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Dental Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335054/orbital-mediastinal-and-cervicofacial-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-dental-rehabilitation-in-a-pediatric-patient
#1
William J Boggess, Jeanine Ronan, Neeraj Panchal
Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare possible complication of dental procedures. The majority of the dental literature describes cases of localized areas of subcutaneous emphysema following various dental procedures, with a large number of these cases seen following intraoral surgical procedures. Classically, subcutaneous emphysema occurs within minutes to hours after conclusion of dental procedures and is commonly misdiagnosed as either an allergic reaction or acute post-operative swelling. This case report describes a four-year-old male who underwent dental rehabilitation for routine restorative dentistry without extractions under general anesthesia...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334421/a-survey-of-tooth-morphology-teaching-methods-employed-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#2
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, E J Downer, A Toulouse
BACKGROUND: Tooth morphology is a central component of the dental curriculum and is applicable to all dental specialities. Traditional teaching methods are being supplemented with innovative strategies to tailor teaching and accommodate the learning styles of the recent generation of students. METHODS: An online survey was compiled and distributed to the staff involved in teaching tooth morphology in the United Kingdom and Ireland to assess the importance of tooth morphology in the dentistry curriculum and the methodologies employed in teaching...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327723/the-role-of-the-consultant-in-restorative-dentistry
#3
U R Darbar
The role of a hospital consultant has changed extensively over the past decade as the National Health Service has progressed through a series of challenges including an ageing population and rising costs of clinical care. The traditional concept of a consultant has changed with different and increased expectations of the role as the pressures to deliver high quality patient care, education and advice continue to rise in a difficult financial climate. In addition, consultants in restorative dentistry are faced with the challenge of a poor general awareness of the scope of their speciality and their role...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#4
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#5
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326453/the-use-of-hall-technique-preformed-metal-crowns-by-specialist-paediatric-dentists-in-the-uk
#6
A Roberts, A McKay, S Albadri
Background Hall technique preformed metal crowns (HTPMCs) have been increasing in use recently, but little is currently known about their use by specialists.Aim To investigate the views and usage of HTPMCs by UK specialist paediatric dentists.Design This was a prospective questionnaire-based study, distributed online to all specialists on the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry email list between July and September 2014.Results Ninety-four questionnaires were completed. The majority of respondents, 65% (61) worked in teaching hospitals, followed by community dental services, 37% (35)...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326449/the-future-of-failure-to-warn-in-dentistry-after-montgomery-reflections-from-australia
#7
A C L Holden
The switch from the standard of the reasonable professional, to that of the reasonable patient in cases where it is alleged that a health professional has not imparted sufficient information to allow the gaining of valid consent, has created anxiety and confusion within the dental profession. The ruling in Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board is relatively young; there have been insufficient subsequent cases to truly allow a deep exploration of the real changes that the case will bring to the way dentistry and other health activities are provided...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326443/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-1-the-aesthetic-spectrum-from-perfect-to-personal
#8
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Patients requiring dentures are getting older and as a result can be difficult to treat owing to various co-morbidities. This series of papers presents an overview of the processes involved in making removable dentures which the patient considers to be functionally and aesthetically successful. We hope not only to provide technical suggestions but also to address the issue of the clinician's, technician's and dental nurse's relationships with the dentally depleted patient. It is increasingly clear from defence organisation reports that this has a decisive effect on the success of this fundamentally difficult enterprise ('The only branch of dentistry in which you are trying to attach something to nothing' [Hubert Aïche])...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321613/evaluation-of-in-vivo-digital-root-reconstruction-based-on-anatomical-characteristics-of-the-periodontal-ligament-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#9
Chenxin Wang, Yi Liu, Siwei Wang, Yong Wang, Yijiao Zhao
This study's aim was to develop and validate an approach to automatically extract and reconstruct three-dimensional (3D) digital root models from in vivo teeth based on the anatomical characteristics of the periodontal ligament using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data. Prior to undergoing dental extractions for orthodontic purposes, the CBCT data of each study participant were collected and imported into Mimics software to reconstruct 3D in vivo digital root models (test models). Twenty roots of 17 teeth extracted from the study's participants were scanned using a dental scanner to obtain 3D in vitro digital root models (reference models)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319055/composition-production-rate-and-management-of-dental-solid-waste-in-2017-in-birjand-iran
#10
Habibe Momeni, Seyyedeh Fatemeh Tabatabaei Fard, Aliye Arefinejad, Afsane Afzali, Farkhonde Talebi, Elham Rahmanpour Salmani
BACKGROUND: The presence of toxic and pathogenic agents in the dental waste products has made it to be classified as "hazardous waste." OBJECTIVE: To assess dental waste production rate and composition and approaches used to manage these waste products in 2017 in Birjand, Iran. METHODS: 48 dental clinics were evaluated in two months of 2017. Sampling was performed from each clinic 3 times a week. Samples were manually divided into 5 categories of chemical-pharmaceutical, infectious, semi-household, sharp and cutting materials, and toxic waste products, and weighed...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316874/liposomal-delivery-of-demineralised-dentine-matrix-for-dental-tissue-regeneration
#11
Genevieve Elizabeth Melling, John Colombo, Steven J Avery, Wayne Ayre, Samuel L Evans, Rachel Jane Waddington, Alastair James Sloan
Current dental restorations have short longevity, consequently there is a need for novel tissue engineering strategies that aim to regenerate the dentine-pulp complex. Dentine matrix contains a myriad of bioactive growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins associated with the recruitment, proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp progenitor cells. Here, we show that demineralised dentine matrix (DDM), from non-carious dentine, can be encapsulated into liposomes for delivery to dental tissue to promote regeneration...
