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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136090/perfect-for-a-gin-and-tonic-how-context-drives-consumption-within-a-modified-bogus-taste-test
#1
Rebecca L Monk, Adam W Qureshi, Adam McNeill, Marianne Erskine-Shaw, Derek Heim
Aim: To implement a modified bogus taste test (BTT) and to examine the interactive effects of environmental and social contexts on levels of 'alcohol' consumption. Method: University students (Study 1 n = 38, Study 2 n = 80), recruited via opportunity sampling, completed a modified BTT under the pretence of assessing garnish preference for gin and tonic. All participants were tested alone or as part of an existing friendship group. In Study 1 participants were in a laboratory setting but were exposed to different contextual cues (alcohol-related or neutral) by way of posters displayed on the walls...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126148/consensus-coding-sequence-ccds-database-a-standardized-set-of-human-and-mouse-protein-coding-regions-supported-by-expert-curation
#2
Shashikant Pujar, Nuala A O'Leary, Catherine M Farrell, Jane E Loveland, Jonathan M Mudge, Craig Wallin, Carlos G Girón, Mark Diekhans, If Barnes, Ruth Bennett, Andrew E Berry, Eric Cox, Claire Davidson, Tamara Goldfarb, Jose M Gonzalez, Toby Hunt, John Jackson, Vinita Joardar, Mike P Kay, Vamsi K Kodali, Fergal J Martin, Monica McAndrews, Kelly M McGarvey, Michael Murphy, Bhanu Rajput, Sanjida H Rangwala, Lillian D Riddick, Ruth L Seal, Marie-Marthe Suner, David Webb, Sophia Zhu, Bronwen L Aken, Elspeth A Bruford, Carol J Bult, Adam Frankish, Terence Murphy, Kim D Pruitt
The Consensus Coding Sequence (CCDS) project provides a dataset of protein-coding regions that are identically annotated on the human and mouse reference genome assembly in genome annotations produced independently by NCBI and the Ensembl group at EMBL-EBI. This dataset is the product of an international collaboration that includes NCBI, Ensembl, HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee, Mouse Genome Informatics and University of California, Santa Cruz. Identically annotated coding regions, which are generated using an automated pipeline and pass multiple quality assurance checks, are assigned a stable and tracked identifier (CCDS ID)...
November 6, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114338/rationale-of-cruciate-retaining-design-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-review-of-clinical-analysis-and-its-role-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Munis Ashraf, Om Prakash Sharma, Sruthi Priyavadhana, Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Varatharaj Mounasamy
Background: Over the years, proponents of total knee designs (cruciate retaining and posterior stabilised) have conducted several long-term studies to claim the potential of these designs in several subsets of patients. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis has also been one such domain where numerous studies were conducted in the past. A general perception among majority of arthroplasty surgeons is that, posterior stabilised (PS) is the implanted design of choice among patients with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080227/yeasts-and-moulds-contaminants-of-food-ice-cubes-and-their-survival-in-different-drinks
#4
N Francesca, R Gaglio, C Stucchi, S De Martino, G Moschetti, L Settanni
AIMS: To evaluate the levels of unicellular and filamentous fungi in ice cubes produced at different levels and to determine their survival in alcoholic beverages and soft drinks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty samples of ice cubes collected from home level (HL) productions, bars and pubs (BP) and industrial manufacturing plants (MP) were investigated for the presence and cell density of yeasts and moulds. Moulds were detected in almost all samples, while yeasts developed from the majority of HL and MP samples...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079144/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-44-management-of-bleeding-in%C3%A2-the-late-preterm-period
#5
Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
Third-trimester bleeding is a common complication arising from a variety of etiologies, some of which may initially present in the late preterm period. Previous management recommendations have not been specific to this gestational age window, which carries a potentially lower threshold for delivery. The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on management of late preterm (34 0/7-36 6/7 weeks of gestation) vaginal bleeding. The following are Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine recommendations: (1) we recommend delivery at 36-37 6/7 weeks of gestation for stable women with placenta previa without bleeding or other obstetric complications, such as preeclampsia or fetal growth restriction (Grade 1B); (2) we do not recommend routine cervical length screening for women with placenta previa in the late preterm period because of a lack of data on an appropriate management strategy (Grade 2C); (3) we recommend a planned delivery between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation for stable women with placenta accreta (Grade 1C); (4) we recommend delivery between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation for stable women with vasa previa (Grade 1C); (5) we recommend that in women with active hemorrhage in the late preterm period, delivery should not be delayed for the purpose of administering antenatal corticosteroids (Grade 1B); (6) we recommend that fetal lung maturity testing should not be used to guide management in the late preterm period when an indication for delivery is present (Grade 1B); and (7) we recommend that antenatal corticosteroids should be administered to women who are eligible and are managed expectantly if delivery is likely within 7 days, the gestational age is between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation, and antenatal corticosteroids has not previously been administered (Grade 1A)...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069347/vecscreen_plus_taxonomy-imposing-a-tax-onomy-increase-on-vector-contamination-screening
#6
Alejandro A Schäffer, Eric P Nawrocki, Yoon Choi, Paul A Kitts, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, Richard McVeigh
Motivation: Nucleic acid sequences in public databases should not contain vector contamination, but many sequences in GenBank do (or did) contain vectors. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) uses the program VecScreen to screen submitted sequences for contamination. Additional tools are needed to distinguish true positive (contamination) from false positive (not contamination) VecScreen matches. Results: A principal reason for false positive VecScreen matches is that the sequence and the matching vector subsequence originate from closely related or identical organisms (for example, both originate in E...
