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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306880/knowledge-opinions-and-compliance-related-to-the-100-smoke-free-law-in-hospitality-venues-in-kampala-uganda-cross-sectional-results-from-the-komply-project
#1
Shannon Gravely, Kellen Namusisi Nyamurungi, Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Gabriel Okello, Lindsay Robertson, Kelvin Khow Chuan Heng, Achiri Elvis Ndikum, Adeniyi Samuel Oginni, Jean Christophe Rusatira, Socrates Kakoulides, Mark D Huffman, Salim Yusuf, Eduardo Bianco
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated knowledge, opinions and compliance related to Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law among hospitality venues in Kampala Uganda. DESIGN: This multi-method study presents cross-sectional findings of the extent of compliance in the early phase of Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law (2 months postimplementation; pre-enforcement). SETTING: Bars, pubs and restaurants in Kampala Uganda. PROCEDURE AND PARTICIPANTS: A two-stage stratified cluster sampling procedure was used to select hospitality sites stratified by all five divisions in Kampala...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291467/obstructive-sleep-apnea-as-a-risk-factor-associated-with-difficult-airway-management-a-narrative-review
#2
Siaw May Leong, Akhilesh Tiwari, Frances Chung, David T Wong
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and difficult airway had been studied in various clinical trials but the relationship between the two conditions has not been clearly established. The objective of this narrative review is to determine if OSA is a risk factor associated with difficult airway. DESIGN: The OVID Medline in process, Medline (vis Pub Med), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched up to April 2016 using specific keywords...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281866/comparative-diagnostic-performance-of-ultrasonography-and-99mtc-sestamibi-scintigraphy-for-parathyroid-adenoma-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Reza Nafisi Moghadam, Amir Pasha Amlelshahbaz, Nasim Namiranian, Mohammad Sobhan-Ardekani, Mahmood Emami-Meybodi, Ali Dehghan, Masoud Rahmanian, Seid Kazem Razavi-Ratki
Objective: Ultrasonography (US) and parathyroid scintigraphy (PS) with 99mTc-MIBI are common methods for preoperative localization of parathyroid adenomas but there discrepancies exist with regard to diagnostic accuracy. The aim of the study was to compare PS and US for localization of parathyroid adenoma with a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. Methods: Pub Med, Scopus (EMbase), Web of Science and the reference lists of all included studies were searched up to 1st January 2016. The search strategy was according PICO characteristics...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280010/role-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-incidence-and-aggravation
#4
Tohid Hassanalilou, Leila Khalili, Saeid Ghavamzadeh, Ali Shokri, Laleh Payahoo, Yaser Khaje Bishak
Vitamin D is one of the main groups of sterols; playing an important role in phospho-calcic metabolism. The conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to pre- vitamin D3 in the skin, through solar ultraviolet B radiation, is the main source of vitamin D. Since lupus patients are usually photosensitive, the risk of developing vitamin D deficiency in is high in this population. Although evidences showed the connotation between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and vitamin D through which SLE can lead to lower vitamin D levels, it is also important to consider the possibility that vitamin D deficiency may have a causative role in SLE etiology...
December 26, 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245552/morphological-and-molecular-analyses-of-epikarstic-parastenocarididae-copepoda-harpacticoida-from-two-sicilian-caves-with-description-of-a-new-i-stammericaris-i
#5
Maria Cristina Bruno, Vezio Cottarelli, Heidi Christine Hauffe, Chiara Rossi, Ulrike Obertegger, Rosario Grasso, Maria Teresa Spena
We describe Stammericaris destillans sp. nov., and re-describe Stammericaris trinacriae (Pesce, Galassi and Cottarelli 1988) based on new material. The two species were collected from epikarstic drips and pools on the floor of two different caves: a karstic (Molara Cave) and a gypsum (Entella Cave) cave, respectively, both located in Sicily, Italy. We also report the presence of previously undescribed structures for Stammericaris amyclaea (Cottarelli 1969) and Stammericaris orcina (Chappuis 1938). Phylogenetic analyses of the mitochondrial COI and ribosomal 18S genes attributed the new species to Stammericaris Jakobi 1972, therefore the structure of the male P4 endopod of S...
