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R. Kuhn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145578/the-changing-paradigm-of-management-of-liver-abscesses-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#1
David M Straughan, Kaitlin C McLoughlin, John E Mullinax, Beatriz E Marciano, Alexandra F Freeman, Victoria L Anderson, Gulbu Uzel, Sa D C Azoury, Rebecca Sorber, Humair S Quadri, Harry L Malech, Suk See DeRavin, Natasha Kamal, Christopher Koh, Christa S Zerbe, Douglas B Kuhns, John I Gallin, Theo Heller, Steven M Holland, Udo Rudloff
Background: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare genetic disorder causing recurrent infections. Over one quarter of patients develop hepatic abscesses and liver dysfunction. Recent reports suggest disease-modifying treatment with corticosteroids is effective for these abscesses. Comparison of corticosteroid therapy to traditional invasive treatments has not been performed. Methods: Records of 268 patients with CGD treated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1980 to 2014 were reviewed...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144972/building-bridges-through-science
#2
Thomas Lissek, Michelle Adams, John Adelman, Ehud Ahissar, Mohammed Akaaboune, Huda Akil, Mustafa al'Absi, Fazal Arain, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Deniz Atasoy, Jesus Avila, Ashraf Badawi, Hilmar Bading, Abdul Mannan Baig, Jimena Baleriola, Carlos Belmonte, Ilaria Bertocchi, Heinrich Betz, Colin Blakemore, Olaf Blanke, Philipp Boehm-Sturm, Tobias Bonhoeffer, Paolo Bonifazi, Nils Brose, Patrizia Campolongo, Tansu Celikel, Cathy C Chang, Ta-Yuan Chang, Ami Citri, Hollis T Cline, Jesus M Cortes, Kathleen Cullen, Kellie Dean, José M Delgado-Garcia, Mathieu Desroches, John F Disterhoft, John E Dowling, Andreas Draguhn, Sherif F El-Khamisy, Abdeljabbar El Manira, S Ather Enam, Juan M Encinas, Asier Erramuzpe, José A Esteban, Isabel Fariñas, Edmond Fischer, Izumi Fukunaga, Iñigo Gabilondo, Detlev Ganten, Albert Gidon, Juan Carlos Gomez-Esteban, Paul Greengard, Valery Grinevich, Agnés Gruart, Roger Guillemin, Ahmad R Hariri, Bassem Hassan, Michael Häusser, Yasunori Hayashi, Natasha K Hussain, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Mohamed Jaber, Reinhardt Jahn, Essam Mohammed Janahi, Mohamed Kabbaj, Helmut Kettenmann, Merel Kindt, Shira Knafo, Georg Köhr, Shoji Komai, Harm Krugers, Bernd Kuhn, Nouria Lakhdar Ghazal, Matthew E Larkum, Mickey London, Beat Lutz, Carlos Matute, Luis Martinez-Millan, Mouna Maroun, James McGaugh, Ahmed A Moustafa, Anwar Nasim, Klaus-Armin Nave, Erwin Neher, Karoly Nikolich, Tiago Outeiro, Lucy M Palmer, Olga Penagarikano, Isabel Perez-Otano, Donald W Pfaff, Bruno Poucet, Atta-Ur Rahman, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Ali Rashidy-Pour, Richard J Roberts, Serafim Rodrigues, Joshua R Sanes, Andreas T Schaefer, Menahem Segal, Idan Segev, Saad Shafqat, Nikhat Ahmed Siddiqui, Hermona Soreq, Eduardo Soriano-García, Rainer Spanagel, Rolf Sprengel, Greg Stuart, Thomas C Südhof, Jan Tønnesen, Mario Treviño, Basim M Uthman, J Craig Venter, Alexei Verkhratsky, Craig Weiss, Torsten N Wiesel, Emre Yaksi, Ofer Yizhar, Larry J Young, Paul Young, Nasser H Zawia, José L Zugaza, Mazahir T Hasan
Science is ideally suited to connect people from different cultures and thereby foster mutual understanding. To promote international life science collaboration, we have launched "The Science Bridge" initiative. Our current project focuses on partnership between Western and Middle Eastern neuroscience communities.
