keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-compliance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651376/comparison-of-sampling-strategies-for-tobacco-retailer-inspections-to-maximize-coverage-in-vulnerable-areas-and-minimize-cost
#1
Joseph G L Lee, Bonnie E Shook-Sa, J Michael Bowling, Kurt M Ribisl
Introduction: In the United States, tens of thousands of inspections of tobacco retailers are conducted each year. Various sampling choices can reduce travel costs, emphasize enforcement in areas with greater non-compliance, and allow for comparability between states and over time. We sought to develop a model sampling strategy for state tobacco retailer inspections. Methods: Using a 2014 list of 10,161 North Carolina tobacco retailers, we compared results from simple random sampling; stratified, clustered at the ZIP code sampling; and, stratified, clustered at the census tract sampling...
June 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650967/author-contributions-to-ecological-publications-what-does-it-mean-to-be-an-author-in-modern-ecological-research
#2
John M Logan, Sarah B Bean, Andrew E Myers
Authorship is a central element of scientific research carrying a variety of rewards and responsibilities, and while various guidelines exist, actual author contributions are often ambiguous. Inconsistent or limited contributions threaten to devalue authorship as intellectual currency and diminish authors' responsibility for published content. Researchers have assessed author contributions in the medical literature and other research fields, but similar data for the field of ecological research are lacking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645839/antibiotic-prophylaxis-adequacy-in-knee-arthroplasty-and-surgical-wound-infection-prospective-cohort-study
#3
J A Del-Moral-Luque, A Checa-García, Á López-Hualda, M C Villar-Del-Campo, J Martínez-Martín, F J Moreno-Coronas, J Montejo-Sancho, G Rodríguez-Caravaca
OBJECTIVE: Antibiotic prophylaxis is the most suitable tool for preventing surgical wound infection. This study evaluated adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery for knee arthroplasty and its effect on surgical site infection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective cohort study. We assessed the degree of adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis, the causes of non-adequacy, and the effect of non-adequacy on surgical site infection. Incidence of surgical site infection was studied after a maximum incubation period of a year...
June 20, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645552/mortality-following-augmentation-cystoplasty-a-transitional-urologist-s-viewpoint
#4
REVIEW
D A Husmann
INTRODUCTION: Three complications have been hypothesized to increase patient mortality following enterocystoplasty: spontaneous bladder perforation, bladder neoplasia, and chronic renal failure (CRF). The present study examined risk of their occurrence and discussed ways to improve the quality of care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present transitional clinic followed 385 patients with a history of bladder augmentation using either ileal, sigmoid, or ascending colon...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631511/self-collected-cervicovaginal-sampling-for-site-of-care-primary-hpv-based-cervical-cancer-screening-a-pilot-study-in-a-rural-underserved-greek-population
#5
Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Εkaterini Chatzaki, Τheocharis Constantinidis, Evangelia Nena, Athena Tsertanidou, Theodoros Agorastos
In the present pilot study, the feasibility of a site-of-care cervicovaginal self-sampling methodology for HPV-based screening was tested in 346 women residing in underserved rural areas of Northern Greece. These women provided self-collected cervicovaginal sample along with a study questionnaire. Following molecular testing, using the cobas(®) HPV Test, Roche(®), HPV positive women, were referred to colposcopy and upon abnormal findings, to biopsy and treatment. Participation rate was 100%. Regular pap-test examination was reported for 17...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628223/unsuccessful-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-endocarditis-with-dalbavancin
#6
J M Steele, R W Seabury, C M Hale, B T Mogle
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Limited evidence describes dalbavancin use in infective endocarditis (IE). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old pregnant female received 4 weeks of dalbavancin for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia and tricuspid valve IE after conventional therapy was no longer an option due to non-compliance. Despite having a smaller cardiac vegetation following dalbavancin, she was bacteraemic <2 weeks later with vancomycin-intermediate (VISA) and telavancin-non-susceptible S...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627317/the-european-system-for-the-control-of-the-safety-of-food-contact-materials-needs-restructuring-a-review-and-outlook-for-discussion
#7
Koni Grob
The present European system to assure the safety of migrates from food-contact materials (FCMs) needs improvement. It is proposed to implement better the self-control by the producers through improved official control and more attractive listing of approved substances and materials (the latter being subject of another discussion paper). The initial concept of a positive list for the substances used, a limit for the overall migration and regulation of compliance testing was recognised as insufficient long ago, as it does not properly cover reaction products (including oligomers) and impurities...
