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Maria Teresa Gargano, Grazia Serantoni, Fiorella Ceppi, Marco D'Alema, Luisella Ferraris, Paola Innocente, Fiorella Lanzi, Andrea Narracci, Federico Russo, Marcella Venier
AIM: The main aim of this study is to investigate the burden in relatives of psychiatric patients attending long-term psychodynamic multifamily groups (18 months) of some Mental Health Departments of Lazio Region. A further aim is to verify if the decrease of the burden and the group participation are associated with a reduction of psychiatric symptoms in patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 13 patients (10 men and 3 women) with severe personality disorder with at least one psychotic episode and 42 caregivers (15 men and 27 women)...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Andrea Pozza, Nicoletta Giaquinta, Davide Dèttore
Pathological skin picking (SP) is a strongly impairing condition characterized by repetitive picking behaviors resulting in significant tissue damage and distress. Recent research suggested the presence of different subtypes of SP. No study has investigated which personality traits could be specifically associated with different subtypes. In a community sample (N=285, 71.20% females, mean age =34.98 years, standard deviation =15.91), this cross-sectional study investigated which personality traits and emotion regulation deficits could predict specific SP subtypes...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Ask Elklit, Philip Hyland, Siobhan Murphy, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common occurrence and a robust, yet non-specific, predictor of adult psychopathology. While many demographic and abuse factors have been shown to impact this relationship, their common and specific effects remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess the prevalence of Axis I disorders in a large sample of help-seeking victims of sexual trauma, and to examine the common and specific effects of demographic and abuse characteristics across these different diagnoses...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Emanuela S Gritti, Douglas B Samuel, Margherita Lang
A particularly controversial aspect in the field of personality assessment is the use of self-report measures, versus clinicians' evaluations, for diagnosing personality disorder (PD). No studies have systematically documented the agreement between these sources for the entire array of DSM-5 PDs using comprehensive measures and experienced clinicians' judgments. The present work fills this gap by indexing the agreement between patients' self-descriptions and clinicians' judgments, relying on standardized and thorough PD instruments...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Personality Disorders
Alfonso Arteaga, Javier Fernández-Montalvo, José J López-Goñi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence of aggressors with lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) among patients in the Proyecto Hombre of Navarra (Spain) addiction treatment programme; and second, to know the specific and differential characteristics of patients presenting IPV as aggressors. METHODS: A sample of 162 patients (119 men and 43 women) was assessed. Data on socio-demographic and substance consumption characteristics, IPV variables, psychopathological symptoms, and personality variables were obtained...
December 2015: American Journal on Addictions
Amin Zirakbash, Farah Naderi, Mir Salahedin Enayati
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at determining the causal relationship of metacognitive beliefs as a mediator between one of early maladaptive schemas including (emotional deprivation, abandonment, mistrust/abuse, social isolation/alienation and defectiveness/shame) and borderline and antisocial personality patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study type has been relational and seeking causal modeling of path analysis has been used. The population used in this study included outpatients in counseling, psychological and psychiatric centers in 2012-2013...
2015: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Zahra Zeinodini, Zeynab Khanjani, Hamid Poorsharifi, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Individuals with certain personality disorders, especially the antisocial and borderline personality disorders, are more prone to substance use disorders. OBJECTIVES: Regarding the importance of substance use disorders, this study aimed to explore the association between personality disorders and types of used drugs (narcotics and stimulants) in Iranian male substance users. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The current study was a correlation study...
June 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
James P Choca, Seth D Grossman
Dr. Theodore Millon (1928-2014) was a primary architect for the personality disorders in the DSM-III, a structure that has endured into the DSM-5. His 1969 book, Modern Psychopathology, created an elegant framework into which the well-known personality prototypes could be fitted and understood. His theoretical work soon led into the creation of several psychological inventories, most notably the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI). The MCMI, now in preparation for its 4th major edition, has been a very popular instrument among clinicians...
2015: Journal of Personality Assessment
Chiara C Incerti, Ornella Argento, Valerio Pisani, Rosalba Mannu, Giuseppe Magistrale, Giancarlo Di Battista, Carlo Caltagirone, Ugo Nocentini
Neuropsychiatric abnormalities are frequently reported in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies have investigated the neurotic aspects of psychopathology, and the importance of the personality structure underlying neurotic symptoms has only recently been reconsidered. The aim of our study was to investigate the frequency and type of personality profiles in MS using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). We evaluated 77 nondemented patients with MS using physical disability scales and self-report questionnaires focused on mood, fatigue, and personality...
2015: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Hossein Dadashzadeh, Shahrokh Amiri, Ahmad Atapour, Salman Abdi, Mahan Asadian
OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out aiming to identify the personality profile of parents of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study is of a descriptive, analytic, cross-sectional type in which parents of 6-12-year-old children with ADHD who were referred to the Bozorgmehr Psychiatric Clinic, affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, were enrolled. ADHD was diagnosed according to the criteria of DSM-IV-TR and a quasi-structured diagnostic interview (K-SADS-PL)...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
Elisabetta Scaruffi, Alessandra Gambineri, Stefania Cattaneo, Jenni Turra, Roberto Vettor, Roberto Mioni
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrine disorder among fertile women. Studies show reduced quality of life, anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction, eating disorder, and sexual dysfunction, but the etiology of these disturbs remains still debated. The aim of our study is to verify whether this hyperandrogenic syndrome characterizes a strong psycho(patho)logical personality. METHOD: Sixty PCOS subjects (mean age 25.8 ± 4...
