of-a-virtual-fields-method-to-extract-the-mechanical-properties-of-human-optic-nerve-head-tissues-in-vivo
#3
Liang Zhang, Sri Gowtham Thakku, Meghna R Beotra, Mani Baskaran, Tin Aung, James C H Goh, Nicholas G Strouthidis, Michael J A Girard
We aimed to verify a custom virtual fields method (VFM) to estimate the patient-specific biomechanical properties of human optic nerve head (ONH) tissues, given their full-field deformations induced by intraocular pressure (IOP). To verify the accuracy of VFM, we first generated 'artificial' ONH displacements from predetermined (known) ONH tissue biomechanical properties using finite element analysis. Using such deformations, if we are able to match back the known biomechanical properties, it would indicate that our VFM technique is accurate...
December 1, 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906811/measurement-of-radial-peripapillary-capillary-density-in-the-normal-human-retina-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#4
Tarannum Mansoori, Jayanthi Sivaswamy, Jahnavi Sai Gamalapati, Satish Gooty Agraharam, Nagalla Balakrishna
AIM: To image the radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) network with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and measure its capillary density (CD) in the normal human retina. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two normal participants underwent OCTA imaging with RTVue XR 100 Avanti OCT. The angioflow enface RPCs network was extracted from OCTA and 8 peripapillary sectors with a sector angle of 45 degrees were selected for quantitative analysis: superior nasal, superior temporal, temporal upper, temporal lower, nasal upper, nasal lower, inferior nasal, and inferior temporal...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897119/glaucoma-hot-topics-in-pharmacology
#5
Shiama I Balendra, Parth Arvind Shah, Mishank Jain, Andrzej Grzybowski, Francesca M Cordeiro
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma comprises a group of neurodegenerative diseases resulting in retinal ganglion cell death within the optic nerve head. It is projected to affect almost 80 million people worldwide by 2020. The condition's asymptomatic nature translates to over half of glaucoma sufferers being unaware of their condition. By the time of diagnosis, irreversible blindness is likely to have occurred. Prime areas of glaucoma research therefore include identification and optimization of risk factors for the disease, accurate and early diagnostic tools and novel therapeutic methods...
November 29, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870778/inter-visit-test-retest-variability-of-oct-in-glaucoma
#6
John Graham Pearce, Ted Maddess
PURPOSE: To determine the inter-visit test-retest variability (TRV) of a spectral domain optical coherence tomograph, the Topcon 3D OCT-2000, in the measurement of optic nerve head topography, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL), and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) parameters in glaucoma patients. We also examine whether TRV with this instrument varies with the extent of glaucomatous damage. METHODS: Twenty-four subjects with varying degrees of glaucoma severity provided 41 eyes with usable results for the study...
November 19, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849312/oct-angiography-of-the-peripapillary-retina-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#7
Eun Ji Lee, Kyoung Min Lee, Seung Hyen Lee, Tae-Woo Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the topographic relationship between the decreased parapapillary retinal microvasculature as assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and a localized RNFL defect. Methods: The peripapillary retinal circulation was evaluated using the OCTA centered on the optic nerve head in 98 POAG eyes having a localized RNFL defect and 45 healthy control eyes...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834960/diagnostic-ability-of-humphrey-perimetry-octopus-perimetry-and-optical-coherence-tomography-for-glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy
#8
B Monsalve, A Ferreras, P Calvo, J A Urcola, M Figus, J Monsalve, P Frezzotti
PurposeTo evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA), Octopus perimetry, and Cirrus OCT for glaucomatous optic neuropathy.MethodsEighty-eight healthy individuals and 150 open-angle glaucoma patients were consecutive and prospectively selected. Eligibility criteria for the glaucoma group were intraocular pressure ≥21 mm Hg and glaucomatous optic nerve head morphology. All subjects underwent a reliable standard automated perimetry with the HFA and Octopus perimeter, and were imaged with the Cirrus OCT...
