keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Minor head injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322585/scapular-fractures-in-the-pan-scan-era
#1
Cortlyn Brown, Karim Elmobdy, Ali S Raja, Robert M Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Scapular fractures have been traditionally taught to be associated with significant injuries and major morbidity. As we demonstrated with sternal fracture, pulmonary contusion and rib fracture, increased chest CT utilization and head-to-pelvis CT (pan-scan) protocols in blunt trauma evaluation, however, may diagnose minor, clinically irrelevant scapular fractures, possibly rendering previous teachings obsolete. OBJECTIVES: To determine the 1) percentages of scapular fractures seen on chest CT only (SOCTO) versus seen on both CXR and CT and of isolated scapular fracture (scapular fracture without other thoracic injuries), 2) frequencies of associated thoracic injury with scapular fracture, and 3) proportion of patients admitted, mortality, hospital length of stay, and injury severity scores (ISS), comparing four patient groups: scapular fracture, non-scapular fracture, scapular fracture SOCTO, and isolated scapular fracture...
January 11, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317223/cluster-analysis-of-vulnerable-groups-in-acute-tbi-rehabilitation
#2
Erkut N Kucukboyaci, Coralynn Long, Michelle Smith, Joseph F Rath, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complex relationship between various social indicators that contribute to socioeconomic status and healthcare barriers. DESIGN: Cluster analysis of historical patient data obtained from inpatient visits. SETTING: Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation unit in a large, urban university hospital PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients receiving acute inpatient care, predominantly for closed head injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We examined the membership of TBI patients in various "vulnerable group" (VG) clusters (e...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284906/may-heading-in-soccer-result-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Gorazd Bunc, Janez Ravnik, Tomaz Velnar
Background: Globally, soccer is the most popular team sport, unifying many fans all around the world. The epidemiological studies so far have confirmed that head playing and hitting the ball with head may cause minor head injuries, which exert their effects in a cumulative way. Methods: Literature search for this review was conducted and data about traumatic brain injury collected from various sources. Results: The consequences of head injury are evident as chronic changes in cognition, including disturbances in concentration and slowing of mental and physical agility...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241468/-addendum-to-the-dutch-guideline-for-minor-head-brain-injury
#4
C L van den Brand, J van der Naalt, G Hageman, H P Bienfait, R A van der Kruijk, K Jellema
- After introduction of the Dutch guideline for 'Care for patients with minor head/brain injury' (LTH guideline) in 2010, the number of CT scans has increased. Some of these scans were for patients with only trivial trauma and may not have been necessary.- In addition, since this guideline was implemented, there have been changes in the use of anticoagulants and platelet aggregation inhibitors. Non-vitamin-K-dependent oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and platelet aggregation inhibitors, or combinations of these, are prescribed more often...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176798/the-scavenging-chemokine-receptor-ackr2-has-a-significant-impact-on-acute-mortality-rate-and-early-lesion-development-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Thomas M Woodcock, Tony Frugier, Tan Thanh Nguyen, Bridgette Deanne Semple, Nicole Bye, Matteo Massara, Benedetta Savino, Roberta Besio, Cristina Sobacchi, Massimo Locati, Maria Cristina Morganti-Kossmann
The atypical chemokine receptor ACKR2 promotes resolution of acute inflammation by operating as a scavenger receptor for inflammatory CC chemokines in several experimental models of inflammatory disorders, however its role in the brain remains unclear. Based on our previous reports of increased expression of inflammatory chemokines and their corresponding receptors following traumatic brain injury (TBI), we hypothesised that ACKR2 modulates neuroinflammation following brain trauma and that its deletion exacerbates cellular inflammation and chemokine production...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170301/4%C3%A2-the-risk-of-deterioration-in-ct-identified-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Carl Marincowitz, Fiona Lecky, William Townend, Aditya Borakati, Trevor Sheldon
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of minor head injured patients with brain injury identified by CT imaging is unclear. Some guidelines recommend routine hospital admission of GCS13-15 patients with traumatic brain (TBI) injury identified by CT imaging. Others argue that selected lower-risk patients can be discharged from the Emergency Department (ED). OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of death, neurosurgery and clinical deterioration minor head injured patients with TBI identified by CT imaging, and assess which factors affect the risk of these outcomes...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154020/skeletal-surveys-in-young-injured-children-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Christine W Paine, Joanne N Wood
Skeletal surveys (SSs) have been identified as a key component of the evaluation for suspected abuse in young children, but variability in SS utilization has been reported. Thus, we aimed to describe the utilization patterns, yield, and risks of obtaining SS in young children through a systematic literature review. We searched PubMed/MEDLINE and CINAHL databases for articles published between 1990 and 2016 on SS. We calculated study-specific percentages of SS utilization and detection of occult fractures and examined the likelihoods that patient characteristics predict SS utilization and detection of occult fractures...
