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Barbara Gaußmann, Claudia Hess, Beatrice Grafl, Mercedes Kovacs, Salome Troxler, Beatrix Stessl, Michael Hess, Surya Paudel
The pheno- and genotypic relatedness among Escherichia coli isolates from broilers with and without macroscopic lesions on the femoral head were investigated. In total, 219 isolates obtained from the bone marrow were characterized by serotyping, antimicrobial resistance profiles (AMR), phylogenetic grouping, detection of virulence-associated genes (VAG) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Serotyping revealed that 48.4% of the isolates were assigned to one of the three serotypes (O78:K80: 21.0%, O2:K1: 18...
February 16, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Parul Sinha, Nidhi Yadav, Uma Gupta
Purpose of the Study: To assess the efficacy of hysteroscopy in diagnosis of AUB. Method: A total of 56 women in reproductive and peri-menopausal age group (20-50 years) with complaints of abnormal uterine bleeding were enrolled in the study. All the patients underwent hysteroscopic examination followed by biopsy/histopathological evaluation. Hysteroscopic findings were compared against histopathological findings. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of hysteroscopy were calculated...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Hamid Staji, Pietro Badagliacca, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Federica Lopes, Mariangela Iorio, Alfreda Tonelli, Luc Masson
An oligonucleotide DNA microarray targeting 348 virulence factors and genetic markers was used in the pathotyping, serotyping and phylogrouping of 51 Escherichia coli strains isolated from faecal samples. The samples were collected from diarrhoeic 1 to 30 days old calves located at 14 farms in the Tehran province, Iran. Positive microarray signals for genes encoding the Locus of Enterocyte E acement (LEE), the Type III Secretion System (TTSS), and the absence of EPEC adherence factor (EAF) permitted the pathotyping of 25 strains as atypical Enteropathogenic (aEPEC) or Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC)...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Venkatarao Epari, Lipilekha Patnaik, Deepa Prasad, Trilochan Sahu, Arunkiran Soodireddy, Arabinda Acharya
BACKGROUND: As a part of a larger study for evaluating the effectiveness of a community-based family welfare program, this study assessed the contraceptive behavior of couples preceding sterilization and termination of pregnancies, if any during the interim period. METHODS: During May-June 2013, a cross-sectional study was undertaken in three districts of Odisha, an eastern state of India with poor maternal health indicators. Using a 15 × 14 cluster design with probability proportionate to size sampling 15 village clusters from each district were selected...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Pushpa Bhawan Mal, Irum Rafiq, Irim Iftikhar, Seema Irfan
We report a case of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) related pelvic abscess caused by a challenging to grow anaerobic Gram positive rod named Eggerthella lenta. A middle aged lady presented with complaints of lower abdomen pain, intermittent vaginal bleeding since two weeks. Ultrasound of abdomen and pelvis showed right adnexal mass involving fallopian tubes, right ovary and gut omentum. She underwent removal of adnexal mass and total abdominal hysterectomy and was treated empirically with vancomycin, ciprofloxacin and metronidazole...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Evalyne Wambui Kanyina, Lucy Kamau, Margaret Muturi
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the predominant cancer among women in Kenya and second most common in women in developing regions. Population-based cytological screening and early treatment reduces morbidity and mortality associated with the cancer. We determined the occurrence of cervical precancerous changes and cervical microbial infections (Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, Neisseria gonorrhea and Actinomyces) among women attending Family Health Option Kenya (FHOK) clinic in Thika...
September 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Khushboo Garg, Anjali Khare, Rani Bansal, Sangeeta Sharma, Neha Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: The vaginal flora of healthy adult women of reproductive age group constitutes predominantly Lactobacilli which inhibits the growth of other microorganisms (by maintaining acidic pH). The vaginal microflora is altered in favour of anaerobes in women using Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD). Also, it can cause morphologic changes in both squamous and endocervical columnar cells. Similarly, the prevalence of vaginal lactobacilli is reduced among women using diaphragm-spermicide or spermicide alone...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Amit Sharma, Mukund Andankar, Hemant Pathak
Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) are a common form of reversible contraception owing to fewer systemic side effects and low cost, especially in a developing country like India. However, IUCDs are not without complications. Migration of a device into adjacent organs is the most morbid of all the documented complications. A patient who presents with a history that suggests loss or disappearance of an IUCD thread associated with urinary symptoms should raise suspicions that a device may have migrated into the bladder...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Deepti Goswami, Anoosha K Ravi, Akanksha Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sujnanendra Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Using an intrauterine device (IUD) is many times safer than pregnancy and more effective in preventing pregnancy than oral contraceptives, condoms, spermicidal, any barrier method, or natural family planning. Benefits of healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy are many. Postpartum contraception is becoming popular after introduction of PPIUCD services. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, management, clinical outcome of missing strings cases in post-placental and intra-cesarean IUCD...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Gabrielle Lodge, Lena Sanci, Meredith J Temple-Smith
BACKGROUND: Globally, 14% of women use intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) for prevention of unplanned pregnancy. In Australia, the use of IUCDs is negligible at METHODS: GPs participated in qualitative interviews in February-May 2016, exploring their knowledge, attitudes and practice around IUCDs. Data were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Overall, 17 GPs were interviewed. They identified key barriers to prescription of IUCDs as misconceptions brought to the consultation, lack of current GP inserters, and issues in referral of patients for insertion...
