keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hypertension, diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691997/mortality-after-endophthalmitis-following-contemporary-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery
#1
Philip J Polkinghorne, Niall Crosby, Bia Kim, Charles McGhee, Sarah Welch, Andrew Riley, Philip J Polkinghorne
IMPORTANCE: To determine if endophthamitis following cataract surgery is linked to increased mortality. BACKGROUND: Increased mortality has been linked to patients with cataract and cataract surgery. We tested the hypothesis that post-cataract endophthalitis has a greater risk of death than pseudo-phakes who don't develop this complication. DESIGN: Case control study conducted in a tertiary public hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study group comprised of 50 consecutive patients with post-cataract endophthalmitis and these were matched selected controls...
April 24, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691769/long-term-effects-of-chemical-warfare-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-and-chronic-medical-conditions-in-veterans
#2
Hamideh Safi-Aghdam, Mehrzad Shafie, Alireza Khoshdel, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
We investigated the association between exposure to chemical warfare and chronic mental/physical conditions. This was a secondary analysis of data from a case-control study on Iranian male veterans. Participants with neuropsychiatric disorders other than depressive/anxiety disorders, anatomical defects, or malignancies were excluded. Compared to non-exposed veterans, exposed veterans demonstrated significantly higher odds of PTSD [OR (95% CI) = 5.23 (1.98-13.85)], hypertension [OR (95% CI) = 5.57 (1.68-18...
April 24, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691379/mental-and-physical-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-is-related-to-baseline-comorbidities-and-improves-only-marginally-with-hepatitis-c-cure
#3
Paul J Thuluvath, Yulia Savva
The objective of the study was to analyze the relationship between patient characteristics and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with hepatitis C at the start of treatment, 2-12 weeks of treatment and ≥3 months post treatment using Short-Form 36 (SF-36). The eight domains and two composite scores of SF-36 were analyzed using 236 individuals. Compared to US general population norms, on average, the physical health scores were significantly lower for the studied hepatitis C population, while the differences related to mental health were between zero and small...
April 25, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691065/clinical-assessment-and-treatment-of-diabetes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
J Carretero Gómez, J C Arévalo Lorido
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is the main cause of chronic kidney disease. Patients with this disease have higher morbidity and mortality and risk of hypoglycaemia than those without this disease. In 2010, type 2 diabetes was the reason for starting renal replacement therapy in 24.7% of patients. The prevalence of microalbuminuria, proteinuria and a reduced glomerular filtration rate is 36%, 8% and 22%, respectively. The presence of albuminuria is a predictor of chronic kidney disease. Diabetic kidney disease, previously known as diabetic nephropathy, refers to kidney disease caused by diabetes...
April 21, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690773/therapeutic-inertia-in-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-event-attended-in-an-emergency-department
#5
José Antonio García-Macías, Antonio Palazón-Bru, María Ángeles Carbonell-Torregrosa, Miguel Navarro-Juan, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: As very few studies have assessed therapeutic inertia (TI) in antiplatelet therapy in patients in secondary cardiovascular prevention, we designed a study in our hospital emergency department to quantify its magnitude and its associated factors. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional observational study involved a sample of 223 patients with a history of cardiovascular disease and recommendation for antiplatelet therapy who attended the emergency department in a Spanish region in 2016...