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144792/effect-of-blood-collection-tube-type-and-time-to-processing-on-the-enumeration-and-high-content-characterization-of-circulating-tumor-cells-using-the-high-definition-single-cell-assay
#3
Mariam Rodríguez-Lee, Anand Kolatkar, Madelyn McCormick, Angel D Dago, Jude Kendall, Nils Anders Carlsson, Kelly Bethel, Emily J Greenspan, Shelley E Hwang, Kathryn R Waitman, Jorge J Nieva, James Hicks, Peter Kuhn
CONTEXT: - As circulating tumor cell (CTC) assays gain clinical relevance, it is essential to address preanalytic variability and to develop standard operating procedures for sample handling in order to successfully implement genomically informed, precision health care. OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate the effects of blood collection tube (BCT) type and time-to-assay (TTA) on the enumeration and high-content characterization of CTCs by using the high-definition single-cell assay (HD-SCA)...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135672/what-s-new-in-orthopaedic-rehabilitation
#4
Nitin B Jain, Byron J Schneider, John E Kuhn, William D Murrell, Stacy Stark, Kristin R Archer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135256/improved-solution-state-properties-of-monoclonal-antibodies-by-targeted-mutations
#5
Alexander B Kuhn, Sebastian Kube, Anne R Karow-Zwick, Daniel Seeliger, Patrick Garidel, Michaela Blech, Lars V Schäfer
Monoclonal antibody (mAb) based therapeutics often require high concentration formulations. Unfortunately, highly concentrated antibody solutions often have biophysical properties that are disadvantageous for therapeutic development, such as high viscosity, solubility limitations, precipitation issues, or liquid-liquid phase separation. In this work, we present a computational rational design principle for improving the thermodynamic stability of mAb solutions through targeted point mutations. Two publicly available IgG1 monoclonal antibodies that exhibit high viscosity at high concentrations were used as model systems...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123679/mix-and-diffuse-serial-synchrotron-crystallography
#6
Kenneth R Beyerlein, Dennis Dierksmeyer, Valerio Mariani, Manuela Kuhn, Iosifina Sarrou, Angelica Ottaviano, Salah Awel, Juraj Knoska, Silje Fuglerud, Olof Jönsson, Stephan Stern, Max O Wiedorn, Oleksandr Yefanov, Luigi Adriano, Richard Bean, Anja Burkhardt, Pontus Fischer, Michael Heymann, Daniel A Horke, Katharina E J Jungnickel, Elena Kovaleva, Olga Lorbeer, Markus Metz, Jan Meyer, Andrew Morgan, Kanupriya Pande, Saravanan Panneerselvam, Carolin Seuring, Aleksandra Tolstikova, Julia Lieske, Steve Aplin, Manfred Roessle, Thomas A White, Henry N Chapman, Alke Meents, Dominik Oberthuer
Unravelling the interaction of biological macromolecules with ligands and substrates at high spatial and temporal resolution remains a major challenge in structural biology. The development of serial crystallography methods at X-ray free-electron lasers and subsequently at synchrotron light sources allows new approaches to tackle this challenge. Here, a new polyimide tape drive designed for mix-and-diffuse serial crystallography experiments is reported. The structure of lysozyme bound by the competitive inhibitor chitotriose was determined using this device in combination with microfluidic mixers...
November 1, 2017: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106570/the-ucsc-genome-browser-database-2018-update
#7
Jonathan Casper, Ann S Zweig, Chris Villarreal, Cath Tyner, Matthew L Speir, Kate R Rosenbloom, Brian J Raney, Christopher M Lee, Brian T Lee, Donna Karolchik, Angie S Hinrichs, Maximilian Haeussler, Luvina Guruvadoo, Jairo Navarro Gonzalez, David Gibson, Ian T Fiddes, Christopher Eisenhart, Mark Diekhans, Hiram Clawson, Galt P Barber, Joel Armstrong, David Haussler, Robert M Kuhn, W James Kent
The UCSC Genome Browser (https://genome.ucsc.edu) provides a web interface for exploring annotated genome assemblies. The assemblies and annotation tracks are updated on an ongoing basis-12 assemblies and more than 28 tracks were added in the past year. Two recent additions are a display of CRISPR/Cas9 guide sequences and an interactive navigator for gene interactions. Other upgrades from the past year include a command-line version of the Variant Annotation Integrator, support for Human Genome Variation Society variant nomenclature input and output, and a revised highlighting tool that now supports multiple simultaneous regions and colors...
