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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646287/assessing-the-effects-of-price-regulation-and-freedom-of-choice-on-quality-evidence-from-the-physiotherapy-market
#1
Piia Pekola, Ismo Linnosmaa, Hennamari Mikkola
In health care, many aspects of the delivery of services are subject to regulation. Often the purpose of the regulated health care system is to encourage providers to keep costs down without skimping on quality. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effect of price regulation and free choice on quality in physiotherapy organised by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland for the disabled individuals.We use the difference-in-differences method in our effort to isolate the effect of the regulation and for this task we have defined the regulated and non-regulated firms and their quality before and after the regulation...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638721/long-term-cost-of-spouses-informal-support-for-dependent-midlife-stroke-survivors
#2
Josefine Persson, Lars-Åke Levin, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Mikael Svensson, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Christian Blomstrand, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is a major global disease that requires extensive care and support from society and relatives. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the long-term informal support and to estimate the annual cost of informal support provided by spouses to their stroke surviving partner. METHOD: Data were based on the 7-year follow-up of the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke. One-third of the spouses stated that they provided support to their stroke surviving partner...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622485/the-nature-of-whiplash-in-a-compensable-environment-injury-disability-rehabilitation-and-compensation-systems
#3
Luke B Connelly
Synopsis Whiplash is a compensable injury in many jurisdictions, but there is considerable heterogeneity in the compensation arrangements that apply across jurisdictions, even within some countries. These schemes have, however, been subject to a common set of inter-related concerns, chiefly concerning the incentives, behaviours, and outcomes that may arise when financial compensation for injuries is available to injured parties. This article provides a non-technical overview of some of those concerns through the lens of economics: principally, insurance economics and health economics, including related subsets such as information economics and agency theory, as well as economics and the law...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618448/out-of-sight-but-not-out-of-mind-home-countries-macroeconomic-volatilities-and-immigrants-mental-health
#4
Ha Trong Nguyen, Luke Brian Connelly
We provide the first empirical evidence that better economic performances by immigrants' countries of origin, as measured by lower consumer price index (CPI) or higher gross domestic product, improve immigrants' mental health. We use an econometrically-robust approach that exploits exogenous changes in macroeconomic conditions across immigrants' home countries over time and controls for immigrants' observable and unobservable characteristics. The CPI effect is statistically significant and sizeable. Furthermore, the CPI effect diminishes as the time since emigrating increases...
June 15, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616419/economic-planning-and-equilibrium-growth-of-human-resources-and-capital-in-health-care-sector-case-study-of-iran
#5
Payman Mahboobi-Ardakan, Mahmood Kazemian, Sattar Mehraban
CONTEXT: During different planning periods, human resources factor has been considerably increased in the health-care sector. AIMS: The main goal is to determine economic planning conditions and equilibrium growth for services level and specialized workforce resources in health-care sector and also to determine the gap between levels of health-care services and specialized workforce resources in the equilibrium growth conditions and their available levels during the periods of the first to fourth development plansin Iran...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596742/assessing-the-growth-of-ethical-banking-some-evidence-from-spanish-customers
#6
Fernando E Callejas-Albiñana, Isabel Martínez-Rodríguez, Ana I Callejas-Albiñana, Irene M de Vidales-Carrasco
Aristotle, who, having predated Adam Smith by 2000 years, deserves to be recognized as the world's first economist (Solomon, 1995), distinguished between two different senses of what we call economics: oikonomikos, or household trading, which he approved of and considered essential to the working of any even slightly complex society, and chrematisike, or trade for profit, which he considered selfish and utterly devoid of virtue, calling those who engaged in such practices "parasites". Of course, consumers do not purchase and invest for solely economic reasons (Polanyi, 1944)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596626/a-theoretical-model-of-the-relationship-between-the-h-index-and-other-simple-citation-indicators
#7
Lucio Bertoli-Barsotti, Tommaso Lando
Of the existing theoretical formulas for the h-index, those recently suggested by Burrell (J Informetr 7:774-783, 2013b) and by Bertoli-Barsotti and Lando (J Informetr 9(4):762-776, 2015) have proved very effective in estimating the actual value of the h-index Hirsch (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:16569-16572, 2005), at least at the level of the individual scientist. These approaches lead (or may lead) to two slightly different formulas, being based, respectively, on a "standard" and a "shifted" version of the geometric distribution...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593509/health-expenditure-and-economic-growth-a-review-of-the-literature-and-an-analysis-between-the-economic-community-for-central-african-states-cemac-and-selected-african-countries