June 19, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626271/long-acting-injectable-paliperidone-palmitate-a-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#8
Matthew T Morris, Sandip P Tarpada
OBJECTIVE: Summarize and synthesize the current literature regarding long-acting injectable paliperidone palmitate for the treatment of schizophrenia. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was conducted in February 2016, using the following search terms in varying permutations: schizophrenia; antipsychotic medication; long-acting injectable; paliperidone palmitate; 3-monthly injectable. RESULTS: Once-monthly injectable paliperidone palmitate (PDP) has demonstrated comparable efficacy as 1st-generation long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIAs) in reducing disease severity and re-hospitalizations in schizophrenic patients...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624298/processes-and-experiences-of-portugal-s-international-recruitment-scheme-of-colombian-physicians-did-it-work
#9
Erika Masanet
The Portuguese Ministry of Health performed five international recruitment rounds of Latin American physicians due to the need for physicians in certain geographic areas of the country and in some specialties, as a temporary solution to shortages. Among these recruitments is that of Colombian physicians in 2011 that was the largest of the five groups. This paper presents an evaluation of the international recruitment procedure of Colombian physicians based on the criteria of procedural outcomes and health system outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614385/adaptive-and-non-adaptive-models-of-depression-a-comparison-using-register-data-on-antidepressant-medication-during-divorce
#10
Tom Rosenström, Tim W Fawcett, Andrew D Higginson, Niina Metsä-Simola, Edward H Hagen, Alasdair I Houston, Pekka Martikainen
Divorce is associated with an increased probability of a depressive episode, but the causation of events remains unclear. Adaptive models of depression propose that depression is a social strategy in part, whereas non-adaptive models tend to propose a diathesis-stress mechanism. We compare an adaptive evolutionary model of depression to three alternative non-adaptive models with respect to their ability to explain the temporal pattern of depression around the time of divorce. Register-based data (304,112 individuals drawn from a random sample of 11% of Finnish people) on antidepressant purchases is used as a proxy for depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611949/pseudomalabsorption-of-levothyroxine-a-challenge-for-the-endocrinologist-in-the-treatment-of-hypothyroidism
#11
Nancy Van Wilder, Bert Bravenboer, Sarah Herremans, Nathalie Vanderbruggen, Brigitte Velkeniers
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism due to non-compliance with levothyroxine therapy (pseudomalabsorption) is rare. The diagnosis is considered in patients with persistent severe hypothyroidism despite treatment with large doses of levothyroxine. Intestinal malabsorption, drug and dietary interference with levothyroxine absorption and nephrotic syndrome should be excluded. The diagnosis of pseudomalabsorption can be demonstrated by using "an oral 1,000 µg of levothyroxine test" showing a rapid decrease in thyroid-stimulating hormone and increase in thyroxine...
February 2017: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607233/universal-health-coverage-and-the-health-sustainable-development-goal-achievements-and-challenges-for-sri-lanka
#12
Amala de Silva, Thushara Ranasinghe, Palitha Abeykoon
With state-funded health care that is free at the point of delivery, a sound primary health-care policy and widespread health-care services, Sri Lanka seems a good example of universal health coverage. Yet, health transition and disparities in provision and financing threaten this situation. Sri Lanka did well on the Millennium Development Goal health indicators, but the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) for health has a wider purview, which is to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages"...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606721/why-does-cervical-cancer-occur-in-a-state-of-the-art-screening-program
#13
Philip E Castle, Walter K Kinney, Li C Cheung, Julia C Gage, Barbara Fetterman, Nancy E Poitras, Thomas S Lorey, Nicolas Wentzensen, Brian Befano, John Schussler, Hormuzd A Katki, Mark Schiffman
BACKGROUND: The goal of cervical screening is to detect and treat precancers before some become cancer. We wanted to understand why, despite state-of-the-art methods, cervical cancers occured in relationship to programmatic performance at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), where >1,000,000 women aged ≥30years have undergone cervical cancer screening by triennial HPV and cytology cotesting since 2003. METHODS: We reviewed clinical histories preceding cervical cancer diagnoses to assign "causes" of cancer...
