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R. Kuhn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348644/global-priorities-for-conserving-the-evolutionary-history-of-sharks-rays-and-chimaeras
#1
R William Stein, Christopher G Mull, Tyler S Kuhn, Neil C Aschliman, Lindsay N K Davidson, Jeffrey B Joy, Gordon J Smith, Nicholas K Dulvy, Arne O Mooers
In an era of accelerated biodiversity loss and limited conservation resources, systematic prioritization of species and places is essential. In terrestrial vertebrates, evolutionary distinctness has been used to identify species and locations that embody the greatest share of evolutionary history. We estimate evolutionary distinctness for a large marine vertebrate radiation on a dated taxon-complete tree for all 1,192 chondrichthyan fishes (sharks, rays and chimaeras) by augmenting a new 610-species molecular phylogeny using taxonomic constraints...
January 18, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341898/induction-of-alpha-synuclein-pathology-in-the-enteric-nervous-system-of-the-rat-and-non-human-primate-results-in-gastrointestinal-dysmotility-and-transient-cns-pathology
#2
Fredric P Manfredsson, Kelvin C Luk, Matthew J Benskey, Aysegul Guezer, Joanna Garcia, Nathan C Kuhn, Ivette M Sandoval, Joseph R Patterson, Alana O'Mara, Reid Yonkers, Jeffrey H Kordower
Alpha-Synuclein (α-syn) is by far the most highly vetted pathogenic and therapeutic target in Parkinson's disease. Aggregated α-syn is present in sporadic Parkinson's disease, both in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS). The enteric division of the PNS is of particular interest because 1) gastric dysfunction is a key clinical manifestation of Parkinson's disease, and 2) Lewy pathology in myenteric and submucosal neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS) has been referred to as stage zero in the Braak pathological staging of Parkinson's disease...
January 13, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339476/coding-of-episodic-memory-in-the-human-hippocampus
#3
John T Wixted, Stephen D Goldinger, Larry R Squire, Joel R Kuhn, Megan H Papesh, Kris A Smith, David M Treiman, Peter N Steinmetz
Neurocomputational models have long posited that episodic memories in the human hippocampus are represented by sparse, stimulus-specific neural codes. A concomitant proposal is that when sparse-distributed neural assemblies become active, they suppress the activity of competing neurons (neural sharpening). We investigated episodic memory coding in the hippocampus and amygdala by measuring single-neuron responses from 20 epilepsy patients (12 female) undergoing intracranial monitoring while they completed a continuous recognition memory task...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328004/thoracolumbar-injury-classification-and-severity-score-in-children-a-reliability-study
#4
Ross L Dawkins, Joseph H Miller, Omar I Ramadan, Michael C Lysek, Elizabeth N Kuhn, Brandon G Rocque, Michael J Conklin, R Shane Tubbs, Beverly C Walters, Bonita S Agee, Curtis J Rozzelle
OBJECTIVE There are many classification systems for injuries of the thoracolumbar spine. The recent Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) has been shown to be a reliable tool for adult patients. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the TLICS system in pediatric patients. The validity of the TLICS system is assessed in a companion paper. METHODS The medical records of pediatric patients with acute, traumatic thoracolumbar fractures at a single Level 1 trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304471/the-zika-virus-envelope-protein-glycan-loop-regulates-virion-antigenicity
#5
Leslie Goo, Christina R DeMaso, Rebecca S Pelc, Julie E Ledgerwood, Barney S Graham, Richard J Kuhn, Theodore C Pierson
Because antibodies are an important component of flavivirus immunity, understanding the antigenic structure of flaviviruses is critical. Compared to dengue virus (DENV), the loop containing the single N-linked glycosylation site on Zika virus (ZIKV) envelope (E) proteins extends further towards the DII fusion loop (DII-FL) on neighboring E proteins within E dimers on mature viruses. Although ZIKV is poorly neutralized by DII-FL antibodies, we demonstrated significantly increased neutralization sensitivity of ZIKV particles incorporating the DENV glycan loop...
