Read by QxMD icon Read


G Donders, G Bellen, D Janssens, B Van Bulck, P Hinoul, J Verguts
The influence of contraception on vaginal microflora can have a major impact on the risk of developing acute or recurrent vaginal infections, but also may influence the risk of acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STI) such as HIV. A cohort of 248 women presenting for levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion or reinsertion were stratified according to their current contraceptive method. Information concerning their menstrual pattern and data about the medical history were collected...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Reetu Hooda, Sonika Mann, Smiti Nanda, Anjali Gupta, Hemant More, Jaikrit Bhutani
Background. Immediate postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (IPPIUCD) is a lucrative postpartum family planning method which provides effective reversible contraception to women in the delivery setting. Our aim was to study the clinical outcomes of IPPIUCD insertions and compare them as a factor of route of insertion (vaginal versus caesarean). Methods. This is a retrospective analytical study done in a tertiary care teaching institute. A Cohort of 593 vaginal and caesarean deliveries with IPPIUCD insertions, over a two-year period, was studied and compared for follow-up results...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Swati Gupta, Shashi Prateek, Renuka Sinha, Saritha Shamsunder, M K Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Xi Luo, Peng Wang, Jian-guo Cheng, Yan Luo, Lei Dai, Xin Zhou, Li-kou Zou, Bei Li, Jiu-Jin Xiao
This study investigated genotypic diversity, 26 virulence genes, and antimicrobial susceptibility of lung pathogenic Escherichia coli (LPEC) isolated from forest musk deer. Associations between virulence factors (VFs) and phylogenetic group, between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and phylogenetic group, and between AMR and VFs were subsequently assessed. The results showed 30 LPEC isolated were grouped into seven different clusters (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G). The detection rates of crl (90%), kpsMT II (76.67%), mat (76...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Khaula Atif, Afeera Afsheen, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Saleem Asif Niazi, Habib Ullah Khan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends of use of methods of contraception along with study of impact of various demographic and social factors on contraception in Peshawar, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with random purposive sampling was conducted at Combined Military Hospital Peshawar, from Mar 2015-Nov 2015. Self-designed questionnaire with demographic details and questions pertinent to contraceptive practices was utilized as study instrument. Females reporting to concerned hospital for contraceptive advice and prescription were distributed with questionnaire and written informed consent form...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Maciej Kuczkowski, Marta Krawiec, Berend Voslamber, Marta Książczyk, Gabriela Płoskońska-Bugla, Alina Wieliczko
Affiliation to four phylogroups (A, B1, B2, and D) was examined, among 190 Escherichia coli strains, collected from five, wild waterbird species, including the following: the Greylag goose-Anser anser (61) and the Canada goose-Branta canadensis (33) obtained in the Netherlands, and the Mallard-Anas platyrhynchos (38), the Mute swan-Cygnus olor (37), and the Great cormorant-Phalacrocorax carbo (21) obtained in Poland. Moreover, the prevalence of 10 virulence factors: astA, iss, iucD, irp2, papC, tsh, vat, cva/cvi, stx2f, and bfp, as well as antimicrobial susceptibility to amoxicillin, enrofloxacin, and tetracycline (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] using E-tests) were investigated, in the examined E...
August 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Laryssa Freitas Ribeiro, Mayhara Martins Cordeiro Barbosa, Fernanda de Rezende Pinto, Renato Pariz Maluta, Mônica Costa Oliveira, Viviane de Souza, Maria Izabel Merino de Medeiros, Lucimara Antonio Borges, Luiz Augusto do Amaral, John Morris Fairbrother
The production of cheeses from unpasteurized milk is still widespread in Brazil, even with a legal ban imposed on its marketing. The manufacture of this cheese is a public health problem, due to the use of raw milk and the poor hygienic conditions throughout the supply chain process. Contamination may occur from several sources and involve several different pathogenic microorganisms, such as Escherichia coli. The latter can cause different clinical manifestations depending on the pathotype involved. Furthermore, some isolates manifest antimicrobial resistance and may be a risk for public health...
September 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
K Vinayachandran Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Mervat S Elsedeek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a novel method for in-office fitting of intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) by comparing it to the traditional non-guided technique. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comparing the application of intrauterine contraceptives was conducted between January 1, 2013 and January 31, 2015 at a university contraception clinic, in Alexandria, Egypt. Patients aged 20-45years who were parous, had previously undergone vaginal or abdominal deliveries, and were requesting device insertion were included...
June 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
A C Paixão, A C Ferreira, M Fontes, P Themudo, T Albuquerque, M C Soares, M Fevereiro, L Martins, M I Corrêa de Sá
Poultry colibacillosis due to Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is responsible for several extra-intestinal pathological conditions, leading to serious economic damage in poultry production. The most commonly associated pathologies are airsacculitis, colisepticemia, and cellulitis in broiler chickens, and salpingitis and peritonitis in broiler breeders. In this work a total of 66 strains isolated from dead broiler breeders affected with colibacillosis and 61 strains from healthy broilers were studied...
