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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774653/matrix-glycoprotein-interactions-required-for-budding-of-a-plant-nucleorhabdovirus-and-induction-of-inner-nuclear-membrane-invagination
#1
Kai Sun, Xin Zhou, Wenye Lin, Xueping Zhou, Andrew O Jackson, Zhenghe Li
Nucleorhabdoviruses such as Sonchus yellow net virus (SYNV) replicate in the nuclei and undergo morphogenesis at the inner nuclear membrane (IM) in plant cells. Mature particles are presumed to form by budding of the Matrix (M) protein-nucleocapsid complexes through host IMs to acquire host phospholipids and the surface glycoproteins (G). To address mechanisms underlying nucleorhabdovirus budding, we generated recombinant SYNV G mutants containing a truncated amino-terminal (NT) or carboxyl-terminal (CT) domain...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771498/structure-and-function-of-the-transmembrane-domain-of-nsas-an-antibiotic-sensing-histidine-kinase-in-s-aureus
#2
Manasi P Bhate, Thomas Lemmin, Georg Kuenze, Bruk Mensa, Soumya Ganguly, Jason Peters, Nathan Schmidt, Jeffrey G Pelton, Carol Gross, Jens Meiler, William F DeGrado
NsaS is one of four intramembrane histidine kinases (HKs) in Staphylococcus aureus that mediate the pathogen's response to membrane active antimicrobials and human innate immunity. We describe the first integrative structural study of NsaS using a combination of solution state NMR spectroscopy, chemical-crosslinking, molecular modeling and dynamics. Three key structural features emerge: First, NsaS has a short N-terminal amphiphilic helix that anchors its transmembrane (TM) bundle into the inner leaflet of the membrane such that it might sense neighboring proteins or membrane deformations...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769312/the-chloroplast-division-protein-arc6-acts-to-inhibit-disassembly-of-gdp-bound-ftsz2
#3
Min Woo Sung, Rahamthulla Shaik, Allan D TerBush, Katherine W Osteryoung, Stanislav Vitha, Andreas Holzenburg
Chloroplasts host photosynthesis and fulfill other metabolic functions that are essential to plant life. They have to divide by binary fission to maintain their numbers throughout cycles of cell division. Chloroplast division is achieved by a complex ring-shaped division machinery located on both the inner (stromal) and the outer (cytosolic) side of the chloroplast envelope. The inner division ring (termed the Z ring) is formed by the assembly of tubulin-like FtsZ1 and FtsZ2 proteins. ARC6 is a key chloroplast division protein that interacts with the Z ring...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768203/unconventional-secretion-mediates-the-trans-cellular-spreading-of-tau
#4
Taxiarchis Katsinelos, Marcel Zeitler, Eleni Dimou, Andromachi Karakatsani, Hans-Michael Müller, Eliana Nachman, Julia P Steringer, Carmen Ruiz de Almodovar, Walter Nickel, Thomas R Jahn
The progressive deposition of misfolded hyperphosphorylated tau is a pathological hallmark of tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms governing the intercellular spreading of tau species remain elusive. Here, we show that full-length soluble tau is unconventionally secreted by direct translocation across the plasma membrane. Increased secretion is favored by tau hyperphosphorylation, which provokes microtubule detachment and increases the availability of free protein inside cells...
May 15, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765610/x-ray-and-cryo-em-structures-of-inhibitor-bound-cytochrome-bc-1-complexes-for-structure-based-drug-discovery
#5
Kangsa Amporndanai, Rachel M Johnson, Paul M O'Neill, Colin W G Fishwick, Alexander H Jamson, Shaun Rawson, Stephen P Muench, S Samar Hasnain, Svetlana V Antonyuk
Cytochrome bc 1 , a dimeric multi-subunit electron-transport protein embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane, is a major drug target for the treatment and prevention of malaria and toxoplasmosis. Structural studies of cytochrome bc 1 from mammalian homologues co-crystallized with lead compounds have underpinned structure-based drug design to develop compounds with higher potency and selectivity. However, owing to the limited amount of cytochrome bc 1 that may be available from parasites, all efforts have been focused on homologous cytochrome bc 1 complexes from mammalian species, which has resulted in the failure of some drug candidates owing to toxicity in the host...
