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Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Gustavo Camino, Debra A Russo, Michelle Painter, Angel L Montejo, Susana Ochoa, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
It is still unclear to what extent personality may influence the development of psychosis. We aimed to explore significant personality traits in individuals at high-risk (HR) for psychosis. Personalities of forty HR individuals and a matched sample of 40 healthy volunteers (HVs) were evaluated with the Millon Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). They were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI-II and BAI), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
Claudia Pignolo, Santo Di Nuovo, Mario Fulcheri, Adriana Lis, Claudia Mazzeschi, Alessandro Zennaro
The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) has been translated into different languages (e.g., Spanish, German, and Greek) and several authors investigated psychometric properties, internal structure, and the convergent validity of translated versions of the PAI. Recently, an Italian version of the test has been published, but its psychometric properties has never been explored. The aims of the present study were: (a) to examine the hypothesized subscale structure of scales that have subscales, (b) to evaluate the internal structure of the 22 PAI full scales, and (c) to report on the convergent validity of the PAI scales with the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) scales...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
Ali Fakharri, Ali Jahani, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Asghar Mohammadpour Asl
INTRODUCTION: Psychological factors have always been considered for their role on risk taking behavior such as substance abuse, risky driving and smoking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between smoking behavior and potential personality patterns among high school students in Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: Through a multistage sampling in a cross-sectional study, 1000 students were enrolled to represent the final grade high school student population of Tabriz, Iran in 2013...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
Alba Garcia-Fontanals, Mariona Portell, Susanna García-Blanco, Violant Poca-Dias, Ferran García-Fructuoso, Marina López-Ruiz, Teresa Gutiérrez-Rosado, Montserrat Gomà-I-Freixanet, Joan Deus
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients may present psychopathology and some characteristic personality traits that may affect their adaptation to the disease. This paper aims to study the relationship between personality dimensions according to the psychobiological model of Cloninger and the presence of psychopathology. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 42 patients with FM and 38 healthy controls. The assessment instruments administered were the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III)...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
Miguel A García-Carretero, José P Novalbos-Ruiz, María Robles-Martínez, María A Jordán-Quintero, Cristina O'Ferrall-González
AIMS: Assess the prevalence of dual pathology in patients with alcohol dependence and describe the psychopathological profile of mental disorders, impulsiveness, ADHD presence and craving. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional study about dual pathology, carried out on 102 patients undergoing outpatient treatment. The presence of dual pathology is established by means of the MINI-5 interview and the MCMI-III test; DSM-IV being used as the alcohol abuse criteria. Impulsiveness, ADHD presence, craving and quality of life were measured through SIS, ASRSv1, MACS and SF-36...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Maria Teresa Gargano, Grazia Serantoni, Fiorella Ceppi, Marco D'Alema, Luisella Ferraris, Paola Innocente, Fiorella Lanzi, Andrea Narracci, Federico Russo, Marcella Venier
AIM: The main aim of this study is to investigate the burden in relatives of psychiatric patients attending long-term psychodynamic multifamily groups (18 months) of some Mental Health Departments of Lazio Region. A further aim is to verify if the decrease of the burden and the group participation are associated with a reduction of psychiatric symptoms in patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 13 patients (10 men and 3 women) with severe personality disorder with at least one psychotic episode and 42 caregivers (15 men and 27 women)...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Andrea Pozza, Nicoletta Giaquinta, Davide Dèttore
Pathological skin picking (SP) is a strongly impairing condition characterized by repetitive picking behaviors resulting in significant tissue damage and distress. Recent research suggested the presence of different subtypes of SP. No study has investigated which personality traits could be specifically associated with different subtypes. In a community sample (N=285, 71.20% females, mean age =34.98 years, standard deviation =15.91), this cross-sectional study investigated which personality traits and emotion regulation deficits could predict specific SP subtypes...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Ask Elklit, Philip Hyland, Siobhan Murphy, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common occurrence and a robust, yet non-specific, predictor of adult psychopathology. While many demographic and abuse factors have been shown to impact this relationship, their common and specific effects remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess the prevalence of Axis I disorders in a large sample of help-seeking victims of sexual trauma, and to examine the common and specific effects of demographic and abuse characteristics across these different diagnoses...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Emanuela S Gritti, Douglas B Samuel, Margherita Lang
A particularly controversial aspect in the field of personality assessment is the use of self-report measures, versus clinicians' evaluations, for diagnosing personality disorder (PD). No studies have systematically documented the agreement between these sources for the entire array of DSM-5 PDs using comprehensive measures and experienced clinicians' judgments. The present work fills this gap by indexing the agreement between patients' self-descriptions and clinicians' judgments, relying on standardized and thorough PD instruments...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Alfonso Arteaga, Javier Fernández-Montalvo, José J López-Goñi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence of aggressors with lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) among patients in the Proyecto Hombre of Navarra (Spain) addiction treatment programme; and second, to know the specific and differential characteristics of patients presenting IPV as aggressors. METHODS: A sample of 162 patients (119 men and 43 women) was assessed. Data on socio-demographic and substance consumption characteristics, IPV variables, psychopathological symptoms, and personality variables were obtained...
