keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-compliance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222962/safety-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-newborns-results-from-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Alexandre Lapillonne, Marie-Pierre Berleur, Yvette Brasseur, Sophie Calvez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited or delayed availability of parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions, as well as difficulties in ordering are often identified as reasons for non-compliance with international guidelines in newborns. This study aims at assessing the modality of use and safety of premixed standardized PN solutions in a nationwide prospective cohort of newborns treated in clinical practice. METHODS: Two premixed fixed formulations with respective osmolarity of 715 and 790 mOsm/L specifically designed for neonates were made available throughout the country for clinical use from birth onwards...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216983/correcting-for-non-compliance-when-determining-colonic-transit-time-with-radio-opaque-markers
#2
COMMENT
Alvin Ibarra, Kaisa Olli, Arthur C Ouwehand
The use of radio-opaque markers and abdominal X-ray is the standard method for determining colonic transit time (CTT). However, when there are deviations in the intake of these markers by participants in clinical trials it is desirable to improve observations by introducing corrections, where possible. To date, there is no standard procedure to adjust for such deviations. This report proposes a series of alternatives based on possible scenarios for deviations from the intended intake of radio-opaque markers...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214244/evaluation-of-the-non-compliance-with-grouping-guidelines-which-may-lead-to-wrong-blood-in-tube-an-observational-study-and-risk-factor-analysis
#3
A Daurat, E Boudet, G Daurat, C Roger, J-C Gris, V Tunez, M-C Gaste, J-Y Lefrant
BACKGROUND: In France, blood group determination requires the completion of two samples collected at two different times to detect identity mistake and "wrong blood in tube". The aims of the present study were: (1) to evaluate the compliance with guidelines and (2) to identify risk factors of non-compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples for ABO group determination collected between January 1st and December 15th, 2013 in the University hospital of Nîmes, France were analyzed...
February 14, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210915/determining-childhood-blood-lead-level-screening-compliance-among-physicians
#4
Amanda Haboush-Deloye, Erika R Marquez, Shawn L Gerstenberger
Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Programs throughout the U.S. have addressed childhood lead poisoning by implementing primary and secondary prevention efforts. While many programs have helped increase screening rates, in some states children under the age of six still have not been tested for lead. This study aims to identify the barriers to childhood blood lead testing and develop a strategy to increase the number of children tested. Clark County physicians who work with children six and under were surveyed about blood lead level (BLL) testing practices, particularly, adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines, and parental compliance with orders to have their children tested to determine their blood lead levels...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198939/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#5
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177801/tracking-the-relative-concentration-between-bacteroidales-dna-markers-and-culturable-escherichia-coli-in-fecally-polluted-subtropical-seawater-potential-use-in-differentiating-fresh-and-aged-pollution
#6
Rulong Liu, Leo T C Yeung, Pui-Hei Ho, Stanley C K Lau
Routine water quality monitoring practices based on the enumeration of culturable Escherichia coli provides no information about the source or age of fecal pollution. An emerging strategy is to use culturable E. coli and the DNA markers of Bacteroidales complementarily for microbial source tracking. In this study, we consistently observed in seawater microcosms of 3 different conditions that culturable E. coli decayed faster (T99 = 1.14 - 4.29 days) than Bacteroidales DNA markers did (T99 = 1.81 - 200.23 days)...
