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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641353/-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-randomised-controlled-trials-from-2000-to-2015
#1
Frank Peinemann
Background Negative pressure wound therapy is believed to promote wound healing. However, the results from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are inconsistent. Systematic reviews indicate unclear evidence, due in part to low-quality RCTs, calling for more RCTs of higher quality. Methods This study aimed to ascertain the number of RCTs as well as systematic reviews on RCTs published during the time period from 2000 to 2015. Various search strategies were used to identify studies in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google, references lists of retrieved articles, and institutions that issue evidence reports...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641155/depression-and-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Y Jia, F Li, Y F Liu, J P Zhao, M M Leng, L Chen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between depression and incident cancer risk. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PubMed databases were searched to identify studies. The quality of included studies was assessed using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale. Risk ratios (RRs) were used to measure effect size. A random-effects model was applied to synthesize the associations between depression and cancer risk...
June 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641068/centric-relation-intercuspal-position-discrepancy-and-its-relationship-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
Antonio Jiménez-Silva, Julio Tobar-Reyes, Sheilah Vivanco-Coke, Eduardo Pastén-Castro, Hernán Palomino-Montenegro
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between centric relation-intercuspal position discrepancy (CR-ICP discrepancy) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), by systematically reviewing the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic research was performed between 1960 and 2016 based on electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Scopus, EBSCOhost, BIREME, Lilacs and Scielo, including all languages. Analytical observational clinical studies were identified...
June 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641044/the-effects-of-short-versus-long-inter-set-rest-intervals-in-resistance-training-on-measures-of-muscle-hypertrophy-a-systematic-review
#4
Jozo Grgic, Bruno Lazinica, Pavle Mikulic, James W Krieger, Brad Jon Schoenfeld
Although the effects of short versus long inter-set rest intervals in resistance training on measures of muscle hypertrophy have been investigated in several studies, the findings are equivocal and the practical implications remain unclear. In an attempt to provide clarity on the topic, we performed a systematic literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) electronic databases. Six studies were found to have met the inclusion criteria: (a) an experimental trial published in an English-language peer-reviewed journal; (b) the study compared the use of short (≤60 s) to long (>60 s) inter-set rest intervals in a traditional dynamic resistance exercise using both concentric and eccentric muscle actions, with the only difference in resistance training among groups being the inter-set rest interval duration; (c) at least one method of measuring changes in muscle mass was used in the study; (d) the study lasted for a minimum of four weeks, employed a training frequency of ≥2 resistance training days per week, and (e) used human participants without known chronic disease or injury...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640930/orotracheal-intubation-in-infants-performed-with-a-stylet-versus-without-a-stylet
#5
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jennifer O'Gorman, Aakriti Gupta, Sanjay Sinhal, Jann P Foster, Liam Af O'Connell, C Omar F Kamlin, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Neonatal endotracheal intubation is a common and potentially life-saving intervention. It is a mandatory skill for neonatal trainees, but one that is difficult to master and maintain. Intubation opportunities for trainees are decreasing and success rates are subsequently falling. Use of a stylet may aid intubation and improve success. However, the potential for associated harm must be considered. OBJECTIVES: To compare the benefits and harms of neonatal orotracheal intubation with a stylet versus neonatal orotracheal intubation without a stylet...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640907/accelerometer-measured-levels-of-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Rabha Elmesmari, John J Reilly, Anne Martin, James Y Paton
CONTEXT: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) are important for child and adolescent health. OBJECTIVE: To examine habitual levels of accelerometer measured MVPA and ST in children and adolescents with chronic disease, and how these levels compare with healthy peers. METHODS: Data sources: An extensive search was carried out in Medline, Cochrane library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from 2000-2017. Study selection: Studies with accelerometer-measured MVPA and/or ST (at least 3 days and 6 hours/day to provide estimates of habitual levels) in children 0-19 years of age with chronic diseases but without co-morbidities that would present major impediments to physical activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636978/psychiatric-comorbidity-with-hypothalamic-hamartoma-systematic-review-for-predictive-clinical-features
#7
REVIEW
Zachary Killeen, Raymond Bunch, John F Kerrigan
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review of the English-language literature to identify clinical features associated with a higher risk of psychiatric symptoms (aggression and rage behaviors) in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) and epilepsy. METHODS: Two publicly-accessible databases (PubMed and Cochrane Library) were searched for Hypothalamic Hamartoma AND Epilepsy. We identified peer-reviewed original research publications (case reports or clinical series; N=19) in which clinical data was provided on an individual basis...
June 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636429/autograft-versus-allograft-for-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
John W Belk, Matthew J Kraeutler, Justin M Purcell, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated a higher risk of graft failure after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with allograft, but limited data are available comparing outcomes of posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (PCLR) with autograft versus allograft. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of autograft versus allograft for primary PCLR. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE to locate studies (level of evidence I-III) comparing clinical outcomes of autograft versus allograft in patients undergoing primary PCLR with the conventional transtibial technique...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#9
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635977/chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-assessment-tools-a-systematic-review
#10
Haryani Haryani, Susan Jane Fetzer, Ching-Lin Wu, Yu-Yun Hsu
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a dose-limiting chemotherapy toxicity, which has a long-lasting effect and decreases quality of life. Although several tools have been developed to detect CIPN, the study quality, psychometric properties, and practicality of CIPN assessment tools have not been systematically reviewed.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic searches using keywords were conducted in Medline, PubMed, CINAHL®, and Cochrane Library for articles published from 1980-2015...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635682/relationship-between-human-mutl-homolog-1-hmlh1-hypermethylation-and-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#11
Hui-Feng Zhang, You-Wang Lu, Zhen-Rong Xie, Kun-Hua Wang
BACKGROUND Hypermethylation of CpG islands in gene promoter regions is an important mechanism of gene inactivation in cancers. Promoter hypermethylation of human mutL homolog 1 (hMLH1) has been implicated in a subset of colorectal cancers that show microsatellite instability (MSI), while the connection of the epigenetic inactivation of hMLH1 in colorectal cancers remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the promoter hypermethylation of hMLH1 and colorectal cancers by performing a meta-analysis...
