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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918546/systemic-effects-of-repeated-intraocular-dexamethasone-intravitreal-implant-in-diabetic-patients-a-retrospective-study
#1
Alicia Valverde-Megías, Pilar Cifuentes-Canorea, Jorge Ruiz-Medrano, Pablo Peña-García, Alicia Megías-Fresno, Juan Donate-López, Julián García-Feijoo
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of repeated intraocular dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) injections on metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Retrospective study of 165 type 2 diabetic patients starting Ozurdex treatment who received no less than three consecutive injections. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), serum creatinine, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TGs) were evaluated during 15 months of follow-up after Ozurdex treatment onset...
September 16, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918364/volumetric-changes-in-the-aging-rat-brain-and-its-impact-on-cognitive-and-locomotor-functions
#2
Hamizah Shahirah Hamezah, Lina Wati Durani, Nor Faeizah Ibrahim, Daijiro Yanagisawa, Tomoko Kato, Akihiko Shiino, Sachiko Tanaka, Hanafi Ahmad Damanhuri, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah, Ikuo Tooyama
Impairments in cognitive and locomotor functions usually occur with advanced age, as do changes in brain volume. This study was conducted to assess changes in brain volume, cognitive and locomotor functions, and oxidative stress levels in middle- to late-aged rats. Forty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: 14, 18, 23, and 27months of age. (1)H magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed using a 7.0-Tesla MR scanner system. The volumes of the lateral ventricles, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), hippocampus, striatum, cerebellum, and whole brain were measured...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918315/does-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-improve-cognitive-performance-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#3
REVIEW
Vanessa Herbert, Simon D Kyle, Daniel Pratt
Individuals with insomnia report difficulties pertaining to their cognitive functioning. Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is associated with robust, long-term improvements in sleep parameters, however less is known about the impact of CBT-I on the daytime correlates of the disorder. A systematic review and narrative synthesis was conducted in order to summarise and evaluate the evidence regarding the impact of CBT-I on cognitive functioning. Reference databases were searched and studies were included if they assessed cognitive performance as an outcome of CBT-I, using either self-report questionnaires or cognitive tests...
July 12, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918257/pathways-of-the-inferior-frontal-occipital-fasciculus-in-overt-speech-and-reading
#4
Claire Rollans, Kulpreet Cheema, George K Georgiou, Jacqueline Cummine
In this study, we examined the relationship between tractography-based measures of white matter integrity (ex. fractional anisotropy [FA]) from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and five reading-related tasks, including rapid automatized naming (RAN) of letters, digits, and objects, and reading of real words and nonwords. Twenty university students with no reported history of reading difficulties were tested on all five tasks and their performance was correlated with diffusion measures extracted through DTI tractography...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918145/short-communication-relationship-between-methods-for-measurement-of-serum-electrolytes-and-the-relationship-between-ionized-and-total-calcium-and-neutrophil-oxidative-burst-activity-in-early-postpartum-dairy-cows
#5
B M Leno, E M Martens, M J B Felippe, K P Zanzalari, J C Lawrence, T R Overton
The objectives of this study were to (1) compare a test for serum measurement of total Ca (tCa), Mg, and P (VetTest Chemistry Analyzer, IDEXX Laboratories Inc., Westbrook, ME) to reference methods (spectrophotometric assays on a Beckman Coulter 640e automated clinical chemistry analyzer; Beckman Coulter, Brea, CA), (2) determine the relationship between ionized Ca (iCa) and reference method tCa in the immediate postpartum period, and (3) assess the relative value of these blood Ca indices as predictors of neutrophil oxidative burst activity...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918141/validation-of-commercial-luminometry-swabs-for-total-bacteria-and-coliform-counts-in-colostrum-feeding-equipment
#6
D L Renaud, D F Kelton, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley, A B Jalbert, T F Duffield
A sufficient quantity and quality of colostrum must be fed quickly to the newborn calf while minimizing bacterial contamination. Adenosine triphosphate bioluminescence swabs offer a potential rapid on-farm alternative to assess bacterial contamination of colostrum. The objective of this study was to validate the Hygiena (Camarillo, CA) AquaSnap Total (AS), SuperSnap (SS), PRO-Clean (PC), and MicroSnap Coliform (MS) swabs as well as visual hygiene assessment for detection of elevated bacterial counts in or on colostrum-feeding equipment...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#7
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918109/precision-based-guidelines-for-sub-maximal-normalisation-task-selection-for-trunk-extensor-emg
#8
Jennie A Jackson, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Jack P Callaghan, Patrick G Dempsey
AIM: The object of this study was to quantify the contribution of sub-maximal normalisation to the overall variance of exposure parameters describing erector spinae (ES) activity, and to provide guidelines for task selection which minimize methodological variance. METHODS: ES EMG was measured from three locations (T9, L1 and L5 levels) on fifteen men performing a manual materials handling task in the laboratory on three separate days. Four repeats of each of eleven sub-maximal normalisation tasks (eight static, three dynamic) were collected, work data were normalised to each task and repeat, and exposure parameters calculated...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917968/the-effect-of-fennel-essential-oil-in-combination-with-antibiotics-on-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-isolated-from-carriers
#9
Paweł Kwiatkowski, Magdalena Mnichowska-Polanowska, Agata Pruss, Helena Masiuk, Małgorzata Dzięcioł, Stefania Giedrys-Kalemba, Monika Sienkiewicz
An increase in the number of staphylococcal infections and carriers among medical staff has forced us to seek more and more effective antibacterial agents. Bacteria from the Staphylococcus genus possessing different mechanisms of resistance are the cause of nosocomial infections. The objective of our investigations was susceptibility of S. aureus strains isolated from nasal vestibule of medical students to fennel essential oil. The GC-MS analysis of fennel essential oil revealed eleven constituents among which a majority of trans-anethole (80%) was found...
