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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741393/psychometric-properties-in-forensic-application-of-the-screening-version-of-the-psychopathy-checklist
#1
Tamsin Higgs, Ruth J Tully, Kevin D Browne
The Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV) is a short form of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), an expert-rated assessment that measures psychopathic personality traits in research, clinical, and community settings. The PCL-R is an extensively relied upon tool in psycho-legal contexts. The screening version is also widely used; however, it has received far less empirical attention than the PCL-R. This review examines the psychometric properties of the PCL: SV, specifically in relation to forensic samples, and evaluates its comparability with the full PCL-R...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638202/characteristics-of-aggressive-behavior-among-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#2
Xiaomin Zhu, Wen Li, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of the aggressive behavior is higher among the patients with severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia than the general population. The study of factors related to aggressive behavior has great meaning in designing prevention and intervention methods with this population of patients. AIMS: To understand the characteristics of assaultive behavior of male patients with schizophrenia who have been hospitalized. METHODS: Using a continuous sampling method, data from 75 male inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia was collected at the psychiatric unit of Central South University Second Xiangya Hospital (Changsha, China) from August 2015 to February 2016...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594218/examining-the-interrater-reliability-of-the-hare-psychopathy-checklist-revised-across-a-large-sample-of-trained-raters
#3
Julie Blais, Adelle E Forth, Robert D Hare
The goal of the current study was to assess the interrater reliability of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) among a large sample of trained raters (N = 280). All raters completed PCL-R training at some point between 1989 and 2012 and subsequently provided complete coding for the same 6 practice cases. Overall, 3 major conclusions can be drawn from the results: (a) reliability of individual PCL-R items largely fell below any appropriate standards while the estimates for Total PCL-R scores and factor scores were good (but not excellent); (b) the cases representing individuals with high psychopathy scores showed better reliability than did the cases of individuals in the moderate to low PCL-R score range; and (c) there was a high degree of variability among raters; however, rater specific differences had no consistent effect on scoring the PCL-R...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594208/field-measures-of-psychopathy-and-sexual-deviance-as-predictors-of-recidivism-among-sexual-offenders
#4
Paige B Harris, Marcus T Boccaccini, Amanda K Rice
Offenders with high levels of both psychopathy and deviant sexual interests are often described as being more prone to recidivate than other sexual offenders, and many forensic evaluators report considering this psychopathy and sexual deviance interaction when coming to conclusions about sex offender risk. However, empirical support for the interaction comes from studies using sexual deviance measures that are rarely used in the field. We examined the ability of Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) field scores and possible field measures of sexual deviance (e...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594206/actuarial-risk-assessment-of-sexual-offenders-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-sex-offender-risk-appraisal-guide-sorag
#5
Martin Rettenberger, Marnie E Rice, Grant T Harris, Reinhard Eher
The Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG) is one of the most commonly used actuarial risk assessment instruments for sexual offenders. The aims of the present field study were to examine the predictive validity of the German version of the SORAG and its individual items for different offender subgroups and recidivism criteria in sexual offenders released from the Austrian Prison System (N = 1,104; average follow-up period M = 6.48 years) within a prospective-longitudinal research design. For the prediction of violent recidivism the German version of the SORAG yielded an effect size of AUC = ...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556964/psychopathy-and-mortality
#6
Olli Vaurio, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Jari Tiihonen
It is not known how mortality differs between psychopathic and nonpsychopathic individuals. We linked data from subjects having been in forensic mental examinations at Niuvanniemi Hospital during 1984-1993 to the data from the National Death Registry to estimate the association between psychopathy and mortality. One hundred psychopathic individuals scoring 25 or higher in the PCL-R scale were followed up for 20-30 years. Two control groups were used as follows: 178 offenders scoring less than 25 on the PCL-R, and sample of general population drawn from the Finnish National Statistics database...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406657/using-latent-variable-and-person-centered-approaches-to-examine-the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-sex-offenders
#7
Sonja Krstic, Craig S Neumann, Sandeep Roy, Carrie A Robertson, Raymond A Knight, Robert D Hare
The current study employed both latent variable- and person-centered approaches to examine psychopathic traits in a large sample of sex offenders (N = 958). The offenders, who had committed a range of sexual crimes, had been assessed with the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003). Structural equation modeling results indicated that the four-factor model of psychopathy (Hare, 2003; Neumann, Hare, & Newman, 2007) provided good representation of the dimensional nature of psychopathic traits across the sample of offenders, and that the PCL-R factors significantly predicted sexual crimes...