#8
Serge Mandiefe Piabuo, Julius Chupezi Tieguhong
African leaders accepted in the year 2001 through the Abuja Declaration to allocate 15% of their government expenditure on health but by 2013 only five (5) African countries achieved this target. In this paper, a comparative analysis on the impact of health expenditure between countries in the CEMAC sub-region and five other African countries that achieved the Abuja declaration is provided. Data for this study was extracted from the World Development Indicators (2016) database, panel ordinary least square (OLS), fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) and dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) were used as econometric technic of analysis...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579669/how-important-is-parental-education-for-child-nutrition
#9
Harold Alderman, Derek D Headey
Existing evidence on the impacts of parental education on child nutrition is plagued by both internal and external validity concerns. In this paper we try to address these concerns through a novel econometric analysis of 376,992 preschool children from 56 developing countries. We compare a naïve least square model to specifications that include cluster fixed effects and cohort-based educational rankings to reduce biases from omitted variables before gauging sensitivity to sub-samples and exploring potential explanations of education-nutrition linkages...
June 2017: World Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575714/performance-of-people-with-diabetes-in-the-labor-market-an-empirical-approach-controlling-for-complications
#10
Beatriz Rodríguez-Sánchez, David Cantarero-Prieto
This paper introduces a framework for modelling the impact that diabetes has on employment status and wages, improving the existing literature by controlling for diabetes-related complications. Using the last wave of the Spanish National Health Survey, we find that 1710 adults out of the original sample of 36,087 have diabetes, reporting higher rates of unemployment. Our empirical results suggest that persons with diabetes, compared with non-diabetic persons, have poorer labor outcomes in terms of length of unemployment and lower income...
May 25, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568477/two-stage-residual-inclusion-estimation-in-health-services-research-and-health-economics
#11
Joseph V Terza
OBJECTIVES: Empirical analyses in health services research and health economics often require implementation of nonlinear models whose regressors include one or more endogenous variables-regressors that are correlated with the unobserved random component of the model. In such cases, implementation of conventional regression methods that ignore endogeneity will likely produce results that are biased and not causally interpretable. Terza et al. (2008) discuss a relatively simple estimation method that avoids endogeneity bias and is applicable in a wide variety of nonlinear regression contexts...
May 31, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560201/a-comparative-study-on-willingness-to-pay-for-breast-cancer-and-osteoporosis-screening-in-kerman-southeastern-iran
#12
Asma Sabermahani, Sedighe Mohammad Taghizade, Reza Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: One of the economic evaluation techniques involves calculation of willingness to pay (WTP) for a service to find out the value of that service from the clients' perspective. This study estimated WTP for both breast cancer and osteoporosis screening and comparatively examined the contributing factors. In fact, the comparisons served to provide an exact analysis of individual attitudes and behaviors in relation to screening programs for cancers and other diseases. METHODS: This study was first designed in six scenarios several questionnaires concerning individual breast cancer and osteoporosis screening cases, and determined the WTP median in each scenario between people in Kerman Province of Iran in 2016...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516496/the-impact-of-childhood-obesity-on-health-and-health-service-use
#13
Jonas Minet Kinge, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To test the impact of obesity on health and health care use in children, by the use of various methods to account for reverse causality and omitted variables. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Fifteen rounds of the Health Survey for England (1998-2013), which is representative of children and adolescents in England. STUDY DESIGN: We use three methods to account for reverse causality and omitted variables in the relationship between BMI and health/health service use: regression with individual, parent, and household control variables; sibling fixed effects; and instrumental variables based on genetic variation in weight...
May 17, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503669/dietary-diversity-and-child-malnutrition-in-ghana
#14
Raymond Boadi Frempong, Samuel Kobina Annim
The health of children in Ghana has improved in recent years. However, the current prevalence rates of malnutrition remain above internationally acceptable levels. This study, therefore, revisits the determinants of child health by using Ghana's Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey to investigate the effect of infant feeding practices on child health. We used the World Health Organization's Infant and Young Children Feeding guidelines to measure dietary quality. The econometric analyses show that dietary diversity may cause improvement in children's health in Ghana...