March 1, 2018: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764566/laminopathies-mutations-on-single-gene-and-various-human-genetic-diseases
#6
So-Mi Kang, Min-Ho Yoon, Bum-Joon Park
Lamin A and its alternative splicing product Lamin C are the key intermediate filaments (IFs) of the inner nuclear membrane intermediate filament. Lamin A/C forms the inner nuclear mesh with Lamin B and works as a frame with a nuclear shape. In addition to supporting the function of nucleus, nuclear lamins perform important roles such as holding the nuclear pore complex and chromatin. However, mutations on the Lamin A or Lamin B related proteins induce various types of human genetic disorders and diseases including premature aging syndromes, muscular dystrophy, lipodystrophy and neuropathy...
May 16, 2018: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762679/spatial-control-of-cell-envelope-biosynthesis-in-mycobacteria
#7
Julia Puffal, Alam García-Heredia, Kathryn C Rahlwes, M Sloan Siegrist, Yasu S Morita
The mycobacterial cell envelope is a complex multilayered structure that provides the strength to the rod-shaped cell and creates the permeability barrier against antibiotics and host immune attack. In this review, we will discuss the spatial coordination of cell envelope biosynthesis and how plasma membrane compartmentalization plays a role in this process. The spatial organization of cell envelope biosynthetic enzymes as well as other membrane-associated proteins is crucial for cellular processes such as polar growth and midcell septum formation...
June 1, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755320/mechanically-gated-ion-channels-in-mammalian-hair-cells
#8
REVIEW
Xufeng Qiu, Ulrich Müller
Hair cells in the inner ear convert mechanical stimuli provided by sound waves and head movements into electrical signal. Several mechanically evoked ionic currents with different properties have been recorded in hair cells. The search for the proteins that form the underlying ion channels is still in progress. The mechanoelectrical transduction (MET) channel near the tips of stereociliary in hair cells, which is responsible for sensory transduction, has been studied most extensively. Several components of the sensory mechanotransduction machinery in stereocilia have been identified, including the multi-transmembrane proteins tetraspan membrane protein in hair cell stereocilia (TMHS)/LHFPL5, transmembrane inner ear (TMIE) and transmembrane channel-like proteins 1 and 2 (TMC1/2)...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752967/hiv-1-matrix-protein-interactions-with-trna-implications-for-membrane-targeting
#9
Christy R Gaines, Emre Tkacik, Amalia Rivera-Oven, Phoebe Somani, Alecia Achimovich, Tawakalitou Alabi, Angela Zhu, Noel Getachew, Ae Lim Yang, Matthew McDonough, Tarik Hawkins, Zoe Spadaro, Michael F Summers
The N-terminally myristoylated matrix domain (MA) of the HIV-1 Gag polyprotein promotes virus assembly by targeting Gag to the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane (PM). Recent studies indicate that, prior to membrane binding, MA associates with cytoplasmic tRNAs (including tRNALys3 ), and in vitro studies of tRNA-dependent MA interactions with model membranes have led to proposals that competitive tRNA interactions contribute to membrane discrimination. We have characterized interactions between native, mutant, and unmyristylated (myr-) MA proteins and recombinant tRNALys3 by NMR spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748581/leptin-increases-mitochondrial-opa1-via-gsk3-mediated-oma1-ubiquitination-to-enhance-therapeutic-effects-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
Fan Yang, Rongrong Wu, Zhi Jiang, Jinghai Chen, Jinliang Nan, Sheng'an Su, Na Zhang, Chen Wang, Jing Zhao, Cheng Ni, Yingchao Wang, Wangxing Hu, Zhiru Zeng, Keyang Zhu, Xianbao Liu, Xinyang Hu, Wei Zhu, Hong Yu, Jinyu Huang, Jian'an Wang
Accumulating evidence revealed that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) confer cardioprotection against myocardial infarction (MI). However, the poor survival and engraftment rate of the transplanted cells limited their therapeutic efficacy in the heart. The enhanced leptin production associated with hypoxia preconditioning contributed to the improved MSCs survival. Mitochondrial integrity determines the cellular fate. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether leptin can enhance mitochondrial integrity of human MSCs (hMSCs) to protect against various stress...
