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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902358/nurse-led-interventions-for-hypertension-a-scoping-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#1
Lori A Spies, Susan Gerding Bader, Jackline G Opollo, Jennifer Gray
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the leading preventable contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, affecting 1 billion people globally. Low- and middle-income countries have increasing rates of hypertension, much of it undiagnosed. AIMS: The purpose of the project is to review studies of nurse-led hypertension interventions that have been implemented in East Africa and to inform hypertension interventions in low-resource settings. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted following Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) format...
June 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901466/a-scoping-review-of-transitions-stress-and-adaptation-among-emerging-adults
#2
Kathleen M Hanna, Katherine Laux Kaiser, Sara G Brown, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Alissa Fial, Amy Ford, Diane B Hudson, Rebecca Keating-Lefler, Heidi Keeler, Tiffany A Moore, Audrey E Nelson, Peggy Pelish, Susan Wilhelm
This scoping review examined research on transitions among emerging adults, 18- to 30-year-olds, to identify designs, populations, frameworks, transition types, and transition outcomes. A librarian conducted the search, yielding 2067 articles. Using predefined criteria, teams screened abstracts and reviewed articles, with 82% to 100% interrater agreement. Data from the final 160 articles were placed in evidence tables and summarized. Most frequently, the studies had exploratory-descriptive designs (69%), nondiagnosed samples (58%), no theoretical frameworks (58%), developmental transitions (34%), and health-related behavior outcomes (34%)...
June 12, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886882/the-use-of-a-perioperative-supra-physiological-dose-of-glucocorticoid-is-not-supported-by-evidence-a-systematic-review
#3
Bashir Fouad Khazen, Alaa El-Hussuna
INTRODUCTION: A supra-physiological dose of glucocorticoid (SDS) is administered routinely in the perioperative management of patients on long-term regular glucocorticoid therapy. The dose of glucocorticoid used in these regimens varies. The current treatment is based on two 60-year-old case reports. No data exist to document the required dose of glucocorticoid to prevent perioperative hypotension or the category of patients needing this dose. Having in mind that high doses of glucocorticoids have several potential side effects, this practice ought to be re-evaluated in the light of available evidence...
June 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878449/validity-as-a-social-imperative-for-assessment-in-health-professions-education-a-concept-analysis
#4
Mélanie Marceau, Frances Gallagher, Meredith Young, Christina St-Onge
CONTEXT: Assessment can have far-reaching consequences for future health care professionals and for society. Thus, it is essential to establish the quality of assessment. Few modern approaches to validity are well situated to ensure the quality of complex assessment approaches, such as authentic and programmatic assessments. Here, we explore and delineate the concept of validity as a social imperative in the context of assessment in health professions education (HPE) as a potential framework for examining the quality of complex and programmatic assessment approaches...
June 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873898/information-literacy-skills-and-training-of-licensed-practical-nurses-in-alberta-canada-results-of-a-survey
#5
Kelley Wadson, Leah Adeline Phillips
BACKGROUND: Although information literacy skills are recognized as important to the curriculum and professional outcomes of two-year nursing programs, there is a lack of research on the information literacy skills and support needed by graduates. OBJECTIVE: To identify the information literacy skills and consequent training and support required of Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) in Alberta, Canada. METHOD: An online survey using a random sample of new graduates (graduated within 5 years) from the registration database of the College of Practical Nurses of Alberta (CLPNA)...
June 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873896/opportunities-for-faculty-librarian-collaboration-in-an-expanded-dentistry-curriculum
#6
Sean Stone, Michelle Quirke, M Sara Lowe
With the increased emphasis on evidence based practice, developing information literacy skills earlier in health care education programmes is widely accepted. However finding opportunities for relevant teaching can present challenges, often leading to a lack of integration. In this paper, guest writers Sean Stone and colleagues from Indiana University discuss their involvement with an expanded dental hygiene curriculum in the University School of Dentistry. This expansion has provided the opportunity to plan integration of information and oral health literacy instruction and evidence based practice across the new curriculum, and provide transferable skills for any major...
