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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222654/is-coronary-arteritis-a-feature-in-secondary-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#1
Beng Teong See, Ke Xin Yip, Hak Lee Ang
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is rare. Although Kawasaki disease (KD) has been reported as a precursor to HLH, coronary arteritis occurring at the onset of secondary HLH, not in association with KD, has not been reported. An 8-year-old girl presented with virus-induced secondary HLH associated with a giant aneurysm and ectasia of the coronary arteries which was detected incidentally at onset of the disease. She did not fulfill the criteria for diagnosis of KD. The coronary lesions improved after 6 months of treatment with dexamethasone and etoposide...
February 22, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217887/gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-in-systemic-sclerosis-where-do-we-stand
#2
REVIEW
Hala El-Gendy, Kyrillus S Shohdy, Gehad G Maghraby, Kerolos Abadeer, Moustafa Mahmoud
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) continues to be a challenge in both diagnosis and treatment. GAVE has a diverse group of associations and presumed causes, including cirrhosis, chronic renal failure and autoimmune connective tissue diseases. However, in most occasions, the management plan of GAVE itself is the same whatever the underlying disease by using Argon plasma coagulation (APC). Herein, we will discuss three cases of systemic sclerosis-associated GAVE presenting with either acute or chronic gastrointestinal bleeding showing variable responses to APC...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192838/topography-guided-prk-and-crosslinking-in-eyes-with-keratoconus-and-post-lasik-ectasia
#3
T M Müller, A P Lange
Topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (TG-PRK) combined with corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) has been shown to potentially improve vision and stabilize progression in patients with keratoconus (KC). We attempted to reproduce the previously published results using a different laser platform (AMARIS 500E) in patients with KC and post-LASIK ectasia (PLE). All of the 9 included eyes showed improved topography (Kmax, Kmean, RMS HOA, vertical coma, cylinder; p < 0.05) and improved visual acuity (BCVA, UCVA; p < 0...
February 13, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187010/imaging-the-canaliculops-with-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-and-anterior-segment-ocular-coherence-tomography
#4
Swati Singh, Mohammad Javed Ali, Hari Kumar Peguda, Milind N Naik
Canaliculops is a noninflammatory and noninfectious ectasia of the canaliculus with serous fluid accumulation. Currently, the etiology is uncertain. To the best of the authors' knowledge only 6 confirmed cases have been published earlier; however, the imaging features were not described. The authors report the ultrasound biomicroscopic and ocular coherence tomography features of a histopathologically proven canaliculops.
February 9, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168049/photorefractive-keratectomy-for-residual-myopia-after-myopic-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#5
Kamal A M Solaiman, Sameh M Fouda, Ashraf Bor'i, Haitham Y Al-Nashar
Purpose. To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and predictability of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on the corneal flap for correction of residual myopia following myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Patients and Methods. A retrospective study on eyes retreated by PRK on the corneal flap for residual myopia after LASIK. All eyes had no enough stroma after LASIK sufficient for LASIK enhancement. Data included spherical equivalent (SE), uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity (UCVA and BCVA), central pachymetry, corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs), corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), and corneal haze...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150401/evaluation-of-longitudinal-left-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-ectasia-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-by-2d-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#6
Hasan Aghajani, Mohsen Faal, Ali Hosseinsabet
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as the dilation of at least one segment of the coronary arteries that reaches at least 1.5 times the size of a normal neighboring segment. It has been shown that left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is impaired in patients with CAE. Also, it has been shown that LV function is impaired in vitamin D-deficient subjects compared with vitamin D-sufficient subjects and vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in CAE patients. We hypothesized that LV function is impaired in patients with CAE so we evaluated longitudinal LV myocardial function by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) in patients with CAE and vitamin D deficiency without significant coronary artery stenosis and compared the results with those of subjects with vitamin D deficiency and near-normal coronary arteries...