May 10, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748537/single-molecule-fate-of-hiv-1-envelope-reveals-late-stage-viral-lattice-incorporation
#11
Carmen A Buttler, Nairi Pezeshkian, Melissa V Fernandez, Jesse Aaron, Sofya Norman, Eric O Freed, Schuyler B van Engelenburg
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) assembly occurs on the inner leaflet of the host cell plasma membrane, incorporating the essential viral envelope glycoprotein (Env) within a budding lattice of HIV-1 Gag structural proteins. The mechanism by which Env incorporates into viral particles remains poorly understood. To determine the mechanism of recruitment of Env to assembly sites, we interrogate the subviral angular distribution of Env on cell-associated virus using multicolor, three-dimensional (3D) superresolution microscopy...
May 10, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742405/molecular-dynamics-analysis-of-cardiolipin-and-monolysocardiolipin-on-bilayer-properties
#12
Kevin J Boyd, Nathan N Alder, Eric R May
The mitochondrial lipid cardiolipin (CL) contributes to the spatial protein organization and morphological character of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Monolysocardiolipin (MLCL), an intermediate species in the CL remodeling pathway, is enriched in the multisystem disease Barth syndrome. Despite the medical relevance of MLCL, a detailed molecular description that elucidates the structural and dynamic differences between CL and MLCL has not been conducted. To this end, we performed comparative atomistic molecular dynamics studies on bilayers consisting of pure CL or MLCL to elucidate similarities and differences in their molecular and bulk bilayer properties...
May 8, 2018: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740340/tissue-distribution-of-kir7-1-inwardly-rectifying-k-channel-probed-in-a-knock-in-mouse-expressing-a-haemagglutinin-tagged-protein
#13
Isabel Cornejo, Sandra Villanueva, Johanna Burgos, Karen I López-Cayuqueo, Régine Chambrey, Francisca Julio-Kalajzić, Neudo Buelvas, María I Niemeyer, Dulce Figueiras-Fierro, Peter D Brown, Francisco V Sepúlveda, L P Cid
Kir7.1 encoded by the Kcnj13 gene in the mouse is an inwardly rectifying K+ channel present in epithelia where it shares membrane localization with the Na+ /K+ -pump. Further investigations of the localisation and function of Kir7.1 would benefit from the availability of a knockout mouse, but perinatal mortality attributed to cleft palate in the neonate has thwarted this research. To facilitate localisation studies we now use CRISPR/Cas9 technology to generate a knock-in mouse, the Kir7.1-HA that expresses the channel tagged with a haemagglutinin (HA) epitope...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738569/intraretinal-changes-in-idiopathic-versus-diabetic-epiretinal-membranes-after-macular-peeling
#14
Mario R Romano, Gennaro Ilardi, Mariantonia Ferrara, Gilda Cennamo, Davide Allegrini, Pia Pafundi, Ciro Costagliola, Stefania Staibano, Giovanni Cennamo
INTRODUCTION: Epiretinal traction is not responsible only for epiretinal but also intraretinal changes. This study aims to describe structural and vascular intraretinal changes after macular peeling in idiopathic (iERM) vs diabetic ERM (dERM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective interventional study on forty-two eyes, 23 with iERMs and 19 with dERMs, undergoing ERM-ILM peeling. We performed SD-OCT preoperatively, 1 and 6 months postoperatively to assess central macular thickness (CMT), intraretinal cysts (IC) and/or continuous ectopic inner foveal layers (CEIFL), superficial and deep capillary free zone (CFZ) area on OCT-A...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735759/measurement-of-internal-ph-in-helicobacter-pylori-by-using-green-fluorescent-protein-fluorimetry
#15
Yi Wen, David R Scott, Olga Vagin, Elmira Tokhtaeva, Elizabeth A Marcus, George Sachs
Helicobacter pylori is an organism known to colonize the normal human stomach. Previous studies have shown that the bacterium does this by elevating its periplasmic pH via the hydrolysis of urea. However, the value of the periplasmic pH was calculated indirectly from the proton motive force equation. To measure the periplasmic pH directly in H. pylori , we fused EGFP to the predicted twin arginine-signal peptides of HydA and KapA from H. pylori , and TorA from E. coli The fusion proteins were expressed in the H...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734003/inner-envelope-chloroplast-manganese-transporter-1-supports-manganese-homeostasis-and-phototrophic-growth-in-arabidopsis
#16
Bin Zhang, Chi Zhang, Congge Liu, Yanping Jing, Yuan Wang, Ling Jin, Lei Yang, Aigen Fu, Jisen Shi, Fugeng Zhao, Wenzhi Lan, Sheng Luan
Manganese (Mn) is an essential catalytic metal in the Mn-cluster that oxidizes water to produce oxygen during photosynthesis. However, the transport protein(s) responsible for Mn2+ import into the chloroplast remains unknown. Here, we report the characterization of Arabidopsis CMT1 (Chloroplast Manganese Transporter 1), an evolutionarily conserved protein in the Uncharacterized Protein Family 0016 (UPF0016), that is required for manganese accumulation into the chloroplast. The CMT1 gene was expressed primarily in green tissues and the CMT1 protein was localized in the inner envelope membrane of the chloroplast...
