Read by QxMD icon Read


Qinghong Lin, Lin Zheng, Xiumei Lin, Qian Wang
RATIONALE: Recently, some ophthalmologists performed PRK or LASEK surgeries in FFKC suspicious patients, which is supposed to prevent FFKC evolvement via fibrotic scar formation. Our report indicates that keratectasia can occur after LASEK in FFKC suspicious patients, highlighting the importance of stricter regulation of patient recruitment before the procedure and postoperative follow-up. PATIENT CONCERNS: This is a report of a 25-year-old man with poor corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) 6 years after LASEK...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Thais Mauad, Felipe B P do Nascimento, Marisa Dolhnikoff, Milena C M Picka, Paulo H N Saldiva
BACKGROUND: Mortality related to asthma has decreased worldwide since the introduction of inhaled corticosteroid therapy in the past decades. However, there are still some asthma fatalities identified mainly in populations with less access to regular treatment. Pulmonary interstitial emphysema due to alveolar rupture has been rarely described as a complication of an acute severe asthma attack, and its identification in pathological analysis can be difficult. Previous studies reported the association of pulmonary interstitial emphysema and bronchial ductal gland ectasia in asthma...
March 20, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Yohsuke Yanase, Akihito Ohkawa, Satomi Inoue, Yukihiro Niida
In case of complete circumferential dissection of the ascending aorta, the dissected flap has the potential to fold backwards, causing several complications. We report two cases of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection (AAD) whose intimal flaps intussuscepted into the left ventricular outflow tract.Case 1: A 41-year-old man with AAD in whom transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed the dissected flap as folded back into the left ventricular outflow tract, causing severe aortic regurgitation (AR) with rapidly progressing acute pulmonary edema...
March 17, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Bhavana Sharma, Aditi Dubey, Gaurav Prakash, Rasik B Vajpayee
Surgical management of keratoconus (KC) has undergone a paradigm shift in the last two decades and component corneal transplantation technique of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty has established itself as a modality of choice for management of advanced cases of KC. Every now and then, new minimalist modalities are being innovated for the management of KC. On the same lines, a new technique, Bowman's layer transplantation, for surgical management of moderate to advanced KC has been reported in recent years...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Cedric W Pluguez-Turull, Jennifer E Nanyes, Cristina J Quintero, Hamza Alizai, Daniel D Mais, Kenneth A Kist, Nella C Dornbluth
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign inflammatory breast entity characterized by lobulocentric granulomas. IGM has a persistent or recurrent disease course and affects parous premenopausal women with a history of lactation. It has also been associated with hyperprolactinemia. The most common clinical sign is a palpable tender mass. However, the nonspecific manifestations and varied demographic features of this condition, as well as the other similar-appearing and superimposed breast entities, pose substantial diagnostic challenges...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Ozgur Haki Yuksel, Caglar Yildirim, Ahmet Urkmez, Nurver Ozbay, Fatih Uruc, Aytac Sahin, Serkan Akan, Ayhan Verit
OBJECTIVES: The most important treatment strategy for obstructive nephropathy is to protect renal tissue from the deleterious effects of fibrosis. Therefore, we sought to investigate the renoprotective effects of darbepoetin alfa on unilateral ureteral obstructions. METHODS: We used 12 female and 12 male 3-monthold Wistar rats weighing between 250 and 350 g. The rats were divided equally into sham, darbepoetin and control groups. With the exception of the sham group, left unilateral obstructions were applied to all of the rats...
March 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Pinar Kosekahya, Mustafa Koc, Mehtap Caglayan, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Cemile Ucgul Atilgan, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the repeatability and reliability of Belin-Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display-III indices and topometric indices with a Scheimpflug system (Pentacam HR) in normal eyes and keratoconic eyes. SETTING: Ulucanlar Eye Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: The same operator performed 3 consecutive successive measurements with the Scheimpflug device in the eyes of patients with keratoconus (keratoconus group) and healthy volunteers (normal group)...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Paul St Romain, Amanda Boyd, Jiayin Zheng, Shein-Chung Chow, Rebecca Burbridge, Daniel Wild
Introduction and study aims:  Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a mucosal abnormality associated with multiple conditions, most notably cirrhosis and systemic sclerosis, that causes indolent gastrointestinal bleeding. It is primarily managed with endoscopic therapy. Traditionally, GAVE is endoscopically ablated using argon plasma coagulation (APC) but radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is emerging as an alternative modality. No prior comparison of the 2 modalities has been published...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Elaine Fiod Costa, Luciano Moreira Pinto, Marcos Adriano Garcia Campos, Thais Mota Gomes, Gyl Eanes Barros Silva
BACKGROUND: Rhinosporidiosis is a rare chronic infection of the mucous membranes caused by the Rhinosporidium seeberi. Approximately 15% of cases of rhinosporidiosis are ocular, occurring mainly in the tarsal conjunctiva. There are only 11 cases of scleral melt with staphyloma formation associated with bulbar conjuctival oculosporidiosis and none of them was associated with partial regression of the scleral ectasia after a corneoscleral tectonic graft. CASE PRESENTATION: a 13-year-old girl with a progressively increasing black mass in the upper nasal part above the cornea of the left eye...
February 27, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Marek Jasinski
We present a modified bicuspid aortic valve reimplantation operation using a unique technique of second line, continuous suturing during implantation of the aortic valve scallop to the prosthesis that mimics stentless, minicylinder implantation.  The feasibility of bicuspid aortic valve repair with associated aortic root management has been demonstrated. However, this repair seems to be less durable than tricuspid aortic valve repair, and this may be partly because of the connective tissue disorders that are an inherent feature of bicuspid aortic valve disease...