November 2, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101346/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-algorithm-analytic-platform-to-detect-off-target-mechanical-ventilation
#8
Jason Y Adams, Monica K Lieng, Brooks T Kuhn, Greg B Rehm, Edward C Guo, Sandra L Taylor, Jean-Pierre Delplanque, Nicholas R Anderson
Healthcare-specific analytic software is needed to process the large volumes of streaming physiologic waveform data increasingly available from life support devices such as mechanical ventilators. Detection of clinically relevant events from these data streams will advance understanding of critical illness, enable real-time clinical decision support, and improve both clinical outcomes and patient experience. We used mechanical ventilation waveform data (VWD) as a use case to address broader issues of data access and analysis including discrimination between true events and waveform artifacts...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092068/development-of-a-research-oriented-system-for-collecting-mechanical-ventilator-waveform-data
#9
Gregory B Rehm, Brooks T Kuhn, Jean-Pierre Delplanque, Edward C Guo, Monica K Lieng, Jimmy Nguyen, Nicholas R Anderson, Jason Y Adams
Lack of access to high-frequency, high-volume patient-derived data, such as mechanical ventilator waveform data, has limited the secondary use of these data for research, quality improvement, and decision support. Existing methods for collecting these data are obtrusive, require high levels of technical expertise, and are often cost-prohibitive, limiting their use and scalability for research applications. We describe here the development of an unobtrusive, open-source, scalable, and user-friendly architecture for collecting, transmitting, and storing mechanical ventilator waveform data that is generalizable to other patient care devices...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074422/suboccipital-craniotomy-versus-craniectomy-a-survey-of-practice-patterns
#10
Elizabeth N Kuhn, Gustavo Chagoya, Bonita S Agee, Mark R Harrigan
OBJECT: Open surgical access to the posterior fossa has traditionally been achieved by permanent bone removal and remains the mainstay of posterior fossa surgery, although craniotomy is an alternative. Considerable variation exists at both the national and international levels within a variety of neurological and neurosurgical disciplines. In this study we surveyed current practice patterns regarding preference of suboccipital craniotomy or craniectomy. METHODS: The membership directory of the American Academy of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) was reviewed...
October 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069370/ten-year-results-of-intense-dose-dense-chemotherapy-show-superior-survival-compared-to-a-conventional-schedule-in-high-risk-primary-breast-cancer-final-results-of-ago-phase-iii-iddepc-trial
#11
V Möbus, C Jackisch, H J Lueck, A du Bois, C Thomssen, W Kuhn, U Nitz, A Schneeweiss, J Huober, N Harbeck, G von Minckwitz, I B Runnebaum, A Hinke, G E Konecny, M Untch, C Kurbacher, S Kahlert, N Hauser, F Marmé, L Kiesel, D Wallwiener, B Rautenberg, R Hofmann, J Barinoff, E Stickeler, H Eidtmann, V Müller, G Emons, P Mallmann, R Hackenberg, C Hielscher, G Räber, H Sommer, P Schmidt-Rhode, B Jahns, A von der Assen, S Dietterle, M Kaufmann, C Strunk, R Goebel, S Paepke, A Paulenz, A Junker-Stein, U Rhein, K Bremer, W Bauer, P Hohlweg-Majert, D Kramer, H-G Meerpohl, K Diedrich, P Dall, H Kölbl, B Brückner, R Gros, H Stehle, K Lobodasch, T Dinkelacker, E Klöpper, C Karg, M Stibora, W Weise, F Melchert, S Mohrmann, C Klatt, M Schmidt, M Glados, H Mickan, A Pollmanns, T Beck, W Schröder, H Klingemann, G Köhler, W Freier, S-T Graßhoff, U Söling, E Keil, C Höß, U Kullmer, A Niesel, H Bodenstein, G Bartzke, C M Schlotter, W Wiest, W Ernst, O Brudler, B Heinrich, J Hackmann, W Niedner, G Hoffmann, W Knapp, G Dresemann, C Karl, F-J Klemm, G C Schliesser, M Butterwegge, H Meden, M Kirschbaum, T Schwenzer, H-J Voigt, U Weiß, G Önder, W Langer, M Glaubitz, M Beha, A Coumbos, Y Ko, J-U Deuker, O Prümmer, U Wagner, A Kohlstedt, P Schreiber, V Jovanovic, K Drzewiecki, H Guba, H Seipt, M Stauch, C Maintz, B Morenz
