Read by QxMD icon Read


Camila D Odio, Megan Carroll, Susan Glass, Ashley Bauman, Faye S Taxman, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Women in the criminal justice (CJ) system experience complex and comorbid medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders, which often contribute to CJ involvement. To identify intersections between CJ and health needs, we calculated Spearman r correlations between concurrent CJ and clinical assessments from women on probation in Connecticut who were enrolled in a clinical trial. We examined longitudinal trends in CJ risk scores over 9 years of observation (2005-2014), modeling time to probation recidivism with shared gamma frailty models and comparing contiguous time points by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests...
April 7, 2018: Health & Justice
Nathan J Doogan, Keith L Warren
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic communities (TCs) maintain order and encourage behavior change through a system of peer corrections. This study is the first quantitative analysis of the dynamics of the exchange of peer corrections at TCs. OBJECTIVES: We applied longitudinal social network analysis to compare the reactions of TC residents to peer versus staff intervention, while analyzing dynamics of correction exchange among residents. METHOD: The data consisted of a large database of staff and peer affirmations and corrections at four therapeutic community units that occurred between the years 2006 and 2008...
May 3, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Evan M Lowder, Sarah L Desmarais, Candalyn B Rade, Kiersten L Johnson, Richard A Van Dorn
Risk assessment instruments are increasingly used in mental health jail diversion programs. This study examined the reliability and validity of Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) and Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) assessments overall and by client race. Research assistants completed START and LSI-R assessments for 95 diversion clients. Arrests and jail days were collected via official records and self-report 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months after baseline. Assessments demonstrated good interrater reliability and convergent validity...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
Zhenbo Mo, Tibor Szilvási, Yu-Peng Zhou, Shenglai Yao, Matthias Driess
The first single-component N-heterocyclic silylene borane 1 (LSi-R-BMes2 ; L=PhC(N(t) Bu)2 ; R=1,12-xanthendiyl spacer; Mes=2,4,6-Me3 C6 H2 ), acting as a frustrated Lewis pair (FLP) in small-molecule activation, can be synthesized in 65 % yields. Its HOMO is largely localized at the silicon(II) atom and the LUMO has mainly boron 2p character. In small-molecule activation 1 allows access to the intramolecular silanone-borane 3 featuring a Si=O→B interaction through reaction with O2 , N2 O, or CO2 , and formation of silanethione borane 4 from reaction with S8 ...
February 27, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Anthony M Tarescavage, Bruce M Cappo, Yossef S Ben-Porath
This study examined the association between scores on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) with static and dynamic risk assessment instruments, including the STATIC-99 and Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R). The sample included 304 male adults who were convicted of sexual offenses against children and were referred to a sex offender treatment program. On average, the sample had a Low-Moderate risk of re-offending according to the STATIC-99 and LSI-R. The results indicated that MMPI-2-RF scale scores in this setting are characterized by relatively high levels of under-reporting and externalizing psychopathology compared with the normative sample...
August 31, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Natalie Bonfine, Christian Ritter, Mark R Munetz
The two primary goals of mental health courts are to engage individuals with severe mental illness in the criminal justice system with clinical mental health services and to prevent future involvement with the criminal justice system. An important factor in helping to achieve both goals is to identify participants' level of clinical needs and criminogenic risk/needs. This study seeks to better understand how criminogenic risk affects outcomes in a mental health court. Specifically, we explore if high criminogenic risk is associated with failure to complete mental health court...
March 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Matthew P Ithurburn, Mark V Paterno, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, Laura C Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Young athletes who have had anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction demonstrate suboptimal rates of return to sport, high rates of second ACL injuries, and persistent movement asymmetries. Therefore, the influence of musculoskeletal impairments on movement mechanics in this population needs to be further evaluated. HYPOTHESIS: The primary hypothesis was that among young athletes who have had ACL reconstruction, those with greater quadriceps strength asymmetry would demonstrate altered single-leg drop-landing mechanics at return to sport compared with individuals with more symmetric quadriceps strength and also compared with healthy controls (ie, those with no ACL reconstruction)...