January 2, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301832/pharmacological-inhibition-of-nos-activates-ask1-jnk-pathway-augmenting-docetaxel-mediated-apoptosis-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#6
Daniel Dávila-González, Dong Soon Choi, Roberto R Rosato, Sergio Granados-Principal, John G Kuhn, Wen-Feng Li, Wei Qian, Wen Chen, Anthony J Kozielski, Helen H Wong, Bhuvanesh Dave, Jenny C Chang
PURPOSE: Chemoresistance in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with the activation of a survival mechanism orchestrated by the endoplasmic reticulum (EnR) stress response and by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Our aim was to determine the effects of pharmacological NOS-inhibition on TNBC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: TNBC cell lines, SUM-159PT, MDA-MB-436, and MDA-MB-468, were treated with docetaxel and NOS-inibitor (L-NMMA) for 24, 48 and 72 hours...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289426/corrigendum-to-resting-state-fmri-correlations-from-link-wise-unreliability-to-whole-brain-stability-neuroimage-157-2017-aug-15-250-262
#7
M Pannunzi, R Hindriks, R G Bettinardi, E Wenger, N Lisofsky, J Martensson, O Butler, E Filevich, M Becker, M Lochstet, Ulman Lindenberger, S Kühn, G Deco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286736/j-%C3%AF-elliptic-flow-in-pb-pb-collisions-at-sqrt-s_-nn-5-02%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev
#8
S Acharya, D Adamová, J Adolfsson, M M Aggarwal, G Aglieri Rinella, M Agnello, N Agrawal, Z Ahammed, S U Ahn, S Aiola, A Akindinov, M Al-Turany, S N Alam, D S D Albuquerque, D Aleksandrov, B Alessandro, R Alfaro Molina, Y Ali, A Alici, A Alkin, J Alme, T Alt, L Altenkamper, I Altsybeev, C Alves Garcia Prado, C Andrei, D Andreou, H A Andrews, A Andronic, V Anguelov, C Anson, T Antičić, F Antinori, P Antonioli, R Anwar, L Aphecetche, H Appelshäuser, S Arcelli, R Arnaldi, O W Arnold, I C Arsene, M Arslandok, B Audurier, A Augustinus, R Averbeck, M D Azmi, A Badalà, Y W Baek, S Bagnasco, R Bailhache, R Bala, A Baldisseri, M Ball, R C Baral, A M Barbano, R Barbera, F Barile, L Barioglio, G G Barnaföldi, L S Barnby, V Barret, P Bartalini, K Barth, E Bartsch, N Bastid, S Basu, G Batigne, B Batyunya, P C Batzing, J L Bazo Alba, I G Bearden, H Beck, C Bedda, N K Behera, I Belikov, F Bellini, H Bello Martinez, R Bellwied, L G E Beltran, V Belyaev, G Bencedi, S Beole, A Bercuci, Y Berdnikov, D Berenyi, R A Bertens, D Berzano, L Betev, A Bhasin, I R Bhat, B Bhattacharjee, J Bhom, A Bianchi, L Bianchi, N Bianchi, C Bianchin, J Bielčík, J Bielčíková, A Bilandzic, G Biro, R Biswas, S Biswas, J T Blair, D Blau, C Blume, G Boca, F Bock, A Bogdanov, L Boldizsár, M Bombara, G Bonomi, M Bonora, J Book, H Borel, A Borissov, M Borri, E Botta, C Bourjau, L Bratrud, P Braun-Munzinger, M Bregant, T A Broker, M Broz, E J Brucken, E Bruna, G E Bruno, D Budnikov, H Buesching, S Bufalino, P Buhler, P Buncic, O Busch, Z Buthelezi, J B Butt, J T Buxton, J Cabala, D Caffarri, H Caines, A Caliva, E Calvo Villar, P Camerini, A A Capon, F Carena, W Carena, F Carnesecchi, J Castillo Castellanos, A J Castro, E A R Casula, C Ceballos Sanchez, S Chandra, B Chang, W Chang, S Chapeland, M Chartier, S Chattopadhyay, S Chattopadhyay, A Chauvin, C Cheshkov, B Cheynis, V Chibante Barroso, D D Chinellato, S Cho, P Chochula, M Chojnacki, S