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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810213/comparison-between-avian-pathogenic-apec-and-avian-faecal-afec-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-different-regions-in-brazil
#1
F Silveira, R P Maluta, M R Tiba, J B de Paiva, E A L Guastalli, W D da Silveira
Detection and analysis of virulence-associated genes (VAGs) of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) may be helpful to distinguish pathogenic from commensal faecal strains (AFEC). The aim of this study was to characterise 120 isolates of avian Escherichia coli, comprising 91 APEC (from diseased birds) and 29 AFEC (from healthy chickens), collected in Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis and in vivo pathogenicity testing was performed on 38 VAGs. The VAGs iucD, iutA, iroN, fepC, ompT, cvi and hlyF were statistically associated with medium and high pathogenicity (MP/HP) strains...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796939/a-new-endoscopic-method-of-retrieval-of-a-migrated-and-transmurally-embedded-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-in-the-rectum
#2
T S Chandrasekar, B J Gokul, K Raja Yogesh, S Sathiamoorthy, M S Prasad, T C Viveksandeep, M Ahmed Ali
A 45-year-old lady presented with left lower quadrant abdominal pain and hematochezia of 1 month duration. She had Copper-T, an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) inserted in the immediate post-partum period 25 years ago elsewhere and was lost to follow up. CT abdomen done 2 weeks earlier before reporting to us revealed a migrated and translocated IUCD embedded in the right lateral wall of the rectum. On colonoscopy, an area of friable mucosal nodule was noticed in the right lateral wall 10 cm from the anal verge but the IUCD was not visible intraluminally...
October 31, 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789334/clustered-regularly-interspaced-short-palindromic-repeat-crispr-diversity-and-virulence-factor-distribution-in-avian-escherichia-coli
#3
Qiang Fu, Zhixin Su, Yuqiang Cheng, Zhaofei Wang, Shiyu Li, Heng'an Wang, Jianhe Sun, Yaxian Yan
In order to investigate the diverse characteristics of clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) arrays and the distribution of virulence factor genes in avian Escherichia coli, 80 E.coli isolates obtained from chickens with avian pathogenic E.coli (APEC) or avian fecal commensal E. coli (AFEC) were identified. Using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), five genes were subjected to phylogenetic typing and examined for CRISPR arrays to study genetic relatedness among the strains...
October 24, 2016: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638008/influence-of-contraceptive-choice-on-vaginal-bacterial-and-fungal-microflora
#4
G Donders, G Bellen, D Janssens, B Van Bulck, P Hinoul, J Verguts
The influence of contraception on vaginal microflora can have a major impact on the risk of developing acute or recurrent vaginal infections, but also may influence the risk of acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STI) such as HIV. A cohort of 248 women presenting for levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion or reinsertion were stratified according to their current contraceptive method. Information concerning their menstrual pattern and data about the medical history were collected...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631023/immediate-postpartum-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-insertions-in-caesarean-and-vaginal-deliveries-a-comparative-study-of-follow-up-outcomes
#5
Reetu Hooda, Sonika Mann, Smiti Nanda, Anjali Gupta, Hemant More, Jaikrit Bhutani
Background. Immediate postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (IPPIUCD) is a lucrative postpartum family planning method which provides effective reversible contraception to women in the delivery setting. Our aim was to study the clinical outcomes of IPPIUCD insertions and compare them as a factor of route of insertion (vaginal versus caesarean). Methods. This is a retrospective analytical study done in a tertiary care teaching institute. A Cohort of 593 vaginal and caesarean deliveries with IPPIUCD insertions, over a two-year period, was studied and compared for follow-up results...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558642/iucd-inserted-after-first-trimester-abortion-an-observational-study-of-100-cases
#6
Swati Gupta, Shashi Prateek, Renuka Sinha, Saritha Shamsunder, M K Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468027/characterization-of-virulence-genes-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-lung-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-forest-musk-deer-moschus-berezovskii
#7
Xi Luo, Peng Wang, Jian-guo Cheng, Yan Luo, Lei Dai, Xin Zhou, Li-kou Zou, Bei Li, Jiu-Jin Xiao