July 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Sangeetha Jairaj, Sridhar Dayyala
INTRODUCTION: India is world's 2(nd) largest populated country. It is first to introduce family planning services. IUCD is most effective, safe, long acting and do not interfere with coitus. Immediately or within 72 hours after delivery of placenta in a health care facility is convenient for those who are in outreach area, where family planning facilities are less available. OBJECTIVES: To study the socio demographic profile of parturients attended to obstetric ward for delivery...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Abdoulhossein Davoodabadi, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh, Mahdieh Amirbeigi, Hoda Jazayeri
Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is relatively safe but still with some serious risks. Uterus perforation is rare and would be fatal. A case of Cu-7 IUCD invading into the sigmoid colon through uterine perforation caused by a pelvic blunt trauma was presented. Our case showed that uterus perforation by an IUCD could induce utero-sigmoid fistula which is likely to be missed. Imaging is required when the patients with IUCD present abdominal pain, particularly with a history of trauma.
2015: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 clearly delineates that the usage of contraceptive practices has increased considerably but is more inclined toward terminal methods of contraception especially the female sterilization. The fact is also evident from various studies carried out from time to time in different Indian states. Given the context we carried out a short review to understand the family planning practices, programs and policies in India including implants and injectable contraceptives with a special focus on the state of Jharkhand...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Garima Gupta, Ritu Goyal, Vijay Kumar Kadam, Pannam Sharma
OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy safety effect on menstrual cycles, expulsion, continuation, and failure rate of post placental Copper-T-380A after vaginal and cesarean birth in a tertiary center, over the period of 1 year. METHODS: A total of 150 women who opted for insertion of Copper-T-380A within 10 min of expulsion of placenta whether delivered vaginally or by cesarean section were enrolled into study. Women having past history of ectopic pregnancy or any genital tract infection or hemorrhagic disorders, uterine anomaly, chorioamnionitis, LPV > 18 h, unresolved PPH, Hb < 8 g% were excluded from the study...
December 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
A L Kumarappan, M Karthikeyan, D Gunaseelan, P Ros'aini
Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is common choice for contraception. Migration of IUCD is one of the complications that are encountered. Here we report a case of IUCD migration to the sigmoid colon. A 39-year-old Malay lady carrying a copper T type of IUCD presented with missing thread then underwent examination under anaesthesia, proceeded to hysteroscopy but failed removal. Abdominal ultrasound detected it in the left lower quadrant of abdomen. She then underwent diagnostic laparoscopy where the device was found to be embedded in the sigmoid colon...
October 2015: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Xinhong Dou, Jiansen Gong, Xiangan Han, Ming Xu, Haiyu Shen, Di Zhang, Linlin Zhuang, Jiasheng Liu, Jianmin Zou
In order to investigate the biological characteristics of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolated in eastern China, a total of 243 isolates were isolated from diseased poultry on different farms during the period from 2007 to 2014. These isolates were characterized for serogroups (polymerase chain reaction and agglutination), the presence of virulence-associated genes (fimC, iss, ompA, fyuA, stx2f, iroC, iucD, hlyE, tsh, cvaC, irp2, and papC) and class I integrons (polymerase chain reaction), drug susceptibilities (disk diffusion method) and the biofilm-forming abilities (semi-quantitative method)...
January 15, 2016: Gene
Seyedehameneh Jahanbakhsh, Kiswendsida Paul Kabore, Philippe Fravalo, Ann Letellier, John Morris Fairbrother
The aim of this study was to examine changes in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) phenotype and virulence and AMR gene profiles in Escherichia coli from pigs receiving in-feed antimicrobial medication following weaning and the effect of feed supplementation with a clay mineral, clinoptilolite, on this dynamic. Eighty E. coli strains isolated from fecal samples of pigs receiving a diet containing chlortetracycline and penicillin, with or without 2% clinoptilolite, were examined for antimicrobial resistance to 15 antimicrobial agents...
October 2015: Research in Veterinary Science
Brian Hauck, Dustin Costescu
Unintended pregnancy is a major social and public health problem with adverse effects on neonatal and developmental outcomes, as well as maternal health and wellbeing. Traditionally, family planning policies have focused on increasing contraceptive uptake in non-users; however, rates of non-use are low in many developed nations. A high proportion of unintended pregnancies are attributable to contraceptive failure, particularly when using barrier and short-acting hormonal contraceptives. Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) are highly effective and have been shown to reduce unintended pregnancy rates...
July 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
T A Lukhaimane, Y Adam
Access to emergency contraception (EC) has little restriction in South Africa. EC is a contraceptive method that can be used by women up to 7 days after unprotected intercourse. It can be used in the following situations: when no contraceptive has been used; for condom accidents; after intrauterine contraceptive device expulsion; when a contraceptive method has been incorrectly used, or contraceptive pills missed; if there has been a > 3-hour delay in taking the progestogen-only pill, a > 2-week delay for intramuscular depot medroxyprogesterone acetate or a > 1-week delay for intramuscular norethisterone enanthate; or after delayed placement or early removal or dislodgement of a contraceptive transdermal patch or vaginal ring...
April 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Aruna Nigam, Ayesha Ahmad, Neha Gupta, Archana Kumari
Use of a postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUCD) is a highly effective, reversible and long-acting family planning method that can be initiated in the immediate postpartum period, especially in lactating women. PPIUCDs have been inserted in more than 65,000 women worldwide and the numbers are increasing with many countries introducing PPIUCDs as part of their family planning programme. As the numbers of PPIUCD insertions are increasing, we are getting wiser regarding complications of this procedure...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"