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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331362/anesthesia-for-the-patient-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-current-status-and-future-prospects
#1
REVIEW
Zachary A Turnbull, Dahniel Sastow, Gregory P Giambrone, Tiffany Tedore
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become one of the most common orthopedic surgical procedures performed nationally. As the population and surgical techniques for TKAs have evolved over time, so have the anesthesia and analgesia used for these procedures. General anesthesia has been the dominant form of anesthesia utilized for TKA in the past, but regional anesthetic techniques are on the rise. Multiple studies have shown the potential for regional anesthesia to improve patient outcomes, such as a decrease in intraoperative blood loss, length of stay, and patient mortality...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325537/midline-extraperitoneal-approach-to-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-in-testicular-cancer-minimizing-surgical-morbidity
#2
Sumeet Syan-Bhanvadia, Soroush T Bazargani, Thomas G Clifford, Jie Cai, Gus Miranda, Siamak Daneshmand
BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is an important component of the management of testicular germ cell tumor (GCT) but carries significant surgical morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with a midline extraperitoneal (EP) approach to RPLND for seminomatous and nonseminomatous GCT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From 2010 to 2015, 122 consecutive patients underwent RPLND from a prospective database. Patients requiring aortic resection or retrocrural dissection or with intraperitoneal disease were excluded...
March 18, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321971/risk-factors-for-perioperative-mortality-and-transfusion-in-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-resections
#3
Rebecca S Isserman, Olivia Nelson, Kha M Tran, Lingyu Cai, Marcia Polansky, Julia M Rosenbloom, Theodora K Goebel, Elaina E Lin
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal teratomas are a common congenital tumor. Surgical resection can occur in utero, in the neonatal period, or in the postneonatal period. AIMS: We describe patient and tumor factors associated with mortality and transfusion in this population. METHODS: We did a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent sacrococcygeal teratoma resection between January 1998 and March 2016. Demographic data, transfusion data, and tumor characteristics were collected...
March 21, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314985/the-role-of-new-oral-anticoagulants-in-orthopaedics-an-update-of-recent-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Dimitrios V Papadopoulos, Ioannis Kostas-Agnantis, Ioannis Gkiatas, Andreas G Tsantes, Panagiota Ziara, Anastasios V Korompilias
Rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban and edoxaban are the four available new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) which are currently approved for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after total hip and knee replacement. Large phase 3 and phase 4 studies comparing NOAC with low molecular weight heparins have shown similar results regarding the efficacy and safety of these two categories of anticoagulants. Management of bleeding complications is a matter of great significance. Three reversal agents have been developed: idarucizumab, andexanet alfa and ciraparantag...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301888/geburtshilfe-an%C3%A3-sthesie-bei-fetaler-chirurgie
#5
Emmanuel Schneck, Christian Koch, Christoph Arens, Rainer Schürg, Thomas Zajonz, Anastasiia Khaleeva, Thomas Kohl, Markus A Weigand, Michael Sander
Due to the responsibility for the mother and the unborn child, fetal surgery represents a challenging task for the anesthesiologist. Maternal changes during pregnancy have to be considered as well as the fetal physiology and the surgeon's needs. Main principles of the anesthesiological management of fetal surgery include the stabilization of the mean arterial pressure in order to preserve a sufficient placental blood flow, sustainment of an adequate oxygenation and ventilation as well as thorough temperature surveillance...
March 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289613/effect-of-perioperative-management-on-outcome-of-patients-after-craniosynostosis-surgery
#6
Abdoljalil Kalantar Hormozi, Nastaran Mahdavi, Mohammad Mehdi Foroozanfar, Seyed Sajad Razavi, Razavi Mohajerani, Ahmad Eghbali, Amir Ali Mafi, Haleh Hashemzadeh, Alireza Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis results from premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, leading to deformed calvaria and craniofacial skeleton at birth. Postoperative complications and outcome in intensive care unit (ICU) is related to surgical method and perioperative management. This study determined the perioperative risk factors, which affect outcome of patients after craniosynostosis surgery. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 178 patients with craniosynostosis who underwent primary cranial reconstruction were included...
January 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281740/comparison-of-laparoendoscopic-single-site-less-and-multiport-laparoscopic-radical-nephrectomy-for-clinical-t1b-and-t2a-renal-masses
#7
Abd-El R Hassan, Omer A Raheem, Sean Berquist, Alp T Beksac, Aaron Bloch, Charles Field, Hak J Lee, Reza Mehrazin, Marc Holden, Michelle McDONALD, Zachary Hamilton, Michael Liss, Ithaar H Derweesh
BACKGROUND: To compare outcomes of Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) and multiport laparoscopic (MPL) Radical Nephrectomy (RN) for clinical T1b/T2a renal masses, as concerns continue regarding suitability and benefit of LESS for larger renal masses. METHODS: Retrospective single-surgeon comparison of LESS- and MPL-RN between 7/2005 and 11/2014. 63 patients underwent LESS-RN (44 cT1b/19 cT2a); 133 underwent MPL (83 cT1b/50 cT2a). All patients were managed with a standardized care pathway...