September 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917659/sonification-of-scalp-recorded-frequency-following-responses-ffrs-offers-improved-response-detection-over-conventional-statistical-metrics
#10
Gavin M Bidelman
BACKGROUND: The human frequency-following response (FFR) is a neurophonic potential used to examine the brain's encoding of complex sounds (e.g., speech) and monitor neuroplastic changes in auditory processing. Given the FFR's low amplitude (order of nanovolts), current conventions in literature recommend collecting several thousand trials to obtain a robust evoked response with adequate signal-to-noise ratio. NEW METHOD: By exploiting the spectrotemporal fidelity of the response, we examined whether auditory playbacks (i...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917571/academy-of-dental-materials-guidance-resin-composites-part-ii-technique-sensitivity-handling-polymerization-dimensional-changes
#11
J L Ferracane, T J Hilton, J W Stansbury, D C Watts, N Silikas, N Ilie, S Heintze, M Cadenaro, R Hickel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work, commissioned by the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise test methods to characterize properties related to critical issues for dental resin composites, including technique sensitivity and handling, polymerization, and dimensional stability, in order to provide specific guidance to investigators planning studies of these properties. METHODS: The properties that relate to each of the main clinical issues identified were ranked in terms of their priority for testing, and the specific test methods within each property were ranked...
September 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917503/food-reluctance-of-preschool-children-attending-daycare-centers-is-associated-with-a-lower-body-mass-index
#12
Véronique Surette, Stéphanie Ward, Pascale Morin, Hassan Vatanparast, Mathieu Bélanger
BACKGROUND: Food reluctance can present as fussiness, picky eating, slowness in eating, and high satiety responsiveness. It can be associated with inadequate weight gain during early childhood. Although a majority of preschoolers attend daycare centers, associations between their eating behaviors at daycare and their body composition have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop an estimate of food reluctance and to assess the relationship between food reluctance at daycare and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference of preschoolers...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917409/methods-for-assessing-forward%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-backward-light-scatter%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-patients-with%C3%A2-cataract
#13
Alja Crnej, Nino Hirnschall, Con Petsoglou, Oliver Findl
PURPOSE: To compare objective methods for assessing backward and forward light scatter and psychophysical tests in patients with cataracts. SETTING: Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: This study included patients scheduled for cataract surgery. Lens opacities were grouped into predominantly nuclear sclerotic, cortical, posterior subcapsular, and mixed cataracts...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917363/effects-of-music-and-music-video-interventions-on-sleep-quality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-sleep-disturbances
#14
Chiung-Yu Huang, En-Ting Chang, Yuan-Mei Hsieh, Hui-Ling Lai
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to compare the effects of music and music video interventions on objective and subjective sleep quality in adults with sleep disturbances. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was performed on 71 adults who were recruited from the outpatient department of a hospital with 1100 beds and randomly assigned to the control, music, and music video groups. INTERVENTIONS: During the 4 test days (Days 2-5), for 30min before nocturnal sleep, the music group listened to Buddhist music and the music video group watched Buddhist music videos...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917308/prevalence-of-pentatrichomonas-hominis-infections-in-six-farmed-wildlife-species-in-jilin-china
#15
Xianhe Li, Jianhua Li, Xichen Zhang, Zhengtao Yang, Ju Yang, Pengtao Gong
Pentatrichomonas hominis is an anaerobic flagellated protozoan that primarily parasitizes the gastrointestinal tract and is a conditional pathogen. It has an extensive host range and is well known as a potential causative agent of zoonotic disease. The objective of this study was to provide the first findings of the prevalence of P. hominis in six farmed wildlife species, sika deer (S.D.), Rex rabbits (R.R.), blue foxes (B.F.), silver foxes (S.F.), raccoon dogs (R.D.) and minks (M.), that are commercially important in Jilin Province, China...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917303/the-evaluation-of-gm6-based-elisa-and-ict-as-diagnostic-methods-on-a-mongolian-farm-with-an-outbreak-of-non-tsetse-transmitted-horse-trypanosomosis
