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Dental Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642921/fracture-behavior-of-single-structure-fiber-reinforced-composite-restorations
#1
Kohji Nagata, Sufyan K Garoushi, Pekka K Vallittu, Noriyuki Wakabayashi, Hidekazu Takahashi, Lippo V J Lassila
Objective: The applications of single-structure fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) in restorative dentistry have not been well reported. This study aimed to clarify the static mechanical properties of anterior crown restorations prepared using two types of single-structure FRC. Materials and methods: An experimental crown restoration was designed for an upper anterior incisor. The restorations were made from IPS Empress CAD for CEREC (Emp), IPS e.max(®) CAD (eMx), experimental single-structure all-FRC (a-FRC), Filtek™ Supreme XTE (XTE), and commercially available single-structure short-FRC (everX Posterior™) (n = 8 for each material) (s-FRC)...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642911/a-retrospective-multicenter-study-comparing-metal-ceramic-and-composite-single-crowns-performed-in-public-general-dentistry-5-year-results
#2
Jennie Overmeer, Birger Narby, Lars Hjalmarsson, Kristina Arnrup, Alf Eliasson
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the 5-year survival and complication rate of metal-ceramic (MC) and composite single crowns performed within Public Dental Service, general dentistry, in three Swedish counties and with patients' gender, tooth position, root canal treatment and the presence of a post-and-core taken into account. Methods Data were collected from dental records of 600 patients who had received either an MC (n = 300) or a composite (n = 300) crown on a premolar or molar tooth in the year 2005 and where 5 years of follow-up data were available...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642562/what-is-the-methodological-quality-of-published-dental-implant-guidelines
#3
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesSix implant dentistry journals with impact factors (2014) assigned by Journal Citation Reports (Clinical Oral Implants Research, Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, European Journal of Oral Implants, The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, Journal of Oral Implantology, and Implant Dentistry) and the Medline database.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected guidelines published between May 2009 and February 2016.Data evaluationFollowing training four reviewers independently applied the Agree II tool (http://www...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#4
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642517/green-dentistry-the-art-and-science-of-sustainable-practice
#5
P Mulimani
Dentistry is highly energy and resource intensive with significant environmental impact. Factors inherent in the profession such as enormous electricity demands of electronic dental equipment, voluminous water requirements, environmental effects of biomaterials (before, during and after clinical use), the use of radiation and the generation of hazardous waste involving mercury, lead etc have contributed towards this. With rising temperatures across the world due to global warming, efforts are being made worldwide to mitigate the effects of environmental damage by resorting to sustainability concepts and green solutions in a myriad of ways...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641822/interim-rehabilitation-of-occlusal-vertical-dimension-using-a-double-crown-retained-removable-dental-prosthesis-with-polyetheretherketone-framework
#6
Sebastian Hahnel, Christian Scherl, Martin Rosentritt
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a polymeric material that has recently been introduced in dentistry and can be used as framework material for fixed and removable dental prostheses. This clinical report describes the fabrication of a double-crown-retained prosthesis with a PEEK framework in a patient with a substantially diminished occlusal vertical dimension. The insertion of the removable dental prosthesis with a PEEK framework resulted in the functional and esthetic rehabilitation of the patient; however, removable dental prostheses fabricated from PEEK should currently be regarded as interim restorations because of the limited available scientific evidence...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633987/a-paradigm-shift-for-bone-quality-in-dentistry-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Shinichiro Kuroshima, Masaru Kaku, Takuya Ishimoto, Muneteru Sasaki, Takayoshi Nakano, Takashi Sawase
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to present the current concept of bone quality based on the proposal by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and some of the cellular and molecular factors that affect bone quality. STUDY SELECTION: This is a literature review which focuses on collagen, biological apatite (BAp), and bone cells such as osteoblasts and osteocytes. RESULTS: In dentistry, the term "bone quality" has long been considered to be synonymous with bone mineral density (BMD) based on radiographic and sensible evaluations...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631546/foundation-for-veterinary-dentistry-veterinary-dental-research-grant
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631539/regional-nerve-blocks-for-equine-dentistry
#10
Molly K Rice
Regional nerve blocks are necessary to facilitate equine oral surgery in the standing sedated patient. Step-by-step instruction on how to perform common regional nerve blocks are discussed, including infraorbital, maxillary, middle mental, and inferior alveolar nerve blocks. Regional nerve blocks are critical when performing dental procedures in the standing horse.(1) The infraorbital and maxillary nerve blocks provide anesthesia of the infraorbital nerve, which is a branch of the maxillary nerve. Both nerve blocks provide adequate anesthesia for all maxillary dental procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631087/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-proportion-and-severity-in-primary-public-school-children-in-graz-austria
#11
