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Pharmacy interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233412/forecasting-academic-success-through-implementation-of-an-online-prerequisite-review-tutorials-program-for-first-year-pharmacy-students
#1
Brendan D Stamper, Amber V Buhler, John P Harrelson, Sigrid C Roberts, Ashim Malhotra, Fawzy A Elbarbry, Deepa Rao, Reza Karimi, R Brigg Turner, Catherine Marlow, Leslie L Devaud
OBJECTIVE: Online prerequisite review (OPR) tutorials were designed and implemented to reinforce foundational scientific material in order to protect in-class time, foster self-directed learning, and ensure all students have similar baseline knowledge. METHODS: Twenty-one tutorials covering undergraduate prerequisite material were developed by faculty and organized into six core modules, comprising basic biology, chemistry, and physiology topics. A quiz on this material was given on the first day of each course...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233397/assessment-of-student-pharmacists-ethical-decision-making
#2
Jaclyn R Myers, Mary E Kiersma, Kimberly S Plake
INTRODUCTION: In previous research, investigators have expressed concern about the ethical ambivalence of pharmacists in decision-making. The objectives of this study were to examine student pharmacists': 1) attitudes and responses regarding specific common ethical situations and 2) perceived level of difficulty in making ethical decisions. METHODS: A self-administered 38-item survey was given to second and third year student pharmacists at Purdue University. The survey comprised five sections, including: 1) attitudes towards common ethical situations, 2) responses to specific ethical scenarios, 3) emergency lending, 4) perceived level of difficulty in resolving ethical dilemmas, and 5) demographics...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233323/evaluation-of-two-different-poverty-simulations-with-professional-phase-pharmacy-students
#3
Carriann Smith, Priscilla Ryder, Meghan Blais, Ryan Schneck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students will interact with patients who struggle to receive the health care they need. Since attitudes can influence behavior, exposure to these struggles may positively improve patient care. This study evaluates a group of student responses to two different interventions approximately 9 months apart. The primary objectives of this study were to: (1) identify if SPENT, an online game, could alone improve students' attitudes towards those living in poverty, (2) determine if changes imparted by SPENT were retained for nine months, and (3) identify if CAPS, a live simulation, has an additional benefit...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233305/motivational-interviewing-education-creation-and-assessment-of-a-learning-module-implemented-among-advanced-pharmacy-practice-students
#4
Lydia Bailey, Russell Curington, Bethanne Brown, Michael Hegener, Mike Espel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective nonrandomized study (quasi-experimental), pre-/post-intervention design was to implement and assess a formal orientation training program for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) students focusing on skills related to motivational interviewing (MI). EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students were assessed on their knowledge, perceived ability, and perceived need to incorporate MI in practice using a pre-/posttest...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233285/assessment-of-clinical-and-educational-interventions-that-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-appe-students-contributed-to-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#5
Tatum Mead, Derek Pilla
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The literature firmly establishes that clinical interventions made by pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) rotations contribute significantly to cost-savings realized by the hosting practice sites. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) specifies the experiential curricula include opportunities for students to learn about, from, and with other members of the healthcare team through interprofessional education activities...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233149/advances-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-germany-a-quasi-experimental-single-blinded-study-to-evaluate-a-patient-centred-clinical-pharmacy-course-in-psychiatry
#6
Monika Dircks, Andreas Mayr, Annette Freidank, Johannes Kornhuber, Frank Dörje, Kristina Friedland
BACKGROUND: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. METHODS: A clinical pharmacy course on a psychiatric ward was developed and implemented for small student groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224636/effects-of-pharmacy-based-interventions-on-the-control-and-management-of-diabetes-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Mohsen Yaghoubi, Kerry Mansell, Hassanali Vatanparastc, Megan Steeves, Wu Zeng, Marwa Farag
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of pharmacy-based interventions on clinical outcomes associated with diabetes-related complications as well as on nonclinical outcomes in people with diabetes. METHODS: We searched 4 main databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) for studies that considered clinical and nonclinical outcomes of pharmacy-based interventions among people with diabetes...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223433/contemporary-rates-and-correlates-of-statin-use-and-adherence-in-nondiabetic-adults-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-the-kp-champ-study
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Alan S Go, Dongjie Fan, Sue Hee Sung, Alda I Inveiss, Victoria Romo-LeTourneau, Usha G Mallya, Susan Boklage, Joan C Lo
