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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429978/the-cost-quality-relationship-in-european-hospitals-a-systematic-review
#1
Rikke Søgaard, Ulrika Enemark
Objective To determine the relationship between cost and quality in European hospitals. Methods Juran's cost-quality curve served as a theoretical framework, linked to basic efficiency concepts. Based on systematic database searches, citation searches and cross-referencing, we identify 1093 empirical studies. After exclusion of studies from outside Europe (699), non-hospital settings (10 studies), lack of a cost parameter (194) or a quality parameter (27 studies), 22 studies (28 analyses) were assessed for direction of association and methodological heterogeneity...
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427353/assessing-the-impact-of-natural-policy-experiments-on-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-how-to-apply-commonly-used-quantitative-analytical-methods
#2
Yannan Hu, Frank J van Lenthe, Rasmus Hoffmann, Karen van Hedel, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence-base for policies to tackle health inequalities is limited. Natural policy experiments (NPE) have drawn increasing attention as a means to evaluating the effects of policies on health. Several analytical methods can be used to evaluate the outcomes of NPEs in terms of average population health, but it is unclear whether they can also be used to assess the outcomes of NPEs in terms of health inequalities. The aim of this study therefore was to assess whether, and to demonstrate how, a number of commonly used analytical methods for the evaluation of NPEs can be applied to quantify the effect of policies on health inequalities...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421518/empirical-research-on-coordination-evaluation-and-sustainable-development-mechanism-of-regional-logistics-and-new-type-urbanization-a-panel-data-analysis-from-2000-to-2015-for-liaoning-province-in-china
#3
Qiang Sun
As the largest developing country in the world, China has witnessed fast-paced urbanization over the past three decades with rapid economic growth. In fact, urbanization has been not only shown to promote economic growth and improve the livelihood of people but also can increase demands of regional logistics. Therefore, a better understanding of the relationship between urbanization and regional logistics is important for China's future sustainable development. The development of urban residential area and heterogeneous, modern society as well regional logistics are running two abreast...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414737/peer-norm-guesses-and-self-reported-attitudes-towards-performance-related-pay
#4
Nikolaos Georgantzis, Efi Vasileiou, Iordanis Kotzaivazoglou
Due to a variety of reasons, people see themselves differently from how they see others. This basic asymmetry has broad consequences. It leads people to judge themselves and their own behavior differently from how they judge others and others' behavior. This research, first, studies the perceptions and attitudes of Greek Public Sector employees towards the introduction of Performance-Related Pay (PRP) systems trying to reveal whether there is a divergence between individual attitudes and guesses on peers' attitudes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391458/the-significance-of-renewable-energy-use-for-economic-output-and-environmental-protection-evidence-from-the-next-11-developing-economies
#5
Sudharshan Reddy Paramati, Avik Sinha, Eyup Dogan
Increasing economic activities in developing economies raise demand for energy mainly sourced from conventional sources. The consumption of more conventional energy will have a significant negative impact on the environment. Therefore, attention of policy makers has recently shifted towards the promotion of renewable energy generation and uses across economic activities to ensure low carbon economy. Given the recent scenario, in this paper, we aim to examine the role of renewable energy consumption on the economic output and CO2 emissions of the next fastest developing economies of the world...
April 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373020/consumer-motivations-toward-buying-local-rice-the-case-of-northern-iranian-consumers
#6
Hassan Rahnama
This research had two purposes. The first aim was to identify Iranian and Non-Iranian rice consumers based on demographic characteristics and examine difference of these features with buying behaviors. The second purpose of study was to investigate consumer's motivation to buy local rice in Iran. The sample were 1500 people (men and women). The data was collected by using questionnaire based on a face-to-face survey. Chi-square, confirmatory factor analysis, and multiple linear regression were applied to assess collected data by a questionnaire survey...
