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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344456/early-clinical-exposure-as-a-learning-tool-to-teach-neuroanatomy-for-first-year-mbbs-students
#1
Maitreyee Kar, Chinmaya Kar, Hironmoy Roy, Parmod Goyal
Context: Early clinical exposure (ECE) is one of the important tools to teach basic science to the MBBS students. It is one form of vertical integration between basic science and clinical subjects. This study is an effort at exploring the use of ECE as a motivational tool toward better learning in neuroanatomy for first year MBBS students. Aim: This study aims to make the students interested and motivated to study neuroanatomy by using ECE as learning tool in neuroanatomy and to make the students enable to retain the knowledge of neuroanatomy more efficiently and correlate the knowledge of neuroanatomy with neuromedicine...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337279/suprathreshold-fiber-cluster-statistics-leveraging-white-matter-geometry-to-enhance-tractography-statistical-analysis
#2
Fan Zhang, Weining Wu, Lipeng Ning, Gloria McAnulty, Deborah Waber, Borjan Gagoski, Kiera Sarill, Hesham M Hamoda, Yang Song, Weidong Cai, Yogesh Rathi, Lauren J O'Donnell
This work presents a suprathreshold fiber cluster (STFC) method that leverages the whole brain fiber geometry to enhance statistical group difference analyses. The proposed method consists of 1) a well-established study-specific data-driven tractography parcellation to obtain white matter tract parcels and 2) a newly proposed nonparametric, permutation-test-based STFC method to identify significant differences between study populations. The basic idea of our method is that a white matter parcel's neighborhood (nearby parcels with similar white matter anatomy) can support the parcel's statistical significance when correcting for multiple comparisons...
January 11, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325356/-the-role-and-significance-of-digital-reconstruction-technique-in-liver-segments-based-on-portal-vein-structure
#3
X J Zhou, Q Dong, C Z Zhu, X Chen, B Wei, Y H Duan, J Zhao, X W Hao, H Zhang, P Nie, B Hu, W J Xu, R W Shen, Z H Chen, K R Dong, Y Z Bai, Q Shu, W J Luo, F Gao, N Xia, Q Y Yu
Objective: To study the segment of liver according to the large amount of three-dimensional(3D) reconstructive images of normal human livers and the vascular system, and to recognize the basic functional liver unit based on the anatomic features of the intrahepatic portal veins. Methods: The enhanced CT primitive DICOM files of 1 260 normal human livers from different age groups who treated from October 2013 to February 2017 provided by 16 hospitals were analyzed using the computer-aided surgery system.The 3D liver and liver vascular system were reconstructed, and the digital liver 3D model was established...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325320/-anatomy-research-of-cervical-laminoplasty-with-preservation-of-the-posterior-ligament-complex
#4
H R Zhao, B S Xu, P F Shao, J J Xia, Q Zhang, W H Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of cervical laminoplasty with preservation of the posterior ligament complex for enlarging the spinal canal. Methods: Six up-to-standard human corpse specimens were divided into two groups by simple randomization (start from C4 group, S4; start from C5 group, S5; 3 corpses in each group). Decompression operation of C3-C6 level was performed in a predetermined sequence by using the new procedure with preservation of the posterior ligament complex.The basic depth of spinal canal was measured with a depth gauge at fixed point after the right bone groove of single level was completed...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300049/hirschsprung-disease-integrating-basic-science-and-clinical-medicine-to-improve-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Robert O Heuckeroth
Hirschsprung disease is defined by the absence of enteric neurons at the end of the bowel. The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the intrinsic nervous system of the bowel and regulates most aspects of bowel function. When the ENS is missing, there are no neurally mediated propulsive motility patterns, and the bowel remains contracted, causing functional obstruction. Symptoms of Hirschsprung disease include constipation, vomiting, abdominal distension and growth failure. Untreated disease usually causes death in childhood because bloodstream bacterial infections occur in the context of bowel inflammation (enterocolitis) or bowel perforation...
