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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927228/management-of-chronic-pain-through-pain-management-programmes
#1
I R Wilson
Introduction: Chronic pain carries significant impact and is difficult to treat with limited success. Pain management programmes (PMPs) use cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitative approaches to drive functional improvement. Sources of data: A search was conducted using Medline and the Cochrane Library to identify published literature about PMPs or CBT to treat chronic pain. Areas of agreement: PMPs have significant benefit on functioning for some patients but relatively little impact on the pain...
September 13, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926966/augmented-renal-clearance-in-critical-illness-an-important-consideration-in-drug-dosing
#2
REVIEW
Sherif Hanafy Mahmoud, Chen Shen
Augmented renal clearance (ARC) is a manifestation of enhanced renal function seen in critically ill patients. The use of regular unadjusted doses of renally eliminated drugs in patients with ARC might lead to therapy failure. The purpose of this scoping review was to provide and up-to-date summary of the available evidence pertaining to the phenomenon of ARC. A literature search of databases of available evidence in humans, with no language restriction, was conducted. Databases searched were MEDLINE (1946 to April 2017), EMBASE (1974 to April 2017) and the Cochrane Library (1999 to April 2017)...
September 16, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926879/-systematic-evaluation-on-effectiveness-and-safety-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-in-treating-adult-patients-with-severe-burn
#3
F Y Tian, B Wu, T Xu, X H Jiang
Objective: To systcmatically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in treating adults with severe burn. Methods: Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched using key words " burns, thermal, human growth hormone, growth hormone, hGH, and somatropin (human)" , and China Biology Medicine disc, Chinese Journals Full-text Database, VIP Database, and Wanfang Database were searched using key words in Chinese version "," to obtain the randomized controlled trials about rhGH in the treatment of adults with severe burn from the establishment of each database to December 2016...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926725/association-between-x-ray-repair-cross-complementing-group-1-xrcc1-arg399gln-polymorphism-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Mo-Qi Lv, Jin Wang, Xiao-Qing Yu, Hui-Hui Hong, Wen-Juan Ren, Pang Ge, Dang-Xia Zhou
OBJECTIVE(S): X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1(XRCC1) gene is one of the DNA repair pathway genes playing a vital role in endometriosis risk. Various studies have explored the association between them, however, the results remained inconsistent. So to confirm the association between XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism and the risk of endometriosis, a meta-analysis was conducted. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, Web of Science, Science Director, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Data databases were searched to identify the all relevant studies before Sep...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926573/self-monitoring-of-blood-pressure-in-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#5
Katherine L Tucker, James P Sheppard, Richard Stevens, Hayden B Bosworth, Alfred Bove, Emma P Bray, Kenneth Earle, Johnson George, Marshall Godwin, Beverly B Green, Paul Hebert, F D Richard Hobbs, Ilkka Kantola, Sally M Kerry, Alfonso Leiva, David J Magid, Jonathan Mant, Karen L Margolis, Brian McKinstry, Mary Ann McLaughlin, Stefano Omboni, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Gianfranco Parati, Nashat Qamar, Bahman P Tabaei, Juha Varis, Willem J Verberk, Bonnie J Wakefield, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) appears to reduce BP in hypertension but important questions remain regarding effective implementation and which groups may benefit most. This individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis was performed to better understand the effectiveness of BP self-monitoring to lower BP and control hypertension. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomised trials comparing self-monitoring to no self-monitoring in hypertensive patients (June 2016)...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926467/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-novel-interleukin-inhibitors-in-the-management-of-psoriatic-arthritis
#6
Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Mazen Elyan, Dominick Sudano, Muhammad Asim Khan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systemically review the efficacy and safety of inhibitors of interleukin 6 (IL-6): clazakizumab, IL-12/23: ustekinumab, and IL-17A: secukinumab, brodalumab, and ixekizumab in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: The literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science. We included randomized controlled trials that assessed the efficacy of IL inhibitors and reported American College of Rheumatology 20 response at 24 weeks...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925169/-systematic-review-on-safety-of-salvianolate-injection
#7
Zhi-Wei Chen, Yan-Ming Xie, Xing Liao, Gui-Qian Wang
To systematically evaluate the safety of salvianolate injection in clinical medication. A systematic literature search was performed in the databases of Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, the Web of Science, Clinical Trials, CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data and CBM. Literature screening was done according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and quality was assessed according to internationally recognized quality evaluation criteria. Then the data were reviewed for analysis. 148 papers were included, consisting of 122 randomized controlled trials(RCTs), 10 non-randomized controlled trials(NRCTs), 4 case series studies, and 12 case reports...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925168/-meta-analysis-of-supplemented-zhenwu-decoction-for-treating-congestive-heart-failure
#8
Yuan-Ping Wang, Jie Xiong, Xia Yan, Xiao-Hui Li, Zi-Qing Luo
The paper was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of supplemented Zhenwu decoction for treating congestive heart-failure. Three foreign language databases including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase and four Chinese databases including CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Database were retrieved from their establishment to July 2016 for all randomized control trials(RCTs) on supplemented Zhenwu decoction in treatment of congestive heart-failure. The references in the included RCTs were also traced. Literature selection and information extraction was completed and screened by two independent reviewers, and Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925105/childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
R An, H Yan, X Shi, Y Yang
Regular school attendance is a key determinant of student's academic achievement and psychosocial development. Obesity may affect children's school attendance through its detrimental impact on their physical and mental health. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published until April 2017 that examined the relationship between unhealthy body weight and school absenteeism among children and adolescents. Thirteen studies total (10 cross-sectional and three longitudinal) conducted in seven countries were identified...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924970/prognostic-significance-of-ptk7-in-human-malignancies
#10
Gang Chen, Shengcai Qi, Xi Yang, Wantao Chen
BACKGROUND: Protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7) is a member of receptor protein tyrosine kinase-like molecules, which is involved in tumorigenesis. However, the association between PTK7 expression and its pathological significance in survival prognosis remains under investigation. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to clarify the prognostic value of PTK7 expression in human malignancies. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in databases of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library...
