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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544519/the-effect-of-helium-oxygen-assisted-mechanical-ventilation-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Xu Wu, Chuan Shao, Liang Zhang, Jinjing Tu, Hui Xu, Zhihui Lin, Shuguang Xu, Biyun Yu, Yaodong Tang, Shanqun Li
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often accompanied by acute exacerbations. Patients of COPD exacerbation suffering from respiratory failure often need the support of mechanical ventilation. Helium-oxygen can be used to reduce airway resistance during mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of helium-oxygen-assisted mechanical ventilation on COPD exacerbation through a meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search through databases of Pub Med (1966∼2016), Ovid MEDLINE (1965∼2016), Cochrane EBM (1991∼2016), EMBASE (1974∼2016) and Ovid MEDLINE was performed to identify associated studies...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508966/recurrent-purple-urine-bag-syndrome-presenting-with-full-spectrum-of-disease-severity-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Junzhi Lin, Martha Hlafka, Omar Vargas, Mukul Bhattarai
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is a unique phenomenon characterized by purple discoloration of the urinary catheter bag and tubing following urinary catheterization lasting for hours to days. The purple discoloration is a mixture of indirubin dissolved in plastic with indigo on its surface. PUBS is most commonly associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by bacteria with indoxyl phosphatase/sulfatase activity. It occurs predominantly in chronically catheterized, constipated elderly female patients...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502075/vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-and-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-for-open-abdomen-therapy-a-systematic-review
#3
Stefan Acosta, Martin Björck, Ulf Petersson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to review the literature on vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) in open abdomen therapy. It was designed as systematic review of observational studies. METHODS: A Pub Med, EMBASE and Cochrane search from 2007/01-2016/07 was performed combining the Medical Subject Headings "vacuum", "mesh-mediated fascial traction", "temporary abdominal closure", "delayed abdominal closure", "open abdomen", "abdominal compartment syndrome", "negative pressure wound therapy" or "vacuum assisted wound closure"...
May 14, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494827/use-of-placental-umbilical-blood-sampling-for-neonatal-admission-blood-cultures-benefits-challenges-and-strategies-for-implementation
#4
Shannon P Moore, Desi M Newberry, Amy J Jnah
Placental blood remains an underused resource for early neonatal care despite ample evidence that placental blood provides the same clinical decision making information without the need for painful, invasive blood sampling procedures. Potential benefits of placental/umbilical blood sampling (PUBS) for neonatal admission labs include decreases in pain reactivity, rates of anemia, need for blood transfusions, use of vasopressors, and rates of intraventricular hemorrhage. Here, we present a unique case study of a critically ill infant with contradictory blood culture results from PUBS and direct infant sampling...
May 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474713/-purple-urine-bag-syndrome-an-uncommon-manifestation-of-urinary-tract-infection
#5
María Fernanda Golzarri, Juan Carlos Hernaiz-Leonardo, Adriana Díaz-González, Consuelo Velázquez-Acosta, Diana Vilar-Compte
CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old paraplegic male diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and complete spinal cord compression arrived at our clinic because of fever and purple discoloration of the urine. We diagnosed purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) and treated him with oral ciprofloxacin and urinary catheter replacement. DISCUSSION: PUBS is an unusual phenomenon that occurs predominantly in bedridden patients with long-term urinary catheters, presenting as a purple discoloration of the urine bag...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461861/celiac-disease-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Roghayeh Mohammadibakhsh, Rahim Sohrabi, Morteza Salemi, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Masoud Behzadifar
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune-mediated disorder with both intestinal and systemic manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in Iran. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search on Embase, Pub Med, Web of Science, Google Scholar, MagIran, Scientific Information database (SID) and Iranmedex from 2003 through to November 2015. The Der-Simonian/Laird's (DL), with a 95% confidence interval employed to estimate the overall pooled prevalence...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460044/risk-factors-for-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-taking-selective-cox-2-inhibitors-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Shih-Hao Young, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Yen-Ling Peng, Ping-Hsien Chen, Chung-Chi Lin, Wei-Ming Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
Objective.:  Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs) are associated with less upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) than traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (tNSAIDs). However, they also increase the risk of UGIB in high-risk patients. We aimed to identify the risk factors of UGIB in coxibs users. Design. : Retrospective cohort study. Setting. : 2000-2010 National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Subjects...