Choudhury, T Chowdhury, P Christakoglou, C H Christensen, P Christiansen, T Chujo, S U Chung, C Cicalo, L Cifarelli, F Cindolo, J Cleymans, F Colamaria, D Colella, A Collu, M Colocci, M Concas, G Conesa Balbastre, Z Conesa Del Valle, J G Contreras, T M Cormier, Y Corrales Morales, I Cortés Maldonado, P Cortese, M R Cosentino, F Costa, S Costanza, J Crkovská, P Crochet, E Cuautle, L Cunqueiro, T Dahms, A Dainese, M C Danisch, A Danu, D Das, I Das, S Das, A Dash, S Dash, S De, A De Caro, G de Cataldo, C de Conti, J de Cuveland, A De Falco, D De Gruttola, N De Marco, S De Pasquale, R D De Souza, H F Degenhardt, A Deisting, A Deloff, C Deplano, P Dhankher, D Di Bari, A Di Mauro, P Di Nezza, B Di Ruzza, M A Diaz Corchero, T Dietel, P Dillenseger, Y Ding, R Divià, Ø Djuvsland, A Dobrin, D Domenicis Gimenez, B Dönigus, O Dordic, L V R Doremalen, A K Dubey, A Dubla, L Ducroux, S Dudi, A K Duggal, M Dukhishyam, P Dupieux, R J Ehlers, D Elia, E Endress, H Engel, E Epple, B Erazmus, F Erhardt, B Espagnon, G Eulisse, J Eum, D Evans, S Evdokimov, L Fabbietti, J Faivre, A Fantoni, M Fasel, L Feldkamp, A Feliciello, G Feofilov, A Fernández Téllez, E G Ferreiro, A Ferretti, A Festanti, V J G Feuillard, J Figiel, M A S Figueredo, S Filchagin, D Finogeev, F M Fionda, M Floris, S Foertsch, P Foka, S Fokin, E Fragiacomo, A Francescon, A Francisco, U Frankenfeld, G G Fronze, U Fuchs, C Furget, A Furs, M Fusco Girard, J J Gaardhøje, M Gagliardi, A M Gago, K Gajdosova, M Gallio, C D Galvan, P Ganoti, C Garabatos, E Garcia-Solis, K Garg, C Gargiulo, P Gasik, E F Gauger, M B Gay Ducati, M Germain, J Ghosh, P Ghosh, S K Ghosh, P Gianotti, P Giubellino, P Giubilato, E Gladysz-Dziadus, P Glässel, D M Goméz Coral, A Gomez Ramirez, A S Gonzalez, V Gonzalez, P González-Zamora, S Gorbunov, L Görlich, S Gotovac, V Grabski, L K Graczykowski, K L Graham, L Greiner, A Grelli, C Grigoras, V Grigoriev, A Grigoryan, S Grigoryan, J M Gronefeld, F Grosa, J F Grosse-Oetringhaus, R Grosso, F Guber, R Guernane, B Guerzoni, K Gulbrandsen, T Gunji, A Gupta, R Gupta, I B Guzman, R Haake, C Hadjidakis, H Hamagaki, G Hamar, J C Hamon, M R Haque, J W Harris, A Harton, H Hassan, D Hatzifotiadou, S Hayashi, S T Heckel, E Hellbär, H Helstrup, A Herghelegiu, E G Hernandez, G Herrera Corral, F Herrmann, B A Hess, K F Hetland, H Hillemanns, C Hills, B Hippolyte, B Hohlweger, D Horak, S Hornung, R Hosokawa, P Hristov, C Hughes, T J Humanic, N Hussain, T Hussain, D Hutter, D S Hwang, S A Iga Buitron, R Ilkaev, M Inaba, M Ippolitov, M S Islam, M Ivanov, V Ivanov, V Izucheev, B Jacak, N Jacazio, P M Jacobs, M B Jadhav, S Jadlovska, J Jadlovsky, S Jaelani, C Jahnke, M J Jakubowska, M A Janik, P H S Y Jayarathna, C Jena, M Jercic, R T Jimenez Bustamante, P G Jones, A Jusko, P Kalinak, A Kalweit, J H Kang, V Kaplin, S Kar, A Karasu Uysal, O Karavichev, T Karavicheva, L Karayan, P Karczmarczyk, E Karpechev, U Kebschull, R Keidel, D L D Keijdener, M Keil, B Ketzer, Z Khabanova, P Khan, S A Khan, A Khanzadeev, Y Kharlov, A Khatun, A Khuntia, M M Kielbowicz, B Kileng, B Kim, D Kim, D J Kim, H Kim, J S Kim, J Kim, M Kim, S Kim, T Kim, S Kirsch, I Kisel, S Kiselev, A Kisiel, G Kiss, J L Klay, C Klein, J Klein, C Klein-Bösing, S Klewin, A Kluge, M L Knichel, A G Knospe, C Kobdaj, M Kofarago, M K Köhler, T Kollegger, V Kondratiev, N Kondratyeva, E Kondratyuk, A Konevskikh, M Konyushikhin, M Kopcik, M