keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320485/non-invasive-ventilation-and-surfactant-treatment-as-primary-mode-of-respiratory-support-in-surfactant-deficient-newborn-piglets
#1
Carmen Rey-Santano, Victoria E Mielgo, Miguel Angel Gomez-Solaetxe, Francesca Ricci, Federico Bianco, Fabrizio Salomone, Begoña Loureiro, Jon López de Heredia Y Goya
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), forms of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for respiratory support, are increasingly being chosen as the initial treatment for neonates with surfactant (SF) deficiency. Our objective was to compare NCPAP with NIPPV with or without SF administration as a primary mode of ventilation. METHODS: Twenty-four newborn piglets with SF-deficient lung injury produced by repetitive bronchoalveolar lavages were randomly assigned to NCPAP or NIPPV, with or without SF administration (InSurE method)...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313906/respiratory-complications-of-anaesthesia
#2
REVIEW
G H Mills
Postoperative pulmonary complications are a major determinant of outcome for patients and consume huge resources within hospital, particularly in critical care. Prediction and anticipation of postoperative pulmonary complications are vital for patient selection and, in some cases, for informed patient consent. Being able to assess the likelihood of postoperative pulmonary complications also allows research into methods to reduce them by allowing allocation of patients to the appropriate arms of research trials...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273075/management-of-pneumothorax-in-hemodynamically-stable-preterm-infants-using-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-report-of-five-cases
#3
Claudia Aurilia, Cinzia Ricci, Milena Tana, Chiara Tirone, Alessandra Lio, Alessandro Gambacorta, Angela Paladini, Giovanni Vento
BACKGROUND: Despite an increased use of non-invasive ventilatory strategies and gentle ventilation, pneumothorax remains a common complication in preterm infants. The ventilator management of infants with air leaks remains challenging in terms of both prevention and treatment. Recently the safety and efficacy of expectant management avoiding chest tube drainage to treat large air leak in preterm infants hemodynamically stable has been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: In the present study, we report five cases of preterm infants with birth weight ≤ 1250 g affected by respiratory distress syndrome and treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure as first intention...
December 22, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208322/face-mask-leak-with-nasal-cannula-during-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#4
Derek J Brown, Stephen M Carroll, Michael D April
BACKGROUND: Nasal cannula can achieve apneic oxygenation during emergency intubation. However, pre-procedure nasal cannula placement may be difficult in patients undergoing non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) prior to intubation. Our objective was to compare mask leak during NPPV with versus without simultaneous application of nasal cannula. We hypothesized mask leak would be no worse with concomitant use of nasal cannula (non-inferiority design). METHODS: We performed a randomized crossover non-inferiority study of healthy volunteers...
December 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199768/invasive-versus-non-invasive-ventilation-for-acute-respiratory-failure-in-neuromuscular-disease-and-chest-wall-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Fang Luo, Djillali Annane, David Orlikowski, Li He, Mi Yang, Muke Zhou, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure is a common life-threatening complication of acute onset neuromuscular diseases, and may exacerbate chronic hypoventilation in patients with neuromuscular disease or chest wall disorders. Standard management includes oxygen supplementation, physiotherapy, cough assistance, and, whenever needed, antibiotics and intermittent positive pressure ventilation. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) via nasal, buccal or full-face devices has become routine practice in many centres...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197407/low-tidal-volume-mechanical-ventilation-against-no-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-heart-surgery-mecano-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Lee S Nguyen, Messaouda Merzoug, Philippe Estagnasie, Alain Brusset, Jean-Dominique Law Koune, Stephane Aubert, Thierry Waldmann, Jean-Michel Grinda, Hadrien Gibert, Pierre Squara
