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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900243/trismus-in-oral-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-and-radiotherapy
#1
Padmanidhi Agarwal, H R Shiva Kumar, Kirthi Kumar Rai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of trismus before and after surgery and subsequent radiotherapy for patients of oral cancer and to determine the risk factors for the same. METHODS: 30 patients diagnosed with oral cancer were included. Maximum mouth opening was measured for each patient as the inter incisal distance and was measured on 4 occasions - preoperatively at the time of diagnosis, post-operatively at discharge from the hospital, post-radiotherapy and at 6 months follow-up...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896895/five-year-efficacy-and-safety-of-tenofovir-based-salvage-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-who-previously-failed-lam-adv-therapy
#2
Lucy Lim, Alexander Thompson, Scott Patterson, Jacob George, Simone Strasser, Alice Lee, William Sievert, Amanda Nicoll, Paul Desmond, Stuart Roberts, Kaye Marion, Scott Bowden, Stephen Locarnini, Peter Angus
BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistant HBV continues to be an important clinical problem. The TDF-109 study demonstrated that TDF±LAM is effective salvage therapy through 96 weeks for LAM resistant patients who previously failed ADV add-on or switch therapy. We evaluated the 5 year efficacy and safety outcomes in patients receiving long-term TDF±LAM in the TDF-109 study. METHODS: 59 patients completed the first phase of the TDF-109 study and 54/59 were rolled over into a long-term prospective open-label study of TDF±LAM 300mg daily...
November 29, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894416/australian-university-smoke-free-policy-implementation-a-staff-and-student-survey
#3
Ashleigh Guillaumier, Billie Bonevski, Christine Paul, John Wiggers, John Germov, Dylan Mitchell, Diane Bunch
Issue addressed: Universities represent important settings for the implementation of public health initiatives such as smoke-free policies. The study aimed to assess staff and student attitudes towards policy enforcement and compliance as well as the acceptability of the provision of cessation support in this setting. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted following the introduction of a designated-areas partial smoke-free policy at two campuses of one Australian university in 2014. Staff (n=533) and students (n=3060) completed separate online surveys assessing attitudes towards smoke-free policy enforcement and compliance, and acceptability of university-provided cessation support...
November 18, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884131/improvement-of-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-in-private-for-profit-residential-care-homes-an-action-research-study
#4
Enid Wy Kwong, Maria Sy Hung, Kevin Woo
BACKGROUND: A need exits to develop a protocol for preventing pressure ulcers (PUs) in private for-profit nursing homes in Hong Kong, where the incidence of PUs is relatively high and which have high proportion of non-professional care staff. The implementation of such protocol would involve changes in the practice of care, likely evoking feelings of fear and uncertainty that may become a barrier to staff adherence. We thus adopted the Systems Model of Action Research in this study to manage the process of change for improving PU prevention care and to develop a pressure ulcer prevention protocol for private for-profit nursing homes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861968/compliance-of-post-radiation-therapy-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-with-caries-preventive-protocols
#5
Agnieszka M Frydrych, Linda M Slack-Smith, Richard Parsons
BACKGROUND: Caries prevention is paramount in safeguarding the life quality of head and neck cancer patients and is dependent on patient compliance with caries preventive protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine this compliance. METHODS: All records of patients referred to one public oral medicine clinic servicing a head and neck oncology unit of one major Western Australian hospital, between January 2005 and December 2011 were examined. Data extracted included patient and cancer characteristics and compliance with dietary advice, dental care, oral hygiene instruction and fluoride use over a follow-up period of at least 12 months...
November 18, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856940/reducing-nicotine-exposure-results-in-weight-gain-in-smokers-randomised-to-very-low-nicotine-content-cigarettes
#6
Laura E Rupprecht, Joseph S Koopmeiners, Sarah S Dermody, Jason A Oliver, Mustafa al'Absi, Neal L Benowitz, Rachel Denlinger-Apte, David J Drobes, Dorothy Hatsukami, F Joseph McClernon, Lauren R Pacek, Tracy T Smith, Alan F Sved, Jennifer Tidey, Ryan Vandrey, Eric C Donny
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration can reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes to very low levels. This potential regulatory action is hypothesised to improve public health by reducing smoking, but may have unintended consequences related to weight gain. METHODS: Weight gain was evaluated from a double-blind, parallel, randomised clinical trial of 839 participants assigned to smoke 1 of 6 investigational cigarettes with nicotine content ranging from 0...