November 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Maria R Silva, Ana Alarcão, Teresa Ferreira, Maria d'Aguiar, Ana Ladeirinha, Sandra Balseiro, Lina Carvalho
PURPOSE: The use of trastuzumab (Herceptin) to target HER2 has been applied in breast carcinoma and gastric carcinoma (GC). Previous studies have tested trastuzumab's effectiveness by assessing HER2 expression or HER2 amplification by means of immunohistochemistry (IHC) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In this work we aimed to evaluate automated FISH and IHC technologies for HER2 detection in GC biopsies to be used in routine pathology practice. METHODS: The study used an Oracle HER2 IHC System and an LSI HER2/CEP17 Dual Probe on an automated Bond system (Leica Microsystems)...
February 28, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Yu-Ming Chang, Amy C Tsai, Alexander Gutierrez, Marta Flory, Rutuparna Sarangi, Akifumi Fujita, Thomas Brahler, Cindy L Christiansen, Osamu Sakai
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to support the standard clinical assumption that preferential right-sided injection (RSI) over left-sided injection (LSI) results in improved head and neck computed tomography angiograms and to determine which patients most benefit from RSIs. METHODS: Head and neck computed tomography angiograms of 453 RSIs and 419 LSIs were included. Interactions between injection side, age, weight, body mass index, and left ventricular ejection fraction with mean vessel Hounsfield units (HU) were compared...
September 2015: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Alan Buttars, Matthew T Huss, Carl Brack
There exists a valid concern among forensic psychology scholars that measures intended for sexual offenders have plateaued in their predictive accuracy. The current study examined this concern using the "coffee can" methodology of Kroner, Mills, and Reddon (2005). The Iowa Sex Offender Risk Assessment (ISORA8), Level of Service Inventory - Revised (LSI-R), and Static-99R were used to predict various methods of detected recidivism (general, sexual, and violent recidivism) as compared to three randomly generated measures and a weighted generated measure...
September 2015: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Luciana Labanca, Luca Laudani, Federica Menotti, Jacopo Rocchi, Pier Paolo Mariani, Arrigo Giombini, Fabio Pigozzi, Andrea Macaluso
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine whether asymmetrical lower limb loading early after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (1 mo) can predict asymmetrical lower limb loading at the time of return to sport (6 mos) and whether other early predictors as knee joint range of motion or maximal isometric strength affect this relationship. DESIGN: Ground reaction forces were measured during a sit-to-stand task 1 mo after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and a vertical countermovement jump 6 mos after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in 58 athletes...
April 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Christin Zwolski, Laura C Schmitt, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Staci Thomas, Timothy E Hewett, Mark V Paterno
BACKGROUND: An objective assessment of quadriceps strength after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is an important clinical measure to determine readiness to return to sport (RTS). Not all clinicians are equipped with the means to objectively quantify quadriceps strength limb symmetry indices (Q-LSIs) via lower extremity isokinetic dynamometers, as recommended by previous studies. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the International Knee Documentation Committee 2000 Subjective Knee Form (IKDC) score at time of RTS was a predictor of quadriceps strength in a young, athletic population after ACLR...
September 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Sofia A Xergia, Evangelos Pappas, Anastasios D Georgoulis
BACKGROUND: Asymmetries persist after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Physical performance tests such as the single-limb hop test have been used extensively to assess return-to-sport criteria, as they reproduce dynamic athletic maneuvers. HYPOTHESIS: The single-limb hop is associated with muscle strength and kinematic and kinetic asymmetries in ACLR patients 6 to 9 months after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
May 2015: Sports Health
Lynlee R Tanner Stapleton, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Larissa N Dooley, Christine M Guardino, Jan Huynh, Cynthia Paek, Elizabeth Clark-Kauffman, Peter Schafer, Richard Woolard, Robin Gaines Lanzi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic stress is implicated in many theories as a contributor to a wide range of physical and mental health problems. The current study describes the development of a chronic stress measure that was based on the UCLA Life Stress Interview (LSI) and adapted in collaboration with community partners for use in a large community health study of low-income, ethnically diverse parents of infants in the USA (Community Child Health Network [CCHN]). We describe the instrument, its purpose and adaptations, implementation, and results of a reliability study in a subsample of the larger study cohort...