November 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149393/challenges-in-minor-tbi-and-indications-for-head-ct-in-pediatric-tbi-an-update
#8
Navneet Singh, Ash Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric head trauma is one of the commonest presentations to emergency departments. Over 90% of such head injuries are considered mild, but still present risk acute clinical deterioration and longer term morbidity. Identifying which children are at risk of clinically important brain injuries remains challenging and much of the data on minor head injuries is based on the adult population. CHALLENGES IN PEDIATRICS: Children, however, are different, both anatomically and in terms of mechanism of injury, to adults and, even within the pediatric group, there are differences with age and stage of development...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127266/injuries-in-female-and-male-elite-taekwondo-athletes-a-10-year-prospective-epidemiological-study-of-1466-injuries-sustained-during-250-000-training-hours
#9
Ki Jun Park, Brian Byung Song
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the injury patterns associated with training activities in elite South Korean taekwondo athletes training for the Olympic Games. METHODS: We collected data prospectively from 2007 to 2016 at the Korea National Training Center in Seoul, South Korea. A sports injury was defined as acute or chronic musculoskeletal signs and symptoms due to taekwondo activities during training sessions. Athletes were assessed by an on-site sports medicine specialist...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110652/open-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-in-patients-over-65-does-not-result-in-an-increased-rate-of-complications
#10
Andreas Voss, Simone Cerciello, Jessica DiVenere, Olga Solovyova, Felix Dyrna, John Apostolakos, David Lam, Mark P Cote, Knut Beitzel, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Long head biceps tendon pathology is a common cause of anterior shoulder pain and is often associated with other shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears and osteoarthritis. It is well accepted that older patients are at increased risk for major and minor peri- and postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate patients over 65 years old who underwent subpectoral biceps tenodesis and compare the complication rates of this group to those of patients younger than 65 years old...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100783/factors-associated-with-imaging-overuse-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Monica Tung, Ritu Sharma, Jeremiah S Hinson, Stephanie Nothelle, Jean Pannikottu, Jodi B Segal
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (ED) are sites of prevalent imaging overuse; however, determinants that drive imaging in this setting are not well-characterized. We systematically reviewed the literature to summarize the determinants of imaging overuse in the ED. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE® and Embase® from January 1998 to March 2017. Studies were included if they were written in English, contained original data, pertained to a U.S. population, and identified a determinant associated with overuse of imaging in the ED...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095182/reducing-unnecessary-head-computed-tomography-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Nathaniel John Webster, Nathan Moore, Felicia Stewart
There is growing concern about the frequency of computed tomographic (CT) scans performed for evaluation of adults with suspected mild traumatic brain injury. The Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria are the most studied head CT decision tools that aid providers in determining which patients do not require a CT scan. This article examines recent research to determine which of these tools has proven to be the most effective at safely reducing the use of head CT scans. The reviewed studies concluded that both the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria had similar sensitivities, but the Canadian CT Head Rule showed superior specificity in predicting the presence of a clinically significant brain injury...