April 25, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689321/gestational-weight-gain-and-weight-loss-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Daphna Komem, Lina Salman, Eyal Krispin, Nissim Arbib, Ron Bardin, Arnon Wiznitzer, Eran Hadar
AIMS: To assess the association of gestational weight gain or loss with adverse pregnancy outcome among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Retrospective study of all women diagnosed with GDM, from July 2012 to December 2016, stratified by gestational weight change according to the institute of medicine recommendations. Primary maternal outcome was glycemic control and primary neonatal outcome was large or small for gestational age (LGA or SGA)...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688734/assessing-the-relation-of-epicardial-fat-thickness-and-volume-quantified-by-256-slice-computed-tomography-scan-with-coronary-artery-disease-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#7
Maryam Mohammadzadeh, Vahid Mohammadzadeh, Madjid Shakiba, Marzieh Motevalli, Azadeh Abedini, Sakineh Kadivar, Pouya Entezari, Ali Mohammadzadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) as well as cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Complete medical records of subjects were reviewed and cardiovascular risk factors were recorded. Epicardial fat volume (EFV) and epicardial fat thickness (EFT) were measured using digital volumetry of acquired images using a 256-slice CT-scanner. Calcium score was measured using Agatston method in non-contrast images...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688733/drug-use-for-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-golestan-iran-results-from-the-golestan-cohort-study
#8
Mahdi Nalini, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Akram Pourshams, Hossein Poustchi, Maryam Sharafkhah, Hossein Bahrami, Farin Kamangar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, using cardio-protective drugs, in the community-level, especially in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to assess main drug use and its predictors in Northeast of Iran. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis on the Golestan Cohort Study data (2004-2008) with 50 045 participants. We assessed drug use in those with a history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) or stroke, recorded by face-to-face interviews...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688450/morphological-features-of-the-thoracic-aorta-and-supra-aortic-branches-in-patients-with-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-in-china
#9
Jin-Lin Wu, Liang Zhang, Jun-Tao Qiu, Cun-Tao Yu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the morphological characteristics of the dissected thoracic aorta and brachiocephalic arteries within the Chinese population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of computed tomography scans of 387 patients with acute Type A aortic dissection was carried out. The dimensions of the thoracic aorta at multiple levels and other imaging characteristics were studied. RESULTS: The patients with a maximum diameter ≥55 mm accounted for less than one-third of the population...
April 24, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688324/determinants-of-long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-angina-but-without-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Francesco Radico, Marco Zimarino, Fabio Fulgenzi, Fabrizio Ricci, Marta Di Nicola, Lasse Jespersen, Su Min Chang, Karin H Humphries, Mario Marzilli, Raffaele De Caterina
Aims: The long-term prognosis of angina in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) is uncertain. To assess the incidence of long-term adverse outcomes in such patients. Methods and results: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, the Embase database, and the Clinical Trials Registry for studies published in English until January 2017, assessing the composite primary outcome of all-cause death and non-fatal myocardial infarction using random-effects models to estimate pooled incidences...
April 23, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687969/correlation-between-changes-in-inflammatory-cytokines-and-the-combination-with-hypertension-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Qinghua He, Min Dong, Qi Pan, Xiaoxia Wang, Lixin Guo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the relationship between the combination with hypertension and the level of inflammatory cytokines in peripheral serum in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and to explore the value of inflammatory cytokines in predicting type 2 DM combined with hypertension. METHODS: A total of 120 patients diagnosed with type 2 DM in our hospital from March 2014 to September 2016 were selected. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed...
April 24, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687581/mortality-risk-is-still-higher-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study-the-ayrshirre-diabetes-follow-up-cohort-adoc-study
#12
Andrew Collier, Paul J Connelly, Mario Hair, Lyall Cameron, Sujoy Ghosh, Norman Waugh
AIMS: Type 1 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Numerous studies have demonstrated that outcomes for diabetes are improved by intensive glycaemic control, blood pressure control, and treatment of dyslipidaemia plus smoking cessation. The aim of this study was to compare mortalities in type 1 diabetes with non-diabetes subjects, and to investigate the effects of age, gender, glycaemic control, socio-economic status, hypertension, ischaemic heart disease (IHD), smoking status, body mass index (BMI) and dyslipidaemia...
April 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687477/obstetric-interventions-trends-and-drivers-of-change-a-20-year-population-based-study-from-iceland
#13
Emma M Swift, Gunnar Tomasson, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Kristjana Einarsdóttir, Helga Zoega
BACKGROUND: Population data on obstetric interventions is often limited to cesarean delivery. We aimed to provide a more comprehensive overview of trends in use of several common obstetric interventions over the past 2 decades. METHODS: The study was based on nationwide data from the Icelandic Medical Birth Register. Incidence of labor induction, epidural analgesia, cesarean, and instrumental delivery was calculated for all births in 1995-2014. Change over time was expressed as relative risk (RR), using Poisson regression with 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for several maternal and pregnancy-related characteristics...