Barbara Buchgraber, Lumnije Kqiku, Kurt A Ebeleseder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in primary school children in Graz (southeast of Austria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1111 children aged 6 to 12 years (mean age 9.0 ± 1.2), a wet examination of all teeth was performed by three trained examiners using a dental chair, optimal illumination, a dental mirror, and a dental explorer. All teeth with MIH lesions were registered so that different definitions of MIH were applicable...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630955/chairside-systems-a-current-review
#12
Markus Zaruba, Albert Mehl
Since Cerec (Chairside Economical Restoration of Esthetic Ceramics) was introduced as the first dental chairside computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system in the mid-1980s, this technology has enjoyed growing popularity, particularly in the recent past. There has been a considerable increase in the number of available chairside systems in only the last few years. One of the main reasons for this is that intraoral scanners have become increasingly better, smaller, and faster, while the design software has become more and more user-friendly...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#13
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#14
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624836/evaluation-of-scientific-output-in-dentistry-in-spanish-universities
#15
M De la Flor-Martínez, P Galindo-Moreno, E Sánchez-Fernández, E Abadal, M-J Cobo, E Herrera-Viedma
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the scientific output of Spanish universities that offer a bachelor's degree in dentistry through the use of various bibliometric indicators. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 21 universities offered a bachelor's degree in dentistry in academic year 2016-2017. The search for papers published by authors associated with these institutions was carried out using the selection of journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and the Web of Knowledge database for the period 1986-2017...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622005/patients-perspectives-of-oral-healthcare-providers-communication-considering-the-impact-of-message-source-and-content
#16
Ashley E Fico, Carolyn Lagoe
This study explores patients' perceptions of positive and negative communication experiences with dentists and dental hygienists using a sample of 267 individuals who reported having a general dental provider. Patients' oral health literacy, dental mistrust, use of dental health services, anxiety, and provider satisfaction are examined on the basis of reported communication experiences in the dental context. When comparing participants who had or had not experienced positive communication with a dentist, individuals with positive experiences demonstrated significantly higher levels of oral health literacy and provider satisfaction, as well as lower levels of dental mistrust...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620635/pioneering-strategies-for-relieving-dental-anxiety-in-hearing-impaired-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#17
Shalini Chandrasekhar, Ghanashyam Prasad Madu, Naga Radhakrishna Ambati, Pavani Reddy Suravarapu, Kalyani Uppu, Deepthi Bolla
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Hearing impaired children have a problem in understanding and comprehending with dental treatments. Visual language is the sensible answer of how to improve communication with them. PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of dental sign language in Hearing impaired children in relieving anxiety during stressful dental treatment by improving their means of communication. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry which included 40 Hearing Impaired children meeting inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620442/efficacy-of-nanoceria-for-periodontal-tissues-alteration-in-glutamate-induced-obese-rats-multidisciplinary-considerations-for-personalized-dentistry-and-prevention
#18
Tetyana V Beregova, Karine S Neporada, Maksym Skrypnyk, Tetyana M Falalyeyeva, Nadiya M Zholobak, Oleksandr B Shcherbakov, Mykola Ya Spivak, Rostyslav V Bubnov
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, we face the global epidemic of obesity, that is known to contribute to the development of many diseases, such as the oral cavity pathologies. Dental and oral pathologies are frequently caused by and overlapped with systemic multifactorial diseases such as obesity being its early indicators and risk factors. The aim was to study the influence of nanoceria on periodontal tissues alteration in glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. METHODS: We included 52 Wistar rats of both genders and divided into four groups: newborn rats in group 1 (control) received subcutaneously 8 μl/g saline...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619974/twenty-nine-month-follow-up-of-a-paediatric-zirconia-dental-crown
#19
Serena Lopez Cazaux, Isabelle Hyon, Tony Prud'homme, Sylvie Dajean Trutaud
The aim of this paper is to present the long-term follow-up of one paediatric zirconia crown on a deciduous molar. Preformed crowns are part of the armamentarium in paediatric dentistry. In recent years, aesthetic alternatives to preformed metal crowns have been developed, first preveneered crowns and then zirconia crowns. This paper describes the restoration of a primary molar with a zirconia crown (EZ-Pedo, Loomis, California, USA) in an 8-year-old boy. In this clinical case, the protocol for the implementation and maintenance of zirconia crowns is detailed...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619693/oral-astringent-stimuli-alter-the-enamel-pellicle-s-ultrastructure-as-revealed-by-electron-microscopy
#20
Melanie Rehage, Judith Delius, Thomas Hofmann, Matthias Hannig
OBJECTIVES: This electron microscopic study aimed at investigating effects of oral astringent stimuli on the enamel pellicle's morphology. METHODS: Pellicles were formed in situ within 30min on bovine enamel slabs, fixed to individuals' upper jaw splints. The pellicle-coated specimens were immersed in vitro in seven diverse astringent solutions and subsequently analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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