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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427925/effect-of-home-and-community-based-physical-activity-interventions-on-physical-function-among-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Maria C Swartz, Zakkoyya H Lewis, Elizabeth J Lyons, Kristofer Jennings, Addie Middleton, Rachel R Deer, Demi Arnold, Kaitlin Dresser, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed randomized trials to examine the effect of home and community-based physical activity interventions on physical functioning among cancer survivors based on the most prevalent physical function measures. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases-Medline Ovid, Pubmed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and PsychINFO-were searched from inception to March 2016 for relevant articles. STUDY SELECTION: Search terms included: community-based interventions, physical functioning, and cancer survivors...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407793/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-spitz-nevus-in-the-pediatric-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis%C3%A2-protocol
#2
Jean Abboud, Michael Stein, Michele Ramien, Claudia Malic
BACKGROUND: Spitz nevi are uncommon melanocytic neoplasms found in children. Historically, the diagnosis and management of these tumors has lacked consensus among oncologists, pathologists, plastic surgeons, and dermatologists. Once interpreted and treated as a "juvenile melanoma", many have argued for the benignancy of such tumors in certain patient age groups, encouraging a conservative approach. The lack of consensus surrounding the diagnosis and perceived malignant potential of these tumors has led physicians to approach them on a case-by-case basis and institutional protocols...
April 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402864/meta-analysis-on-anticoagulation-and-prevention-of-thrombosis-and-mortality-among-patients-with-lung-cancer
#3
H E Fuentes, D M Oramas, L H Paz, A I Casanegra, A S Mansfield, A J Tafur
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (Wickham et al., 2012 [1]) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with cancer; however, primary thromboprophylaxis is not routinely recommended. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials (RCTs) to measure the impact of primary VTE prevention and its effect on mortality among patients with lung cancer. METHODS: With assistance from a master librarian, we searched Ovid, Scopus, DARE, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM reviews-Cochrane database of systematic reviews, EBM reviews-ACP journal, and EBM Reviews-Databases for relevant studies following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
April 1, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391442/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intelligence-quotient-in-early-treated-individuals-with-classical-galactosemia
#4
Lindsey Welling, Susan E Waisbren, Kevin M Antshel, Hugh-Owen Colhoun, Matthias Gautschi, Stephanie Grünewald, Rebecca Holman, Johanna H van der Lee, Eileen P Treacy, Annet M Bosch
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment is a well-known complication of classical galactosemia (CG). Differences in patient characteristics and test methods have hampered final conclusions regarding the extent of intellectual disabilities in CG. The primary aim of this systematic review was to assess intellectual performance in early-treated (≤4 weeks of life) individuals with confirmed CG (defined by absent or barely detectable GALT enzyme activity and/or the presence of two null or severe missense variations), assessed with comparable test instruments...
April 9, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384533/risk-factors-for-pressure-injuries-among-critical-care-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jenny Alderden, June Rondinelli, Ginette Pepper, Mollie Cummins, JoAnne Whitney
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors independently predictive of pressure injury (also known as pressure ulcer) development among critical-care patients. DESIGN: We undertook a systematic review of primary research based on standardized criteria set forth by the Institute of Medicine. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following databases: CINAHL (EBSCOhost), the Cochrane Library (Wilson), Dissertations & Theses Global (ProQuest), PubMed (National Library of Medicine), and Scopus...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383165/shaping-the-professional-landscape-through-research-advocacy-and-education-an-australian-perspective
#6
Gemma Siemensma, Ann Ritchie, Suzanne Lewis
This article is the first in a new series in this regular feature. The intention of the series is to look at important global developments in health science libraries. Librarians will be invited to share with HILJ readers key initiatives in their country or region. These articles should serve as a road map, describing the key changes in the field and exploring factors driving these changes. We initiate this series with an article by three Australian librarians who use research findings to depict the evolving professional landscape in their country...