November 17, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848269/evidence-based-pharmacotherapy-of-treatment-resistant-unipolar-depression
#7
Markus Dold, Siegfried Kasper
Treatment resistance to the antidepressive pharmacotherapy represents one of the most important clinical challenges in the pharmacological management of unipolar depression. In this review, we aimed to summarise the evidence for various pharmacological treatment options in therapy-resistant unipolar depression derived from clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and treatment guidelines. The first measure in case of insufficient response to the initial antidepressant monotherapy contains the debarment of 'pseudo-resistance', potentially caused by inadequate dose and treatment duration of the antidepressant, insufficient plasma levels, non-compliance of the patient regarding medication intake or relevant psychiatric and/or somatic comorbidities...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847221/chronic-allograft-injury-mechanisms-and-potential-treatment-targets
#8
REVIEW
Leonardo V Riella, Arjang Djamali, Julio Pascual
Improving long-term graft survival remains one of the critical challenges facing kidney transplantation since a great portion of kidney grafts are lost by 10years after transplantation. Understanding the causes of chronic allograft injury and providing timely therapeutic interventions are essential for improving these outcomes. In this review, we will discuss the recent data that emerged turning down calcineurin inhibitors as the primary cause of long-term graft injury and highlighting the increased importance of non-compliance, antibody-mediated injury, disease recurrence, and BK nephropathy as culprits...
October 11, 2016: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846126/implementation-of-the-american-society-of-anesthesiology-s-guidelines-to-reduce-prolonged-fasting-times-in-pediatric-preoperative-patients-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#9
Carol M Costello
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) guidelines for pediatric preoperative fasting have been a standard for well over a decade. However, use of protocols involving an excessive fasting duration exposes patients to the physiological impacts of fluid volume loss. OBJECTIVES: The current project aimed to improve fluid supplementation during presurgical fasting in pediatric patients at an academic medical center. Specific objectives were to increase clinical staff knowledge regarding ASA fasting standards and implement them in specific pediatric patient populations...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826544/a-prospective-multi-country-observational-trial-to-compare-the-incidences-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-month-of-ramadan-the-preceding-month-and-the-following-month-dkar-international
#10
Elamin I E Abdelgadir, Mohamed M Hassanein, Alaaeldin M K Bashier, Sulaf Abdelaziz, Salwa Baki, Asma Chadli, Sara Askaoui, El Ansari Nawal, Ines S Slim, El Mghari Ghizlane, Khadija Hafidh, Fatheya Alawadi
BACKGROUND: 1.7 billion Muslims worldwide obey divine commands of fasting for a month. This may increase the probability of the acute complications of diabetes during the fasting period. DESIGN AND METHODS: We primarily aimed to compare the incidences and duration of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) admissions during Ramadan compared to the month before (Shaaban) and the month after (Shawal) as well as the average pre-Ramadan six months' admissions. Our secondary objective was to assess the different incidence of DKA between Ramadan and the other months regarding precipitating factors, fasting practices in people admitted with DKA and gender differences...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820664/compliance-with-allergen-immunotherapy-and-factors-affecting-compliance-among-patients-with-respiratory-allergies
#11
Fardous Musa, Mona Al-Ahmad, Nermina Arifhodzic, Waleed Al-Herz
BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is safe and effective for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. However, patient non-compliance is a major barrier to achieving optimal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of compliance among patients using AIT and to identify factors associated with non-compliance. METHODS: A retrospective analysis using questionnaires was conducted to study compliance among 236 patients with allergic rhinitis with or without asthma who began AIT in 2009 or 2010...