This study investigated genotypic diversity, 26 virulence genes, and antimicrobial susceptibility of lung pathogenic Escherichia coli (LPEC) isolated from forest musk deer. Associations between virulence factors (VFs) and phylogenetic group, between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and phylogenetic group, and between AMR and VFs were subsequently assessed. The results showed 30 LPEC isolated were grouped into seven different clusters (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G). The detection rates of crl (90%), kpsMT II (76.67%), mat (76...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375727/trends-of-contraception-among-ladies-of-local-population-in-pakistan-why-how-when-and-what
#8
Khaula Atif, Afeera Afsheen, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Saleem Asif Niazi, Habib Ullah Khan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends of use of methods of contraception along with study of impact of various demographic and social factors on contraception in Peshawar, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with random purposive sampling was conducted at Combined Military Hospital Peshawar, from Mar 2015-Nov 2015. Self-designed questionnaire with demographic details and questions pertinent to contraceptive practices was utilized as study instrument. Females reporting to concerned hospital for contraceptive advice and prescription were distributed with questionnaire and written informed consent form...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348207/virulence-genes-and-the-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-wild-waterbirds-in-the-netherlands-and-poland
#9
Maciej Kuczkowski, Marta Krawiec, Berend Voslamber, Marta Książczyk, Gabriela Płoskońska-Bugla, Alina Wieliczko
Affiliation to four phylogroups (A, B1, B2, and D) was examined, among 190 Escherichia coli strains, collected from five, wild waterbird species, including the following: the Greylag goose-Anser anser (61) and the Canada goose-Branta canadensis (33) obtained in the Netherlands, and the Mallard-Anas platyrhynchos (38), the Mute swan-Cygnus olor (37), and the Great cormorant-Phalacrocorax carbo (21) obtained in Poland. Moreover, the prevalence of 10 virulence factors: astA, iss, iucD, irp2, papC, tsh, vat, cva/cvi, stx2f, and bfp, as well as antimicrobial susceptibility to amoxicillin, enrofloxacin, and tetracycline (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] using E-tests) were investigated, in the examined E...
August 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258947/antimicrobial-resistance-and-virulence-factors-of-escherichia-coli-in-cheese-made-from-unpasteurized-milk-in-three-cities-in-brazil
#10
Laryssa Freitas Ribeiro, Mayhara Martins Cordeiro Barbosa, Fernanda de Rezende Pinto, Renato Pariz Maluta, Mônica Costa Oliveira, Viviane de Souza, Maria Izabel Merino de Medeiros, Lucimara Antonio Borges, Luiz Augusto do Amaral, John Morris Fairbrother
The production of cheeses from unpasteurized milk is still widespread in Brazil, even with a legal ban imposed on its marketing. The manufacture of this cheese is a public health problem, due to the use of raw milk and the poor hygienic conditions throughout the supply chain process. Contamination may occur from several sources and involve several different pathogenic microorganisms, such as Escherichia coli. The latter can cause different clinical manifestations depending on the pathotype involved. Furthermore, some isolates manifest antimicrobial resistance and may be a risk for public health...
September 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018103/image-of-the-month-endoscopic-removal-of-an-iucd-migrated-into-the-rectum
#11
K Vinayachandran Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997308/comparison-between-the-traditional-non-guided-and-a-novel-ultrasound-guided-technique-for-office-fitting-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices
#12
Mervat S Elsedeek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a novel method for in-office fitting of intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) by comparing it to the traditional non-guided technique. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comparing the application of intrauterine contraceptives was conducted between January 1, 2013 and January 31, 2015 at a university contraception clinic, in Alexandria, Egypt. Patients aged 20-45years who were parous, had previously undergone vaginal or abdominal deliveries, and were requesting device insertion were included...
June 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976911/detection-of-virulence-associated-genes-in-pathogenic-and-commensal-avian-escherichia-coli-isolates
#13
A C Paixão, A C Ferreira, M Fontes, P Themudo, T Albuquerque, M C Soares, M Fevereiro, L Martins, M I Corrêa de Sá
Poultry colibacillosis due to Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is responsible for several extra-intestinal pathological conditions, leading to serious economic damage in poultry production. The most commonly associated pathologies are airsacculitis, colisepticemia, and cellulitis in broiler chickens, and salpingitis and peritonitis in broiler breeders. In this work a total of 66 strains isolated from dead broiler breeders affected with colibacillosis and 61 strains from healthy broilers were studied...