January 4, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299479/are-the-anatomy-textbooks-wrong-a-clinical-patho-anatomic-study-of-foveal-vessels-in-the-round-ligament-of-the-hip
#6
John W Barrington, Nipun Sodhi, Muzaffar Ali, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, James R Kee, Kristopher A Holmes, Omar Hariri, Jared M Newman, Michael A Mont
Background: The foveal vessels of the ligamentum teres are an anterior branch of the posterior division of the obturator artery, providing blood to the capitis of the femoral head. However, the basic anatomic description of foveal vasculature in the ligamentum teres of the hip is widely variable, with some studies reporting that the vessels are not patent in roughly one third of all adults. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the status of foveal vessels in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298475/neuropelveology-an-emerging-discipline-for-the-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain
#7
REVIEW
Marc Possover, Karl-Erik Andersson, Axel Forman
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition involving multiple, organ-specific medical specialties, each with its own approach to diagnosis and treatment. Management requires knowledge of the interplay between pelvic organ function and neuro-functional anatomy, and of the neurologic and psychological aspects of CPP, but no current specialty fully encompasses this approach. Neuropelveology is an emerging discipline focusing on pathologies of the pelvic nervous system on a cross-disciplinary basis. It involves a neurological/neurosurgical approach, combining the knowledge required for a proper neurologic diagnosis, confirmation by transvaginal/transrectal examination of the pelvic nerves, and advanced laparoscopic surgery in selected cases of CPP...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284918/telemedicine-in-cardiology-perspectives-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#8
REVIEW
Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Edin Begic
Introduction: Aim of article was to present perspectives of telemedicine in the field of cardiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and methods: Article has descriptive character and present review of literature. Results: Information technology can have the application in the education of students, starting from basic medical sciences up to clinical subjects. Information technologies are used for ECG analysis, 24h ECG Holter monitoring, which detects different rhythm disorders...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277300/innovations-in-preoperative-planning-insights-into-another-dimension-using-3d-printing-for-cardiac-disease
#9
REVIEW
Kanwal M Farooqi, Feroze Mahmood
Two-dimensional visualization of complex congenital heart disease has limitations in that there is variation in the interpretation by different individuals. Three-dimensional printing technology has been in use for decades but is currently becoming more commonly used in the medical field. Congenital heart disease serves as an ideal pathology to employ this technology because of the variation of anatomy between patients. In this review, the authors aim to discuss basics of applicability of three-dimensional printing, the process involved in creating a model, as well as challenges with establishing utility and quality...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243452/laparoscopic-appendectomy
#10
Ville Sallinen, Panu Mentula
Laparoscopic appendectomy has practically replaced open surgery. Appendectomy, i.e. surgical excision of the appendix, is one of the most common procedures of a specializing surgeon, and serves to help learn the basics of laparoscopy - first by following and later independently performing the operation. Properative preparation, precise diagnosis, correct surgical technique and follow-up treatment are the cornerstones of successful care. The anatomy of the patient must be considered in the placement of trocars...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#11
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243189/congenital-portosystemic-venous-shunt
#12
REVIEW
M Papamichail, M Pizanias, N Heaton
Congenital portosystemic venous shunts are rare developmental anomalies resulting in diversion of portal flow to the systemic circulation and have been divided into extra- and intrahepatic shunts. They occur during liver and systemic venous vascular embryogenesis and are associated with other congenital abnormalities. They carry a higher risk of benign and malignant liver tumors and, if left untreated, can result in significant medical complications including systemic encephalopathy and pulmonary hypertension...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231512/-discussion-on-dry-needling-being-part-of-acupuncture
#13
Zengfu Peng, Nenggui Xu, Zhaoxiang Bian, Canhui Li, Weidong Lu, Tao Huang, Shaobai Wang
We think that all the methods of puncturing into the skin to prevent and treat diseases are belong to acupuncture science. In spite of its basic theory of meridian and acupoint, anatomy and physiology have been important parts of modern acupuncture science. "Dry needling", however, is limited to trigger point theory. As for the positions, acupuncture is applied mainly at acupoints, involving in skin, muscles, tendons, vessels and nerves; while "dry needling" is used mostly at muscles. The needles of acupuncture are in various lengths and diameters and its manipulations are abundant, including the traditional skills and the achievements of modern science and technology research, such as electroacupuncture...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227056/the-value-of-supplementary-anatomy-workshops-for-improving-undergraduate-performance
#14
J Scott, G Louw, D Kahn
BACKGROUND: With many anatomy courses within the medical curriculum suffering reductions in lecture and dissection time, supplementary programs in anatomy have shown to improve performance of medical students. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of anatomy workshops on undergraduate anatomy grade performance. METHOD: From 2012 to 2014, mean anatomy and physiology scores of medical students who attended anatomy workshops were compared to those who did not attend...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218387/anatomic-parameters-of-the-sacral-lamina-for-osteosynthesis-in-transverse-sacral-fractures
#15
Yoshihiro Katsuura, Eileen Lorenz, Warren Gardner
PURPOSE: To analyze the morphometric parameters of the dorsal sacral lamina and pedicles to determine if there is adequate bony architecture to support plate osteosynthesis. METHODS: Two reviewers performed measurements on 98 randomly selected high-resolution CT scans of the pelvis to quantify the bony anatomy of the sacral lamina. Measurements included the depths of the lamina at each sacral level, the trajectory and depth of the sacral pedicles from the sacral lamina, and the width of the sacral canal...
