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Justyna Rajchert, Monika Rosa, Joanna Pawłowska, Milosz Parczewski, Marta Wawrzynowicz-Syczewska
BACKGROUND Despite excellent transplantation results, there is a vulnerable period of time in the post-transplant management of pediatric liver recipients, which is the time when a child becomes an adolescent. This period of psychological distress influences compliance and may result in premature transplant failure and graft loss. We performed a retrospective review of pediatric liver transplant recipients, transferred to our service for adults, in order to identify key issues associated with transition into the adult care...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Idalina Luz, Angela Ribas, Lorena Kozlowski, Mariluci Willig, Ana Paula Berberian
Introduction Law 12.303/10 requires hearing screening in newborns before hospital discharge to detect possible hearing problems within the first three months after birth. If the newborn fails the test or presents signs of risk for hearing loss, it must undergo a retest and monitoring during the first year of life. In practice, this often does not happen. Objective To identify, in a group of mothers of children with risk factors for hearing loss, the determining reasons for non-compliance with the auditory retest...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
O M Gbotolorun, I M Dipo-Fagbemi, A O Olojede, S Ebigwei, J O Adetoye
This double-blind, randomized controlled study was done to assess the necessity of systemic antibiotics in the prevention of wound healing complications after intra-alveolar dental extraction. A consecutive recruitment method was used to allocate participants to two treatment groups. Subjects in group A (antibiotics group, n=75) received amoxicillin and metronidazole for 5 days postoperatively, while those in group B (placebo group, n=75) were given identical-looking placebo drugs in place of the antibiotics...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tomás Sánchez-Santana, Juan Antonio Del-Moral-Luque, Pablo Gil-Yonte, Luis Bañuelos-Andrío, Manuel Durán-Poveda, Gil Rodríguez-Caravaca
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis is the most suitable tool for preventing surgical site infection. This study assessed compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery for acute appendicitis, and the effect of this compliance on surgical site infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study to evaluate compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis protocol in appendectomies. An assessment was made of the level of compliance with prophylaxis, as well as the causes of non-compliance...
October 13, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Alyssa S Thomas, Taciano L Milfont, Michael C Gavin
Non-compliance with fishing regulations can undermine management effectiveness. Previous bivariate approaches were unable to untangle the complex mix of factors that may influence fishers' compliance decisions, including enforcement, moral norms, perceived legitimacy of regulations and the behaviour of others. We compared seven multivariate behavioural models of fisher compliance decisions using structural equation modeling. An online survey of over 300 recreational fishers tested the ability of each model to best predict their compliance with two fishing regulations (daily and size limits)...
2016: PloS One
Joanna E Cohen, Jennifer Brown, Carmen Washington, Kevin Welding, Jacqueline Ferguson, Katherine Smith
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, a global health treaty ratified by over 175 countries, calls on countries to ensure that tobacco packages carry health warning labels (HWLs) describing the harmful effects of tobacco use. We assessed the extent of compliance with 14 countries' HWL requirements. Unique cigarette packs were purchased in 2013 using a systematic protocol in 12 distinct neighborhoods within three of the ten most populous cities in the 14 low- and middle-income countries with the greatest number (count) of smokers...
October 3, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Inge Jeandarme, Ciska Wittouck, Freya Vander Laenen, Claudia Pouls, T I Oei, Stefan Bogaerts
Violence is a common phenomenon both in regular and forensic psychiatric settings, and has a profound impact on staff and other patients. Insight into the individual risk factors associated with violence in forensic psychiatric settings is rare and is therefore the subject of this research. A retrospective file study in three medium security units in Flanders was conducted to compare non-violent inpatients with inpatients who engaged in (verbal and physical) violent behavior. Binary logistic regression analyses were used to examine which variables contributed independently to the risk of violence...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Dianne C Barker, Shu Wang, David Merriman, Andrew Crosby, Elissa A Resnick, Frank J Chaloupka
INTRODUCTION: A number of recent studies document the proportion of all cigarette packs that are 'contraband' using discarded packs to measure tax avoidance and evasion, which we call tax non-compliance. To date, academic studies using discarded packs focused on relatively small geographical areas such as a city or a neighbourhood. METHODS: We visited 160 communities across 38 US states in 2012 and collected data from littered cigarette packs as part of the State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Research Initiative and the Bridging the Gap Community Obesity Measures Project (BTG-COMP)...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Amadeo Sáez-Alquezar, Pedro Albajar-Viñas, André Valpassos Guimarães, José Abol Corrêa
Quality control procedures are indispensable to ensure the reliability of the results provided by laboratories responsible for serological screening in blood banks. International recommendations on systems of quality management classify as a top component the inclusion of two types of control: (a) internal quality control (IQC) and (b) external quality control (EQC). In EQC it is essential to have, at least, a monthly frequency of laboratory assessment. On the other hand, IQC involves the daily use of low-reactivity control sera, which should be systematically added in all run, carried out in the laboratory for each parameter...
November 2015: EJIFCC
Ali S Haider, Maryam Alam, Ebun Adetutu, Richa Thakur, Caleb Gottlich, Danielle L DeBacker, Lianne Marks
Hashimoto's encephalitis (HE), also known as steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), can be a debilitating manifestation of an autoimmune reaction against the thyroid that is often under-diagnosed primarily due to a lack of definitive diagnostic criteria. This is a case of a 52-year-old woman who has been diagnosed with HE after presenting with recurrent and severe psychosis in conjunction with paranoia and a thyroidopathy. Her symptoms are chronic, having first been documented as presenting 15 years prior and showing progressive exacerbation in both frequency and severity...