June 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635309/rheumatoid-arthritis-is-associated-with-negatively-variable-impacts-on-domains-of-female-sexual-function-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Qiuxiang Zhang, Congcong Zhou, Haoyang Chen, Qian Zhao, Lin Li, Yafei Cui, Biyu Shen
To systematically review the literature to identify the impact of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on specific female sexual function domains. A meta-analysis was performed and the related literature were searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM and Web of Science databases, and in reference lists of articles and systematic reviews. Score of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used as the outcome measurement, and mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Five studies were included, including 346 women with RA and 237 healthy female controls...
June 21, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635303/increased-pulse-wave-velocity-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-meta-analysis
#13
Peng Wang, Yan-Mei Mao, Chan-Na Zhao, Li-Na Liu, Xiao-Mei Li, Xiang-Pei Li, Hai-Feng Pan
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This study aims to derive a more precise estimation on pulse wave velocity (PWV) level in patients with SLE and related factors. A literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library databases, studies published up to February 28, 2017, in English. Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by fixed-effect or random-effect model analysis. Heterogeneity test was performed by the Q statistic and quantified using I(2); publication bias was evaluated using a funnel plot and Egger's linear regression test...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634878/can-music-based-movement-therapy-improve-motor-dysfunction-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Shuai Zhang, Dong Liu, Dan Ye, Haiyu Li, Feng Chen
This study aimed to quantify whether there is association between music-based movement therapy and motor dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease, and, if so, whether music-based movement therapy can be used as first-line non-pharmacological treatment. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials that examined the effect of music-based movement therapy on patient-relevant and disease-specific outcomes. Comprehensive literature was searched of PubMed, EMbase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to November 2016...
June 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634842/evaluation-of-open-and-minimally-invasive-adrenalectomy-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#15
Patrick Heger, Pascal Probst, Felix J Hüttner, Käthe Gooßen, Tanja Proctor, Beat P Müller-Stich, Oliver Strobel, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
BACKGROUND: Adrenalectomy can be performed via open and various minimally invasive approaches. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the current evidence on surgical techniques of adrenalectomy. METHODS: Systematic literature searches (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library) were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) comparing at least two surgical procedures for adrenalectomy. Statistical analyses were performed, and meta-analyses were conducted...
June 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634771/off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#16
Yushu Wang, Sui Zhu, Peijuan Gao, Juteng Zhou, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have worse adverse cardiovascular outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the adverse cardiovascular outcomes between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCAB) in these patients have been a subject of debate. METHODS: We undertook a comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database to identify all relevant studies comparing techniques between OPCAB and ONCAB in CKD patients...
June 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633866/tea-consumption-may-decrease-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#17
REVIEW
Ming Guo, Hua Qu, Lin Xu, Da-Zhuo Shi
Several epidemiological investigations have evaluated the correlation between tea consumption and risk of osteoporosis, but the results are inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted an updated meta-analysis of observational studies to assess this association. We searched for all relevant studies including cohort, cross-sectional, and case-control studies published from database inception to July 15, 2016, using MEDLINE EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. Polled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using the random-effect model...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633088/second-line-with-oxaliplatin-or-irinotecan-based-chemotherapy-for-gemcitabine-pretreated-pancreatic-cancer-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Fausto Petrelli, Alessandro Inno, Antonio Ghidini, Lorenza Rimassa, Gianluca Tomasello, Roberto Labianca, Sandro Barni
BACKGROUND: oxaliplatin (OXA)- and irinotecan (IRI)-based chemotherapies are the most frequently used salvage regimens in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC) after first-line gemcitabine-based therapy. There are no prospective comparisons of these regimens in this setting. We conducted a systematic review of published trials to compare the efficacy of these treatments. METHODS: studies that enrolled patients with stage IV disease receiving chemotherapy with OXA or IRI plus fluoropyrimidines were identified using electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, SCOPUS, CINAHL, Web of Science and Cochrane Library)...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632926/meta-analysis-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-minimally-invasive-versus-open-oesophagectomy-for-oesophageal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
J H Kauppila, S Xie, A Johar, S R Markar, P Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes between minimally invasive and open oesophagectomy for cancer at different postoperative time points. METHODS: A search of PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library was performed for studies that compared open with minimally invasive oesophagectomy. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for studies that measured HRQoL scores using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OES18 questionnaires...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632257/modeling-of-crestal-bone-after-submerged-vs-transmucosal-implant-placement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#20
Stefan Paul, Matthias Petsch, Ulrike Held
PURPOSE: To determine differences in marginal bone changes when using submerged or transmucosal dental implants through a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were electronically searched for trials comparing marginal bone loss between submerged and transmucosal dental implants with a minimum follow-up of 12 months published between January 1980 and January 2016. Manual searches of the bibliographies of the included studies were also carried out...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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