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. There are no recommendations on mechanical ventilation associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during surgery and anesthesiologists perform either no ventilation (noV) at all during CPB or maintain low tidal volume (LTV) ventilation. Indirect evidence points towards better pulmonary outcomes when LTV is performed but no large-scale prospective trial has yet been published in cardiac surgery...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196698/high-pressure-versus-low-pressure-home-non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-with-built-in-software-in-patients-with-stable-hypercapnic-copd-a-pilot-study
#7
Rongchang Chen, Lili Guan, Weiliang Wu, Xiaoying Li, Xin Chen, Bingpeng Guo, Yating Huo, Jiawen Xu, Yuqiong Yang, Luqian Zhou
High-pressure non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is a new strategy targeted at maximally reducing arterial carbon dioxide. However, high inspiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP) might cause respiratory adverse events likely to diminish the benefit of NPPV. In the setting of ventilatory support, monitoring NPPV efficacy and resolving problems promptly are critical. This study assessed the treatment effect of high and low-pressure NPPV in chronic hypercapnic COPD using home ventilator with built-in software...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195749/acute-colonic-distension-in-a-patient-with-severe-muscular-dystrophy-receiving-non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#8
Andrea Vianello, Giovanna Arcaro, Piera Peditto, Silvia Iovino, Rosario Marchese-Ragona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186485/indications-and-practical-approach-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-acute-heart-failure
#9
Josep Masip, W Frank Peacock, Susanna Price, Louise Cullen, F Javier Martin-Sanchez, Petar Seferovic, Alan S Maisel, Oscar Miro, Gerasimos Filippatos, Christiaan Vrints, Michael Christ, Martin Cowie, Elke Platz, John McMurray, Salvatore DiSomma, Uwe Zeymer, Hector Bueno, Chris P Gale, Maddalena Lettino, Mucio Tavares, Frank Ruschitzka, Alexandre Mebazaa, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Christian Mueller
In acute heart failure (AHF) syndromes significant respiratory failure (RF) is essentially seen in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPE) or cardiogenic shock (CS). Non-invasive ventilation (NIV), the application of positive intrathoracic pressure through an interface, has shown to be useful in the treatment of moderate to severe RF in several scenarios. There are two main modalities of NIV: continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) with positive end expiratory pressure...
November 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175966/non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-should-be-considered-in-patients-with-copd-and-persistent-hypercapnia-at-least-2-weeks-after-resolution-of-acute-respiratory-failure
#10
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174374/tracheobronchial-stenting-for-airway-malacia
#11
REVIEW
Colin Wallis, Clare A McLaren
Tracheobronchomalacia is a rare but clinically troublesome condition in paediatrics. The softening of the major airways - which can include some or all of the tracheobronchial tree can lead to symptoms ranging from the minor (harsh barking cough, recurrent chest infections) to severe respiratory difficulties including prolonged ventilator support and 'near death attacks'. The causes are broadly divided into intrinsic softening of the airway wall which is considered a primary defect (e.g. syndromes; post tracheo-oesophageal fistula repair; extreme prematurity) or secondary malacia due to external compression from vascular structures or cardiac components...
October 13, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174288/-update-on-the-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-chronic-neuromuscular-disease
#12
REVIEW
P Priou, W Trzepizur, N Meslier, F Gagnadoux
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular diseases include a wide range of conditions that may involve potentially life-threatening respiratory complications (infection, respiratory failure). SURVEILLANCE AND PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS: For patients with neuromuscular diseases, clinical assessment of respiratory function and regular pulmonary function tests are needed to screen for nocturnal respiratory disorders, weakness of the diaphragm and potential restrictive disorders and/or chronic hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency, possibly with couch deficiency...