February 2, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149587/duct-ectasia-in-an-accessory-breast-successfully-treated-with-a-flap-technique-a-case-report
#7
Xiaohui Zhang, Stephen R Grobmyer, Yujing Wang, Qiang Sun, Hanyuan Huang
Herein, we report a case of duct ectasia in an accessory breast. A 39-year-old, non-lactating Chinese female presented with a recurrent lesion in the right axillary accessory breast. Physical examination and ultrasound revealed an extensive multifocal inflammatory lesion with a size of 10 cm × 7 cm. Antibiotic therapy and a drainage procedure were unsuccessful during the past year. Because of the patient's severe recurrent lesion, we performed an accessory breast excision and then developed an additional flap to achieve primary suture and healing...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143891/genome-wide-methylation-profiles-in-coronary-artery-ectasia
#8
Tzu-Pin Lu, Nai-Chen Chuang, Chin-Yu Cheng, Cheng-An Hsu, Yi-Chih Wang, Yen-Hong Lin, Jen-Kuang Lee, Cho-Kai Wu, Juey-Jen Hwang, Lian-Yu Lin, Shih-Fan Sherri Yeh, Kuo-Liang Chien, Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a disease characterized by abnormally dilated coronary arteries. The mechanism of CAE remains unclear, and its treatment is limited. Previous studies showed that risk factors for CAE are related to changes in DNA methylation. However, no systematic investigation of methylation profiles has been performed. Therefore, we compared methylation profiles between 12 CAE patients and 12 propensity-matched individuals with normal coronary arteries using microarrays (Illumina HumanMethylation450)...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139210/v-shape-noncoronary-sinus-remodeling-in-ascending-aortic-aneurysm-and-aortic-root-ectasia
#9
John A Elefteriades, Sven Peterss, Nariman Nezami, Gina Gluck, Wei Sun, Maryann Tranquilli, Bulat A Ziganshin
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to describe our initial experience performing a V-shaped single sinus remodeling procedure in patients with ascending aortic aneurysm and moderate aortic root ectasia. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients underwent supracoronary ascending aortic replacement with V-shaped noncoronary sinus remodeling (median age, 63 years [range, 56-77]; 10 patients [83%] were male). All patients had an ascending aortic aneurysm (median diameter 48 mm [range, 42-53]) and aortic root ectasia (median root diameter, 43 mm [range, 38-49...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125860/corneal-biomechanics-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Sabine Kling, Farhad Hafezi
PURPOSE: In recent years, the interest in corneal biomechanics has strongly increased. The material properties of the cornea determine its shape and therefore play an important role in corneal ectasia and related pathologies. This review addresses the molecular origin of biomechanical properties, models for their description, methods for their characterisation, techniques for their modification, and computational simulation approaches. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research has focused on developing non-contact techniques to measure the biomechanical properties in vivo, on determining structural and molecular abnormalities in pathological corneas, on developing and optimising techniques to reinforce the corneal tissue and on the computational simulation of surgical interventions...
January 26, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121950/coronary-artery-ectasia-presenting-with-thrombus-embolization-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-case-report
#11
Yongle Li, Chengcheng Wu, Wennan Liu
RATIONALE: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is characterized by an abnormal dilatation of the coronary arteries. CAE is often associated with the presence of slow coronary flow and may lead to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), even without total occlusion. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: We report a case of a 24-year-old male patient with CAE suffering from AMI. INTERVENTIONS: Percutaneous coronary intervention with aspiration thrombectomy failed to restore adequate blood flow...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109125/evaluation-of-left-atrial-function-via-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-ectasia
#12
Hasan Aghajani, Mohsen Faal, Ali Hosseinsabet, Reza Mohseni-Badalabadi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a segmental dilation of an epicardial coronary artery. Our aim was to evaluate the left atrial (LA) function in patients with CAE. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients with CAE and 33 subjects without significant coronary artery disease were included in our study. LA function was evaluated with two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). RESULTS: The systolic, early diastolic and late diastolic strains and strain rates were not statistically significantly different between the two groups...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106466/phototoxic-effect-of-topical-fluoroquinolones-administered-before-corneal-crosslinking-in-a-murine-model
#13
Victor E Reviglio, Matias Osaba, Gabriela Sambuelli, Irene C Kuo
PURPOSE: Corneal crosslinking by UV light (UV-CXL) has become a popular treatment for keratoconus and corneal ectasia. Fluoroquinolones (FQs), commonly administered topically before UV-CXL, are known to be phototoxic to the skin and lens. The purpose of this study was to investigate phototoxic effects of topical FQ treatment on murine corneas before UV-CXL, in which the corneal epithelium was kept intact. METHODS: Murine corneas were treated with various antibiotics with or without riboflavin before UV-CXL...