March 10, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272199/a-case-report-of-perioperative-managements-for-a-patient-with-gastric-cancer-and-cold-agglutinin-syndrome
#8
Ning Xu, Shuli Guo, Jianchun Yu, Yufen Ma
RATIONALE: Gastric cancer patient with cold agglutinin syndrome (CAS) is an extremely rare entity. This kind of patients is very sensitive to the environment, and they always need scrupulous perioperative treatment, however the experience of perioperative treatment for these patients has been seldom reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 54-year-old male. He suffered diarrhea for 3 months, and later the gastroscopy found a tumor located in the gastric antrum and the biopsy was performed...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262449/impact-of-the-zika-virus-for-anesthesiologists-a-review-of-current-literature-and-practices
#9
REVIEW
Benjamin J Heller, Menachem M Weiner, Joshua A Heller
Zika virus disease is of growing concern to all clinicians. There is a growing concern with regards to the neurologic sequela of the virus, particularly for infants born to women infected while pregnant. The continued spread of this virus throughout North and South America requires all anesthesiologists to maintain vigilance on this issue. This article addresses some of the key issues that pertain to anesthesiologists with regards to the Zika virus including the risks of perioperative management of patients with Zika virus...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261878/hemodynamic-and-perioperative-management-in-two-different-preclinical-pig-to-baboon-cardiac-xenotransplantation-models
#10
Tanja Mayr, Andreas Bauer, Bruno Reichart, Sonja Guethoff, Uwe Schoenmann, Matthias Längin, Alessandro Panelli, Alexander Kind, Paolo Brenner, Jan-Michael Abicht
BACKGROUND: The perioperative phase of preclinical cardiac xenotransplantations significantly affects the experimental outcome. Moderate or even severe hemodynamic and respiratory impairment occurs frequently in baboons after receiving a cardiac transplant. The perioperative management of such postoperative instability is very demanding, especially in the experimental setting. We compared perioperative changes of hemodynamic and laboratory findings during orthotopic and heterotopic thoracic cardiac xenotransplantations and describe our monitoring, treatment and intensive care...
March 5, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260994/risk-factors-for-intraoperative-massive-transfusion-in-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-multivariate-analysis
#11
Seok-Joon Jin, Sun-Key Kim, Seong-Soo Choi, Keum Nae Kang, Chang Joon Rhyu, Shin Hwang, Sung-Gyu Lee, Jung-Man Namgoong, Young-Kug Kim
Background: Pediatric liver transplantation (LT) is strongly associated with increased intraoperative blood transfusion requirement and postoperative morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we aimed to assess the risk factors associated with massive transfusion in pediatric LT, and examined the effect of massive transfusion on the postoperative outcomes. Methods: We enrolled pediatric patients who underwent LT between December 1994 and June 2015. Massive transfusion was defined as the administration of red blood cells ≥100% of the total blood volume during LT...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260430/anesthetic-and-perioperative-management-of-nontransplant-surgery-in-patients-after-liver-transplant
#12
Zeynep Ersoy, Asude Ayhan, Aycan Ozdemirkan, Gulsi Gulsah Polat, Pinar Zeyneloglu, Gulnaz Arslan, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to document the anesthetic management and metabolic, hemodynamic, and clinical outcomes of liver-graft recipients who subsequently undergo nontransplant surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 96 liver-graft recipients who underwent 144 nontransplant surgeries between October 1998 and April 2016 at Başkent University Hospital. RESULTS: The median patient age at the time of nontransplant surgery was 32 years, and 35% were female (n = 33)...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256333/-the-effect-of-two-different-glycemic-management-protocols-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-in-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#13
Pinar Kurnaz, Zerrin Sungur, Emre Camci, Nukhet Sivrikoz, Gunseli Orhun, Mert Senturk, Omer Sayin, Emin Tireli, Hakan Gurvit
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is an adverse outcome of surgery that is more common after open heart procedures. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of tightly controlled blood glucose levels during coronary artery surgery on early and late cognitive decline. METHODS: 40 patients older than 50 years undergoing elective coronary surgery were randomized into two groups. In the "Tight Control" group (GI), the glycemia was maintained between 80 and 120mgdL(-1) while in the "Liberal" group (GII), it ranged between 80-180mgdL(-1)...
