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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535528/chronic-allograft-injury-an-overview-of-pathogenesis-and-treatment-strategies
#1
Hector M Madariaga, Leonardo V Riella
Chronic allograft injury (CAI) remains one of the biggest challenges in transplantation as it directly affects the long-term allograft survival, an area in which the scientific and transplantation communities have struggled to improve outcomes. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms of CAI is paramount to implement preventive measures and novel therapeutic options. In this review, we will address the latest evidence on CAI, potential etiologies and risk factors including non-adherence, antibody-mediated rejection, recurrence of glomerular disease, BK nephropathy, and calcineurin nephrotoxicity...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532715/caretakers-barriers-to-pediatric-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study
#2
C T Tran, T H Pham, K T Tran, T K C Nguyen, M Larsson
BACKGROUND: Poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence leads to drug resistance and treatment failures. The options for second and third line ART regimens, particularly for pediatric patients, are very limited in low and middle-income countries. HIV-infected children are mostly passive drug-takers, thus caretakers play a very important role in assuring ART adherence. Pediatric ART adherence is still a challenging problem in Vietnam since non-adherence is the major risk factor for treatment failure...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530038/hiv-treatment-and-care-services-for-adolescents-a-situational-analysis-of-218-facilities-in-23-sub-saharan-african-countries
#3
Daniella Mark, Alice Armstrong, Catarina Andrade, Martina Penazzato, Luann Hatane, Lina Taing, Toby Runciman, Jane Ferguson
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10-19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-governmental organisation (NGO) supporting a network of health facilities across sub-Saharan Africa, undertook a facility-level situational analysis of adolescent HIV treatment and care services in 23 countries...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528624/root-cause-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-an-outpatient-anticoagulation-management-consortium
#4
Christopher M Graves, Brian Haymart, Eva Kline-Rogers, Geoffrey D Barnes, Linda K Perry, Denise Pluhatsch, Nannette Gearhart, Helen Gikas, Noelle Ryan, Brian Kurtz
BACKGROUND: A number of factors can lead to adverse events (AEs) in patients taking warfarin. Performing a root cause analysis (RCA) of serious AEs is one systematic way of determining the causes of these events. METHODS: Multidisciplinary teams were formed at Michigan Anticoagulation Quality Improvement Initiative (MAQI(2)) sites with organized anticoagulation management services (AMS). Medical records from patients who suffered serious AEs (major bleed, embolic stroke, venous thromboembolism) were reviewed, and AMS staff were interviewed to determine the root cause using the "5 Whys" technique...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526801/urging-europe-to-put-non-adherence-to-inhaled-respiratory-medication-higher-on-the-policy-agenda-a-report-from-the-first-european-congress-on-adherence-to-therapy
#5
EDITORIAL
Job F M van Boven, Federico Lavorini, P N Richard Dekhuijzen, Francesco Blasi, David B Price, Giovanni Viegi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526091/a-pre-therapeutic-coating-for-medical-devices-that-prevents-the-attachment-of-candida-albicans
#6
Diego Vargas-Blanco, Aung Lynn, Jonah Rosch, Rony Noreldin, Anthony Salerni, Christopher Lambert, Reeta P Rao
BACKGROUND: Hospital acquired fungal infections are defined as "never events"-medical errors that should never have happened. Systemic Candida albicans infections results in 30-50% mortality rates. Typically, adhesion to abiotic medical devices and implants initiates such infections. Efficient adhesion initiates formation of aggressive biofilms that are difficult to treat. Therefore, inhibitors of adhesion are important for drug development and likely to have a broad spectrum efficacy against many fungal pathogens...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525790/quantitative-lc-hrms-determination-of-selected-cardiovascular-drugs-in-dried-blood-spots-as-an-indicator-of-adherence-to-medication
#7
Dennis Bernieh, Graham Lawson, Sangeeta Tanna
Dried blood spot (DBS) sampling was investigated as a means of obtaining micro-volume blood samples for the quantitative analyses of ten commonly UK prescribed cardiovascular drugs as an indicator of medication adherence. An 8mm disc was punched out from each DBS from calibration, quality control and volunteer samples and extracted using methanol containing the internal standard. Each extract was evaporated to dryness, the residue reconstituted in methanol:water (40:60v/v) containing 0.1% formic acid and analysed by LC-HRMS...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523579/primary-care-and-hepatology-provider-perceived-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-hepatitis-c-treatment-candidacy-and-adherence
#8
Shari S Rogal, Rory McCarthy, Andrea Reid, Keri L Rodriguez, Linda Calgaro, Krupa Patel, Molly Daley, Naudia L Jonassaint, Susan L Zickmund
BACKGROUND: Provider perceptions regarding barriers to and facilitators of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment initiation and adherence have not been fully evaluated in the interferon-free treatment era. New treatments have provided opportunities for non-specialists to treat HCV, underscoring the importance of understanding primary care provider (PCP) and specialist perspectives. METHODS: Based on qualitative sampling principles, 12 PCPs and 12 hepatology providers (HPs) from the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System completed audio-recorded semi-structured interviews...
