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John J Cawley, Jürgen Kriwet
A new pycnodont fish from the early-mid Cenomanian, Late Cretaceous, of the 'Ein Yabrud quarry near the village of Beit Eil in Israel is the first pycnodont fish to be described from this locality. Due to the locality where it was found, Scalacurvithys naishi gen. et sp. nov. is considered an inhabitant of reefal waters interspersed with lagoons in the eastern Tethys Sea. Scalacurvichthys naishi is notable for its protruding, hook-shaped first dorsal ridge scale above a large triangular dermatocranium, a deeply sloped and antero-posteriorly shortened skull and bifurcated cloacal scales...
2018: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
Naiding Yang, Jintao Lu, Jinfu Ye
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that individual job characteristics have a significant impact on job burnout, and the process is subject to the regulation of demographic variables. However, the influence path of job characteristics on job burnout is still a "black box". SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On the basis of a systematic literature review by employing Pub Med, Science Direct, Web of Science, Google Scholar, CNKI and Scopus for required information with the several keywords "Job burnout", "Emotion regulation", "Personality traits", and "Psychological stress", in this study, an improved mine rescue workers-oriented job demands-resources (JD-R) model was put forward...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Jamal Abdul Nasir, Muhammad Imran, Syed Arif Ahmed Zaidi
Vitamin D deficiency is an emerging health concern around the world, highly prevalent in south Asian population, despite abundant sunlight. In Pakistan, all age groups are vulnerable to Vitamin D deficiency including pregnant women. This systematic review aimed to determine the pattern of Vitamin D deficiency among Pakistani pregnant women as well as exploring the causes and possible interventions that have had a substantial effect on improving the vitamin D level. Three databases (PubMed, Pub Get and Google Scholar), for the present review up to 2016, were used for the identification of published peer reviewed original relevant studies regarding Vitamin D deficiency among Pakistani pregnant women with the keywords Vitamin D or 25-hydroxyvitamin D or 25(OH)D in combination with pregnant women...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Kevin Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Anesthesiology Clinics
Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Masoud Honarvar
BACKGROUND: Beta vulgaris (family: Chenopodiacea) is now much used in the food industry as a rich source of sugar but it is much less considered in medicine. Beet has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, decreased libido, gut and joint pain and dandruff. METHODS: This study introduced the benefits of Beta vulgaris by reviewing of Iranian traditional documents from 10th century until now and also compared modern phytotherapy of plant beet from the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus with findings that extracted from traditional literature...
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Dóra Faragó, László Sass, Ildikó Valkai, Norbert Andrási, László Szabados
Plant size, shape and color are important parameters of plants, which have traditionally been measured by destructive and time-consuming methods. Non-destructive image analysis is an increasingly popular technology to characterize plant development in time. High throughput automatic phenotyping platforms can simultaneously analyze multiple morphological and physiological parameters of hundreds or thousands of plants. Such platforms are, however, expensive and are not affordable for many laboratories. Moreover, determination of basic parameters is sufficient for most studies...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Yuka Igeta, Paul Vernet, Sybille Facca, Ismaël Naroura, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Philippe A Liverneaux
With regards to Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, fifth author. The author's name is incorrectly listed on Pub-Med. The first and last name has been mixed up.Correct first name is: JJ (on PubMed: JJH.).Correct last name is: Hidalgo Diaz (on PubMed: Diaz).On SpringerLink the name is listed correctly, but on PubMed he is listed as Diaz JJH.
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Paulo M Fernandes
Prescribed burning is a technically demanding and usually highly scrutinized and debated practice. Barriers of various natures have constrained the development of prescribed burning in forests (PUB) in southern Europe, with insufficient research and outreach among the contributing factors. This paper synthesizes PUB knowledge in the region and identifies research needs. PUB research in the western Mediterranean basin was fostered by international cooperative projects that studied the ecological and management ramifications of low-intensity burning for fire hazard mitigation...
February 23, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Torsten Berglund, Jakob Bergström, Ronny Tikkanen, Anna Thorson, Birger Forsberg
BACKGROUND: The proportion of newly diagnosed HIV and STI cases among men who have sex with men (MSM) that were contracted abroad has been increasing in Sweden. The present study explored factors associated with casual unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and travelling abroad among MSM. METHODS: A cross-sectional stratified survey with 2751 MSM was conducted. The frequency of sexual practices among men who had casual UAI abroad (<12 months) with that of men who had casual UAI only in Sweden were compared and factors associated with casual UAI abroad were identified through regression analysis...
February 27, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Monica Leslie, Paulo Silva, Yannis Paloyelis, James Blevins, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE: Oxytocin's anorexigenic effects have been widely documented and accepted; however, no paper has yet used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines to compile previous findings in a single systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis. The current paper aimed to identify published and unpublished studies examining the effects of oxytocin on energy intake in animals and humans, and the factors that moderate this effect. METHODS: Web of Science, Pub Med, and Ovid were searched for published and unpublished studies reporting the effects of oxytocin on energy intake in wild-type animals and in humans, when administered in the absence of other active drugs or surgery...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
Byunghan Lee, Hyeyoung Min, Sungroh Yoon
Motivation: Metagenomic sequencing has become a crucial tool for obtaining a gene catalogue of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in a microbial community. A typical metagenomic sequencing produces a large amount of data (often in the order of terabytes or more), and computational tools are indispensable for efficient processing. In particular, error correction in metagenomics is crucial for accurate and robust genetic cataloging of microbial communities. However, many existing error-correction tools take a prohibitively long time and often bottleneck the whole analysis pipeline...
