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Upper digestive tract bleeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676705/-a-man-with-a-black-oesophagus
#1
G J Boersen, E C T Geijteman, D H Schweitzer
An 85-year-old man came to the emergency room because of vomiting a black fluid and melaena. He was hypotensive and had severe anaemia. We suspected an upper digestive tract bleeding and a gastroscopy was performed, which showed necrosis of the entire oesophagus. Within 24 hours of admission the patient died of hypovolemic shock.
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577218/-application-of-overlap-method-to-digestive-tract-reconstruction-of-totally-laparoscopic-left-colectomy
#2
Nan Wang, Bobo Zheng, Tao Wu, Qing Qiao, Yulong Zhai, Bo Zhang, Shuai Zhou, Wencong Shi, Xianli He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of the Overlap method in digestive tract reconstruction of totally laparoscopic left colectomy(TLLC) and its potential advantage. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study was adopted. Clinicopathological data of 16 patients with left colon cancer who underwent TLLC and Overlap anastomosis between August 2016 and August 2017 at Tangdu Hospital were retrospectively collected as Overlap group. Twenty-one patients who underwent laparoscopic assisted left colectomy (LALC) between January 2015 and July 2016 at Tangdu Hospital were used as control (traditional group)...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543049/postoperative-monitoring-of-the-free-jejunal-flap-use-of-colour-duplex-and-systematic-review-of-available-techniques
#3
R Cuthbert, C Deutsch, A Roy, P Stimpson, H Patel
Introduction The free jejunal flap represents the gold standard for circumferential defects in upper digestive tract reconstruction. It is a technically demanding procedure with significant failure rates. Unrecognised failure leads to flap necrosis and potentially fatal sequelae, including sepsis and carotid artery bleed. Despite these catastrophic consequences, however, there remains no consensus on an optimum method for postoperative flap monitoring. Our unit has pioneered the use of external colour duplex ultrasound to monitor flap vascularity...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515981/gastric-lethal-hemorrhage-due-to-dieulafoy-s-disease
#4
Cesar Cilento Ponce
Gastric Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) is a potentially fatal entity that causes upper digestive hemorrhage as a consequence of the erosion of an abnormal large-caliber artery in the submucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. We report the case of a 59-year-old female patient admitted to the emergency facility due to melena without any active sign of bleeding during the esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Unexpectedly, she progressed presenting a massive hematemesis followed by an irreversible cardiorespiratory arrest. The aim of this study is to draw attention to DL as a possible cause of massive and fatal digestive hemorrhage, and to describe the anatomical autopsy findings...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883296/multifocal-angiosarcoma-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-case-report
#5
REVIEW
Yosho Fukita, Ikuma Yasuda, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Tsutoshi Asaki, Seitaro Adachi, Michifumi Toyomizu, Takefumi Takeda, Naomi Suematsu
An 80-year-old man presented to our hospital with complaints of tarry stool and shortness of breath. A blood test confirmed marked anemia. On abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography, neither hemorrhagic lesions nor tumorous lesions could be pointed out. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple erythematous flat elevated lesions, which were about 10mm in diameter, located between the stomach and the horizontal part of the duodenum. Colonoscopy revealed similar lesions throughout the entire colon...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882969/successful-resection-and-vascular-ligation-of-a-large-hepatic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Iulian Brezean, Claudiu Anghel, Ion Barbu, Mihai Pautov, Irina Balescu, Vladislav Brasoveanu
The occurrence of hepatic artery aneurysms is rare and might be incidentally diagnosed, as the patient remains asymptomatic for a long period of time. However, due to the fact that these lesions are associated with a high risk of developing life threatening complications, such as intraperitoneal rupture, it has been stated that all cases should be submitted to treatment by endovascular or surgical approach. We present the case of a 68-year-old patient, who presented with recurrent upper digestive tract bleedings and was diagnosed with a large aneurysm of the common and the proper hepatic artery, and the gastroduodenal artery...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211282/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-jejunum-an-uncommon-finding-within-the-reach-of-capsule-endoscopy
#7
José Francisco Juanmartiñena, Marta Montes, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
An 80 year-old female presented with ductal breast carcinoma (stage II) three years ago, complained of asthenia and iron-deficiency anemia. No diagnosis was obtained after conventional endoscopy and iron supplements were indicated. Ten months later visible digestive hemorrhage was presented. Upper and lower endoscopy was repeated but non-diagnosis was obtained. Thus, video capsule endoscopy was indicated identifying a stenotic lesion arising in the mucosa of distal jejunum. Histopathological examination revealed a poorly mucinous differentiated signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma with an intense peri-tumoral lymphoid (Crohn´s-like lymphoid reaction) and lympho-vascular infiltration with no nodal metastases (pT3N0;7ª edition TNM classification)...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191810/gist-institutional-experience-at-srms-ims-india