July 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Gustavo Chiang, Ricardo Barra, Mauricio Díaz-Jaramillo, Meyling Rivas, Paulina Bahamonde, Kelly R Munkittrick
Pulp and paper mill effluents (PPMEs) have been shown to increase gonad size, cause early maturation, and disrupt hormone functions in native and non-native Chilean fish. In this study, we assessed reproductive (plasma vitellogenin; VTG, gonad development) and metabolic (ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity; EROD) end points, relative liver size (LSI) and condition factor (K) of juvenile female and male rainbow trout exposed to effluents. Unlike previous studies, which have focus either on the specific effects of effluent on fish in laboratory exposures or biotic population statuses downstream of discharge sites, we simultaneously assessed the impacts of PPMES on trout using two approaches: (1) laboratory exposures of tertiary treated PPME produced from processing Eucalyptus globulus or Pinus radiata; and (2) in situ bioassay downstream of the combined discharge of the same pulp mill...
July 2015: Aquatic Toxicology
R Gomez-Huelgas, S Jansen-Chaparro, A J Baca-Osorio, J Mancera-Romero, F J Tinahones, M R Bernal-López
BACKGROUND: The impact of a lifestyle intervention (LSI) program for the long-term management of subjects with metabolic syndrome in a primary care setting is not known. METHODS: This 3-year prospective controlled trial randomized adult subjects with metabolic syndrome to receive intensive LSI or to usual care in a community health centre in Malaga, Spain. LSI subjects received instruction on Mediterranean diet and a regular aerobic exercise program by their primary care professionals...
June 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
L Naraghi, A Y Mejaddam, O A Birkhan, Y Chang, C M Cropano, T Mesar, A Larentzakis, M Peev, A C Sideris, G M Van der Wilden, A M Imam, J O Hwabejire, G C Velmahos, P J Fagenholz, D Yeh, M A de Moya, D R King
INTRODUCTION: Heart rate complexity, commonly described as a "new vital sign," has shown promise in predicting injury severity, but its use in clinical practice is not yet widely adopted. We previously demonstrated the ability of this noninvasive technology to predict lifesaving interventions (LSIs) in trauma patients. This study was conducted to prospectively evaluate the utility of real-time, automated, noninvasive, instantaneous sample entropy (SampEn) analysis to predict the need for an LSI in a trauma alert population presenting with normal vital signs...
August 2015: Journal of Critical Care
K T Kavitha, B R Latha, G Dhinakar Raj
Cell mediated immune response to immunoaffinity chromatography purified midgut antigen of Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides ticks in rabbits was studied by using lymphocyte transformation test. This test was carried out by using 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine kit method. The blastogenic response of peripheral blood lymphocytes of normal rabbit to different concentrations of antigen and mitogen (Con A) showed that 2 μg of antigen and 2 μg of mitogen gave maximum stimulation index. The antigen specific responsiveness of immunized rabbits with affinity purified 35 kDa midgut antigen was highly significant (P ≤ 0...
March 2015: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Nehemiah T Liu, John B Holcomb, Charles E Wade, Jose Salinas
The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using traditional and new vital signs (heart rate variability and complexity [HRV, HRC]) for predicting mortality and the need for life-saving interventions (LSIs) in prehospital trauma patients. Our hypothesis was that statistical regression models using traditional and new vital signs would be superior in predictive performance over models using standard vital signs alone. This study involved 108 prehospital trauma patients transported from the point of injury via helicopter...
June 2015: Shock
R Kolhe, A Mangaonkar, J Mansour, A Clemmons, J Shaw, B Dupont, L Walczak, A Mondal, A Rojiani, A Jillella, V Kota
INTRODUCTION: Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) is a curable malignancy with studies showing above 90% survival. However, population-based studies looking at survival suggest that approximately 30% of patients with APL die during induction. Early demonstration of t(15;17) will lead to accurate decision making regarding treatment. The aim of this project was to validate earlier time frames for the Abbott Molecular Vysis LSI promyelocytic leukemia (PML)/ retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA) fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe (ASR 6-16 h)...
August 2015: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"