December 8, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201038/anatomical-alterations-in-plant-tissues-induced-by-plant-parasitic-nematodes
#16
REVIEW
Juan E Palomares-Rius, Carolina Escobar, Javier Cabrera, Alessio Vovlas, Pablo Castillo
Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs) interact with plants in different ways, for example, through subtle feeding behavior, migrating destructively through infected tissues, or acting as virus-vectors for nepoviruses. They are all obligate biotrophic parasites as they derive their nutrients from living cells which they modify using pharyngeal gland secretions prior to food ingestion. Some of them can also shield themselves against plant defenses to sustain a relatively long lasting interaction while feeding. This paper is centered on cell types or organs that are newly induced in plants during PPN parasitism, including recent approaches to their study based on molecular biology combined with cell biology-histopathology...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197432/predoctoral-and-postdoctoral-education-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#17
Allison Buchanan, Karan Thachil, Chris Haggard, Sajitha Kalathingal
OBJECTIVES: As the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in dentistry continues to grow, questions related to appropriate radiation safety, training, and interpretation arise. Recognizing this need, the American Dental Association published an advisory statement for the safe use of CBCT in dentistry and recommended that guidelines for appropriate training be established. The purpose of this study was to assess radiation safety concerns related to CBCT and identify voids in current education on CBCT for the predoctoral dental curriculum and continuing dental education...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196588/understanding-stage-ii-bidirectional-cavopulmonary-shunts
#18
Cecilia St George-Hyslop, Jennifer Thomas, Linda G Fazari
Despite improvements in surgical technique and medical management, single-ventricle lesions remain one of the most challenging congenital heart anomalies to treat, and mortality rates are high. Most infants who have single-ventricle palliation undergo a sequence of surgeries to optimize pulmonary and systemic blood flow. The first surgery to separate pulmonary and systemic blood flow is the bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt. This article describes single-ventricle lesions and gives a basic overview of outcomes and strategies to improve interstage mortality...
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185894/student-perceptions-of-sectional-ct-mri-use-in-teaching-veterinary-anatomy-and-the-correlation-with-visual-spatial-ability-a-student-survey-and-mental-rotations-test
#19
Peter J Delisser, Darren Carwardine
Diagnostic imaging technology is becoming more advanced and widely available to veterinary patients with the growing popularity of veterinary-specific computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Veterinary students must, therefore, be familiar with these technologies and understand the importance of sound anatomic knowledge for interpretation of the resultant images. Anatomy teaching relies heavily on visual perception of structures and their function. In addition, visual spatial ability (VSA) positively correlates with anatomy test scores...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182506/opsins-and-their-expression-patterns-in-the-xiphosuran-limulus-polyphemus
#20
Barbara-Anne Battelle
The American horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus (Linnaeus, 1758) is one of four extant species of xiphosuran chelicerates, the sister group to arachnids. Because of their position in the arthropod family tree and because they exhibit many plesiomorphic characteristics, Xiphosura are considered a proxy for the euchelicerate ancestor and therefore important for understanding the evolution and diversification of chelicerates and arthropods. Limulus polyphemus is the most extensively studied xiphosuran, and its visual system has long been a focus of studies critical for our understanding of basic mechanisms of vision and the evolution of visual systems in arthropods...
August 2017: Biological Bulletin
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