Read by QxMD icon Read


Siyu Chen, Xuhong Hou, Yu Sun, Gang Hu, Xiaoyan Zhou, Huijuan Xue, Peizhu Chen, Jingzhu Wu, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
AIMS: To assess whether an integrated hospital-community diabetes management program could improve major cardiovascular risk factor control among patients with diabetes in real-world clinical settings. METHODS: 985 adults with diabetes in the Shanghai Taopu community health service center were enrolled at baseline and 907 subjects completed the follow-up. The follow-up levels of the metabolic profiles were assessed by their averages during the follow up period. RESULTS: After a mean 7-year follow-up period, heamoglobin A1c, systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels decreased by 0...
January 26, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
D Senadheera, M Goonewardene, I Mampitiya
Introduction: In Sri Lanka the current prevalence of anaemia during pregnancy is estimated to be less than 20%. Objectives: To determine the rate of anaemia defined as hemoglobin concentration < 11 g/dl, and the rate of iron deficiency using the best cut off level of serum ferritin, in women presenting for antenatal care. Methods: Three hundred and fifty consecutive pregnant women with gestations between 12 to 20 weeks, presenting to the Academic Obstetric Unit at the Teaching Hospital Mahamodera, Galle, Sri Lanka from 10...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
Dalia Shalaby, Marwa Saied, Doaa Khater, Abla Abou Zeid
OBJECTIVES: To identify the possible role of natural killer (NK) cells in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) through studying the expression of the KLRC3 gene, which encodes the NK cell activating receptor (NKG2E). METHODS: This study was conducted at Alexandria University Children's Hospital from April to October 2015. The study was conducted with 30 newly diagnosed T1DM patients (15 males and 15 females), aged 7-13 years (10.6±1.8 years) and 20 non-diabetic subjects served as age- and sex-matched controls...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
S Sharma, A Kumar, P Kar, S Agarwal, S Ramji, S A Husain, S Prasad, S Sharma
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection can be vertically transmitted, but the factors that transmit the disease to foetuses are still unclear. We studied a total of 144 pregnant women with HEV infection. Cord blood and newborn samples were taken for analysis. Nutritional factors were evaluated on the basis of anthropometric parameters and biochemical factors, and HEV viral load was quantified by real-time PCR. Sequencing of HEV-positive samples was performed. Approximately 14.63% (6/41) of pregnant patients with acute liver failure (ALF) died before delivery...
November 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
M M Hoque, S D Adnan, S Karim, M A Mamun, S Nandy, M A Faruki, K Islam
Iron stores in the body exist primarily in the form of ferritin. Small amounts of ferritin secreted into the plasma and plasma ferritin is positively correlated with the size of the total body iron stores. The present study conducted to determine the iron status using the serum ferritin level among healthy Bangladeshi blood donors. The present cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Transfusion Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2011 to June 2012. Blood donor signed informed consent and has satisfactory pre-donation health assessment and satisfactory post-donation blood test results were included in the study...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Ume Kalsoom Dar, Farah Owais, Manzoor Ahmad, Ghazala H Rizwani
Momordica charantia (L.) commonly referred as bitter gourd, karela and balsam pear. Its fruit is used for the treatment of diabetes and related conditions amongst the indigenous populations of Asia, South America, India and East Africa. The study was conducted to find out the biochemical aspects of crude extract of whole fruit of M. charantia including seeds which includes blood test (Hemoglobin, RBC, Total leukocyte count, platelets count, HbA1C (Glycocylated heamoglobin Type A1C)), Lipid profile test and electrolyte balance...
November 2014: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Danish Ahmed, Vikas Kumar, Amita Verma, Pushpraj S Gupta, Hemant Kumar, Vishal Dhingra, Vatsala Mishra, Manju Sharma
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemic and/or anti-hyperglycemic activities have been recorded with numerous plants, many of which are used as traditional herbal treatments of diabetes. Albizzia Lebbeck Benth. stem bark have been used in traditional medicine along with some preliminary reports on its hypoglycemic action. The aim of present investigation was to evaluate the antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of methanolic extract of stem bark of Albizzia Lebbeck Benth. in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats...
2014: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jagdish Kakadiya, Haresh Mulani, Nehal Shah
Present study was designed to evaluate effect Hesperidin on Cardiovascular Complication in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in normal and Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide induced in diabetic rats. Hesperidin (100 mg/kg, p.o) was administered for 28 days in rats injected with single dose of Streptozotocin (65 mg/kg, i.p, STZ) and Nicotinamide (110 mg/kg, i.p, NIC) and after isoproterenol (200 mg/kg, s.c.) induced myocardial infarction in rats on 29(th) and 30(th) day. At the end of experimental period (i...
March 2010: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
I O Obasi, N Nwachukwu
Iron is one instrumental micronutrient to any healthy pregnancy. Its deficiency (with or without overt anaemia) remains a significant risk factor to gestational complications. In the present study, 307 pregnant women were prospectively recruited from Northern zone of Ebonyi State to assess their gestational iron status. The iron status of the subjects was determined with serum iron level and heamoglobin concentration, using atomic absorption (flame) spectrometric and Drabkin's methods respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using the computer software: "Statistical Program for Social Sciences" (SPSS for windows version 15...
October 15, 2013: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
M Abu Osman, M Mamunur Rashid, M Abdul Aziz, M Rowshahul Habib, M Rezaul Karim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antitumor activity of Manilkara zapota (M. zapota) L. stem bark against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) in Swiss albino mice. METHODS: The in vivo antitumour activity of the ethyl acetate extract of stem bark of M. zapota L. (EASM) was evaluated at 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg bw against EAC using mean survival time. After administration of the extract of M. zapota, viable EAC cell count and body weight in the EAC tumour hosts were observed. The animal was also observed for improvement in the haematological parameters (e...
