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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146551/dual-lumen-microcatheters-for-complex-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#1
REVIEW
Jacopo A Oreglia, Roberto Garbo, Andrea Gagnor, Gabriele L Gasparini
In some bifurcation anatomies side branch wiring can be difficult particularly when side branch is highly angulated. Furthermore a combination of bifurcations and chronic total occlusion can be a real challenge for interventional cardiologists. New devices have been produced to facilitate complex PCI and recently introduced dual lumen microcatheters can be really helpful in these scenarios. All these devices have both a rapid-exchange and an over-the-wire lumen. The rationale for dual lumen microcatheters is to preserve the highest number of side-branches...
October 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141306/-methods-and-advances-in-the-research-of-lymphatics-in-the-head-and-neck
#2
R Guo, J Tian, Y Jia, P F He, R X Jin, J Guo, B Q Wang
The lymphatic system plays an important role in human health and disease. In addition to a role in the immune response, the lymphatics can also serve as a pathway for cancer metastasis.Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers.In the case where the primary focus has been controlled, cervical lymph node metastasis is one of the most important factors affecting the prognosis of head and neck cancer.Thus, understanding the anatomy of the lymphatic system is of paramount importance in predicting cancer metastasis and to perform proper lymph node dissection in cancer patients...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138215/physiology-undergraduate-degree-requirements-in-the-u-s
#3
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Erica A Wehrwein
Course-level learning objectives and core concepts for undergraduate physiology teaching exist. The next step is to consider how these resources fit into generalizable program-level guidelines for Bachelor of Science (BS) degrees in Physiology. In the absence of program-level guidelines for Physiology degree programs, we compiled a selective internal report to review degree requirements from 18 peer BS programs entitled "Physiology" in the United States (U.S.). There was a range of zero to three required semesters of math, physics, physics laboratory, general biology, biology laboratory, general chemistry, chemistry laboratory, organic chemistry, organic chemistry laboratory, biochemistry, biochemistry laboratory, anatomy, anatomy laboratory, core systems physiology, and physiology laboratory...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127551/endoscopic-evaluation-management-of-bariatric-surgery-complications
#4
REVIEW
Allison R Schulman, Christopher C Thompson
Purpose of Review Bariatric surgery has become increasingly common given the increasing prevalence of obesity and its associated co-morbidities. As a result, patients who have surgically altered anatomy will be seen with increasing frequency by gastroenterologists. Recent Findings Complications that arise in this patient population are unique and require specific knowledge for appropriate treatment. Summary A basic understanding of surgical anatomy, possible complications, and endoscopic techniques for management is crucial...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121042/polish-translation-of-the-anatomical-quality-assurance-aqua-checklist-new-guidelines-for-reporting-in-original-anatomical-studies
#5
Brandon Michael Henry, Agata Marcinów, Przemysław Pękala, Dominik Taterra, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubss, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
Recently, an improvement of the quality of reporting and methodology in original research has been observed. Major fields in research have introduced checklists aimed at promoting clear and univocal reporting of methods and results. The basis of evidence-based medicine (EBM) lies in transparent reporting of primary studies. Although clinical research progressed rapidly into evidence-based guidelines, the basic sciences, including anatomy, just recently started to use the rules of EBM. No anatomy-specific standardized research checklist has been introduced so far...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116403/style-morphology-and-pollen-tube-pathway
#6
REVIEW
M M Gotelli, E C Lattar, L M Zini, B G Galati
The style morphology and anatomy vary among different species. Three basic types are: open, closed, and semi-closed. Cells involved in the pollen tube pathway in the different types of styles present abundant endoplasmic reticulum, dictyosomes, mitochondria, and ribosomes. These secretory characteristics are related to the secretion where pollen tube grows. This secretion can be represented by the substances either in the canal or in the intercellular matrix or in the cell wall. Most studies suggest that pollen tubes only grow through the secretion of the canal in open styles...
November 7, 2017: Plant Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103559/the-equine-fundus
#7
REVIEW
Gil Ben-Shlomo
Fundus is an anatomic term referring to the portion of an organ opposite from its opening, and the fundus of the eye is the back portion of the posterior segment of the globe, including the optic nerve, retina, and choroid. Clinically, the fundus can be visualized by direct or indirect ophthalmoscopy. Understanding the normal anatomy and appearance of the equine fundus is crucial for differentiating normal variations from abnormalities. This article reviews the normal anatomy and appearance of the equine fundus and discusses basic and advanced examination techniques...
