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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108804/antigenic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-rabies-virus-isolated-from-bats-mammalia-chiroptera-from-municipalities-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-southeastern-brazil
#1
Benedito Donizete Menozzi, Rafael de Novaes Oliveira, Laís Moraes Paiz, Virgínia Bodelão Richini-Pereira, Helio Langoni
Bats have aroused growing attention in the public health sphere because they are considered the main reservoir of rabies virus (RABV) in the Americas, in places where canine rabies is under control. Antigenic and genetic studies of RABV isolates have been used to describe the epidemiological profile of rabies and to identify possible hosts/reservoirs for different epidemiological cycles. This study describes the antigenic and genotypic characterization of 19 RABV isolates from central nervous system samples of non-hematophagous bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera)...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106215/the-degree-of-processing-of-foods-which-are-most-widely-consumed-by-the-french-elderly-population-is-associated-with-satiety-and-glycemic-potentials-and-nutrient-profiles
#2
Anthony Fardet, Caroline Méjean, Hélène Labouré, Valentina A Andreeva, Gilles Feron
Food processing impacts both food structure and nutritional density. The effect of food structure on satiety and glycemic potentials is well recognized. However, the association between processing, satiety and glycemic potentials and nutrient profiles has not been much studied, especially in the diets of the elderly. Therefore, this study aimed at exploring relations between the level of food processing, consumption and nutrient profiles and satiety and glycemic potentials among 6686 French elderly people (≥65 years)...
January 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099551/cholesterol-and-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-events-limits-of-a-new-frontier
#3
Luís Eduardo Teixeira de Macedo, Faerstein E
Control of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease - a highly prevalent condition and one of the main causes of mortality in Brazil and worldwide - is a recurrent subject of great interest for public health. Recently, three new guidelines on dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis prevention have been published. The close release of these important publications is a good opportunity for comparison: the Brazilian model has greater sensitivity, the English model does not work with risk stratification, and the American model may be overestimating the risk...
January 12, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091856/daily-rhythmicity-of-the-thermoregulatory-responses-of-locally-adapted-brazilian-sheep-in-a-semiarid-environment
#4
Wilma Emanuela da Silva, Jacinara Hody Gurgel Morais Leite, José Ernandes Rufino de Sousa, Wirton Peixoto Costa, Wallace Sostene Tavares da Silva, Magda Maria Guilhermino, Luis Alberto Bermejo Asensio, Débora Andréa Evangelista Façanha
The goal of this study was to evaluate the daily rhythmicity of the thermoregulatory responses of Morada Nova ewes that were raised in a semiarid environment. The experiment was conducted during the dry season. Data were collected from 5:00 a.m. to 4:00 a.m.. Samples were taken over the course of 8 days, with a 1-week interval between sampling periods. During each day that the data were collected, animals were measured once an hour for 24 h in an area directly exposed to solar radiation. The environment was characterized by measuring the following variables: air temperature (TA), relative humidity (RH), Black Globe Humidity Index (BGHI), radiant heat load (RHL), and wind speed (WS)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088043/hplc-uv-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-mk-1775-and-azd-7762-in-both-acetonitrile-aqueous-solution-and-mouse-plasma
#5
REVIEW
Kareem Ebeid, Giang N Ho, Aliasger K Salem
A sensitive and precise method is described for the simultaneous determination of two small molecule kinase inhibitors: MK-1775 (MK) and AZD-7762 (AZD), in acetonitrile (ACN)-aqueous solution and in mouse plasma. A Nova-Pak C18 reversed phase column (3.9mm×150mm, 4μm, 60Å) was utilized in the separation using an isocratic mobile phase of 0.1% v/v triethylamine in phosphate buffer (pH=7.4): acetonitrile (ACN) (60:40, v/v), at a flow rate of 0.8mL/min. Detection wavelength was set at 310nm for both MK and AZD, and 431nm for the internal standard sunitinib (SUN)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088034/an-evaluation-of-nova-scotia-s-alcohol-ignition-interlock-program
#6
Ward G M Vanlaar, Marisela Mainegra Hing, Robyn D Robertson
Alcohol ignition interlock programs for offenders aim to reduce recidivism among convicted drink drivers. This study presents an evaluation of Nova Scotia's interlock program implemented in 2008 in order to assess its effectiveness to reduce impaired driving and to help identify areas for improvement. Data used include conviction and crash records of individual participants; provincial monthly counts of alcohol-related charges, convictions and fatal and serious crashes; and interlock logged events. Methods used include descriptive statistics, survival analysis, time series and logistic regression analysis...
