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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891491/mri-in-dentistry-a-future-towards-radiation-free-imaging-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Lav Kumar Niraj, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Monika Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), being a technique with huge potential, has become the primary diagnostic investigation for many clinical problems. Its application now has been successfully used in dentistry to maximize the diagnostic certainty. AIM: The present review aims to analyze the applicability, feasibility and efficacy of MRI in the field of dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in main databases like Pub Med Central, Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar from 1970 up to December 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882800/development-of-sorafenib-related-side-effects-in-patients-diagnosed-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-impact-on-survival
#2
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Angela Lamarca
​Introduction: Clinical markers to predict the benefit from sorafenib in patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are lacking. A meta-analysis exploring the impact of development of sorafenib-related side effects on survival was conducted. Areas covered: Eligible studies included all clinical studies reporting on the survival/toxicity relationship in sorafenib-treated HCC patients. Data sources included Pub-Med, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and Google scholar. After exclusion of ineligible studies, 16 studies were included in the analysis...
November 30, 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861618/meningococcal-carriage-among-adolescents-after-mass-meningococcal-c-conjugate-vaccination-campaigns-in-salvador-brazil
#3
Amélia Maria Pithon Borges Nunes, Guilherme Sousa Ribeiro, Ítalo Eustáquio Ferreira, Ana Rafaela Silva Simões Moura, Ridalva Dias Martins Felzemburgh, Ana Paula Silva de Lemos, Mitermayer Galvão Reis, José Cassio de Moraes, Leila Carvalho Campos
Neisseria meningitidis is a commensal bacterium of the human nasopharynx. In rare cases, it penetrates the mucosa, entering the blood stream and causing various forms of disease. Meningococcal conjugate vaccines can prevent invasive disease not only by direct effect in vaccinated individuals but also by herd protection, preventing acquisition of carriage, which interrupts transmission and leads to protection of unvaccinated persons. In 2010 in Salvador, Brazil, an outbreak of group C meningococcal disease led to a mass meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccination drive, targeting those <5 and 10-24 years of age...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832389/efficacy-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-interventions-targeting-female-entertainment-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Olive N Y Cheung, Mee Lian Wong
Female entertainment workers (FEWs) working in karaoke lounges, bars, pubs, nightclubs, discotheques, dance halls, massage parlours, restaurants (as hostesses or singers) and beer gardens are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI). The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of HIV/STI intervention programmes targeting FEWs. Among the 14 included studies, majority were in Asia and targeted native FEWs. Most studies were quasi-experimental and the overall quality was relatively low...
November 10, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825859/lifetime-leisure-music-exposure-associated-with-increased-frequency-of-tinnitus
#5
David R Moore, Oliver Zobay, Robert C Mackinnon, William M Whitmer, Michael A Akeroyd
Tinnitus has been linked to noise exposure, a common form of which is listening to music as a leisure activity. The relationship between tinnitus and type and duration of music exposure is not well understood. We conducted an internet-based population study that asked participants questions about lifetime music exposure and hearing, and included a hearing test involving speech intelligibility in noise, the High Frequency Digit Triplets Test. 4950 people aged 17-75 years completed all questions and the hearing test...
November 5, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806820/purple-urine-bag-syndrome
#6
Luma Khalid, Iftikhar Ali, Khatira Wahid, Aziz Ullah Khan, Saima Fawad
Purple Urine Bag Syndrome (PUBS) refers to the purple discoloration of urine and is commonly observed in bed ridden patients with long-term urinary catheters. Although typically benign, the purple discoloration is alarming to both the patients and their attendants. This case report presents an uncommon case of PUBS in a 60-year-old lady with hypertension, type II diabetes, and chronic kidney disease stage 5, who presented to the emergency room with bilateral diabetic foot ulcers of 3 months duration, dry gangrene of ring finger and infected middle and little fingers with abscess over the palmar aspect of right hand of 20 days duration...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797996/factors-important-for-women-who-breastfeed-in-public-a-content-analysis-of-review-data-from-feedfinder
#7
Emma Simpson, Andrew Garbett, Rob Comber, Madeline Balaam
OBJECTIVE: To examine how the breastfeeding experience is represented by users of FeedFinder (a mobile phone application for finding, reviewing and sharing places to breastfeed in public). DESIGN: Content analysis using FeedFinder database. SETTING: FeedFinder, UK, September 2013-June 2015. METHODS: Reviews obtained through FeedFinder over a period of 21 months were systematically coded using a conventional content analysis approach, average review scores were calculated for the rating criteria in FeedFinder (comfort, hygiene, privacy, baby facilities) and review texts were analysed for sentiment...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793767/ruptured-distal-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-pica-aneurysms-associated-with-cerebellar-arterial-venous-malformations-avms-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature-demonstrating-the-need-for-angiographic-evaluation-and-feasibility-of-endovascular-treatment
#8
David Case, David Kumpe, Luis Cava, Robert Neumann, Christopher Roark, Joshua Seinfeld
OBJECTIVE: The characteristics, diagnosis and preferred management strategies for distal PICA aneurysms associated with cerebellar AVMs are poorly understood. We present a case series with attention to aneurysm angioarchitecture, diagnostic imaging, treatment approaches, and a thorough review of the literature. With this information we demonstrate a specific anatomical pattern for these aneurysms, an under reported need for conventional digital subtraction angiography(DSA) during evaluation along with the utility of endovascular treatment with liquid embolic agents...