November 11, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820422/the-relation-of-white-on-white-standard-automated-perimetry-short-wavelength-perimetry-and-optic-coherence-tomography-parameters-in-ocular-hypertension
#9
Ceyda Başkan, Özlem G Köz, Rahmi Duman, Sabite E Gökçe, Ahmet A Yarangümeli, Gülcan Kural
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the demographics, clinical properties, and the relation between white-on-white standard automated perimetry (SAP), short wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP), and optical coherence tomographic (OCT) parameters of patients with ocular hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one eyes of 61 patients diagnosed with ocular hypertension in the Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital ophthalmology unit between January 2010 and January 2011 were included in this study...
December 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817914/enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography-of-optic-nerve-head-drusen-a-comparison-of-cases-with-and-without-visual-field-loss
#10
Ghislaine L Traber, Konrad P Weber, Mazen Sabah, Pearse A Keane, Gordon T Plant
PURPOSE: Enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) has been recognized as the most sensitive tool to diagnose optic nerve head drusen (ONHD). The relationship between OCT characteristics and visual loss has not been well documented. This study compares EDI SD OCT-determined morphologic characteristics of drusen in eyes with or without visual field (VF) defects. DESIGN: Descriptive study of patients attending the neuro-ophthalmology service of Moorfields Eye Hospital between January 2013 and October 2014...
November 3, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814326/consistency-of-bruch-membrane-opening-detection-as-determined-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#11
Young Hoon Hwang, Min K Kim, Sang I Ahn
PURPOSE: To investigate the consistency of Bruch membrane opening (BMO) detection as determined by Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography (OCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 106 healthy eyes and 194 glaucomatous eyes who underwent OCT examinations. The location of BMO was evaluated by inspecting 72 cross-sectional optic nerve head (ONH) images (5 degrees intervals for 360 degrees) per eye in which BMO location is automatically detected by the OCT algorithm...
November 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802518/diagnostic-performance-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-for-detection-of-glaucoma-in-an-elderly-population-the-alienor-study
#12
Cedric Schweitzer, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Melanie Le Goff, Olivier Rahimian, Florence Malet, Marie-Benedicte Rougier, Marie-Noelle Delyfer, Jean-Francois Dartigues, Cecile Delcourt
Purpose: To assess diagnostic accuracy of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to discriminate glaucoma and control subjects in an elderly population. Methods: The antioxidants, essential lipids, nutrition and ocular maladies study (ALIENOR: "Antioxydants, Lipides Essentiels, Nutrition et Maladies Oculaires") is a population-based study. From 2009 to 2010, a total of 624 subjects, aged 74 years or older underwent a complete eye examination, including optic disc color photography and SD-OCT examination of the macula and the optic nerve head...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802488/in-vivo-3-dimensional-strain-mapping-confirms-large-optic-nerve-head-deformations-following-horizontal-eye-movements
#13
Xiaofei Wang, Meghna R Beotra, Tin Aung Tun, Mani Baskaran, Shamira Perera, Tin Aung, Nicholas G Strouthidis, Dan Milea, Michaël J A Girard
Purpose: To measure lamina cribrosa (LC) strains (deformations) following abduction and adduction in healthy subjects and to compare them with those resulting from a relatively high acute intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation. Methods: A total of 16 eyes from 8 healthy subjects were included. Among the 16 eyes, 11 had peripapillary atrophy (PPA). For each subject, both optic nerve heads (ONHs) were imaged using optical coherence tomography (OCT) at baseline (twice), in different gaze positions (adduction and abduction of 20°) and following an acute IOP elevation of approximately 20 mm Hg from baseline (via ophthalmodynamometry)...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800261/retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thicknesses-in-three-different-optic-nerve-head-size-groups-measured-by-cirrus-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#14
Sirel Gür Güngör, Ahmet Akman, Ali Küçüködük, Meriç Çolak
OBJECTIVES: To compare the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses in three different optic nerve head (ONH) size groups measured by Cirrus spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and March 2013, 253 eyes of 253 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study (mean age: 42.7±7.4 years [28-62 years]; 121 men and 132 women). The patients were divided into 3 groups according to ONH size: 77 patients in the "small ONH" group (ONH area <1...
