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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778548/risk-factors-of-the-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-in-aging-uremia-patients-under-regular-hemodialysis
#1
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Yuan-Jen Wang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Shih-Hao Young, Ping-Hsien Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that uremia patients under hemodialysis (HD) have a significantly higher occurrence of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) than healthy controls and that elderly patients remain at high risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and PUB. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for PUB in aging (≥65-years-old) uremic patients under regular HD. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we compared 18,252 aging regular HD patients and 17,883 age-, gender-, and medication-matched patients without kidney disease (control group)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744887/retinal-vascular-segmentation-using-superpixel-based-line-operator-and-its-application-to-vascular-topology-estimation
#2
Tong Na, Jianyang Xie, Yitian Zhao, Yifan Zhao, Yue Liu, Yongtian Wang, Jiang Liu
PURPOSE: Automatic methods of analyzing of retinal vascular networks, such as retinal blood vessel detection, vascular network topology estimation, and arteries / veins classification are of great assistance to the ophthalmologist in terms of diagnosis and treatment of a wide spectrum of diseases. METHODS: We propose a new framework for precisely segmenting retinal vasculatures, constructing retinal vascular network topology, and separating the arteries and veins...
May 9, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744118/purple-urine-bag-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Bryan P Traynor, Eoghan Pomeroy, Dorothy Niall
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is a rare and striking manifestation associated with urinary tract infection involving bright purple discoloration of the lining and tubing of a urinary catheter bag. We present the interesting case of a 90-year-old female patient who developed PUBS and include a review of the relevant literature to date. Uniquely, in this case, PUBS acts as an important clinical sign in supporting the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in a high-risk patient.
November 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733943/hajrul-yahood-lapis-judaicus-an-important-mineral-drug-of-unani-system-of-medicine-for-the-management-of-urolithiasis
#4
REVIEW
Shaikh Ajij Ahmed Makbul, Nasreen Jahan, Ghufran Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hajrul yahood (Lapis judaicus) is a mineral drug used in different dosage forms in Unani system of medicine and claimed to be effective in the management of urolithiasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the role of Hajrul yahood in the management of urolithiasis along with determination of its morphological, ethnomedicinal, physicochemical and pharmacological attributes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of literature on Hajrul yahood was undertaken using the bibliographic database viz...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727822/second-hand-smoke-exposure-in-outdoor-hospitality-venues-smoking-visibility-and-assessment-of-airborne-markers
#5
Xisca Sureda, Usama Bilal, Esteve Fernández, Roberto Valiente, Francisco J Escobar, Ana Navas-Acien, Manuel Franco
INTRODUCTION: After the implementation of smoke-free policies in indoor hospitality venues (including bars, cafeterias, restaurants, and pubs), smokers may have been displaced to their outdoor areas. We aimed to study smoking visibility and second-hand smoke exposure in outdoor hospitality venues. METHODS: We collected information on signs of tobacco consumption on entrances and terraces of hospitality venues in 2016 in the city of Madrid, Spain. We further measured airborne nicotine concentrations and particulate matter of less than 2...
May 1, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719512/the-bodies-in-charge-of-animal-welfare-what-they-do-and-what-they-could-do
#6
REVIEW
Giuliano Grignaschi, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Massenzio Fornasier
The coming into force of the 2010/63/EU (Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010) Standard, regarding the protection of animals used for scientific purposes, has made it mandatory for all establishments breeding, supplying, and using said animals to have an Animal Welfare Body (AWB). The establishment of a body such as the AWB represents a strong innovation compared to previous regulations (Dir. 86/609/CEE). Building from the key concept of the 3 Rs, European Community legislators acknowledged that the effective safeguard of animal welfare depends in large part on the professional skills of personnel in charge of their care and use...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719309/capabilities-and-advantages-of-cloud-computing-in-the-implementation-of-electronic-health-record
#7
Maryam Ahmadi, Nasim Aslani