October 25, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790343/approaches-in-health-human-resource-forecasting-a-roadmap-for-improvement
#9
REVIEW
Sima Rafiei, Rafat Mohebbifar, Fariba Hashemi, Mohammad Ranjbar Ezzatabadi, Fereshteh Farzianpour
INTRODUCTION: Forecasting the demand and supply of health manpower in an accurate manner makes appropriate planning possible. The aim of this paper was to review approaches and methods for health manpower forecasting and consequently propose the features that improve the effectiveness of this important process of health manpower planning. METHODS: A literature review was conducted for studies published in English from 1990-2014 using Pub Med, Science Direct, Pro Quest, and Google Scholar databases...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789703/prokaryotic-virus-orthologous-groups-pvogs-a-resource-for-comparative-genomics-and-protein-family-annotation
#10
Ana Laura Grazziotin, Eugene V Koonin, David M Kristensen
Viruses are the most abundant and diverse biological entities on earth, and while most of this diversity remains completely unexplored, advances in genome sequencing have provided unprecedented glimpses into the virosphere. The Prokaryotic Virus Orthologous Groups (pVOGs, formerly called Phage Orthologous Groups, POGs) resource has aided in this task over the past decade by using automated methods to keep pace with the rapid increase in genomic data. The uses of pVOGs include functional annotation of viral proteins, identification of genes and viruses in uncharacterized DNA samples, phylogenetic analysis, large-scale comparative genomics projects, and more...
October 26, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786592/diagnosing-and-treating-pancoast-tumors
#11
Konstantinos Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos Porpodis, Kelly Domvri, Ellada Eleftheriadou, Despoina Ioannidou, Paul Zarogoulidis
According to the American College of Chest Physician definition, a Pancoast tumor is a tumor which invades any of the structures of the apex of the chest including the first thoracic ribs or periosteum, the lower nerve roots of the bronchial plexus, the sympathetic chain and stellate gaglion near the apex of the chest or the subclavian vessels. Pancoast tumors account for less than 3-5 % of lung tumors. Areas covered: We searched the libraries scopus and pub med and found 124 related manuscripts. From those we chose 18 to include in our short commentary based on the most up-date information included...
October 27, 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773332/pad-ultrasonic-batch-dyeing-of-causticized-lyocell-fabric-with-reactive-dyes
#12
Aijaz Ahmed Babar, Mazhar Hussain Peerzada, Abdul Khalique Jhatial, Noor-Ul-Ain Bughio
Conventionally, cellulosic fabric dyed with reactive dyes requires significant amount of salt. However, the dyeing of a solvent spun regenerated cellulosic fiber is a critical process. This paper presents the dyeing results of lyocell fabrics dyed with conventional pad batch (CPB) and pad ultrasonic batch (PUB) processes. The dyeing of lyocell fabrics was carried out with two commercial dyes namely Drimarine Blue CL-BR and Ramazol Blue RGB. Dyeing parameters including concentration of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate and dwell time were compared for the two processes...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758705/diabetes-management-by-probiotics-current-knowledge-and-future-perspectives
#13
Aziz Homayouni Rad, Farnaz Sahhaf, Tohid Hassanalilou, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Negar Motayagheni, Ahmad-Reza Soroush, Mina Javadi, Amir Mohammad Mortazavian, Leila Khalili
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus, a condition of multifactorial origin, is related to the intestinal microbiota by numerous molecular mechanisms. Controlling the vast increase in the prevalence of diabetes needs a natural and safe solution. Probiotics, known as live microorganisms that exert health benefits to the host, have anti-diabetic property. OBJECTIVE: This review will highlight the current evidences in probiotic effectiveness and future prospects for exploring probiotic therapy in the prevention and control of diabetes...