Kour, C Kouzinopoulos, O Kovalenko, V Kovalenko, M Kowalski, G Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, I Králik, A Kravčáková, L Kreis, M Krivda, F Krizek, E Kryshen, M Krzewicki, A M Kubera, V Kučera, C Kuhn, P G Kuijer, A Kumar, J Kumar, L Kumar, S Kumar, S Kundu, P Kurashvili, A Kurepin, A B Kurepin, A Kuryakin, S Kushpil, M J Kweon, Y Kwon, S L La Pointe, P La Rocca, C Lagana Fernandes, Y S Lai, I Lakomov, R Langoy, K Lapidus, C Lara, A Lardeux, A Lattuca, E Laudi, R Lavicka, R Lea, L Leardini, S Lee, F Lehas, S Lehner, J Lehrbach, R C Lemmon, E Leogrande, I León Monzón, P Lévai, X Li, J Lien, R Lietava, B Lim, S Lindal, V Lindenstruth, S W Lindsay, C Lippmann, M A Lisa, V Litichevskyi, W J Llope, D F Lodato, P I Loenne, V Loginov, C Loizides, P Loncar, X Lopez, E López Torres, A Lowe, P Luettig, J R Luhder, M Lunardon, G Luparello, M Lupi, T H Lutz, A Maevskaya, M Mager, S M Mahmood, A Maire, R D Majka, M Malaev, L Malinina, D Mal'Kevich, P Malzacher, A Mamonov, V Manko, F Manso, V Manzari, Y Mao, M Marchisone, J Mareš, G V Margagliotti, A Margotti, J Margutti, A Marín, C Markert, M Marquard, N A Martin, P Martinengo, J A L Martinez, M I Martínez, G Martínez García, M Martinez Pedreira, S Masciocchi, M Masera, A Masoni, E Masson, A Mastroserio, A M Mathis, P F T Matuoka, A Matyja, C Mayer, J Mazer, M Mazzilli, M A Mazzoni, F Meddi, Y Melikyan, A Menchaca-Rocha, E Meninno, J Mercado Pérez, M Meres, S Mhlanga, Y Miake, M M Mieskolainen, D L Mihaylov, K Mikhaylov, A Mischke, A N Mishra, D Miśkowiec, J Mitra, C M Mitu, N Mohammadi, A P Mohanty, B Mohanty, M Mohisin Khan, E Montes, D A Moreira De Godoy, L A P Moreno, S Moretto, A Morreale, A Morsch, V Muccifora, E Mudnic, D Mühlheim, S Muhuri, M Mukherjee, J D Mulligan, M G Munhoz, K Münning, R H Munzer, H Murakami, S Murray, L Musa, J Musinsky, C J Myers, J W Myrcha, D Nag, B Naik, R Nair, B K Nandi, R Nania, E Nappi, A Narayan, M U Naru, H Natal da Luz, C Nattrass, S R Navarro, K Nayak, R Nayak, T K Nayak, S Nazarenko, R A Negrao De Oliveira, L Nellen, S V Nesbo, F Ng, M Nicassio, M Niculescu, J Niedziela, B S Nielsen, S Nikolaev, S Nikulin, V Nikulin, F Noferini, P Nomokonov, G Nooren, J C C Noris, J Norman, A Nyanin, J Nystrand, H Oeschler, A Ohlson, T Okubo, L Olah, J Oleniacz, A C Oliveira Da Silva, M H Oliver, J Onderwaater, C Oppedisano, R Orava, M Oravec, A Ortiz Velasquez, A Oskarsson, J Otwinowski, K Oyama, Y Pachmayer, V Pacik, D Pagano, G Paić, P Palni, J Pan, A K Pandey, S Panebianco, V Papikyan, P Pareek, J Park, S Parmar, A Passfeld, S P Pathak, R N Patra, B Paul, H Pei, T Peitzmann, X Peng, L G Pereira, H Pereira Da Costa, D Peresunko, E Perez Lezama, V Peskov, Y Pestov, V Petráček, V Petrov, M Petrovici, C Petta, R P Pezzi, S Piano, M Pikna, P Pillot, L O D L Pimentel, O Pinazza, L Pinsky, D B Piyarathna, M Płoskoń, M Planinic, F Pliquett, J Pluta, S Pochybova, P L M Podesta-Lerma, M G Poghosyan, B Polichtchouk, N Poljak, W Poonsawat, A Pop, H Poppenborg, S Porteboeuf-Houssais, V Pozdniakov, S K Prasad, R Preghenella, F Prino, C A Pruneau, I Pshenichnov, M Puccio, V Punin, J Putschke, S Raha, S Rajput, J Rak, A Rakotozafindrabe, L Ramello, F Rami, D B Rana, R Raniwala, S Raniwala, S S Räsänen, B T Rascanu, D Rathee, V Ratza, I Ravasenga, K F Read, K Redlich, A Rehman, P Reichelt, F Reidt, X Ren, R Renfordt, A Reshetin, K Reygers, V Riabov, T