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Pharmacy interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625935/evaluation-of-prescription-along-three-health-care-periods-in-the-elderly
#1
Fannie Santoni, Valéry Antoine, Alberto di Castri, Maurice Viala, Laetitia Geronimi-Robelin, Cédric LeGuillou, Christine de Taddeo, Sophie Bastide, Claude Jeandel, Benoit de Wazieres
Polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate prescriptions and inadequate coordination between prescribers are among main factors explaining the occurrence of adverse drug events in elderly patients. Prospective and descriptive study of medication prescriptions for elderly patients during a continuous period of health-care: entry in an acute geriatric unit (T1), at discharge (T2) and two months after hospitalization (T3). A global iatrogenic risk was defined: presence of poly-pharmacy and/or PPI (Laroche criteria) and/or absence of quality indicators for prescription according to the French health authority...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622739/impact-of-a-collaborative-strategy-to-reduce-the-inappropriate-use-of-acid-suppressive-therapy-in-non-intensive-care-unit-patients
#2
Kristen D Belfield, Arpi G Kuyumjian, Rafael Teran, Mariette Amadi, Melissa Blatt, Keri Bicking
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is inappropriately prescribed in more than 30% of non-intensive care unit (ICU) patients, leading to unnecessary adverse events as well as increases in economic burden. OBJECTIVE: There was an increasing trend in the prophylactic use of acid suppressive therapy (AST) in non-critically ill patients at our institution, which prompted this initiative aimed at reducing the inappropriate use of AST in non-ICU patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional study that consisted of formulation of a guideline, education to the hospitalist service, and intervention by clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622401/impact-of-a-pharmacist-conducted-educational-program-on-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-rates-in-a-low-socioeconomic-population-in-the-city-of-lares-pr
#3
Edda Marie Jiménez-Quiñones, Kyle Melin, Francisco Javier Jiménez-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: To observe whether local vaccination rates are improved by a patient and physician education program on the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in Farmacia San José, Lares. According to the Puerto Rico Immunization Registry, the HPV vaccine is currently underutilized. METHODS: Patients within the ages of 18 and 26 years who are current patients of Farmacia San José were contacted by phone and approached in person at the pharmacy. Once contacted, patients were provided with educational materials and counseling regarding the risks and benefits of HPV vaccination...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617022/reducing-hospital-readmission-through-team-based-primary-care-a-7-week-pilot-study-integrating-behavioral-health-and-pharmacy
#4
Lauren N DeCaporale-Ryan, Nabila Ahmed-Sarwar, Robbyn Upham, Karen Mahler, Katie Lashway
INTRODUCTION: A team-based service delivery model was applied to provide patients with biopsychosocial care following hospital discharge to reduce hospital readmission. Most previous interventions focused on transitions of care occurred in the inpatient setting with attention to predischarge strategies. These interventions have not considered psychosocial stressors, and few have explored management in primary care settings. METHOD: A 7-week team-based service delivery model was implemented in a family medicine practice emphasizing a biopsychosocial approach...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616707/customer-characteristics-and-shopping-patterns-associated-with-healthy-and-unhealthy-purchases-at-small-and-non-traditional-food-stores
#5
Kathleen M Lenk, Caitlin E Caspi, Lisa Harnack, Melissa N Laska
Small and non-traditional food stores (e.g., corner stores) are often the most accessible source of food for residents of lower income urban neighborhoods in the U.S. Although healthy options are often limited at these stores, little is known about customers who purchase healthy, versus less healthy, foods/beverages in these venues. We conducted 661 customer intercept interviews at 105 stores (corner stores, gas marts, pharmacies, dollar stores) in Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota, assessing all food and beverage items purchased...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615021/general-perception-and-self-practice-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-of-bangladesh
#6
Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Md Omar Reza Seam, Md Mainul Islam, Abhijit Das, Sayed Koushik Ahamed, Palash Karmakar, Md Fokhrul Islam, Sukalyan Kumar Kundu
BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is a combination of herbal medicine, traditional therapies, and mind-body intervention. This descriptive study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, perception and self-use of CAM among Bangladeshi undergraduate pharmacy students. The study also evaluated their opinions about its integration into the pharmacy course curriculum. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study conducted on 250 pharmacy students of five reputed public universities of Bangladesh...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614404/treatment-continuation-of-four-long-acting-antipsychotic-medications-in-the-netherlands-and-belgium-a-retrospective-database-study
#7
Flore Decuypere, Jan Sermon, Paul Geerts, Tom R Denee, Cedric De Vos, Bart Malfait, Mark Lamotte, Cornelis L Mulder
Achieving greater continuation of treatment is a key element to improve treatment outcomes in schizophrenia patients. However, reported treatment continuation can differ markedly depending on the study design. In a retrospective setting, treatment continuation remains overall poor among patients using antipsychotics. This study aimed to document the difference in treatment continuation between four long-acting injectable antipsychotics based on the QuintilesIMS LRx databases, national, longitudinal, panel based prescription databases of retail pharmacies, in the Netherlands and Belgium...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612407/pre-registration-interprofessional-clinical-education-in-the-workplace-a-realist-review
#8
Fiona Kent, Jacinta Hayes, Sharon Glass, Charlotte E Rees
CONTEXT: The inclusion of interprofessional education opportunities in clinical placements for pre-registration learners has recently been proposed as a strategy to enhance graduates' skills in collaborative practice. OBJECTIVES: A realist review was undertaken to ascertain the contexts, mechanisms and outcomes of formal interprofessional clinical workplace learning. METHODS: Initial scoping was carried out, after which Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE were searched from 2005 to April 2016 to identify formal interprofessional workplace educational interventions involving pre-registration learners...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605276/substance-use-education-in-united-states-schools-of-pharmacy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Andrew J Muzyk, Emily Peedin, Juliana Lipetzky, Hailey Parker, Mark P McEachern, Kelan Thomas
The authors sought to systematically review the quantity and quality of literature describing substance use disorder (SUD) education in United States (U.S.) schools of pharmacy and determine the effectiveness of the educational interventions employed.  Methods: The authors conducted a systematic review of SUD education studies in U.S. pharmacy schools. All literature database searches were performed on April 30, 2016 in five databases: Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase...
June 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605256/adolescent-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-in-the-united-states-opportunities-for-integrating-pharmacies-into-the-immunization-neighborhood
#10
Joseph P Fava, Jacob Colleran, Francesca Bignasci, Raymond Cha, Paul E Kilgore
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination faces several barriers, including a social stigma which carries religious and philosophical implications among parents of adolescents as well as young adults. Hundreds of immunization interventions and programs have been developed to address these factors and boost HPV vaccination rates in the United States. We sought to review the existing literature highlighting barriers to HPV immunization, as well as programs targeting increased HPV vaccine uptake in effort to develop novel vaccination initiatives...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602277/development-and-validation-of-an-asthma-first-aid-knowledge-questionnaire
#11
Kate Luckie, Tsz Chun Pang, Vicky Kritikos, Bandana Saini, Rebekah Jane Moles
BACKGROUND: There is no gold standard outcome assessment for asthma first-aid knowledge. We therefore aimed to develop and validate an asthma first-aid knowledge questionnaire (AFAKQ) to be used before and after educational interventions. METHODS: The AFAKQ was developed based on a content analysis of existing asthma knowledge questionnaires and current asthma management guidelines. Content and face validity was performed by a review panel consisting of expert respiratory physicians, researchers and parents of school aged children...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600197/dissemination-and-implementation-sciences-in-pharmacy-a-call-to-action-for-professional-organizations
#12
Terry L Seaton
There is a substantial gap between the generation of new knowledge and its widespread incorporation into routine clinical practice, including the medication use process. Principles of dissemination and implementation sciences, if fully embraced by clinicians and researchers, have the potential of improving healthcare effectiveness, efficiency, quality, and safety. This commentary is a call to action for member-driven professional organizations in pharmacy to serve their members and the profession by proactively and strategically leading efforts to develop pharmacist's abilities to incorporate principles of dissemination and implementation sciences into their practice...
