keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-compliance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802424/can-antibiotic-impregnated-cement-nail-achieve-both-infection-control-and-bony-union-in-infected-diaphyseal-femoral-non-unions
#1
Chetan Pradhan, Atul Patil, Chetan Puram, Dheeraj Attarde, Parag Sancheti, Ashok Shyam
BACKGROUND: Infected non-union is complex and debilitating disorder affecting orthopaedic surgeon and patient in terms of cost and time. Many methods are described in the literature for treatment of infected non-union. Local high concentration of antibiotic and mechanical stability of antibiotic cement impregnated intramedullary nail (ACIIN) proves cost and time effective. Recently it was suggested that ACIIN can achieve both union and infection control in infected non-unions with bone gap less than 4cm...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799083/vaccination-coverage-and-mortality-after-splenectomy-results-from-an-italian-single-centre-study
#2
Antonio Di Sabatino, Marco Vincenzo Lenti, Francesco Paolo Tinozzi, Marina Lanave, Ivana Aquino, Catherine Klersy, Piero Marone, Carlo Marena, Andrea Pietrabissa, Gino Roberto Corazza
Splenectomy is a well-recognised risk factor for life-threatening overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI). To prevent OPSI, immunisations against encapsulated bacteria (S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis, H. influenzae) and influenza virus are recommended. However, there is still a lack of uniformity and poor compliance with these recommendations. Following a local physicians' awareness campaign regarding the importance of vaccine prophylaxis of splenectomised patients, we aimed to register vaccination coverage, mortality and infection rates in all patients who underwent splenectomy at our hospital, over a six-year time span...
August 10, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791693/atypical-antipsychotics-for-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-youths
#3
REVIEW
Jik H Loy, Sally N Merry, Sarah E Hetrick, Karolina Stasiak
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review, last published in 2012 (Loy 2012). Children and youths with disruptive behaviour disorders may present to health services, where they may be treated with atypical antipsychotics. There is increasing usage of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of disruptive behaviour disorders. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect and safety of atypical antipsychotics, compared to placebo, for treating disruptive behaviour disorders in children and youths...
August 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791494/adherence-with-perindopril-therapy-a-pilot-study-using-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-perindoprilat-and-an-evaluation-of-the-clearance-estimation
#4
Martin Šíma, Martin Vodička, Věra Marešová, Tomáš Šálek, Radomír Čabala, Ondřej Slanař
Background Although measurement of drug serum levels is an objective direct method for testing compliance, it can be distorted by "white-coat compliance" or by variations in drug elimination. Objective The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of noncompliance with perindopril therapy in adult out-patients using pharmacokinetic simulations. The additional aim was to compare the predictive performance of two glomerular filtration rate markers-creatinine and cystatin C. Setting Department of Cardiology, Tomas Bata Regional Hospital in Zlín, Czech Republic...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783651/automatic-recognition-of-activities-of-daily-living-utilizing-insole-based-and-wrist-worn-wearable-sensors
#5
Nagaraj Hegde, Matthew Bries, Tracy Swibas, Edward Melanson, Edward Sazonov
Automatic recognition of activities of daily living (ADL) is an important component in understanding of energy balance, quality of life and other areas of health and well-being. In our previous work, we had proposed an insole based activity monitor - SmartStep, designed to be socially acceptable and comfortable. The goals of the current study were: first, validation of SmartStep in recognition of a broad set of ADL; second, comparison of the SmartStep to a wrist sensor and testing these in combination; third, evaluation of SmartStep accuracy in measuring wear non-compliance and a novel activity class (driving); fourth, performing the validation in free living against a well-studied criterion measure (ActivPAL, PAL Technologies); and fifth, quantitative evaluation of the perceived comfort of SmartStep...
August 1, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783501/high-risk-family-colorectal-cancer-screening-service-in-ireland-critical-review-of-clinical-outcomes
#6
Margaret Walshe, Robert Moran, Marie Boyle, Ion Cretu, Zita Galvin, Victoria Swan, Jason Trikovic, Michael P Farrell, Sinéad Foy, Loretta O'Brien, Jan Leyden, Niall Mulligan, Helen Fenlon, David J Gallagher, Padraic MacMathúna
BACKGROUND: We present the 15-year experience of a family colorectal cancer screening service in Ireland with emphasis on real life experience and outcomes. METHODS: Questionnaires were used to assess family cancer history and assign patients to risk categories; 'Moderate Risk', HNPCC, (suspected) genetic syndrome (non-HNPCC), 'Low Risk'. Screening was by full colonoscopy. We report neoplastic yield, examining effect of risk category, age, gender, and index colonoscopy findings...
