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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779594/disorders-of-the-diaphragm
#1
REVIEW
F Dennis McCool, Kamran Manzoor, Taro Minami
Pathologic processes that involve the central nervous system, phrenic nerve, neuromuscular junction, and skeletal muscle can impair diaphragm function. When these processes are of sufficient severity to cause diaphragm dysfunction, respiratory failure may be a consequence. This article reviews basic diaphragm anatomy and physiology and then discusses diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to disorders that result in unilateral or bilateral diaphragm dysfunction. This discussion provides a context in which disorders of the diaphragm and their implications on respiratory function can be better appreciated...
June 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778635/a-critical-appraisal-of-11-th-century-treatise-by-ibn-sina-avicenna-on-the-anatomy-of-the-vascular-system-comparison-with-modern-anatomic-descriptions
#2
P Mazengenya, R Bhikha
Ibn Sina (also known as Avicenna in the West) was the most famous physician and medical scientist of the medieval era. His book, the Canon of Medicine comprised a vast collection of medical information ranging from basic medical sciences to specialised medical fields. Herein, we present an analysis of the cardiovascular system, particularly giving an in-depth comparison of the structural and functional anatomy of the arteries and veins of the body as described by Avicenna in the Canon of Medicine and comparing them to modern extant anatomical literature...
May 16, 2018: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769058/efficacy-of-standardized-training-on-a-virtual-reality-simulator-to-advance-knee-and-shoulder-arthroscopic-motor-skills
#3
Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E Bauer, Felix Wa Waibel, Dominik C Meyer, Christian Gerber, Sandro F Fucentese
BACKGROUND: Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is optimal for young residents is unknown. In this study we tested the efficacy of a standardized, competency based training protocol on a validated virtual reality based knee- and shoulder arthroscopy simulator. METHODS: Twenty residents and five experts in arthroscopy were included...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762910/-why-did-you-really-do-it-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-the-factors-underpinning-motivations-to-register-as-a-body-donor
#4
Jon Cornwall, Zoe Poppelwell, Ruth McManus
Individuals who register as body donors do so for various reasons, with aiding medical science a common motivation. Despite awareness of several key reasons for donation, there are few in-depth explorations of these motivations to contextualize persons' reasons for donating. This study undertakes a mixed-method exploration of motivations for body donation to facilitate deeper understanding of the reasons underpinning donor registration. A survey of all newly registered body donors at a New Zealand university was performed over a single year...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760363/-education-of-physiology-in-nursing-school-common-issues-and-measures-with-pharmacology
#5
Yuka Saeki
Anatomy, physiology or pharmacology is the important subject in nursing education. Nursing education is established in a law since 1951. Although the law is revised many times according to social situation, the subjects like physiology have been positioned as a basic specialized subject in the law now. Physiology is educated at 1st grade in most nursing school. However, there are some problems in educating physiology. First, academic ability in nursing students tend to decline recently. For example, there are some students who cannot solve simple arithmetic...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757817/brief-report-of-a-novel-advanced-practice-provider-led-course-for-ultrasound-novices
#6
Christan D Santos, Mariah Q Rose, Amanda D Tomlinson, Diane C McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formal training for ultrasound use is essential for critical care providers. Despite a national increase in the utilization of advanced practice providers in critical care, ultrasound education is not routinely provided in their training programs. This study describes and evaluates a 1-day advanced care provider (APP)-led course designed to provide fellow APPs with the skills to obtain and evaluate basic ultrasound images. METHODS: A 15-question pretest was administered via anonymous use of a clicker response system...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756600/the-development-of-neural-stimulators-a-review-of-preclinical-safety-and-efficacy-studies
#7
Robert K Shepherd, Joel Villalobos, Owen Burns, David Nayagam
OBJECTIVE: Given the rapid expansion of the field of neural stimulation and the rigorous regulatory approval requirements required before these devices can be applied clinically, it is important that there is clarity around conducting preclinical safety and efficacy studies required for the development of this technology. APPROACH: The present review examines basic design principles associated with the development of a safe neural stimulator and describes the suite of preclinical safety studies that need to be considered when taking a device to clinical trial...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#8