November 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156554/universal-screening-for-depression-in-cancer-patients-and-its-impact-on-management-patterns
#7
Shehzad Niazi, David Hodge, Nicolette Chimato, Ankit Agarwal, Elaine Gustetic, William Adam Hammond, Bhagirathbhai R Dholaria, Sikander Ailawadhi
: 232 Background: Screening for distress in cancer patients (pts) is recommended by several national guidelines. High distress scores are associated with increased depression. We established universal depression screening and investigated its impact on cancer patient management. METHODS: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) was administered to newly diagnosed cancer patients prior to receiving their first non-oral antineoplastic agent. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, chronic medication load, antidepressant use, treatment interruptions, weight change, referral and adherence to psychiatry were recorded...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156521/development-and-implementation-of-a-clinical-pathway-for-radiation-of-bone-metastases-on-a-palliative-radiation-oncology-service
#8
Joseph Killoran, Tracy A Balboni, Monica Shalini Krishnan, Allison Taylor, Neil E Martin
: 170 Background: Clinical pathways increase compliance with treatment guidelines and reduce in-hospital complications. Evidence around treatment of complicated bone metastases is increasingly nuanced and although ASTRO/ACR recommend single fraction radiation therapy for uncomplicated bone metastases, implementation is variable. We sought to determine the effects of a bone metastases-focused clinical pathway on the practice patterns of our institution's palliative radiation oncology service (SPRO), which sees 600 patients yearly and on a rotating basis, involves 23 physicians, 28 residents, 2 nurse practitioners, and 1 fellow...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152909/quality-assurance-metrics-in-clinical-trial-conduct
#9
Susanna Sellmann, Lindsay Philip, Cristina Guglielmi, Pamela Degendorfer, Amit M Oza
: 274 Background: Quality assurance (QA) in clinical trials is a safeguard against non-compliance, which impacts patient safety and data integrity. On an institutional level, compiling quality findings provides insight to gaps within existing processes, protocol compliance, and educational content. A QA metrics methodology has been implemented, which is streamlined with the ICH-GCP, and institutional Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and policies. METHODS: Individual findings are assigned an alphanumerical code, based on severity and category, and a reference for each Quality Assurance Review (QAR)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152866/leveraging-web-based-interface-systems-with-institutional-databases-to-improve-compliance-with-survivorship-care-plans
#10
Patricia Chapman, David Cleveland, Paula A Lewis-Patterson, Guadalupe R Palos, Maria Alma Rodriguez
: 161 Background: ASCO's Clinical Oncology Clinical Expert Statement on Cancer Survivorship Planning addressed the importance of using survivorship care plans (SCPs) to improve survivors' care. Evolving information technology strategies, such as web-based systems, offer real-time reporting tools to track providers' adherence for completion of SCPs. Our abstract reports on the creation of a web-based system to monitor survivors' care. METHODS: Ongoing audits of SCPs indicated broad variation in compliance rates with SCPs...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152072/attitudes-perceptions-and-knowledge-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-towards-the-blood-donation-deferral-policy-in-israel
#11
Itzchak Levy, Liraz Olmer, Yuval Livnat, Adir Yanko, Eilat Shinar
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are permanently deferred from donating blood in Israel. Pressure to change this policy exists, despite data showing higher prevalence and incidence of HIV in MSM. A survey was conducted to evaluate current knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and compliance if deferral was changed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Anonymous survey was published in a gay-oriented website, collecting demographic information, history of blood donation, attitudes, knowledge and compliance with permanent versus temporary deferral...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151391/variant-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-deferral-in-canada-impact-of-stop-dates
#12
Sheila F O'brien, Wenli Fan, Qi-Long Yi, Samra Uzicanin, Lori Osmond, Mindy Goldman
BACKGROUND: To reduce the risk of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) transmission via blood transfusion in Canada, potential donors who spent a cumulative time in the United Kingdom, Western Europe or Saudi Arabia are deferred. "Stop dates" for accumulated time were later implemented for 3 months spent in the United Kingdom or France (1980-1996) and for 5 years elsewhere in Western Europe (1980-2007); Saudi Arabia deferral was implemented with the "stop date" (1980-1996). We evaluated the long-term impact of these deferrals and "stop dates", as well as the consistency of donors' answers to post-implementation screening questions...
December 15, 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138926/why-do-children-and-adolescents-neglect-dental-flossing
#13
J Mattos-Silveira, B B Matos-Lima, T A Oliveira, K Jarroug, R V Rego, A Reyes, F R Ferreira, J C Imparato, M M Braga
AIM: To identify the variables and actual difficulties related to children and adolescents' non-compliance with dental flossing. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with 36 children and 59 adolescents were selected from dental clinics at the Dental School, University of São Paulo. The percentage of surfaces with disclosed biofilm was used to evaluate general oral hygiene. Participants answered questions concerning dental flossing (difficulties, self-reported motivation, and previous instruction)...
