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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329467/unna-boot-central-gauze-technique-for-chronic-venous-leg-ulcers
#1
Anne L Gao, Justin G Cole, William V Stoecker
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers generally take manyweeks to heal. Novel therapies that shorten healingtime and require less complex care are needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to presenta pilot study for a new method that can result ina faster healing time for venous leg ulcers usinginexpensive materials. METHODS: A central-gauzeprotocol was developed as described here. A three-ply gauze sponge was placed in the center of theulcer, allowing a peripheral 3-5 mm rim of ulcer toremain exposed...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328751/an-improvement-on-central-line-dressings-using-an-omental-technique
#2
Zeb M McMillan, Christopher R Tainter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328742/treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-children-with-a-modified-palm-tree-technique
#3
Ayman M Ali, Sallam I Fawzy, Medhat Moaty, Mohamed Abelaziz
Although most pediatric proximal humeral fractures can be successfully treated conservatively with satisfactory results, many operative techniques have been described for the treatment of displaced proximal humeral fractures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous fixation using a modified palm tree technique for proximal humerus fractures in children. Between March 2011 and May 2013, the modified palm tree technique was used for the management of 30 children (20 boys and 10 girls) with displaced proximal humeral fractures...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328660/addressing-the-barriers-to-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-use-in-major-burns-alternate-electrode-placement
#4
Pippa Kenworthy, Tiffany L Grisbrook, Michael Phillips, William Gibson, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is a method used to assess body composition and fluid distribution. As a technology for measurement of fluid shifts during acute burn resuscitation, there are potential barriers to its use due to the location of wounds. This study aimed to determine whether alternate electrode positions were a suitable alternative compared to standardized (manufacturer) positions in moderate to large size burns for the measurement of BIS resistance and fluid changes. BIS measurements were collected in standard and alternate electrode placements and in an open wound and Acticoat™ dressing condition...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327419/concomitant-unilateral-post-traumatic-leg-and-foot-compartment-syndrome-in-a-5-years-old-child-case-report
#5
Aissam Elmhiregh, Adel El Feghih, Khaled Faraj
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome is one of the most serious orthopedic emergencies [4]. It is usually anticipated and looked at in every single orthopedic case. Early recognition and management of those cases are quite important in order to avoid the devastating consequences of such condition. CASE SUMMARY: This is a case report of a 5 years old child with concomitant unilateral leg and foot compartment syndrome after a roll over trauma. The patient was presented with significant leg and foot swelling, severe pain and absent distal pulses...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327272/effects-of-electrospun-scaffolds-of-di-o-butyrylchitin-and-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-on-wound-healing
#6
Jacek Drobnik, Izabella Krucinska, Agnieszka Komisarczyk, Stanislaw Sporny, Alicja Szczepanowska, Joanna Ciosek
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the usefulness of electrospun dibutyrylchitin (DBC) or poly (ε-Caprolactone [PCL]), in wound treatment. We investigated the mechanisms of action of these polymers on wound healing. METHODS: We synthesized DBC, a newly identified ester derivative of chitin, using a patented method comprising the substitution of butyryl groups at positions C-3 and C-6 in chitin molecules. We confirmed the double substitution by the butyric groups using infrared spectrometry...
April 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327138/accuracy-of-pedicle-screw-placement-in-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#7
Jun Qiao, Feng Zhu, Leilei Xu, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Bangping Qian, Qing Jiang, Zezhang Zhu, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND: There is no study concerning safety and accuracy of pedicle screw placement in Marfan syndrome. The objective of this study is to investigate accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement in scoliosis associated with Marfan syndrome. METHODS: CT scanning was performed to analyze accuracy of pedicle screw placement. Pedicle perforations were classified as medial, lateral or anterior and categorized to four grades: ≤ 2 mm as Grade 1, 2.1-4.0 mm as Grade 2, 4...
March 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326428/impact-of-postoperative-compression-dressing-using-polyethylene-foam-pad-on-the-multimodal-protocol-for-swelling-control-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Satomi Kayamori, Sachiyuki Tsukada, Masako Sato, Kenichi Komata, Yumiko Isida, Motohiro Wakui
BACKGROUND: The multimodal approach is commonly applied to improve knee swelling after total knee arthroplasty. Although the use of a knee compression pad may improve knee swelling, its impact in the multimodal protocol remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 57 knees were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups receiving treatment with either a compression dressing using a polyethylene foam pad designed to effectively compress the postoperative knee combined with an elastic bandage or a compression dressing with use of an elastic bandage only...
