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Pediatric & voice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865551/objective-voice-analysis-of-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-and-comparison-with-hearing-aids-users-and-hearing-controls
#1
Narges Jafari, Farzad Izadi, Abolfazl Salehi, Payman Dabirmoghaddam, Fariba Yadegari, Abbas Ebadi, Saeed Talebian Moghadam
OBJECTIVES: Phonation is influenced by hearing as a feedback mechanism. The purpose of the present study was to compare selected acoustic parameters in children using cochlear implants (CIs), those using hearing aids (HA), and their normal-hearing (NH) peers. METHODS: The participants were 15 children using CI (mean age: 72 months), 15 children using HA (mean age: 74 months), and 15 NH children (mean age: 77 months). The vowel /a/ was produced to measure perturbation and mean fundamental frequency...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861938/voice-outcome-and-voice-related-quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-pediatric-laryngotracheal-stenosis
#2
Bas Pullens, Marieke Hakkesteegt, Hans Hoeve, Marieke Timmerman, Koen Joosten
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcome of voice quality and voice-related quality of life after open airway surgery for pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Children under the age of 18 years at time of follow-up and with a history of open airway surgery for acquired laryngotracheal stenosis were included in this analysis. To assess voice-related quality of life, the pediatric voice handicap (pVHI) index was completed by the patients' parents...
November 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808413/a-new-solution-for-neonatal-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-endoscopic-arytenoid-abduction-lateropexy
#3
Shahram Madani, Ádám Bach, Vera Matievics, Eszter Erdélyi, Balázs Sztanó, Ilona Szegesdi, Paul F Castellanos, László Rovó
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis in early childhood is a life-threatening condition, which often requires immediate intervention. One of the treatment options is a quick, reversible simple suture vocal cord lateralizing technique, whereby the arytenoid cartilage is directly lateralized to the normal abducted position. Considering pediatric laryngeal anatomy, a small endolaryngeal thread guide instrument was designed for precise suture insertion. STUDY DESIGN: New instrument validation...
November 3, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806793/-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-rescuing-12-children-with-acute-fulminant-myocarditis
#4
L F Ye, Y Fan, C M Zhang, Q Shu, L Z Du, R Lin
Objective: To summarize clinical experience of using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in rescuing children with acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM). Method: Data of 12 children with acute fulminate myocarditis (6 boys and 6 girls, median age 8.3 (0.6, 13.0) years, median weight 33.1 (6, 61) kg) who were rescued with ECMO in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University from September 2009 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The analysis focused on the intervene timing of ECMO for the cardiogenic shock and hypoperfusion caused by heart failure and(or) lethal arrhythmia and the essentials of ECMO cardiopulmonary resuscitation(ECPR) for cardiac arrest in pediatric AFM were summarized...
November 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749020/advance-care-planning-in-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-quality-improvement-project
#5
Traci M Kazmerski, Daniel J Weiner, Janice Matisko, Diane Schachner, Whitney Lerch, Carol May, Scott H Maurer
INTRODUCTION: Advance care planning (ACP), though recommended, has not been studied in adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF). This quality improvement project engaged adolescents with advanced CF disease in ACP and assessed patient and CF provider attitudes and preferences regarding ACP discussions and tools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ≤22 years with advanced CF (FEV1 ≤40% predicted, >2 pulmonary exacerbations requiring IV antibiotics in 1 year, and/or use of home oxygen or non-invasive ventilation) were referred to the pediatric palliative care team (PC)...
