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F Xu, J Yang, B Meng, J W Zheng, Q Liao, J P Chen, X W Chen
Objective: To explore the effect of berberine on chronic inflammatory pain and the comorbid depression and the associated mechanisms. Methods: Forty healthy male ICR mice (2 months, 25-30 g) were used in the present study. The chronic inflammatory pain was induced by intraplantar injection of complete freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the hind paws. All animals were divided into 4 groups ( n =10 for each group) according to random number table: the saline group (group A), the chronic pain group (group B), the saline+ berberine group (group C) and the chronic pain+ berberine group (group D)...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Zhao Yin, Juhua Yang, Rong Ning, Yanjun Liu, Maoxiao Feng, Chunmin Gu, Jia Fei, Yumin Li
BACKGROUND: Berberine downregulated miR-19a/92a cluster expression in multiple myeloma (MM) cells. METHODS: The cell viability of MM cells after berberine treatment was measured by CCK8 assay. qRT-PCR assay validated miR-19a/92a expression in multiple myeloma cells. TAM database analyzed miR-19a/92a-associated disease. miREnvironment database revealed that effects of environmental factors on the miR-19a/92a cluster. By targeting the seed region in the miRNA, the role of t-anti-miR-19a/92a cluster was evaluated by cell proliferation, migration, and colony formation...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Yuanbang Lin, Mingwei Sheng, Yijie Ding, Nan Zhang, Yayue Song, Hongyin Du, Ning Lu, Wenli Yu
Berberine (BBR) has been demonstrated to protect against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is largely unknown. In the present study, we examined the role of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1)/p53 in the protective effect of BBR on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction in rat renal tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E cells). NRK-52E cells were preconditioned with small interfering RNA targeting Sirt1 (Sirt1-siRNA) and BBR before subjected to H/R...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Juan Wu, Jingya Li, Wei Li, Bei Sun, Jin Xie, Wenming Cheng, Qunlin Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sanmiao Wan (SMW) has been a basic prescription employed for the treatment for gout in the clinic since Yuan dynasty. Achyranthis bidentatae radix (ABR) is designed as a lower-guiding drug in SMW to augment the articular accumulation of active ingredients and improve the anti-inflammatory effect. AIM OF THE STUDY: Present study was undertaken to investigate the dose-response relationship of berberine in SMW between the articular concentration and anti-inflammatory effect in the knee joint under the lower-guiding of ABR...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Cai-Feng Ding, Hong-Xia Ma, Jing Yang, Xu-Jie Qin, Guy S S Njateng, Hao-Fei Yu, Xin Wei, Ya-Ping Liu, Wan-Yi Huang, Zi-Feng Yang, Xin-Hua Wang, Xiao-Dong Luo
Voacafricines A and B, two unique monoterpenoid indole alkaloids each bearing five fused heterocycles, were obtained from the fruits of Voacanga africana. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and computational studies. A plausible biogenetic pathway was proposed from a common precursor, 19- epi-voacristine. Both compounds exhibited potent activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi, and their activities were superior to those of the well-known antibacterial drugs berberine and fibrauretine...
April 20, 2018: Organic Letters
Dahua Fan, Liping Liu, Zhengzhi Wu, Meiqun Cao
Neurodegenerative diseases are among the most serious health problems affecting millions of people worldwide. Such diseases are characterized by a progressive degeneration and / or death of neurons in the central nervous system. Currently, there are no therapeutic approaches to cure or even halt the progression of neurodegenerative diseases. During the last two decades, much attention has been paid to the neuroprotective and anti-neurodegenerative activities of compounds isolated from natural products with high efficacy and low toxicity...