Richert, M Richter, P Riedler, W Riegler, F Riggi, C Ristea, M Rodríguez Cahuantzi, K Røed, E Rogochaya, D Rohr, D Röhrich, P S Rokita, F Ronchetti, E D Rosas, P Rosnet, A Rossi, A Rotondi, F Roukoutakis, C Roy, P Roy, A J Rubio Montero, O V Rueda, R Rui, B Rumyantsev, A Rustamov, E Ryabinkin, Y Ryabov, A Rybicki, S Saarinen, S Sadhu, S Sadovsky, K Šafařík, S K Saha, B Sahlmuller, B Sahoo, P Sahoo, R Sahoo, S Sahoo, P K Sahu, J Saini, S Sakai, M A Saleh, J Salzwedel, S Sambyal, V Samsonov, A Sandoval, A Sarkar, D Sarkar, N Sarkar, P Sarma, M H P Sas, E Scapparone, F Scarlassara, B Schaefer, H S Scheid, C Schiaua, R Schicker, C Schmidt, H R Schmidt, M O Schmidt, M Schmidt, N V Schmidt, J Schukraft, Y Schutz, K Schwarz, K Schweda, G Scioli, E Scomparin, M Šefčík, J E Seger, Y Sekiguchi, D Sekihata, I Selyuzhenkov, K Senosi, S Senyukov, E Serradilla, P Sett, A Sevcenco, A Shabanov, A Shabetai, R Shahoyan, W Shaikh, A Shangaraev, A Sharma, A Sharma, M Sharma, M Sharma, N Sharma, A I Sheikh, K Shigaki, S Shirinkin, Q Shou, K Shtejer, Y Sibiriak, S Siddhanta, K M Sielewicz, T Siemiarczuk, S Silaeva, D Silvermyr, G Simatovic, G Simonetti, R Singaraju, R Singh, V Singhal, T Sinha, B Sitar, M Sitta, T B Skaali, M Slupecki, N Smirnov, R J M Snellings, T W Snellman, J Song, M Song, F Soramel, S Sorensen, F Sozzi, I Sputowska, J Stachel, I Stan, P Stankus, E Stenlund, D Stocco, M M Storetvedt, P Strmen, A A P Suaide, T Sugitate, C Suire, M Suleymanov, M Suljic, R Sultanov, M Šumbera, S Sumowidagdo, K Suzuki, S Swain, A Szabo, I Szarka, U Tabassam, J Takahashi, G J Tambave, N Tanaka, M Tarhini, M Tariq, M G Tarzila, A Tauro, G Tejeda Muñoz, A Telesca, K Terasaki, C Terrevoli, B Teyssier, D Thakur, S Thakur, D Thomas, F Thoresen, R Tieulent, A Tikhonov, A R Timmins, A Toia, M Toppi, S R Torres, S Tripathy, S Trogolo, G Trombetta, L Tropp, V Trubnikov, W H Trzaska, B A Trzeciak, T Tsuji, A Tumkin, R Turrisi, T S Tveter, K Ullaland, E N Umaka, A Uras, G L Usai, A Utrobicic, M Vala, J Van Der Maarel, J W Van Hoorne, M van Leeuwen, T Vanat, P Vande Vyvre, D Varga, A Vargas, M Vargyas, R Varma, M Vasileiou, A Vasiliev, A Vauthier, O Vázquez Doce, V Vechernin, A M Veen, A Velure, E Vercellin, S Vergara Limón, R Vernet, R Vértesi, L Vickovic, S Vigolo, J Viinikainen, Z Vilakazi, O Villalobos Baillie, A Villatoro Tello, A Vinogradov, L Vinogradov, T Virgili, V Vislavicius, A Vodopyanov, M A Völkl, K Voloshin, S A Voloshin, G Volpe, B von Haller, I Vorobyev, D Voscek, D Vranic, J Vrláková, B Wagner, H Wang, M Wang, D Watanabe, Y Watanabe, M Weber, S G Weber, D F Weiser, S C Wenzel, J P Wessels, U Westerhoff, A M Whitehead, J Wiechula, J Wikne, G Wilk, J Wilkinson, G A Willems, M C S Williams, E Willsher, B Windelband, W E Witt, R Xu, S Yalcin, K Yamakawa, P Yang, S Yano, Z Yin, H Yokoyama, I-K Yoo, J H Yoon, E Yun, V Yurchenko, V Zaccolo, A Zaman, C Zampolli, H J C Zanoli, N Zardoshti, A Zarochentsev, P Závada, N Zaviyalov, H Zbroszczyk, M Zhalov, H Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhang, Z Zhang, C Zhao, N Zhigareva, D Zhou, Y Zhou, Z Zhou, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, A Zichichi, M B Zimmermann, G Zinovjev, J Zmeskal, S Zou