April 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368322/are-structural-changes-in-polish-rural-areas-fostering-leisure-time-physical-activity
#7
Elżbieta Biernat, Piotr Bartkiewicz, Sonia Buchholtz
Background: In this study, we analyze the determinants of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of farmers and non-farmers living in rural areas. Methods: We use statistical analysis to describe urban and rural populations, as well as econometric techniques (Heckman regressions and propensity score matching) to assess the role of rural lifestyle in physical activity. Results: World Health Organization (WHO) pro-health PA (physical activity) recommendations are not met by 66% of farmers and 49% of other dwellers in rural areas...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365099/favorable-cardiovascular-health-is-associated-with-lower-health-care-expenditures-and-resource-utilization-in-a-large-us-employee-population-the-baptist-health-south-florida-employee-study
#8
Chukwuemeka U Osondu, Ehimen C Aneni, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Joseph A Salami, Maribeth Rouseff, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Adnan Younus, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Theodore Feldman, Arthur S Agatston, Emir Veledar, Barry Katzen, Chris Calitz, Eduardo Sanchez, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Khurram Nasir
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of favorable cardiovascular health (CVH) status with 1-year health care expenditures and resource utilization in a large health care employee population. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Employees of Baptist Health South Florida participated in a health risk assessment from January 1 through September 30, 2014. Information on dietary patterns, physical activity, blood pressure, blood glucose level, total cholesterol level, and smoking were collected...
March 13, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295862/sample-size-of-the-reference-sample-in-a-case-augmented-study
#9
Palash Ghosh, Anup Dewanji
The case-augmented study, in which a case sample is augmented with a reference (random) sample from the source population with only covariates information known, is becoming popular in different areas of applied science such as pharmacovigilance, ecology, and econometrics. In general, the case sample is available from some source (for example, hospital database, case registry, etc.); however, the reference sample is required to be drawn from the corresponding source population. The required minimum size of the reference sample is an important issue in this regard...
March 13, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293824/the-influence-of-renewable-and-non-renewable-energy-consumption-and-real-income-on-co2-emissions-in-the-usa-evidence-from-structural-break-tests
#10
Eyup Dogan, Ilhan Ozturk
The objective of this study is to explore the influence of the real income (GDP), renewable energy consumption and non-renewable energy consumption on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for the United States of America (USA) in the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) model for the period 1980-2014. The Zivot-Andrews unit root test with a structural break and the Clemente-Montanes-Reyes unit root test with a structural break report that the analyzed variables become stationary at first-differences. The Gregory-Hansen cointegration test with a structural break and the bounds testing for cointegration in the presence of a structural break show CO2 emissions, the real income, the quadratic real income, renewable and non-renewable energy consumption are cointegrated...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245877/incentives-to-change-effects-of-performance-based-financing-on-health-workers-in-zambia
#11
Gordon C Shen, Ha Thi Hong Nguyen, Ashis Das, Nkenda Sachingongu, Collins Chansa, Jumana Qamruddin, Jed Friedman
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) has been implemented in a number of countries with the aim of transforming health systems and improving maternal and child health. This paper examines the effect of PBF on health workers' job satisfaction, motivation, and attrition in Zambia. It uses a randomized intervention/control design to evaluate before-after changes for three groups: intervention (PBF) group, control 1 (C1; enhanced financing) group, and control 2 (C2; pure control) group...
February 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242766/understanding-the-models-of-community-hospital-rehabilitation-activity-mocha-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
John Gladman, John Buckell, John Young, Andrew Smith, Clare Hulme, Satti Saggu, Mary Godfrey, Pam Enderby, Elizabeth Teale, Roberto Longo, Brenda Gannon, Claire Holditch, Heather Eardley, Helen Tucker
INTRODUCTION: To understand the variation in performance between community hospitals, our objectives are: to measure the relative performance (cost efficiency) of rehabilitation services in community hospitals; to identify the characteristics of community hospital rehabilitation that optimise performance; to investigate the current impact of community hospital inpatient rehabilitation for older people on secondary care and the potential impact if community hospital rehabilitation was optimised to best practice nationally; to examine the relationship between the configuration of intermediate care and secondary care bed use; and to develop toolkits for commissioners and community hospital providers to optimise performance...
February 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242278/the-revealed-preferences-of-baltic-sea-governments-goals-policy-instruments-and-implementation-of-nutrient-abatement-measures
#13
Katarina Elofsson, Claudia von Brömssen
Nitrogen and phosphorus loads are considered a major reason for the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. Until now, most of the abatement has been made at point sources while the implementation of policies for nonpoint sources has not led to equally large reductions in emissions. The purpose of this study is to investigate the determinants of how nutrient abatement measures are implemented by countries in the agricultural sector of the Baltic Sea region. We investigate how goal setting, policy instrument choice, and the level of implementation is determined by characteristics of the abatement measure as well as socio-economic characteristics of the country where it is implemented...
