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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347306/accessibility-of-long-term-family-planning-methods-a-comparison-study-between-output-based-approach-oba-clients-verses-non-oba-clients-in-the-voucher-supported-facilities-in-kenya
#1
Boniface Oyugi, Urbanus Kioko, Stephen Mbugua Kaboro, Shadrack Gikonyo, Clarice Okumu, Sarah Ogola-Munene, Shaminder Kalsi, Simon Thiani, Julius Korir, Paul Odundo, Billy Baltazaar, Moses Ranji, Nicholas Muraguri, Charles Nzioka
BACKGROUND: The study seeks to evaluate the difference in access of long-term family planning (LTFP) methods among the output based approach (OBA) and non-OBA clients within the OBA facility. METHODS: The study utilises a quasi experimental design. A two tailed unpaired t-test with unequal variance is used to test for the significance variation in the mean access. The difference in difference (DiD) estimates of program effect on long term family planning methods is done to estimate the causal effect by exploiting the group level difference on two or more dimensions...
March 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284221/uptake-of-hormonal-contraceptives-and-correlates-of-uptake-in-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial-in-rural-south-western-uganda
#2
Andrew Abaasa, Mitzy Gafos, Zacchaeus Anywaine, Andrew Nunn, Angela Crook, Jonathan Levin, Sheena McCormack, Anatoli Kamali
BACKGROUND: Use of a reliable contraception method has become an inclusion criterion in prevention trials to minimize time off product. We report on hormonal contraceptive prevalence, uptake, sustained use and correlates of use in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP 301) trial at the Masaka Centre in Uganda. METHODS: HIV negative women in sero-discordant relationships were enrolled and followed-up for 52 to 104 weeks from 2005 to 2009. Contraceptive use data was collected through self-report at baseline and dispensing records during follow-up...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256917/lidocaine-gel-vs-lidocaine-spray-in-reducing-pain-during-insertion-of-the-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#3
Haitham Torky, Asem Moussa, El-Sayed El-Desouky, Osama Dief, Ali Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the pain-relieving effect of intracervical lidocaine gel with that of lidocaine spray or no local anaesthesia in decreasing pain during insertion of the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). METHODS: In a prospective multicentre non-randomised comparative study design, 420 women were divided into three groups of 140 and fitted with the same type of IUCD. Group 1 received cervical lidocaine gel, group 2 received cervical lidocaine spray and group 3 received no topical anaesthesia...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216944/ureteric-erosion-and-obstruction-a-rare-but-dreaded-complication-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#4
Vinod Priyadarshi, Nidhi Sehgal, Dipanwita Sen
Though intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a safe and most frequently used long-term contraceptive method, it has some complications. Uterine perforation and intra-abdominal migration have been reported often, but a retroperitoneal migration is exceptional. Here, we are reporting an IUCD which perforated the uterus and migrated to the retroperitoneum; impinging into and obstructing left ureter causing severe hydroureteronephrosis due to the development of the left lower ureteric stricture.
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065971/an-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-where-did-we-find-it-after-29-years-of-insertion-a-case-report
#5
Liana Ples, Romina Marina Sima, Cristina Moisei, Cringu Antoniu Ionescu
Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) are one of the most popular and modern means of contraception used worldwide. Some described complications include perforation, infection and ectopic pregnancy. Herein we report an uncommon complication of IUCD: perforation and migration in the terminal ileum. A 56-year-old woman presented to our institution with lower abdominal pain. She had had an IUCD placed 29 years previously. The IUCD was inserted in unsafe conditions since then it was prohibited in Romanian to use any contraception device or pills...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012984/virulence-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profile-of-extraintestinal-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-an-avian-colisepticemia-outbreak
#6
Jonas Fernandes Maciel, Letícia Beatriz Matter, Michele Martins Trindade, Giovana Camillo, Maristela Lovato, Sônia de Ávila Botton, Agueda Castagna de Vargas
In this study an avian colisepticemia outbreak was investigated. Two isolates from a chicken with colisepticemia were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence factors profile. For this purpose 7 antimicrobial and 29 genes (fimH, hrlA/hek, iha, papC, sfa/focCD, tsh, mat, tia, gimB, ibeA, chuA, fyuA, ireA, iroN, irp2, iucD, sitD. chr., sitD. ep., iss, neuC, ompA, traT, astA, hlyA, sat, vat, pic, malX, cvi/cva) were tested. The outbreak happened in a hick chicken breeding located in the northwestern region of Rio Grande do Sul state in South of Brazil and caused 28...