December 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326150/creating-accurate-flap-designs-using-a-hydrocolloid-dressing-as-a-template
#9
Amra Kuc, Jared Gopman, Deniz Dayicioglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325633/trends-in-the-use-of-stents-and-drug-eluting-stents-in-sinus-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Leah J Hauser, Justin H Turner, Rakesh K Chandra
Stenting has long been used in the paranasal sinuses with the goals of maintaining a patent sinus cavity during the postoperative healing process and preventing restenosis from inflammation or scarring. More recently, drug-eluting stents have been introduced. Steroid-impregnated dressings and implants appear to be safe, although likely have increased systemic absorption compared with topical nasal steroid sprays and rinses. There is evidence to support the use of steroid-releasing implants in the ethmoid cavity in the postoperative period; however, more study is needed to truly define the role of these implants...
March 18, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325530/in-vitro-measurements-of-burn-dressing-adherence-and-the-effect-of-interventions-on-reducing-adherence
#11
Michal Brichacek, Chenxi Ning, Justin P Gawaziuk, Song Liu, Sarvesh Logsetty
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research on reducing dressing adherence. This is partly due to lack of an in vitro model, recreating the clinical variability of wounds. Previously we described an in vitro gelatin model to evaluate adherence in a standardized manner. We present evaluation of strategies to reduce adherence in six dressings. PROCEDURES: Dressing materials used were: PET (Control), fine mesh gauze coated in bismuth and petroleum jelly (BIS), nanocrystalline silver (NS), wide mesh polyester coated in polysporin ointment (WM), fine mesh cellulose acetate coated in polysporin ointment (FM), and soft silicone mesh (SIL)...
March 18, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325319/bacterial-cellulose-zinc-oxide-nanocomposites-as-a-novel-dressing-system-for-burn-wounds
#12
Ayesha Khalid, Romana Khan, Mazhar Ul-Islam, Taous Khan, Fazli Wahid
Bacterial cellulose possesses physical and mechanical properties of an ideal wound dressing material but lack of antimicrobial activity limits its biomedical applications. Therefore, in current study, the inherent wound healing characteristics of bacterial cellulose and antimicrobial properties of zinc oxide nanoparticles were combined. The reinforcement (impregnation) of zinc oxide nanoparticles into bacterial cellulose sheets was confirmed through various characterization techniques. The antimicrobial capacity of bacterial cellulose-zinc oxide nanocomposites was tested against common burn pathogens...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323880/randomized-controlled-trials-in-central-vascular-access-devices-a-scoping-review
#13
Mari Takashima, Gillian Ray-Barruel, Amanda Ullman, Samantha Keogh, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for central venous access devices, however, high complication rates remain. Scoping reviews map the available evidence and demonstrate evidence deficiencies to focus ongoing research priorities. METHOD: A scoping review (January 2006-December 2015) of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to improve central venous access device outcomes; including peripherally inserted central catheters, non-tunneled, tunneled and totally implanted venous access catheters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322960/sericin-binded-deprotenized-natural-rubber-film-containing-chitin-whiskers-as-elasto-gel-dressing
#14
Anyarat Watthanaphanit, Ratana Rujiravanit
Here, we aims to demonstrate a simple concept in biomaterials design by using natural resources solely as raw materials to fabricate elastic wound care dressing. Elasto-gel films comprise of silk sericin (SRC), natural rubber (NR), and chitin whisker (CTW) were developed. A glue-like protein SRC found in silk cocoons is beneficial for the treatment of wounds due to its superior skin moisturizing ability. However, the pure SRC film is generally difficult to be fabricated because of its weak structural feature...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322541/supramolecular-hydrogels-fabricated-from-supramonomers-a-novel-wound-dressing-material
#15
Wenwen Xu, Qiao Song, Jiangfei Xu, Michael J Serpe, Xi Zhang
Daily repeated wound dressing changes will lead to additional trauma to newly formed tissue and prolonging the healing process. In this letter, we designed and fabricated an easy removable wound dressing material. To accomplish this, crosslinkable supramonomers were first generated through host-guest noncovalent interaction, followed by radical copolymerization of acrylamide with supramonomer as crosslinker to fabricate supramolecular hydrogels. Benefiting from the dynamic nature of the supramonomer, the supramolecular hydrogel is able to dissolve upon exposure to memantine, an FDA approved drug, making it easily removed from a wound, representing a promising candidate for the new generation of wound dressing...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320360/a-prospective-analysis-of-pinch-grafting-of-chronic-leg-ulcers-in-a-series-of-elderly-patients-in-rural-cameroon
#16
Benjamin Momo Kadia, Christian Akem Dimala, Desmond Aroke, Cyril Jabea Ekabe, Reine Suzanne Mengue Kadia, Alain Chichom Mefire
BACKGROUND: Chronic leg ulcers (CLUs) pose serious public health concerns worldwide. They mainly affect the elderly population. Pinch grafting (PG) could be used to treat a variety of CLUs. However, in Cameroon, there is scarce data on the outcome of PG of CLUs in elderly patients in rural hospitals where most of these patients seek for medical attention and where clinicians rely on unconventional wound dressing methods to treat CLUs. Our objective was to describe the outcome of PG of CLUs in elderly patients in rural Cameroon...