October 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089165/a-case-of-intrauterine-lethal-fetal-injury-after-attempted-suicide-of-the-mother
#13
Lucia Tattoli, Giancarlo Di Vella, Biagio Solarino
Traumatic injuries in pregnancy such as abdominal trauma, pelvic fractures and penetrating trauma are major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The most common causes of trauma during pregnancy are motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, gunshots, and burns. Pregnancy itself has been identified as a risk factor for trauma, together with a younger age, drug use, alcohol use, and domestic violence. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, who attempted suicide by jumping from a flyover, immediately after a probably deliberate traffic collision with the guardrail...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081983/attitudes-towards-protective-headgear-in-uk-rugby-union-players
#14
Andrew Barnes, James L Rumbold, Peter Olusoga
BACKGROUND/AIM: Concussions in rugby union pose a major threat to player welfare. Research has found protective headgear offers no significant protection against concussions but suggests a large proportion of players perceive headgear to be effective in preventing concussions. This study aimed to explore UK rugby union players' attitudes towards wearing protective headgear. METHODS: 545 rugby union players (85% male) from a range of playing standards completed an online survey...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071378/comparison-of-pecarn-and-catch-clinical-decision-rules-in-children-with-minor-blunt-head-trauma
#15
Ö Bozan, G Aksel, H A Kahraman, Ö Giritli, S E Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Computerized brain tomography (CBT) imaging plays a key role in the management of patients with head trauma, and there is an indication for CBT in moderate and severe injuries. However, it is difficult to determine an indication for CBT in patients with minor head trauma. The primary aim of this study is to compare the efficiency of the most commonly used clinical decision rules: the guidelines of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN), and those of the Canadian Assessment of Tomography for Childhood Head Injury (CATCH)...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052530/health-impacts-of-chemical-irritants-used-for-crowd-control-a-systematic-review-of-the-injuries-and-deaths-caused-by-tear-gas-and-pepper-spray
#16
Rohini J Haar, Vincent Iacopino, Nikhil Ranadive, Sheri D Weiser, Madhavi Dandu
BACKGROUND: Chemical irritants used in crowd control, such as tear gases and pepper sprays, are generally considered to be safe and to cause only transient pain and lacrimation. However, there are numerous reports that use and misuse of these chemicals may cause serious injuries. We aimed to review documented injuries from chemical irritants to better understand the morbidity and mortality associated with these weapons. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using PRISMA guidelines to identify injuries, permanent disabilities, and deaths from chemical irritants worldwide between January 1, 1990 and March 15, 2015...
October 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050391/psychogenic-amnesia-syndromes-outcome-and-patterns-of-retrograde-amnesia
#17
Neil A Harrison, Kate Johnston, Federica Corno, Sarah J Casey, Kimberley Friedner, Kate Humphreys, Eli J Jaldow, Mervi Pitkanen, Michael D Kopelman
There are very few case series of patients with acute psychogenic memory loss (also known as dissociative/functional amnesia), and still fewer studies of outcome, or comparisons with neurological memory-disordered patients. Consequently, the literature on psychogenic amnesia is somewhat fragmented and offers little prognostic value for individual patients. In the present study, we reviewed the case records and neuropsychological findings in 53 psychogenic amnesia cases (ratio of 3:1, males:females), in comparison with 21 consecutively recruited neurological memory-disordered patients and 14 healthy control subjects...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#18
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026884/review-of-the-potential-use-of-blood-neuro-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
REVIEW
Alastair Jones, Paul Jarvis
Head injury is a common presenting complaint amongst emergency department patients. To date, there has been no widespread utilization of neuro-biomarkers to aid the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury. This review article explores which neuro-biomarkers could be used in the emergency department in aiding the clinical diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury. Based on the available evidence, the most promising neuro-biomarkers appear to be Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and Ubiquitin C-Terminal Hydrolase Isozyme L1 (UCH-L1) as these show significant rises in peripheral blood levels shortly after injury and these have been demonstrated to correlate with long-term clinical outcomes...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018821/factors-affecting-unscheduled-return-visits-to-the-emergency-department-among-minor-head-injury-patients
#20
Kuo-Cheng Wang, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Peng-Huei Liu, Cheng-Yu Chien, Ching-Hsing Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Differences between returning and non-returning minor head injury (MHI) emergency department (ED) patients, between the characteristics of the first visit and revisit, and between admitted and nonadmitted returning patients were investigated. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. All discharged ED patients with ICD-9 codes 850.0 to 850.9, 920, and 959.01 in 2013 were enrolled. Patients' demographic data, vital signs, Glasgow Coma Scale, ED diagnosis, length of stay, triage levels, ED examinations performed, and comorbidities were recorded for analysis...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
59534
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"