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OCT Nerve head

Inês Leal, David Cordeiro Sousa, Filomena Pinto, Carlos Marques-Neves, Luís Abegão Pinto
PURPOSE: To determine intra- and inter-rater agreement of anterior lamina cribrosa depth (ALCD) manual measurements using enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS: Observational study. EDI-OCT of the optic nerve head was performed in healthy subjects. ALCD was defined as the perpendicular distance between the line connecting both edges of Bruch's membrane opening and the anterior border of the lamina cribrosa (LC), at the maximum depth point...
October 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Research
Mo Yang, Wei Wang, Quangang Xu, Shaoying Tan, Shihui Wei
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the interocular differences in the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in healthy adults with isometropia, using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI SD-OCT). METHODS: One hundred healthy Chinese adults with spherical equivalents of ≤ ±3 dioptres and interocular differences of <0.5 dioptres were prospectively enrolled in this study...
October 19, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Youngkyo Kwun, Gyule Han, Yoon-Jung Choy, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the optic disc characteristics associated with visual field (VF) progression in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes with tilted optic discs. METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 66 NTG patients with tilted optic disc were included in this cross-sectional study, who were examined by at least 5 Humphrey 30-2 VFs. Glaucomatous VF progression was evaluated using pointwise linear regression. Optic nerve heads were scanned with enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and evaluated for the focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects and LC thicknesses...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Anastasia Pilat, Rebecca J McLean, Frank A Proudlock, Gail D E Maconachie, Viral Sheth, Yusuf A Rajabally, Irene Gottlob
Purpose: To investigate optic nerve (ON) and macular morphology in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Subjects: Twenty-five participants with PD (19 males and 6 females; mean age 60.79; SD ± 9.24) and 25 sex-, age-, ethnicity-, and refraction-matched healthy controls. Methods: A high-resolution SD-OCT device was used to acquire scans in 25 participants with PD (mean age 60.79; ± SD 9...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Tae Hee Lee, Hwan Heo, Sang Woo Park
The development of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has changed the clinical management of ophthalmic diseases by furthering the understanding of pathogenesis, as well as improving the monitoring of their progression and assisting in quantifying the response to treatment modalities in ophthalmic diseases. Initially, the two-dimensional configuration of the optic nerve head (ONH) and the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) were the main OCT structural parameters used in clinical management of optic nerve diseases...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
Abdel-Razzak M Al-Hinnawi, Bassam O Al-Naami, Motasem M Al-Latayfeh
PURPOSE: To investigate monitoring slope-based features of the optic nerve head (ONH) cup as open-angle glaucoma (OAG) occurs. METHOD: A dataset of 46 retrospective OCT cases was acquired from the SPECTRALIS Heidelberg Engineering OCT device. A set of five parameters, which are based on the ONH cup-incline, are measured on the OAG and normal subjects in the dataset. Then, three new ONH cup-shape indices were deduced. The ONH cup-incline parameters and ONH cup-shape indices are analyzed to estimate their clinical value...
September 28, 2016: International Ophthalmology
J D Unterlauft, H Tegetmeyer
Background: With a cooperative patient, examination of the optic nerve head using optical coherence tomography (OCT) is fast and easy to perform and facilitates identification and monitoring of different pathological changes in the optic nerve head. Materials and Methods: Characteristic findings and scanning options are illustrated using case examples to simplify recognition of infrequent diseases of the optic nerve head and to facilitate treatment decisions using OCT results. Results: Pathological changes and characteristic OCT findings are shown for glaucoma, for different anomalies of the optic nerve head, for non-glaucomatous optic atrophies and for optic disc swelling for different reasons...
September 27, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
David Cordeiro Sousa, Inês Leal, Carlos Marques-Neves, Filomena Pinto, Luís Abegão Pinto
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between anterior lamina cribrosa depth (ALCD), determined with enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and intraocular pressure (IOP) in a healthy Portuguese population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study conducted between January and July 2015, 2 optic nerve head (ONH)-centered EDI-OCT cross-scans were performed and ALCD was defined as the perpendicular distance between the line connecting both edges of Bruch's membrane opening and the anterior border of the lamina cribrosa at the maximum depth point...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Anani P Toshev, Julia Lamparter, Norbert Pfeiffer, Esther M Hoffmann
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance and evaluate diagnostic agreement for early glaucoma detection between a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (CSLO) and a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five eyes of 55 open-angle glaucoma patients and 42 eyes of 42 healthy control subjects were enrolled in this observational, cross-sectional study. All participants underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examination, visual field testing, and optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer imaging by CSLO (HRT3) and SD-OCT (Spectralis OCT)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Francisco Pérez Bartolomé, Jose María Martínez de la Casa, Irene Camacho Bosca, Federico Sáenz-Francés, Soledad Aguilar Munoa, Alberto Martín Juan, Julian Garcia-Feijoo
PURPOSE: To examine interrelations between corneal biomechanics, ocular biometric variables and optic disc size (ODS), lamina cribosa depth (LCD) or thickness (LCT) in a healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional case-control study, the following measurements were made in 81 eyes of 81 participants: axial length, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and central corneal thickness using the optical biometer Lenstar LS900; and corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), Goldman-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg), and corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc) using the Ocular Response Analyzer...