September 19, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924879/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-timing-and-outcome-of-intestinal-failure-surgery-in-patients-with-enteric-fistula
#11
Fleur E E de Vries, Jasper J Atema, Oddeke van Ruler, Carolynne J Vaizey, Mireille J Serlie, Marja A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: The timing of intestinal failure (IF) surgery has changed. Most specialized centers now recommend postponing reconstructive surgery for enteric fistula and emphasize that abdominal sepsis has to be resolved and the patient's condition improved. Our aim was to study the outcome of postponed surgery, to identify risk factors for recurrence and mortality, and to define more precisely the optimal timing of reconstructive surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically reviewed on the outcomes of reconstructive IF surgery (fistula recurrence, mortality, morbidity, hernia recurrence, total closure, enteral autonomy)...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924285/chemoprevention-of-oral-cancer-in-leukoplakia-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ayesha Xie, Jinzhong Liu
The systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to review the effectiveness of current chemopreventive agents in the treatment of oral leukoplakia lesions (OPLs) and prevention of their progression to oral cancer. Material was identified through a retrospective literature search of the electronic PubMed database, Embase and Cochrane Library between 2008 and 2016.Eight RCTs were included for systematic review. The pooled estimate showed a 14% greater chance of responding for those randomised to interventions compared with placebo (Risk Ratio [RR] 1...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923499/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-safety-and-outcomes-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#13
Sophie X Deng, W Barry Lee, Kristin M Hammersmith, Anthony N Kuo, Jennifer Y Li, Joanne F Shen, Mitchell P Weikert, Roni M Shtein
PURPOSE: To review the published literature on the safety and outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for the surgical treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Literature searches were last conducted in the PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases most recently in May 2017. The searches, which were limited to English-language abstracts, yielded 1085 articles. The panel reviewed the abstracts, and 47 were determined to be relevant to this assessment...
September 15, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923395/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-surgery-in-left-main-stenosis-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Safi U Khan, Hammad Rahman, Adeel Arshad, Muhammad U Khan, Manidhar Lekkala, Tsujung Yang, Abhishek Mishra, Edo Kaluski
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery for left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. METHODS: Six randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were reviewed by searching PubMed/Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library. Estimates were pooled according to random effects model. Binary outcomes were reported as risk ratio (RR) and continuous outcomes were reported as mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
August 25, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923307/association-between-opioid-use-and-risk-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Shankun Zhao, Tuo Deng, Lianmin Luo, Jiamin Wang, Ermao Li, Luhao Liu, Futian Li, Jintai Luo, Zhigang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Opioid analgesics have been widely used to relieve chronic pain conditions; however, a connection between opioid analgesic administration and increased susceptibility to erectile dysfunction (ED) has been hypothesized. AIM: To evaluate whether opioid use was a risk factor for ED in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched to identify eligible studies concerning opioid use and risk of ED from inception to April 2017...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922653/is-willems-method-universal-for-age-estimation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jian Wang, Fang Ji, Yue Zhai, Hyun Park, Jiang Tao
Dental age (DA) has been widely accepted as a way to evaluate chronological age (CA) in recent years. However, the applicability of Willems method, as one of the most popular radiographic ways, still remains controversial in different areas. The aim of this study is to assess the difference between DA and CA with Willems method. Relevant studies published up to February 28th, 2017 were selected via PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM and manual search. Studies that examined Willems dental age and chronological age were selected...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921837/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-non-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Yushu Wang, Meiqin Wen, Junteng Zhou, Yucheng Chen, Qing Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes and prognosis of revascularization by either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-insulin treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (NITDM) have not yet been well established. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searching Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane library from inception until May 2016. Heterogeneity was evaluated and the pooled hazard ratio (HR) was calculated using a fixed-effect model...
September 15, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921739/a-rapid-review-of-needs-assessment-tools-for-post-treatment-cancer-survivors
#18
REVIEW
M Jiao, A E Hall, L Nolte, A Piper, K Lisy, M Jefford
Relevant, comprehensive and psychometrically rigorous needs assessment tools are needed to ensure appropriate care is delivered to cancer survivors who have completed treatment. The aim of this rapid review was to identify and describe needs assessment tools that are used in cancer survivors post-treatment, assess their psychometric properties and describe their use in clinical care. The electronic databases Medline, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched. Six studies were identified that described five needs assessment tools used in cancer survivors post-treatment...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921612/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-the-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-anxiety-in-pregnant-women
#19
REVIEW
Kerry Evans, C Jane Morrell, Helen Spiby
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for pregnant women with symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety. BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women experience mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and could benefit from additional support. Non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested for use during pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials published since 1990, identified from electronic databases: Medline; CINAHL; Maternity and Infant Care; PsycINFO; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CENTRAL; EMBASE; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination; Social Sciences Citation Index; ASSIA; HTA Library; Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice database; Allied and Complementary Medicine...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921161/deep-brain-stimulation-for-refractory-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-an-emphasis-on-alleviation-of-seizure-frequency-outcome
#20
Bowen Chang, Jiwen Xu
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting conclusions have been reported regarding predictors of deep brain stimulation (DBS) outcome in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The main goal of this meta-analysis study was to identify possible predictors of remarkable seizure reduction (RSR). METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of English-language literature published since 1990 and indexed in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library that addressed seizure outcomes in patients who underwent DBS for refractory TLE...
September 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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