November 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811018/the-quality-of-work-in-the-belgian-service-voucher-system
#12
Sarah Mousaid, Kelly Huegaerts, Kim Bosmans, Mireia Julia, Joan Benach, Christophe Vanroelen
Several European countries implemented initiatives to boost the growth of the domestic cleaning sector. Few studies investigated the quality of work in these initiatives, although effects on workers' health and on social health inequalities can be expected. This study contributes to the scant research on this subject, by investigating the quality of work in the Belgian service voucher system - a subsidized system for domestic work. The applied research methodology includes a qualitative content analysis of parliamentary debates, legislation and previous research about the service voucher system and of 40 in-depth interviews with service voucher workers...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809214/the-leaf-expander-for-non-compliance-treatment-in-the-mixed-dentition
#13
Claudio Lanteri, Matteo Beretta, Valentina Lanteri, Alessandro Gianolio, Claudia Cherchi, Lorenzo Franchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthodontics: JCO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808602/workplace-safety-in-bangladesh-rmg-sector-three-years-after-rana-plaza-collapse
#14
Uttama Barua, Mehedi Ahmed Ansary
Workplace safety is one of the most important issues in the industries worldwide, which is endangered by industrial accidents. Different industrial disasters resulted in several initiatives worldwide to protect human life and reduce material damage, both nationally and internationally. In Bangladesh ready-made garment (RMG) industry is one of the most important export oriented business sector, which is facing challenges to ensure workplace safety. Rana Plaza collapse in Bangladesh is the consequence of such non-compliance...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803913/factors-associated-with-recurrence-of-clubfoot-treated-by-the-ponseti-method
#15
Mohammad Reza Azarpira, Mohammad Jafar Emami, Amir Reza Vosoughi, Keivan Rahbari
AIM: To assess several associated factors on the recurrence of clubfoot after successful correction by the Ponseti method. METHODS: A total of 115 children with 196 clubfeet deformities, treated by the Ponseti method, were evaluated. Demographic data, family history of clubfoot in first-degree relatives, maternal educational level and brace compliance were enquired. Based on their medical files, the characteristics of the patients at the time of presentation such as age, possible associated neuromuscular disease or especial syndrome, severity of the deformity according to the Dimeglio grade and Pirani score, residual deformity after previous Ponseti method and number of casts needed for the correction were recorded...
October 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803718/non-compliance-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder-a-six-month-follow-up-study
#16
Sanaz Azadforouz, Amir Shabani, Shabnam Nohesara, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl
BACKGROUND: Medication treatment compliance among bipolar patients is quite widespread. OBJECTIVES: Treatment compliance depends on multiple factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predicting factors of noncompliance in patients with bipolar I disorder admitted to an Iranian hospital during a six-month follow up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 47 bipolar I disorder subjects who were admitted to the Iran psychiatric hospital and that were chosen using a non-randomized convenient sampling model...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800437/survey-on-animal-welfare-in-nine-hundred-and-forty-three-italian-dairy-farms
#17
Angelo Peli, Marco Pietra, Federica Giacometti, Antonella Mazzi, Gianluca Scacco, Andrea Serraino, Lorenzo Scagliarini
The final results of a survey on welfare of dairy cows in 7 Italian Regions are presented. The study has been performed on 943 farms in southern and central Italy to highlight critical and strong points concerning animal welfare in dairy systems, by using direct and indirect criteria. To assess animal welfare, a checklist based on 303 parameters has been used; indirect criteria have been organised in 5 general areas concerning Farm management, Farming and housing systems, Environment, Feeding, Health and hygiene; other resource-based criteria were considered in 5 specific areas for the different productive categories (lactating cows, dry cows, pregnant heifers, cows comeback, calves up to 8 weeks and calves between 8 weeks and 6 months); finally, an Indicators section focused on animal based criteria...
January 18, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797236/evaluation-of-provider-skills-in-performing-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-in-the-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-the-meknes-tafilalet-region-of-morocco
#18
Farida Selmouni, Catherine Sauvaget, Ahmed Zidouh, Consuelo Alvarez Plaza, Richard Muwonge, Karima El Rhazi, Partha Basu, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
BACKGROUND: This study documented the performance of providers of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) at primary health centers, assessing their compliance with the VIA skills checklist and determinants of non-compliance, and exploring their perceptions of VIA training sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross- sectional study was conducted among VIA providers in the Meknes-Tafilalet region of Morocco. Structured observation of their performance was conducted through supervisory visits and multiple focus group discussions (FGDs)...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793145/tuberculosis-patients-pre-hospital-delay-and-non-compliance-with-a-longstanding-dot-programme-a-mixed-methods-study-in-urban-zambia
#19
Anne Lia Cremers, René Gerrets, Nathan Kapata, Austin Kabika, Emma Birnie, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Martin P Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem in Zambia, despite considerable efforts to control and prevent it. With this study, we aim to understand how perceptions and cultural, social, economic, and organisational factors influence TB patients' pre-hospital delay and non-compliance with care provided by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP). METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted with 300 TB patients recruited at Kanyama clinic for structured interviews...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792252/questionnaire-based-survey-in-a-developing-country-showing-non-compliance-with-paediatric-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-practice-guidelines
#20
Hayat Manasfi, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Imad Akel, Nadine Yazbeck
AIM: This 2015 study investigated whether Lebanese paediatricians diagnosed and managed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants and children in accordance with the 2009 guidelines from the North American and European Societies for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. METHODS: Paediatricians members of the Lebanese Order of Physicians with updated email addresses were invited to complete a web-based survey between September and November 2015, to assess their knowledge and management of GERD...
October 28, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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