December 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077751/use-of-ferrets-for-electrophysiologic-monitoring-of-ion-transport
#8
Niroop Kaza, S Vamsee Raju, Joan M Cadillac, John A Trombley, Lawrence Rasmussen, Liping Tang, Erik Dohm, Kevin S Harrod, Steven M Rowe
Limited success achieved in translating basic science discoveries into clinical applications for chronic airway diseases is attributed to differences in respiratory anatomy and physiology, poor approximation of pathologic processes, and lack of correlative clinical endpoints between humans and laboratory animal models. Here, we discuss advantages of using ferrets (Mustela putorus furo) as a model for improved understanding of human airway physiology and demonstrate assays for quantifying airway epithelial ion transport in vivo and ex vivo, and establish air-liquid interface cultures of ferret airway epithelial cells as a complementary in vitro model for mechanistic studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068942/eyelid-reconstruction
#9
REVIEW
Edward I Chang, Bita Esmaeli, Charles E Butler
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe eyelid anatomy and demonstrate full understanding of the critical structures and basic principles of eyelid reconstruction. 2. Evaluate individual defects, analyze the missing components, and formulate a reconstructive algorithm. 3. Anticipate potential complications and design effective strategies to manage and treat common complications following eyelid reconstruction. SUMMARY: Defects of the eyelid can result from trauma, burns, or resection of cutaneous malignancies...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064969/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-ischemic-heart-disease-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#10
REVIEW
Brittany S Fuller, Lynn Carlyle, Michele D Voeltz
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the United States. Obstetrician-gynecologists often are the sole health care providers for otherwise healthy women. Therefore, they must be aware of risk factors, signs, and symptoms of cardiovascular disease and be prepared to recognize and treat this condition in patients as well as provide referrals when specialized care is indicated. Women with cardiac problems typically present with chest discomfort; however, they also are more likely than healthy women to present with other common symptoms, such as shortness of breath, back pain, jaw pain, or nausea and vomiting...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064555/does-simulation-based-training-facilitate-the-integration-of-human-anatomy-with-surgery-a-report-of-a-novel-surgical-anatomy-course
#11
Kamil Torres, Marta Denisow-Pietrzyk, Łukasz Pietrzyk, Ryszard Maciejewski, Anna Torres
Knowledge of gross anatomy, as a basic core subject, is fundamental for medical students and essential to medical practitioners, particularly for those intending a surgical career. However, both medical students and clinical teachers have found a significant gap in teaching basic sciences and the transition into clinical skills. The authors present a Surgical Anatomy Course developed to teach the anatomical basis of surgical procedures with particular emphasis on laparoscopic skills while incorporating medical simulation...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063680/development-of-a-physical-shoulder-simulator-for-the-training-of-basic-arthroscopic-skills
#12
Laura C McCracken, Ana Luisa Trejos, Marie-Eve LeBel, Behnaz Poursartip, Abelardo Escoto, Rajni V Patel, Michael D Naish
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic training programs are incorporating arthroscopic simulations into their residency curricula. There is a need for a physical shoulder simulator that accommodates lateral decubitus and beach chair positions, has realistic anatomy, allows for an objective measure of performance and provides feedback to trainees. METHODS: A physical shoulder simulator was developed for training basic arthroscopic skills. Sensors were embedded in the simulator to provide a means to assess performance...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059269/the-practice-and-implications-of-finding-fluid-during-point-of-care-ultrasonography-a-review
#13
Rachel B Liu, Joseph H Donroe, Robert L McNamara, Howard P Forman, Chris L Moore
Importance: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is an increasingly affordable and portable technology that is an important part of 21st-century medicine. When appropriately used, POCUS has the potential to expedite diagnosis and improve procedural success and safety. POCUS is now being adopted in medical education as early as the first year of medical school. While potentially powerful and versatile, POCUS is a user-dependent technology that has not been formalized or standardized yet within internal medicine residency training programs...
October 23, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042213/morpho-functional-variety-of-the-coxal-glands-in-cheyletoid-mites-prostigmata-ii-cheyletidae
#14
S A Filimonova
Trombidiform mites are characterized by the presence of several paired glands in the anterior body portion united by a common conducting duct (podocephalic canal). Apart from the acinous (salivary) glands the podocephalic system includes a pair of tubular coxal glands (CGs) responsible for osmoregulation. The aim of the present study was to figure out how functional changes of acinous glands reflect on the corresponding CG. For this purpose, the anatomy and fine structure of the CG were analyzed in two mite species, Bakericheyla chanayi and Ornithocheyletia sp...