May 5, 2018: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733859/assembly-of-the-mitochondrial-cristae-organizer-mic10-is-regulated-by-mic26-mic27-antagonism-and-cardiolipin
#17
Heike Rampelt, Florian Wollweber, Carolin Gerke, Rinse de Boer, Ida J van der Klei, Maria Bohnert, Nikolaus Pfanner, Martin van der Laan
The multi-subunit mitochondrial contact site and cristae organizing system (MICOS) is a conserved protein complex of the inner mitochondrial membrane that is essential for maintenance of cristae architecture. The core subunit Mic10 forms large oligomers that build a scaffold and induce membrane curvature. The regulation of Mic10 oligomerization is poorly understood. We report that Mic26 exerts a destabilizing effect on Mic10 oligomers and thus functions in an antagonistic manner to the stabilizing subunit Mic27...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732497/uniform-polysaccharide-composite-microspheres-with-controllable-network-by-microporous-membrane-emulsification-technique
#18
Hongwu Zhang, Lan Zhao, Yongdong Huang, Kai Zhu, Qibao Wang, Rui Yang, Zhiguo Su, Guanghui Ma
High resolution has been constantly pursued in both preparative and analytical chromatography. Chromatographic media are a key factor during the entire separation process. Tailor-made chromatographic media have gained more attention because of their adjustable structure appropriate for application. Uniform polysaccharide composite microspheres were prepared with a mixture of agarose and dextran solution by membrane emulsification technique for the first time. Their pore structure was deliberately regulated by adjusting both the polysaccharide composition and the molecular weight of dextran...
May 7, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731306/absence-of-complex-i-implicates-rearrangement-of-the-respiratory-chain-in-european-mistletoe
#19
Jennifer Senkler, Nils Rugen, Holger Eubel, Jan Hegermann, Hans-Peter Braun
The mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system, which is based on the presence of five protein complexes, is in the very center of cellular ATP production. Complexes I to IV are components of the respiratory electron transport chain that drives proton translocation across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The resulting proton gradient is used by complex V (the ATP synthase complex) for the phosphorylation of ADP. Occurrence of complexes I to V is highly conserved in eukaryotes, with exceptions being restricted to unicellular parasites that take up energy-rich compounds from their hosts...
April 27, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730487/interaction-of-monomeric-ebola-vp40-protein-with-a-plasma-membrane-a-coarse-grained-molecular-dynamics-cgmd-simulation-study
#20
Mohamad Ariff Mohamad Yusoff, Azzmer Azzar Abdul Hamid, Noraslinda Mohammad Bunori, Khairul Bariyyah Abd Halim
Ebola virus is a lipid-enveloped filamentous virus that affects human and non-human primates and consists of several types of protein: nucleoprotein, VP30, VP35, L protein, VP40, VP24, and transmembrane glycoprotein. Among the Ebola virus proteins, its matrix protein VP40 is abundantly expressed during infection and plays a number of critical roles in oligomerization, budding and egress from the host cell. VP40 exists predominantly as a monomer at the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane, and has been suggested to interact with negatively charged lipids such as phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2 ) and phosphatidylserine (PS) via its cationic patch...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
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