2016: Curēus
Stefano Livi, Fabrizio Zeri, Rossella Baroni
PURPOSE: To assess the compliance of Daily Disposable Contact Lenses (DDCLs) wearers with replacing lenses at a manufacturer-recommended replacement frequency. To evaluate the ability of two different Health Behavioural Theories (HBT), The Health Belief Model (HBM) and The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), in predicting compliance. METHOD: A multi-centre survey was conducted using a questionnaire completed anonymously by contact lens wearers during the purchase of DDCLs...
September 23, 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Michel K Mengnjo, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Mickael Essouma, Ahmadou M Jingi, Jean Joel R Bigna
OBJECTIVE: The hypertension epidemic in Africa collectively with very low rates of blood pressure control may predict an incremented prevalence of resistant hypertension (RH) across the continent. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of RH and associated risk factors in Africa. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a comprehensive search of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Africa Wide Information and Africa Index Medicus) completed by manual search of articles, regardless of language or publication date...
2016: BMJ Open
Angela Aherrera, Asli Çarkoğlu, Mutlu Hayran, Gül Ergör, Toker Ergüder, Bekir Kaplan, Jolie Susan, Laura Zheng, Joanna E Cohen, Ana Navas-Acien
INTRODUCTION: In 2009, Turkey extended the smoke-free legislation to hospitality venues. Compliance, however, remains low in some hospitality venues. We identified characteristics associated with knowledge of health effects that can be prevented by the smoke-free law, the attitude towards and enforcement of the law. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted 400 interviews with hospitality venue owners and employees in 7 cities in Turkey. The venues were identified based on a random sampling strategy in a previous phase of the study...
September 19, 2016: Tobacco Control
Ruchika Talwar, Michael Benson, Mina Fam, Vladislav Bargman, Nitin N Patel
Urologists rely heavily on indwelling ureteral stents to manage urinary tract obstruction secondary to calculi, malignancy, stricture, congenital anomalies, or edematous response to operative procedures(1). The use of a ureteral stent is a temporary intervention and requires removal to prevent potential complications. However, patient non-compliance with follow-up may lead to encrustation of the ureteral stent. Given the widespread use of indwelling ureteral stents in urologic practice, the issue of encrustation secondary to a retained stent is a significant clinical challenge...
September 14, 2016: Urology
Bruna Vieira Ventura, Kyle Douglas MacLean, Wagner Lira, Daniele Mendes de Oliveira, Camila Vieira Ventura, Liliana Werner
A 51-year-old patient underwent posterior vitrectomy with perfluoropropane gas injection, phacoemulsification, and implantation of an Oft Cryl® hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) because of traumatic retinal detachment and cataract in the right eye. On the first postoperative day, gas was filling the anterior chamber because of patient's non-compliance in terms of head positioning, and was reabsorbed within one week. Eight months later, the patient returned complaining of a significant decrease in vision...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
A S Boulanger, I Paquette, G Létourneau, S Richard-Devantoy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a medical emergency. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the literature published over the past 15 years pertaining to prophylactic and curative treatment of WE with thiamine. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using Medline to include all studies published between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2015. RESULTS: Of the 316 abstracts identified, 20 met the final inclusion criteria...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
Aspasia Petri, Efthymios Karabetsos
In order to ground the credibility of the sunbeds' ultraviolet radiation compliance assessment with the 0.3W/m(2) erythema effective irradiance limit, it is highly important to use reliable measuring equipment and to justify reasonably the measurement's result. Recently, the first surveillance action of the artificial tanning sector in Greece has been finalised. The action consisted of in situ erythema effective irradiance measurements from sunbeds at commercial premises offering artificial tanning services at various cities throughout Greece...
September 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Nicole D A Boyé, Nathalie van der Velde, Oscar J de Vries, Esther M M van Lieshout, Klaas A Hartholt, Francesco U S Mattace-Raso, Paul Lips, Peter Patka, Ed F van Beeck, Tischa J M van der Cammen
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the effect of withdrawal of fall-risk-increasing-drugs (FRIDs) versus 'care as usual' on reducing falls in community-dwelling older fallers. DESIGN: randomised multicentre trial. PARTICIPANTS: six hundred and twelve older adults who visited an Emergency Department (ED) because of a fall. INTERVENTIONS: withdrawal of FRIDs. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: primary outcome was time to the first self-reported fall...
September 10, 2016: Age and Ageing
Vinuta Mohan, Robert Lind
Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. If left untreated, patients may have multiple systemic complications such as cardiac, reproductive, and skeletal disease. Thionamides, such as methimazole and propylthiouracil, and I(131) iodine ablation are the most commonly prescribed treatment for Graves' disease. Total thyroidectomy is often overlooked for treatment and is usually only offered if the other options have failed. In our case, we discuss a patient who was admitted to our medical center with symptomatic hyperthyroidism secondary to long-standing Graves' disease...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Matthias Liess, Kaarina Foit, Saskia Knillmann, Ralf B Schäfer, Hans-Dieter Liess
Toxicants and other, non-chemical environmental stressors contribute to the global biodiversity crisis. Examples include the loss of bees and the reduction of aquatic biodiversity. Although non-compliance with regulations might be contributing, the widespread existence of these impacts suggests that for example the current approach of pesticide risk assessment fails to protect biodiversity when multiple stressors concurrently affect organisms. To quantify such multiple stress effects, we analysed all applicable aquatic studies and found that the presence of environmental stressors increases individual sensitivity to toxicants (pesticides, trace metals) by a factor of up to 100...
2016: Scientific Reports
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