October 23, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062842/asymptomatic-malaria-and-its-challenges-in-the-malaria-elimination-program-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Gholmreza Hassanpour, Mehdi Mohebali, Hojjat Zeraati, Ahmad Raeisi, Hossein Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to find an appropriate approach to asymptomatic malaria in elimination setting through a systematic review. METHODS: A broad search was conducted to find articles with the words 'malaria' in their titles and 'asymptomatic' or 'submicroscopic' in their texts, irrespective of the type of study conducted. The Cochrane, Medline/Pub Med, and Scopus databases, as well as Google Scholar were systematically searched for English articles and reports and Iran's databases-Iran Medex, SID and Magiran were searched for Persian reports and articles, with no time limitation...
June 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049603/enhancing-auditory-selective-attention-using-a-visually-guided-hearing-aid
#8
Gerald Kidd
Purpose: Listeners with hearing loss, as well as many listeners with clinically normal hearing, often experience great difficulty segregating talkers in a multiple-talker sound field and selectively attending to the desired "target" talker while ignoring the speech from unwanted "masker" talkers and other sources of sound. This listening situation forms the classic "cocktail party problem" described by Cherry (1953) that has received a great deal of study over the past few decades. In this article, a new approach to improving sound source segregation and enhancing auditory selective attention is described...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049602/speech-understanding-in-complex-listening-environments-by-listeners-fit-with-cochlear-implants
#9
Michael F Dorman, Rene H Gifford
Purpose: The aim of this article is to summarize recent published and unpublished research from our 2 laboratories on improving speech understanding in complex listening environments by listeners fit with cochlear implants (CIs). Method: CI listeners were tested in 2 listening environments. One was a simulation of a restaurant with multiple, diffuse noise sources, and the other was a cocktail party with 2 spatially separated point sources of competing speech. At issue was the value of the following sources of information, or interventions, on speech understanding: (a) visual information, (b) adaptive beamformer microphones and remote microphones, (c) bimodal fittings, that is, a CI and contralateral low-frequency acoustic hearing, (d) hearing preservation fittings, that is, a CI with preserved low-frequency acoustic in the same ear plus low-frequency acoustic hearing in the contralateral ear, and (e) bilateral CIs...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049601/age-related-changes-in-objective-and-subjective-speech-perception-in-complex-listening-environments
#10
Karen S Helfer, Gabrielle R Merchant, Peter A Wasiuk
Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals' ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049600/speech-perception-in-complex-acoustic-environments-developmental-effects
#11
Lori J Leibold
Purpose: The ability to hear and understand speech in complex acoustic environments follows a prolonged time course of development. The purpose of this article is to provide a general overview of the literature describing age effects in susceptibility to auditory masking in the context of speech recognition, including a summary of findings related to the maturation of processes thought to facilitate segregation of target from competing speech. Method: Data from published and ongoing studies are discussed, with a focus on synthesizing results from studies that address age-related changes in the ability to perceive speech in the presence of a small number of competing talkers...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049599/auditory-scene-analysis-an-attention-perspective
#12
Elyse S Sussman
Purpose: This review article provides a new perspective on the role of attention in auditory scene analysis. Method: A framework for understanding how attention interacts with stimulus-driven processes to facilitate task goals is presented. Previously reported data obtained through behavioral and electrophysiological measures in adults with normal hearing are summarized to demonstrate attention effects on auditory perception-from passive processes that organize unattended input to attention effects that act at different levels of the system...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049598/cortical-and-sensory-causes-of-individual-differences-in-selective-attention-ability-among-listeners-with-normal-hearing-thresholds
#13
Barbara Shinn-Cunningham
Purpose: This review provides clinicians with an overview of recent findings relevant to understanding why listeners with normal hearing thresholds (NHTs) sometimes suffer from communication difficulties in noisy settings. Method: The results from neuroscience and psychoacoustics are reviewed. Results: In noisy settings, listeners focus their attention by engaging cortical brain networks to suppress unimportant sounds; they then can analyze and understand an important sound, such as speech, amidst competing sounds...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028361/new-findings-on-biological-actions-and-clinical-applications-of-royal-jelly-a-review