December 2015: American Journal on Addictions
Amin Zirakbash, Farah Naderi, Mir Salahedin Enayati
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at determining the causal relationship of metacognitive beliefs as a mediator between one of early maladaptive schemas including (emotional deprivation, abandonment, mistrust/abuse, social isolation/alienation and defectiveness/shame) and borderline and antisocial personality patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study type has been relational and seeking causal modeling of path analysis has been used. The population used in this study included outpatients in counseling, psychological and psychiatric centers in 2012-2013...
2015: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Zahra Zeinodini, Zeynab Khanjani, Hamid Poorsharifi, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Individuals with certain personality disorders, especially the antisocial and borderline personality disorders, are more prone to substance use disorders. OBJECTIVES: Regarding the importance of substance use disorders, this study aimed to explore the association between personality disorders and types of used drugs (narcotics and stimulants) in Iranian male substance users. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The current study was a correlation study...
June 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
James P Choca, Seth D Grossman
Dr. Theodore Millon (1928-2014) was a primary architect for the personality disorders in the DSM-III, a structure that has endured into the DSM-5. His 1969 book, Modern Psychopathology, created an elegant framework into which the well-known personality prototypes could be fitted and understood. His theoretical work soon led into the creation of several psychological inventories, most notably the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI). The MCMI, now in preparation for its 4th major edition, has been a very popular instrument among clinicians...
2015: Journal of Personality Assessment
Chiara C Incerti, Ornella Argento, Valerio Pisani, Rosalba Mannu, Giuseppe Magistrale, Giancarlo Di Battista, Carlo Caltagirone, Ugo Nocentini
Neuropsychiatric abnormalities are frequently reported in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies have investigated the neurotic aspects of psychopathology, and the importance of the personality structure underlying neurotic symptoms has only recently been reconsidered. The aim of our study was to investigate the frequency and type of personality profiles in MS using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). We evaluated 77 nondemented patients with MS using physical disability scales and self-report questionnaires focused on mood, fatigue, and personality...
2015: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Hossein Dadashzadeh, Shahrokh Amiri, Ahmad Atapour, Salman Abdi, Mahan Asadian
OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out aiming to identify the personality profile of parents of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study is of a descriptive, analytic, cross-sectional type in which parents of 6-12-year-old children with ADHD who were referred to the Bozorgmehr Psychiatric Clinic, affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, were enrolled. ADHD was diagnosed according to the criteria of DSM-IV-TR and a quasi-structured diagnostic interview (K-SADS-PL)...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
Elisabetta Scaruffi, Alessandra Gambineri, Stefania Cattaneo, Jenni Turra, Roberto Vettor, Roberto Mioni
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrine disorder among fertile women. Studies show reduced quality of life, anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction, eating disorder, and sexual dysfunction, but the etiology of these disturbs remains still debated. The aim of our study is to verify whether this hyperandrogenic syndrome characterizes a strong psycho(patho)logical personality. METHOD: Sixty PCOS subjects (mean age 25.8 ± 4...
2014: Frontiers in Endocrinology
C Mosti, B Locklair, A Lyon, T Swirsky-Sacchetti
OBJECTIVE: The literature suggests that mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) patients may have the highest incidence of failed symptom validity testing versus other neurological populations. Likewise, mTBI populations present with the greatest sleep disturbance compared to more severe forms of TBI. Although higher incidence of failed symptom validity testing and increased sleep disturbance has been independently documented in mTBI patients, the specific relationship between sleep disturbance/quality and symptom validity performance has yet to be evaluated in this population...
September 2014: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
A Arentoft, K Van Dyk, A Thames, P Sayegh, N Thaler, D Schonfeld, S Castellon, C Hinkin
OBJECTIVE: This study examined cognitive, psychiatric, and personality factors associated with risk behavior in HIV+ men and women to help clinicians identify vulnerable individuals and inform more focused interventions. METHOD: Data were collected from an ethnically-diverse, community-based sample of HIV+ men (n = 228) and women (n = 48). Risk was defined as the number of drug-related (i.e., injection drug use, needle sharing) or sexual risk-taking behaviors (i...
September 2014: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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