#8
Shubhanshu Gupta, Keshri Amit, Ashish Gupta, Tanu Argawal
Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) is a malignant, non-epithelial, mesenchymal tumor of the digestive tract that is not uncommon in clinical practice nowadays; diagnosis being based upon immuno-histo-chemical analysis of the resected or biopsied (FNAC) specimen. Abdominal lump with or without intra-luminal bleed is a common mode of presentation. Early diagnosis and appropriate management with surgery and/or Imatinib therapy improves recurrence free survival and may impact overall survival. We present here our institutional experience of four patients, admitted in Onco-Surgery Dept...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062878/-an-unusual-finding-of-two-coins-together-in-the-esophagus-of-pediatric-patients-report-of-two-cases
#9
Alexis Ormeño Julca
The ingestion of foreign bodies (EB) is a frequent complaint in the Pediatric Emergency Services. Studies report that in children occurs 80% of the EC, most frequently between 6 months and 3 years old and the second held because of urgent endoscopy in pediatrics. In 80-90% of cases the CE spontaneously passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract, however occasionally staying in the esophagus and should be removed to avoid dangerous complications such as obstruction or perforation of the upper digestive tract bleeding, ulcers, or fistulas...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900870/-hemosuccus-pancreaticus-rare-complication-of-chronic-pancreatitis
#10
Igor Šturdík, Martin Kužma, Zuzana Kužmová, Tomáš Koller, Vladimír Javorka, Tibor Hlavatý, Juraj Payer
Hemosuccus pancreaticus is a rare cause of upper digestive tract bleeding, it is hemorrhage to the pancreatic duct. A case report is about 56-years old man who was repeatedly hospitalized and suffered from melena and enterorrhagia during 3 years. Imaging studies did not clearly identified etiology of bleeding or source of hemorrhage was wrong identified. Finally, hemosuccus pancreaticus from collaterals of pseudoaneurysm after embolization was suspected because of repeating hemorrhage and embolization of a gastroduodenal artery in history...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894604/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-therapeutic-endoscopy-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding-secondary-to-angiodysplasias
#11
J Arribas Anta, C Zaera de la Fuente, R Martín Mateos, J A González Martín, A Cañete Ruiz, D Boixeda de Miquel, A Albillos Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal angiodysplasias are defined as vascular dilations that communicate capillaries and veins in the walls of the digestive tract. The clinical presentation of these lesions varies from chronic occult bleeding to severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to analyze lesion location, the efficacy of therapeutic endoscopy with argon plasma coagulation, and the factors associated with rebleeding in patients with gastrointestinal angiodysplasias...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737411/primary-aortoduodenal-fistula-first-you-should-suspect-it
#12
Mircea Beuran, Ionut Negoi, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, Sorin Hostiuc, Sorin Paun
A 59 year-old patient was admitted with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The clinical exam showed mild hypotension and blood samples revealed acute anemia (hemoglobin = 7.5 g/dl). Emergency computed tomography showed an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and extravasation of the arterial contrast material toward the digestive tract. The patient was transported to the operating room for emergency laparotomy, which showed an aortoduodenal fistula. After proximal and distal aortic vascular control, the two anatomical structures were dissected with duodenorrhaphy, patch repair of the aortic tear and omentum interposition...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677116/ulcerated-choledochocele-a-case-report
#13
E Ray-Offor, S N Elenwo, P O Igwe, C Ngeribara
BACKGROUND: The cystic dilatation of the biliary tract is an uncommon anomaly. Choledochocele, a cystic dilatation of the distal common bile duct, rarely presents clinically as massive gastrointestinal bleeding. AIM: This is to report a very rare disease condition and highlight minimal access options in surgical care. CASE SUMMARY: A 13 year-old boy was referred with a day history of sudden onset of passage of bright red blood per rectum with a fainting episode...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348725/meddra%C3%A2-automated-term-groupings-using-ontoadr-evaluation-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleedings
#14
Julien Souvignet, Hadyl Asfari, Jérémy Lardon, Emilie Del Tedesco, Gunnar Declerck, Cédric Bousquet
OBJECTIVE: To propose a method to build customized sets of MedDRA terms for the description of a medical condition. We illustrate this method with upper gastrointestinal bleedings (UGIB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We created a broad list of MedDRA terms related to UGIB and defined a gold standard with the help of experts. MedDRA terms were formally described in a semantic resource named OntoADR. We report the use of two semantic queries that automatically select candidate terms for UGIB...