September 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Masoud Aghsaei Fard, Marjan Afzali, Parisa Abdi, Rebecca Chen, Mehdi Yaseri, Ebrahim Azaripour, Sasan Moghimi
PURPOSE: To compare optic nerve head (ONH) morphology of optic nerve atrophy between eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and eyes with a history of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic atrophy (NAION) using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 121 eyes of 91 patients consisted of moderate to severe POAG (n = 32 eyes), visual field mean deviation-matched NAION (n = 30 eyes) and their fellow eyes (n = 30 eyes), and healthy controls (n = 29)...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Lilian Hui Li Koh, Muhammad Amir Ismail, Sae Cheong Yap, Elizabeth Poh Ying Wong, Leonard Wei Leon Yip
AIM: To assess the repeatability of measuring optic nerve head (ONH) parameters using the Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT), as well as to assess the effect of head tilt on these measurements. METHODS: Thirty healthy participants with no evidence of glaucoma were recruited for the study. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, standard automated perimetry and ocular examination were performed for each participant. One eye was then randomly selected and scanned undilated with the Cirrus OCT in 3 positions (neutral, 30° right tilt and 30° left tilt)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Aubrey L Gilbert, Gena Heidary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Papilledema associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) may result in irreversible, progressive visual loss. The development of tools for the evaluation of pediatric patients with IIH is particularly relevant as many patients may not be able to comply with the detailed clinical evaluation utilized in adults for the treatment and management of this disease. The purpose of this review is to summarize relevant articles on the diagnostic tools used in evaluation and management of pediatric IIH...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
M Pahlitzsch, R Zielke, S Schlittgen, K Göbel, R Alten, C Erb
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the additive systemic inflammatory process of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in arterial hypertension patients, structural and morphological changes of the retina and optic nerve head were assessed by modern topographic technologies. Similarities of underlying vascular mechanisms between RA and arterial hypertension are interesting and have not been researched in depth. The aim of this study is to evaluate changes of RA and arterial hypertension with the optic coherence topography (OCT) and Heidelberg retina tomography (HRT III), to validate RA changes in comparison to arterial hypertension only patients and, finally, if these methods are useful to detect the chronic inflammatory influence of the RA on the eye...
August 29, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Simon S Gao, Yali Jia, Liang Liu, Miao Zhang, Hana L Takusagawa, John C Morrison, David Huang
PURPOSE: To compensate for reflectance variation when quantifying vessel density by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Healthy participants received 6×6-mm macular and 4.5×4.5-mm optic nerve head (ONH) angiography scans on a 70-kHz spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system. The split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography (SSADA) algorithm was used to compute the OCTA signal. Mean reflectance projection and maximum decorrelation projection were used to create en face OCT and OCTA images...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Marc J Dinkin, Athos Patsalides
BACKGROUND: Our goal was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of stenting of venous sinus stenosis (VSS) in patients with medically-refractory, medically-intolerant or fulminant idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in a prospective, observational study. METHODS: Thirteen patients with IIH who were refractory or intolerant to medical therapy or who presented with fulminant visual field (VF) loss underwent stenting of VSS at the transverse-sinus sigmoid sinus junction, using a Precise Pro carotid stent system (Cordis)...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Jack J Tian, Handan Akil, Giancarlo A Garcia, Srinivas R Sadda, Alfredo A Sadun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the optic nerve head microvasculature in eyes with acute and chronic optic neuropathies using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, observational study, optical coherence tomography angiography images were obtained from the optic nerve heads of 21 eyes of 12 patients with optic disk edema, pseudoedema and atrophy, and 12 eyes of 6 healthy subjects using a 1,050-nm optical coherence tomography angiography (Topcon DRI OCT; Triton)...
August 22, 2016: Retina
Chunwei Zhang, Andrew J Tatham, Ricardo Y Abe, Na'ama Hammel, Akram Belghith, Robert N Weinreb, Felipe A Medeiros, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Christopher A Girkin, Linda M Zangwill
PURPOSE: To investigate macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) thickness in glaucomatous eyes with visible localized retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects on stereophotographs. METHODS: 112 healthy and 149 glaucomatous eyes from the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS) and the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES) subjects had standard automated perimetry (SAP), optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of the macula and optic nerve head, and stereoscopic optic disc photography...
2016: PloS One
Asli Koskderelioglu, Tuncay Kusbeci, Ozge Yilmaz Kusbeci, Muhtesem Gedizlioglu
PURPOSE: The human retina contains dopaminergic neurons within the inner retinal layer. Several studies demonstrated dopaminergic neuronal loss in Parkinson's disease (PD) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Hypothetically, restless legs syndrome (RLS) may have an underlying dopaminergic mechanism and a probable relation to PD is assumed. Therefore, we aimed to analyze retinal morphology in RLS patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we used spectral domain OCT to measure the features of various retinal layers such as thicknesses of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), macular and foveal layers, ganglion cell complex (GCC), and optic nerve head parameters of 36 patients with idiopathic RLS, together with 36 age and sex-matched controls...
October 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Aarti Patel, Ravi Purohit, Helena Lee, Viral Sheth, Gail Maconachie, Eleni Papageorgiou, Rebecca J McLean, Irene Gottlob, Frank A Proudlock
PURPOSE: To determine feasibility of optic nerve head (ONH) imaging and to characterize ONH development in full-term infants without sedation using handheld spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred fifty-two children aged between 1 day and 13 years. METHODS: All participants were imaged using handheld SD OCT without sedation during a single scan session...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
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