May 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493302/instrumental-variables-estimation-of-exposure-effects-on-a-time-to-event-endpoint-using-structural-cumulative-survival-models
#15
Torben Martinussen, Stijn Vansteelandt, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, David M Zucker
The use of instrumental variables for estimating the effect of an exposure on an outcome is popular in econometrics, and increasingly so in epidemiology. This increasing popularity may be attributed to the natural occurrence of instrumental variables in observational studies that incorporate elements of randomization, either by design or by nature (e.g., random inheritance of genes). Instrumental variables estimation of exposure effects is well established for continuous outcomes and to some extent for binary outcomes...
May 10, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489474/global-burden-of-sugar-related-dental-diseases-in-168-countries-and-corresponding-health-care-costs
#16
T Meier, P Deumelandt, O Christen, G I Stangl, K Riedel, M Langer
Oral diseases such as dental caries, edentulism (tooth loss), periodontal disease (PD), and oral cancer currently constitute an increased major public health burden across the globe, with significant differences between countries. One of the main drivers of caries, edentulism, and PD is the excessive intake of sugars. Here, we aimed to quantify the global sugar-related dental health and cost burden in the year 2010. This study used a health-econometrical model to calculate the disease burden as well as the direct and indirect costs attributable to the intake of free sugars (mono- and disaccharides [MDS])...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487858/a-balanced-approach-to-adaptive-probability-density-estimation
#17
Julio A Kovacs, Cailee Helmick, Willy Wriggers
Our development of a Fast (Mutual) Information Matching (FIM) of molecular dynamics time series data led us to the general problem of how to accurately estimate the probability density function of a random variable, especially in cases of very uneven samples. Here, we propose a novel Balanced Adaptive Density Estimation (BADE) method that effectively optimizes the amount of smoothing at each point. To do this, BADE relies on an efficient nearest-neighbor search which results in good scaling for large data sizes...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484914/further-evidence-on-eq-5d-5l-preference-inversion-a-brazil-u-s-collaboration
#18
Benjamin M Craig, Andréa L Monteiro, Michael Herdman, Marisa Santos
PURPOSE: A preference inversion occurs when "worse" health (instead of "better" health) along a scale or score is preferred. Our aim was to confirm past findings of EQ-5D-5L preference inversions among English-speaking respondents and to explore inversions among Portuguese-speaking respondents. Anecdotal evidence suggests that inversions may be more common in the Portuguese version, where the translation of the fourth level "severely" (gravemente) means "gravely." METHODS: Through an infusion clinic in Tampa, Florida, United States and a cardiology clinic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 740 respondents completed a tablet-based survey, which included the EQ-5D-3L and -5L followed by paired comparisons designed to assess preference inversions between the fourth and fifth levels of each of the five domains: Mobility (MO), Self-Care (SC), Usual Activity (UA), Pain/Discomfort (PD), and Anxiety/Depression (AD)...
May 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477238/identifying-societal-preferences-for-river-restoration-in-a-densely-populated-urban-environment-evidence-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment-in-central-brussels
#19
Wendy Y Chen, Inge Liekens, Steven Broekx
One of the major challenges facing river restoration in densely populated urban areas has been the disparity between the expectations of policy-makers and societal preferences. This study aimed to elicit public preferences and elucidate underlying sources of preference heterogeneity, using the Zenne River in central Brussels, Belgium, as a case study. A discrete choice experiment was administered to a representative sample of the Brussels population. Five attributes were specified, including water quality, ecological status, hydromorphological features of channels, recreational opportunities, and monetary cost...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474770/analysing-model-fit-of-psychometric-process-models-an-overview-a-new-test-and-an-application-to-the-diffusion-model
#20
Jochen Ranger, Jörg-Tobias Kuhn, Carsten Szardenings
Cognitive psychometric models embed cognitive process models into a latent trait framework in order to allow for individual differences. Due to their close relationship to the response process the models allow for profound conclusions about the test takers. However, before such a model can be used its fit has to be checked carefully. In this manuscript we give an overview over existing tests of model fit and show their relation to the generalized moment test of Newey (Econometrica, 53, 1985, 1047) and Tauchen (J...
May 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
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