April 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687045/behavioral-thermoregulation-in-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-co-morbidities
#14
Zachary J Schlader, Gregory L Coleman, James R Sackett, Suman Sarker, Christopher L Chapman, David Hostler, Blair D Johnson
We tested the hypotheses that older adults with cardiovascular co-morbidities will demonstrate greater changes in body temperature and exaggerated changes in blood pressure before initiating thermal behavior. We studied twelve healthy younger adults (Younger, 25 ± 4 y) and six older adults ('At Risk', 67 ± 4 y) taking prescription medications for at least two of the following conditions: hypertension, type II diabetes, hypercholesterolemia. Subjects underwent a 90-min test in which they voluntarily moved between cool (18...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686919/grinspan-s-syndrome-a-rare-case-with-malignant-transformation
#15
Numan Kökten, Lokman Uzun, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Tülay Zenginkinet, M Tayyar Kalcıoğlu
Aim: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the common chronic inflammatory, noninfectious, and precancerous oral mucosal diseases that affect the stratified squamous epithelium in adults. Grinspan et al. reported an association of OLP with diabetes mellitus and vascular hypertension and called that Grinspan's syndrome in 1966. We aim to present a case of Grinspan's syndrome with malignant transformation. Case Presentation: A 60-year-old man who presented with a ten-year history of OLP diagnosed clinically and histologically was referred to our otolaryngology department with a painless swallowing in the left buccal mucosa for 3 months...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686888/prevalence-of-selected-eye-diseases-using-data-harvested-from-ophthalmic-checkup-examination-of-a-cohort-of-two-thousand-middle-eastern-and-north-african-subjects
#16
Nehal M Samy El Gendy, Ahmed A Abdel-Kader
Purpose: To highlight the prevalence of selected ophthalmic diseases accidentally discovered at first-time screening of a large sample of patients from the Middle East and North Africa visiting a large referral university hospital checkup unit based in Cairo. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study of two thousand and thirteen subjects coming for routine ophthalmic medical checkups from different Middle East countries (mainly Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen). Patients were evaluated for prevalence of diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, ocular hypertension, cataract, and amblyopia...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686787/pattern-duration-of-stay-and-outcomes-of-medical-admissions-a-report-from-teaching-community-hospital-in-assir-region-saudi-arabia
#17
Mushabab A Al-Ghamdi, Aref A Bin Abdulhak
Background : Population-based studies are the gold standard to understand the burden of different diseases, plan health care policy and resource allocation, and provide an accurate estimate of disease several disease indices including mortality. However, population-based studies are difficult to undertake in a resource-limited situation where no robust data bases and disease registries are available. Therefore, hospital-based cohorts may be used to inform about the community health. Objectives: We sought to study the pattern of disease causing admission, hospital stay, and outcomes of medical admissions to King Abdullah Hospital in Bisha in order to inform clinicians, public health professionals, and policymakers about the current status of diseases within the community in Bisha...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686432/targeting-autophagy-in-obesity-from-pathophysiology-to-management
#18
REVIEW
Yingmei Zhang, James R Sowers, Jun Ren
Obesity poses a severe threat to human health, including the increased prevalence of hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, cancer, inflammation, sleep apnoea and other chronic diseases. Current therapies focus mainly on suppressing caloric intake, but the efficacy of this approach remains poor. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of obesity will be essential for the management of obesity and its complications. Knowledge gained over the past three decades regarding the aetiological mechanisms underpinning obesity has provided a framework that emphasizes energy imbalance and neurohormonal dysregulation, which are tightly regulated by autophagy...
April 23, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686379/maternal-early-pregnancy-obesity-and-related-pregnancy-and-pre-pregnancy-disorders-associations-with-child-developmental-milestones-in-the-prospective-predo-study
#19
Polina Girchenko, Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Jari Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Kati Heinonen, Riikka Pyhälä, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have linked maternal pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) with suboptimal neurodevelopment in her offspring; however, the literature is not entirely consistent. Whether these effects are muddled by maternal self-reports of pre-pregnancy weight and height, or are driven or amplified by the well often comorbid hypertensive and diabetic pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders, remains unclear. We examined whether maternal early pregnancy obesity is associated with developmental delay in her offspring, and if the associations are driven or amplified by diabetic and hypertensive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686026/favorable-modifiable-cardiovascular-risk-profile-is-associated-with-lower-healthcare-costs-among-cancer-patients-the-2012-2013-medical-expenditure-panel-survey
#20
Jai Singh, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Joseph A Salami, Haider J Warraich, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Erica S Spatz, Nihar Desai, Jamal S Rana, Salim S Virani, Ron Blankstein, Michael J Blaha, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and cancer are among the leading causes of economic burden, morbidity, and mortality in the United States. We aimed to quantify the overall impact of cardiovascular modifiable risk factor (CRF) profile on healthcare expenditures among those with and without ASCVD and/or cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 2012-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a nationally representative adult sample (≥40 years), was utilized for the study...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
keyword
keyword
59579
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"