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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184330/the-prevalence-of-migraine-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Zeynab Farhadi, Saeideh Alidoost, Meysam Behzadifar, Roghayeh Mohammadibakhsh, Najmeh Khodadadi, Razieh Sepehrian, Rahim Sohrabi, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Morteza Salemi, Hamid Ravaghi, Masoud Behzadifar
CONTEXT: Migraine is a major dilemma and problem which affects public health and results to reduced quality of life. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine in Iran. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search was conducted using Pub Med, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, Ovid, Google Scholar, as well as Iranian databases including: MagIran, IranMedex and Scientific Information Databank, from 2000 to November, 2015. The Der-Simonian/Laird's random-effects model, with a 95% confidence interval was employed to estimate the overall pooled prevalence...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177998/systematic-review-of-pelvic-exenteration-with-en-bloc-sacrectomy-for-recurrent-rectal-adenocarcinoma-r0-resection-predicts-disease-free-survival
#2
REVIEW
Amarasingam Sasikumar, Chetan Bhan, John T Jenkins, Anthony Antoniou, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: The management of recurrent rectal cancer is challenging. At the present time, pelvic exenteration with en bloc sacrectomy offers the only hope of a lasting cure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcome measures and complication rates following sacrectomy for recurrent rectal cancer. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted on Pub Med for English language articles relevant to sacrectomy for recurrent rectal cancer with no time limitations...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159951/the-accuracy-of-tactile-assessment-of-fever-in-children-by-caregivers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yan-Wei Li, Le-Shan Zhou, Xing Li
CONTEXT: Fever is the most common complaint in the pediatric and emergency departments. Caregivers prefer to detect fever in their children by tactile assessment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence on the accuracy of caregivers' tactile assessment for detecting fever in children. EVIDENCE-ACQUISITION: We performed a literature search of Cochrane Library, Pub Med, Web of Knowledge, EMBASE (ovid), EBSCO and Google Scholar, without restriction of publication date, to identify English articles assessing caregivers' ability of detecting fever in children by tactile assessment...
February 2, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155227/a-new-cave-dwelling-loach-triplophysa-xichouensis-sp-nov-teleostei-nemacheilidae-from-yunnan-china
#4
S W Liu, X F Pan, J X Yang, X Y Chen
A new cave-dwelling loach of the genus Triplophysa, T. xichouensis, is described from an outlet of a subterranean river in Xisa Town, Xichou County, Yunnan Province, China. It can be distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: dorsal-fin rays iii, 8; anal-fin rays ii, 6; pectoral-fin rays i, 9 or 10; pelvic-fin rays i, 5 or 6; branched caudal-fin rays 16(8+8); eyes highly degenerated to a very tiny black dot; dorsal-fin origin closer to snout tip than to caudal-fin base and anterior to vertical line of pelvic-fin origin; pectoral fin length about two-thirds the distance between pectoral-fin origin to pelvic-fin origin; caudal peduncle slender, its length about three times its depth; caudal fin emarginate; body smooth and scaleless; lateral line complete and straight; anterior chamber of air bladder wrapped in dumbbell-shaped bony capsule and the posterior one well developed, long, oval; intestine short, bending in zigzag shape behind stomach...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155051/a-review-on-animal-models-and-treatments-for-the-reconstruction-of-achilles-and-flexor-tendons
#5
Marta Bottagisio, Arianna B Lovati
Tendon is a connective tissue mainly composed of collagen fibers with peculiar mechanical properties essential to functional movements. The increasing incidence of tendon traumatic injuries and ruptures-associated or not with the loss of tissue-falls on the growing interest in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The use of animal models is mandatory to deepen the knowledge of the tendon healing response to severe damages or acute transections. Thus, the selection of preclinical models is crucial to ensure a successful translation of effective and safe innovative treatments to the clinical practice...