December 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737415/health-professionals-perceptions-about-the-decision-making-process-in-the-care-of-pediatric-patients
#6
Eliana de Andrade Trotta, Fernanda Cristina Scarpa, Michel George El Halal, José Roberto Goldim, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perceptions of physicians, nurses and nursing technicians of their participation in the decision-making process surrounding life support limitation in terminally ill pediatric patients, with comparisons by professional category. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary public university hospital with the participation of physicians, nurses and nursing technicians. The MacArthur Admission Experience Survey Voice Scale was used to assess and quantify the perceptions of professionals who assisted 17 pediatric patients with life support limitation within 24 hours after the outcome of each patient was determined...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676853/pediatric-rehabilitation-and-pediatric-oncology-a-winner-association-the-experience-of-grenoble-pediatric-hospital
#7
Véronique Bourg, Anne Descotes, Anne Pagnier, Jacques Griffet, Dominique Plantaz
The Child and Family Hospital of Grenoble is one of the rare university hospitals in France to benefit from the presence of a physician specializing in rehabilitation medicine. This hospital includes both inpatient and outpatient units. During the temporary closure of one department, certain members of the rehabilitation unit were reassigned to the acute care wards of the pediatric department, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists. Over the course of one year, these therapists completed more than 150 interventions in this department, more than half of which were in the hematology and oncology ward...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650708/eliciting-the-child-s-voice-in-adverse-event-reporting-in-oncology-trials-cognitive-interview-findings-from-the-pediatric-patient-reported-outcomes-version-of-the-common-terminology-criteria-for-adverse-events-initiative
#8
Bryce B Reeve, Molly McFatrich, Laura C Pinheiro, Meaghann S Weaver, Lillian Sung, Janice S Withycombe, Justin N Baker, Jennifer W Mack, Mia K Waldron, Deborah Gibson, Deborah Tomlinson, David R Freyer, Catriona Mowbray, Shana Jacobs, Diana Palma, Christa E Martens, Stuart H Gold, Kathryn D Jackson, Pamela S Hinds
BACKGROUND: Adverse event (AE) reporting in oncology trials is required, but current practice does not directly integrate the child's voice. The Pediatric Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) is being developed to assess symptomatic AEs via child/adolescent self-report or proxy-report. This qualitative study evaluates the child's/adolescent's understanding and ability to provide valid responses to the PRO-CTCAE to inform questionnaire refinements and confirm content validity...
September 21, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630952/pro-activeness-of-parents-in-accepting-behavior-management-techniques-a-cross-sectional-evaluative-study
#9
Karthik Venkataraghavan, Jolly Shah, Manpreet Kaur, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: The contemporary parents are more active and participate in the decision making during dental treatment. AIM: To assess the parents' acceptance towards behavior management techniques commonly used in the pediatric dentistry in different dental situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one parents participated in the study. Children's dental fear was assessed by the parents before attending power point presentation using Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617499/founders-of-pediatric-pathology-ward-thomas-burdick-1878-1928
#10
James R Wright
Ward Burdick is a name most pathologists who have attended an American Society for Clinical Pathology meeting recognize because of his annual named lecture established in 1929. However few pathologists, including many recipients of the Ward Burdick Award for Distinguished Service to Pathology, know the details of his life or understand his accomplishments. Ward Burdick, who practiced as a pediatric pathologist at the Children's Hospital of Denver, was one of the two primary organizers of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists in 1921-22, which was formed to raise the standards of practice in Clinical Pathology...
September 12, 2016: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610482/assessing-the-experience-of-social-support-for-parents-who-attended-camp-trillium-s-pediatric-oncology-family-program
#11
Sarah Körver, April Kinghorn, Joel Negin, Marci Shea-Perry, Alexandra L C Martiniuk
OBJECTIVE: When a child is diagnosed with cancer, the entire family is affected by the demands of the illness and its treatment. This study aimed to provide a more nuanced understanding of the experience of parents of children with cancer when participating in therapeutic recreation programs (such as summer camp), and address the specific knowledge gap of the role that camp may play in providing social support for these families. In particular this study aimed to enroll mothers and fathers as the voice of fathers have previously been missing in research about cancer camps...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559830/update-interim-guidance-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-infants-with-possible-congenital-zika-virus-infection-united-states-august-2016
#12
Kate Russell, Sara E Oliver, Lillianne Lewis, Wanda D Barfield, Janet Cragan, Dana Meaney-Delman, J Erin Staples, Marc Fischer, Georgina Peacock, Titilope Oduyebo, Emily E Petersen, Sherif Zaki, Cynthia A Moore, Sonja A Rasmussen
CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy (1). Laboratory testing is recommended for 1) infants born to mothers with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy and 2) infants who have abnormal clinical or neuroimaging findings suggestive of congenital Zika syndrome and a maternal epidemiologic link suggesting possible transmission, regardless of maternal Zika virus test results...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529810/erp-evidence-of-preserved-early-memory-function-in-term-infants-with-neonatal-encephalopathy-following-therapeutic-hypothermia
#13
Katie M Pfister, Lei Zhang, Neely C Miller, Solveig Hultgren, Chris J Boys, Michael K Georgieff
BACKGROUND: Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) carries high risk for neurodevelopmental impairments. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) reduces this risk, particularly for moderate encephalopathy (ME). Nevertheless, these infants often have subtle functional deficits, including abnormal memory function. Detection of deficits at the earliest possible time-point would allow for intervention during a period of maximal brain plasticity. METHODS: Recognition memory function in 22 infants with NE treated with TH was compared to 23 healthy controls using event-related potentials (ERPs) at 2 wk of age...