April 6, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377683/interinstitutional-collaboration-for-end-user-bioinformatics-training-cytoscape-as-a-case-study
#7
Marci D Brandenburg, Rolando Garcia-Milian
BACKGROUND: This case study describes the value of and need for interinstitutional collaboration to train biomedical researchers in data visualization, using Cytoscape network analysis software as an example. To provide training on Cytoscape software to Yale University biomedical researchers, a collaboration was formed between the Yale Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library's (CWML's) biomedical sciences research support librarian and the University of Michigan (U-M) Taubman Health Sciences Library's bioinformationist, who has expertise in Cytoscape software...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377682/body-of-evidence-integrating-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-into-a-librarian-led-medical-humanities-seminar
#8
Keith C Mages, Linda A Lohr
BACKGROUND: Anatomical subjects depicted in Eduard Pernkopf's richly illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen may be victims of the Nazi regime. Special collections librarians in the history of medicine can use this primary resource to initiate dialogs about ethics with medical students. CASE PRESENTATION: Reported here is the authors' use of Pernkopf's Atlas in an interactive medical humanities seminar designed for third-year medical students. Topical articles, illustrations, and interviews introduced students to Pernkopf, his Atlas, and the surrounding controversies...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377681/writing-together-to-get-ahead-an-interprofessional-boot-camp-to-support-scholarly-writing-in-the-health-professions
#9
Megan von Isenburg, Linda S Lee, Marilyn H Oermann
BACKGROUND: Writing for publication is an integral skill for both sharing research findings and career advancement, yet many faculty lack expertise, support, and time to author scholarly publications. Health professions educators identified writing as an area in which a new educators' academy could offer support. CASE PRESENTATION: To address this need, a writing task force was formed consisting of a librarian, a School of Medicine faculty member, and a School of Nursing faculty member...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377680/improving-data-collection-documentation-and-workflow-in-a-dementia-screening-study
#10
Kevin B Read, Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla, Magdalena I Tolea, James E Galvin, Alisa Surkis
BACKGROUND: A clinical study team performing three multicultural dementia screening studies identified the need to improve data management practices and facilitate data sharing. A collaboration was initiated with librarians as part of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) informationist supplement program. The librarians identified areas for improvement in the studies' data collection, entry, and processing workflows. CASE PRESENTATION: The librarians' role in this project was to meet needs expressed by the study team around improving data collection and processing workflows to increase study efficiency and ensure data quality...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377677/investigating-the-need-for-scholarly-communications-positions-in-association-of-academic-health-sciences-libraries-member-institutions
#11
Kim Mears, Sandra L Bandy
BACKGROUND: The role of health sciences librarians has expanded in the scholarly communications landscape as a result of the increase in federal public access mandates and the continued expansion of publishing avenues. This has created the need to investigate whether academic health sciences libraries should have scholarly communications positions to provide education and services exclusively related to scholarly communication topics. METHODS: A nine-question online survey was distributed through the Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries (AAHSL) email discussion list to gather preliminary findings from and opinions of directors of health sciences libraries on the need for scholarly communications positions...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377676/knowledge-of-journal-impact-factors-among-nursing-faculty-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Maha Kumaran, Chau Ha
OBJECTIVE: The research assessed nursing faculty awareness and knowledge of the journal impact factor (JIF) and its impact on their publication choices. METHODS: A qualitative cross-sectional questionnaire was developed using Fluid Survey and distributed electronically to nursing faculty and instructors at three post-secondary institutions in Saskatchewan. Data were collected on place and status of employment, knowledge and awareness of JIFs, and criteria used to choose journals for publication...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377675/culturally-competent-library-services-and-related-factors-among-health-sciences-librarians-an-exploratory-study
#13
Misa Mi, Yingting Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the current state of health sciences libraries' provision of culturally competent services to support health professions education and patient care and examined factors associated with cultural competency in relation to library services and professional development. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Data were collected with a survey questionnaire that was distributed via SurveyMonkey to several health sciences librarian email discussion lists...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377674/evaluation-of-hospital-staff-s-perceived-quality-of-librarian-mediated-literature-searching-services
