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Dental Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921533/dental-treatment-in-the-era-of-new-anti-thrombotic-agents
#1
REVIEW
Sharonit Sahar-Helft, Tali Chackartchi, David Polak, Mordechai Findler
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there have been dramatic changes in anti-thrombotic treatment as a result of new anti-thrombotic agents, as well as changes in the indications for their use. As a consequence, dentists are encountering larger numbers of patients who are undergoing anti-thrombotic treatment and who have increased risk for bleeding. The current paper aims to review the literature regarding up-to-date anti-thrombotic treatment and provide information regarding their implications on dentistry...
September 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920969/-disease-burden-of-extreme-treatment-anxiety-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-and-without-extreme-dental-treatment-anxiety
#2
J H Vermaire, C M H H van Houtem, J N Ross, A A Schuller
In this study, a comparison was made between disease-specific (oral health-related) quality of life (OHQoL), measured with the OHIP-14 questionnaire, and generic (general health-related) quality of life (GHQoL), measured with the EQ5D-5L questionnaire, in patients with and without extreme dental treatment anxiety. A total of 76 patients who could not be treated due to extreme dental treatment anxiety were referred to a centre for special dentistry. These patients were matched, according to age, gender and socioeconomic status, with participants in an epidemiological study on oral health (n = 1125)...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920112/implant-and-endodontic-treatment-selection-are-influenced-by-patients-demographic-characteristics-insurance-status-and-medical-history-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine any potential association between demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, dental insurance, and medical and tobacco history between patients that received endodontic treatment or extraction and implant treatment in a university dental clinic. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Dental charts of patients who received root canal treatment and implant therapy were retrieved from the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry records...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917571/academy-of-dental-materials-guidance-resin-composites-part-ii-technique-sensitivity-handling-polymerization-dimensional-changes
#4
J L Ferracane, T J Hilton, J W Stansbury, D C Watts, N Silikas, N Ilie, S Heintze, M Cadenaro, R Hickel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work, commissioned by the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise test methods to characterize properties related to critical issues for dental resin composites, including technique sensitivity and handling, polymerization, and dimensional stability, in order to provide specific guidance to investigators planning studies of these properties. METHODS: The properties that relate to each of the main clinical issues identified were ranked in terms of their priority for testing, and the specific test methods within each property were ranked...
September 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914239/road-blocks-perceived-by-the-dentists-toward-the-treatment-of-early-childhood-caries-in-chennai-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Habibkhan Faizunisa, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly, Mohammed Junaid, Selvaperumal Vaishnavi, J E Nijesh, Mohammed Musthafa
BACKGROUND: The problem of early childhood caries remains a worldwide public concern, as most of the caries remains untreated. Despite advances in dental care, most children fail to benefit from oral health-care services not only due to differences in attitudes in parents but also in oral health-care providers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine the road blocks perceived by the dentist in Chennai, toward the treatment of early childhood caries...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#6
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
September 14, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910382/refining-experimental-dental-implant-testing-in-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-using-3d-computed-tomography-a-morphometric-study-of-the-mandibular-canal
#7
Giuliano M Corte, Johanna Plendl, Hana Hünigen, Kenneth C Richardson, Ole Gemeinhardt, Stefan M Niehues
This study reports morphometric and age-related data of the mandibular canal and the alveolar ridge of the Göttingen Minipig to avoid complications during in vivo testing of endosseus dental implants and to compare these data with the human anatomy. Using 3D computed tomography, six parameters of the mandibular canal as well as the alveolar bone height and the alveolar ridge width were measured in Göttingen Minipigs aged 12, 17 and 21 months. Our null hypothesis assumes that the age and the body mass have an influence on the parameters measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910240/special-section-on-dental-public-health-a-collaboration-between-the-canadian-journal-of-public-health-and-the-canadian-association-of-public-health-dentistry
#8
Lindsay McLaren, Raphael Figueiredo
No abstract available.
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904309/evaluation-of-black-spaces-between-maxillary-central-incisors-by-dentistry-students-and-laypeople
#9
Erdem Ayyıldız, Enes Tan, Hakan Keklik, Ahmet A Celebi, Matheus M Pithon
This study aimed to compare the perception of smile esthetics and alterations among dentistry degree students and laypeople to identify differences in the esthetic perception of black spaces between the maxillary central incisors among Turkish laypeople and students in different study years. Photographs altered to include black spaces of various sizes at the midline were evaluated by 208 dentistry students in years 1-5 and 45 Turkish laypeople. Perceptional differences in different photographs were statistically significant...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902241/light-curing-in-dentistry-and-clinical-implications-a-literature-review
#10
Frederick Allen Rueggeberg, Marcelo Giannini, Cesar Augusto Galvão Arrais, Richard Bengt Thomas Price
Contemporary dentistry literally cannot be performed without use of resin-based restorative materials. With the success of bonding resin materials to tooth structures, an even wider scope of clinical applications has arisen for these lines of products. Understanding of the basic events occurring in any dental polymerization mechanism, regardless of the mode of activating the process, will allow clinicians to both better appreciate the tremendous improvements that have been made over the years, and will also provide valuable information on differences among strategies manufacturers use to optimize product performance, as well as factors under the control of the clinician, whereby they can influence the long-term outcome of their restorative procedures...
