Read by QxMD icon Read

Pathological liar

J J Lee, E A Jacobsen, M P McGarry, R P Schleimer, N A Lee
Discussions of eosinophils are often descriptions of end-stage effector cells with destructive capabilities mediated predominantly by released cytotoxic cationic granule proteins. Moreover, eosinophils in the medical literature are invariably associated with the pathologies linked with helminth infections or allergic diseases such as asthma. This has led to an almost fatalist view of eosinophil effector functions and associated therapeutic strategies targeting these cells that would make even William of Ockham proud - eosinophil effector functions have physiological consequences that increase patient morbidity/mortality and 'the only good eosinophils are dead eosinophils'...
April 2010: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yaling Yang, Adrian Raine, Katherine L Narr, Todd Lencz, Lori LaCasse, Patrick Colletti, Arthur W Toga
We examined white matter volumes in four prefrontal subregions using structural magnetic resonance imaging in 10 pathological liars, 14 antisocial controls, and 20 normal controls. Liars showed a relatively widespread increase in white matter (23-36%) in orbitofrontal, middle and inferior, but not superior, frontal gyri compared with antisocial and normal controls. This white matter increase may predispose some individuals to pathological lying.
February 2007: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Sean A Spence
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2005: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Yaling Yang, Adrian Raine, Todd Lencz, Susan Bihrle, Lori Lacasse, Patrick Colletti
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown increased bilateral activation in the prefrontal cortex when normal individuals lie, but there have been no structural imaging studies of deceitful individuals. AIMS: To assess whether deceitful individuals show structural abnormalities in prefrontal grey and white matter volume. METHOD: Prefrontal grey and white matter volumes were assessed using structural magnetic resonance imaging in 12 individuals who pathologically lie, cheat and deceive ('liars'),16 antisocial controls and 21 normal controls...
October 2005: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Don Grubin
Lying is common, and in its many aspects forms a normal part of social interchange. In this issue, Dike et al. review the literature on what has been referred to as pathological lying, highlighting the lack of information available about this phenomenon. In this commentary on Dike et al., it is noted that if pathological lying exists, it is not the lie, but the liar that is abnormal, with the abnormality relating not to the nature of the lies told, but to the mental state associated with the behavior. Before forensic opinions regarding pathological lying can be given with confidence, we need more data to help determine whether it is in fact a psychiatric entity, and if it is, about the physical and psychological characteristics that underpin it...
2005: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Charles C Dike, Madelon Baranoski, Ezra E H Griffith
Although pathological lying was first described in the medical literature over 100 years ago, it remains a poorly understood concept. Psychiatrists continue to grapple with the full ramifications of the condition, even though interest specifically in pathological lying seems to have waned in recent times. The impact of pathological lying deserves critical attention from forensic psychiatrists because of the implications that untruths have in a legal context. In this article, the authors review the considerable vagueness and confusion that has surrounded this concept and examine the extent to which a person can control lying behavior and the related question of whether pathological liars have responsibility for their actions...
2005: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
S Brochu
Although research on the link between drugs and crime is not a major concern for many Quebec researchers, the last five years have been the scene of an increasing number of studies on the subject. These studies can be divided in four groups: 1) criminal policies; 2) studies on prevalence; 3) relation between drugs and crime; 4) intervention and its impact. Results of these studies put additional pressure for adequate treatment of addicts having problems with the law. Social workers in rehabilitation centres have thus noticed an increasing number of addicts who had or were going through problems with the law...
1997: Santé Mentale Au Québec
D C Renshaw
The classification, etiology, ordinary pathology, and various medical and legal aspects of the phenomenon of lying are discussed. Five types of liars are identified: tellers of "white lies," pathological liars, professional liars ("confidence" men), spies, and patients with a psychosis or an organic brain syndrome. The characteristics of these types are analyzed, and methods of coping with them are outlined.
March 1993: Clinical Therapeutics
C V Ford, B H King, M H Hollender
The authors discuss the phenomenon of lying, a common psychic process that has received remarkably little scrutiny. The ubiquity of lying and others forms of deception suggests that they have "normal" aspects, but lying which is persistent or destructive to the quality of a person's life becomes pathological. Lying has many determinants, including developmental, biological, social, and psychodynamic. Antisocial, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, and compulsive personalities have been associated with lying...
May 1988: American Journal of Psychiatry
R Sharrock, M Cresswell
A case of Pseudologia Fantastica is presented in a man charged with murder. Psychological assessment revealed him to be highly compliant and suggestible, consistent with early research (Healy and Healy, 1915) which showed pathological liars to be suggestible to misleading information. A specific dyslexic disorder is also demonstrated, and the possible mechanisms behind the man's lying considered. Some implications regarding the reliability of the man's varying confessions to the police are discussed, and parallels are drawn between this case and that of Timothy Evans, who in 1950 was hanged for murder...
October 1989: Medicine, Science, and the Law
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"