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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535561/effectiveness-of-lateral-decubitus-position-for-preventing-post-dural-puncture-headache-a-meta-analysis
#1
Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Jeetinder Kaur Makkar
BACKGROUND: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is a relatively common complication of lumbar punctures for spinal anesthesia or neurologic diagnosis. For many years, a high number of drugs has been evaluated to treat PDPH, yet there is a minority to prevent this complication. The lateral decubitus position instead of sitting position during lumbar puncture has become an interesting approach because of its feasibility and patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: In this meta-analysis we hypothesized that lateral decubitus position is an effective manner to prophylactically reduce the incidence of PDPH...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535554/anesthetic-considerations-and-perioperative-management-of-spinal-cord-stimulators-literature-review-and-initial-recommendations
#2
Michael E Harned, Brandon Gish, Allison Zuelzer, Jay S Grider
BACKGROUND: Patients with implanted spinal cord stimulators (SCS) present to the anesthesia care team for management at many different points along the care continuum. Currently, the literature is sparse on the perioperative management. What is available is confusing; monopolar electrocautery is contraindicated but often used, full body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is safe with particular systems but with other manufactures only head and specific extremities exams are safe. Moreover, there are anesthetizing locations outside of the operating room where implanted SCS can interact with surrounding medical equipment and pose significant risk to patient and device...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535547/the-effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-for-relieving-pain-stiffness-and-dysfunction-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Qinguang Xu, Bei Chen, Yueyi Wang, Xuezong Wang, Dapeng Han, Daofang Ding, Yuxin Zheng, Yuelong Cao, Hongsheng Zhan, Yao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common form of arthritis, leading to pain disability in seniors and increased health care utilization. Manual therapy is one widely used physical treatment for KOA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events (AEs) of manual therapy compared to other treatments for relieving pain, stiffness, and physical dysfunction in patients with KOA. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of manual therapy for KOA...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535332/interventions-for-treating-anxiety-after-stroke
#4
REVIEW
Peter Knapp, C Alexia Campbell Burton, John Holmes, Jenni Murray, David Gillespie, C Elizabeth Lightbody, Caroline L Watkins, Ho-Yan Y Chun, Sharon R Lewis
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of stroke patients experience clinically significant levels of anxiety at some point after stroke. Physicians can treat these patients with antidepressants or other anxiety-reducing drugs, or both, or they can provide psychological therapy. This review looks at available evidence for these interventions. This is an update of the review first published in October 2011. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of pharmaceutical, psychological, complementary, or alternative therapeutic interventions in treating stroke patients with anxiety disorders or symptoms...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535285/delayed-hospital-discharges-of-older-patients-a-systematic-review-on-prevalence-and-costs
#5
Filipa Landeiro, Kenny Roberts, Alastair Mcintosh Gray, José Leal
Purpose of the Study: To determine the prevalence of delayed discharges of elderly inpatients and associated costs. Design and Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, Global Health, CAB Abstracts, Econlit, Web of Knowledge, EBSCO - CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium, and SCIE - Social Care Online for evidence published between 1990 and 2015 on number of days or proportion of delayed discharges for elderly inpatients in acute hospitals...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534686/hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-and-vestibular-dysfunction
#6
Giuseppe Chiarella, Diego Russo, Fabio Monzani, Claudio Petrolo, Bruno Fattori, Giuseppe Pasqualetti, Ettore Cassandro, Giuseppe Costante
The aim of this review was to analyze the existing literature concerning the relationship between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and vestibular dysfunction. METHODS: We used electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library) to search and collect all published articles about association between HT and vestibular disorders. RESULTS: Several observational and retrospective studies have postulated a relationship of thyroid autoimmunity and vestibular disorders. In most cases, an appropriate control group was lacking and the impact of thyroid functional status could not precisely be established...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534012/association-of-isolated-single-umbilical-artery-with-perinatal-outcomes-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Hyeong Ju Kim, Jae-Hoon Kim, Doo Byung Chay, Joo Hyun Park, Min-A Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prenatally diagnosed isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed from inception to January 2016, with no language or regional restrictions, for cohort and case-control studies reporting on the relationship of iSUA and perinatal outcomes. We assessed the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the occurrence of small for gestational age, preterm birth, pregnancy-induced hypertension, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and perinatal mortality in fetuses with iSUA compared with those in fetuses with three vessel cord...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532896/healing-of-fracture-nonunions-treated-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Ross Leighton, J Tracy Watson, Peter Giannoudis, Costas Papakostidis, Andrew Harrison, R Grant Steen
INTRODUCTION: Bone fractures fail to heal and form nonunions in roughly 5% of cases, with little expectation of spontaneous healing thereafter. We present a systematic review and meta-analysis of published papers that describe nonunions treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). METHODS: Articles in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched, using an approach recommended by the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS), with a Level of Evidence rating by two reviewers independently...
