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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458056/alcohol-and-cv-health-jekyll-and-hyde-j-curves
#1
REVIEW
Evan L O'Keefe, James J Di Nicolantonio, James H O'Keefe, Carl J Lavie
A routine of light or moderate alcohol consumption (≤1 drink/day for women and 1 to 2 drinks/day for men) were associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality, coronary artery disease (CAD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), heart failure (HF), and stroke. Conversely, heavy drinking, (>4 drinks/day) is associated with an increased risk for death and cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD). Excessive alcohol intake trails behind only smoking and obesity among the 3 leading causes of premature deaths in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457826/prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-professional-male-long-distance-bus-drivers-in-lagos-south-west-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Casmir E Amadi, Tim P Grove, Amam C Mbakwem, Obianuju B Ozoh, Oyewole A Kushimo, David A Wood, Michael Akinkunmi
BACKGROUND: Professional drivers are known to be at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study was carried out to highlight these risk factors and their predictors among male long-distance professional bus drivers in Lagos, south-west Nigeria, with a view to improving health awareness in this group. METHOD: Socio-demographic data, anthropometric indices, blood pressure, fasting plasma blood glucose levels and lipid and physical activity profiles of 293 drivers were measured...
February 19, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457344/nocturnal-hypertension-in-diabetes-potential-target-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-sglt2-inhibition
#3
EDITORIAL
Kazuomi Kario, Michael Weber, Ele Ferrannini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457265/the-role-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-on-hypertensive-related-aortic-stiffness
#4
Edoardo Sciatti, Enrico Vizzardi, Assunta Castiello, Francesca Valentini, Ivano Bonadei, Sandro Gelsomino, Roberto Lorusso, Marco Metra
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is strongly related to arterial stiffness in a cause-effect fashion. Diabetes mellitus is also thought to determine vascular damage, mostly by means of advanced glycosylation end-products (AGEs). Aim of our study was to study the role of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as regard ascending aortic elastic properties in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled outpatients with hypertension (n = 99) and type 2 diabetes mellitus plus hypertension (n = 42) without cardiovascular events...
February 19, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457196/the-landscape-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#5
REVIEW
O Kenrik Duru, Tim Middleton, Mona K Tewari, Keith Norris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this review are to identify population characteristics of important risk factors for the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in the United States and to discuss barriers and opportunities to improve awareness, management, and outcomes in patients with DKD. RECENT FINDINGS: The major risk factors for the development and progression of DKD include hyperglycemia, hypertension, and albuminuria. DKD disproportionately affects minorities and individuals with low educational and socioeconomic status...
February 19, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456639/analysis-of-effect-of-1%C3%AE-hydroxyvitamin-d3-on-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-and-risk-factors
#6
Xiang Gu, Feilin Dong, Jianhua Gu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the curative effect of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 on the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Fifty BPPV patients diagnosed in the ENT Department of Anzhen Hospital from October 2015 to December 2016 were randomly selected as the treatment group, and treated with 0.25 µg 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 once per day, in addition to the routine diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, 50 BPPV patients in the same period were selected as the control group, and received the routine diagnosis and treatment...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456424/diabetes-risk-assessment-in-latinas-effectiveness-of-a-brief-diabetes-risk-questionnaire-for-detecting-prediabetes-in-a-community-based-sample
#7
Adam B Scanlan, Catarina M Maia, Alberly Perez, Carol J Homko, Matthew J O'Brien
Objective: Numerous validated questionnaires use self-reported data to quantify individuals' risk of having diabetes or developing it in the future. Evaluations of these tools have primarily used nationally representative data, limiting their application in clinical and community settings. This analysis tested the effectiveness of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) risk questionnaire for identifying prediabetes in a community-based sample of Latinas. Methods: Data were collected using the ADA risk questionnaire and assessing A1C...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456347/the-evolving-pattern-and-outcome-of-stroke-at-moderate-altitude
#8
Deepika Dhiman, Sanjay K Mahajan, Sudhir Sharma, Rajiv Raina
Background: The people residing in hills of this Sub-Himalayan region traditionally have a distinct lifestyle involving high level of physical activity. However, increased urbanization in the last two decades has led to changes in lifestyle of people. The present study was an endeavor to document changes in the pattern of stroke in people residing at moderate altitude. Aim: This study was aimed to study the evolving trends in clinical profile, risk factors, and outcome at 3 months in hospitalized patients of stroke in a Tertiary Care Hospital situated at moderate altitude...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456222/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-cote-d-ivoire-an-analytic-study-conducted-in-the-department-of-internal-medicine
#9
Hubert Kouame Yao, Serge Didier Konan, Sindou Sanogo, Sery Patrick Diopoh, Amadou Demba Diallo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a public health problem because of its increasing prevalence. The objective of this study was to describe the current profile of CKD in our working conditions. This is a descriptive retrospective study of patients admitted for CKD during the period from January 2010 to December 2014 in the Internal Medicine Department of the university hospital of Treichville in Abidjan. CKD was defined by a glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL/min lasting for at least three months...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456216/the-cardiovascular-risk-factor-profiles-among-end-stage-renal-failure-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-intermittent-hemodialysis
#10
S A K Sharifah Zamiah, Che Rosle Draman, Mohd Ramli Seman, A Fariz Safhan, R Rozalina, N I Nik Ruzni
Cardiovascular (CV) event is the most common cause of death in dialysis patients. Both traditional and nontraditional CV risk factors related to malnutrition, inflammation, and anemia are commonly found in this population. This study was conducted to evaluate the burden factors of CV risk factors and its management in our regularly dialyzed patients. It was a single-center, cross-sectional analysis of prevalent intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients followed up in our hospital...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456207/medical-renal-disease-in-tumor-nephrectomies-the-silent-killer
#11
Rohit Tewari, Rajat Bajaj, Reena Bharadwaj