December 2011: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
Nilima N Dongre, Adinath N Suryakar, Arun J Patil, Jeevan G Ambekar, Dileep B Rathi
The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of lead exposure on systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heme biosynthesis related and hematological parameters of automobile workers. For this study 30 automobile workers were selected and compared with 30 age matched healthy control subjects. Significantly increased blood lead (364%, P < 0.001) and urinary lead (176%, P < 0.001) levels were observed in automobile workers (study group) as compared to controls. Systolic blood pressure (5.32%, P < 0...
October 2011: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
A F Odewusi, M O Oyeyemi, F O Olayemi, B Emikpe, L O Ehigie, R A Adisa, O O Olorunsogo
Momordica charantia (M. charantia), a medicinal plant of the family, Cucurbitaceae, is used in treating an array of ailments including diabetes, heamorrhoids, fevers and various cancers. Programmed cell death may be modulated by an intrinsic pathway involving the release of cytochrome C when the mitochondrial membrane permeability transition (MMPTP) pore is opened. Opening of MMPT pore was assayed using the method of Lapidus and Sokolove. The results obtained revealed that there was a dose-dependent and significant increase in the opening of the MMPT pore in rats orally administered the decoction with maximum induction (11-fold increase) at 55mg/100g body weight (bw), although the extent of opening of the pore was reduced at 65mg/100g bw (9-fold increase)...
December 2010: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Sohini Sengupta, M Vijaya Bhaskar, Inamul Haq
The present study was performed, to analyse the inter-relationship among trace elements: Iron, copper and zinc in pregnancy. Eighty-four pregnant women were compared with 30 age matched nonpregnant healthy controls. Fasting blood samples were analysed for heamoglobin, iron, copper and zinc. On the basis of Hb concentration (<10g/dl) and iron levels(<50microg/dl), the pregnant women were sub-grouped as anaemic, non-anaemic, Iron deficient anaemic and non-iron deficient anaemic. The level of copper was found to be significantly higher in iron deficiency anaemia, when compared to non-iron deficiency anaemia (p<0...
December 2010: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
S O Elusoji, A A Famodu, A Aigbe, C Osime, P E Iribhogbe, O Oludiran, E Egwakhide, C Elusoji, A Oluedo
Several studies have indicated the existence of thrombo-embolic complications in cancer patients and that this could be associated with changes in heamorheological parameters. Packed cell volume (PCV), heamoglobin (Hb), relative plasma viscosity (RPV) and plasma Fibrinogen concentration (PFC) were measured in 50 healthy control women, 50 age-matched women with breast cancer, and 10 women with histophathologically proven benign breast tumour. There were significant differences between the controls and breast cancer patients in all the parameters measured (p < 0...
April 2008: African Journal of Reproductive Health
M Ghasem Mohseni, S Modaresi, S R Hosseini, A Salavati
AIM: To report the technical feasibility of performing modified open prostatectomy. METHODS: From July 2004 to May 2007, 103 patients suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia were operated with this technique. We only used two wide transverse stay sutures at the anterior prostate surface and performed capsulotomy with electrocautery. We did not use the incision of endopelvic fascia, control of lateral pedicles or the transection of puboprostatic ligament. We analyzed the preoperative, operative and post operative data of these patients, prospectively...
June 2010: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
A O Ani, A U Okorie
A 4-week feeding experiment was conducted to determine the effects of graded levels of dehulled and cooked castor oil bean (Ricinus communis L) meal on the performance of broiler finishers. Castor oil bean seeds were dehulled and detoxified by cooking in two stages at 100 degrees C for 50 min per cooking. Sixty 6-week-old broiler birds (Anak strain) were randomly divided into four groups of 15 birds each. The groups were fed four isocaloric (2.90 Mcal of metabolizable energy/kg) and isonitrogenous (21% crude protein) diets containing 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% dehulled and cooked castor oil bean meal (CBM) for 4 weeks...
April 2009: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Neeru Gupta, Sharda Jain
Adolescent pregnancy is alarmingly common in India. These young girls face considerable health risks due to higher maternal and perinatal mortality. Early child bearing is not only a health problem for mother and child but is also associated with serious socio-economic and demographic implications as well. In developing countries 20% to 60% of young women's pregnancies and births are unintended, most coming sooner than planned. In India some demographers have estimated that if marriages were postponed from the age of 16 to 20 years, the number of births would decrease by 20 to 30 per-cent...
August 2008: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
J C Orakwe, N O Chukwujama, B E Egbunam
OBJECTIVE: To study postorchiectomy anaemia in black Nigerian patients who had bilateral orchiectomy for advanced carcinoma of the prostate. Anaemia has been observed in similar studies done on Caucasians and non-black patients in non-tropical environments MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with advanced carcinoma of the prostate who were managed by the authors over a four-year period, and who were treated with bilateral orchiectomy were prospectively studied...
March 2008: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ming-Hui Yang, Zeng-Chun Ma, Yong-Qi Dou, Jian Hu, Yu-Guang Wang, Hong-Ling Tan, Cheng-Rong Xiao, Yue Gao
OBJECTIVE: To research the effects of Siwu tang on serum protein of blood deficiency using proteomic technique and further explore its potential molecular mechanism to cure blood deficiency. METHOD: The sera of normal, blood deficiency and cured group were collected. Proteomic protocol involving the high resolution two-dimensional polyacryamide gel electrophoresis, the computer-assisted image analysis, and the mass spectrometry was used to detect regulated protein by Siwu tang...
February 2008: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"