#16
Batdorj Davaasuren, Tovuu Amgalanbaatar, Simon Peter Musinguzi, Keisuke Suganuma, Davaajav Otgonsuren, Ehab Mossaad, Sandagdorj Narantsatsral, Banzragch Battur, Badgar Battsetseg, Xuenan Xuan, Noboru Inoue
Trypanosoma equiperdum, which is the etiological agent of dourine, spreads through sexual intercourse in equines. Dourine (T. equiperdum) has been reported in Mongolia, where it is considered an economically important disease of horses. T. evansi has also been reported in Mongolian domestic animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential application of recombinant T. evansi GM6 (rTeGM6-4r)-based diagnostic methods on a farm with an outbreak of non-tsetse transmitted horse trypanosomosis. Ninety-seven percent homology was found between the amino acid sequences of T...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917301/cysteine-protease-30-cp30-contributes-to-adhesion-and-cytopathogenicity-in-feline-tritrichomonas-foetus
#17
Emily N Gould, Richard Giannone, Stephen A Kania, M Katherine Tolbert
Tritrichomonas foetus (T. foetus) is a flagellated protozoan parasite that is recognized as a significant cause of diarrhea in domestic cats with a prevalence rate as high as 30%. No drugs have been shown to consistently eliminate T. foetus infection in all cats. Cysteine proteases (CPs) have been identified as mediators of T. foetus-induced adhesion-dependent cytotoxicity to the intestinal epithelium. These CPs represent novel targets for the treatment of feline trichomonosis. However, cats also produce CPs that are part of life-critical systems...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917108/accumulation-of-propionic-acid-during-consecutive-batch-anaerobic-digestion-of-commercial-food-waste
#18
Gabriel Capson-Tojo, Diane Ruiz, Maxime Rouez, Marion Crest, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Nicolas Bernet, Jean-Philippe Delgenès, Renaud Escudié
The objective of this study was to test three different alternatives to mitigate the destabilizing effect of accumulation of ammonia and volatile fatty acids during food waste anaerobic digestion. The three options tested (low temperature, co-digestion with paper waste and trace elements addition) were compared using consecutive batch reactors. Although methane was produced efficiently (∼500ml CH4gVS(-1); 16l CH4lreactor(-1)), the concentrations of propionic acid increased gradually (up to 21.6gl(-1)). This caused lag phases in the methane production and eventually led to acidification at high substrate loads...
August 30, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917009/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro%C3%A2-%C3%A2-in-vivo-evaluation-of-oral-time-controlled-release-etodolac-pellets
#19
Xiaoyu Zhang, Qi Li, Mingzhu Ye, Zhinan Zhao, Jiayi Sun, Xinggang Yang, Weisan Pan
The objective of this study was to prepare time-controlled release etodolac pellets to facilitate drug administration according to the body's biological rhythm, optimize the drug's desired effects, and minimize adverse effects. The preparation consisted of three laminal layers from center to outside: the core, the swelling layer, and the insoluble polymer membrane. Factors influenced the core and the coating films were investigated in this study. The core pellets formulated with etodolac, lactose, and sodium carboxymethyl starch (CMS-Na) were prepared by extrusion-spheronization and then coated by a fluidized bed coater...
September 15, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916871/strength-and-functional-symmetry-is-associated-with-post-operative-rehabilitation-in-patients-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#20
Jay R Ebert, Peter Edwards, Luke Yi, Brendan Joss, Timothy Ackland, Richard Carey-Smith, Jens-Ulrich Buelow, Ben Hewitt
PURPOSE: To investigate strength and functional symmetry during common tests in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and its association with post-operative rehabilitation. METHODS: At a median 11.0 months post-surgery (range 10-14), 111 ACLR patients were assessed. A rehabilitation grading tool was employed to evaluate the duration and supervision of rehabilitation, as well as whether structured jumping, landing and agility exercises were undertaken...
September 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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