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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148032/secondary-glaucoma-in-uveitis-comparison-of-the-optic-nerve-head-morphology-among-a-nonmydriatic-fundus-camera-hrt-and-sd-oct
#1
Milena Pahlitzsch, Matthias K J Klamann, Saskia Jacob, Carl Erb, Sibylle Winterhalter, Necip Torun, Anna-Karina B Maier, Eckart Bertelmann
PURPOSE: To assess the correlation between the disc damage likelihood scale (DDLS) objectively measured by a nonmydriatic fundus camera, confocal laser scanning ophthalmoscopy (HRT3), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in uveitic glaucoma. METHODS: A total of 59 patients with uveitic glaucoma (21 female, 38 male; mean age 56.8 ± 18.7 years) were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. All patients were measured by the Kowa Nonmyd WX 3D camera (2D/3D nonmydriatic retinal camera, Kowa Company), the HRT3 (Heidelberg Engineering), and SD-OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec) by one examiner on the same day...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140817/new-developments-in-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-for-glaucoma
#2
Jean-Claude Mwanza, Donald L Budenz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since its introduction in ophthalmology, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has undergone significant advances in imaging protocols, algorithms, and addition of new parameters which have maximized its potential for diagnosing, evaluating the response to treatment, and assessing the progression of various ocular diseases, including glaucoma. This review provides an update on recent developments in OCT with respect to the management of glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent notable developments include the introduction of the minimum distance band, which is a three-dimensional optic nerve head parameter, and Swept-Source OCT with its single wide-field scanning capability...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140815/neuroimaging-diagnostic-and-monitoring-approaches-in-ophthalmology
#3
Bart K Chwalisz, Marc A Bouffard, Sashank Prasad, Dean M Cestari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review new applications of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology in neuro-ophthalmology. We also describe new technologies for visualizing the extracranial vessels in the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). RECENT FINDINGS: Newer OCT modalities are expanding the evaluation of the optic disc, and are being applied to a number of neurologic conditions such as demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease. Swept-source OCT and enhanced-depth imaging OCT are refining the fine-grained analysis of the optic nerve head in the diagnosis of papilledema and optic nerve drusen...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135812/optic-nerve-head-drusen-the-relationship-between-intraocular-pressure-and-optic-nerve-structure-and-function
#4
Kaitlyn W Nolan, Michael S Lee, Rohan A Jalalizadeh, Kevin C Firl, Gregory P Van Stavern, Collin M McClelland
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether at the time of diagnosis, the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) correlates with the perimetric mean deviation (PMD) and the mean retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness on optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This retrospective chart review included adults with ONHD from 2 academic medical centers. Inclusion criteria were age older than 18 years, definitive diagnosis of ONHD, measurement of IOP, and an automated visual field (VF) within 3 months of diagnosis...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133640/evaluation-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-parameters-in-ocular-hypertension-preperimetric-and-early-glaucoma
#5
Tuğba Aydogan, BetÜl İlkay Sezgin Akçay, Esra Kardeş, Ahmet Ergin
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic ability of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), macular, optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in healthy subjects, ocular hypertension (OHT), preperimetric glaucoma (PPG), and early glaucoma (EG) patients, to reveal factors affecting the diagnostic ability of spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) parameters and risk factors for glaucoma. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-six eyes (89 healthy, 77 OHT, 94 PPG, and 66 EG eyes) were analyzed...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131901/comparison-of-foveal-macular-and-peripapillary-intraretinal-thicknesses-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-neurotypical-subjects
#6
José Javier García-Medina, María García-Piñero, Mónica Del-Río-Vellosillo, Jesarán Fares-Valdivia, Ana Belén Ragel-Hernández, Salvador Martínez-Saura, María Dolores Cárcel-López, Vicente Zanon-Moreno, María Dolores Pinazo-Duran, María Paz Villegas-Pérez
Purpose: To compare thicknesses of intraretinal layers segmented by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and neurotypical (NT) individuals. Methods: We performed 2 scans on 108 eyes from 54 participants (27 high-functioning ASD and 27 age- and sex-matched NT subjects): macular fast volume and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL). Macula was automatically segmented. The mean foveal and macular thickness of nine different layers and the thickness of nine pRNFL sectors were considered...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120259/signal-alteration-in-the-optic-nerve-head-on-3d-t2-weighted-mri-a-potential-neuroimaging-sign-of-glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy
#7
Jong Yeon Lee, Hyo Jeong Kwon, Su Jin Park, Chungkwon Yoo, Yong Yeon Kim, Eung Yeop Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate whether a signal alteration (SA) in the optic nerve head (ONH) on 3D T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with glaucomatous optic neuropathy Materials and Methods: A total of 35 patients with bilateral open-angle glaucoma and 31 age-matched controls underwent 3D high-resolution (0.98 × 0.98 × 1 mm(3)) T2-weighted MRI and detailed ophthalmologic examinations including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Two independent reviewers blinded to subject data determined mild or prominent SA on 3D T2-weighted MRI for the incomplete or complete loss of ocular hypointense continuity in the ONH, respectively...