January 30, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131515/critical-incidents-and-judicial-response-during-medium-security-treatment
#14
Inge Jeandarme, Ciska Wittouck, Freya Vander Laenen, Claudia Pouls, Henri Heimans, T I Oei, Stefan Bogaerts
This study examined inpatient incidents in three Flemish forensic medium security units and analyzed the subsequent judicial reactions to these incidents. During medium security treatment, incidents were reported for more than half of the participants. The most frequently registered incidents were non-violent in nature, such as absconding and treatment non-compliance. The base rate for physically violent incidents was low. Although crime-related incidents during medium security treatment were rarely prosecuted and adjudicated, the base rate of revocation - and hence drop-out from treatment - as a result of these incidents was high...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130040/-admission-to-intensive-care-for-a-trauma-related-to-alcohol-or-drugs-a-teachable-moment-for-the-beginning-of-a-change
#15
S Cordovilla-Guardia, R Vilar-López, P Lardelli-Claret, J F Navas, F Guerrero-López, E Fernández-Mondéjar
OBJECTIVES: To estimate how many of the trauma patients admitted to ICU would be candidates for a secondary prevention programme for trauma related to alcohol or drug use by brief motivational intervention and to define what factors prevent that intervention being performed. METHODS: All 16-70year old trauma patients (n=242) admitted to ICU in 32 non-consecutive months (November 2011 to March 2015) were included in the study, coinciding with the implementation of a screening and brief motivational intervention programme for trauma patients related to substance consumption...
January 24, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120013/secretory-expression-and-surface-display-of-a-new-and-biologically-active-single-chain-insulin-sci-59-analog-by-lactic-acid-bacteria
#16
Ruifeng Mao, Dongli Wu, Shimeng Hu, Kangping Zhou, Man Wang, Yefu Wang
Insulin plays an important role in drug therapies for diabetes mellitus and as the main route of insulin delivery, subcutaneous injection may cause local discomfort, hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and patient non-compliance. Therefore, oral delivery of insulin is more preferred. However, there is a low bioavailability due to insulin degradation by proteolytic enzymes and severe pH conditions along the gastrointestinal tract. In order to use the food-grade bacteria lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as oral delivery vehicles, a new and bioactive single-chain insulin (SCI-59) analog, containing the insulin B- and A-chains connected by an eight-residue linker (RSRGLPFR), was secretory expressed in Lactococcus lactis NZ3900 without using an antibiotic resistance gene and displayed onto the surface of various non-viable bacteria (NVBs) without genetic modification...
January 24, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109269/an-appraisal-of-the-neglected-tropical-diseases-control-program-in-cameroon-the-case-of-the-national-program-against-onchocerciasis
#17
Tsi Njim, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis is a severe parasitic infestation which causes disabling skin and subcutaneous tissue changes. Current global estimates suggest that it accounts for 1135.7 disability adjusted life years (DALYs) per 100,000 population. The disease is endemic in many African countries including Cameroon, probably suggesting that the current health policies are inadequate to achieve eradication of the disease. We aimed to appraise the current Onchocerciasis control program in Cameroon in the context of existing literature...
January 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105258/efficacy-and-safety-of-tenofovir-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-australian-real-world-experience
#18
Grace C Lovett, Tin Nguyen, David M Iser, Jacinta A Holmes, Robert Chen, Barbara Demediuk, Gideon Shaw, Sally J Bell, Paul V Desmond, Alexander J Thompson
AIM: To evaluate the long-term treatment outcomes of tenofovir therapy in patients in a real world Australian tertiary care setting. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of treatment outcomes among treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced patients receiving a minimum 3 mo tenofovir therapy through St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Australia. We included patients receiving tenofovir [tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)] monotherapy, as well as patients treated with TDF in combination with a second antiviral agent...
January 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095930/quantitative-risk-assessment-of-the-introduction-of-rabies-into-japan-through-the-importation-of-dogs-and-cats-worldwide
#19
N C L Kwan, K Sugiura, Y Hosoi, A Yamada, E L Snary
Japan has been free from rabies since 1958. A strict import regimen has been adopted since 2004 consisting of identification of an animal with microchip, two-time rabies vaccination, neutralizing antibody titration test and a waiting period of 180 days. The present study aims to quantitatively assess the risk of rabies introduction into Japan through the international importation of dogs and cats and hence provide evidence-based recommendations to strengthen the current rabies prevention system. A stochastic scenario tree model was developed and simulations were run using @RISK...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071959/tenfold-risk-increase-of-major-cardiovascular-events-after-high-limb-amputation-with-non-compliance-for-secondary-prevention-measures
#20
Evgeniya V Shalaeva, Hugo Saner, Bakhtiyor B Janabaev, Aleksandra V Shalaeva
Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of compliance with lifestyle recommendations and medication on 1-year prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) after trans-femoral amputation (TFA). Methods In this prospective single-center interventional cohort study, 179 consecutive T2D patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent 1-year follow-up examination after TFA in 2013. Lower limb and coronary artery CT angiography were provided before surgery; physical examination and laboratory tests were performed at baseline and every month after TFA for 1 year...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
keyword
keyword
59568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"