April 13, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375716/does-the-convergent-validity-of-the-pai-antisocial-features-scale-depend-on-offender-response-style
#8
Brett O Gardner, Marcus T Boccaccini
Researchers have recently questioned the utility of the response style indicators included on many self-report measures of personality and psychopathology. We examined whether the size of convergent validity coefficients for Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) Antisocial Features (ANT) scores depends on PAI validity scale scores. Using PAI and Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) scores from 477 offenders evaluated for civil commitment as sexually violent predators, we found that PAI Positive Impression (PIM), Negative Impression (NIM), Malingering Index (MAL), Defensiveness Index (DEF), and Infrequency (INF) scores moderated the association between ANT and PCL-R scores...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367514/impulsive-antisocial-dimension-of-psychopathy-linked-to-enlargement-and-abnormal-functional-connectivity-of-the-striatum
#9
Cole Korponay, Maia Pujara, Philip Deming, Carissa Philippi, Jean Decety, David S Kosson, Kent A Kiehl, Michael Koenigs
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy is a mental health disorder characterized by callous and impulsive antisocial behavior, and is associated with a high incidence of violent crime, substance abuse, and recidivism. Recent studies suggest that the striatum may be a key component of the neurobiological basis for the disorder, though structural findings have been mixed and functional connectivity of the striatum in psychopathy has yet to be fully examined. METHODS: We performed a multimodal neuroimaging study of striatum volume and functional connectivity in psychopathy, using a large sample of adult male prison inmates (N=124)...
March 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287840/a-statistical-consideration-regarding-the-threshold-of-the-psychopathy-checklist-revised
#10
Steve Balsis, Alexander J Busch, Kevin M Wilfong, Joseph W Newman, John F Edens
The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003 ) is one of the most commonly used measures of psychopathy. Scores range from 0 to 40, and legal and mental health professionals sometimes rely on a cut score or threshold to classify individuals as psychopaths. This practice, among other things, assumes that all items contribute equally to the overall raw score. Results from an item response theory analysis (Bolt, Hare, Vitale, & Newman, 2004 ), however, indicate that PCL-R items differ in the amount of information they can provide about psychopathy...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092055/differentiating-emotional-processing-and-attention-in-psychopathy-with-functional-neuroimaging
#11
Nathaniel E Anderson, Vaughn R Steele, J Michael Maurer, Vikram Rao, Michael R Koenigs, Jean Decety, David S Kosson, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Individuals with psychopathy are often characterized by emotional processing deficits, and recent research has examined the specific contexts and cognitive mechanisms that underlie these abnormalities. Some evidence suggests that abnormal features of attention are fundamental to emotional deficits in persons with psychopathy, but few studies have demonstrated the neural underpinnings responsible for such effects. Here, we use functional neuroimaging to examine attention-emotion interactions among incarcerated individuals (n = 120) evaluated for psychopathic traits using the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)...
June 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936826/pcl-r-field-validity-in-prison-and-hospital-settings
#12
Inge Jeandarme, John F Edens, Petra Habets, Liesbeth Bruckers, Karel Oei, Stefan Bogaerts
Recent field studies have questioned the interrater reliability (IRR) and predictive validity regarding (violent) recidivism of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). Using a forensic psychiatric sample, the current study investigated discrepancies in scoring between hospital and prison settings, as well as differences in predictive validity across these two settings. PCL-R information was collected from prison and hospital files, resulting in 224 PCL-R total scores and 74 double scores. When examining repeated measurements, large individual differences were found together with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICCA,1) of ...
December 12, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715314/using-mmpi-2-rf-correlates-to-elucidate-the-pcl-r-and-its-four-facets-in-a-sample-of-male-forensic-psychiatric-patients
#13
Evelyn Klein Haneveld, Jan H Kamphuis, Wineke Smid, Johnathan D Forbey
This study documents the associations between the MMPI-2-RF (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008 ) scale scores and the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003 ) facet scores in a forensic psychiatric sample. Objectives were to determine how the MMPI-2-RF scales might enhance substantive understanding of the nature of the 4 PCL-R facets and to discern possible implications for the treatment of psychopathic patients. A sample of 127 male forensic psychiatric offenders admitted to a Dutch forensic psychiatric hospital completed the PCL-R and the MMPI-2...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549758/distinct-neuronal-patterns-of-positive-and-negative-moral-processing-in-psychopathy
#14
Samantha J Fede, Jana Schaich Borg, Prashanth K Nyalakanti, Carla L Harenski, Lora M Cope, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Mike Koenigs, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Psychopathy is a disorder characterized by severe and frequent moral violations in multiple domains of life. Numerous studies have shown psychopathy-related limbic brain abnormalities during moral processing; however, these studies only examined negatively valenced moral stimuli. Here, we aimed to replicate prior psychopathy research on negative moral judgments and to extend this work by examining psychopathy-related abnormalities in the processing of controversial moral stimuli and positive moral processing...
