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acute pancreatitis surgical complication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785309/colopancreatic-fistula-an-uncommon-complication-of-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis
#1
Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Omar Abughanimeh, Khalil Abuamr, Osama Yousef, Esmat Sadeddin
Colonic complications, including colopancreatic fistulas (CPFs), are uncommon after acute and chronic pancreatitis. However, they have been reported and are serious. CPFs are less likely to close spontaneously and are associated with a higher risk of complications. Therefore, more definitive treatment is required that includes surgical and endoscopic options. We present a case of a 62-year-old male patient with a history of heavy alcohol intake and recurrent acute pancreatitis who presented with a 6-month history of watery diarrhea and abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771770/biliary-stenosis-and-gastric-outlet-obstruction-late-complications-after-acute-pancreatitis-with-pancreatic-duct-disruption
#2
Motokazu Sugimoto, David P Sonntag, Greggory S Flint, Cody J Boyce, John C Kirkham, Tyler J Harris, Sean M Carr, Brent D Nelson, Don A Bell, Joshua G Barton, L William Traverso
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic duct disruption (PDD) after acute pancreatitis can cause pancreatic collections in the early phase and biliary stenosis (BS) or gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) in the late phase. We aimed to document those late complications after moderate or severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between September 2010 and August 2014, 141 patients showed pancreatic collections on computed tomography. Percutaneous drainage was primarily performed for patients with signs or symptoms of uncontrolled pancreatic juice leakage...
May 15, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756955/multicenter-study-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-non-critically-ill-elderly-patients-compared-to-younger-patients-study-iaios-pn-incidence-and-assessment-of-iatrogenesis-in-older-subjects-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#3
Javier Mateu-de Antonio, David Berlana, Montserrat Pons-Bussom, Maria B Badia-Tahull, María Teresa Miana-Mena, Beatriz Martínez-Castro, Neus Sunyer-Esquerrà, Mónica Sanmartin-Suñer, Juan González-Valdivieso, Elisabet Leiva-Badosa, Eva Martínez-Bernabé, Anna Murgadella-Sancho, Nuria Mirerachs-Aranda, Anna Vila-Bundó, Jordi Fernández-Morató, María Teresa Vitales-Farrero
OBJECTIVE: this study assessed the incidence of hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and liver function test (LFT) alterations among patients older and younger than 65 years receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). A secondary objective was to compare the incidence of any of these three events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: inclusion criteria were non-critically ill adult inpatients receiving PN for ≥ 7 days in 15 hospitals in Spain. Exclusion criteria were hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, LFT alterations, sepsis, shock, pancreatic/hepatobiliary surgery, renal failure, diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1, insulin-treated DM type 2, acute DM complications, or obesity prior to PN...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736167/mechanisms-and-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#4
REVIEW
Ari Garber, Catherine Frakes, Zubin Arora, Prabhleen Chahal
Acute pancreatitis represents a disorder characterized by acute necroinflammatory changes of the pancreas and is histologically characterized by acinar cell destruction. Diagnosed clinically with the Revised Atlanta Criteria, and with alcohol and cholelithiasis/choledocholithiasis as the two most prominent antecedents, acute pancreatitis ranks first amongst gastrointestinal diagnoses requiring admission and 21st amongst all diagnoses requiring hospitalization with estimated costs approximating 2.6 billion dollars annually...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716451/pancreaticopleural-fistula-a-rare-cause-of-pleural-empyema
#5
Wies Vanderbruggen, Vicky Dhooghe, Bart Bracke, Vera Hartman, Geert Roeyen, Dirk Ysebaert, Paul Van Schil, Thiery Chapelle
AIM: Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of acute or chronic pancreatitis. When the pancreatic duct disrupts, pancreatic fluid may leak into the retroperitoneum and fistulate into the pleural cavity. Patients usually present with thoracic complaints, making it hard to suspect an abdominal etiology. Although PPF is uncommon, one must consider this diagnosis in patients with thoracic complaints and a history of alcohol abuse or pancreatitis. METHODS: We present an illustrative case and review of the literature on PPF...