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724800/the-importance-of-quality-in-pulmonary-v-q-imaging
#9
April Mann, Mario DiDea, France Fournier, Daniel Tempesta, Jessica Williams, Norman LaFrance
As the healthcare environment continues to change and morph into a system focusing on increased quality and evidence-based outcomes, nuclear medicine technologists must be reminded they play a critical role in achieving high quality interpretable images used to drive patient care, treatments and best possible outcomes. A survey performed by the Quality Committee, Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging-Technologist Section demonstrated a clear knowledge gap exists amongst technologists regarding their understanding of quality, how it is measured, and how it should be achieved throughout all practicing technologists despite role and education level...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717380/selective-vs-global-renal-denervation-a-case-for-less-is-more
#10
REVIEW
Marat Fudim, Asher A Sobotka, Yue-Hui Yin, Joanne W Wang, Howard Levin, Murray Esler, Jie Wang, Paul A Sobotka
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review the renal nerve anatomy and physiology basics and explore the concept of global vs. selective renal denervation (RDN) to uncover some of the fundamental limitations of non-targeted renal nerve ablation and the potential superiority of selective RDN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent trials testing the efficacy of RDN showed mixed results. Initial investigations targeted global RDN as a therapeutic goal. The repeat observation of heterogeneous response to RDN including non-responders with lack of a BP reduction, or even more unsettling, BP elevations after RDN has raised concern for the detrimental effects of unselective global RDN...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698915/forensic-facial-comparison-in-south-africa-state-of-the-science
#11
M Steyn, M Pretorius, N Briers, N Bacci, A Johnson, T M R Houlton
Forensic facial comparison (FFC) is a scientific technique used to link suspects to a crime scene based on the analysis of photos or video recordings from that scene. While basic guidelines on practice and training are provided by the Facial Identification Scientific Working Group, details of how these are applied across the world are scarce. FFC is frequently used in South Africa, with more than 700 comparisons conducted in the last two years alone. In this paper the standards of practice are outlined, with new proposed levels of agreement/conclusions...
April 12, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698413/proof-of-concept-of-a-workflow-methodology-for-the-creation-of-basic-canine-head-anatomy-veterinary-education-tool-using-augmented-reality
#12
Roxie Christ, Julien Guevar, Matthieu Poyade, Paul M Rea
Neuroanatomy can be challenging to both teach and learn within the undergraduate veterinary medicine and surgery curriculum. Traditional techniques have been used for many years, but there has now been a progression to move towards alternative digital models and interactive 3D models to engage the learner. However, digital innovations in the curriculum have typically involved the medical curriculum rather than the veterinary curriculum. Therefore, we aimed to create a simple workflow methodology to highlight the simplicity there is in creating a mobile augmented reality application of basic canine head anatomy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687152/-double-standards-the-medical-student-kurt-gerstein-and-the-history-of-anatomical-body-procurement-in-germany
#13
Mathias Schütz
This article presents a hitherto unknown memorandum authored by Kurt Gerstein, the Confessing Church's resistance fighter and witness to the Holocaust. In this memorandum, submitted to the Reich Ministry of the Interior in April 1938, Gerstein deals extensively with the contemporary system of anatomical body procurement, its roots and predicaments. Putting the memorandum into the wider context of his discordant life allows a gap to be closed in Gerstein's biography, whereby his relationship with medicine presented a means of moral reorientation between a Christian requirement and the National Socialist reality...
April 23, 2018: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685887/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-infants-and-children-with-cardiac-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Bradley S Marino, Sarah Tabbutt, Graeme MacLaren, Mary Fran Hazinski, Ian Adatia, Dianne L Atkins, Paul A Checchia, Allan DeCaen, Ericka L Fink, George M Hoffman, John L Jefferies, Monica Kleinman, Catherine D Krawczeski, Daniel J Licht, Duncan Macrae, Chitra Ravishankar, Ricardo A Samson, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Rune Toms, James Tweddell, Peter C Laussen
Cardiac arrest occurs at a higher rate in children with heart disease than in healthy children. Pediatric basic life support and advanced life support guidelines focus on delivering high-quality resuscitation in children with normal hearts. The complexity and variability in pediatric heart disease pose unique challenges during resuscitation. A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association reviewed the literature addressing resuscitation in children with heart disease. MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases were searched from 1966 to 2015, cross-referencing pediatric heart disease with pertinent resuscitation search terms...