April 19, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
Shu-Hui Wang, Zhe Deng, Jun Zhang, Meng-Jiao Jiao, Guo-Yuan Zhang, Jia Shi, Jin-Tang Cheng, An Liu
To prepare standard decoction of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex pieces, establish quality standards, and provide reference for evaluating the quality of formula granule of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex. 15 batches Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex pieces in different levels of quality were collected from market. The standard extraction process was used to prepare the standard decoction, and then the transfer rate of the index components berberine and phellodendrine was calculated to measure dry extraction ratio and pH value...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Naohiro Oshima, Tomofumi Shimizu, Yuji Narukawa, Noriyasu Hada, Fumiyuki Kiuchi
Orengedokuto is a Kampo formula that has been used for removing "heat" and "poison" to treat inflammation, hypertension, gastrointestinal disorders, and liver and cerebrovascular diseases. We report here our analysis of the anti-inflammatory effect of the component crude drugs of orengedokuto and their constituents using the inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production in the murine macrophage-like cell line J774.1. An initial comparison of NO production inhibitory activities of the extracts of the component crude drugs and their combinations revealed that the activity could be attributed to Phellodendron Bark and Coptis Rhizome...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yea-Chen Liu, Yu-Ying Hsiao, Kuo-Lung Ku, Hui-Fen Liao, Wei-Chun Chao
Macrophages play an indispensable role in the host immune defense. Macrophages can undergo polarization into classically (M1) and alternatively (M2) activated macrophages. M1 macrophages activate immune and inflammatory response, while M2 macrophages are involved in tissue remodeling. Mahonia oiwakensis (Mo) is a herbal medicine in Asia used for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties; however, the mechanism is unclear. This study analyzed the effect of Mo extracts and its effects on the polarization of both macrophage RAW264...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Cheng-Yin Yu, Gang-Yi Liu, Xiao-Hui Liu, Yu-Zhou Gui, Hai-Ming Liu, Hong-Chao Zheng, Darek C Gorecki, Asmita V Patel, Chen Yu, Yi-Ping Wang
Berberine8998 is a newly synthesized berberine derivative with better lipid-lowering activity and improved absorption. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of berberine8998 on serum cholesterol and lipid levels in vivo and to examine the mechanisms involved. Hamsters on high-fat diet (HFD) were administered berberine or berberine8998 (50 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 , ig) for 3 weeks. Berberine8998 administration significantly lowered the total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-C levels in HFD hamsters...
April 12, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Yisun Jeong, Daeun You, Hyun-Gu Kang, Jonghan Yu, Seok Won Kim, Seok Jin Nam, Jeong Eon Lee, Sangmin Kim
Purpose: The exact mechanism regulating fibronectin (FN) expression in breast cancer cells has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the pharmacological mechanism of berberine (BBR) with respect to FN expression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Methods: The clinical significance of FN mRNA expression was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier plotter database ( FN mRNA and protein expression levels were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Breast Cancer
Sugandh Saxena, Shatrunajay Shukla, Poonam Kakkar
Pleckstrin homology domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 2 (PHLPP2) has been known to exert tumor suppressive activity for long without much knowledge about its regulation and implications. Protein kinase B (Akt), Protein kinase C (PKC) and Ribosomal protein S6 Kinase (S6K) are known downtargets of PHLPP2, regulating a plethora of life processes viz. cell growth, survival and evasion from apoptosis. Present study decoded the crucial role of PHLPP2 in inducing apoptosis by its interaction with the newly found binding partner Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) in berberine (BBR)-treated human hepatoma cells...