August 4, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781242/outcome-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-the-absorb-bioresorbable-scaffold-data-from-the-swedish-coronary-angiography-and-angioplasty-registry-scaar
#7
Per Grimfjärd, Stefan James, Jonas Persson, Oskar Angerås, Sasha Koul, Elmir Omerovic, Christoph Varenhorst, Bo Lagerqvist, David Erlinge
AIMS: Randomised trials indicate higher rates of stent thrombosis (ST) and target lesion failure (TLF) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the Absorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) compared with modern drug eluting stents (DES). We aimed to investigate the outcome of all Swedish patients treated with the Absorb BRS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Absorb BRS (n=810) was compared with commonly used modern DES (n=67,099). Main outcome measure was definite ST, mean follow-up was 2 years...
August 8, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778040/health-impacts-related-to-urban-and-transport-planning-a-burden-of-disease-assessment
#8
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Xavier Basagaña, Marta Cirach, Tom Cole-Hunter, Payam Dadvand, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Maria Foraster, Mireia Gascon, David Martinez, Cathryn Tonne, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Antònia Valentín, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Until now, estimates of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) have mainly been produced on national or regional levels. These general estimates, however, are less useful for city governments who have to take decisions on local scales. To address this gap, we focused on the city-level burden of disease (BD) due to exposures affected by urban and transport planning. We conducted a BD assessment using the Urban and Transport Planning Health Impact Assessment (UTOPHIA) tool to estimate annual preventable morbidity and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) under compliance with international exposure recommendations for physical activity (PA), exposure to air pollution, noise, heat, and access to green spaces in Barcelona, Spain...
August 1, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764695/compliance-with-telephone-triage-advice-among-adults-aged-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-an-australian-data-linkage-study
#9
Duong Thuy Tran, Amy Gibson, Deborah Randall, Alys Havard, Mary Byrne, Maureen Robinson, Anthony Lawler, Louisa R Jorm
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged and older patients are prominent users of telephone triage services for timely access to health information and appropriate referrals. Non-compliance with advice to seek appropriate care could potentially lead to poorer health outcomes among those patients. It is imperative to assess the extent to which middle-aged and older patients follow triage advice and how this varies according to their socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics as well as features of the call...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761593/case-series-transplantation-of-kidneys-from-donors-with-renal-artery-aneurysm
#10
Mahmoud Alameddine, Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Giselle Guerra, Mahmoud Morsi, Mohammed Osman, V J Chia, George W Burke, Linda Chen, Rodrigo Vianna, Ian Zheng, Javier González, Gaetano Ciancio
INTRODUCTION: With the present disparity between organ availability and recipient demands, we reported our experience in transplanting kidneys with renal artery aneurysm after back-table reconstruction. METHODS: Four patients were identified. The repair consisted of excision of the aneurysm with ostial closure, and for one of the cases, an ovarian vein patch was used. We reviewed the safety and outcomes of this procedure. All donors were asymptomatic before surgery and were diagnosed incidentally during living donor evaluation...
July 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760615/benevolent-personification-of-the-moh-increases-compliance-with-an-emergency-polio-vaccination
#11
Golan Shahar, Gal Noyman-Veksler, Shai Itamar, David Greenberg, Itamar Grotto
OBJECTIVE: Parental compliance is crucial to the success of mass vaccination campaigns targeting children. Relying on psychological/neuroscientific research concerning the role of personification (i.e., viewing the inanimate as human) in behavior, the authors examined the effect of parents' personification of the Israeli Ministry of Health (MoH) on compliance with a publicly controversial mass vaccination campaign, which was aimed at stopping the spread of a wild poliovirus. METHODS: Participants were 555 parents of children aged 9 or younger, residing in the center/north of Israel, an area covered by Phase 2 of the campaign...