September 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236223/identification-of-lesion-images-from-gastrointestinal-endoscope-based-on-feature-extraction-of-combinational-methods-with-and-without-learning-process
#15
Ding-Yun Liu, Tao Gan, Ni-Ni Rao, Yao-Wen Xing, Jie Zheng, Sang Li, Cheng-Si Luo, Zhong-Jun Zhou, Yong-Li Wan
The gastrointestinal endoscopy in this study refers to conventional gastroscopy and wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE). Both of these techniques produce a large number of images in each diagnosis. The lesion detection done by hand from the images above is time consuming and inaccurate. This study designed a new computer-aided method to detect lesion images. We initially designed an algorithm named joint diagonalisation principal component analysis (JDPCA), in which there are no approximation, iteration or inverting procedures...
August 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101670/-causes-analysis-of-misdiagnosis-in-patients-with-familial-nasal-bleeding
#16
Cong Xu, Lingchao Ji, Jingjie Jia, Xin Qiu, Zhaolei Luan, Yin Bai, Jing Zhang, Hongtian Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the causes of misdiagnosis in patients with familial nasal bleeding and to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment. METHOD: The clinical characteristics of 7 families with nose blood were analyzed retrospectively and 2 typical cases were reported, including their treatment and misdiagnosis in consulting, out-patient and in-patient. RESULT: Typical case 1 was misdiagnosed and mistreated for 42 years, misdiagnosed as blood disease so that the patient was biopsied in bone marrow, misdiagnosed as endometriosis so that the patient was performed uterus resection...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26747402/small-bowel-protection-against-nsaid-injury-in-rats-effect-of-rifaximin-a-poorly-absorbed-gi-targeted-antibiotic
#17
Matteo Fornai, Luca Antonioli, Carolina Pellegrini, Rocchina Colucci, Deborah Sacco, Erika Tirotta, Gianfranco Natale, Alessia Bartalucci, Marina Flaibani, Cecilia Renzulli, Emilia Ghelardi, Corrado Blandizzi, Carmelo Scarpignato
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, besides exerting detrimental effects on the upper digestive tract, can also damage the small and large intestine. Although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, there is evidence that enteric bacteria play a pivotal role. The present study examined the enteroprotective effects of a delayed-release formulation of rifaximin-EIR (R-EIR, 50mg/kg BID, i.g.), a poorly absorbed antibiotic with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity, in a rat model of enteropathy induced by indomethacin (IND, 1...
February 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238590/-laparoscopic-gastric-sleeve-in-gastric-volvulus-secondary-to-diaphragmatic-eventration-in-an-adult-patient
#18
Ramiro Gálvez-Valdovinos, Ernesto Marín-Santillán, Juan Francisco Funes-Rodríguez, Gustavo López-Ambriz
BACKGROUND: Acute gastric volvulus is a rare, but potentially life-threatening, cause of upper gastrointestinal obstruction. CLINICAL CASE: Male of 60 years old with severe epigastric pain and abdominal distension with haematemesis on two occasions. The patient was haemodynamically stable, with abdominal distension and palpable epigastric fullness. Hematic cytology showed: haemoglobin 8.2g/dl and haematocrit 27%. Abdominal X-ray showed an elevation of left diaphragm with a hugely dilated stomach...
March 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25620486/-comparison-of-perioperative-outcomes-and-lymphadenectomy-after-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-in-semi-prone-position-and-open-esophagectomy
#19
Xiang Wang, Qiang Li, Xiang Zhuang, Xiaojun Yang, Tianpeng Xie, Ping Xiao, Ke Ma, Bin Hu
OBJECTIVE: Thoracoscopic esophagectomy has gained worldwide popularity. This study compared the perioperative outcomes and lymphadenectomy after thoracoscopic esophagectomy in semi prone position and open esophagectomy. METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients after thoracoscopic esophagectomy were compared with 62 patients who underwent open esophagectomy. Outcomes included surgical time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, 30-day mortality, complications and gained lymph nodes...
November 2014: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25453721/clinical-radiologic-and-endoscopic-characteristics-upon-diagnosis-of-patients-with-prehepatic-portal-hypertension-at-the-instituto-nacional-de-pediatr%C3%A3-a-from-2001-to-2011
#20
F Zárate Mondragón, J O Romero Trujillo, R Cervantes Bustamante, M A Mora Tiscareño, E Montijo Barrios, J F Cadena León, M Cázares Méndez, E M Toro Monjaraz, J Ramírez Mayans
BACKGROUND: Prehepatic portal hypertension in children can be asymptomatic for many years. Once diagnosed, the therapeutic measures (pharmacologic, endoscopic, and surgical) are conditioned by the specific characteristics of each patient. In Mexico, there are no recorded data on the incidence of the disease and patient characteristics. AIMS: To determine the main clinical, radiologic, and endoscopic characteristics upon diagnosis of these patients at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría within the time frame of January 2001 and December 2011...
October 2014: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
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