February 27, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243790/prospective-randomized-study-comparing-monopolar-with-bipolar-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-in-benign-prostatic-obstruction-36-month-outcomes
#14
Samer Fathi Al-Rawashdah, Antonio Luigi Pastore, Yazan Al Salhi, Andrea Fuschi, Vincenzo Petrozza, Angela Maurizi, Ester Illiano, Elisabetta Costantini, Giovanni Palleschi, Antonio Carbone
OBJECTIVES: Monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the gold standard surgical treatment for bothersome moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostate obstruction. The aim of the study is to compare monopolar versus bipolar TURP focusing on operative and functional outcomes, and evaluating complications with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: From January 2007 to July 2014, a total of 497 patients were randomized and prospectively scheduled to undergo bipolar (251) or monopolar (246) TURP...
February 27, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243380/patient-reported-outcomes-from-sacroiliac-joint-fusion
#15
Vamsi K Kancherla, Shane M McGowan, Brittany N Audley, Gbolabo Sokunbi, Steven T Puccio
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case series. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine morbidity, complications, and patient reported outcomes from minimally invasive sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Lumbar back pain emanating from the SIJ can be surgically treated via a percutaneous approach in the appropriately selected patient with minimal morbidity and acceptable functional outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed by >2 physical examination maneuvers and subjective relief from a computed tomography-guided lidocaine-bupivacaine-steroid injection underwent SIJ fusion after failing conservative management with a combination of oral anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and pelvic belt stabilization...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240466/liberal-transfusion-strategies-still-the-trend-in-burn-surgery
#16
N L Allorto, M D T Smith, D L Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Blood is a limited resource in middle-income countries such as South Africa. Transfusion is associated with complications and expense. We aimed to understand our transfusion practices in burn surgery as well as ascertain the opinion of a broader group of surgeons and anaesthetists regarding transfusion triggers in order to understand the rationale and bias that drives current transfusion practice in our setting. METHOD: Firstly, we investigated the current blood practices at our regional burn service through an audit of perioperative notes for all patients receiving packed cell transfusions in a 24-month period...
September 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240464/severe-post-pancreatoduodenectomy-haemorrhage-an-analytical-review-based-on-118-consecutive-pancreatoduodenectomy-patients-in-a-south-african-academic-hospital
#17
M M Bernon, J E J Krige, E Jonas, J C Kloppers, S Burmeister, N G Naidoo, S J Beningfield
BACKGROUND: Bleeding after a major pancreatic resection, although uncommon, has serious implications and substantial mortality rates. AIM: To analyse our experience with severe post-pancreatoduodenectomy haemorrhage (PPH) over the last 7 years to establish the incidence, causes, intervention required and outcome. METHOD: All patients who underwent a pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) between January 2008 and December 2015 were identified from a prospectively maintained database...
September 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238489/laparoscopy-vs-robotic-surgery-for-endometriosis-larose-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Enrique Soto, Thanh Ha Luu, Xiaobo Liu, Javier F Magrina, Megan N Wasson, Jon I Einarsson, Sarah L Cohen, Tommaso Falcone
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of the robot for surgical treatment of endometriosis is better than traditional laparoscopy in terms of operative length, perioperative parameters, and quality of life outcomes. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: University teaching hospitals. PATIENT(S): Women aged >18 years with suspected endometriosis who elected to undergo surgical management. INTERVENTION(S): Randomization to conventional or robot-assisted laparoscopic removal of endometriosis...
February 23, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235532/massive-blood-loss-in-elective-spinal-and-orthopedic-surgery-retrospective-review-of-intraoperative-transfusion-strategy
#19
Demicha Rankin, Alix Zuleta-Alarcon, Suren Soghomonyan, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Karina Castellon-Larios, Sergio D Bergese
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perioperative dynamics of hematologic changes and transfusion ratio in patients undergoing a major spinal surgery accompanied with massive bleeding defined as blood loss >5 liters. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Adult patients who underwent elective neurosurgical, orthopedic, or combined spinal surgical procedure between 2008 and 2012...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229197/minimally-invasive-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-vs-standard-pcnl-for-management-of-renal-stones-in-the-flank-free-modified-supine-position-single-center-experience
#20
Ahmed Sakr, Emad Salem, Mostafa Kamel, Esam Desoky, Ahmed Ragab, Mohamed Omran, Amr Fawzi, Ashraf Shahin
To assess the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) as compared to standard PCNL (sPCNL) for management of 2-3-cm renal stones in the flank-free modified supine position. Between September 2010 and December 2013, 150 patients (168 renal units) with 2-3-cm renal stones were prospectively randomized into two treatment groups; Group A (75 patients/87 renal units) treated by mPCNL and Group B (75 patients/81 renal units) treated by sPCNL. In both groups, the patients were placed in the flank-free modified supine position...
February 22, 2017: Urolithiasis
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