Background: Primary breast cancer patients with extensive axillary lymph-node involvement have a limited prognosis. The AGO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Gynaekologische Onkologie) trial compared intense dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy with conventionally scheduled chemotherapy in high-risk breast cancer patients. Here we report the final, 10-year follow-up analysis. Patients and methods: Enrolment took place between December 1998 until April 2003. 1284 patients with four or more involved axillary lymph nodes were randomly assigned to receive three courses each of intense dose-dense sequential epirubicin, paclitaxel and cyclophosphamide (iddEPC) q2w or standard epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (EC&cenveo_unknown_entity_wingdings_F0E0;P) q3w...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069134/paleoenvironmental-evolution-of-the-coastal-plain-of-southern-brazil-palynological-data-from-a-holocene-core-in-santa-catarina-state
#12
Lidia A Kuhn, Paulo A Souza, Rodrigo R Cancelli, Wagner G Silva, Renato B Macedo
This paper presents a paleoenvironmental reconstruction from palynological analyses of a sedimentary core of Holocene age, drilled at municipality of Garopaba (Santa Catarina), Southern Brazil. A total of 46 samples was collected for palynological analyses in the 450 cm-long core PCSC-3, as also three samples for radiocarbon dating and granulometric analyses. The palynological content includes 84 taxa related to pollen grains of angiosperms (38) and gimnosperm (3), spores of pteridophyta (16) and bryophyta (2), spores of fungi (8), algae (3), acritarchs (3), dinoflagellate cysts (2) and microforaminiferal linings (1)...
October 23, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063567/best-paper-selection
#13
(no author information available yet)
Agarwal V, Podchiyska T, Banda JM, Goel V, Leung TI, Minty EP, Sweeney TE, Gyang E, Shah NH. Learning statistical models of phenotypes using noisy labeled training data. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2016;23(6):1166-73 https://academic.oup.com/jamia/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jamia/ocw028 Harmanci A, Gerstein M. Quantification of private information leakage from phenotype-genotype data: linking attacks. Nat Methods 2016;13(3):251-6 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4834871/ Pfiffner PB, Pinyol I, Natter MD, Mandl KD...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063537/best-paper-selection
#14
(no author information available yet)
Chen J, Podchiyska T, Altman R. OrderRex: clinical order decision support and outcome predictions by data-mining electronic medical records. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2016;23:339-48 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5009921/ Miotto R, Li L, Kidd BA, Dudley JT. Deep Patient: An Unsupervised Representation to Predict the Future of Patients from the Electronic Health Records. Sci Rep 2016;6:26094 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4869115/ Prasser F, Kohlmayer F, Kuhn KA. The Importance of Context: Risk-based De-identification of Biomedical Data...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046085/transoral-laser-surgery-for-laryngeal-carcinoma-has-steiner-achieved-a-genuine-paradigm-shift-in-oncological-surgery
#15
A T Harris, A Tanyi, R D Hart, J Trites, M H Rigby, J Lancaster, A Nicolaides, S M Taylor
Transoral laser microsurgery applies to the piecemeal removal of malignant tumours of the upper aerodigestive tract using the CO2 laser under the operating microscope. This method of surgery is being increasingly popularised as a single modality treatment of choice in early laryngeal cancers (T1 and T2) and occasionally in the more advanced forms of the disease (T3 and T4), predominantly within the supraglottis. Thomas Kuhn, the American physicist turned philosopher and historian of science, coined the phrase 'paradigm shift' in his groundbreaking book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045642/patient-and-tumor-characteristics-and-their-influence-on-early-therapy-persistence-with-letrozole-in-postmenopausal-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#16
N Nabieva, S Kellner, T Fehm, L Häberle, J de Waal, M Rezai, B Baier, G Baake, H-C Kolberg, M Guggenberger, M Warm, N Harbeck, R Wuerstlein, J-U Deuker, P Dall, B Richter, G Wachsmann, C Brucker, J W Siebers, N Fersis, T Kuhn, C Wolf, H-W Vollert, G-P Breitbach, W Janni, R Landthaler, A Kohls, D Rezek, T Noesselt, G Fischer, S Henschen, T Praetz, V Heyl, T Kühn, T Krauss, C Thomssen, A Hohn, H Tesch, C Mundhenke, A Hein, C Rauh, C M Bayer, A Jacob, K Schmidt, E Belleville, S Y Brucker, S Kümmel, M W Beckmann, D Wallwiener, P Hadji, P A Fasching