April 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790130/a-case-of-hydranencephaly-in-which-ophthalmic-examinations-were-performed
#15
Shohei Eda, Tomoko Terai, Yuko Nishikawa, Masahiro Tonari, Teruyo Kida, Hidehiro Oku, Jun Sugasawa, Shuichi Shimakawa, Masashi Hasegawa, Tohru Ogihara, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: We performed ophthalmic examinations, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), on a case diagnosed with hydranencephaly. CASE REPORT: This case involved a female infant born at the gestational age of 35 weeks and 4 days, with the birth weight of 2,152 g, who was one of monochorionic diamniotic twins, and the identical twin died in utero at the gestational age of 24 weeks. After that, examination by fetal echo indicated that she had microcephaly and ventriculomegaly...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772766/retinal-and-optic-nerve-abnormalities-in-neurodegeneration-associated-with-mutations-in-c19orf12-mpan
#16
Ewa Langwinska-Wosko, Marta Skowronska, Tomasz Kmiec, Anna Czlonkowska
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN) is an neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) subtype with mutation of C19orf12. Optic atrophy is one of the core symptoms in almost all MPAN cases, but the detailed ophthalmologic features of MPAN patients have not yet been described. METHODS: All consecutive symptomatic, gene proven MPAN patients underwent a detailed ophthalmological examination: best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp examination, dilated fundus examination, tonometry, optical coherent tomography (OCT) and electrophysiological examinations...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764824/intra-and-inter-rater-agreement-of-anterior-lamina-cribrosa-depth-measurements-using-enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography
#17
Inês Leal, David Cordeiro Sousa, Filomena Pinto, Carlos Marques-Neves, Luís Abegão Pinto
PURPOSE: To determine intra- and inter-rater agreement of anterior lamina cribrosa depth (ALCD) manual measurements using enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS: Observational study. EDI-OCT of the optic nerve head was performed in healthy subjects. ALCD was defined as the perpendicular distance between the line connecting both edges of Bruch's membrane opening and the anterior border of the lamina cribrosa (LC), at the maximum depth point...
October 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756260/interocular-symmetry-of-the-peripapillary-choroidal-thickness-and-retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-thickness-in-healthy-adults-with-isometropia
#18
Mo Yang, Wei Wang, Quangang Xu, Shaoying Tan, Shihui Wei
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the interocular differences in the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in healthy adults with isometropia, using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI SD-OCT). METHODS: One hundred healthy Chinese adults with spherical equivalents of ≤ ±3 dioptres and interocular differences of <0.5 dioptres were prospectively enrolled in this study...
October 19, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755347/optic-disc-characteristics-and-visual-field-progression-in-normal-tension-glaucoma-patients-with-tilted-optic-discs
#19
Youngkyo Kwun, Gyule Han, Yoon-Jung Choy, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the optic disc characteristics associated with visual field (VF) progression in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes with tilted optic discs. METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 66 NTG patients with tilted optic disc were included in this cross-sectional study, who were examined by at least 5 Humphrey 30-2 VFs. Glaucomatous VF progression was evaluated using pointwise linear regression. Optic nerve heads were scanned with enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and evaluated for the focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects and LC thicknesses...
November 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750285/in-vivo-morphology-of-the-optic-nerve-and-retina-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Anastasia Pilat, Rebecca J McLean, Frank A Proudlock, Gail D E Maconachie, Viral Sheth, Yusuf A Rajabally, Irene Gottlob
Purpose: To investigate optic nerve (ON) and macular morphology in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Subjects: Twenty-five participants with PD (19 males and 6 females; mean age 60.79; SD ± 9.24) and 25 sex-, age-, ethnicity-, and refraction-matched healthy controls. Methods: A high-resolution SD-OCT device was used to acquire scans in 25 participants with PD (mean age 60.79; ± SD 9...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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