Read by QxMD icon Read

Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation

Samir Jaber, Marion Monnin, Mehdi Girard, Matthieu Conseil, Moussa Cisse, Julie Carr, Martin Mahul, Jean Marc Delay, Fouad Belafia, Gérald Chanques, Nicolas Molinari, Audrey De Jong
PURPOSE: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) has the potential to provide apnoeic oxygenation. We decided to assess in a proof-of-concept study whether the addition of HFNC to non-invasive ventilation (NIV) could reduce oxygen desaturation during intubation, compared with NIV alone for preoxygenation, in severely hypoxaemic intensive care unit (ICU) patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: We conducted a randomised, controlled, single-centre trial with assessor-blinded outcome assessment in patients admitted to the ICU...
October 11, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Sarada P, Weena Stanley, Mukhyaprana Prabhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
R Sahni, X Ameer, K Ohira-Kist, J-T Wung
OBJECTIVES: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in conjunction with tracheal intubation (TI) and mechanical ventilation (MV) for treating arterial pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) in near-term and term newborns. Non-invasive respiratory support with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is increasingly used to avoid morbidity associated with TI and MV, yet the effectiveness of iNO delivery via nasal CPAP remains unknown. To evaluate the effectiveness of iNO delivered via the bubble nasal CPAP system in term and preterm newborns with HRF...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Camilla R S Silva, Lívia B Andrade, Danielle A S X Maux, Andreza L Bezerra, Maria C M B Duarte
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of prophylactic, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) on respiratory function in seven- to 16-year-old children in the post-operative phase of cardiac surgery. Method: A randomized, controlled trial with 50 children who had undergone cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. After extubation, patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: control group (n=26), which received instructions regarding posture, early ambulation, and cough stimulation, and CPAP group (continuous positive airway pressure; n=24), which received the same instructions as the control group and CPAP=10 cmH20 twice daily for 30 minutes from the 1st to the 5th post-operative day (POD)...
September 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Steven Kwasi Korang, Joshua Feinberg, Jørn Wetterslev, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission among children and constitutes a significant economic burden. Use of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in the care of children with acute asthma has increased even though evidence supporting the intervention has been considered weak and clinical guidelines do not recommend the intervention. NPPV might be an effective intervention for acute asthma, but no systematic review has been conducted to assess the effects of NPPV as an add-on therapy to usual care in children with acute asthma...
September 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M E Mowitz, J A F Zupancic, D Millar, H Kirpalani, J S Gaulton, R S Roberts, W Mao, D Dukhovny
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of nasal continuous positive pressure (nCPAP) compared with nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in the context of the reported randomized clinical trial. STUDY DESIGN: Using patient-level data from the clinical trial, we undertook a prospectively planned economic evaluation. We measured costs, from a third-party payer perspective in all patients, and from a societal perspective in a subgroup with a time horizon through the earlier of discharge, death or 44 weeks post-menstrual age...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
A Mukerji, K Sarmiento, B Lee, K Hassall, V Shah
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive high-frequency ventilation (NIHFV), a relatively new modality, is gaining popularity despite limited data. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of NIHFV versus bi-phasic continuous positive airway pressure (BP-CPAP) in preterm infants failing CPAP. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with BW<1250 g on CPAP were randomly assigned to NIHFV or BP-CPAP if they met pre-determined criteria for CPAP failure. Infants were eligible for randomization after 72 h age and until 2000 g...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Margaret J Trost, Melissa Cowell, Jennifer Cannon, Kendra Mitchell, Kevin Waloff, Humberto Avila, Sanjay Chand, Christopher J Russell
PURPOSE: Children with sleep apnea may be at increased risk for overnight respiratory events (ORE) following anesthesia. We sought to identify ORE risk factors in sleep apnea patients sedated for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: One thousand four hundred seven hospitalizations for children with sleep apnea (by ICD-9 code) occurred at our institution from 5/1/2011 to 2/1/2015. One hundred twenty-seven (9 %) encounters were solely for post-MRI observation representing 96 unique patients...
September 28, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
David G Sweet, Virgilio Carnielli, Gorm Greisen, Mikko Hallman, Eren Ozek, Richard Plavka, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Umberto Simeoni, Christian P Speer, Máximo Vento, Gerard H A Visser, Henry L Halliday
Advances in the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) ensure that clinicians must continue to revise current practice. We report the third update of the European Guidelines for the Management of RDS by a European panel of expert neonatologists including input from an expert perinatal obstetrician based on available literature up to the beginning of 2016. Optimizing the outcome for babies with RDS includes consideration of when to use antenatal steroids, and good obstetric practice includes methods of predicting the risk of preterm delivery and also consideration of whether transfer to a perinatal centre is necessary and safe...
September 21, 2016: Neonatology
Hiroki Takano, Tomohiko Ishihara, Motomichi Kosuga, Torayuki Okuyama
A 72-year-old, seemingly healthy, Japanese man suddenly lost consciousness. At the emergency room, the patient's Glasgow coma scale score was 10 and a thoracic breathing pattern was observed. An arterial blood gas analysis indicated acute hypercarbic respiratory failure. He was placed on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation. The next day he was alert. Manual muscle testing revealed that his face, neck and limb muscle strength were normal. He could walk, and Gowers' sign was not observed. Computed tomography showed atrophy of the paravertebral, abdominal wall and diaphragm crura muscles, without apparent limb muscle involvement...