March 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089973/malignancies-in-patients-with-anti-rna-polymerase-iii-antibodies-and-systemic-sclerosis-analysis-of-the-eular-scleroderma-trials-and-research-cohort-and-possible-recommendations-for-screening
#14
Maria-Grazia Lazzaroni, Ilaria Cavazzana, Enrico Colombo, Rucsandra Dobrota, Jasmin Hernandez, Roger Hesselstrand, Cecilia Varju, Gabriella Nagy, Vanessa Smith, Paola Caramaschi, Valeria Riccieri, Eric Hachulla, Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Emmanuel Chatelus, Katarzyna Romanowska-Próchnicka, Ana Carolina Araújo, Oliver Distler, Yannick Allanore, Paolo Airò
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of anti-RNA polymerase III antibodies (anti-RNAP3)- positive patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in the European League Against Rheumatism Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) registry with a focus on the risk of cancer and the characteristics of malignancies, and the aim to provide guidelines about potential cancer screening in these patients. METHODS: (1) Analysis of the EUSTAR database: 4986 patients with information on their anti-RNAP3 status were included...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089285/thick-keratoconic-cornea-associated-with-posterior-polymorphous-corneal-dystrophy
#15
K Zaarour, E Slim, J Antoun, N Waked
INTRODUCTION: We herein report a case of bilateral unusually thick non-edematous keratoconic corneas with associated endothelial features of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD). CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 27-year-old myopic woman who presented for refractive surgery. Slit lamp exam showed bilateral corneal protrusion with diffuse deep stromal and endothelial vesicular opacities and small paracentral bands. Topography showed generalized advanced corneal steepening in both eyes with increased anterior and posterior central corneal elevations in comparison to the best fit sphere...
January 12, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088339/evidence-based-management-of-systemic-sclerosis-navigating-recommendations-and-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
Russell Edward Pellar, Janet Elizabeth Pope
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare heterogeneous connective tissue disease. Recommendations addressing the major issues in the management of SSc including screening and treatment of organ complications are needed. METHODS: The updated European League Against Rheumatism/European Scleroderma Trial and Research (EULAR/EUSTAR) and the British Society of Rheumatology (BSR) and British Health Professionals in Rheumatology (BHPR) guidelines were compared and contrasted...
December 9, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079513/high-dose-aspirin-for-kawasaki-disease-outdated-myth-or-effective-aid
#17
Gil Amarilyo, Yael Koren, Dafna Brik Simon, Maskit Bar-Meir, Hilla Bahat, Mona Hanna Helou, Amir Mendelson, Nofar Hezkelo, Gabriel Chodick, Yackov Berkun, Eli Eisenstein, Yonatan Butbul Aviel, Galia Barkai, Yoav Bolkier, Shai Padeh, Riva Brik, Phillip J Hashkes, Liora Harel, Yosef Uziel
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) plus high-dose aspirin (HDA) vs. IVIG plus low-dose aspirin (LDA) for the treatment of Kawasaki disease, with an emphasis on coronary artery outcomes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective, medical record review of paediatric patients with Kawasaki disease comparing 6 centres that routinely used HDA for initial treatment and 2 that used LDA in 2004-2013. Treatment response and adverse events were compared...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068447/corneal-ectasia-after-lasik-combined-with-prophylactic-corneal-cross-linking
#18
Suphi Taneri, Saskia Kiessler, Anika Rost, H Burkhard Dick
PURPOSE: To report a case of unilateral corneal ectasia following LASIK surgery combined with prophylactic corneal cross-linking (CXL) in a young patient. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Preoperative topography was unremarkable in both eyes with a minimum corneal thickness of 554 μm in the right eye and 546 μm in the left eye. Preoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 1.0 (20/20 Snellen) in both eyes with a refraction of +1...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060116/angiokeratoma-of-tongue
#19
Satvinder S Bakshi
A 9 year old male presented with diffuse swelling on his tongue since childhood associated with intermittent bleeding. On examination there was multiple, sessile, firm, pinkish, erythematous, shiny papules on both dorsal and ventral surface of the tongue. Angiokeratomas are vascular malformations of capillaries characterized clinically by asymptomatic, solitary or multiple, keratotic papules or plaques, and histologically by benign vascular ectasia of the papillary dermis. Treatment usually consists of local excision and intralesional injection of steroids...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060075/removal-and-repositioning-of-intracorneal-ring-segments-improving-corneal-topography-and-clinical-outcomes-in-keratoconus-and-ectasia
#20
Kahei Chan, Peter S Hersh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of removal and relocation of intracorneal ring segments for improving outcomes in treatment of keratoconus and corneal ectasia. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series conducted at a cornea and refractive surgery subspecialty practice setting. Patients with previous insertion of 2 intracorneal ring segments underwent surgical removal and repositioning of segments because of unsatisfactory visual and topographic outcomes. The principal outcomes included uncorrected and corrected visual acuities, manifest refraction, topography-derived maximum keratometry (Kmax), inferior-superior topography power difference (I - S), and higher-order aberration profile derived from wavefront analysis...
February 2017: Cornea
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