November 21, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160424/effect-of-prophylactic-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-on-functional-capacity-after-heart-valve-replacement-a-clinical-trial
#13
Amaro Afrânio de Araújo-Filho, Manoel Luiz de Cerqueira-Neto, Lucas de Assis Pereira Cacau, Géssica Uruga Oliveira, Telma Cristina Fontes Cerqueira, Valter Joviniano de Santana-Filho
OBJECTIVE: During cardiac surgery, several factors contribute to the development of postoperative pulmonary complications. Non-invasive ventilation is a promising therapeutic tool for improving the functionality of this type of patient. The aim of this study is to evaluate the functional capacity and length of stay of patients in a nosocomial intensive care unit who underwent prophylactic non-invasive ventilation after heart valve replacement. METHOD: The study was a controlled clinical trial, comprising 50 individuals of both sexes who were allocated by randomization into two groups with 25 patients in each group: the control group and experimental group...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149690/a-modified-montpellier-protocol-for-intubating-intensive-care-unit-patients-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-first-pass-intubation-success-and-fewer-complications
#14
Keith A Corl, Christopher Dado, Ankita Agarwal, Nader Azab, Tim Amass, Sarah J Marks, Mitchell M Levy, Roland C Merchant, Jason Aliotta
BACKGROUND: The Montpellier protocol for intubating patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with a decrease in intubation-related complications. We sought to determine if implementation of a simplified version of the Montpellier protocol that removed selected components and allowed for a variety of pre-oxygenation modalities increased first-pass intubation success and reduced intubation-related complications. METHODS: A prospective pre/post-comparison of a modified Montpellier protocol in two medical and one medical/surgical/cardiac ICU within a hospital system...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144160/high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-adults-an-evidence-based-assessment
#15
Matthew G Drake
High flow nasal cannula oxygenation has distinct advantages over other oxygen devices due to its unique effects on respiratory physiology. In particular, adjustable oxygen delivery and flow-dependent carbon dioxide clearance from the upper airway reduce work of breathing and can better match inspiratory demand during respiratory distress. Historically, few studies had evaluated whether the physiologic effects of these devices translated into clinical benefit. However, recent publications have begun to address this knowledge gap...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114011/albuterol-delivery-efficiency-in-a-pediatric-model-of-noninvasive-ventilation-with-double-limb-circuit
#16
Jeanne Velasco, Ariel Berlinski
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is used to treat respiratory failure in patients with concomitant need for aerosol delivery. Limited pediatric data are available on aerosol delivery efficiency, and none at all regarding aerosol delivery efficiency with a double-limb circuit. We compared the effect of position in the double-limb ventilator circuit, types of nebulizer, and ventilator settings on aerosol delivery efficiency in a pediatric model of NIV. We hypothesized that placing a vibrating mesh nebulizer at the ventilator and using the highest inspiratory pressures would increase aerosol delivery efficiency...
November 7, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106859/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-bardet-biedl-syndrome
#17
Jeffrey C Yeung, Umakanth A Katwa, Gi Soo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive ciliopathy, and obesity is among its defining characteristics. Consequently, the incidence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in this population is expected to be high. Due to its relative rarity, the nature of SDB in this population is poorly described. The objective of this study was to review a single institutional experience in the assessment and management of SDB in patients with BBS. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of tertiary care, academic pediatric hospital...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060676/gamma-variate-modeling-of-indicator-dilution-curves-in-electrical-impedance-tomography
#18
Benjamin Hentze, Thomas Muders, Henning Luepschen, Steffen Leonhardt, Christian Putensen, Marian Walter
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive imaging technique, that can be used to monitor regional lung ventilation (V̇) in intensive care units (ICU) at bedside. This work introduces a method to extract regional lung perfusion (Q̇) from EIT image streams in order to quantify regional gas exchange in the lungs. EIT data from a single porcine animal trial, recorded during injection of a contrast agent (NaCl 10%) into a central venous catheter (CVC), are used for evaluation. Using semi-negative matrix factorization (Semi-NMF) a set of source signals is extracted from the data...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054974/laryngeal-closure-impedes-non-invasive-ventilation-at-birth
#19
Jessica R Crawshaw, Marcus J Kitchen, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Marta Thio, Megan J Wallace, Lauren T Kerr, Charles C Roehr, Katie L Lee, Genevieve A Buckley, Peter G Davis, Andreas Flemmer, Arjan B Te Pas, Stuart B Hooper
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation is sometimes unable to provide the respiratory needs of very premature infants in the delivery room. While airway obstruction is thought to be the main problem, the site of obstruction is unknown. We investigated whether closure of the larynx and epiglottis is a major site of airway obstruction. METHODS: We used phase contrast X-ray imaging to visualise laryngeal function in spontaneously breathing premature rabbits immediately after birth and at approximately 1 hour after birth...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053337/obesity-and-severity-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Tadahiro Goto, Atsushi Hirayama, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
RATIONALE: Obesity is relatively common among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little is known about the association of obesity with severity of acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and in-hospital mortality. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of obesity with severity markers of AECOPD and in-hospital mortality. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using population-based data - the 2012-2013 State Inpatient Databases - of seven US states (Arkansas, Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, New York, Utah, and Washington)...
October 20, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
keyword
keyword
59449
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"