July 1, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894092/a-cross-sectional-study-on-acceptability-and-safety-of-iucd-among-postpartum-mothers-at-tertiary-care-hospital-telangana
#14
Sangeetha Jairaj, Sridhar Dayyala
INTRODUCTION: India is world's 2(nd) largest populated country. It is first to introduce family planning services. IUCD is most effective, safe, long acting and do not interfere with coitus. Immediately or within 72 hours after delivery of placenta in a health care facility is convenient for those who are in outreach area, where family planning facilities are less available. OBJECTIVES: To study the socio demographic profile of parturients attended to obstetric ward for delivery...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764547/invading-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-into-the-sigmoid-colon-through-uterine-perforation-caused-by-a-blunt-trauma
#15
Abdoulhossein Davoodabadi, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh, Mahdieh Amirbeigi, Hoda Jazayeri
Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is relatively safe but still with some serious risks. Uterus perforation is rare and would be fatal. A case of Cu-7 IUCD invading into the sigmoid colon through uterine perforation caused by a pelvic blunt trauma was presented. Our case showed that uterus perforation by an IUCD could induce utero-sigmoid fistula which is likely to be missed. Imaging is required when the patients with IUCD present abdominal pain, particularly with a history of trauma.
2015: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26674943/family-planning-practices-programmes-and-policies-in-india-including-implants-and-injectables-with-a-special-focus-on-jharkhand-india-a-brief-review
#16
REVIEW
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 clearly delineates that the usage of contraceptive practices has increased considerably but is more inclined toward terminal methods of contraception especially the female sterilization. The fact is also evident from various studies carried out from time to time in different Indian states. Given the context we carried out a short review to understand the family planning practices, programs and policies in India including implants and injectable contraceptives with a special focus on the state of Jharkhand...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663997/the-clinical-outcome-of-post-placental-copper-t-380a-insertion-with-long-placental-forceps-kelly-s-forceps-after-normal-vaginal-delivery-and-cesarean-section
#17
Garima Gupta, Ritu Goyal, Vijay Kumar Kadam, Pannam Sharma
OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy safety effect on menstrual cycles, expulsion, continuation, and failure rate of post placental Copper-T-380A after vaginal and cesarean birth in a tertiary center, over the period of 1 year. METHODS: A total of 150 women who opted for insertion of Copper-T-380A within 10 min of expulsion of placenta whether delivered vaginally or by cesarean section were enrolled into study. Women having past history of ectopic pregnancy or any genital tract infection or hemorrhagic disorders, uterine anomaly, chorioamnionitis, LPV > 18 h, unresolved PPH, Hb < 8 g% were excluded from the study...
December 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556122/wandering-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-an-unusual-travel-to-the-sigmoid-colon
#18
A L Kumarappan, M Karthikeyan, D Gunaseelan, P Ros'aini
Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is common choice for contraception. Migration of IUCD is one of the complications that are encountered. Here we report a case of IUCD migration to the sigmoid colon. A 39-year-old Malay lady carrying a copper T type of IUCD presented with missing thread then underwent examination under anaesthesia, proceeded to hysteroscopy but failed removal. Abdominal ultrasound detected it in the left lower quadrant of abdomen. She then underwent diagnostic laparoscopy where the device was found to be embedded in the sigmoid colon...
October 2015: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475938/characterization-of-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-in-eastern-china
#19
Xinhong Dou, Jiansen Gong, Xiangan Han, Ming Xu, Haiyu Shen, Di Zhang, Linlin Zhuang, Jiasheng Liu, Jianmin Zou
In order to investigate the biological characteristics of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolated in eastern China, a total of 243 isolates were isolated from diseased poultry on different farms during the period from 2007 to 2014. These isolates were characterized for serogroups (polymerase chain reaction and agglutination), the presence of virulence-associated genes (fimC, iss, ompA, fyuA, stx2f, iroC, iucD, hlyE, tsh, cvaC, irp2, and papC) and class I integrons (polymerase chain reaction), drug susceptibilities (disk diffusion method) and the biofilm-forming abilities (semi-quantitative method)...
January 15, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26412523/impact-of-medicated-feed-along-with-clay-mineral-supplementation-on-escherichia-coli-resistance-to-antimicrobial-agents-in-pigs-after-weaning-in-field-conditions
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Seyedehameneh Jahanbakhsh, Kiswendsida Paul Kabore, Philippe Fravalo, Ann Letellier, John Morris Fairbrother
The aim of this study was to examine changes in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) phenotype and virulence and AMR gene profiles in Escherichia coli from pigs receiving in-feed antimicrobial medication following weaning and the effect of feed supplementation with a clay mineral, clinoptilolite, on this dynamic. Eighty E. coli strains isolated from fecal samples of pigs receiving a diet containing chlortetracycline and penicillin, with or without 2% clinoptilolite, were examined for antimicrobial resistance to 15 antimicrobial agents...
October 2015: Research in Veterinary Science
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