July 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#12
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747120/a-perspective-on-the-contribution-of-animal-models-to-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Valerie Bertaina-Anglade, Susan M O'Connor, Emile Andriambeloson
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent, chronic, disabling disorder that may develop following exposure to a traumatic event. This review summarizes currently used animal models of PTSD and their potential role in the development of better therapeutics. Heterogeneity is one of the main characteristics of PTSD with the consequence that many pharmacological approaches are used to relieve symptoms of PTSD. To address the translational properties of the animal models, we discuss the types of stressors used, the rodent correlates of human PTSD (DSM-5) symptoms, and the efficacy of approved, recommended and off-label drugs used to treat PTSD in 'PTSD-animals'...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734784/drug-delivery-innovations-to-address-global-health-challenges-for-pediatric-and-geriatric-populations-through-improvements-in-patient-compliance
#14
Joshua Boateng
Despite significant advances in pharmaceutical and biotechnological drug discovery, the global population is plagued with many challenging diseases. These are further compounded by anticipated explosion in an ageing population, which presents several problems such as polypharmacy, dysphagia and neurological conditions, resulting in non-compliance and disease complications. For antibiotics, poor compliance, can result in development of drug resistant infections which can be fatal. Further, children, especially, in developing countries die unnecessarily from easily treatable diseases (e...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728766/assessment-of-safe-sleep-validation-of-the-parent-newborn-sleep-safety-survey
#15
Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Rosemary Nabaweesi, Alison Rose Caballero, Samantha Hope Mullins, Beverly Kaye Miller, Mary Elizabeth Aitken
PURPOSE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and suffocation account for more than half of all Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations describe the safest environments to protect infants. This study compared parent responses on the Newborn Sleep Safety Survey and observational assessments (N=72) of infant sleep environments in families thought to be at high-risk for non-compliance with AAP recommendations. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study of participants enrolled in two home visitation support programs was used...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727270/efficacy-and-safety-of-pregabalin-for-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-a-population-of-chinese-patients-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Yiming Mu, Xiaomin Liu, Quanmin Li, Kangning Chen, Yu Liu, Xiaofeng Lv, Xiangjin Xu, Dongsheng Fan, Ningxiu Shang, Ruoyong Yang, Lynne Pauer, Changyu Pan
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists on the efficacy of pregabalin in Chinese patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN). METHODS: An 11-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Chinese pDPN patients randomized (1:1) to pregabalin 300 mg/day or placebo. Primary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline in mean daily pain score (0 = no pain;10 = worst possible pain). Secondary efficacy endpoints included overall weekly mean pain score, responder status, impression of change, pain intensity, and sleep...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725143/pharmacy-malpractice-the-rate-and-prevalence-of-dispensing-high-risk-prescription-only-medications-at-community-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Thamir M Alshammari, Salman A Alhindi, Ahmed M Alrashdi, Imaan Benmerzouga, Mohamad Aljofan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the compliance of community pharmacies with the regulations that prohibit the dispensing of prescription-only medications in the absence of a physician prescription in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the period between October 2014 and January 2015. A list of 10 prescription-only medications were selected to be studied. 150 community pharmacies were visited across 6 major regions in Saudi Arabia to assess the prevalence of non-compliance among community pharmacies...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719006/relative-exchangeable-copper-a-valuable-tool-for-the-diagnosis-of-wilson-disease
#18
Olivier Guillaud, Anne-Sophie Brunet, Isabelle Mallet, Jérôme Dumortier, Martine Pelosse, Sophie Heissat, Christine Rivet, Alain Lachaux, Muriel Bost
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Measuring of the relative exchangeable copper seems to be a promising tool for the diagnosis of Wilson disease. The aim of our study is to determine the performance of REC for the diagnosis of Wilson disease in a population of patients with chronic liver diseases. METHODS: Measuring of exchangeable serum copper levels and relative exchangeable copper was performed in a group of Wilson disease patients at diagnosis or at clinical deterioration because of non-compliance (group 1, n=9), a group of stable WD patients (group 2, n=40), and 2 groups of patients (adult and pediatric) followed for non-Wilsonian liver diseases (group 3, n=103 and group 4, n=49, respectively)...
July 18, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712682/adherence-to-nutritional-recommendations-in-vending-machines-at-secondary-schools-in-madrid-spain-2014-2015
#19
Doris Xiomara Monroy-Parada, María Luisa Jácome-González, María Ángeles Moya-Geromini, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional content of products offered in food and drink vending machines at secondary schools in the Madrid Autonomous Community (Spain), and to evaluate these items' adherence to the nutritional recommendations of the National Health System Consensus Document on School Food. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a sample of 330 secondary schools in Madrid across the period 2014-2015. Secondary school vending machines were identified by telephone interview...
July 13, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708755/computed-tomography-coronary-angiography-with-heart-rate-control-premedication-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#20
Gordon Thomas Waterland Mander
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography coronary angiography patient preparation with heart rate control premedication is employed in departments across Australia. However, the methods of administration vary widely between institutions and do not always follow best practice. OBJECTIVES: This aim of the study was to identify and promote best practice in the administration of heart rate premedication in computed tomography coronary angiography at a regional hospital in Australia...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
keyword
keyword
59568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"