October 23, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032887/virtual-simulation-in-enhancing-procedural-training-for-fluoroscopy-guided-lumbar-puncture-a-pilot-study
#15
Saad Ali, Monther Qandeel, Rishi Ramakrishna, Carina W Yang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Fluoroscopy-guided lumbar puncture (FGLP) is a basic procedural component of radiology residency and neuroradiology fellowship training. Performance of the procedure with limited experience is associated with increased patient discomfort as well as increased radiation dose, puncture attempts, and complication rate. Simulation in health care is a developing field that has potential for enhancing procedural training. We demonstrate the design and utility of a virtual reality simulator for performing FGLP...
October 9, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018755/vertical-diplopia-after-cataract-surgery-overacting-and-or-underacting-extraocular-muscle
#16
Bing-Herng Shen
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate two cases of vertical diplopia after cataract surgery and to discuss the mechanism and types of strabismus caused by the local anesthesia with retrobulbar injection. Two cases of vertical diplopia after cataract surgeries were reported. They were operated by the same surgeon and both happened to the left eye and both presented with marked left hypotropia. The clinical findings consisted of overacting left inferior rectus (LIR) in case 1 and mixed overacting and restrictive LIR in case 2...
January 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945853/dr-albert-l-rhoton-jr-s-time-at-the-mayo-clinic-the-beginnings-of-a-remarkable-career
#17
Tarek Rayan, Matthew L Carlson, David G Piepgras, Michael J Link, Jamie J Van Gompel
Dr Albert L. Rhoton Jr became the focal point of neurosurgery's evolution in understanding the intricate and complex microanatomy of the human brain over the last 4 decades. His pioneering work on cadaveric specimens proved to be a pivotal endeavor in the pursuit to better understand the complex microsurgical anatomy of cranial surgery. This paper details his early career at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. A comprehensive review and synthesis of data acquired from the institutional historical archives including the Annual Reports to the Executive Committee, the Reports to the Board of Directors, the MAYOVOX Newsletter, the illustration archives of the Mayo Clinic Division of Creative Media, staff biographies, curriculum vitae, personal interviews, as well as full-text journal articles, and book publications was performed...
August 9, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934808/competency-based-teaching-in-radiology-implementation-and-evaluation-of-interactive-workstation-based-learning-to-apply-nklm-based-content
#18
Wolfgang Koestner, Wiebke Otten, Till Kaireit, Frank K Wacker, Sabine Dettmer
Purpose New teaching formats are required to implement competency-based teaching in radiology teaching. Therefore, we have established and evaluated two practical competency-based radiological courses. Materials and Methods The courses were held in a multimedia room with 25 computers and a professional DICOM viewer. Students were taught basic image analysis and presented clinical cases with a DICOM viewer under supervision of an instructor using desktop monitoring software. Two courses (elective course and obligatory course) were evaluated by the students (n = 160 and n = 100) and instructors (n = 9) using an anonymized online survey...
November 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932488/medial-elbow-pain
#19
REVIEW
Raul Barco, Samuel A Antuña
Medial elbow pain is uncommon when compared with lateral elbow pain.Medial epicondylitis is an uncommon diagnosis and can be confused with other sources of pain.Overhead throwers and workers lifting heavy objects are at increased risk of medial elbow pain.Differential diagnosis includes ulnar nerve disorders, cervical radiculopathy, injured ulnar collateral ligament, altered distal triceps anatomy or joint disorders.Children with medial elbow pain have to be assessed for 'Little League elbow' and fractures of the medial epicondyle following a traumatic event...
August 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928031/effect-of-curriculum-changes-on-student-performance-during-general-surgical-clerkship
#20
Elizabeth A Hagan, Bernard M Jaffe
INTRODUCTION: Good clinical knowledge of anatomy, taught in medical school, is necessary for practicing physicians. It is a key feature of performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 score. Student performance on anatomy is also an early indicator of overall medical student performance. Unfortunately, curricular time provided for the teaching of anatomy has declined significantly over the last 30 years, leading to growing concerns that the anatomical knowledge of new medical graduates may not be adequate...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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