March 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133477/early-diagnosis-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-vietnamese-patients-with-acute-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-a-prospective-study
#6
Duc Trong Quach, Mai Ngoc Luu, Toru Hiyama, Thuy-HuongThi To, Quy Nhuan Bui, Tuan Anh Tran, Binh Duy Tran, Minh-Cong Hong Vo, Shinji Tanaka, Naomi Uemura
Aims. To investigate H. pylori infection rate and evaluate a combined set of tests for H. pylori diagnosis in Vietnamese patients with acute peptic ulcer bleeding (PUD). Methods. Consecutive patients with acute PUB were enrolled prospectively. Rapid urease test (RUT) with 3 biopsies was carried out randomly. Patients without RUT or with negative RUT received urea breath test (UBT) and serological and urinary H. pylori antibody tests. H. pylori was considered positive if RUT or any noninvasive test was positive...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127354/dna-amplification-techniques-for-the-detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-tissue-cysts-in-meat-producing-animals-a-narrative-review-article
#7
REVIEW
Farooq Riaz, Imran Rashid, Haroon Akbar, Wasim Shehzad, Saher Islam, Amna Arshad Bajwa, Khalid Saeed, Kamran Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite, which infects one-third population of world. Humans and animals acquire infection by ingesting oocytes from feces of cats or by meat of other animals having cysts that may lead to congenital, ocular or cephalic toxoplasmosis. Either it is important to detect T. gondii from meat of food animals from retail shops or directly at slaughterhouses, which is meant for export. METHODS: The current research was done without time limitation using such terms as follows: "Toxoplasma gondii", "Meat", "Tissue cyst", "PCR", "LAMP", "Screening" and "Immunological assay" alone or in combination, in English language...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126365/prenatal-acetaminophen-use%C3%A2-and-outcomes%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-children
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126097/spaces-of-encounter-and-attitudes-towards-difference-a-comparative-study-of-two-european-cities
#9
Aneta Piekut, Gill Valentine
Scholars have been increasingly interested in how everyday interactions in various places with people from different ethnic/religious background impact inter-group relations. Drawing on representative surveys in Leeds and Warsaw (2012), we examine whether encounters with ethnic and religious minorities in different type of space are associated with more tolerance towards them. We find that in Leeds, more favourable affective attitudes are associated with contact in institutional spaces (workplace and study places) and socialisation spaces (social clubs, voluntary groups, religious meeting places); however, in case of behavioural intentions - operationalised as willingness to be friendly to minority neighbours - only encounters in socialisation spaces play a significant role in prejudice reduction...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120652/drinking-at-local-pub-linked-to-improved-well-being
#10
(no author information available yet)
Moderate alcohol consumption with friends at a local pub could be linked to improved well-being, say researchers at the University of Oxford.
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108156/smfm-consult-series-42-the-role-of-ultrasound-in-women-who-undergo-cell-free-dna-screening
#11
Mary E Norton, Joseph R Biggio, Jeffrey A Kuller, Sean C Blackwell
The introduction of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screening for aneuploidy into obstetric practice in 2011 revolutionized the strategies utilized for prenatal testing. The purpose of this document is to review the current data on the role of ultrasound in women who have undergone or are considering cfDNA screening. The following are SMFM recommendations: 1) in women who have already received a negative cfDNA screen, ultrasound at 11-14 weeks of gestation solely for the purpose of NT measurement (CPT code 76813) is not recommended (GRADE 1B); 2) we recommend that diagnostic testing should not be recommended to patients solely for the indication of an isolated soft marker in the setting of a negative cfDNA screen (GRADE 2B); 3) in women with an isolated soft marker without other clinical implications (ie, choroid plexus cyst or echogenic intracardiac focus) and a negative cfDNA screen, we recommend describing the finding as "not clinically significant" or as a "normal variant" (GRADE 2B); 4) in women with an isolated soft marker that has no other clinical implication (ie, choroid plexus cyst or echogenic intracardiac focus) and a negative first or second trimester screening result, we recommend describing the finding as "not clinically significant" or as a "normal variant" (GRADE 2B); 5) we recommend that all women in whom a structural abnormality is identified by ultrasound should be offered diagnostic testing with chromosomal microarray (GRADE 1A); 6) we recommend against routine screening for microdeletions with cfDNA (GRADE 1B)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099803/deep-learning-to-predict-the-formation-of-quinone-species-in-drug-metabolism
#12
Tyler B Hughes, S Joshua Swamidass
Many adverse drug reactions are thought to be caused by electrophilically reactive drug metabolites that conjugate to nucleophilic sites within DNA and proteins, causing cancer or toxic immune responses. Quinone species, including quinone-imines, quinone-methides, and imine-methides, are electrophilic Michael acceptors that are often highly reactive and comprise over 40% of all known reactive metabolites. Quinone metabolites are created by cytochromes P450 and peroxidases. For example, cytochromes P450 oxidize acetaminophen to N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine, which is electrophilically reactive and covalently binds to nucleophilic sites within proteins...
