keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perioperative blood management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803771/perioperative-management-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
REVIEW
Hirotsugu Kanda, Yuji Hirasaki, Takafumi Iida, Megumi Kanao-Kanda, Yuki Toyama, Takashi Chiba, Takayuki Kunisawa
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with significant alterations in cardiovascular function; homeostasis of body fluid, electrolytes, and acid-base equilibrium; bone metabolism, erythropoiesis; and blood coagulation. The prevalence of ESRD is increasing rapidly worldwide, as is the number of patients requiring surgery under general anesthesia. Patients with ESRD have significantly higher risks of perioperative morbidity and mortality due to multiple comorbidities. The perioperative management of patients with ESRD under general anesthesia therefore requires special considerations and a careful multidisciplinary approach...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799484/pharmacology-and-perioperative-considerations-for-diabetes-mellitus-medications
#2
Stephen Aniskevich, J Ross Renew, Ryan M Chadha, Joan M Irizarry-Alvarado
BACKGROUND: Given the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in modern society, health care providers are frequently tasked with managing glucose control in the perioperative period. When determining perioperative diabetes management, the clinician must balance the need to maintain relative euglycemia at the time of surgery with preventing hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia in a fasting surgical patient. This balance requires an understanding of the pharmacology of these medications, the type of surgery, and the patient's degree of diabetic control...
August 10, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795966/the-coagulation-profile-of-end-stage-liver-disease-and-considerations-for-intraoperative-management
#3
Katherine T Forkin, Douglas A Colquhoun, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
The coagulopathy of end-stage liver disease results from a complex derangement in both anticoagulant and procoagulant processes. With even minor insults, cirrhotic patients experience either inappropriate bleeding or clotting, or even both simultaneously. The various phases of liver transplantation along with fluid and blood product administration may contribute to additional disturbances in coagulation. Thus, anesthetic management of patients undergoing liver transplantation to improve hemostasis and avoid inappropriate thrombosis in the perioperative environment can be challenging...
August 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791678/circulating-mitochondrial-stress-70-protein-mortalin-and-cytosolic-hsp70-in-blood-risk-indicators-in-colorectal-cancer
#4
Ritta Jubran, Judit Kocsis, Nóra Garam, Éva Maláti, Tímea Gombos, Lóránd Barabás, László Gráf, Zoltán Prohászka, Zvi Fishelson
Mitochondrial mortalin and cytosolic Hsp70 are essential chaperones overexpressed in cancer cells. Our goals were to reproduce our earlier findings of elevated circulating levels of mortalin and Hsp70 in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with a larger patient cohort, to compare death risk assessment of mortalin, Hsp70, CEA and C19-9 and to assess their prognostic value in various CRC stages. Mortalin, Hsp70, CEA and CA19-9 levels were determined in sera of 235 CRC patients enrolled in the study and followed-up 5 years after surgery...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790297/-techniques-for-preventing-postoperative-complication-in-esophageal-salvage-surgery
#5
Mitsuru Iwama, Takushi Yasuda, Osamu Shiraishi, Hiroaki Kato, Yoko Hiraki, Yumiko Tanaka, Atsushi Yasuda, Masayuki Shinkai, Motohiro Imano, Yutaka Kimura, Haruhiko Imamoto
Patients with esophageal cancer are often treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). Regardless of arrival at dCRT, the risk of local/regional recurrence during follow-up is significant. Many patient are faced with limited options for therapy once dCRT has failed. Salvage surgery is the only way for complete cure of patients with local/regional recurrent esophageal cancer after dCRT. However, salvage surgery has a significant high risk of fatal complications. We examine our preventive measures to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications after salvage surgery for thoracic esophageal cancer...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790281/-perioperative-management-for-prevention-of-cardiac-complications-in-general-thoracic-surgery
#6
Terumoto Koike, Masanori Tsuchida
For general thoracic surgeons, perioperative management for prevention of cardiac complications is important because patients undergoing general thoracic surgery often have risk factors for cardiac disease. Sever cardiac failure should be detected and treated prior to surgery, and coronary artery may be examined in patients with risk factors for ischemic heart disease. Pulmonary resection sometimes causes right-sided heart failure due to reducing pulmonary vascular bed. In high-risk patients for rightsided heart failure, pulmonary artery pressure monitoring by right heart catheterization should be considered in addition to blood pressure and central venous pressure monitoring, and precise fluid management is required...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774488/crystalloid-versus-colloid-fluids-for-reduction-of-postoperative-ileus-after-abdominal-operation-under-combined-general-and-epidural-anesthesia
#7
Mohammad Reza Ghodraty, Faranak Rokhtabnak, Hossein Reza Dehghan, Alireza Pournajafian, Masoud Baghaee Vaji, Zahra Sadat Koleini, Jahan Porhomayon, Nader D Nader
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to compare the effect of perioperative administration of crystalloid versus colloid solutions and its impact on reversal of ileus after resection with primary anastomosis of intestine. We hypothesized that inclusion of colloids will improve the return of intestinal motility. METHODS: In a double-blinded clinical trial, 91 the American Society of Anesthesiologists I to III patients undergoing abdominal operation for resection with anastomosis of small or large intestine were randomized to receive either lactated Ringer solution crystalloid group or 6% hydroxyethyl starch colloid group to replace intraoperative fluid loss (blood loss + third space)...