May 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521146/effect-of-continued-cannabis-use-on-medication-adherence-in-the-first-two-years-following-onset-of-psychosis
#9
Tabea Schoeler, Natalia Petros, Marta Di Forti, Ewa Klamerus, Enrico Foglia, Robin Murray, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
Uncertainty exists whether the use of non-prescription psychoactive substances following onset of a first episode of psychosis (FEP), in particular cannabis use, affects medication adherence. Data from FEP patients (N=233) obtained through prospective assessments measured medication adherence and pattern of cannabis and other substance use in the first two years following onset of psychosis. Multiple logistic regression analyses were employed to compare the different substance use groups with regard to risk of medication non-adherence, while controlling for confounders...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520326/-bipressil%C3%A2-first-single-pill-combination-of-bisoprolol-and-perindopril-arginine
#10
REVIEW
O Gach, B Falque, A Canivet, F Krzesinski, J-M Krzesinski, P Lancellotti
In patients suffering from systemic arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, or heart failure, beta-blockers and angiotensin-convertase enzyme inhibitors play a major therapeutic and preventive role. Coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of mortality in industrialized countries. Unless adapted preventive strategy, notably pharmacological interventions, cardiovascular events in these patients remain high. One reason for this relative failure is represented by non-adherence to treatment. A treatment consisting in an association in one pill of several different molecules should confer a higher treatment compliance and thus efficacy...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516236/identification-of-patients-at-risk-of-non-adherence-to-oral-antirheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-using-the-compliance-questionnaire-in-rheumatology-an-arco-sub-study
#11
Carlos Marras, Indalecio Monteagudo, Georgina Salvador, Francisco J de Toro, Alejandro Escudero, Juan J Alegre-Sancho, Enrique Raya, Ana Ortiz, Loreto Carmona, Yvonne Mestre, Luis Cea-Calvo, Jaime Calvo-Alén
The ARCO study (Study on Adherence of Rheumatoid Arthritis patients to SubCutaneous and Oral Drugs), a multicenter, non-interventional retrospective study, was primarily designed to assess the percentage of patients [aged ≥18 years with an established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis] with non-adherence to prescribed subcutaneous biologicals. This paper reports data for the secondary objective from a subset of patients, namely to evaluate non-adherence to prescribed oral antirheumatic drugs in RA patients in Spain using the validated Compliance Questionnaire Rheumatology (CQR)...
May 17, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515231/dual-phenotype-of-mda-mb-468-cancer-cells-reveals-mutual-regulation-of-tensin3-and-adhesion-plasticity
#12
Astrid Veß, Ulrich Blache, Laura Leitner, Angela R M Kurz, Anja Ehrenpfordt, Michael Sixt, Guido Posern
Plasticity between adhesive and less-adhesive states is important for mammalian cell behaviour. To investigate adhesion plasticity, we have selected a stable isogenic subpopulation of MDA-MB-468 breast carcinoma cells which grows in suspension. These suspension cells are unable to re-adhere to various matrices or to contract three-dimensional collagen lattices. By transcriptome analysis, we identified the focal adhesion protein tensin3 (Tns3) as a determinant of adhesion plasticity. Tns3 is strongly reduced on mRNA and protein level in suspension cells...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514243/celiac-disease-symptom-resolution-effectiveness-of-the-gluten-free-diet
#13
Naire Sansotta, Stefano Guandalini, Karine Amirikian, Hilary Jericho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the gluten free diet (GFD) on gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptom resolution and identify predictors for persistence of symptoms in all celiac patients at the University of Chicago. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review from 2002 to 2015. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms included: abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, failure to thrive/weight loss, nausea, reflux and vomiting. Extra-intestinal (EI) symptoms included: abnormal liver enzymes, arthralgia/arthritis, dermatitis herpetiformis, alopecia, fatigue, headache, anemia, stomatitis, myalgia, psychiatric disorders, rashes, seizures, neuropathy, short stature, delayed puberty, osteoporosis, and infertility...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509613/impact-of-a-specialty-pharmacy-case-management-service-on-adherence-in-patients-receiving-oral-antineoplastic-agents
#14
Grant Middendorff, Rachel Elsey, Brian Lounsbery, Roxanne Chadwell
Background Patients receiving treatment with oral antineoplastic agents encounter several barriers to adherence, which may include high medication costs, limited access to specialty medications, severe adverse effects, complex medication regimens, and special handling precautions. Medication nonadherence not only reduces the efficacy of drug therapy but also has the potential to increase healthcare expenditures due to disease-related hospitalizations. Although several previous studies have examined patient adherence to oral antineoplastic agents, few have examined the impact of a specialty pharmacy case management service...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500504/delay-discounting-and-parental-monitoring-in-adolescents-with-poorly-controlled-type-1-diabetes
#15