BACKGROUND: Statin therapy is highly efficacious in the prevention of fatal and nonfatal atherosclerotic events in persons at increased cardiovascular risk. However, its long-term effectiveness in practice depends on a high level of medication adherence by patients. METHODS: We identified nondiabetic adults with cardiovascular risk factors between 2008 and 2010 within a large integrated health care delivery system in Northern California. Through 2013, we examined the use and adherence of newly initiated statin therapy based on data from dispensed prescriptions from outpatient pharmacy databases...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222733/frail-older-people-with-multi-morbidities-in-primary-care-a-new-integrated-care-clinical-pharmacy-service
#9
Lelly Oboh, Catherine Leon, Sulman Qadir, Felicity Smith, Sally-Anne Francis
Background Older people confined to their own homes due to frailty, multiple longterm conditions and/or complex needs, are known to be at risk of medicines-related problems. Whilst a health and social care team approach to supporting these patients is advocated, there is limited evidence regarding how pharmacists can best contribute. Objective To describe a new specialist pharmacy service (called the integrated care clinical pharmacist) in terms of how it works, what it achieves and its policy implications...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217315/predictors-of-effective-therapeutic-relationships-between-pharmacists-and-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-comparison-between-arabic-speaking-and-caucasian-english-speaking-patients
#10
H Alzubaidi, K Mc Namara, V L Versace
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pharmacist-led interventions in achieving desired patient outcomes have been well established. Effective patient-pharmacist relationships are required to provide high-quality pharmacy care. Limited information is available about how Arabic-speaking migrants with diabetes, in Australia, perceive patient-pharmacist relationship and how these perspectives differ from the mainstream society (represented by Caucasian English-speaking people). OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the patient-pharmacist relationship, medication underuse and adherence levels among Arabic-speaking and Caucasian English-speaking patients with type 2 diabetes...
November 23, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217142/pharmacist-led-depression-screening-and-intervention-in-an-underserved-rural-and-multiethnic-diabetic-population
#11
Charlotte Wilson, Geoffrey Twigg
OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of implementation and integration of community pharmacist-led depression screening for patients with diabetes in an underserved rural area and to assess the response rate of prescribers to pharmacist-led depression screening and treatment recommendation. SETTING: Independent community pharmacy-run diabetes education center. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Clinical community pharmacy site on Maryland's Eastern Shore...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210891/debriefing-to-improve-student-ability-to-assess-and-plan-for-the-care-of-persons-with-disability
#12
Mikiko Y Takeda, Mark J Smith, Catherine J Cone
INTRODUCTION: Although recent literature suggests that students should be trained in the care of persons with disability (PWDs) as a form of cultural sensitivity (CS), healthcare professionals may receive limited experience during their formal training. After pharmacy students in 2 previous years of testing failed to adequately assess and plan for the care of a standardized patient's chief complaint and disability in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), the investigators added debriefing to the OSCE to determine if it would improve student's ability to assess and plan for the care of PWD...
November 28, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209863/patient-reported-common-symptoms-as-an-assessment-of-interventions-in-medication-reviews-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Tim W A Schoenmakers, Michel Wensing, Peter A G M De Smet, Martina Teichert
Background A 'Patient-Reported Outcome Measure, Inquiry into Side Effects' (PROMISE) instrument was developed for patients to report common symptoms in clinical medication reviews. Objective To determine changes in patient-reported drug-associated symptoms collected by PROMISE before and after community pharmacist-led clinical medication reviews compared with usual care. Setting Community pharmacies in the Netherlands. Methods Patients were randomised into an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG)...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201420/knowledge-acceptance-and-utilisation-of-the-female-condom-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ghana
#14
Mark Kwame Ananga, Nuworza Kugbey, Jemima Misornu Akporlu, Kwaku Oppong Asante
Background: The female condom (FC) is the only safe and effective female-initiated method that provides simultaneous protection against unintended pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS. Knowledge of FC use among women and the perceptions and attitudes towards condom use can contribute to its uptake as an important public health strategy for HIV prevention in Ghana. However, there is a dearth of empirical evidence in this area of public health research to inform interventions...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201385/identifying-the-hidden-burden-of-allergic-rhinitis-ar-in-community-pharmacy-a-global-phenomenon
#15
Rachel Tan, Biljana Cvetkovski, Vicky Kritikos, David Price, Kwok Yan, Pete Smith, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
Background: Patients with allergic rhinitis often trivialise their condition, self-manage inappropriately, and would benefit from health care intervention. The primary point of health care contact for these self-managing allergic rhinitis patients is the community pharmacy. With the majority of allergic rhinitis treatments being available for purchase over the counter, without health care professional contact, we know little about how the patients self-manage. This study aims to identify the burden of allergic rhinitis in the community pharmacy and to identify key opportunity for intervention...