May 2, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623673/the-relationship-between-age-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-undergoing-pancreatic-resection
#6
Derrick Antoniak, Chandrakanth Are, Chad Vokoun, Kaeli Samson, Lynette Smith, Jason Shiffermiller
BACKGROUND: Severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) predicts adverse outcomes in patients undergoing pancreatectomy, but the impact of milder CKD is unknown. Additionally, some authors have suggested that, due to physiologic changes of aging, CKD is over-diagnosed in patients above age 65. METHODS: Patients undergoing pancreatectomy for malignancy from 2005 to 2014 were identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and major complication, defined as myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, stroke, venous thromboembolism, respiratory failure, deep surgical site infection, pneumonia, acute kidney injury, coma > 24 h, or re-operation occurring within 30 days of surgery...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580343/incidence-and-impact-of-variant-celiacomesenteric-vascularization-and-vascular-stenosis-on-pancreatic-surgery-outcomes-personal-experience
#7
Alejandro M Sánchez, Antonio P Tortorelli, Paola Caprino, Fausto Rosa, Roberta Menghi, Giuseppe Quero, Giovanni B Doglietto, Sergio Alfieri
Ischemic complications after pancreatic surgery can raise postoperative mortality from 4 to 83 per cent. Variants in vascular anatomy play a major role in determining such complications, but they have been only occasionally reported in the literature. We retrospectively analyzed 100 records of patients consecutively treated between January 2011 and December 2013 for resectable malignant diseases who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or total pancreatectomy to state the statistical impact of anatomical vascular variations in surgical outcomes (mean surgical timing, mean blood loss during surgery, and postoperative major complications onset) and to state whether preoperatively undetected vascular anomalies (VA) can raise the risk of postoperative ischemic complications...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563826/acute-pancreatitis-current-perspectives-on-diagnosis-and-management
#8
REVIEW
Adarsh P Shah, Moustafa M Mourad, Simon R Bramhall
The last two decades have seen the emergence of significant evidence that has altered certain aspects of the management of acute pancreatitis. While most cases of acute pancreatitis are mild, the challenge remains in managing the severe cases and the complications associated with acute pancreatitis. Gallstones are still the most common cause with epidemiological trends indicating a rising incidence. The surgical management of acute gallstone pancreatitis has evolved. In this article, we revisit and review the methods in diagnosing acute pancreatitis...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519326/fluid-collections-and-pseudocysts-as-a-complication-of-acute-pancreatitis
#9
REVIEW
Jack Braha, Scott Tenner
Pseudocysts evolve from fluid collections and/or disruptions of the pancreatic duct. They may occur secondary to acute pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma, or chronic pancreatitis. Lacking the clinical information, radiologists may inappropriately call a fluid collection or any cystic lesion a pseudocyst. With no clear history of acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatitis, this is rare. Complications include infection, intracystic hemorrhage, or rupture. Pseudocysts can become painful, especially with chronic pancreatitis, and can cause early satiety and weight loss when their size affects the stomach and bowel...
April 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460880/-outcomes-of-cardiac-achalasia-grade-ii-iii-management
#10
A P Koshel, S S Klokov, V A Alekseev, T V Dibina, N S Rudaya, K M Popov
AIM: To analyze early and remote results of the new method of cardiac achalasia grade II-III management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Original surgical approach was applied in 21 patients with cardiac achalasia grade II-III. RESULTS: There were no any specific postoperative complications and deaths. Exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, acute stomach ulcer and biliary peritonitis were observed in 3 cases respectively. All patients were followed-up within the period from 1...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450852/major-pancreatic-resections-normal-postoperative-findings-and-complications
#11
Marco Chincarini, Giulia A Zamboni, Roberto Pozzi Mucelli
OBJECTIVES: (1) To illustrate and describe the main types of pancreatic surgery; (2) to discuss the normal findings after pancreatic surgery; (3) to review the main complications and their radiological findings. BACKGROUND: Despite the decreased postoperative mortality, morbidity still remains high resulting in longer hospitalisations and greater costs. Imaging findings following major pancreatic resections can be broadly divided into "normal postoperative alterations" and real complications...
April 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430229/pancreatic-pseudocyst-ruptured-due-to-acute-intracystic-hemorrhage
#12
Kunishige Okamura, Masanori Ohara, Tsukasa Kaneko, Tomohide Shirosaki, Aki Fujiwara, Takumi Yamabuki, Ryo Takahashi, Kazuteru Komuro, Nozomu Iwashiro, Noriko Kimura
Rupture of pancreatic pseudocyst is one of the rare complications and usually results in high mortality. The present case was a rupture of pancreatic pseudocyst that could be treated by surgical intervention. A 74-year-old man developed abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea, and he was diagnosed with cholecystitis and pneumonia. Three days later, acute pancreatitis occurred and computed tomography (CT) showed slight hemorrhage in the cyst of the pancreatic tail. After another 10 days, CT showed pancreatic cyst ruptured due to intracystic hemorrhage...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397242/a-rare-case-of-acute-right-sided-colonic-diverticulitis-presenting-as-pancreatitis
#13
Maria de Lourdes Ladino Sturchler, Evan A Rusoja, Arun Nagdev, Barry C Simon
BACKGROUND: This case report highlights the clinical presentation, radiologic findings, and medical management of a case of right colonic diverticulitis (RCD) with concomitant pancreatitis, a rare and easily missed entity in the emergency department (ED) of Western hemisphere countries. In our report, we present and discuss a case of RCD that led to pancreatitis in a female Asian patient. We review the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of this disorder, and also discuss some complications associated with RCD...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383264/acute-duodenal-intramural-hematoma-complicated-by-acute-pancreatitis-a-rare-complication-of-endoscopic-epinephrine-injection-therapy
#14
Emmanuel Ofori, Tagore Sunkara, Eric Then, Febin John, Vinaya Gaduputi
Intramural duodenal hematoma (IDH) is a rare complication in endoscopic management of ulcer hemorrhage. Usually noted in cases of blunt abdominal trauma, non-traumatic IDHs have been reported in individuals on anticoagulation, with blood disorders, pancreatic diseases and in endoscopic procedures such as biopsy, sclerotherapy and argon plasma coagulation. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with acute blood loss anemia, abdominal pain or vomiting. We report a case of an 83-year-old man with melena and syncope who underwent endoscopy for bleeding ulcer control and subsequently developed acute pancreatitis due to an acute IDH...