January 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076610/intraoperative-near-infrared-fluorescent-imaging-during-robotic-operations
#7
Antonio Luiz de Vasconcellos Macedo, Vladimir Schraibman
The intraoperative identification of certain anatomical structures because they are small or visually occult may be challenging. The development of minimally invasive surgery brought additional difficulties to identify these structures due to the lack of complete tactile sensitivity. A number of different forms of intraoperative mapping have been tried. Recently, the near-infrared fluorescence imaging technology with indocyanine green has been added to robotic platforms. In addition, this technology has been tested in several types of operations, and has advantages such as safety, low cost and good results...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076605/isolated-primary-amyloidosis-of-the-inferior-rectus-muscle-mimicking-graves-orbitopathy
#8
Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro, Allan Christian Pieroni Gonçalves, Alanna Mara Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra
The diagnosis of Graves' orbitopathy is usually straightforward. However, orbital diseases that mimick some clinical signs of Graves' orbitopathy may cause diagnostic confusion, particularly when associated to some form of thyroid dysfunction. This report describes the rare occurrence of localized inferior rectus muscle amyloidosis in a patient with autoimmune hypothyroidism, who was misdiagnosed as Graves' orbitopathy. A 48-year-old man complained of painless progressive proptosis on the left side and intermittent vertical diplopia for 6 months...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076494/accuracy-of-mandibular-measurements-of-sexual-dimorphism-using-stabilizer-equipment
#9
Thais Torralbo Lopez, Edgard Michel-Crosato, Eduardo de Novaes Benedicto, Luiz Airton Saavedra de Paiva, Diogo Cesar Borges Silva, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic
The objective of this investigation was to compare the accuracy of mandibular measurements using a stabilizer (MS) with gold standard computed tomography (GS) images. Sixty mandibles were studied. Werth TomoScope HV Compact® was used to obtain CT images (GS), and the MS was also used. Analysis of the CT scans was performed using the VG Studio Max software® (Volume Graphics GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany), and MS was used after the proper positioning of the mandible. Descriptive and paired t test measures were used, and a ROC curve was calculated, as well as sensibility and specificity...
January 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076486/serum-leptin-levens-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-review-article
#10
Luiza Vitelo Andrighetto, Aline Kirjner Poziomyck
Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most frequent types of malignant tumors in the world. There is growing evidence of the relationship between it development and obesity. The mechanism that links obesity to cancer is still not fully understood; however, it is essential to the understanding the adipose tissue in metabolic changes related to obesity and hepatocellular carcinoma. Objective: To review the influence of serum leptin levels in patients with hepatocelular carcinoma...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076455/decreased-platelet-responsiveness-to-clopidogrel-correlates-with-cyp2c19-and-pon1-polymorphisms-in-atherosclerotic-patients
#11
J F M Marchini, M R Pinto, G C Novaes, A V Badran, R B Pavão, G L Figueiredo, I M Lago, M O Lima-Filho, D C Lemos, M Tonani, C M Antloga, L Oliveira, J C Lorenzi, J A Marin-Neto
Clopidogrel and aspirin are the most commonly used medications worldwide for dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, clopidogrel hyporesponsiveness related to gene polymorphisms is a concern. Populations with higher degrees of genetic admixture may have increased prevalence of clopidogrel hyporesponsiveness. To assess this, we genotyped CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 in 187 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Race was self-defined by patients. We also performed light transmission aggregometry with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid during dual antiplatelet therapy...
January 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071870/accessing-new-understandings-of-trauma-informed-care-with-queer-birthing-women-in-a-rural-context
#12
Jennifer Searle, Lisa Goldberg, Megan Aston, Sylvia Burrow
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Participant narratives from a feminist and queer phenomenological study aim to broaden current understandings of trauma. Examining structural marginalization within perinatal care relationships provides insights into the impact of dominant models of care on queer birthing women. More specifically, validation of queer experience as a key finding from the study offers trauma-informed strategies that reconstruct formerly disempowering perinatal relationships. BACKGROUND: Heteronormativity governs birthing spaces and presents considerable challenges for queer birthing women who may also have an increased risk of trauma due to structurally marginalizing processes that create and maintain socially constructed differences...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071147/abstracts-of-presentations-at-the-joint-meeting-of-the-eeg-clinical-neuroscience-society-ecns-the-international-society-for-brain-electromagnetic-topography-isbet-and-the-international-society-for-neuroimaging-in-psychiatry-isnip-in-halifax-nova-scotia-canada
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070204/evaluation-of-lactobacillus-coryniformis-cect5711-strain-as-a-coadjuvant-in-a-vaccination-process-a-randomised-clinical-trial-in-healthy-adults
#14
Noemí Redondo, Esther Nova, Alina Gheorghe, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Aurora Hernández, Ascensión Marcos
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of probiotics on the immune system have been extensively evaluated under disease states, their role in healthy situations remains unclear, since changes are hardly expected under immunological homeostasis. EFSA indicates that vaccination protocols could be used to evaluate the potential role of probiotics to improve the immune response against antigen challenges. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Lactobacillus coryniformis CECT5711 (Lc) on the specific immunity of healthy volunteers undergoing vaccination with Hepatitis A virus (HAV)...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069082/legislation-for-youth-sport-concussion-in-canada-review-conceptual-framework-and-recommendations
#15
Kelly Russell, Michael J Ellis, Shannon Bauman, Charles H Tator
In this article, we conduct a review of introduced and enacted youth concussion legislation in Canada and present a conceptual framework and recommendations for future youth sport concussion laws. We conducted online searches of federal, provincial, and territorial legislatures to identify youth concussion bills that were introduced or successfully enacted into law. Internet searches were carried out from July 26 and 27, 2016. Online searches identified six youth concussion bills that were introduced in provincial legislatures, including two in Ontario and Nova Scotia and one each in British Columbia and Quebec...