Background: With regard to the high cost of the Electronic Health Record (EHR), in recent years the use of new technologies, in particular cloud computing, has increased. The purpose of this study was to review systematically the studies conducted in the field of cloud computing. Methods: The present study was a systematic review conducted in 2017. Search was performed in the Scopus, Web of Sciences, IEEE, Pub Med and Google Scholar databases by combination keywords...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708007/corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
Gary, R., Dunbar, S. B., Higgins, M., Butts, B., Corwin, E., Hepburn, K., … Miller, A. H. (2018). An Intervention to Improve Physical Function and Caregiver Perceptions in Family Caregivers of Persons With Heart Failure. Journal of Applied Gerontology. E pub ahead of print 19 January 2018. DOI: 10.1177/0733464817746757 In this article, the acknowledgment for the funder in the funding statement was missing. The correct funding statement is given below. The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work is supported in part by the National Institutes of Health National Institute of Nursing Research grant no...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694594/food-security-in-indigenous-and-peasant-populations-a-systematic-review
#9
Marcos Restrepo-Arango, Lina Andrea Gutiérrez-Builes, Leonardo Alberto Ríos-Osorio
Food security and the vulnerability among indigenous and peasant populations has become a topic of interest to public health all around the world, leading to the investigation about measurement, classification and factors that determine it. This systematic review aims to describe the situation of food security in indigenous and peasant communities, and the methods used for evaluation. The literature search was performed on the Pub Med (5), ScienceDirect (221) and Scopus (377) databases searching for publications between 2004 and 2015, a total of 603 items were located with the search engines...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688307/rwen-response-weighted-elastic-net-for-prediction-of-chemosensitivity-of-cancer-cell-lines
#10
Amrita Basu, Ritwik Mitra, Han Liu, Stuart L Schreiber, Paul A Clemons
Motivation: In recent years there have been several efforts to generate sensitivity profiles of collections of genomically characterized cell lines to panels of candidate therapeutic compounds. These data provide the basis for the development of in silico models of sensitivity based on cellular, genetic, or expression biomarkers of cancer cells. However, a remaining challenge is an efficient way to identify accurate sets of biomarkers to validate. To address this challenge, we developed methodology using gene-expression profiles of human cancer cell lines to predict the responses of these cell lines to a panel of compounds...
April 24, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684296/alcohol-and-drug-intoxications-in-adolescents-admitted-to-paediatric-wards-in-the-czech-republic-5-year-retrospective-study-2006-2010
#11
Pavel Kabíček, Jiří Kobr, Lumír Šašek, Zita Obdržálková, Ludmila Svitálková, Věra Hůrková, Jiří Zeman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to establish frequency, severity and circumstances of alcohol and drug intoxications in adolescents admitted to inpatient wards in the Czech Republic. METHODS: Chief physician of each participating ward (or their designated deputy) searched the patient records for required information. The data was then statistically processed. RESULTS: Thirty inpatient paediatric wards participated in the study (27 district wards and 3 university hospital wards), amounting to more than a third of all paediatric wards in the country...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672873/space-time-analyses-of-alcohol-outlets-and-related-motor-vehicle-crashes-associations-at-city-and-census-block-group-levels
#12
Robert Lipton, William R Ponicki, Paul J Gruenewald, Andrew Gaidus
OBJECTIVES: Past research has linked alcohol outlet densities to drinking, drunken driving and alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). Because impaired drivers travel some distances from drinking places to crash locations, spatial relationships between outlets and crashes are complex. We investigate these relationships at three geographic levels: Census block groups (CBGs), adjacent (nearby) areas, and whole cities. METHODS: We examined risks for all injury MVCs as well as 'had been drinking' (HBD) and single-vehicle nighttime (SVN) subgroups using data from the Statewide Integrated Traffic Records System (SWITRS) across CBGs among 50 California cities from 2001 to 2008...
April 19, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671058/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-bleeding-peptic-ulcers-a-multicenter-study
#13
Stavros Spiliopoulos, Riccardo Inchingolo, Pierleone Lucatelli, Roberto Iezzi, Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Alessandro Posa, Bryan Barry, Carmelo Ricci, Marco Cini, Chrysostomos Konstantos, Konstantinos Palialexis, Lazaros Reppas, Artemis Trikola, Michele Nardella, Andreas Adam, Elias Brountzos
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for the treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicenter study, which investigated all patients who underwent TAE for the treatment of severe upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage from peptic ulcers in five European centers, between January 1, 2012 and May 1, 2017. All patients had undergone failed endoscopic hemostasis. Forty-four patients (male; mean age 74...