January 9, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#12
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316548/determinants-of-dental-care-attendance-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#13
Juliana Schaia Rocha, Letícia Yumi Arima, Renata Iani Werneck, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Márcia Helena Baldani
Despite the fact that dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determinants of dental care attendance during pregnancy. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Medline using relevant keywords...
January 10, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315947/color-in-zirconia-based-restorations-and-related-factors-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Farhad Tabatabaian
Zirconia ceramic is a popular trend in esthetic and restorative dentistry. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems have been well developed to fabricate zirconia frameworks and restorations with acceptable mechanical properties. Zirconia ceramics have excellent optical characteristics; however, achieving optimal esthetic outcomes with zirconia-based restorations is still challenging due to multiple effective factors on the final color. These factors are different layers of a zirconia-based restoration and its underlying structures including: dental substrate, cement, zirconia coping, veneering ceramic, and glaze...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310359/natural-teeth-retained-splint-based-on-a-patient-specific-3d-printed-mandible-used-for-implant-surgery-and-vestibuloplasty-a-case-report
#15
Helin Xing, Jinshuang Wu, Lei Zhou, Sefei Yang
RATIONALE: With respect to improving the quality of oral rehabilitation, the management of keratinized mucosa is as important as bone condition for implant success. To enhance this management, a natural teeth-retained splint based on a patient-specific 3-dimensional (3D) printed mandible was used in vestibuloplasty to provide sufficient keratinized mucosa around dental implants to support long-term implant maintenance. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old male patient had a fracture of the anterior andible 1 year ago, and the fracture was treated with titanium...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304910/benefits-and-harms-of-capnography-during-procedures-involving-moderate-sedation-a-rapid-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
William Parker, Cameron G Estrich, Elliot Abt, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Jonathan B Waugh, Aaron Conway, Ruth D Lipman, Marcelo W B Araujo
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a priority in dentistry. Evaluating the benefits and harms associated with the addition of capnography to standard monitoring during moderate sedation for adult patients in the dental practice setting is needed. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used rapid review methodology to identify relevant systematic reviews, which they updated through a systematic search by using the same search strategy as the identified reviews. The authors searched PubMed and Google Scholar and through the references of the identified systematic reviews, which yielded 2,892 studies...
January 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302288/direct-oral-anticoagulants-and-its-implications-in-dentistry-a-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Neus Lanau, Javier Mareque, Lluis Giner, Michel Zabalza
Background: Four novel direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) named dabigatran, rivaroxaban, edoxaban and apixaban have been recently introduced to overcome some of the drawbacks of existing anticoagulants. They have less interactions and do not require routine monitoring. However, there is not enough scientific data about the protocol to apply in these patients on DOACs undergoing dental treatment. Thus is necessary to evaluate the potential bleeding risk of these drugs, the possibility of thromboembolic events occurring if they are withdrawn or the need to change to heparin previously...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302285/implant-failure-and-history-of-failed-endodontic-treatment-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#18
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
Background: Residual bacterial biofilm and/or bacteria in planktonic form may be survived in the bone following an extraction of an infected tooth that was endodontically treated unsuccessfully Failed endodontic treatment may be associated with failure of implants to osseointegrate in the same sites. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective case-control study is to examine the risk of implant failure in previous failed endodontic sites. Material and Methods: This retrospective case-control study is based on 94 dental records of implants placed at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296109/preventive-orientation-of-iraqi-dentists-in-baghdad-in-2016
#19
Fatin Abd Alsttar Aledhari, Katayoun Sargeran, Mahdia Gholami, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the preventive orientation of Iraqi dentists in terms of their "knowledge" and "attitude" towards caries prevention and to explore their "preventive practice". Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 159 dentists who worked in Baghdad during the summer of 2016. The questionnaires obtained information on variables such as knowledge and attitude towards preventive dentistry, preventive practice and demographic variables and were distributed during the official working time...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290185/non-vascularized-autogenous-bone-grafts-for-reconstruction-of-maxillofacial-osseous-defects
#20
Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Adil Asim, Afeefa Ehsan, Qalab Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of non-vascularized bone grafts for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, from January 2013 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive analyses of 30 patients, who underwent maxillofacial reconstruction with non-vascularized bone grafts, were conducted...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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