#14
Sandra McKeown, Shauna-Lee Konrad, Jill McTavish, Erin Boyce
OBJECTIVE: The research evaluated the perceived quality of librarian-mediated literature searching services at one of Canada's largest acute care teaching hospitals for the purpose of continuous quality improvement and investigation of relationships between variables that can impact user satisfaction. METHODS: An online survey was constructed using evidence-based methodologies. A systematic sample of staff and physicians requesting literature searches at London Health Sciences Centre were invited to participate in the study over a one-year period...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369672/worldwide-prevalence-of-tocophobia-in-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Maeve A O'Connell, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Ali S Khashan, Louise C Kenny, Sinéad M O'Neill
Tocophobia is defined as a severe fear of pregnancy and childbirth. There is increasing evidence that tocophobia may have short and long-term adverse effects on mother and baby. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the global prevalence of tocophobia in pregnancy MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant articles were identified through searching six relevant databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Pubmed, PsycINFO, Maternity & Infant Care and Scopus between 1946 and April 2016. We used search terms for tocophobia prevalence in pregnant women which we agreed with a medical librarian...
March 30, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360061/every-home-should-have-one-the-critical-role-of-the-research-librarian
#16
Andrew J Cave, Lana L Atkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321327/physical-activity-in-patients-treated-with-peritoneal-dialysis-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#17
Tharshika Thangarasa, Rameez Imtiaz, Swapnil Hiremath, Deborah Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic diseases are known to benefit from exercise. Despite a lack of compelling evidence, patients with end-stage kidney disease treated with peritoneal dialysis are often discouraged from participating in exercise programs that include resistance training due to concerns about the development of hernias and leaks. The actual effects of physical activity with or without structured exercise programs for these patients remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to more completely define the risks and benefits of physical activity in the end-stage kidney disease population treated with peritoneal dialysis...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321321/associations-between-fluid-balance-and-outcomes-in-critically-ill-children-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Rashid Alobaidi, Catherine Morgan, Rajit K Basu, Erin Stenson, Robin Featherstone, Sumit R Majumdar, Sean M Bagshaw
BACKGROUND: Fluid therapy is a mainstay during the resuscitation of critically ill children. After initial stabilization, excessive fluid accumulation may lead to complications of fluid overload, which has been independently associated with increased risk for mortality and major morbidity in critically ill children. OBJECTIVES: Perform an evidence synthesis to describe the methods used to measure fluid balance, define fluid overload, and evaluate the association between fluid balance and outcomes in critically ill children...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283146/health-libraries-and-information-services-in-tanzania-a-strategic-assessment
#19
Hussein Haruna, Majaliwa Mtoroki, Dan D Gerendasy, Ellen G Detlefsen
BACKGROUND: The intention of the Government of Tanzania is to establish more health information resource canters in all health facilities. With this regard, health information science personnel are needed to provide adequate and accurate health information services. However, availability of these personnel remains to be a challenge because of their non-existence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the current status and local impact of health sciences libraries and user perception of these libraries, as a prerequisite to the development of a competence-based curriculum for health information science training in Tanzania...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259277/embedded-librarian-as-research-team%C3%A2-member
#20
REVIEW
Frances A Brahmi, F Thomas D Kaplan
Adding a librarian to an upper extremity surgical and therapy practice has many advantages (educational, research, remaining on the cutting edge of technology). As an embedded team member, the librarian at the Indiana Hand to Shoulder Center prepares literature reviews, creates Google Scholar Alerts for individual clinicians, and introduces developing technologies such as 3-dimensional printers, Smartphone Apps, and online access to nontraditional resources. With the librarian relieving clinicians of these responsibilities, surgeons can devote more time to clinical and research activities...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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