February 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810213/comparison-between-avian-pathogenic-apec-and-avian-faecal-afec-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-different-regions-in-brazil
#7
F Silveira, R P Maluta, M R Tiba, J B de Paiva, E A L Guastalli, W D da Silveira
Detection and analysis of virulence-associated genes (VAGs) of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) may be helpful to distinguish pathogenic from commensal faecal strains (AFEC). The aim of this study was to characterise 120 isolates of avian Escherichia coli, comprising 91 APEC (from diseased birds) and 29 AFEC (from healthy chickens), collected in Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis and in vivo pathogenicity testing was performed on 38 VAGs. The VAGs iucD, iutA, iroN, fepC, ompT, cvi and hlyF were statistically associated with medium and high pathogenicity (MP/HP) strains...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796939/a-new-endoscopic-method-of-retrieval-of-a-migrated-and-transmurally-embedded-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-in-the-rectum
#8
T S Chandrasekar, B J Gokul, K Raja Yogesh, S Sathiamoorthy, M S Prasad, T C Viveksandeep, M Ahmed Ali
A 45-year-old lady presented with left lower quadrant abdominal pain and hematochezia of 1 month duration. She had Copper-T, an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) inserted in the immediate post-partum period 25 years ago elsewhere and was lost to follow up. CT abdomen done 2 weeks earlier before reporting to us revealed a migrated and translocated IUCD embedded in the right lateral wall of the rectum. On colonoscopy, an area of friable mucosal nodule was noticed in the right lateral wall 10 cm from the anal verge but the IUCD was not visible intraluminally...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789334/clustered-regularly-interspaced-short-palindromic-repeat-crispr-diversity-and-virulence-factor-distribution-in-avian-escherichia-coli
#9
Qiang Fu, Zhixin Su, Yuqiang Cheng, Zhaofei Wang, Shiyu Li, Heng'an Wang, Jianhe Sun, Yaxian Yan
In order to investigate the diverse characteristics of clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) arrays and the distribution of virulence factor genes in avian Escherichia coli, 80 E. coli isolates obtained from chickens with avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) or avian fecal commensal E. coli (AFEC) were identified. Using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), five genes were subjected to phylogenetic typing and examined for CRISPR arrays to study genetic relatedness among the strains...
February 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638008/influence-of-contraceptive-choice-on-vaginal-bacterial-and-fungal-microflora
#10
G Donders, G Bellen, D Janssens, B Van Bulck, P Hinoul, J Verguts
The influence of contraception on vaginal microflora can have a major impact on the risk of developing acute or recurrent vaginal infections, but also may influence the risk of acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STI) such as HIV. A cohort of 248 women presenting for levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion or reinsertion were stratified according to their current contraceptive method. Information concerning their menstrual pattern and data about the medical history were collected...
January 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631023/immediate-postpartum-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-insertions-in-caesarean-and-vaginal-deliveries-a-comparative-study-of-follow-up-outcomes
#11
Reetu Hooda, Sonika Mann, Smiti Nanda, Anjali Gupta, Hemant More, Jaikrit Bhutani
Background. Immediate postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (IPPIUCD) is a lucrative postpartum family planning method which provides effective reversible contraception to women in the delivery setting. Our aim was to study the clinical outcomes of IPPIUCD insertions and compare them as a factor of route of insertion (vaginal versus caesarean). Methods. This is a retrospective analytical study done in a tertiary care teaching institute. A Cohort of 593 vaginal and caesarean deliveries with IPPIUCD insertions, over a two-year period, was studied and compared for follow-up results...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558642/iucd-inserted-after-first-trimester-abortion-an-observational-study-of-100-cases
#12
Swati Gupta, Shashi Prateek, Renuka Sinha, Saritha Shamsunder, M K Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468027/characterization-of-virulence-genes-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-lung-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-forest-musk-deer-moschus-berezovskii
#13
Xi Luo, Peng Wang, Jian-guo Cheng, Yan Luo, Lei Dai, Xin Zhou, Li-kou Zou, Bei Li, Jiu-Jin Xiao
This study investigated genotypic diversity, 26 virulence genes, and antimicrobial susceptibility of lung pathogenic Escherichia coli (LPEC) isolated from forest musk deer. Associations between virulence factors (VFs) and phylogenetic group, between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and phylogenetic group, and between AMR and VFs were subsequently assessed. The results showed 30 LPEC isolated were grouped into seven different clusters (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G). The detection rates of crl (90%), kpsMT II (76.67%), mat (76...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375727/trends-of-contraception-among-ladies-of-local-population-in-pakistan-why-how-when-and-what