November 9, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119022/bruch-s-membrane-opening-minimum-rim-width-measurement-with-sd-oct-a-method-to-correct-for-the-opening-size-of-bruch-s-membrane
#8
Robert Kromer, Martin Stephan Spitzer
A precise evaluation of the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) is key for diagnosing and monitoring glaucoma. The Bruch's membrane opening minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) has been proposed as a reproducible assessment of the optic nerve. The BMO-MRW measures the minimum distance from the BMO to the internal limiting membrane. We propose an approach to correct the BMO-MRW using the BMO size for increased accuracy in interindividual comparisons in future studies. Eighty-one healthy patients received SPECTRALIS spectral domain optical coherence tomography measurements for the peripapillary RNFLT and BMO-MRW...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110446/dense-concentric-circle-scanning-protocol-for-measuring-pulsatile-retinal-blood-flow-in-rats-with-doppler-optical-coherence-tomography
#9
Bingyao Tan, Zohreh Hosseinaee, Kostadinka Bizheva
The variability in the spatial orientation of retinal blood vessels near the optic nerve head (ONH) results in imprecision of the measured Doppler angle and therefore the pulsatile blood flow (BF), when those parameters are evaluated using Doppler OCT imaging protocols based on dual-concentric circular scans. Here, we utilized a dense concentric circle scanning protocol and evaluated its precision for measuring pulsatile retinal BF in rats for different numbers of the circular scans. An spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system operating in the 1060-nm spectral range with image acquisition rate of 47,000 A-scans/s was used to acquire concentric circular scans centered at the rat's ONH, with diameters ranging from 0...
November 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103960/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-peripapillary-choroidal-thinning-in-healthy-and-glaucoma-subjects
#10
Rusdeep S Mundae, Linda M Zangwill, Sami Kabbara, Naama Hammel, Christopher Bowd, Felipe Medeiros, Christopher A Girkin, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Robert N Weinreb, Akram Belghith
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of peripapillary choroidal thinning in glaucoma patients and healthy controls using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: Participants from the multicenter African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES) and Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS) were included. The San Diego Automated Segmentation Algorithm (SALSA) was used to automatically segment and measure peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) from circle scans centered on the optic nerve head...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102825/a-hybrid-method-for-3d-mosaicing-of-oct-images-of-macula-and-optic-nerve-head
#11
Alieh Ahdi, Hossein Rabbani, Alireza Vard
A mosaiced image is the result of merging two or more images with overlapping area in order to generate a high resolution panorama of a large scene. A wide view of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images can help clinicians in diagnosis by enabling simultaneous analysis of different portions of the gathered information. In this paper, we present a novel method for mosaicing of 3D OCT images of macula and Optic Nerve Head (ONH) that is carried out in two phases; registration of OCT projections and mosaicing of B-scans...
October 31, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101456/clinical-characteristics-of-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-seropositive-optic-neuritis-a-cohort-study-in-shanghai-china
#12
Guixian Zhao, Qian Chen, Yongheng Huang, Zhenxin Li, Xinghuai Sun, Ping Lu, S Yan, Min Wang, Guohong Tian
Qualitative and quantitative visual outcomes of Asian optic neuritis (ON) patients with seropositive myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies remain unknown. We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of new-onset ON patients in Shanghai, China between January 2015 and December 2016. Serum MOG and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies were detected using cell-based assays, and patients were followed-up for at least 6 months. The clinical characteristics and optical coherence tomography (OCT) results were evaluated in the MOG-seropositive optic neuritis (MOG-ON), AQP4-seropositive (AQP4-ON), and double seronegative (Seronegative-ON) patients...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101405/parapapillary-deep-layer-microvasculature-dropout-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-eyes-with-a-parapapillary-%C3%AE-zone
#13
Eun Ji Lee, Tae-Woo Kim, Ji-Ah Kim, Jeong-Ah Kim
Purpose: To explore the clinical characteristics of parapapillary deep-layer microvasculature dropout (MvD) associated with parapapillary γ-zone in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: A total of 150 eyes with POAG and 75 age- and axial length-matched control eyes, both having parapapillary γ-zone as determined by spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT), were included. Parapapillary MvD was defined as a focal sectoral capillary dropout without any visible microvascular network identified in deep-layer en-face images obtained using swept-source OCT angiography (OCTA)...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090852/macular-thinning-in-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes-without-diabetic-retinopathy-the-maastricht-study
#14
Eline E B De Clerck, Jan S A G Schouten, Tos T J M Berendschot, Fleur Goezinne, Pieter C Dagnelie, Nicolaas C Schaper, Miranda T Schram, Coen D A Stehouwer, Carroll A B Webers
PURPOSE: To assess macular thinning in individuals with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes without diabetic retinopathy (DM2 w/o DR) compared with individuals with normal glucose metabolism (NGM). METHODS: Using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), we measured macular thickness in six subfields as defined by the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) in 1838 participants from The Maastricht Study, a population-based cohort study (mean age 59 ± 8 years, 49% men, 1087 NGM, 279 prediabetes, 472 DM2 w/o DR)...