February 20, 2018: Bioinformatics
Daphne Reinau, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Mathias Früh, Andri Signorell, Eva Blozik, Christoph R Meier
INTRODUCTION: Controversy exists as to whether glucocorticoids (GC) are ulcerogenic per se and may thus cause peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) independent of concomitantly prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between GC use and PUB with or without co-medication with NSAIDs. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using administrative claims data from the Swiss health insurance company Helsana...
February 21, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Hossam S El-Tholoth, Sami Al Rasheedi, Faris Alharbi, Waleed Alshammari, Tarek Alzahrani, Ahmed Al Zahrani
Background: Paraganglioma of the urinary bladder (PUB) is exceedingly rare, accounting for <0.1% of all urinary bladder tumors. Various challenging treatment options are available. Case Presentation: A 67-year-old female presented with malignant hypertension on four medications for which investigation was done. An observation of having functioning PUB was noted. She was admitted and laparoscopic partial cystectomy was done with the guidance of flexible cystoscopy. She had a smooth postoperative course and was discharged home, then catheter was removed after cystogram...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Matthias Koch, Berardo Di Matteo, Jürgen Eichhorn, Johannes Zellner, Felix Mayr, Werner Krutsch, Leonard Achenbach, Rebecca Woehl, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele
With regards to Berardo Di Matteo, second author. The author's name is incorrectly listed on Pub-Med. The first and last name have been mixed up.
February 20, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Frederick-Anthony Farrugia, Nicolaos Zavras, Georgios Martikos, Panagiotis Tzanetis, Anestis Charalampopoulos, Evangelos P Misiakos, Dimitrios Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Koliakos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present up to date information concerning the diagnosis and treatment of primary aldosteronism (PA). PA is the most common cause of endocrine hypertension. It has been reported up to 24% of selective referred hypertensive patients. METHODS: We did a search in Pub-Med and Google Scholar using the terms: PA, hyperaldosteronism, idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia, diagnosis of PA, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, adrenalectomy, and surgery...
January 1, 2018: Endocrine Regulations
A Garavand, M Samadbeik, M Kafashi, Sh Abhari
Background: Mobile health is one of the new technologies for the utilization of health information. For its successful implementation as well as any other system, we must primarily measure the adoption and use of its factors. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate published articles about the factors affecting the adoption of mobile health and categorizing the factors affecting the adoption of this system. Methods: This study is a comprehensive review done by searching major databases such as Google Scholar, Emerald, Science Direct, Iran Medex, SID, Magiran, Pub med, etc...
December 2017: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Jiaxing Liu, Jie Deng, Fugui Zhu, Yuan Li, Zheng Lu, Peibin Qin, Tao Wang, Jiangli Dong
MtDMI2 is a leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-type receptor kinase required for the signal transduction in the symbiosis pathway. However, the mechanisms through which MtDMI2 participates in nodulation homeostasis are poorly understood. In this study, we identified MtPUB2, a new plant U-box (PUB)-type E3 ligase, and showed that it interacts with MtDMI2. The expression pattern of these proteins is similar in various tissues. MtPUB2-RNAi roots exhibit impaired infection threads, fewer nodules, and shorter primary root length compared with empty vector-transformed plants...
February 13, 2018: Plant Physiology
Ahmed A Metwally, Jie Yang, Christian Ascoli, Yang Dai, Patricia W Finn, David L Perkins
BACKGROUND: Microbial longitudinal studies are powerful experimental designs utilized to classify diseases, determine prognosis, and analyze microbial systems dynamics. In longitudinal studies, only identifying differential features between two phenotypes does not provide sufficient information to determine whether a change in the relative abundance is short-term or continuous. Furthermore, sample collection in longitudinal studies suffers from all forms of variability such as a different number of subjects per phenotypic group, a different number of samples per subject, and samples not collected at consistent time points...
February 13, 2018: Microbiome
Jinggeng Zhou, Derui Liu, Ping Wang, Xiyu Ma, Wenwei Lin, Sixue Chen, Kiril Mishev, Dongping Lu, Rahul Kumar, Isabelle Vanhoutte, Xiangzong Meng, Ping He, Eugenia Russinova, Libo Shan
Plants largely rely on plasma membrane (PM)-resident receptor-like kinases (RLKs) to sense extracellular and intracellular stimuli and coordinate cell differentiation, growth, and immunity. Several RLKs have been shown to undergo internalization through the endocytic pathway with a poorly understood mechanism. Here, we show that endocytosis and protein abundance of the Arabidopsis brassinosteroid (BR) receptor, BR INSENSITIVE1 (BRI1), are regulated by plant U-box (PUB) E3 ubiquitin ligase PUB12- and PUB13-mediated ubiquitination...
February 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yaniv Kazansky, Ming-Yih Lai, Rajesh K Singh, David Fushman
The covalent attachment of ubiquitin (Ub) or Ub chains to cellular proteins is a versatile post-translational modification involved in a variety of eukaryotic cellular events. Recently, the post-translational modification of Ub itself by phosphorylation has emerged as an important component of the Ub-signaling system. Specifically, Ub phosphorylation at serine-65 was shown to activate parkin-mediated mitochondrial quality control. However, the impact of phosphorylation on Ub structure and interactions is poorly understood...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
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