May 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532886/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-physical-function-and-well-being-among-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
Klaudia J Ćwiękała-Lewis, Matthew Gallek, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
Current medical treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD) are mainly palliative, though research indicates Tai Chi exercise improves physical function and well-being. An electronic database search of PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and Embase was conducted, to examine current scientific literature for potential benefits of Tai Chi on physical function and well-being among persons with PD. A total of 11 studies met the inclusion criteria: 7 randomized clinical trials and 4 quasi-experimental studies...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532884/the-role-of-scapular-kinematics-in-patients-with-different-shoulder-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-approach
#10
REVIEW
Roshanak Keshavarz, Siamak Bashardoust Tajali, Seyed Mohsen Mir, H Ashrafi
This study aimed to identify the role of the scapula in shoulder musculoskeletal disorders (SMDs) and provided a systematic review of available studies in the field of scapular three-dimensional kinematics. We systematically searched 5 international databases, including Scopus, EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, and Cochrane Library from June to September 2015. Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria and were retrieved in full paper. The selected studies were critically appraised independently by two researchers...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532570/does-3-dimensional-imaging-of-the%C3%A2-third-molar-reduce-the-risk-of-experiencing-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-owing-to-extraction-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Adrià Clé-Ovejero, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Clinicians generally use panoramic radiographic (PR) images to assess the proximity of the mandibular third molar to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). However, in cases in which a patient needs to undergo a third-molar extraction, many clinicians also assess computed tomographic (CT) images to prevent nerve damage. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: Two of the authors independently searched MEDLINE (through PubMed), Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Ovid. The authors included randomized or nonrandomized longitudinal studies whose investigators had compared the number of IAN injuries after third-molar extraction in patients who had undergone preoperative CT with patients who had undergone only PR...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532183/treatment-options-and-considerations-for-hypertensive-patients-to-prevent-dementia
#12
Intza Hernandorena, Emmanuelle Duron, Jean Sebastien Vidal, Olivier Hanon
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a worldwide health concern, which leads to loss of autonomy. To date no curative treatment is available so focus on modifiable risk factors is of particular interest. Hypertension, particularly midlife high blood pressure, has been associated with an increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia including vascular dementia (Vad) and Alzheimer Disease (AD). In this context, antihypertensive treatments might have a preventive effect. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between antihypertensive therapy and cognitive decline or dementia...
May 23, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531913/methods-of-isolation-and-characterization-of-stem-cells-from-different-regions-of-oral-cavity-using-markers-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Kavarthapu Avinash, Sankari Malaippan, Jayakumar Nadathur Dooraiswamy
Background: Periodontitis is a destructive inflammatory disorder of the periodontium caused by the destruction of periodontal tissues namely the PDL, cementum, alveolar bone, and gingiva. Once these tissues are lost, the foremost goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate the diseased tissues if possible to their original form, architecture, and function. Various regenerative procedures were employed and still a gap was found in achieving the goal. As stem cells are characterized by their ability to self-renew and differentiate to produce specialized cells, there could be a possibility of using them for regenerative therapy...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531181/weekly-versus-biweekly-bortezomib-given-in-patients-with-indolent-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-meta-analysis
#14
Ting Yuan, Feng Zhang, Qing-Min Yao, Yan-Xia Liu, Xiao-Juan Zhu, Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Bortezomib is recently studied as a novel agent in indolent lymphoma. The optimal schedule of bortezomib used in indolent lymphoma is still uncertain. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of the clinical trials comparing the efficacy and toxicity of the weekly and biweekly schedules of bortezomib in patients with indolent lymphoma. We searched Pubmed, Cochrane Library and Emabase from inception to July 29, 2016. The primary outcome was the overall response rate including the complete response rate and the partial response rate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#15
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529738/therapeutic-benefits-of-glutamine-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#16
Marc P McRae
Glutamine may be an essential amino acid in patients with catabolic disease, as it has been demonstrated that circulating glutamine levels drop during critical illness and following major surgery; this may result in an increase in secondary infection risk, recovery time and mortality rates. However, there is much discrepancy in the literature with regards to randomized controlled studies, and therefore, the present study is an umbrella review of published meta-analyses, conducted to examine the effectiveness of glutamine's role as a therapeutic agent...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528878/occupational-prognosis-factors-for-ulnar-nerve-entrapment-at-the-elbow-a-systematic-review
#18
M Fadel, R Lancigu, G Raimbeau, Y Roquelaure, A Descatha
Although ulnar nerve entrapment is the second most common entrapment neuropathy, there is a dearth of studies identifying occupational prognosis factors. We carried out a systematic review of the occupational prognosis factors for ulnar nerve entrapment in order to identify professions at risks and allow better follow-up for their workers. Using the key words, "ulnar OR cubital", "neuropathy OR tunnel", and "work OR occupational" without limitations, original prospective studies were selected from four databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library) after two rounds (valid design, valid prognosis outcome reported, valid work exposure)...
May 18, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528678/the-effect-of-structured-patient-education-on-physical-activity-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-intermittent-claudication-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
U O Abaraogu, P M Dall, C A Seenan
OBJECTIVES: The aim was review the components and effects of patient education interventions to improve physical activity (PA) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC), and patients' experiences of these interventions. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Ovid, ProQuest, AMED, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science Core Collection, and PEDRO, and Trial registers and directory of Open Access repository websites and Web of science conference proceedings were searched...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528591/conversion-ratios-of-n-3-fatty-acids-between-plasma-and-erythrocytes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#20
Xue Feng Hu, Simran K Sandhu, William S Harris, Hing Man Chan
As biomarkers of dietary intake or disease risk factor, n-3 fatty acid (FA) can be measured in plasma phospholipids (PL), total lipids (TL) or erythrocytes. However, the numeric relationships between n-3 FA in these lipid pools are not clear. Our goal was to derive conversion ratios for plasma and erythrocyte n-3 FA. Potential studies were identified through systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library of Systematic reviews (1950 to October 2014). In all, fifty-six studies reporting n-3 in healthy individuals were included, of which thirty-four articles reported plasma PL and erythrocytes, and twenty-two reported plasma TL and erythrocytes...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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