March 20, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318991/bleeding-control-using-hemostatic-dressings-lessons-learned
#17
REVIEW
Brad L Bennett
Based on lessons learned, many military battlefield trauma advances ultimately transition to enhance civilian trauma care. However, even with major strides to enhance battlefield hemorrhage control, it is unclear how effectively these techniques and products are being translated to civilian trauma. The purpose of this brief review is to present the evidence of current hemostatic product effectiveness, determine the evidence for transitioning of this technology to prehospital civilian application, and provide recommendations about potential use in the wilderness/austere setting...
March 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315874/multiple-drug-hypersensitivity
#18
Werner J Pichler, Yuttana Srinoulprasert, James Yun, Oliver Hausmann
Multiple drug hypersensitivity (MDH) is a syndrome that develops as a consequence of massive T-cell stimulations and is characterized by long-lasting drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) to different drugs. The initial symptoms are mostly severe exanthems or drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS). Subsequent symptoms due to another drug often appear in the following weeks, overlapping with the first DHR, or months to years later after resolution of the initial presentation. The second DHR includes exanthema, erythroderma, DRESS, Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN), hepatitis, and agranulocytosis...
March 18, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315385/a-study-on-the-in-vitro-percutaneous-absorption-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-combination-with-aluminum-chloride-methyl-paraben-or-di-n-butyl-phthalate
#19
Katarzyna Domeradzka-Gajda, Marek Nocuń, Joanna Roszak, Beata Janasik, C Derrick Quarles, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Jarosław Grobelny, Emilia Tomaszewska, Grzegorz Celichowski, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda, Małgorzata Cieślak, Dorota Puchowicz, Jhanis J Gonzalez, Richard E Russo, Maciej Stępnik
Some reports indicate that the silver released from dermally applied products containing silver nanoparticles (AgNP) (e.g. wound dressings or cosmetics) can penetrate the skin, particularly if damaged. AgNP were also shown to have cytotoxic and genotoxic activity. In the present study percutaneous absorption of AgNP of two different nominal sizes (Ag15nm or Ag45nm by STEM) and surface modification, i.e. citrate or PEG stabilized nanoparticles, in combination with cosmetic ingredients, i.e. aluminum chloride (AlCl3), methyl paraben (MPB), or di-n-butyl phthalate (DBPH) was assessed using in vitro model based on dermatomed pig skin...
March 14, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303342/comparison-of-fabric-skins-for-the-simulation-of-sweating-on-thermal-manikins
#20
Barbara Koelblen, Agnes Psikuta, Anna Bogdan, Simon Annaheim, René M Rossi
Sweating is an important thermoregulatory process helping to dissipate heat and, thus, to prevent overheating of the human body. Simulations of human thermo-physiological responses in hot conditions or during exercising are helpful for assessing heat stress; however, realistic sweating simulation and evaporative cooling is needed. To this end, thermal manikins dressed with a tight fabric skin can be used, and the properties of this skin should help human-like sweat evaporation simulation. Four fabrics, i.e...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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