2017: Australian Family Physician
Özkan Aslantaş, Ebru Şebnem Yilmaz
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of fecal carriage of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and/or plasmidic AmpC β-lactamase (pAmpC) producing Escherichia coli among dogs (n=428) in Turkey. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing were used to characterize genes encoding β-lactamase and plasmid mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and PCRs for virulence genes and phylogenetic groups were also performed. Cefotaxime resistant E. coli isolates were detected in 95 (22...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Boniface Oyugi, Urbanus Kioko, Stephen Mbugua Kaboro, Shadrack Gikonyo, Clarice Okumu, Sarah Ogola-Munene, Shaminder Kalsi, Simon Thiani, Julius Korir, Paul Odundo, Billy Baltazaar, Moses Ranji, Nicholas Muraguri, Charles Nzioka
BACKGROUND: The study seeks to evaluate the difference in access of long-term family planning (LTFP) methods among the output based approach (OBA) and non-OBA clients within the OBA facility. METHODS: The study utilises a quasi experimental design. A two tailed unpaired t-test with unequal variance is used to test for the significance variation in the mean access. The difference in difference (DiD) estimates of program effect on long term family planning methods is done to estimate the causal effect by exploiting the group level difference on two or more dimensions...
March 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Andrew Abaasa, Mitzy Gafos, Zacchaeus Anywaine, Andrew Nunn, Angela Crook, Jonathan Levin, Sheena McCormack, Anatoli Kamali
BACKGROUND: Use of a reliable contraception method has become an inclusion criterion in prevention trials to minimize time off product. We report on hormonal contraceptive prevalence, uptake, sustained use and correlates of use in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP 301) trial at the Masaka Centre in Uganda. METHODS: HIV negative women in sero-discordant relationships were enrolled and followed-up for 52 to 104 weeks from 2005 to 2009. Contraceptive use data was collected through self-report at baseline and dispensing records during follow-up...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
Haitham Torky, Asem Moussa, El-Sayed El-Desouky, Osama Dief, Ali Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the pain-relieving effect of intracervical lidocaine gel with that of lidocaine spray or no local anaesthesia in decreasing pain during insertion of the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). METHODS: In a prospective multicentre non-randomised comparative study design, 420 women were divided into three groups of 140 and fitted with the same type of IUCD. Group 1 received cervical lidocaine gel, group 2 received cervical lidocaine spray and group 3 received no topical anaesthesia...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Vinod Priyadarshi, Nidhi Sehgal, Dipanwita Sen
Though intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a safe and most frequently used long-term contraceptive method, it has some complications. Uterine perforation and intra-abdominal migration have been reported often, but a retroperitoneal migration is exceptional. Here, we are reporting an IUCD which perforated the uterus and migrated to the retroperitoneum; impinging into and obstructing left ureter causing severe hydroureteronephrosis due to the development of the left lower ureteric stricture.
January 2017: Urology Annals
Liana Ples, Romina Marina Sima, Cristina Moisei, Cringu Antoniu Ionescu
Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) are one of the most popular and modern means of contraception used worldwide. Some described complications include perforation, infection and ectopic pregnancy. Herein we report an uncommon complication of IUCD: perforation and migration in the terminal ileum. A 56-year-old woman presented to our institution with lower abdominal pain. She had had an IUCD placed 29 years previously. The IUCD was inserted in unsafe conditions since then it was prohibited in Romanian to use any contraception device or pills...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Jonas Fernandes Maciel, Letícia Beatriz Matter, Michele Martins Trindade, Giovana Camillo, Maristela Lovato, Sônia de Ávila Botton, Agueda Castagna de Vargas
In this study an avian colisepticemia outbreak was investigated. Two isolates from a chicken with colisepticemia were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence factors profile. For this purpose 7 antimicrobial and 29 genes (fimH, hrlA/hek, iha, papC, sfa/focCD, tsh, mat, tia, gimB, ibeA, chuA, fyuA, ireA, iroN, irp2, iucD, sitD. chr., sitD. ep., iss, neuC, ompA, traT, astA, hlyA, sat, vat, pic, malX, cvi/cva) were tested. The outbreak happened in a hick chicken breeding located in the northwestern region of Rio Grande do Sul state in South of Brazil and caused 28...
February 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
F Silveira, R P Maluta, M R Tiba, J B de Paiva, E A L Guastalli, W D da Silveira
Detection and analysis of virulence-associated genes (VAGs) of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) may be helpful to distinguish pathogenic from commensal faecal strains (AFEC). The aim of this study was to characterise 120 isolates of avian Escherichia coli, comprising 91 APEC (from diseased birds) and 29 AFEC (from healthy chickens), collected in Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis and in vivo pathogenicity testing was performed on 38 VAGs. The VAGs iucD, iutA, iroN, fepC, ompT, cvi and hlyF were statistically associated with medium and high pathogenicity (MP/HP) strains...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
T S Chandrasekar, B J Gokul, K Raja Yogesh, S Sathiamoorthy, M S Prasad, T C Viveksandeep, M Ahmed Ali
A 45-year-old lady presented with left lower quadrant abdominal pain and hematochezia of 1 month duration. She had Copper-T, an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) inserted in the immediate post-partum period 25 years ago elsewhere and was lost to follow up. CT abdomen done 2 weeks earlier before reporting to us revealed a migrated and translocated IUCD embedded in the right lateral wall of the rectum. On colonoscopy, an area of friable mucosal nodule was noticed in the right lateral wall 10 cm from the anal verge but the IUCD was not visible intraluminally...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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