February 24, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241404/hippocampal-neural-activity-reflects-the-economy-of-choices-during-goal-directed-navigation
#14
Valerie L Tryon, Marsha R Penner, Shawn W Heide, Hunter O King, Joshua Larkin, Sheri J Y Mizumori
Distinguishing spatial contexts is likely essential for the well-known role of the hippocampus in episodic memory. We studied whether types of hippocampal neural organization thought to underlie context discrimination are impacted by learned economic considerations of choice behavior. Hippocampal place cells and theta activity were recorded as rats performed a maze-based probability discounting task that involved choosing between a small certain reward or a large probabilistic reward. Different spatial distributions of place fields were observed in response to changes in probability, the outcome of the rats' choice, and whether or not rats were free to make that choice...
February 27, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239834/order-constrained-linear-optimization
#15
Joe W Tidwell, Michael R Dougherty, Jeffrey S Chrabaszcz, Rick P Thomas
Despite the fact that data and theories in the social, behavioural, and health sciences are often represented on an ordinal scale, there has been relatively little emphasis on modelling ordinal properties. The most common analytic framework used in psychological science is the general linear model, whose variants include ANOVA, MANOVA, and ordinary linear regression. While these methods are designed to provide the best fit to the metric properties of the data, they are not designed to maximally model ordinal properties...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224308/a-methodological-proposal-to-evaluate-the-cost-of-duration-moral-hazard-in-workplace-accident-insurance
#16
Ángel Martín-Román, Alfonso Moral
The cost of duration moral hazard in workplace accident insurance has been amply explored by North-American scholars. Given the current context of financial constraints in public accounts, and particularly in the Social Security system, we feel that the issue merits inquiry in the case of Spain. The present research posits a methodological proposal using the econometric technique of stochastic frontiers, which allows us to break down the duration of work-related leave into what we term "economic days" and "medical days"...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222117/two-dynamic-regimes-in-the-human-gut-microbiome
#17
Sean M Gibbons, Sean M Kearney, Chris S Smillie, Eric J Alm
The gut microbiome is a dynamic system that changes with host development, health, behavior, diet, and microbe-microbe interactions. Prior work on gut microbial time series has largely focused on autoregressive models (e.g. Lotka-Volterra). However, we show that most of the variance in microbial time series is non-autoregressive. In addition, we show how community state-clustering is flawed when it comes to characterizing within-host dynamics and that more continuous methods are required. Most organisms exhibited stable, mean-reverting behavior suggestive of fixed carrying capacities and abundant taxa were largely shared across individuals...
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220072/commentary-do-health-care-workforce-population-and-service-provision-significantly-contribute-to-the-total-health-expenditure-an-econometric-analysis-of-serbia
#18
COMMENT
Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Mirjana Varjacic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218793/effectiveness-of-conservation-easements-in-agricultural-regions
#19
Mark Braza
Conservation easements are a standard technique for preventing habitat loss, particularly in agricultural regions with extensive cropland cultivation, yet little is known about their effectiveness. I developed a spatial econometric approach to propensity-score matching (PSM) and used the approach to estimate the amount of habitat loss prevented by a grassland conservation easement program of the U.S. federal government. I used a spatial autoregressive probit model to predict tract enrollment in the easement program as of 2001 based on tract agricultural suitability, habitat quality, and spatial interactions among neighboring tracts...
February 20, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214425/favorable-cardiovascular-risk-factor-profile-is-associated-with-lower-healthcare-expenditure-and-resource-utilization-among-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-free-of-established-cardiovascular-disease-2012-medical-expenditure-panel-survey-meps
#20
David I Feldman, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Joseph A Salami, Jamal S Rana, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Chukwuemeka U Osondu, Erica S Spatz, Salim S Virani, Ron Blankstein, Michael J Blaha, Emir Veledar, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the prevalence and economic burden of diabetes mellitus (DM), we studied the impact of a favorable cardiovascular risk factor (CRF) profile on healthcare expenditures and resource utilization among individuals without cardiovascular disease (CVD), by DM status. METHODS: 25,317 participants were categorized into 3 mutually-exclusive strata: "Poor", "Average" and "Optimal" CRF profiles (≥4, 2-3, 0-1 CRF, respectively). Two-part econometric models were utilized to study cost data...
March 2017: Atherosclerosis
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