June 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871017/a-primer-on-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#7
Nghia H Nguyen, Siddharth Singh
With the rapid growth of biomedical literature, there is increasing need to make meaningful inferences from a comprehensive and complex body of evidence. Systematic reviews with or without meta-analyses offer an objective and summative approach to synthesize knowledge and critically appraise evidence to inform clinical practice. Systematic reviews also help identify key knowledge gaps for future investigation. In this review, the authors provide a step-by-step approach to conducting a systematic review. These include: (1) formulating a focused and clinically-relevant question; (2) designing a detailed review protocol with explicit inclusion and exclusion criteria; (3) performing a systematic literature search of multiple databases and unpublished data, in consultation with a medical librarian, to identify relevant studies; (4) meticulous data abstraction by at least two sets of investigators independently; (5) assessing risk of bias in individual studies; (6) quantitative synthesis with meta-analysis; and (7) critically and transparently ascertaining quality of evidence...
May 2018: Seminars in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807175/recurrent-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-avms-a-systematic-review
#8
Thomas Sorenson, Waleed Brinjikji, Carlo Bortolotti, Gabriel Kaufmann, Giuseppe Lanzino
OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for recurrence of surgically excised brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are poorly understood1 . In addition, ideal follow-up imaging paradigms to catch AVM recurrences are not well defined. We present a systematic review on risk factors for recurrence of surgically resected AVMs and identify potential theories of recurrence. METHODS: A literature search was performed by a reference librarian, and after screening, 14 case reports and 16 case series were left for inclusion in the review...
May 25, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764496/reporting-quality-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-otolaryngology-review-of-adherence-to-the-consort-statement
#9
Yu Qing Huang, Katsiaryna Traore, Badr Ibrahim, Maida J Sewitch, Lily H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard in medical and surgical research to assess the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. The reporting of these trials should be of high quality to allow readers' appropriate interpretation and application. METHODS: The objectives of our study were to assess the extent to which the recent Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) randomized control trials in the top nine journals and in the top Canadian journal comply with the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement, and to identify the CONSORT items most in need of improvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749919/results-of-reoperation-for-failed-ulnar-nerve-surgery-at-the-elbow-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Tinatin Natroshvili, Erik T Walbeehm, Nens van Alfen, Ronald H M A Bartels
OBJECTIVE The clinical results of reoperation for recurrent or persistent ulnar nerve compression at the elbow have not been clearly determined. The aim of this review was to determine overall improvement, residual pain, and sensory and motor deficits following reoperation regardless of the type of primary surgery performed for this condition. METHODS In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations, a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies was performed...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739392/clinicians-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-the-pubmed4hh-mobile-device-application-for-clinical-decision-making-at-the-point-of-care-a-pilot-study
#11
Kyungsook Gartrell, Caitlin W Brennan, Gwenyth R Wallen, Fang Liu, Karen G Smith, Paul Fontelo
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based practice in healthcare has been facilitated by Internet access through wireless mobile devices, research on the effectiveness of clinical decision support for clinicians at the point of care is lacking. This study examined how evidence as abstracts and the bottom-line summaries, accessed with PubMed4Hh mobile devices, affected clinicians' decision making at the point of care. METHODS: Three iterative steps were taken to evaluate the usefulness of PubMed4Hh tools at the NIH Clinical Center...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729073/trends-of-infodemiology-studies-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Kimia Zeraatkar, Maryam Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: The health care industry is rich in data and information. Web technologies, such as search engines and social media, have provided an opportunity for the management of user generated data in real time in the form of infodemiology studies. The aim of this study was to investigate infodemiology studies conducted during 2002-2016, and compare them based on developed, developing and in transition countries. METHODS: This scoping review was conducted in 2017 with the help of the PRISMA guidelines...