November 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238496/lifelong-learning-strategies-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237060/news-from-the-pub-plant-u-box-type-e3-ubiquitin-ligases
#7
Marco Trujillo
Plant U-box type E3 ubiquitin ligases (PUBs) are well known for their functions in a variety of stress responses, including immune responses and the adaptation to abiotic stresses. First linked to pollen self-incompatibility, their repertoire of roles has grown to encompass also the regulation of developmental processes. Notably, new studies provide clues to their mode of action, underline the existence of conserved PUB-kinase modules, and suggest new links to G-protein signalling, placing PUBs at the crossroads of major signalling hubs...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231142/crispr-cas-in-medicinal-chemistry-applications-and-regulatory-concerns
#8
Aliuska Duardo-Sanchez
A rapid search in scientific publication's databases shows how the use of CRISPR-Cas genome editions' technique has considerably expanded, and its growing importance, in modern molecular biology. Just in pub-med platform, the search of the term gives more than 3000 results. Specifically, in Drug Discovery, Medicinal Chemistry and Chemical Biology in general CRISPR method may have multiple applications. Some of these applications are: resistance-selection studies of antimalarial lead organic compounds; investigation of druggability; development of animal models for chemical compounds testing, etc...
December 11, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228186/aether-leveraging-linear-programming-for-optimal-cloud-computing-in-genomics
#9
Jacob M Luber, Braden T Tierney, Evan M Cofer, Chirag J Patel, Aleksandar D Kostic
Motivation: Across biology we are seeing rapid developments in scale of data production without a corresponding increase in data analysis capabilities. Results: Here, we present Aether (http://aether.kosticlab.org), an intuitive, easy-to-use, cost-effective, and scalable framework that uses linear programming (LP) to optimally bid on and deploy combinations of underutilized cloud computing resources. Our approach simultaneously minimizes the cost of data analysis and provides an easy transition from users' existing HPC pipelines...
December 8, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227165/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-an-important-biomarker-for-predicting-pcos-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Ritu Deswal, Arun Yadav, Amita Suneja Dang
Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein which regulates bioavailability of sex steroid hormones. Interest in SHBG has escalated in recent years because of its inverse association with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes type II. This meta-analysis was performed to examine the associations of SHBG with PCOS and to correlate serum SHBG levels with various PCOS associated endocrine and metabolic dysregulation as well as to determine the effects of various therapeutic agents on serum SHBG levels in PCOS patients in order to assess the true accuracy of SHBG in the prediction of PCOS...
December 11, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223760/down-the-local-a-qualitative-case-study-of-daytime-drinking-spaces-in-the-london-borough-of-islington
#11
Claire Thompson, Sarah Milton, Matt Egan, Karen Lock
BACKGROUND: Recognising the lack of research on daytime drinking practices in areas with managed night-time economies (NTEs), this qualitative study explores the phenomena in the London Borough of Islington; a rapidly gentrifying area with a highly regulated night-time economy (NTE). The objectives were to (i) Characterise the daytime drinking spaces of the local alcohol environment and (ii) Theorise the ways in which these spaces, and the practices and performativities within them, are situated within broader social and economic trends...
December 7, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218752/addressing-the-needs-of-first-time-fathers-in-tasmania-a-qualitative-study-of-father-only-antenatal-groups
#12
Meredith Nash
OBJECTIVE: To examine how first-time fathers in rural Tasmania experienced father-only antenatal support/education groups. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews with expectant fathers were used for this study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit fathers in 2014. Participants were recruited face-to-face via email through a government health service and not-for-profit organisation that runs a state-wide fatherhood program. Several participants were recruited through a company that holds antenatal education classes for men in a pub...
December 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205768/the-applications-of-regenerative-medicine-in-sinus-lift-procedures-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Francisco Correia, Daniel Humberto Pozza, Sónia Gouveia, António Felino, Ricardo Faria E Almeida
BACKGROUND: Findings in regenerative medicine applied to the sinus lift procedures. PURPOSE: Evaluate the effectiveness of regenerative medicine in sinus lift. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search for manuscripts were performed by using different combinations of keywords and MeSH terms (Pub-med; Embase; Scopus; Web of Science Core Collection; Medline; Current Contents Connect; Derwent Innovations Index; Scielo Citation Index; Cochrane library)...