January 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063525/the-impact-of-skin-diseases-on-quality-of-life-a-multicenter-study
#16
G Sanclemente, C Burgos, J Nova, F Hernández, C González, M I Reyes, N Córdoba, Á Arévalo, E Meléndez, J Colmenares, S Ariza, G Hernández
INTRODUCTION: To date, no formal study has been published regarding how Colombian patients with skin disorders could be affected according to their perception of disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact in quality of life of skin diseases in a Colombian population. METHODS: This multicenter study included patients with skin disease from almost the whole country. Individuals >18 years old; of any gender; with any skin disease and who signed informed consent, were included...
January 4, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057591/surgical-management-of-spontaneous-spinal-cerebrospinal-fluid-epidural-fistula
#17
Declan G Siedler, Imogen M Ibbett, Nova B Thani
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hypotension secondary to spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula is a rare condition which can have serious sequelae. Early diagnosis and treatment can be challenging. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a 17-year-old man who presented with a history of sudden onset, postural headaches, associated with upper thoracic back pain. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) demonstrated a thoracic extradural fluid collection and slumping of the brain within the posterior fossa...
January 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054383/comparison-between-two-antimicrobial-protocols-with-or-without-guided-bone-regeneration-in-the-treatment-of-peri-implantitis-a-histomorphometric-study-in-dogs
#18
Umberto Demoner Ramos, Flavia Adelino Suaid, Ulf M E Wikesjö, Cristiano Susin, Mario Taba, Arthur Belém Novaes
OBJECTIVES: This study used a dog model to evaluate two antimicrobial protocols with or without guided bone regeneration (GBR) in the surgical reconstruction of peri-implantitis defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight beagle dogs subject to ligature-induced peri-implantitis were used. The animals either received antimicrobial photodynamic therapy or topical tetracycline hydrochloride combined with GBR or as stand-alone surgical interventions. Block biopsies of the defect sites for histological analysis were obtained at euthanasia, 12 weeks postsurgery...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052391/the-present-is-the-key-to-the-past-linking-regime-shifts-in-kelp-beds-to-the-distribution-of-deep-living-sea-urchins
#19
Karen Filbee-Dexter, Robert E Scheibling
Understanding processes that drive sudden shifts in ecosystem structure and function has become an important research focus for coastal management. In kelp bed ecosystems, regime shifts occur when high densities of sea urchins destructively graze kelp and create coralline algal barrens. While the importance of predation and disease in mediating shifts between kelp beds and barrens on shallow rocky reefs has been well documented, little is known about the role of deep-living urchins in these alternative stable-state dynamics...
January 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049608/electromagnetic-navigated-positioning-of-the-maxilla-after-le-fort-i-osteotomy-in-preclinical-orthognathic-surgery-cases
#20
Moritz Berger, Igor Nova, Sebastian Kallus, Oliver Ristow, Urs Eisenmann, Christian Freudlsperger, Robin Seeberger, Jürgen Hoffmann, Hartmut Dickhaus
OBJECTIVES: Inaccuracies in orthognathic surgery can be caused during face-bow registration, model surgery on plaster models, and intermaxillary splint manufacturing. Electromagnetic (EM) navigation is a promising method for splintless digitized maxillary positioning. STUDY DESIGN: After performing Le Fort I osteotomy on 10 plastic skulls, the target position of the maxilla was guided by an EM navigation system. Specially implemented software illustrated the target position by real-time multistage colored three-dimensional imaging...
October 14, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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