June 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606664/diagnostic-strategies-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-french-general-practice
#14
S Kinouani, H de Lary de Latour, J-P Joseph, L Letrilliart
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe the diagnostic management procedures for detection of urinary tract infections in general practice and their correlated factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from the ECOGEN study on urinary tract infections, collected in France between November 2011 and April 2012. This national cross-sectional study was carried out in general practices. Data was coded according to the International Classification of Primary Care. RESULTS: A total of 340 consultations or home visits were held for urinary tract infections...
June 9, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606164/the-importance-of-patient-compliance-in-repeated-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-mda-for-the-elimination-of-intestinal-helminth-transmission
#15
Sam H Farrell, James E Truscott, Roy M Anderson
BACKGROUND: Systematic non-compliance to chemotherapeutic treatment among a portion of the eligible population is thought to be a major obstacle to the elimination of helminth infections by mass drug administration (MDA). MDA for helminths is repeated at defined intervals such as yearly or every 2 years, as a consequence of the inability of the human host to develop fully protective immunity to reinfection. As such, how an individual complies to these repeated rounds of MDA can have a significant impact on parasite transmission...
June 12, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603499/campania-preventability-assessment-committee-italy-a-focus-on-the-preventability-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-adverse-drug-reactions
#16
Maurizio Sessa, Liberata Sportiello, Annamaria Mascolo, Cristina Scavone, Silvia Gallipoli, Gabriella di Mauro, Daniela Cimmaruta, Concetta Rafaniello, Annalisa Capuano
Purpose: This study aims to investigate preventability criteria of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) involving non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by analyzing individual case safety reports (ICSRs) sent through Campania region (Italy) spontaneous reporting system from July 2012 to October 2016. Methods: For all the ICSRs that reported NSAIDs as suspected drug, a trained multidisciplinary team of Campania Pharmacovigilance Regional Centre composed of clinical pharmacologists and pharmacists with pluriannual experience in Pharmacovigilance assessed preventability by using the P-method...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589311/needs-assessment-of-primary-care-physicians-in-the-management-of-chronic-pain-in-cancer-survivors
#17
Ronald Chow, Kevin Saunders, Howard Burke, Andre Belanger, Edward Chow
INTRODUCTION: Cancer patients live longer with effective anti-cancer therapy and supportive care. About 30% of cancer survivors (non-palliative cancer patients who completed treatment) suffer from chronic pain, which will be managed by their primary care physician (PCP). The aim of this study was to assess practice patterns and treatment barriers in the management of chronic pain in cancer survivors among PCPs. METHODS: A survey using a 16-item questionnaire was sent to PCPs across Canada...
June 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589283/evaluation-of-focus-surface-water-pesticide-concentration-predictions-and-risk-assessment-of-field-measured-pesticide-mixtures-a-crop-based-approach-under-mediterranean-conditions
#18
Ana Santos Pereira, Michiel A Daam, Maria José Cerejeira
FOCUS models are used in the European regulatory risk assessment (RA) to predict individual pesticide concentrations in edge-of-field surface waters. The scenarios used in higher tier FOCUS simulations were mainly based on Central/North European, and work is needed to underpin the validity of simulated exposure profiles for Mediterranean agroecosystems. In addition, the RA of chemicals are traditionally evaluated on the basis of single substances although freshwater life is generally exposed to a multitude of pesticides...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584337/-hbv-hcv-and-hiv-infection-prevalence-among-prison-staff-in-the-light-of-occupational-risk-factors
#19
Maria Gańczak, Zbigniew Szych
BACKGROUND: Objectives of the study: to assess the occupational risk for blood-borne infections (BBIs) among prison staff (number/ circumstances of blood exposures and preventive methods used), and to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey, which included serological testing with the use of 3-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) was completed on active staff at a correctional facility in Goleniów, Poland, between June-July 2015...
May 15, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583468/-role-of-quality-control-for-improvement-of-blood-components-in-the-regional-blood-centre-of-ouagadougou-in-burkina-faso-2014
#20
K Nebie, S Sawadogo, E Kafando, E M Bationo, H Dahourou, S Ouattara, K Kienou, S Nana, L Kaba, C Fretz, E L Murphy
OBJECTIVES: In Burkina Faso, blood components must comply with national standards. Then, all Transfusion services must implement a quality control process to ensure compliance. Our study aims to establish the main characteristics of blood components of the regional transfusion center of Ouagadougou, and evaluate the capability of this center to improve its manufacturing process. METHODS: We conducted from marsh to December 2014 a pre-post study, assessing blood components' characteristics before and after the implementation of a six months' improvement plan...
June 2, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
keyword
keyword
59568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"