December 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497397/development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-spanish-pediatric-voice-handicap-index-p-vhi-10
#14
Lorena Sanz, Patricia Bau, Ignacio Arribas, Teresa Rivera
OBJECTIVES: A child's voice is used both as a tool for communication and as a form of emotional expression. Thus, voice disorders suffered by children have negative effects on their quality of life, which can be assessed using the "Pediatric Voice Handicap Index" (P-VHI). This questionnaire is completed by the parents of dysphonic patients and it has been validated in different languages: Italian, Korean, Arabic, and Spanish. More recently, the "Children Voice Handicap Index-10" test (C-VHI-10) was developed and validated, an Italian version reduced into 10 items that is answered by children themselves...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497267/laryngeal-ultrasound-and-pediatric-vocal-fold-nodules
#15
Julina Ongkasuwan, Danielle Devore, Sarah Hollas, Jeremy Jones, Brandon Tran
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The term vocal fold nodules refers to bilateral thickening of the membranous folds with minimal impairment of the vibratory properties of the mucosa. Nodules are thought to be related to repetitive mechanical stress, associated with voice use patterns. Diagnosis is typically made in the office via either rigid or flexible laryngeal stroboscopy. Depending on the individual child, obtaining an optimal view of the larynx can be difficult if not impossible. Recent advances in high-frequency ultrasonography allows for transcervical examination of laryngeal structures...
August 6, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430464/infections
#16
Jill V Hunter, Lee Goerner
"Children are not little adults," and while this is a well-worn aphorism, it is especially true in the context of infection, where the same organism may evoke a different immune response in the pediatric central nervous system (CNS) and clinical presentation may be clouded by the lack of a good history or paucity of clinical information. The chronology and natural history of different organisms/infections will be laid out together with the preferred use of different imaging modalities. This chapter will use illustrative examples of some of the more common infections and their complications, in addition to several more rare conditions as well as mimics of childhood CNS infection...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411363/comparison-of-videostroboscopy-and-high-speed-videoendoscopy-in-evaluation-of-supraglottic-phonation
#17
Stephanie R C Zacharias, Charles M Myer, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Lisa Kelchner, Dimitar D Deliyski, Alessandro de Alarcón
OBJECTIVES: To compare clinicians' ratings of videolaryngoscopy (VLS) and high-speed videoendoscopy (HSV) and assess confidence of ratings with VLS and HSV in patients with supraglottic phonation. METHODS: The VLS and HSV video samples were taken from 11 adolescents post airway reconstruction who use supraglottic tissues for voice. The 22 recordings were randomized and presented to 4 clinicians: 2 speech-language pathologists and 2 pediatric otolaryngologists. Additionally, a 5-point Likert scale was used to rate level of confidence of ratings...
October 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369034/living-with-dying-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-nursing-perspective
#18
Debbie Stayer, Joan Such Lockhart
BACKGROUND: Despite reported challenges encountered by nurses who provide palliative care to children, few researchers have examined this phenomenon from the perspective of nurses who care for children with life-threatening illnesses in pediatric intensive care units. OBJECTIVES: To describe and interpret the essence of the experiences of nurses in pediatric intensive care units who provide palliative care to children with life-threatening illnesses and the children's families...
July 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365938/lipoid-proteinosis
#19
Hitesh C Mittal, Sunil Yadav, Sunita Malik, Gurdarshan Singh
A case report of a 6-year-old male child who reported with recurrent oral and skin ulcerations since childhood and was diagnosed as lipoid proteinosis manifesting with generalized thickening, hardening, and scarring of the skin and hoarseness of voice; is presented here. How to cite this article: Mittal HC, Yadav S, Malik S, Singh G. Lipoid Proteinosis. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):149-151.
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363714/effects-of-within-talker-variability-on-speech-intelligibility-in-mandarin-speaking-adult-and-pediatric-cochlear-implant-patients
#20
Qiaotong Su, John J Galvin, Guoping Zhang, Yongxin Li, Qian-Jie Fu
Cochlear implant (CI) speech performance is typically evaluated using well-enunciated speech produced at a normal rate by a single talker. CI users often have greater difficulty with variations in speech production encountered in everyday listening. Within a single talker, speaking rate, amplitude, duration, and voice pitch information may be quite variable, depending on the production context. The coarse spectral resolution afforded by the CI limits perception of voice pitch, which is an important cue for speech prosody and for tonal languages such as Mandarin Chinese...
2016: Trends in Hearing
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