Background: Patients' compliance and persistence with endocrine treatment has a significant effect on the prognosis in early breast cancer (EBC). The purpose of this analysis was to identify possible reasons for non-persistence, defined as premature cessation of therapy, on the basis of patient and tumor characteristics in individuals receiving adjuvant treatment with letrozole. Patients and methods: The EvAluate-TM Study is a prospective, multicenter, noninterventional study in which treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole was evaluated in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive EBC in the early therapy phase...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027478/educational-initiative-to-standardize-concussion-management-in-pediatric-primary-care
#17
Alex M Taylor, Lise E Nigrovic, Meredith L Saillant, Emily K Trudell, Jonathan R Modest, Madeleine Kuhn, Louis Vernacchio
Pediatric primary care providers report limited training and tools to manage concussion. We developed a learning community intervention for a large independent pediatric practice association affiliated with a university hospital to standardize concussion management and improve the use of consensus-based guidelines. The learning community included in-person and online didactics, followed by a web-based reinforcement platform to educate and train clinicians on our treatment algorithm and decision support tools...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025032/physical-activity-mediating-factors-and-risk-of-colon-cancer-insights-into-adiposity-and-circulating-biomarkers-from-the-epic-cohort
#18
Krasimira Aleksandrova, Mazda Jenab, Michael Leitzmann, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Rudolf Kaaks, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Pagona Lagiou, Sabina Rinaldi, Heinz Freisling, Marion Carayol, Tobias Pischon, Dagmar Drogan, Elisabete Weiderpass, Paula Jakszyn, Kim Overvad, Christina C Dahm, Anne Tjønneland, Marie-Christine Bouton-Ruault, Tilman Kühn, Eleni Peppa, Elissavet Valanou, Carlo La Vecchia, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Claudia Agnoli, Rosario Tumino, Anne May, Jonna van Vulpen, Kristin Benjaminsen Borch, Sunday Oluwafemi Oyeyemi, J Ramón Quirós, Catalina Bonet, María-José Sánchez, Miren Dorronsoro, Carmen Navarro, Aurelio Barricarte, Bethany van Guelpen, Patrik Wennberg, Timothy J Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas Wareham, Nada Assi, Heather A Ward, Dagfinn Aune, Elio Riboli, Heiner Boeing
Background: There is convincing evidence that high physical activity lowers the risk of colon cancer; however, the underlying biological mechanisms remain largely unknown. We aimed to determine the extent to which body fatness and biomarkers of various biologically plausible pathways account for the association between physical activity and colon cancer. Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study in a cohort of 519 978 men and women aged 25 to 70 years followed from 1992 to 2003...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986850/retrovirus-based-surrogate-systems-for-bsl-2-high-throughput-screening-of-antivirals-targeting-bsl-3-4-hemorrhagic-fever-causing-viruses
#19
Sheli R Radoshitzky, Veronica Soloveva, Dima Gharaibeh, Jens H Kuhn, Sina Bavari
The majority of viruses causing hemorrhagic fever in humans are Risk Group 3 or 4 pathogens and, therefore, can only be handled in biosafety level 3 or 4 (BSL-3/4) containment laboratories. The restricted number of such laboratories, the substantial financial requirements to maintain them, and safety concerns for the laboratory workers pose formidable challenges for rapid medical countermeasure discovery and evaluation. BSL-2 surrogate systems are a less challenging, cheap, and fast alternative to the use of live high-consequence viruses for dissecting and targeting individual steps of viral lifecycles with a diminished threat to the laboratory worker...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983930/safety-of-leucodepleted-salvaged-blood-in-oncological-surgery-an-in-vitro-model
#20
C Marraccini, L Merolle, P Berni, K Boito, I Tamagnini, E Kuhn, M Ragazzi, R Baricchi, T A Pertinhez
Intra-operative blood cell salvage (IOCS) is mainly avoided in onco surgery due to the suspicion that it could increase metastasis' risk. We simulated IOCS followed by leucodepletion: HCT116 (human colorectal cancer) cells were inoculated into packed red blood cells units, and their distribution was evaluated, step-by-step, by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Most of HCT116 cells were lost during washing, and almost completely removed after filtration. IOCS plus leucodepletion could be of great advantage for oncological patients, where allogenic blood transfusion could influence tumour progression...
October 6, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
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