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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814254/bronchiolitis-care-in-the-hospital
#1
Jennifer Orr Vincent, Huay-Ying Lo, Susan Wu
BACKGROUND: Viral bronchiolitis is a common cause of hospitalization in young children, but despite a variety of therapeutic options, the mainstay of treatment remains supportive care. OBJECTIVE: To examine the most recent evidence for supportive care measures and pharmacologic options in the treatment of bronchiolitis in the hospital setting Methods: MEDLINE search with expert medical librarian for publications on management and therapies for bronchiolitis Results: Evidence does not support the use of bronchodilators, racemic epinephrine, deep suctioning, systemic corticosteroids, or antibiotics in the absence of a concomitant bacterial infection, as these treatments do not change the course of illness or shorten length of stay (LOS)...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810806/evaluating-structural-change-approaches-to-health-promotion-an-exploratory-scoping-review-of-a-decade-of-u-s-progress
#2
Yuka Asada, Lisa D Lieberman, Leah C Neubauer, Rosie Hanneke, Michael C Fagen
Structural change approaches-also known as policy and environmental changes-are becoming increasingly common in health promotion, yet our understanding of how to evaluate them is still limited. An exploratory scoping review of the literature was conducted to understand approaches and methods used to evaluate structural change interventions in health promotion and public health literature. Two analysts-along with health sciences librarian consultation-searched PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE for peer-reviewed U...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800259/extraction-of-primary-canines-for-interceptive-orthodontic-treatment-of-palatally-displaced-permanent-canines-a-systematic-review
#3
Naif N Almasoud
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the successful management of palatally displaced permanent canines (PDCs) can be achieved by the interceptive extraction of primary maxillary canines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digital databases (Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane) were searched to retrieve articles published from 1952 to April 2016. The university librarian developed search strategies for each database. Two calibrated reviewers independently reviewed potentially related titles and abstracts...
August 11, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777761/occupational-therapists-experience-of-workplace-fatigue-issues-and-action
#4
Cary A Brown, Jennifer Schell, Lisa M Pashniak
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists (OTs) work in all areas of health and wellbeing. The work is physically and psychologically demanding, but OTs are often not diligent about recognizing and attending to the workplace health and safety issue of fatigue in their own work settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to determine current issues and the evidence-base as presented in the literature so as to develop awareness and best practice interventions for fatigue reduction and management in occupational therapists' workplace...
August 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757906/lumbosacral-dorsal-rhizotomy-for-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-health-technology-assessment
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy, a spectrum of neuromuscular conditions caused by abnormal brain development or early damage to the brain, is the most common cause of childhood physical disability. Lumbosacral dorsal rhizotomy is a neurosurgical procedure that permanently decreases spasticity and is always followed by physical therapy. The objectives of this health technology assessment were to evaluate the clinical effectiveness, safety, cost effectiveness, and family perspectives of dorsal rhizotomy...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749971/pediatric-cancer-risk-in-association-with-birth-defects-a-systematic-review
#6
Kimberly J Johnson, Jong Min Lee, Kazi Ahsan, Hannah Padda, Qianxi Feng, Sonia Partap, Susan A Fowler, Todd E Druley
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiological studies have examined associations between birth defects (BDs) and pediatric malignancy over the past several decades. Our objective was to conduct a systematic literature review of studies reporting on this association. METHODS: We used librarian-designed searches of the PubMed Medline and Embase databases to identify primary research articles on pediatric neoplasms and BDs. English language articles from PubMed and Embase up to 10/12/2015, and in PubMed up to 5/12/2017 following an updated search, were eligible for inclusion if they reported primary epidemiological research results on associations between BDs and pediatric malignancies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726344/barriers-to-using-electronic-evidence-based-literature-in-nursing-practice-a-systematised-review
#7
REVIEW
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Tania Azadi, Tannaz Azadi
BACKGROUND: Nurses' use of electronic literature has remained limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify barriers concerning application of electronic literature on evidence based practice in nursing. METHODS: Six bibliographic databases were searched using the following keywords: challenges, barriers, obstacles, evidence based practice, EBP, information seeking, online databases, electronic literature, bibliographic databases and nurs*...