April 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454527/effect-of-ivabradine-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-stable-angina-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
Hayelom Gebrekirstos Mengesha, Berhe Weldearegawi, Pammala Petrucka, Tadese Bekele, Mala George Otieno, Abraha Hailu
BACKGROUND: Although there are established drugs for treatment of cardiovascular diseases, due to adverse effects these drugs may not be clinically applicable to all patients. Recent trends have seen the emergence of drugs which act on funny current channels to induce selective heart rate reduction. Ivabradine is one such drug developed for coronary artery disease and heart failure. There is inconsistent evidence about the effect of this selective inhibitor in reduction of cardiovascular related mortality and morbidity...
April 28, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451583/pregnancy-an-underutilized-window-of-opportunity-to-improve-long-term-maternal-and-infant-health-an-appeal-for-continuous-family-care-and-interdisciplinary-communication
#9
REVIEW
Birgit Arabin, Ahmet A Baschat
Physiologic adaptations during pregnancy unmask a woman's predisposition to diseases. Complications are increasingly predicted by first-trimester algorithms, amplify a pre-existing maternal phenotype and accelerate risks for chronic diseases in the offspring up to adulthood (Barker hypothesis). Recent evidence suggests that vice versa, pregnancy diseases also indicate maternal and even grandparent's risks for chronic diseases (reverse Barker hypothesis). Pub-Med and Embase were reviewed for Mesh terms "fetal programming" and "pregnancy complications combined with maternal disease" until January 2017...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434376/pre-clinical-and-clinical-development-of-the-first-placental-malaria-vaccine
#10
Caroline Pehrson, Ali Salanti, Thor G Theander, Morten A Nielsen
Malaria during pregnancy is a massive health problem in endemic areas. Placental malaria infections caused by Plasmodium falciparum are responsible for up to one million babies being born with a low birth weight every year. Significant efforts have been invested into preventing the condition. Areas covered: Pub Med was searched using the broad terms 'malaria parasite placenta' to identify studies of interactions between parasite and host, 'prevention of placental malaria' to identify current strategies to prevent placental malaria, and 'placental malaria vaccine' to identify pre-clinical vaccine development...
June 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434201/how-much-alcohol-is-consumed-outside-of-the-lifetime-risk-guidelines-in-australia
#11
Sarah Callinan, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Paul M Dietze
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of long-term risky drinking within the Australian population and the proportion of standard drinks that is consumed outside of the long-term risk (LTR) guidelines of two Australian standard drinks (ASD) per day. DESIGN AND METHODS: Recruited by phone, 2020 Australian adults with an oversampling of risky drinkers were asked detailed questions about how much alcohol they consumed at a range of locations in 2013...
April 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411101/-surgical-management-of-primary-spindle-cell-sarcoma-of-prostate
#12
Keval N Patel, Rohit K Jha, Shashank J Pandya
Primary spindle cell sarcoma of prostate is an extremely rare malignancy and very few cases of it have been reported [1, 2]. We searched literature through Med-Line database using Pub-Med and Scopus for the articles published between January 1988 and September 2016. Our search was limited to the following keywords: "spindle cell sarcoma", "prostate" and "surgical management". Most of the papers focused on histopathology of the tumour; very few were found discussing the surgical management. We here present a case of localized primary spindle cell sarcoma of prostate operated at our institute with the difficulties we faced and their management...
April 11, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401948/development-and-validation-of-a-method-for-precise-dating-of-female-puberty-in-laboratory-rodents-the-puberty-ovarian-maturation-score-pub-score
#13
Francisco Gaytan, Concepción Morales, Silvia Leon, Violeta Heras, Alexia Barroso, Maria S Avendaño, Maria J Vazquez, Juan M Castellano, Juan Roa, Manuel Tena-Sempere
Puberty is a key developmental event whose primary regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. Precise dating of puberty is crucial for experimental (preclinical) studies on its complex neuroendocrine controlling networks. In female laboratory rodents, external signs of puberty, such as vaginal opening (VO) and epithelial cell cornification (i.e., first vaginal estrus, FE), are indirectly related to the maturational state of the ovary and first ovulation, which is the unequivocal marker of puberty. Whereas in rats, VO and FE are almost simultaneous with the first ovulation, these events are not so closely associated in mice...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392338/cannabis-exercise-performance-and-sport-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Michael C Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence relating to the effect of cannabis on exercise performance. DESIGN: A systematic review of published literature METHODS: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis. A search was conducted using PUB med, Medline and Embase searching for cannabis, marijuana, cannabinoids and THC, in sport and exercise; the contents of sports medicine journals for the last 10 years; as well as cross references from journals and a personal collection of reprints...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386190/establishment-of-apoptotic-regulatory-network-for-genetic-markers-of-colorectal-cancer-and-optimal-selection-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-target