In tumor nephrectomy specimens, the evaluation of the normal renal parenchyma is often overlooked. A patient with both end-stage renal diseases (ESRDs) with a renal cell carcinoma is more likely to die of the ESRD rather than cancer. At the time of nephrectomy, a pathologist has a large amount of tissue available to him to comment upon the presence of disease in the nonneoplastic kidney. Hence, this study was undertaken with the idea of characterizing disease in the nonneoplastic kidney at the time of tumor nephrectomy...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455788/presence-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-south-asian-immigrants
#12
Sunita Dodani, Gyanendra K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: South Asian Immigrants (SAIs) are the second fastest growing Asian immigrant population in the US, and at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and coronary artery disease (CAD) than the general US population. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine in SAIs the; 1) the prevalence of CAD risk factors in diabetics and non-diabetics; and b) the high possibility of CAD in diabetic SAIs. We also assessed the prevalence of sub-clinical CAD in both diabetics and non-diabetics SAIs using common carotid artery Intima-media thickness (CIMT) as a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455616/is-the-fetal-cerebroplacental-ratio-better-that-the-estimated-fetal-weight-in-predicting-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-a-low-risk-cohort
#13
Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: In high-risk pregnancies combining the cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) with the estimated fetal weight (EFW) improves the identification of vulnerable fetuses. The purpose of this study was to assess the CPR and EFW's ability to predict adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a low-risk pregnancy, when measured late in gestation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of women who birthed at Mater Mothers Hospitals, Brisbane, Australia between 2010 and 2015...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455475/nutrition-education-in-the-care-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#14
Cheryl A M Anderson, Hoang Anh Nguyen
Diet counseling and nutrition education are recommended in the prevention and management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The importance of effectively addressing nutrition with patients has grown given the increasing prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes; conditions which influence CKD/ESRD. Dietary advice for individuals with CKD/ESRD can be seen as complex; and successful dietary management requires careful planning, periodic assessment of nutritional status, as well as monitoring of dietary compliance...
February 18, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455406/conversional-weight-loss-surgery-an-australian-experience-of-converting-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-bands-to-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#15
M Devadas, D J Ku
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity, capable of producing more than 50% excess weight loss at 10-year follow-up (James Clin Dermatol 1; 22:276-80; O'Brien Br J Surg 2; 102:611-17; Buchwald et al. Metab Syndr 3; 347-56). The success of bariatric surgery extends far beyond weight loss, with up to 80-90% of patients having improvement or resolution of many of their weight-related co-morbidities including type II diabetes mellitus and hypertension (Puzziferri et al...
February 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455215/stroke-and-seizure-continue-to-be-the-major-brunt-of-in-patient-neurology-care-an-observation-from-teaching-hospital
#16
Azra Zafar, Majed Alabdali, Rizwana Shahid, Danah Aljaafari, Fahd A Al-Khamis, Aishah I Albakr, Saima Nazish, Abdulla A Al-Sulaiman, Alon Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To assess the burden and describe the pattern of neurological disorders requiring admissions in a teaching hospital of Al Khobar. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross sectional study, carried out in the Neurology Department of King Fahd Hospital of the University from January 2009 to December 2016. Neurological disorders were grouped as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, transient ischemic attack, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, seizure disorders, central nervous system infection, multiple sclerosis, neuropathies, myopathies, headache, dementia and miscellaneous group...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454871/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-do-the-benefits-outweigh-the-risks
#17
REVIEW
Wilson Kwong, George Tomlinson, Denice S Feig
OBJECTIVE: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a number of adverse obstetrical outcomes, including gestational diabetes, macrosomia and preeclampsia. There is increasing evidence that bariatric surgery may decrease the risk of these outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the benefits and risks of bariatric surgery in obese women on obstetrical outcomes. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search using MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science and PubMed from inception up to December 12, 2016...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454566/determinants-of-stroke-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-multivariate-approach-from-the-national-health-survey
#18
Ícaro J S Ribeiro, Jefferson P Cardoso, Ivna V Freire, Mailson F Carvalho, Rafael Pereira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between biological-health, socioeconomics, and behavioral determinants and stroke by evaluating the risk of stroke in the presence of each or all determinants grouped in a multivariate model. METHODS: This study is a transversal secondary data analysis of the Brazilian National Health Survey, released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The prevalence, prevalence ratios, and confidence intervals were calculated for the main outcome...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454558/clinical-characteristics-and-management-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-treated-with-direct-oral-anticoagulants-according-to-blood-pressure-control
#19
M de la Figuera, S Cinza, I Egocheaga, N Marín, M A Prieto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics and management of hypertensive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) according to blood pressure (BP) control. METHODS: For this purpose, data from two observational, cross-sectional and multicenter studies were combined. In both studies, patients on chronic treatment with anticoagulants and that were on current treatment with DOACs at least for 3 months were included...
February 14, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454330/comparison-of-visceral-body-fat-indices-and-anthropometric-measures-in-relation-to-chronic-kidney-disease-among-chinese-adults-from-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ying Dong, Zengwu Wang, Zuo Chen, Xin Wang, Linfeng Zhang, Jingyu Nie, Congyi Zheng, Jiali Wang, Lan Shao, Ye Tian, Runlin Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity in predicting CKD among Chinese adults, distinguishing between 5 different adiposity indices: visceral fat index (VFI), percentage body fat (PBF), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). METHODS: A total of 29,516 participants aged 35 years or above were selected using a stratified multistage random sampling method across China during 2012-2015...
February 17, 2018: BMC Nephrology
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