August 28, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902237/bonding-efficiency-and-durability-current-possibilities
#11
Adriana Bona Matos, Livia Tosi Trevelin, Beatriz Togoro Ferreira da Silva, Luciana Fávaro Francisconi-Dos-Rios, Luciana Kfouri Siriani, Marcio Vivan Cardoso
Bonding plays a major role in dentistry nowadays. Dental adhesives are used in association with composites to solve many restorative issues. However, the wide variety of bonding agents currently available makes it difficult for clinicians to choose the best alternative in terms of material and technique, especially when different clinical situations are considered. Moreover, although bonding agents allow for a more conservative restorative approach, achieving a durable adhesive interface remains a matter of concern, and this mainly due to degradation of the bonding complex in the challenging oral environment...
August 28, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894542/perceptions-of-an-integrated-curriculum-among-dental-students-in-a-public-university-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Khulood Sami Hussein
BACKGROUND: Being aware of the limits of traditional discipline-based education, the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) tasked basic medical science faculty members with developing a new integrated curriculum for undergraduate dental students to be applied in the 2014/2015 academic year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the students' perceptions of the restructured curriculum and elicit student suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all first-year dental undergraduate students (n=192) enrolled in the academic year of 2014/2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893540/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-odontogenic-infections-what-is-the-best-choice-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
João Roig Martins, Otacílio Luiz Chagas Júnior, Bibiana Dalsasso Velasques, Ângelo Niemczewski Bobrowski, Marcos Britto Correa, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: Odontogenic infections are a common problem in dentistry, and their treatment often requires the use of antibiotics besides the removal of the source of infection, which frequently makes it more difficult for clinicians to make a decision regarding the choice of antibiotic. This study aimed to answer the following questions through the PICO format: When should antibiotics be used in dental infections (DIs)? Which are the most effective drugs? How long should antibiotics be administered? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a systematic review using the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases without restriction as to the period researched...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893042/clinical-assessment-of-various-obturating-techniques-for-primary-teeth-a-comparative-study
#14
Mahima Gandhi, Sandeep Tandon, Akshat Vijay, Garima Kalia, Khushboo Rathore
INTRODUCTION: Lifelong preservation of tooth in a healthy state is the ultimate goal of dentistry. Premature loss of primary teeth is common due to caries, dental trauma or other causes. As the primary teeth are the best space maintainers, teeth with infected pulps should be retained until exfoliation, whenever possible. AIM: The purpose of this in vivo study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of different obturating methods used in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty one patients aged four to nine years with a total of 60 teeth were selected...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#15
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890621/soft-tissue-applications-of-er-cr-ysgg-laser-in-pediatric-dentistry
#16
Gyanendra Kumar, Ferah Rehman, Vivek Chaturvedy
Soft tissue laser, such as diode and Nd:YAG lasers were initially used in soft tissue lesions because of its increased success rate. It was because of the fact that these lasers were well-absorbed by chromophores, such as hemoglobin and melanin which are found abundant in the oral mucosa. The introduction of erbium family in 1990 comprising the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers made the hard tissue laser a boon for dentistry. Erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) was introduced in 1997 for the surgical needs of clinical dentistry in general practice...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890614/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-rates-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-ferric-sulfate-and-bioactive-tricalcium-silicate-cement-an-in-vivo-study
#17
Kavita Sirohi, Mohita Marwaha, Anil Gupta, Kalpana Bansal, Ankit Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Formocresol has been a popular pulpotomy medicament for many years. It is considered the "gold standard" in pediatric dentistry. However, concerns have been raised over its use in children. It has been reported that formocresol has toxic and mutagenic effects in cell culture, dental crypts, and precancerous epithelial cells. Therefore, additional biocompatible treatment alternatives are required to replace formocresol pulpotomy. AIMS: This study compared the clinical and radiographic success rates of ferric sulfate (FS) and bioactive tricalcium silicate cement (Biodentine, Septodont) as pulpotomy agents in primary molar teeth over a period of 9 months...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#18
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886768/dental-impression-materials-and-techniques
#19
REVIEW
Amit Punj, Despoina Bompolaki, Jorge Garaicoa
Dental impression making is the process of creating a negative form of the teeth and oral tissues, into which gypsum or other die materials can be processed to create working analogues. Contemporary dentistry generates new information every year and digital dentistry is becoming established and influential. Although dentists should stay abreast of new technologies, some of the conventional materials and time-tested techniques remain widely used. It is important to review the impression-making process to ensure that practitioners have up-to-date information about how to safely and effectively capture the exact form of the oral tissues to provide optimal patient management...
October 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886765/an-overview-of-dental-adhesive-systems-and-the-dynamic-tooth-adhesive-interface
#20
REVIEW
Ana Bedran-Russo, Ariene A Leme-Kraus, Cristina M P Vidal, Erica C Teixeira
From the conception of resin-enamel adhesion to today's contemporary dental adhesive systems, clinicians are no longer afraid of exploring the many advantages brought by adhesive restorative concepts. To maximize the performance of adhesive-based restorative procedures, practitioners must be familiar with the mechanism of adhesion, clinical indications, proper handling, the inherent limitations of the materials and the biological challenges. This review provides an overview of the current status of restorative dental adhesives, their mechanism of adhesion, mechanisms of degradation of dental adhesive interfaces, how to maximize performance, and future trends in adhesive dentistry...
October 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
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