#14
Khaula Atif, Afeera Afsheen, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Saleem Asif Niazi, Habib Ullah Khan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends of use of methods of contraception along with study of impact of various demographic and social factors on contraception in Peshawar, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with random purposive sampling was conducted at Combined Military Hospital Peshawar, from Mar 2015-Nov 2015. Self-designed questionnaire with demographic details and questions pertinent to contraceptive practices was utilized as study instrument. Females reporting to concerned hospital for contraceptive advice and prescription were distributed with questionnaire and written informed consent form...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348207/virulence-genes-and-the-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-wild-waterbirds-in-the-netherlands-and-poland
#15
Maciej Kuczkowski, Marta Krawiec, Berend Voslamber, Marta Książczyk, Gabriela Płoskońska-Bugla, Alina Wieliczko
Affiliation to four phylogroups (A, B1, B2, and D) was examined, among 190 Escherichia coli strains, collected from five, wild waterbird species, including the following: the Greylag goose-Anser anser (61) and the Canada goose-Branta canadensis (33) obtained in the Netherlands, and the Mallard-Anas platyrhynchos (38), the Mute swan-Cygnus olor (37), and the Great cormorant-Phalacrocorax carbo (21) obtained in Poland. Moreover, the prevalence of 10 virulence factors: astA, iss, iucD, irp2, papC, tsh, vat, cva/cvi, stx2f, and bfp, as well as antimicrobial susceptibility to amoxicillin, enrofloxacin, and tetracycline (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] using E-tests) were investigated, in the examined E...
August 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258947/antimicrobial-resistance-and-virulence-factors-of-escherichia-coli-in-cheese-made-from-unpasteurized-milk-in-three-cities-in-brazil
#16
Laryssa Freitas Ribeiro, Mayhara Martins Cordeiro Barbosa, Fernanda de Rezende Pinto, Renato Pariz Maluta, Mônica Costa Oliveira, Viviane de Souza, Maria Izabel Merino de Medeiros, Lucimara Antonio Borges, Luiz Augusto do Amaral, John Morris Fairbrother
The production of cheeses from unpasteurized milk is still widespread in Brazil, even with a legal ban imposed on its marketing. The manufacture of this cheese is a public health problem, due to the use of raw milk and the poor hygienic conditions throughout the supply chain process. Contamination may occur from several sources and involve several different pathogenic microorganisms, such as Escherichia coli. The latter can cause different clinical manifestations depending on the pathotype involved. Furthermore, some isolates manifest antimicrobial resistance and may be a risk for public health...
September 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018103/image-of-the-month-endoscopic-removal-of-an-iucd-migrated-into-the-rectum
#17
K Vinayachandran Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997308/comparison-between-the-traditional-non-guided-and-a-novel-ultrasound-guided-technique-for-office-fitting-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices
#18
Mervat S Elsedeek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a novel method for in-office fitting of intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) by comparing it to the traditional non-guided technique. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comparing the application of intrauterine contraceptives was conducted between January 1, 2013 and January 31, 2015 at a university contraception clinic, in Alexandria, Egypt. Patients aged 20-45years who were parous, had previously undergone vaginal or abdominal deliveries, and were requesting device insertion were included...
June 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976911/detection-of-virulence-associated-genes-in-pathogenic-and-commensal-avian-escherichia-coli-isolates
#19
A C Paixão, A C Ferreira, M Fontes, P Themudo, T Albuquerque, M C Soares, M Fevereiro, L Martins, M I Corrêa de Sá
Poultry colibacillosis due to Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is responsible for several extra-intestinal pathological conditions, leading to serious economic damage in poultry production. The most commonly associated pathologies are airsacculitis, colisepticemia, and cellulitis in broiler chickens, and salpingitis and peritonitis in broiler breeders. In this work a total of 66 strains isolated from dead broiler breeders affected with colibacillosis and 61 strains from healthy broilers were studied...
July 1, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894092/a-cross-sectional-study-on-acceptability-and-safety-of-iucd-among-postpartum-mothers-at-tertiary-care-hospital-telangana
#20
Sangeetha Jairaj, Sridhar Dayyala
INTRODUCTION: India is world's 2(nd) largest populated country. It is first to introduce family planning services. IUCD is most effective, safe, long acting and do not interfere with coitus. Immediately or within 72 hours after delivery of placenta in a health care facility is convenient for those who are in outreach area, where family planning facilities are less available. OBJECTIVES: To study the socio demographic profile of parturients attended to obstetric ward for delivery...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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