We report a precise measurement of the J/ψ elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The J/ψ mesons are reconstructed at midrapidity (|y|<0.9) in the dielectron decay channel and at forward rapidity (2.5<y<4.0) in the dimuon channel, both down to zero transverse momentum. At forward rapidity, the elliptic flow v_{2} of the J/ψ is studied as a function of the transverse momentum and centrality. A positive v_{2} is observed in the transverse momentum range 2<p_{T}<8  GeV/c in the three centrality classes studied and confirms with higher statistics our earlier results at sqrt[s_{NN}]=2...
December 15, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285634/transient-inactivation-of-the-paraventricular-nucleus-of-the-thalamus-enhances-cue-induced-reinstatement-in-goal-trackers-but-not-sign-trackers
#9
Brittany N Kuhn, Marin S Klumpner, Ignacio R Covelo, Paolo Campus, Shelly B Flagel
RATIONALE: The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) has been shown to mediate cue-motivated behaviors, such as sign- and goal-tracking, as well as reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior. However, the role of the PVT in mediating individual variation in cue-induced drug-seeking behavior remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if inactivation of the PVT differentially mediates cue-induced drug-seeking behavior in sign-trackers and goal-trackers...
December 28, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280696/surgical-and-interventional-radiological-management-of-adult-epistaxis-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
C Swords, A Patel, M E Smith, R J Williams, I Kuhn, C Hopkins
BACKGROUND: There is variation regarding the use of surgery and interventional radiological techniques in the management of epistaxis. This review evaluates the effectiveness of surgical artery ligation compared to direct treatments (nasal packing, cautery), and that of embolisation compared to direct treatments and surgery. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed using a standardised published methodology and custom database search strategy...
December 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280695/intranasal-packs-and-haemostatic-agents-for-the-management-of-adult-epistaxis-systematic-review
#11
I Z Iqbal, G H Jones, N Dawe, C Mamais, M E Smith, R J Williams, I Kuhn, S Carrie
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of management of epistaxis refractory to first aid and cautery is intranasal packing. This review aimed to identify evidence surrounding nasal pack use. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed using standardised methodology. RESULTS: Twenty-seven eligible articles were identified relating to non-dissolvable packs and nine to dissolvable packs. Nasal packing appears to be more effective when applied by trained professionals...
December 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280694/initial-assessment-in-the-management-of-adult-epistaxis-systematic-review
#12
M Khan, K Conroy, K Ubayasiri, J Constable, M E Smith, R J Williams, I Kuhn, M Smith, C Philpott
BACKGROUND: The initial assessment of epistaxis patients commonly includes: first aid measures, observations, focused history taking, and clinical examinations and investigations. This systematic review aimed to identify evidence that informs how the initial assessment of these patients should be conducted. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed using a standardised methodology and search strategy. RESULTS: Seventeen articles were included...