2016: Internal Medicine
Lu-Qian Zhou, Xiao-Ying Li, Yun Li, Bing-Peng Guo, Li-Li Guan, Xin Chen, Yu-Wen Luo, Peng Luo, Rong-Chang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This investigator-initiated randomized, controlled trial recruited 88 patients with stable GOLD stage IV COPD, who were randomized into 4 equal groups to continue oxygen therapy (control group) or to receive inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (IMT-NPPV group), inspiratory muscle training only (IMT group), or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation only (NPPV group) for at least 8 weeks...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Anita K Simonds
Prevalence studies have shown heterogeneous use of home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in different conditions, but a marked increase in uptake especially in users of non-invasive ventilation (NIV). While there have been randomised controlled trials of NIV in acute exacerbations of COPD, for weaning from invasive ventilation and post-extubation respiratory failure, the evidence base for long term NIV and comparisons with invasive ventilation are less well-developed. The combination of NIV and cough assist devices has reduced the indications for tracheotomy ventilation in some situations eg...
August 25, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Shunichi Gamo, Hideya Iijima, Yumika Seki, Ryo Horaguchi, Yuji Suda, Yuriko Shindoh
An atopic asthmatic of 65-year-old man who was complicated with COPD and treated with inhaled corticosteroid, long-acting β2 agonist, long-acting muscarinic antagonist, and leukotriene receptor antagonist was hospitalized with a severe asthmatic attack. He was intubated and went onto an artificial respirator. He was gradually relieved by repeated intravenous administration of high-dose corticosteroid, and a respirator was switched over to non-invasive positive pressure ventilation on 24th day. However, he repeated asthmatic attacks which needed corticosteroid to recover...
July 2016: Arerugī, [Allergy]
William Ciozda, Ilan Kedan, Devin W Kehl, Raymond Zimmer, Raj Khandwalla, Asher Kimchi
BACKGROUND: Central venous pressure (CVP) and right atrial pressure (RAP) are important parameters in the complete hemodynamic assessment of a patient. Sonographic measurement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter is a non-invasive method of estimating these parameters, but there are limited data summarizing its diagnostic accuracy across multiple studies. We performed a comprehensive review of the existing literature to examine the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of sonographic measurement of IVC diameter as a method for assessing CVP and RAP...
2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Daniel Klotz, Christoph Schaefer, Dimitra Stavropoulou, Hans Fuchs, Stefan Schumann
OBJECTIVE: Nasal high frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) is a promising mode of non-invasive neonatal respiratory support. To combine the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and high frequency oscillatory ventilation, an oscillatory pressure waveform is superposed to a nCPAP via a nasal or nasopharyngeal interface. nHFOV has been described to facilitate carbon dioxide (CO2 ) elimination compared to nCPAP. The influence of unintended leakage on CO2 elimination has not been investigated in nHFOV before...
August 15, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Samir Jaber, Nicolas Molinari, Audrey De Jong
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation in the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with severe life-threatening complications including severe hypoxaemia. Preoxygenation before intubation has been recommended in order to decrease such complications. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV)-assisted preoxygenation allows increased oxygen saturation during the intubation procedure, by applying a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to prevent alveolar derecruitment. However, the NIV mask has to be taken off after preoxygenation to allow the passage of the tube through the mouth...
August 12, 2016: BMJ Open
Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Kazuhiko Segawa, Narihiro Minami, Yasushi Oya, Hirohumi Komaki, Ikuya Nonaka, Ichizo Nishino, Miho Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the frequency of cardiopulmonary failure in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (calpainopathy) patients, although some studies have reported severe cardiomyopathy or respiratory failure. METHODS: To clarify the frequency of cardiopulmonary dysfunction in this patient population, we retrospectively reviewed the respiratory and cardiac function of 43 patients with calpainopathy. RESULTS: Nine of the 43 patients had forced vital capacity (FVC) <80%, and 3 used non-invasive positive pressure ventilation...
August 8, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Bernardo Selim, Kannan Ramar
INTRODUCTION: Volume assured pressure support (VAPS) and adaptive servo ventilation (ASV) are non-invasive positive airway pressure (PAP) modes with sophisticated negative feedback control systems (servomechanism), having the capability to self-adjust in real time its respiratory controlled variables to patient's respiratory fluctuations. However, the widespread use of VAPS and ASV is limited by scant clinical experience, high costs, and the incomplete understanding of propriety algorithmic differences in devices' response to patient's respiratory changes...
September 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Diana Reppucci, Jill Hamilton, E Ann Yeh, Sherri Katz, Suhail Al-Saleh, Indra Narang
BACKGROUND: Rapid-onset obesity with hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) is a rare disease with a high mortality rate. Although nocturnal hypoventilation (NH) is central to ROHHAD, the evolution of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is not well studied. The aim of the study was to assess early manifestations of SDB and their evolution in ROHHAD syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective study of children with ROHHAD at two Canadian centers...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Q Jiang, X Gao, C Liu, D Chen, X Lin, S Xia, D Zhuang, C Yang, W Zhu, L Liu, C Chen, B Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether early treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) could prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: A non-randomized, controlled trial was conducted prospectively in 27 neonatal intensive care units over 12 months. Preterm infants with gestational age <34 weeks and after 7 days of life, who received invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) or nasal continuous positive airway pressure for >2 days, were treated either with low-dose iNO (from 5 as initial dose to 2 parts per million as maintenance dose for ⩾7 days, n=162) or as non-placebo control (n=240)...
October 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"