May 4, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728350/reducing-negative-outcomes-of-online-consumer-health-information-qualitative-interpretive-study-with-clinicians-librarians-and-consumers
#13
Reem El Sherif, Pierre Pluye, Christine Thoër, Charo Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: There has been an exponential increase in the general population's usage of the internet and of information accessibility; the current demand for online consumer health information (OCHI) is unprecedented. There are multiple studies on internet access and usage, quality of information, and information needs. However, few studies explored negative outcomes of OCHI in detail or from different perspectives, and none examined how these negative outcomes could be reduced. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe negative outcomes associated with OCHI use in primary care and identify potential preventive strategies from consumers', health practitioners', and health librarians' perspectives...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722747/is-adjunctive-progesterone-effective-in-reducing-seizure-frequency-in-patients-with-intractable-catamenial-epilepsy-a-critically-appraised-topic
#14
Cristina Valencia-Sanchez, Amy Z Crepeau, Matthew T Hoerth, Kristina A Butler, Diana Almader-Douglas, Dean M Wingerchuk, Cumara B O'Carroll
BACKGROUND: Catamenial epilepsy refers to cyclic seizure exacerbation in relation to the menstrual cycle. Three distinct patterns have been described: C1-perimenstrual, C2-periovulatory, and C3-inadequate luteal. There is experimental and clinical evidence that gonadal steroid hormones affect neuronal excitability with estrogens being mainly proconvulsant and progesterone anticonvulsant. If reproductive steroids have a role in seizure occurrence, they may also have a role in treatment...
May 2018: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687454/interventions-for-implementation-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-hospitalized-patients-at-risk-for-venous-thromboembolism
#15
REVIEW
Susan R Kahn, David R Morrison, Gisèle Diendéré, Alexandre Piché, Kristian B Filion, Adi J Klil-Drori, James D Douketis, Jessica Emed, André Roussin, Vicky Tagalakis, Martin Morris, William Geerts
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. While numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that the appropriate use of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized patients at risk for VTE is safe, effective, and cost-effective, thromboprophylaxis remains underused or inappropriately used. Our previous review suggested that system-wide interventions, such as education, alerts, and multifaceted interventions were more effective at improving the prescribing of thromboprophylaxis than relying on individual providers' behaviors...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605976/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-korea-2017-revised-edition
#16
REVIEW
Kyung Ho Song, Hye-Kyung Jung, Hyun Jin Kim, Hoon Sup Koo, Yong Hwan Kwon, Hyun Duk Shin, Hyun Chul Lim, Jeong Eun Shin, Sung Eun Kim, Dae Hyeon Cho, Jeong Hwan Kim, Hyun Jung Kim
In 2011, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (KSNM) published clinical practice guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on a systematic review of the literature. The KSNM planned to update the clinical practice guidelines to support primary physicians, reduce the socioeconomic burden of IBS, and reflect advances in the pathophysiology and management of IBS. The present revised version of the guidelines is in continuity with the previous version and targets adults diagnosed with, or suspected to have, IBS...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601072/correction-librarians-against-scientists-oncotarget-s-lesson
#17
Mikhail V Blagosklonny
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.24272.].
March 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581201/voices-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol-of-primary-healthcare-interventions-within-public-health-systems-addressing-intimate-partner-violence-against-women
#18
Marcos Claudio Signorelli, Stav Hillel, Daniel Canavese de Oliveira, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Kelsey Hegarty, Angela Taft
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) considerably harms the health, safety and well-being of women. In response, public health systems around the globe have been gradually implementing strategies. In particular, low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) have been developing innovative interventions in primary healthcare (PHC) addressing the problem. This paper describes a protocol for a systematic review of studies addressing the impacts and outcomes of PHC centre interventions addressing IPV against women from LMIC...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562060/vascular-malformations-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Henry L Nguyen, George F Bonadurer, Megha M Tollefson
Importance: Patients with vascular malformations (VAMs) and vascular overgrowth syndromes have lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) attributable to social stigmatization, poor mental health, severity, and pain. However, the factors that contribute to this decreased HRQoL are not clear. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that used validated HRQoL instruments to compare the HRQoL of persons with VAMs with the US general population...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558336/librarians-flip-for-students-teaching-searching-skills-to-medical-students-using-a-flipped-classroom-approach
#20
Aurelia Minuti, Karen Sorensen, Rachel Schwartz, Winifred S King, Nancy R Glassman, Racheline G Habousha
This article describes the development of a flipped classroom instructional module designed by librarians to teach first- and second-year medical students how to search the literature and find evidence-based articles. The pre-class module consists of an online component that includes reading, videos, and exercises relating to a clinical case. The in-class sessions, designed to reinforce important concepts, include various interactive activities. The specifics of designing both components are included for other health sciences librarians interested in presenting similar instruction...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
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