July 31, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766056/-anesthesia-management-in-microsurgical-reconstructions
#8
A Rand, M Ayoub, C H Meyer-Frießem, P K Zahn, M Bauer
Microsurgical procedures for construction of anastomoses present new challenges for anesthetists in the perioperative setting. Despite their increasing importance, so far no perioperative management guidelines for these patients existed. Anesthetists can influence the success of surgery (e. g. successful perfusion of a flap) via an optimal preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative approach. Patients should be carefully evaluated preoperatively for increased risks to avoid poor postoperative outcomes...
August 1, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736841/outcomes-of-blalock-taussig-shunts-in-current-era-a-single-center-experience
#9
Navaneetha Sasikumar, Antony Hermuzi, Chun-Po Steve Fan, Kyong-Jin Lee, Rajiv Chaturvedi, Edward Hickey, Osami Honjo, Glen S Van Arsdell, Christopher A Caldarone, Arnav Agarwal, Lee Benson
OBJECTIVES: Mortality associated with the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) remains high despite advanced perioperative management. This study was formulated to provide data on (1) current indications, (2) outcomes, and (3) factors affecting mortality and morbidity. DESIGN: A retrospective single center chart review identified 95 children (excluding hypoplastic left heart lesions) requiring a MBTS. Mortality and major morbidity were analyzed using the Kaplan Meier method and risk factor analysis using Cox's proportional hazard regression...
July 24, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731875/management-of-complex-spine-surgery
#10
Massimo Lamperti, Boris Tufegdzic, Rafi Avitsian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The main objective of this article is to present the updated data regarding the perioperative management of patients undergoing major spine surgery in an era where the surgical techniques are changing and there is a high demand for these surgeries in older and high-risk patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Preoperative assessment and stabilization is now more structured protocol and it is based on a multidisciplinary approach to the patient. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs and the Perioperative Surgical Home on major spine surgery are not yet fully evidence based but it seems that the use of a perioperative optimization of patients and use of a drugs' bundle is more effective than using single drugs or interventions on the postoperative pain reduction and faster recovery from surgery...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728322/perioperative-hypertension-management-during-facelift-under-local-anesthesia-with-intravenous-hypnotics
#11
Ki Ho Chung, Myeong Soo Cho, Hoon Jin
Perioperative hypertension is a phenomenon in which a surgical patient's blood pressure temporarily increases throughout the preoperative and postoperative periods and remains high until the patient's condition stabilizes. This phenomenon requires immediate treatment not only because it is observed in a majority of patients who are not diagnosed with high blood pressure, but also because occurs in patients with underlying essential hypertension who show a sharp increase in their blood pressure. The most common complication following facelift surgery is hematoma, and the most critical risk factor that causes hematoma is elevated systolic blood pressure...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723765/perioperative-management-of-intracardiac-leiomyomatosis-an-observational-cohort-study
#12
Jiaying Xu, Min Wei, Qi Miao, Bin Zhu, Chunhua Yu, Yuguang Huang
Intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICLM) is a rare condition in which the benign tumor extends into the right heart chambers through inferior vena cava. The best surgical approach still remains unclear.We present a retrospective cohort of 36 patients diagnosed with ICLM in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2016.The mean patient age was 44.5 (range 25-55) years. The clinical manifestations were various, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, edema of the lower extremities, palpitations, syncope, etc...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719887/anesthetic-management-of-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-crs-hipec-the-importance-of-hydro-electrolytic-and-acid-basic-control
#13
Fabrício Tavares Mendonça, Marília Moreira Guimarães, Sérgio Honorato de Matos, Rúbia Garcia Dusi
JUSTIFICATION AND OBJECTIVES: Patients affected by gynecological or gastrointestinal tract neoplasms that evolve to peritoneal carcinomatosis experience a significant drop in their quality of life, high morbidity and short survival times with currently available chemotherapeutic schemes. The surgical treatment based on cytoreduction and the employment of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the intra-operative period is a true challenge to anesthesiologist. CASE REPORT: A 67 years old patient diagnosed with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the Appendix associated with mucinous carcinomatosis, was submitted to cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), under general anesthesia and epidural block...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717870/laparoscopic-liver-resections-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-can-we-extend-the-surgical-indication-in-cirrhotic-patients
#14
Federica Cipriani, Corrado Fantini, Francesca Ratti, Roberto Lauro, Hadrien Tranchart, Mark Halls, Vincenzo Scuderi, Leonid Barkhatov, Bjorn Edwin, Roberto I Troisi, Ibrahim Dagher, Paolo Reggiani, Giulio Belli, Luca Aldrighetti, Mohammad Abu Hilal