April 4, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Ru Feng, Zhen-Xiong Zhao, Shu-Rong Ma, Fang Guo, Yan Wang, Jian-Dong Jiang
Berberine (BBR) is considered a multi-target drug that has significant advantages. In contrast to its significant pharmacological effects in clinic, the plasma level of BBR is very low. Our previous work revealed that dihydroberberine (dhBBR) could be an absorbable form of BBR in the intestine, and butyrate is an active metabolite that is generated by gut bacteria in rats. In this study, for the first time we describe gut microbiota-regulated pharmacokinetics in beagle dogs after oral administration of BBR by single (50 mg/kg) or multiple doses (50 mg/kg/d) for 7 days...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Marco Malavolta, Massimo Bracci, Lory Santarelli, Md Abu Sayeed, Elisa Pierpaoli, Robertina Giacconi, Laura Costarelli, Francesco Piacenza, Andrea Basso, Maurizio Cardelli, Mauro Provinciali
The reactivation of senescence in cancer and the subsequent clearance of senescent cells are suggested as therapeutic intervention in the eradication of cancer. Several natural compounds that activate Nrf2 (nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-related factor 2) pathway, which is involved in complex cytoprotective responses, have been paradoxically shown to induce cell death or senescence in cancer. Promoting the cytoprotective Nrf2 pathway may be desirable for chemoprevention, but it might be detrimental in later stages and advanced cancers...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
Nitika Singh, Bechan Sharma
Berberine and Sanguinarine alkaloids belong to a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms. This group also includes some related compounds with neutral or weakly acidic properties. Alkaloids are produced by a large number of organisms including bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. Berberine and Sanguinarine both are isoquinoline derivatives and belong to protoberberine and benzophenanthridines, respectively. Tyrosine or phenylalanine is common precursor for the biosynthesis of both...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Rong Ke, Kanchan Vishnoi, Navin Viswakarma, Sreevidya Santha, Subhasis Das, Ajay Rana, Basabi Rana
Our previous studies indicated that combination of Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and PPARγ ligand Troglitazone (TZD), can induce significant apoptosis in various TRAIL-resistant prostate and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. These also suggested serine/threonine kinase AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) to be a mediator of TRAIL-TZD-induced apoptosis. To further validate AMPK's role in TRAIL sensitization, we determined the apoptotic potential of TRAIL in combination with the natural compound Berberine (BBR), the latter being a potent activator of AMPK...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gholamhassan Azimi, Ali Hakakian, Mustafa Ghanadian, Ali Joumaa, Saeed Alamian
Berberis integerrima Bonge. (Syn: Berberis densiflora Boiss. & Buhse) is a shrub widely distributed in Middle East and central part of Asia. An ethnobotanical study revealed that indigenous and tribal people in Iran use B. integerrima root decoction for treatment of brucellosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was bioassay directed isolation of antibacterial compounds from this plant based on their in vitro bactericidal activity against Brucella abortus . Briefly, the ethanol extract of B. integerrima was fractioned and subjected to preliminary antibacterial screening tests against Brucella...
April 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Liping Zhu, Jiakai Han, Rongrong Yuan, Lei Xue, Wuyan Pang
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure, contributing to severe morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Berberine (BBR) has been well characterized to exert renoprotective effects in DN progression. However, the action mechanism of BBR in DN remains to be fully understood. METHODS: The DN rat model was generated by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 65 mg/kg body weight) while 30 mM high glucose (HG)-treated podocytes were used as an in vitro DN model...
March 31, 2018: Biological Research
Yuxue Sun, Jing Yu, Xinrui Liu, Chaochao Zhang, Junguo Cao, Guihong Li, Xingxing Liu, Yong Chen, Haiyan Huang
Gliomas, the most common primary malignant brain tumor, exhibit high metabolic activity. The targeting of metabolism alterations, particularly in mitochondria, is emerging as an efficient approach for curing cancers. Here, we showed that berberine, a natural compound that is used as an antibacterial agent, could reduce cellular viability and induce oncosis-like death, characterized by cell swelling, cytoplasmic vacuoles and plasma membrane blebbing, in gliomas, and that these effects were correlated with intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) depletion...
March 28, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Lili Zhu, Xiaoyun Zhu, Guibo Sun, Xiangbao Meng, Min Wang, Hanming Cui, Jialong Wang, Yadong Zhai, Ke Yang, Yang Tang, Xiaobo Sun, Ximing Liu
Intricate health problems, such as insulin resistance (IR) and its associated diseases, call for multi-targeted therapies with few side effects. Based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Dai-Zong-Fang (DZF) is an herbal formula mainly composed of Rhizoma Coptidis (Huanglian) and Fructus Aurantii Immaturus (Zhishi), of which berberine and naringin are the main constituents. Though DZF has been clinically used for treatment of IR and metabolic syndrome for decades, its mechanism in vivo remains unknown. In the present study, we observed that both DZF and metformin, the first-line drug for type 2 diabetes, ameliorated insulin resistance with significant improvement of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) level in diabetic C57BL/Ksj-Lepr db -/- ( db/db ) mice...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
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