December 3, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187938/review-of-toxoplasmosis-in-morocco-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxoplasma-infection-among-pregnant-women-and-hiv-infected-patients
#14
REVIEW
Majda Laboudi
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a protozoal parasite: Toxoplasma gondii. This infection can cause severe illness when the organism is contracted congenitally or when it is reactivated in immunosuppressed people. In this paper we review for the first time prevalence and risk factors of T. gondii among pregnant women and HIV-infected adults in Morocco. A systematic review methodology was used to consult three databases: Pub Med, Science Direct and Google Scholar dated until 2015, regarding prevalence data and risk factors of infection among pregnant women and people living with HIV...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175804/review-medicinal-plants-combating-against-hypertension-a-green-antihypertensive-approach
#15
Sabira Sultana, Hafiz Muhammad Asif
Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure is a medical condition that accounts 9.4 million deaths all over the world every year. It is leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure, diffuse atherosclerosis, cognitive impairment and dementia. Clinically, synthetic antihypertensive drugs have been used to treat hypertension. However, the efficacy of these drugs is low and also produces side effects which include dry mouth, dizziness, emotional distress, gastrointestinal disturbance, visual disorders etc...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173457/blast-injury-prevalence-in-skeletal-remains-are-there-differences-between-bosnian-war-samples-and-documented-combat-related-deaths
#16
Marie Christine Dussault, Ian Hanson, Martin J Smith
Court cases at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) have seen questions raised about the recognition and causes of blast-related trauma and the relationship to human rights abuses or combat. During trials, defence teams argued that trauma was combat related and prosecutors argued that trauma was related to executions. We compared a sample of 81 cases (males between 18 and 75) from a Bosnian mass grave investigation linked to the Kravica warehouse killings to published combat-related blast injury data from World War One, Vietnam, Northern Ireland, the first Gulf War, Operation Iraqi Freedom and Afghanistan...
November 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171065/peptic-ulcer-bleeding-in-cirrhotic-patients-is-as-bad-as-variceal-bleeding
#17
EDITORIAL
Gin-Ho Lo, Thomas Reiberger
Peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) is among the most common causes of hospitalization worldwide, however, advances in endoscopic and pharmacological therapies have reduced the case fatality rate to 2.1% (1). In contrast, 6-week mortality of acute variceal bleeding (AVB) remained as high as 20% (2-3). Despite the considerable incidence of peptic ulcers with 6-33% and high recurrence rate of PUB in patients with cirrhosis (4), the specific mechanisms responsible for peptic ulcers remain largely unknown in the setting of cirrhosis (4)...
November 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170576/early-jurassic-diversification-of-pycnodontiform-fishes-actinopterygii-neopterygii-after-the-end-triassic-extinction-event-evidence-from-a-new-genus-and-species-grimmenodon-aureum
#18
Sebastian Stumpf, Jörg Ansorge, Cathrin Pfaff, Jürgen Kriwet
A new genus and species of pycnodontiform fishes, Grimmenodon aureum, from marginal marine, marine-brackish lower Toarcian (Harpoceras exaratum ammonite subzone) clay deposits of Grimmen in northeastern Germany is described. The single specimen represents a diagnostic left prearticular dentition characterized by unique tooth arrangement and ornamentation patterns. Grimmenodon aureum, gen. et sp. nov., is the second unambiguously identified pycnodontiform species from the Early Jurassic, in addition to Eomesodon liassicus from the early Lower Jurassic of western Europe...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152001/total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-critical-analysis-of-available-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Munis Ashraf, Sruthi Priyavadhana, Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Varatharaj Mounasamy, Om Prakash Sharma
Background: In this era of modern medicine, there is an increase in life expectancy and thereby an ageing population. Among this group one of the most common neurological disorder is Parkinson disease and one of the most common operation done in elderly population is a total joint arthroplasty. But total joint arthroplasty in Parkinson disease is a relatively uncommon entity. There is sparse literature available with regards to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Parkinson disease. This review focusses on the necessity, complications and previous experiences on TKA in PD based on the literature available...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151699/scoring-systems-for-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-which-one-to-use
#20
Ivan Budimir, Sanja Stojsavljević, Neven Baršić, Alen Bišćanin, Gorana Mirošević, Sven Bohnec, Lora Stanka Kirigin, Tajana Pavić, Neven Ljubičić
AIM: To compare the Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS), Rockall score (RS) and Baylor bleeding score (BBS) in predicting clinical outcomes and need for interventions in patients with bleeding peptic ulcers. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2013, 1012 consecutive patients admitted with peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) were prospectively followed. The pre-endoscopic RS, BBS and GBS, as well as the post-endoscopic diagnostic scores (RS and BBS) were calculated for all patients according to their urgent upper endoscopy findings...
November 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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