October 14, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754718/investigational-drugs-in-dry-eye-disease
#14
Marcella Nebbioso, Valeria Fameli, Magda Gharbiya, Marta Sacchetti, Anna Maria Zicari, Alessandro Lambiase
The dry eye disease (DED) is a chronic multifactorial disorder of the tears that also involves the ocular surface, the lacrimal glands, and meibomian dysfunction. Furthermore, DED is often associated with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and other autoimmune disorders. Sometimes, this chronic or subclinical condition is difficult to diagnose and treat, due to its heterogeneity. Areas covered: A literature search of relevant publications about treatment of DED was performed. All relevant articles published between 2011 and 2016 were identified through a computerized search for reviews and clinical trials using the Pub Med database...
October 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744713/nintedanib-ofev-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#15
Jun Fukihara, Yasuhiro Kondoh
Nintedanib is a new anti-fibrosis agent that is an intracellular tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting platelet derived growth factor receptor, fibroblast growth factor receptor and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor. Although nintedanib is attracting much attention as a new treatment option for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the clinical evidence is limited mainly to the results from the dose-deciding phase II TOMORROW trial and phase III INPULSIS trials, which evaluated efficacy and safety of nintedanib for patients with IPF, prespecified subgroup analyses, pooled analyses and meta-analyses derived from those trials...
December 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739282/purple-urine-bag-syndrome
#16
B Barman, M Lyngdoh, K G Lynrah, S B Warjri
The purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) i.e. purple discolouration of urine, is an uncommon and alarming condition in patients with long term urinary catheterisation. Though the condition is benign, it should draw immediate attention to the possibility of an underlying urinary tract infection. The postulated hypothesis for this unusual event is probably a chemical reaction involving tryptophan from food in the gut. We report a case with this unusual and interesting phenomenon in a 65 year old female.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732325/stress-fractures-concepts-and-therapeutics
#17
Carolina A Moreira, John P Bilezikian
CONTEXT: Stress fractures are repetitive use injuries in which recurrent strains lead to material fatigue and microarchitectural discontinuities. Stress fractures account for up to 20% of athletic injuries, more commonly sustained by women and in those who engage in track-and-field events. The pathogenesis of stress fractures is multifactorial. Although most stress fracture are reported among women who may experience menstrual disturbances, low body mass index, low energy intake and sometimes low bone mass, these individuals do not regularly seek endocrinological attention...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727690/purple-urine-bag-syndrome-pubs-a-case-series
#18
Sinu Rv, Kshitij Pawar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727075/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-is-associated-with-increased-recurrent-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-risk
#19
Kuang-Wei Huang, Yi-Chun Kuan, Nai-Fang Chi, Yao-Hsien Huang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Li-Nien Chien
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the risk of recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) remains unclear. In this study, we compared the risk of recurrent PUB between patients with and those without COPD. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we first selected patients newly diagnosed with PUB in 2002-2009. Two groups comprising 13,732 COPD cases and 13,732 non-COPD matched controls were created using propensity score matching, thereby making the differences in basic demographics, medication use, and disease conditions between the two groups negligible...
October 7, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718747/anti-cd20-monoclonal-antibodies-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Irene Del Pilar Moreno Torres, Antonio García-Merino
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic utility of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is currently being evaluated in multiple sclerosis (MS) in line with the better understanding of the role of B lymphocytes in MS pathogenesis. AREA COVERED: We conducted a literature search using Medline/Pub Med database of basic research and available controlled trials about anti-CD20 mAbs in MS. Additionally, ongoing studies were identified in the ClinicalTrials.gov database. B cells exert multiple inflammatory and regulatory functions playing an important role in MS pathogenesis as is demonstrated by the production of autoantibodies, infiltration of B cells in MS lesions and the formation of ectopic B cell follicle-like structures in meninges, among others...
October 10, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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