January 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344783/endoscopic-treatment-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-complicated-with-pancreaticocolonic-fistula
#15
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Krystian Adrych
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticocolonic fistulas (PCFs) are serious complication of acute pancreatitis related with high mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of endoscopic treatment in patients with walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) complicated with PCF. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of results and complications in the group of 226 patients, who underwent endoscopic treatment of symptomatic WOPN between years 2001 and 2016 in the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of Medical University of Gdańsk...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324630/perforated-meckel-diverticulum-a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdomen-in-children
#16
Saurabh Talathi, David Kelly, Scott Anderson, Yoginder Vaid, Jose Mestre
Meckel diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract and the most common cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Although it usually follows the rule of 2's, exceptions to this rule are reported in the literature. Often asymptomatic, MD is commonly an incidental finding during surgical interventions. When symptomatic, the most common presentation of this condition is painless rectal bleeding. A myriad of other nonspecific symptoms are however possible, especially in adults, thus making this diagnosis difficult...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273876/surgeon-performed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-outcomes-of-2392-procedures-at-two-tertiary-care-centers
#17
Mazen R Al-Mansour, Eleanor C Fung, Edward L Jones, Nichole E Zayan, Timothy D Wetzel, Sara E Martin Del Campo, Anahita D Jalilvand, Andrew J Suzo, Rebecca R Dettorre, James K Fullerton, Michael P Meara, John D Mellinger, Vimal K Narula, Jeffrey W Hazey
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a common procedure that, in the United States, is traditionally performed by gastroenterologists. We hypothesized that when performed by well-trained surgeons, ERCP can be performed safely and effectively. The objectives of the study were to assess the rate of successful cannulation of the duct of interest and to assess the 30-day complication and mortality rates. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1858 patients who underwent 2392 ERCP procedures performed by five surgeons between August 2003 and June 2016 in two centers...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245311/role-of-enteral-nutrition-in-pancreaticocolonic-fistulas-secondary-to-severe-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#18
Binxin Cui, Lu Zhou, Samiullah Khan, Jianmin Cui, Wentian Liu
RATIONALE: Pancreaticocolonic fistula (PCF) is an exceedingly rare complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and has primarily been treated surgically, but a few reported cases are successfully treated with nonsurgical methods. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 32-year-old male presented to our hospital with chief complaints of sharp and persistent left upper quadrant abdominal pain radiating to the back. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography showed a pancreatic pseudocyst replacing a majority of the pancreatic parenchyma and PCF that formed between the pancreas and the colon...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226107/cholangitis-diagnosis-treatment-and-prognosis
#19
REVIEW
Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh
Cholangitis is a serious life-threatening situation affecting the hepatobiliary system. This review provides an update regarding the clinical and pathological features of various forms of cholangitis. A comprehensive search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge databases. It was found that the etiology and pathogenesis of cholangitis are heterogeneous. Cholangitis can be categorized as primary sclerosing (PSC), secondary (acute) cholangitis, and a recently characterized form, known as IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221438/double-catheter-lavage-combined-with-percutaneous-flexible-endoscopic-debridement-for-infected-pancreatic-necrosis-failed-to-percutaneous-catheter-drainage
#20
Pi Liu, Jun Song, Hua-Jing Ke, Nong-Hua Lv, Yin Zhu, Hao Zeng, Yong Zhu, Liang Xia, Wen-Hua He, Ji Li, Xin Huang, Yu-Peng Lei
BACKGROUND: Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a serious local complication of acute pancreatitis, with high mortality. Minimally invasive therapy including percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) has become the preferred method for IPN instead of traditional open necrosectomy. However, the efficacy of double-catheter lavage in combination with percutaneous flexible endoscopic debridement after PCD failure is unknown compared with surgical necrosectomy. METHODS: A total of 27 cases of IPN patients with failure PCD between Jan 2014 and Dec 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
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