Amy Hughes Lansing, Catherine Stanger, Rebecca Crochiere, Ann Carracher, Alan Budney
In a sample of adolescents with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes, this study examined if delay discounting, the extent to which individuals prefer immediate over delayed rewards, was associated with severity of non-adherence and poor glycemic control, and if parental monitoring of diabetes management moderated those associations. Sixty-one adolescents (M age = 15.08 years, SD 1.43) with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes completed a delayed discounting task and an HbA1c blood test. Adherence was assessed via self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) data from adolescents' glucometers...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499442/novel-glycolipid-agents-for-killing-cisplatin-resistant-human-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-cells
#16
Amani I Moraya, Jennifer L Ali, Pranati Samadder, Lisa Liang, Ludivine Coudière Morrison, Tamra E Werbowetski-Ogilvie, Makanjuola Ogunsina, Frank Schweizer, Gilbert Arthur, Mark W Nachtigal
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy resistance is one of the major factors contributing to mortality from human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Identifying drugs that can effectively kill chemotherapy-resistant EOC cells would be a major advance in reducing mortality. Glycosylated antitumour ether lipids (GAELs) are synthetic glycolipids that are cytotoxic to a wide range of cancer cells. They appear to induce cancer cell death in an apoptosis-independent manner. METHODS: Herein, the effectiveness of two GAELs, GLN and MO-101, in killing chemotherapy-sensitive and -resistant EOC cells lines and primary cell samples was tested using monolayer, non-adherent aggregate, and non-adherent spheroid cultures...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499392/experimental-tumor-growth-of-canine-osteosarcoma-cell-line-on-chick-embryo-chorioallantoic-membrane-in-vivo-studies
#17
Magdalena Walewska, Izabella Dolka, Anna Małek, Anna Wojtalewicz, Agata Wojtkowska, Artur Żbikowski, Roman Lechowski, Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs
The chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model is extensively used in human medicine in preclinical oncological studies. The CAM model has several advantages: low cost, simple experimental approach, time saving and following "3R principles". Research has shown that the human osteosarcoma cell lines U2OS, MMNG-HOS, and SAOS can form tumors on the CAM. In veterinary medicine, this has been described only for feline fibrosarcomas, feline mammary carcinomas and canine osteosarcomas. However, in case of canine osteosarcomas, it has been shown that only non-adherent osteosarcoma stem cells isolated from KTOSA5 and CSKOS cell lines have the ability to form microtumors on the CAM after an incubation period of 5 days, in contrast to adherent KTOSA5 and CSKOS cells...
May 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498012/unmet-expectations-of-medications-and-care-providers-among-patients-with-heart-failure-assessed-to-be-poorly-adherent-results-from-the-chronic-heart-failure-intervention-to-improve-medication-adherence-chime-study
#18
Inger Ekman, Axel Wolf, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Hayden B Bosworth, Bradi B Granger
BACKGROUND: Ineffective medication management contributes to repeated hospitalisation and death among patients with heart failure. The meaning ascribed to medications and the influence of meaning on how patients manage medications is unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning and expectations associated with medication use in high-risk, non-adherent patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients ( n=265) with heart failure were screened for adherence to prescribed medication using the Morisky medication adherence scale (MMAS)...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496344/adherence-to-disease-modifying-therapies-and-its-impact-on-relapse-health-resource-utilization-and-costs-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Jack Burks, Thomas S Marshall, Xiaolan Ye
PURPOSE: To evaluate adherence to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) initiating oral and injectable DMTs, and to estimate the impact of adherence on relapse, health resource utilization, and medical costs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Commercially insured MS patients (aged 18-65 years, two or more MS diagnoses, one or more DMT claims) with continuous eligibility 12 months before and after the first DMT claim date (index date) and no DMT claim during the pre-index period were identified from a large commerical claims database for the period from January 1, 2008, to September 30, 2015...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495392/elderly-polypharmacy-patients-needs-and-concerns-regarding-medication-assessed-using-the-structured-patient-pharmacist-consultation-model
#20
Sandra Vezmar Kovačević, Branislava Miljković, Katarina Vučićević, Milica Ćulafić, Milena Kovačević, Bojana Golubović, Marija Jovanović, Johan J de Gier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate elderly polypharmacy patients' needs and concerns regarding medication through the Structured Patient-Pharmacist Consultation (SPPC). METHODS: Older patients on chronic treatment with ≥5 medications were asked to fill in the SPPC form at home. A consultation with the community pharmacist, structured according to patient's answers, followed within 2-4 weeks. Logistic regression associated patients' individual treatment with care issues and consultation outcomes...
May 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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