December 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504643/the-predictive-validity-of-the-two-tiered-violence-risk-estimates-scale-ttv-in-a-long-term-follow-up-of-violent-offenders
#15
Frances P Churcher, Jeremy F Mills, Adelle E Forth
Over the past few decades many structured risk appraisal measures have been created to respond to this need. The Two-Tiered Violence Risk Estimates Scale (TTV) is a measure designed to integrate both an actuarial estimate of violence risk with critical risk management indicators. The current study examined interrater reliability and the predictive validity of the TTV in a sample of violent offenders (n = 120) over an average follow-up period of 17.75 years. The TTV was retrospectively scored and compared with the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG), the Statistical Information of Recidivism Scale-Revised (SIR-R1), and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)...
August 2016: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255235/field-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-psychopathy-checklist-revised
#16
Ghena Ismail, Jan Looman
Strong inter-rater reliability has been established for the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), specifically by examiners in research contexts. However, there is less support for inter-reliability in applied settings. This study examined archival data that included a sample of sex offenders (n = 178) who entered federal custody between 1992 and 1998. The offenders were assessed using the PCL-R on two occasions. The first assessment occurred at Millhaven Institution, the intake unit for federally incarcerated offenders in the province of Ontario...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000265/the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-the-development-of-the-therapeutic-alliance-among-sexual-offenders
#17
Ashleigh Walton, Elizabeth L Jeglic, Brandy L Blasko
There is a growing body of research demonstrating that the therapeutic alliance (TA) affects outcomes among specialized forensic populations, including sexual offenders. Despite this consensus, researchers continue to question whether higher levels of psychopathic traits are conducive to the formation of a therapeutic relationship for high-risk sexual offenders. Thus, the current study adds to the literature by examining the relationship between the TA and levels of psychopathy among a sample of incarcerated sexual offenders participating in sexual offender treatment...
March 21, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914324/examining-the-dsm-5-alternative-personality-disorder-model-operationalization-of-antisocial-personality-disorder-and-psychopathy-in-a-male-correctional-sample
#18
Dustin B Wygant, Martin Sellbom, Chelsea E Sleep, Tina D Wall, Kathryn C Applegate, Robert F Krueger, Christopher J Patrick
For decades, it has been known that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) is a nonadequate operationalization of psychopathy (Crego & Widiger, 2015). The DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorders provides an opportunity to rectify some of these long held concerns. The current study compared the Section III alternative model's trait-based conception of ASPD with the categorical model from the main diagnostic codes section of DSM-5 in terms of associations with differing models of psychopathy...
July 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890639/-a-test-of-core-psychopathic-traits-as-a-moderator-of-the-efficacy-of-a-brief-motivational-intervention-for-substance-using-offenders-correction-to-swogger-et-al-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: Reports an error in "A Test of Core Psychopathic Traits as a Moderator of the Efficacy of a Brief Motivational Intervention for Substance-Using Offenders" by Marc T. Swogger, Kenneth R. Conner, Eric D. Caine, Nicole Trabold, Melissa N. Parkhurst, Laurel M. Prothero and Stephen A. Maisto (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Jan 4, 2016, np). The sentence in the 1st paragraph of the Intervention and Control Conditions section, "Over the course of the study, individuals in the intervention condition averaged 3...
March 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866795/are-fearless-dominance-traits-superfluous-in-operationalizing-psychopathy-incremental-validity-and-sex-differences
#20
Brett Murphy, Scott Lilienfeld, Jennifer Skeem, John F Edens
Researchers are vigorously debating whether psychopathic personality includes seemingly adaptive traits, especially social and physical boldness. In a large sample (N = 1,565) of adult offenders, we examined the incremental validity of 2 operationalizations of boldness (Fearless Dominance traits in the Psychopathy Personality Inventory [Lilienfeld & Andrews, 1996]; Boldness traits in the triarchic model of psychopathy [Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009]), above and beyond other characteristics of psychopathy, in statistically predicting scores on 4 psychopathy-related measures, including the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)...
December 2016: Psychological Assessment
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