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the value of laparoscopic liver resections (LLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and severe cirrhosis is still lacking. The aim of this study is to assess surgical and oncological outcomes of LLR in cirrhotic HCC patients. METHODS: The analysis included 403 LLR for HCC from seven European centres. 333 cirrhotic and 70 non-cirrhotic patients were compared. A matched comparison was performed between 100 Child-Pugh A and 25 Child-Pugh B patients...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717057/glucose-variability-based-on-continuous-glucose-monitoring-assessment-is-associated-with-postoperative-complications-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#15
Hiroki Sato, Michihiro Hosojima, Tomomi Ishikawa, Kenji Aoki, Takeshi Okamoto, Akihiko Saito, Masanori Tsuchida
PURPOSE: This purpose of this prospective study was to use a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system to evaluate the suitability of our institution's glucose management protocol after cardiovascular surgery and to clarify the impact of glycemic variability on postoperative complications. METHODS: In all, 76 patients who underwent elective cardiovascular surgery and were monitored perioperatively using a CGM system were evaluated. Postoperative glucose management consisted of continuous intravenous insulin infusion (CIII) in the intensive care unit, and subcutaneous insulin injections (SQII) after oral food intake started...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715066/comparison-of-phenoxybenzamine-and-doxazosin-in-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-pheochromocytoma
#16
Klaudia Malec, Piotr Miśkiewicz, Agnieszka Witkowska, Ewa Krajewska, Sadegh Toutounchi, Zbigniew Gałązka, Mariusz Piotrowski, Agata Kącka, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Urszula Ambroziak
BACKGROUND: adrenalectomy with preoperative pharmacological preparation is strongly recommended in patients diagnosed with pheochromocytoma in order to prevent perioperative complications. AIM: to compare phenoxybenzamine and doxazosin in terms of perioperative hemodynamic status in patients with pheochromocytoma prepared to adrenalectomy. METHODS: retrospective analysis of 44 patients with pheochromocytoma (aged 16-80 yr, female-29) who underwent adrenalectomy...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710563/an-observational-study-examining-the-effects-of-a-surgically-induced-inflammatory-response-on-the-distribution-of-morphine-and-its-metabolites-into-cerebrospinal-fluid
#17
Yan Wang, Kerry B Goralski, Derek J Roberts, Kathryn Landry, Mark E Issa, Lekha Sleno, Lisa C Julien, Jeremy Wood, Richard I Hall
PURPOSE: Morphine is administered intravenously for pain management in the perioperative period. The effect of the inflammatory response to surgery on morphine distribution across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in humans was investigated. We hypothesized that a graded surgically induced, systemic inflammatory response alters cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G), and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) through a temporary reduction in BBB drug efflux transporter function...
July 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701857/laparoscopic-single-site-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-a-self-fixating-mesh
#18
Alfredo D Guerron, Hui-Jie Lee, Jin Yoo, Keri Seymour, Ranjan Sudan, Dana Portenier, Chan Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Every year ∼20 million inguinal hernia repairs are completed worldwide. Increased patient access to medical information and education has elicited interest in minimally invasive surgical techniques that obtain improved surgical outcomes and cosmesis. Because of these factors, there is a growing interest in single-incision surgery. Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) single-incision hernia repair technique has been reported with different meshes used in a tack fixation system...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697860/multimodal-nutritional-management-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Guorui Cao, Qiang Huang, Bin Xu, Zeyu Huang, Jinwei Xie, Fuxing Pei
BACKGROUND: This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of a new multimodal nutritional management (MNM) on albumin (ALB) transfusion, the incidence of electrolyte disorders, blood loss, perioperative levels of ALB and electrolyte, length of hospital stay (LOH), and complications in patients following total knee arthroplasty without tourniquet. METHODS: A total of 162 patients were randomized to receive either the MNM protocol (n = 81, experimental group) or traditional protocol (n = 81, control group)...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694595/minimally-invasive-separation-surgery-plus-adjuvsant-stereotactic-radiotherapy-in-the-management-of-spinal-epidural-metastases
#20
Mazda K Turel, Mena G Kerolus, John E O'Toole
AIM: This study aimed to describe the application of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in separation surgery combined with postoperative stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with symptomatic metastatic epidural spinal disease. METHODS: Three techniques are described: (1) MIS posterior separation surgery alone, (2) MIS posterolateral separation surgery with percutaneous pedicle screw placement, and (3) MIS lateral corpectomy with percutaneous pedicle screw placement...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
keyword
keyword
59547
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"