#15
Tongde Tian, Chuanliang Chen, Feng Yang, Jingwen Tang, Junwen Pei, Bian Shi, Ning Zhang, Jianhua Zhang
The paper aimed to screen out genetic markers applicable to early diagnosis for colorectal cancer and establish apoptotic regulatory network model for colorectal cancer, and to analyze the current situation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) target, thereby providing theoretical evidence for early diagnosis and targeted therapy of colorectal cancer. Taking databases including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data, Pub Med, and MEDLINE as main sources of literature retrieval, literatures associated with genetic markers that are applied to early diagnosis of colorectal cancer were searched and performed comprehensive and quantitative analysis by Meta analysis, hence screening genetic markers used in early diagnosis of colorectal cancer...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386169/establishment-of-apoptotic-regulatory-network-for-genetic-markers-of-colorectal-cancer
#16
Yibin Hao, Guoyong Shan, Kejun Nan
Our purpose is to screen out genetic markers applicable to early diagnosis for colorectal cancer and to establish apoptotic regulatory network model for colorectal cancer, thereby providing theoretical evidence and targeted therapy for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer. Taking databases including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data, Pub Med, and MEDLINE as main sources of literature retrieval, literatures associated with genetic markers applied to early diagnosis of colorectal cancer were searched to perform comprehensive and quantitative analysis by Meta analysis, hence screening genetic markers used in early diagnosis of colorectal cancer...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382413/neurodevelopmental-consequences-in-offspring-of-mothers-with-preeclampsia-during-pregnancy-underlying-biological-mechanism-via-imprinting-genes
#17
REVIEW
Yoko Nomura, Rosalind M John, Anna Bugge Janssen, Charles Davey, Jackie Finik, Jessica Buthmann, Vivette Glover, Luca Lambertini
PURPOSE: Preeclampsia is known to be a leading cause of mortality and morbidity among mothers and their infants. Approximately 3-8% of all pregnancies in the US are complicated by preeclampsia and another 5-7% by hypertensive symptoms. However, less is known about its long-term influence on infant neurobehavioral development. The current review attempts to demonstrate new evidence for imprinting gene dysregulation caused by hypertension, which may explain the link between maternal preeclampsia and neurocognitive dysregulation in offspring...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370857/gastrointestinal-toxicity-among-patients-taking-selective-cox-2-inhibitors-or-conventional-nsaids-alone-or-combined-with-proton-pump-inhibitors-a-case-control-study
#18
Mohammad Bakhriansyah, Patrick C Souverein, Anthonius de Boer, Olaf H Klungel
PURPOSE: To assess the risk of gastrointestinal perforation, ulcers, or bleeding (PUB) associated with the use of conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and selective COX-2 inhibitors, with or without PPIs compared with conventional NSAIDs. METHODS: A case-control study was performed within conventional NSAIDs and/or selective COX-2 inhibitors users identified from the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System in the period 1998-2012...
March 31, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361651/interrelationships-among-jumping-power-sprinting-power-and-pubertal-status-after-controlling-for-size-in-young-male-soccer-players
#19
Giovani S Cunha, Sean P Cumming, João Valente-Dos-Santos, João P Duarte, Gustavo Silva, Antonio C Dourado, Gabriela T Leites, Adroaldo C Gaya, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira, Manuel Coelho-E-Silva
This study examined power output on jumping and sprinting tests in young soccer players of differing pubertal status, while controlling for body size with allometric scaling exponents. A total of 46 males aged 12-18 years (14.17 years) were divided into three groups: pre-pubescent ( n = 12), pubescent ( n = 22), and post-pubescent ( n = 12). Participants performed a series of tests, including the squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), and 10-meter and 30-meter sprint test protocols. The Post-PUB group was older ( F = 112...
April 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361258/effects-of-neonatal-excitotoxic-lesions-in-ventral-thalamus-on-social-interaction-in-the-rat
#20
Rainer Wolf, Henrik Dobrowolny, Sven Nullmeier, Bernhard Bogerts, Herbert Schwegler
The role of the thalamus in schizophrenia has increasingly been studied in recent years. Deficits in the ventral thalamus have been described in only few postmortem and neuroimaging studies. We utilised our previously introduced neurodevelopmental animal model, the neonatal excitotoxic lesion of the ventral thalamus of Sprague-Dawley rats (Wolf et al., Pharmacopsychiatry 43:99-109, 22). At postnatal day (PD7), male pubs received bilateral thalamic infusions with ibotenic acid (IBA) or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (control)...
March 30, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
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