December 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261781/accurate-and-fast-feature-selection-workflow-for-high-dimensional-omics-data
#13
Yasset Perez-Riverol, Max Kuhn, Juan Antonio Vizcaíno, Marc-Phillip Hitz, Enrique Audain
We are moving into the age of 'Big Data' in biomedical research and bioinformatics. This trend could be encapsulated in this simple formula: D = S * F, where the volume of data generated (D) increases in both dimensions: the number of samples (S) and the number of sample features (F). Frequently, a typical omics classification includes redundant and irrelevant features (e.g. genes or proteins) that can result in long computation times; decrease of the model performance and the selection of suboptimal features (genes and proteins) after the classification/regression step...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234000/peritoneal-tissue-resident-macrophages-are-metabolically-poised-to-engage-microbes-using-tissue-niche-fuels
#14
Luke C Davies, Christopher M Rice, Erika M Palmieri, Philip R Taylor, Douglas B Kuhns, Daniel W McVicar
The importance of metabolism in macrophage function has been reported, but the in vivo relevance of the in vitro observations is still unclear. Here we show that macrophage metabolites are defined in a specific tissue context, and these metabolites are crucially linked to tissue-resident macrophage functions. We find the peritoneum to be rich in glutamate, a glutaminolysis-fuel that is exploited by peritoneal-resident macrophages to maintain respiratory burst during phagocytosis via enhancing mitochondrial complex-II metabolism...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219329/first-exclusive-measurement-of-deeply-virtual-compton-scattering-off-4-he-toward-the-3d-tomography-of-nuclei
#15
M Hattawy, N A Baltzell, R Dupré, K Hafidi, S Stepanyan, S Bültmann, R De Vita, A El Alaoui, L El Fassi, H Egiyan, F X Girod, M Guidal, D Jenkins, S Liuti, Y Perrin, B Torayev, E Voutier, K P Adhikari, S Adhikari, D Adikaram, Z Akbar, M J Amaryan, S Anefalos Pereira, Whitney R Armstrong, H Avakian, J Ball, M Bashkanov, M Battaglieri, V Batourine, I Bedlinskiy, A S Biselli, S Boiarinov, W J Briscoe, W K Brooks, V D Burkert, Frank Thanh Cao, D S Carman, A Celentano, G Charles, T Chetry, G Ciullo, L Clark, L Colaneri, P L Cole, M Contalbrigo, O Cortes, V Crede, A D'Angelo, N Dashyan, E De Sanctis, A Deur, C Djalali, L Elouadrhiri, P Eugenio, G Fedotov, S Fegan, R Fersch, A Filippi, J A Fleming, T A Forest, A Fradi, M Garçon, N Gevorgyan, Y Ghandilyan, G P Gilfoyle, K L Giovanetti, C Gleason, W Gohn, E Golovatch, R W Gothe, K A Griffioen, L Guo, H Hakobyan, C Hanretty, N Harrison, D Heddle, K Hicks, M Holtrop, S M Hughes, D G Ireland, B S Ishkhanov, E L Isupov, H Jiang, K Joo, S Joosten, D Keller, G Khachatryan, M Khachatryan, M Khandaker, A Kim, W Kim, A Klein, F J Klein, V Kubarovsky, S E Kuhn, S V Kuleshov, L Lanza, P Lenisa, K Livingston, H Y Lu, I J D MacGregor, N Markov, M Mayer, M E McCracken, B McKinnon, C A Meyer, Z E Meziani, T Mineeva, M Mirazita, V Mokeev, R A Montgomery, H Moutarde, A Movsisyan, C Munoz Camacho, P Nadel-Turonski, L A Net, S Niccolai, G Niculescu, I Niculescu, M Osipenko, A I Ostrovidov, M Paolone, R Paremuzyan, K Park, E Pasyuk, E Phelps, W Phelps, S Pisano, O Pogorelko, J W Price, Y Prok, D Protopopescu, M Ripani, B G Ritchie, A Rizzo, G Rosner, P Rossi, F Sabatié, C Salgado, R A Schumacher, E Seder, Y G Sharabian, A Simonyan, Iu Skorodumina, G D Smith, D Sokhan, N Sparveris, S Strauch, M Taiuti, M Ungaro, H Voskanyan, N K Walford, D P Watts, X Wei, L B Weinstein, M H Wood, N Zachariou, L Zana, J Zhang, Z W Zhao
We report on the first measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry in the exclusive process of coherent deeply virtual Compton scattering off a nucleus. The experiment uses the 6 GeV electron beam from the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) accelerator at Jefferson Lab incident on a pressurized ^{4}He gaseous target placed in front of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The scattered electron is detected by CLAS and the photon by a dedicated electromagnetic calorimeter at forward angles...