July 20, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724714/sedentary-time-in-older-adults-a-critical-review-of-measurement-associations-with-health-and-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Jennifer L Copeland, Maureen C Ashe, Stuart Jh Biddle, Wendy J Brown, Matthew P Buman, Sebastien Chastin, Paul A Gardiner, Shigeru Inoue, Barbara J Jefferis, Koichiro Oka, Neville Owen, Luís B Sardinha, Dawn A Skelton, Takemi Sugiyama, Shilpa Dogra
Sedentary time (ST) is an important risk factor for a variety of health outcomes in older adults. Consensus is needed on future research directions so that collaborative and timely efforts can be made globally to address this modifiable risk factor. In this review, we examined current literature to identify gaps and inform future research priorities on ST and healthy ageing. We reviewed three primary topics:(1) the validity/reliability of self-report measurement tools, (2) the consequences of prolonged ST on geriatric-relevant health outcomes (physical function, cognitive function, mental health, incontinence and quality of life) and(3) the effectiveness of interventions to reduce ST in older adults...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717914/association-of-elevated-pre-operative-hemoglobin-a1c-and-post-operative-complications-in-non-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Negar Karimian, Petru Niculiseanu, Alexandre Amar-Zifkin, Francesco Carli, Liane S Feldman
IMPORTANCE: Pre-operative hyperglycemia is associated with post-operative adverse outcomes in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Current pre-operative screening includes random plasma glucose, yet plasma glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a better measure of long-term glycemic control. It is not clear whether pre-operative HbA1c can identify non-diabetic patients at risk of post-operative complications. OBJECTIVE: The systematic review summarizes the evidence pertaining to the association of suboptimal pre-operative HbA1c on post-operative outcomes in adult surgical patients with no history of diabetes mellitus...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714822/developing-librarian-competencies-for-the-digital-age-edited-by-jeffrey-g-coghill-and-roger-g-russell
#10
Jamie L Conklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714819/an-institutional-repository-experience-at-a-large-health-care-system
#11
Brenda Fay, Jennifer Deal, Vicki Budzisz
Institutional repositories (IRs) collect, preserve, and disseminate the scholarly output of an organization. Though common in academic settings, they are less so in hospitals or health care systems. The librarians for Aurora Health Care decided to create a primarily citation-level IR to organize and promote the scholarly output of Aurora faculty, residents, and fellows using the proprietary software Digital Commons, a product of the company bepress. The repository also hosts a newly published peer-reviewed journal and includes digitized historical images and institutional memorabilia...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714815/an-introduction-to-the-blockchain-and-its-implications-for-libraries-and-medicine
#12
Matthew B Hoy
The blockchain is a relatively new technology used to verify and store transaction records for online cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. The system is redundant and distributed, making it difficult for transactions to be rescinded, duplicated, or faked. Beyond online currencies, the blockchain has potential uses in health care, education, and many other fields. This column will briefly describe what the blockchain is and how it is being used, potential future uses that may be of interest to librarians and medical practitioners, and some of the problems with the system...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714814/using-time-driven-activity-based-costing-to-implement-change
#13
Ellen N Sayed, Sa'ad Laws, Basim Uthman
Academic medical libraries have responded to changes in technology, evolving professional roles, reduced budgets, and declining traditional services. Libraries that have taken a proactive role to change have seen their librarians emerge as collaborators and partners with faculty and researchers, while para-professional staff is increasingly overseeing traditional services. This article addresses shifting staff and schedules at a single-service-point information desk by using time-driven activity-based costing to determine the utilization of resources available to provide traditional library services...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714813/altmetrics-a-practical-guide-for-librarians-researchers-and-academics-edited-by-andy-tattersall
#14
Bethany Kenyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710843/new-directions-in-health-sciences-libraries-in-canada-research-and-evidence-based-practice-are-key
#15
Heather Ganshorn, Dean Giustini
This article is the second in a new series in this regular feature. The intention of the series is to look at important global developments in health science libraries. These articles will serve as a road map, describing the key changes in the field and exploring factors driving these changes. The present article by two Canadian librarians identifies important national developments which are shaping the profession such as the centralisation of health care services, the challenge of providing consumer health information in the absence of a national strategy, government recognition of the need to recognise and respond to the health needs of indigenous peoples and the growing emphasis on managing research data...
July 15, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695786/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-clean-contaminated-head-and-neck-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Peter M Vila, Joseph Zenga, Ryan S Jackson
Objective To determine the optimal duration and type of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing clean-contaminated resection for head and neck cancer. Data Sources Search strategies were created by a medical librarian, implemented in multiple databases, and completed in June 2016. Review Methods The population of interest was adults ≥18 years undergoing clean-contaminated head and neck surgery, intervention was postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, comparator was duration and types of antibiotics used, outcome was the wound infection rate, and the study design was randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694718/what-i-learned-from-predatory-publishers
#17
REVIEW
Jeffrey Beall
This article is a first-hand account of the author's work identifying and listing predatory publishers from 2012 to 2017. Predatory publishers use the gold (author pays) open access model and aim to generate as much revenue as possible, often foregoing a proper peer review. The paper details how predatory publishers came to exist and shows how they were largely enabled and condoned by the open-access social movement, the scholarly publishing industry, and academic librarians. The author describes tactics predatory publishers used to attempt to be removed from his lists, details the damage predatory journals cause to science, and comments on the future of scholarly publishing...
June 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673304/lost-in-translation-a-multilingual-query-builder-improves-the-quality-of-pubmed-queries-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Matthieu Schuers, Mher Joulakian, Gaetan Kerdelhué, Léa Segas, Julien Grosjean, Stéfan J Darmoni, Nicolas Griffon
BACKGROUND: MEDLINE is the most widely used medical bibliographic database in the world. Most of its citations are in English and this can be an obstacle for some researchers to access the information the database contains. We created a multilingual query builder to facilitate access to the PubMed subset using a language other than English. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of this multilingual query builder on the quality of PubMed queries for non-native English speaking physicians and medical researchers...
July 3, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670216/a-competency-framework-for-librarians-involved-in-systematic-reviews
#19
Whitney A Townsend, Patricia F Anderson, Emily C Ginier, Mark P MacEachern, Kate M Saylor, Barbara L Shipman, Judith E Smith
OBJECTIVE: The project identified a set of core competencies for librarians who are involved in systematic reviews. METHODS: A team of seven informationists with broad systematic review experience examined existing systematic review standards, conducted a literature search, and used their own expertise to identify core competencies and skills that are necessary to undertake various roles in systematic review projects. RESULTS: The team identified a total of six competencies for librarian involvement in systematic reviews: "Systematic review foundations," "Process management and communication," "Research methodology," "Comprehensive searching," "Data management," and "Reporting...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670215/using-scenario-based-training-to-promote-information-literacy-among-on-call-consultant-pediatricians
#20
Jonas Pettersson, Emil Bjorkander, Sirpa Bark, Daniel Holmgren, Per Wekell
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, teaching hospital staff to search for medical information relies heavily on educator-defined search methods. In contrast, the authors describe our experiences using real-time scenarios to teach on-call consultant pediatricians information literacy skills as part of a two-year continuing professional development program. CASE PRESENTATION: Two information-searching workshops were held at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
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