November 1, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075764/the-effect-of-acutely-elevated-intraocular-pressure-on-the-functional-and-blood-flow-responses-of-the-rat-retina-to-flicker-stimulation
#15
Bingyao Tan, Benjamin MacLellan, Erik Mason, Kostadinka K Bizheva
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of acutely elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) on the functional and blood flow responses of the rat retina to flicker stimulation. Methods: Brown Norway (n = 15) rats were dark-adapted before ketamine/xylazine anesthesia. IOP was raised acutely in one eye to ∼45 mm Hg with a vascular loop. In 11 rats, white light flicker stimulus (10 Hz, 2 seconds duration, 0.80 log scotopic cd·s/m2) was applied before and during IOP elevation, and 10 minutes after loop removal...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068913/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#16
Maged Alnawaiseh, Friederike Schubert, Peter Heiduschka, Nicole Eter
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between the flow density measured by optical coherence tomography angiography and functional parameters in patients with retinitis pigmentosa. METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 patients with retinitis pigmentosa and 21 eyes of 21 healthy subjects were prospectively included in this study. Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed using RTVue XR Avanti with AngioVue (Optovue Inc). The macula was imaged with a 6 × 6-mm scan, whereas for the optic nerve head a 4...
October 24, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066838/optimization-strategies-for-bruch-s-membrane-opening-minimum-rim-area-calculation-sequential-versus-simultaneous-minimization
#17
Philip Enders, Werner Adler, Friederike Schaub, Manuel M Hermann, Michael Diestelhorst, Thomas Dietlein, Claus Cursiefen, Ludwig M Heindl
To compare a simultaneously optimized continuous minimum rim surface parameter between Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) and the internal limiting membrane to the standard sequential minimization used for calculating the BMO minimum rim area in spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). In this case-control, cross-sectional study, 704 eyes of 445 participants underwent SD-OCT of the optic nerve head (ONH), visual field testing, and clinical examination. Globally and clock-hour sector-wise optimized BMO-based minimum rim area was calculated independently...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063741/optic-nerve-head-hemorrhages-associated-with-posterior-vitreous-detachment
#18
Philip J Polkinghorne
PURPOSE: To report and evaluate the clinical and optical coherence tomography (OCT) features of optic nerve hemorrhages (ONH) associated with spontaneous posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). DESIGN: A prospective case series conducted at a private ophthalmic practice in Auckland, New Zealand. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients presenting at a private multispecialty practice in Auckland, New Zealand, with symptoms of PVD with ONH underwent imaging of the optic nerve with digital retinal photography and OCT...
October 24, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060165/exact-localization-of-breakpoints-of-retinal-pigment-epithelium-in-optical-coherence-tomography-of-optic-nerve-head
#19
Marzieh Mokhtari, Hossein Rabbani, Alireza Mehri-Dehnavi, Rahele Kafieh
Automatic segmentation of retinal boundaries in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) acquired around Optic Nerve Head (ONH) is of high importance, due to anatomical structure of this area. Exclusion of this area from calculations is a prevalent method but for cases like calculation of disc margins, it is not applicable. The pro-posed method is designed for exact localization of Retinal pigment epithelium break points in ONH centered OCTs. The method is based on incorporation of ridgelet transform for determination of the ONH region and consequent identification of the end points...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057163/characterization-of-long-working-distance-optical-coherence-tomography-for-imaging-of-pediatric-retinal-pathology
#20
Ruobing Qian, Oscar M Carrasco-Zevallos, Shwetha Mangalesh, Neeru Sarin, Lejla Vajzovic, Sina Farsiu, Joseph A Izatt, Cynthia A Toth
PURPOSE: We determined the feasibility of fovea and optic nerve head imaging with a long working distance (LWD) swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) prototype in adults, teenagers, and young children. METHODS: A prototype swept source OCT system with a LWD (defined as distance from the last optical element of the imaging system to the eye) of 350 mm with custom fixation targets was developed to facilitate imaging of children. Imaging was performed in 49 participants from three age groups: 26 adults, 16 children 13 to 18 years old (teenagers), and seven children under 6 years old (young children) under an approved institutional review board protocol...
October 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
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