November 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193301/exposure-to-human-voices-has-beneficial-effects-on-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#16
REVIEW
S Saliba, R Esseily, M Filippa, P Kuhn, M Gratier
We reviewed the literature up to March 2016 on the effects of non-maternal voices on preterm infants' clinical outcomes. Of the 11 studies that met the inclusion criteria, 10 focused on short-term outcomes and one looked at long-term effects. The studies mainly showed that vocal stimuli increased preterm infants' stability in terms of heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and behavioural measures. Improvements in feeding skills were also reported. The methods and the measures used in the studies were heterogeneous, making it difficult to draw reliable conclusions...
November 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188173/influence-of-sonication-on-bacterial-regrowth-from-antibiotic-loaded-pmma-scaffolds-an-in-vitro-study
#17
Martin Clauss, Esther Laschkolnig, Susanne Graf, Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most challenging complications after joint replacement. However, when treated correctly, chances of recovery are good. The most important step in correct diagnosis and management of PJI is the detection of the causative germ. In the last years, the use of sonication in the diagnostic process has become more important. However, this diagnostic methodology has been controversially discussed when used in combination with antibiotic loaded bone cement (PMMA), which is frequently used in joint replacement surgeries...
2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181692/serum-metabolites-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-and-ischemic-stroke-a-targeted-metabolomic-approach-in-two-german-prospective-cohorts
#18
Anna Floegel, Tilman Kühn, Disorn Sookthai, Theron Johnson, Cornelia Prehn, Ulrike Rolle-Kampczyk, Wolfgang Otto, Cornelia Weikert, Thomas Illig, Martin von Bergen, Jerzy Adamski, Heiner Boeing, Rudolf Kaaks, Tobias Pischon
Metabolomic approaches in prospective cohorts may offer a unique snapshot into early metabolic perturbations that are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in healthy people. We investigated the association of 105 serum metabolites, including acylcarnitines, amino acids, phospholipids and hexose, with risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam (27,548 adults) and Heidelberg (25,540 adults) cohorts...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172004/early-onset-myopathies-clinical-findings-prevalence-of-subgroups-and-diagnostic-approach-in-a-single-neuromuscular-referral-center-in-germany
#19
K Vill, A Blaschek, D Gläser, M Kuhn, T Haack, B Alhaddad, M Wagner, R Kovacs-Nagy, M Tacke, L Gerstl, A S Schroeder, I Borggraefe, C Mueller, B Schlotter-Weigel, B Schoser, M C Walter, W Müller-Felber
BACKGROUND: Early-onset myopathies are a heterogeneous group of neuromuscular diseases with broad clinical, genetic and histopathological overlap. The diagnostic approach has considerably changed since high throughput genetic methods (next generation sequencing, NGS) became available. OBJECTIVE: We present diagnostic subgroups in a single neuromuscular referral center and describe an algorithm for the diagnostic work-up. METHODS: The diagnostic approach of 98 index patients was retrospectively analysed...
2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171108/optimization-and-validation-of-automated-hippocampal-subfield-segmentation-across-the-lifespan
#20
Andrew R Bender, Attila Keresztes, Nils C Bodammer, Yee Lee Shing, Markus Werkle-Bergner, Ana M Daugherty, Qijing Yu, Simone Kühn, Ulman Lindenberger, Naftali Raz
Automated segmentation of hippocampal (HC) subfields from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is gaining popularity, but automated procedures that afford high speed and reproducibility have yet to be extensively validated against the standard, manual morphometry. We evaluated the concurrent validity of an automated method for hippocampal subfields segmentation (automated segmentation of hippocampal subfields, ASHS; Yushkevich et al., ) using a customized atlas of the HC body, with manual morphometry as a standard...
November 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
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