2014: Frontiers in Endocrinology
C Mosti, B Locklair, A Lyon, T Swirsky-Sacchetti
OBJECTIVE: The literature suggests that mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) patients may have the highest incidence of failed symptom validity testing versus other neurological populations. Likewise, mTBI populations present with the greatest sleep disturbance compared to more severe forms of TBI. Although higher incidence of failed symptom validity testing and increased sleep disturbance has been independently documented in mTBI patients, the specific relationship between sleep disturbance/quality and symptom validity performance has yet to be evaluated in this population...
September 2014: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
A Arentoft, K Van Dyk, A Thames, P Sayegh, N Thaler, D Schonfeld, S Castellon, C Hinkin
OBJECTIVE: This study examined cognitive, psychiatric, and personality factors associated with risk behavior in HIV+ men and women to help clinicians identify vulnerable individuals and inform more focused interventions. METHOD: Data were collected from an ethnically-diverse, community-based sample of HIV+ men (n = 228) and women (n = 48). Risk was defined as the number of drug-related (i.e., injection drug use, needle sharing) or sexual risk-taking behaviors (i...
September 2014: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Ettore Salsano, Giorgio Marotta, Valentina Manfredi, Anna Rita Giovagnoli, Laura Farina, Mario Savoiardo, Davide Pareyson, Riccardo Benti, Graziella Uziel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cerebral glucose metabolism in subjects with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) by using brain [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose PET (FDG-PET). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which 12 adults with various forms of X-ALD underwent clinical evaluation and brain MRI, followed by brain FDG-PET, neuropsychological assessment, and personality and psychopathology evaluation using the Symptom Checkist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III)...
September 9, 2014: Neurology
Lorenzo Pelizza, Federica Bonazzi, Sara Scaltriti, Bruna Milli, Chierici Giuseppina
BACKGROUND: The term "brittle" is used to described an uncommon subgroup of type I diabetics whose lives are disrupted by severe glycaemic instability with repeated and prolonged hospitalization. Psychosocial problems are the major perceived underlying causes of brittle behaviour. Aim of this study is a systematic psychopathological assessment of brittleness using specific parameters of general psychopathology and personality traits following the multiaxial format (axis I and II) of the current DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for mental disorders...
2014: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Carlos J van-der Hofstadt, Jesús Rodríguez-Marín, Fermín Martínez-Zaragoza, Carlos de Santiago-Guervós
BACKGROUND: Although the psychological assessment of potential living kidney donors (PLKD) is part of the recommendations for action for any transplant coordination, there are not many studies that provide data about the importance of selecting donors for improving transplant outcomes. This work aims to raise awareness of potential kidney donors by designing methods for early detection of potential problems after the transplant, as well as by selecting the most suitable donors. METHODS: This is a study of 25 PLKD drawn from the General University Hospital of Alicante...
October 2013: Colombia Médica: CM
Lawrence Josephs, Avihay Sanders, Bernard S Gorman
This study reflects an assessment of the relationship between change in defensive functioning and change in the therapeutic interaction during an eight-year treatment episode of an older personality disordered woman. The patient, Ms. Q, possessed schizoid, avoidant, and depressive personality disorders as well as major depression as assessed by the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). At the end of the treatment episode, Ms. Q still possessed an avoidant personality disorder and significant depressive personality traits but no longer possessed clinically significant schizoid traits or major depression...
June 2014: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Jorge Osma, Azucena García-Palacios, Cristina Botella, Juan Ramón Barrada
BACKGROUND: No studies have been found that compared the psychopathology features, including personality disorders, of Panic Disorder (PD) and Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia (PDA), and a nonclinical sample with anxiety vulnerability. METHOD: The total sample included 152 participants, 52 in the PD/PDA, 45 in the high anxiety sensitivity (AS) sample, and 55 in the nonclinical sample. The participants in PD/PDA sample were evaluated with the structured interview ADIS-IV...
May 2014: Psicothema
Carmen Corral, Esther Calvete
Personality disorders (PDs) are highly prevalent among perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Schema Therapy proposes a number of early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) that are involved in the development of PDs. This study examined the prevalence of PD traits in a sample of men who committed violence against their partners and the relationship between EMSs domains and PD traits. With this aim, a sample of 119 convicted men completed the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF; Young & Brown, 1994) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III; Millon, Millon, & Davis, 1994)...
2014: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Alba Catalá-Miñana, Kate Walker, Erica Bowen, Marisol Lila
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a ubiquitous and serious problem, the prevalence of which varies greatly around the world. Previous research shows that cultural factors interact with personality and that this interaction influences cognitions, attitudes, and behaviors that are related to personal and individual styles of resolving conflicts. In relation to this, the present study has three aims: comparing the self-reported IPV (physical, psychological and sexual) of English and Spanish offenders, comparing the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III (MCMI-III) scores of the two groups, and examining the association between country of origin, psychopathology, and IPV...
January 16, 2014: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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