2017: Asthma Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200882/early-intervention-in-the-management-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-clinical-and-economic-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Charles D Burger, Mohamedanwar Ghandour, Divya Padmanabhan Menon, Haytham Helmi, Raymond L Benza
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has a high morbidity rate and is fatal if left untreated. Increasing evidence supports early intervention, possibly with initial combination therapy. PAH-specific pharmaceuticals, however, are expensive and may have serious adverse effects, particularly when used in combination. The currently dynamic health care economy reinforces the need for a review of early intervention from both outcomes and economic perspectives. We aimed to review the clinical and economic impact of PAH therapy, particularly examining drug cost, hospitalization burden, and health care economics impact, and the effect of early intervention on clinical outcomes...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193546/relationship-between-high-risk-patients-receiving-prescription-opioids-and-high-volume-opioid-prescribers
#17
Hsien-Yen Chang, Irene B Murimi, Christopher M Jones, G Caleb Alexander
AIMS: (1) To characterize the amount of prescription opioids prescribed for high-risk patients by low-volume prescribers; (2) to quantify how high- and low-volume prescribers differ systematically in their prescribing patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using 2015 longitudinal, all-payer QuintilesIMS pharmacy claims. We conducted an aggregated analysis for the first aim and an individual-level analysis for the second aim. SETTING: California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, and Washington, USA...
November 29, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190748/low-hepatitis-c-antibody-screening-rates-among-an-insured-population-of-tennessean-baby-boomers
#18
James G Carlucci, Syeda A Farooq, Lindsey Sizemore, Michael Rickles, Brandon Cosley, Leigh McCormack, Carolyn Wester
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is common and can cause liver disease and death. Persons born from 1945 through 1965 ("Baby Boomers") have relatively high prevalence of chronic HCV infection, prompting recommendations that all Baby Boomers be screened for HCV. If chronic HCV is confirmed, evaluation for antiviral treatment should be performed. Direct-acting antivirals can cure more than 90% of people with chronic HCV. This sequence of services can be referred to as the HCV "cascade of cure" (CoC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188412/drug-related-problems-identified-during-geriatric-medication-review-in-the-community-pharmacy
#19
Mounir Rhalimi, Alain Rauss, Eric Housieaux
Background In line with the changing role of community pharmacists, we describe here a standardised procedure for detecting DRPs in elderly patients for use in community pharmacies. Objectives The primary aim was to describe the number and type of DRPs identified by community pharmacists in elderly patients. Secondary aims were to determine the number and type of associated pharmacist interventions (PIs) that were transmitted to the prescribers, and to identify risk factors associated with the occurrence of a PI...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186177/intensive-care-syndrome-promoting-independence-and-return-to-employment-ins-pire-early-evaluation-of-a-complex-intervention
#20
Joanne McPeake, Martin Shaw, Theodore J Iwashyna, Malcolm Daniel, Helen Devine, Lyndsey Jarvie, John Kinsella, Pamela MacTavish, Tara Quasim
BACKGROUND: Many patients suffer significant physical, social and psychological problems in the months and years following critical care discharge. At present, there is minimal evidence of any effective interventions to support this patient group following hospital discharge. The aim of this project was to understand the impact of a complex intervention for ICU survivors. METHODS: Quality improvement project conducted between September 2014 and June 2016, enrolling 49 selected patients from one ICU in Scotland...
2017: PloS One
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