#14
Mozafar Khazaei, Atefe Ansarian, Elham Ghanbari
Royal jelly (RJ) is a natural bee product with great potential for use in medicine. The chemical composition of RJ indicates the presence of various bioactive substances including 10-hydroxydecanoic acid and 24-methylenecholesterol. In addition, a number of biological and pharmacological activities of RJ have been documented. The aim of this study was to review the biological and medical effects of RJ. The search was conducted in articles from electronic and scientific literature databases such as Pub Med, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, and ISI Web of Science published from 1990 to 2017 using keywords of pharmacological, biological, and clinical effects and royal jelly...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016719/you-wouldn-t-sober-you-shouldn-t-drunk-a-behavioural-change-approach-to-changing-attitudes-and-responses-to-unwanted-sexual-attention-in-pubs-and-clubs
#15
Matthew Wood, Paurav Shukla
Aims: The objective was to evaluate a campaign designed to influence social norms and re-establish boundaries around the issue of unwanted sexual attention in pubs and clubs. In particular, the campaign aimed to raise awareness, and reduce the acceptability, of unwanted sexual attention when drunk. Methods: A before-after-with-control group study design was used to evaluate campaign effectiveness. The data was further segmented to explore gender differences and between individuals who reported enjoying going out to get drunk and those who did not...
August 30, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016713/heavy-drinkers-and-the-potential-impact-of-minimum-unit-pricing-no-single-or-simple-effect
#16
J Gill, H Black, R Rush, F O'May, J Chick
Aims: To explore the potential impact of a minimum unit price (MUP: 50 pence per UK unit) on the alcohol consumption of ill Scottish heavy drinkers. Methods: Participants were 639 patients attending alcohol treatment services or admitted to hospital with an alcohol-related condition. From their reported expenditure on alcohol in their index week, and assuming this remained unchanged, we estimated the impact of a MUP (50 ppu) on future consumption. (Around 15% purchased from both the more expensive on-sale outlets (hotels, pubs, bars) and from off-sales (shops and supermarkets)...
September 7, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987451/smoking-prevention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-individualized-interventions
#17
REVIEW
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976053/collaborative-care-using-six-thinking-hats-for-decision-making
#18
Jane Marie Cioffi
AIM: To apply six thinking hats technique for decision making in collaborative care. BACKGROUND: In collaborative partnerships, effective communications need to occur in patient, family, and health care professional meetings. The effectiveness of these meetings depends on the engagement of participants and the quality of the meeting process. The use of six thinking hats technique to engage all participants in effective dialogue is proposed. DESIGN: Discussion paper...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973346/functional-interactivity-in-social-media-an-examination-of-chinese-health-care-organizations-microblog-profiles
#19
Shaohai Jiang
Social media hold enormous potentials as a communication tool for health care due to its interactive nature. However, prior research mainly focused on contingency interactivity of social media, by examining messages sent from health care organizations to audiences, while little is known about functional interactivity, which refers to social media's presence of functions for facilitating communication between users and its interface. That is, how health care organizations use interactive features on social media to communicate with the public...
September 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971402/-mir-140-3p-downregulation-in-association-with-pdl-1-overexpression-in-many-cancers-a-review-from-the-literature-using-predictive-bioinformatics-tools
#20
Nikolaos Kapodistrias, Catherine Bobori, Georgia Theocharopoulou
Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been speculated to play a critical role in suppression of the immune system and it can be upregulated in cancer cells, which may allow cancers to evade the host immune system. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules (containing about 22 nucleotides), that function in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. MiRNAs were found deregulated (upregulated or downregulated) and implicated in cancer development with various roles which depend on their gene target...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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