June 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599601/effect-of-pharmacy-supported-transition-of-care-interventions-on-30-day-readmissions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Claire R Rodrigues, Amanda R Harrington, Nicole Murdock, John T Holmes, Eliza Z Borzadek, Kristin Calabro, Jennifer Martin, Marion K Slack
OBJECTIVE: To describe pharmacy-supported transition-of-care (TOC) interventions and determine their effect on 30-day all-cause readmissions. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, ABI Inform Complete, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Academic Search Complete, CINHAL, Cochrane library, OIASTER, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, ClinicalTrials.gov , and relevant websites were searched from January 1, 1995, to December 31, 2015. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: PICOS+E criteria were utilized...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597176/self-management-research-of-asthma-and-good-drug-use-smaragd-study-a-pilot-trial
#14
Esther Kuipers, Michel Wensing, Peter de Smet, Martina Teichert
Background Community pharmacists play an important role in supporting patients for optimal drug use. Objective To assess the effectiveness of monitoring in asthma patients with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on disease control. Setting Asthma patients using ICS were invited from two intervention (IG) and two control pharmacies (CG). Method Participating patients completed questionnaires at the study start and at 6-month follow-up, including the Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595895/understanding-the-dissemination-of-appointment-based-synchronization-models-using-the-cfir-framework
#15
Julie Patterson, David Holdford
BACKGROUND: The appointment based model (ABM) is a innovative model of pharmacy practice that combines medication synchronization with scheduled monthly appointments to improve patient medication adherence and convenience. It is being implemented in many pharmacies across the United States. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to use the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to discuss the barriers and facilitators of ABM implementation in community pharmacies while identifying priorities for additional implementation research...
June 1, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592246/using-a-programmatic-mapping-approach-to-plan-for-hiv-prevention-and-harm-reduction-interventions-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-three-south-african-cities
#16
Andrew Scheibe, Shaun Shelly, Andrew Lambert, Andrea Schneider, Rudolf Basson, Nelson Medeiros, Kalvanya Padayachee, Helen Savva, Harry Hausler
BACKGROUND: Stigma, criminalisation and a lack of data on drug use contribute to the "invisibility" of people who inject drugs (PWID) and make HIV prevention and treatment service delivery challenging. We aimed to confirm locations where PWID congregate in Cape Town, eThekwini and Tshwane (South Africa) and to estimate PWID population sizes within selected electoral wards in these areas to inform South Africa's first multi-site HIV prevention project for PWID. METHODS: Field workers (including PWID peers) interviewed community informants to identify suspected injecting locations in selected electoral wards in each city and then visited these locations and interviewed PWID...
June 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587644/current-and-future-perspectives-on-the-management-of-polypharmacy
#17
Mariam Molokhia, Azeem Majeed
BACKGROUND: Because of ageing populations, the growth in the number of people with multi-morbidity and greater compliance with disease-specific guidelines, polypharmacy is becoming increasingly common. Although the correct drug treatment in patients with complex medical problems can improve clinical outcomes, quality of life and life expectancy, polypharmacy is also associated with an increased risk of adverse drug events, some severe enough to result in hospital admission and even death...
June 6, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583302/implementation-of-a-mental-health-medication-management-intervention-in-australian-community-pharmacies-facilitators-and-challenges
#18
H Laetitia Hattingh, Fiona Kelly, Jane Fowler, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in an ideal position to promote and provide mental health medication management services. However, formalised or structured pharmacy services to support consumers with mental health conditions are scarce. Australian mental health consumers indicated a need for targeted community pharmacy mental health services which presented an opportunity to develop an intervention that were integrated with remunerated professional services. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to pilot a mental health medication management intervention in Australian community pharmacies...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583301/the-toronto-thromboprophylaxis-patient-safety-initiative-topps-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#19
Artemis Diamantouros, Alex Kiss, Tina Papastavros, David U, Merrick Zwarenstein, William H Geerts
BACKGROUND: Although venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common and most preventable complications of hospital stay, review of the literature demonstrates large evidence-care gaps for VTE prevention. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if a multi-component quality improvement (QI) strategy, including the support of hospital leadership, use of order sets, audit and feedback, and active pharmacy involvement, could increase the use of appropriate thromboprophylaxis in patients hospitalized for hip fracture surgery (HFS), major general surgery (MGS) and acute medical illness (MED)...
May 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578145/contraceptive-prescriptions-for-u-s-servicewomen-2008-2013
#20
Catherine T Witkop, Bryant J Webber, Kasi M Chu, Leslie L Clark
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion and characteristics of US servicewomen who were prescribed contraception between 2008 and 2013 and to estimate the prevalence of contraceptive utilization among women who deployed during the surveillance period. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive study of all servicewomen of child-bearing potential serving in the active component of the US armed forces at any time between 2008 and 2013. We estimated contraceptive utilization status using pharmacy, procedural, and diagnostic codes as recorded in the Defense Medical Surveillance System and Pharmacy Data Transaction Service...
May 31, 2017: Contraception
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