April 23, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673106/use-of-dynamic-images-in-radiology-education-movies-of-ct-and-mri-in-the-anatomy-classroom
#15
Hye Won Jang, Chang-Seok Oh, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Dong Su Jang
Radiology education is a key component in many preclinical anatomy courses. However, the reported effectiveness of radiology education within such anatomy classrooms has varied. This study was conducted to determine if a novel educational method using dynamic images of movies of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was effective in radiology education during a preclinical anatomy course, aided by clay modeling, specific hand gestures (digit anatomy), and reports from dissection findings uploaded to the anatomy course website (digital reports)...
April 19, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671736/exclusion-of-medically-necessary-gender-affirming-surgery-for-america-s-armed-services-veterans
#16
William M Kuzon, Emily Sluiter, Katherine M Gast
Gender dysphoria , the term used in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM ) to describe distress at the incongruence between one's gender and anatomy, affects approximately 0.6 percent of the population. It is estimated that there are 134,000 Armed Forces veterans in the United States with gender dysphoria. Although gender-affirming surgery is widely accepted as a medically necessary intervention for appropriately selected patients with gender dysphoria, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Health Benefits package and VHA Directive 2013-033 specifically prohibit gender-affirming surgery within Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities or using VA funding...
April 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663371/distribution-of-extracellular-matrix-molecules-in-human-uterine-tubes-during-the-menstrual-cycle-a-histological-and-immunohistochemical-analysis
#17
Carlos Godoy-Guzmán, Claudio Nuñez, Pedro Orihuela, Antonio Campos, Víctor Carriel
The uterine tube (UT) is an important and complex organ of the women's reproductive system. In general, the anatomy and basic histology of this organ are well-known. However, the composition and function of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the UT is still poorly understood. The ECM is a complex supramolecular material produced by cells which is commonly restricted to the basement membrane and interstitial spaces. ECM molecules play not only a structural role, they are also important for cell growth, survival and differentiation in all tissues...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660560/phloem-physics-mechanisms-constraints-and-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Kaare H Jensen
Plants have evolved specialized vascular tissues for the distribution of energy, water, nutrients, and for communication. The phloem transports sugars from photosynthetic source regions (e.g. mature leaves) to sugar sinks (e.g. developing tissues such as buds, flowers, roots). Moreover, chemical signals such as hormones, RNAs and proteins also move in the phloem. Basic physical processes strongly limit phloem anatomy and function. This paper provides an overview of recent research and perspectives on phloem biomechanics and the physical constraints relevant to sugar transport in plants...
April 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652578/mr-imaging-of-the-fetal-face-comprehensive-review
#19
Murali Nagarajan, Kedar G Sharbidre, Sudeep H Bhabad, Sharon E Byrd
The human face is a complex anatomic structure with an equally complex embryologic development. Derangement of the developmental process can result in various structural anomalies, which range from a mainly cosmetic deformity, such as cleft lip, to potentially life-threatening conditions such as arhinia. These anomalies (a) can occur as isolated anomalies; (b) can be associated with intracranial, spinal, or dental anomalies; or (c) can be a part of various syndromes, thus serving as diagnostic clues in such cases...
April 13, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652555/henry-herbert-donaldson-s-1857-1938-contribution-to-an-organized-approach-to-the-experimental-study-of-the-mammalian-central-nervous-system
#20
J Wayne Lazar
This article shows that the academic and research careers of Henry Herbert Donaldson (1857-1938) were directed to provide basic information about the growth of the vertebrate nervous system and to provide standards and the means to make such research efficient. He earned the reputation of making the albino rat a standard laboratory animal. His academic career began when he was an undergraduate at Yale University in 1875 and concluded with his death as Professor and Head of the Department of Neurology at the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology of the University of Pennsylvania in 1938...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
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