April 18, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648503/brazilian-medicinal-plants-with-corroborated-anti-inflammatory-activities-a-review
#14
Victor Pena Ribeiro, Caroline Arruda, Mohamed Abd El-Salam, Jairo Kenupp Bastos
CONTEXT: Inflammatory disorders are common in modern life, and medicinal plants provide an interesting source for new compounds bearing anti-inflammatory properties. In this regard, Brazilian medicinal plants are considered to be a promising supply of such compounds due to their great biodiversity. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a review on Brazilian medicinal plants with corroborated anti-inflammatory activities by selecting data from the literature reporting the efficacy of plants used in folk medicine as anti-inflammatory, including the mechanisms of action of their extracts and isolated compounds...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627252/effects-of-rumen-undegradable-protein-on-intake-performance-and-mammary-gland-development-in-prepubertal-and-pubertal-dairy-heifers
#15
A L Silva, E Detmann, J Dijkstra, A M Pedroso, L H P Silva, A F Machado, F C Sousa, G B Dos Santos, M I Marcondes
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different amounts of rumen-undegradable protein (RUP) on intake, N balance, performance, mammary gland development, carcass traits, and hormonal status of Holstein heifers at different physiological stages (PS). Sixteen prepubertal (PRE) heifers (initial BW = 106 ± 7.6 kg; age = 4.3 ± 0.46 mo) and 16 pubertal (PUB) heifers (initial BW = 224 ± 7.9 kg; age = 12.6 ± 0.45 mo) were used in an experiment over a period of 84 d. Four diets with increasing RUP contents (38, 44, 51, and 57% of dietary crude protein) and heifers at 2 PS (PRE or PUB) were used in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in a completely randomized design...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618372/prehospital-triage-of-patients-diagnosed-with-perforated-peptic-ulcer-or-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-an-observational-study-of-patients-calling-1-1-2
#16
Kasper Bonnesen, Kristian D Friesgaard, Morten T Boetker, Lone Nikolajsen
BACKGROUND: Triage systems are used in emergency medical services to systematically prioritize prehospital resources according to individual patient conditions. Previous studies have shown cases of preventable deaths in emergency medical services even when triage systems are used, indicating a potential undertriage among some conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the triage level among patients diagnosed with perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) or peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB)...
April 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593755/candidate-dna-barcode-tags-combined-with-high-resolution-melting-bar-hrm-curve-analysis-for-authentication-of-senna-alexandrina-mill-with-validation-in-crude-drugs
#17
Priyanka Mishra, Ashutosh K Shukla, Velusamy Sundaresan
Senna alexandrina (Fabaceae) is a globally recognized medicinal plant for its laxative properties as well as the only source of sennosides, and is highly exported bulk herb from India. Its major procurement is exclusively from limited cultivation, which leads to risks of deliberate or unintended adulteration. The market raw materials are in powdered or finished product form, which lead to difficulties in authentication. Here, DNA barcode tags based on chloroplast genes ( rbcL and matK ) and intergenic spacers ( psbA-trnH and ITS ) were developed for S...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590726/bleeding-peptic-ulcer-tertiary-center-experience-epidemiology-treatment-and-prognosis
#18
Ivan Budimir, Sanja Stojsavljević, Davor Hrabar, Dominik Kralj, Alen Bišćanin, Lora Stanka Kirigin, Mario Zovak, Žarko Babić, Sven Bohnec, Ivan Budimir
The aim of this study was to demonstrate epidemiological, clinical and endoscopic characteristics of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) with special reference to peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). The study included 2198 consecutive patients referred to our emergency department due to acute UGIB from January 2008 to December 2012. All patients underwent urgent upper GI endoscopy within 24 hours of admission, and 842 patients diagnosed with PUB were enrolled and prospectively followed-up. The cumulative incidence of UGIB was 126/100,000 in the 5-year period...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564123/trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-purple-urine-bag-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#19
Hsiu-Wu Yang, Yu-Jang Su
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is rarely observed in clinical practice. The present study aimed to identify the epidemiological trends in PUBS in recent decades. A search of PubMed articles published between 1980 October and 2016 August was conducted, in which 106 articles (174 cases) described PUBS. Of these cases, 58 cases were excluded: 14 cases without mention of gender, 4 cases without description of age, 37 cases without mention of white blood cell (WBC) count, shock status, fever status or description of etiology, and 3 cases without information on mortality...
March 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558823/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
Imai H, Furukawa TA, Hayashi SU, et al. (2017) Risk perception, self-efficacy, trust for physician, depression, and behavior modification in diabetic patients. Journal of Health Psychology. E pub ahead of print 7 July 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1359105317718057. The author omitted to include one of the funders in the Funding statement. The online version of this article has been corrected. The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by grants from the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (Practical Research Project for Life-Style related Diseases including CVD and Diabetes), the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan (Strategic Outcomes Research Program for Research on Diabetes; Comprehensive Research on Life-Style Related Diseases including CVD and Diabetes H25-016), JSPS KAKENHI under Grant No...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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