February 20, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099347/prediction-of-risk-of-diabetic-retinopathy-for-all-cause-mortality-stroke-and-heart-failure-evidence-from-epidemiological-observational-studies
#13
Xiao-Rong Zhu, Yong-Peng Zhang, Lu Bai, Xue-Lian Zhang, Jian-Bo Zhou, Jin-Kui Yang
To examine and quantify the potential relation between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and risk of all-cause mortality, stroke and heart failure (HF).The resources of meta-analysis of epidemiological observational studies were from Pub-med, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, conference, and proceedings.Random/fixed effects models were used to calculate pooled subgroup analysis stratified by different grades of DR was performed to explore the potential source of heterogeneity. Statistical manipulations were undertaken using program STATA...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094314/reassessment-of-rebleeding-risk-of-forrest-ib-oozing-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-in-a-large-international-randomized-trial
#14
Dennis M Jensen, Stefan Eklund, Tore Persson, Henrik Ahlbom, Robert Stuart, Alan N Barkun, Ernest J Kuipers, Joachim Mössner, James Y Lau, Joseph J Sung, Jan Kilhamn, Tore Lind
OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to assess risks of early rebleeding after successful endoscopic hemostasis for Forrest oozing (FIB) peptic ulcer bleeding (PUBs) compared with other stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH). METHODS: These were post hoc multivariable analyses of a large, international, double-blind study (NCT00251979) of patients randomized to high-dose intravenous (IV) esomeprazole (PPI) or placebo for 72 h. Rebleeding rates of patients with PUB SRH treated with either PPI or placebo after successful endoscopic hemostasis were also compared...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081567/risk-of-rebleeding-and-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-a-12-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#15
Shih-Cheng Yang, Chien-Ning Hsu, Chih-Ming Liang, Wei-Chen Tai, Cheng-Kun Wu, Chih-Wei Shih, Ming-Kun Ku, Lan-Ting Yuan, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Kuo-Lun Tseng, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Seng-Howe Nguang, Pin-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah
Although a few studies have investigated the risks of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) in cirrhotic patients, large population-based studies on in-hospital and long-term reports on recurrent PUB in a cohort of cirrhotic patients are lacking. This 12-year nationwide cohort study aimed to investigate the risks of in-hospital and long-term rebleeding and mortality in cirrhotic patients and to identify possible risk factors. Patient data from 1997 to 2008 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077930/before-the-freeze-otoliths-from-the-eocene-of-seymour-island-antarctica-reveal-dominance-of-gadiform-fishes-teleostei
#16
Werner Schwarzhans, Thomas Mörs, Andrea Engelbrecht, Marcelo Reguero, Jürgen Kriwet
The first record of fossil teleostean otoliths from Antarctica is reported. The fossils were obtained from late Early Eocene shell beds of the La Meseta Formation, Seymour Island that represent the last temperate marine climate phase in Antarctica prior to the onset of cooling and subsequent glaciation during the late Eocene. A total of 17 otolith-based teleost taxa are recognized, with 10 being identifiable to species level containing nine new species and one new genus: Argentina antarctica sp. nov., Diaphus? marambionis sp...
2017: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077318/alcohol-microbiome-life-style-influence-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-organ-damage
#17
REVIEW
Manuela G Neuman, Samuel W French, Samir Zakhari, Stephen Malnick, Helmut K Seitz, Lawrence B Cohen, Mikko Salaspuro, Andreea Voinea-Griffin, Andrei Barasch, Irina A Kirpich, Paul G Thomes, Laura W Schrum, Terrence M Donohue, Kusum K Kharbanda, Marcus Cruz, Mihai Opris
This paper is based upon the "8th Charles Lieber's Satellite Symposium" organized by Manuela G. Neuman at the Research Society on Alcoholism Annual Meeting, on June 25, 2016 at New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The integrative symposium investigated different aspects of alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD) as well as non-alcohol-induced liver disease (NAFLD) and possible repair. We revealed the basic aspects of alcohol metabolism that may be responsible for the development of liver disease as well as the factors that determine the amount, frequency and which type of alcohol misuse leads to liver and gastrointestinal diseases...
January 7, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077082/the-arabidopsis-paralogs-pub46-and-pub48-encoding-u-box-e3-ubiquitin-ligases-are-essential-for-plant-response-to-drought-stress
#18
Guy Adler, Zvia Konrad, Lyad Zamir, Amit Kumar Mishra, Dina Raveh, Dudy Bar-Zvi
BACKGROUND: Plants respond to abiotic stress on physiological, biochemical and molecular levels. This includes a global change in their cellular proteome achieved by changes in the pattern of their protein synthesis and degradation. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a key player in protein degradation in eukaryotes. Proteins are marked for degradation by the proteasome by coupling short chains of ubiquitin polypeptides in a three-step pathway. The last and regulatory stage is catalyzed by a member of a large family of substrate-specific ubiquitin ligases...
January 11, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062899/bibi-ergo-sum-the-effects-of-a-placebo-and-contextual-alcohol-cues-on-motivation-to-drink-alcohol
#19
Paul Christiansen, Gareth Townsend, Graeme Knibb, Matt Field
RATIONALE: Acute 'priming' doses of alcohol reliably increase alcohol-seeking behaviour in social drinkers. However, the effects of the anticipated (rather than pharmacological) effects of alcohol, and their interaction with contextual alcohol cues, are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the extent to which an alcohol-placebo drink increases craving, subjective intoxication and beer consumption, while conjointly investigating the impact of contextual alcohol cues...
March 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053163/atgc-database-and-atgc-cogs-an-updated-resource-for-micro-and-macro-evolutionary-studies-of-prokaryotic-genomes-and-protein-family-annotation
#20
David M Kristensen, Yuri I Wolf, Eugene V Koonin
The Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) database is a collection of closely related bacterial and archaeal genomes that provides several tools to aid research into evolutionary processes in the microbial world. Each ATGC is a taxonomy-independent cluster of 2 or more completely sequenced genomes that meet the objective criteria of a high degree of local gene order (synteny) and a small number of synonymous substitutions in the protein-coding genes. As such, each ATGC is suited for analysis of microevolutionary variations within a cohesive group of organisms (e...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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