February 12, 2018: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
Y Q Zhang, X Ye, D G Liu, Y N Zhao, X Y Xie, G Y Yu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of endoscopy-assisted sialodochoplasty for the treatment of severe sialoduct stenosis with concurrent megaducts. METHODS: From Jul.2010 to Dec. 2016, 8 patients presenting with severe parotid duct stenosis and 3 patients with occlusion of the Wharton's duct underwent endoscopy-assisted sialodochoplasty.All these patients had concurrent severe ductal ectasiaand manifested a painful swelling of the involved salivary glands.The diameter of ectasia and length of stenosis of the sialoducts were measured preoperatively by sialography, computed tomography, or ultrasonography...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Mohamed Nagy Elmohamady, Walid Abdelghaffar, Tamer Ibrahim Salem
PURPOSE: To estimate the concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in the tear film of cases with post-Lasik ectasia (PLE) to spot any role of these mediators. SETTINGS: Ophthalmology department, Benha University hospitals, Egypt. METHODS: Twelve eyes of 12 patients with PLE, 30 eyes of 30 patients with KC, 25 eyes of 25 subjects with uncomplicated Lasik and finally 25 eyes of 25 healthy subjects as a control group were studied...
February 24, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Thea C Godschalk, Marieke E Gimbel, Wouter W Nolet, Dionne J van Kessel, Giovanni Amoroso, Willem J Dewilde, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Paul W Janssen, Thomas O Bergmeijer, Johannes C Kelder, Ton Heestermans, Jurriën M Ten Berg
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine predictors of very late stent thrombosis (VLST; >1 year after stenting), and to evaluate whether addition of these predictors to the dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) score would improve the ability to identify patients at high risk of VLST who might benefit from DAPT. BACKGROUND: VLST is a severe complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Extended knowledge about the predictors of VLST is needed to prevent this life-threatening complication...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Matthew Bower, Mark Farag, Nicolas Phielipp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek
The aim of this work is to review the MR imaging of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions of the brain and spine in neurofibromatosis type I. Neoplastic lesions are optic pathway gliomas, brain stem gliomas, other gliomas of the brain, and peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Structural changes in the brain include unidentified bright objects, macrocephaly, and enlarged corpus callosum. Bony dysplasia changes as sphenoid ridge dysplasia, spinal scalloping, dural ectasia, and meningoceles. Vasculopathy and cortical cerebral and cerebellar malformations of the brain have been reported...
February 17, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Arul Thomas, David Koch, William Marsteller, David Lewin, Adrian Reuben
BACKGROUND: Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) commonly presents as linear striped ("watermelon stomach") or punctate phenotypes, to which a newly discovered nodular form was recently added. AIMS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to detail and compare the clinical and histological characteristics of major GAVE phenotypes. METHODS: In 136 GAVE patients (tertiary care ambulatory and inpatient, median age 61.3 years, 73 men, and 63 women), clinical and laboratory results were recorded, with comorbidities, endoscopy indications, and complications of cirrhosis...
February 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Massimo Lorusso, Roberta Zito, Eleni Nikolopoulou, Luisa Micelli Ferrari, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Giuseppe Querques, Tommaso Micelli Ferrari
PURPOSE: To describe a case of a 68-year-old man with macular telangiectasia (MacTel) Type 1 in the right eye, showing an increase in capillary ischemia after intravitreal ranibizumab. METHODS: The patient underwent complete ophthalmologic evaluation, including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, anterior segment and fundus examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCT angiography at baseline and on each visit. Fluorescein angiography was performed at baseline...
February 13, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Lei Song, Liang Li, Bin Liu, Dexin Yu, Fengguo Sun, Mingming Guo, Zhengmin Ruan, Feixue Zhang
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mammary duct ectasia (MDE) and breast cancer. This retrospective study was performed on 35 patients with MDE and 105 patients with breast cancer using US and MRI. Imaging features, semi-quantitative and quantitative parameters were analyzed to determine their diagnostic value for MDE and breast cancer. The average age of patients with breast cancer was increased compared with that of patients with MDE...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Andres Parra, Bryan M Roth, Taylor M Nguyen, Li Wang, Stephen C Pflugfelder, Zaina Al-Mohtaseb
PURPOSE: To describe changes in visual acuity in patients fit with the Prosthetic Replacement of Ocular Surface Ecosystem (PROSE) with irregular corneas compared to those with ocular surface disease, as well as describe patient demographics and fitting indications for PROSE at an academic medical center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from 2010 to 2016 on a total of 825 eyes from 493 patients fitted with a PROSE lens, and grouped by etiology, either irregular cornea/dystrophy or ocular surface disease and associated sub-etiologies...
February 6, 2018: Ocular Surface
Yusuke Namba, Toshiaki Yamanaka, Jun Ida, Takefumi Oka
A 79-year-old male with diabetes mellitus and old cerebral infarction was admitted to hospital due to fever and palpitation. Diagnosis of purulent pericarditis was established by pericardial effusion examination. The patient's general condition improved temporarily after drainage of the pericardial effusion. However, computed tomography demonstrated a saccular aneurysm arising from RCA have rapidly grown even larger, up to 63 × 51 mm on 7th hospital day. This indicated that the risk of rupture of the aneurysm was high...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"